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US5935366A - Process for environmentally safe cleaning using water-soluble polymer based packages - Google Patents

Process for environmentally safe cleaning using water-soluble polymer based packages Download PDF

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Publication number
US5935366A
US5935366A US08694145 US69414596A US5935366A US 5935366 A US5935366 A US 5935366A US 08694145 US08694145 US 08694145 US 69414596 A US69414596 A US 69414596A US 5935366 A US5935366 A US 5935366A
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Prior art keywords
cleaning
water
tube
flexible
tubing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
US08694145
Inventor
James P. Wood
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Eli Lilly and Co Ltd (GB)
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Eli Lilly and Co Ltd (GB)
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B9/00Cleaning hollow articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto
    • B08B9/02Cleaning pipes or tubes or systems of pipes or tubes
    • B08B9/027Cleaning the internal surfaces; Removal of blockages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • B08B15/02Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area using chambers or hoods covering the area
    • B08B15/026Boxes for removal of dirt, e.g. for cleaning brakes, glove- boxes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/10Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor
    • Y10T156/1052Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with cutting, punching, tearing or severing
    • Y10T156/1054Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with cutting, punching, tearing or severing and simultaneously bonding [e.g., cut-seaming]

Abstract

A process for preparing two connected powder transfer conduits for cleaning without releasing powder from the conduits. The conduits are connected to each other by flexible tube of a water-dissolvable material to enable powder communication between the two conduits. A sealing operation is performed to form a seal in the tube sufficient to prevent the powder communication from one side of the seal to the other. The seal is then severed to produce two tube sections where each tube section is sealed at the point of severance. A cleaning conduit is then place over at least one of the two tube sections and connected to the respective conduit. The cleaning conduit is connected to a liquid cleaning source which is adapted to deliver a cleaning liquid capable of dissolving the tube section thereunder upon contact therewith.

Description

This application claims benefit of provisional application 60/003,348, filed Sept. 7, 1995.

The present invention relates generally to the containment of a toxic or hazardous substance during a cleaning process, and more particularly to the use of water-soluble polymers as sealed containers for enabling the cleaning of materials without toxic exposure to human operators. The present invention includes a number of different embodiments such as those detailed below. Other applications of the present invention are also possible.

The use of water soluble films as packaging materials is well known in the art. Such is proposed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,070,126; 5,272,191; and 5,389,724. The '191 patent (column 2, lines 61-68 through column 3, lines 1-29) discloses a variety of water soluble polymers. The present invention may incorporate any of these materials as suitable for the purposes of the present invention. Although polyvinyl alcohol-based films are disclosed in detail, other water soluble polymers may be used instead.

In one embodiment, the present invention relates to flexible tubing connections for powder transfer from one piece of process equipment to another. The flexible tubing is conventionally made of polyethylene or similar material. Currently, the internal components of process equipment are cleaned by clean-in-place (CIP) systems, which require removal of the flexible tube from the metal tubes of the equipment to allow the CIP piping to be attached to the metal tubes. This process is illustrated in FIGS. 1A-1D. Specifically, FIG. 1A shows a flexible tube or chute 10 between rigid tubes or pipes 12 and 14. Referring to FIG. 1B, end 16 of flexible tube 10 is removed from end 18 of rigid tube 14 to enable CIP piping to be attached to end 18. Upon removal of end 16 from end 18, residual powders migrate from the tube openings into breathing zones, which can create a hazard to the human operator. FIGS. 1C and 1D illustrate the attachment of CIP piping 20 to opening 18 of tube 14.

It is desired to provide a process by which CIP piping may be connected to the rigid tubes without allowing residual powders in the metal tubes or the flexible tubes to migrate into breathing zones upon separating the flexible tubing from the metal tubes. The present invention solves this problem by providing a flexible tubing made of a water soluble material that dissolves or melts in the presence of water. Materials that are suitable are water soluble polymer-based materials such as polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). However, as noted above other water soluble polymers are suitable for this application. In one embodiment, the flexible tubing is formed from a stock material sold under the trade name MONO-SOL, available from Chris-Craft Industrial Products, Inc. This particular material comprises about 79% PVA resin, about 20.5% plasticizers, and small amounts of magnesium stearate and sodium bisulfite. Of course other water soluble polymers having a different percentage of PVA could also be suitable.

FIGS. 1A-1D illustrate a prior art clean-in-place process using flexible connections.

FIGS. 2A-2E illustrate a clean-in-place approach in accordance with the present invention using a soluble material.

FIG. 3 illustrates a prior art glove bag.

FIG. 4 illustrates a glove bag in accordance with the present invention.

The novel process of powder containment during cleaning is illustrated in FIGS. 2A-2E. FIG. 2A shows the PVA-based flexible tubing 110 attached to rigid tubes 12 and 14. As shown in FIG. 2B, the first step in the process is to crimp tubing 110 at some point along its longitudinal axis and then seal the tubing at the crimp point. One desirable method of sealing involves tightly taping the tubing 110 at the crimp point with a water-dissolvable tape 112, such as Scotch brand No. 5414 water soluble tape, commercially available from 3M Corporation. An alternative method is to heat-seal a seam across the material. Heat sealing methods include direct thermal conduction or indirect methods, such as radio frequency welds, etc. The taping or sealing process forms two portions of tubing 110, an upper portion 114 and a lower portion 116. As a result of the sealing process, flow communication between portions 114 and 116 is prevented. After tubing 110 has been sealed, the tape or seal 112 is severed to form two sealed ends 118 and 120, as illustrated in FIG. 2C. Sealed ends 118 and 120 effectively prevent the migration of dust from tubing portions 114, 116 into the outside environment. The CIP tubing 20 is then placed over the desired flexible tubing portion (e.g. portion 116) and attached to rigid tubing 14, as shown in FIGS. 2D and 2E. The CIP process begins with a water rinse that dissolves flexible tubing portion 116, resulting in water flow into or out of CIP tubing 20, as indicated by arrow 130. The cleaning and rinse cycles can then be run.

In another embodiment of the present invention, a container made of a water-soluble based polymer is provided. In one embodiment, the container is made of the MONO-SOL stock material described above. The container, like the flexible tubing discussed above, is dissolvable in the presence of water. The container is adapted to hold metal parts contaminated or coated with toxic compounds or chemicals. After the contaminated parts are loaded into the PVA container, the entire container is placed in a parts washer. This eliminates the step of a human operator removing the contaminated parts from the container and placing the parts in a parts washer. Thus, this process prevents human exposure to the chemicals upon placing the contaminated parts in the parts washer. The PVA-based container then dissolves in the water-based cleaner to enable the parts to be cleaned by the solvent in the parts washer.

In another embodiment, the present invention provides a glove box or glove bag comprising a sealed compartment having holes to which are attached gloves for use in handling dangerous materials inside the compartment. Conventional glove bags, such as that illustrated in FIG. 3, are made of either steel and rigid transparent material (e.g., glass, acrylic) or a non-soluble flexible material (e.g., polyethylene, polyurethane, etc.). Such bags include a connection for attaching a CIP nozzle for cleaning. After cleaning it is necessary to examine the inside surfaces of the glove bag to determine whether it has been sufficiently cleaned. This requires the implementation of procedures and time. It is desirable to obviate the need for post-cleaning procedures.

Referring to FIG. 4, a glove box or glove bag in accordance with the present invention is shown. In this embodiment, frame 200 is made of stainless steel or another suitable rigid material. Glove bag 202 may be draped over frame 200 or affixed to the frame in any other suitable manner. Glove bag 202 is made from a water-soluble polymer such as the MONO-SOL product described above. As shown, glove bag 202 includes a connection 204 for a CIP nozzle (not shown) for cleaning purposes. The nozzle is placed over or inside the connection and activated, dissolving the glove bag around the CIP equipment and encapsulating the toxic powder to keep it from migrating up into the worker's breathing zone. Ultimately, the toxic powder is mixed with the water and dissolved glove bag solution and can be washed down the drain to a retainage tank for appropriate disposal. Thus, the glove bag of the present invention allows an alternate method of cleaning/decontamination of equipment in a contained fashion. The glove bag made in accordance with the present invention also reduces cleaning validation time.

Claims (3)

I claim:
1. A process of preparing two connected powder transfer conduits for cleaning, without releasing powder from the conduits, the process comprising the steps of:
providing a first piece of equipment having a first conduit and a second piece of equipment having a second conduit;
providing a water-dissolvable flexible tube having a first end connected to the first conduit and a second end connected to the second conduit to enable powder communication between the first conduit and the second conduit;
sealing a section of the flexible tube to form a seal in the flexible tube sufficient to prevent the powder communication from one side of said seal to the other;
severing the seal to form a first tube section connected to the first conduit and a second tube section connected to the second conduit, each tube section being sealed at the point of severance; and
positioning a cleaning conduit over the first tube section and attaching the cleaning conduit to the first conduit, the cleaning conduit being connected to a liquid cleaning source which is adapted to deliver a cleaning liquid capable of dissolving the first tube section upon contact therewith.
2. The process of claim 1, wherein the step of sealing includes taping the section of tubing.
3. The process of claim 1, wherein the step of sealing includes heat sealing a seam across the section of the flexible tube.
US08694145 1995-09-07 1996-08-08 Process for environmentally safe cleaning using water-soluble polymer based packages Expired - Fee Related US5935366A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US334895 true 1995-09-07 1995-09-07
US08694145 US5935366A (en) 1995-09-07 1996-08-08 Process for environmentally safe cleaning using water-soluble polymer based packages

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

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US08694145 US5935366A (en) 1995-09-07 1996-08-08 Process for environmentally safe cleaning using water-soluble polymer based packages

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2341976A2 (en) * 2008-07-18 2011-07-13 Allpure Technologies, Inc. Detachable transfer conduit
WO2015114319A1 (en) * 2014-01-29 2015-08-06 Coretrax Technology Limited An improved method for launching a cleaning element

Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2388325A (en) * 1944-03-04 1945-11-06 Du Pont Spinning process for artificial filaments
US3960152A (en) * 1974-01-21 1976-06-01 American Cyanamid Company Surgical sutures of unsymmetrically substituted 1,4-dioxane-2,5-diones
US4033938A (en) * 1974-01-21 1977-07-05 American Cyanamid Company Polymers of unsymmetrically substituted 1,4-dioxane-2,5-diones
US4206101A (en) * 1974-01-03 1980-06-03 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Melt extrudable cold water-soluble films
US4534349A (en) * 1983-02-02 1985-08-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Absorbable sutureless nerve repair device
US4674772A (en) * 1985-04-25 1987-06-23 Lycan Goodwin A Soluble pipe spacer
US4870966A (en) * 1988-02-01 1989-10-03 American Cyanamid Company Bioabsorbable surgical device for treating nerve defects
US4883618A (en) * 1983-02-02 1989-11-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Absorbable nerve repair device and method
EP0444230A1 (en) * 1990-03-01 1991-09-04 Aicello Chemical Company Limited Cold water soluble film
US5070126A (en) * 1988-08-02 1991-12-03 Aicello Chemical Co., Ltd. Films easily soluble in cold water
US5225120A (en) * 1991-09-13 1993-07-06 Dow Corning Corporation Method for preparing tubing and hollow fibers from non-crosslinked polyvinyl alcohol hydrogels
US5272191A (en) * 1991-08-21 1993-12-21 Fmc Corporation Cold water soluble films and film forming compositions
US5389724A (en) * 1992-04-23 1995-02-14 Rohm And Haas Company Polymer blends

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2388325A (en) * 1944-03-04 1945-11-06 Du Pont Spinning process for artificial filaments
US4206101A (en) * 1974-01-03 1980-06-03 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Melt extrudable cold water-soluble films
US3960152A (en) * 1974-01-21 1976-06-01 American Cyanamid Company Surgical sutures of unsymmetrically substituted 1,4-dioxane-2,5-diones
US4033938A (en) * 1974-01-21 1977-07-05 American Cyanamid Company Polymers of unsymmetrically substituted 1,4-dioxane-2,5-diones
US4534349A (en) * 1983-02-02 1985-08-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Absorbable sutureless nerve repair device
US4883618A (en) * 1983-02-02 1989-11-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Absorbable nerve repair device and method
US4674772A (en) * 1985-04-25 1987-06-23 Lycan Goodwin A Soluble pipe spacer
US4870966A (en) * 1988-02-01 1989-10-03 American Cyanamid Company Bioabsorbable surgical device for treating nerve defects
US5070126A (en) * 1988-08-02 1991-12-03 Aicello Chemical Co., Ltd. Films easily soluble in cold water
EP0444230A1 (en) * 1990-03-01 1991-09-04 Aicello Chemical Company Limited Cold water soluble film
US5272191A (en) * 1991-08-21 1993-12-21 Fmc Corporation Cold water soluble films and film forming compositions
US5225120A (en) * 1991-09-13 1993-07-06 Dow Corning Corporation Method for preparing tubing and hollow fibers from non-crosslinked polyvinyl alcohol hydrogels
US5389724A (en) * 1992-04-23 1995-02-14 Rohm And Haas Company Polymer blends

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2341976A2 (en) * 2008-07-18 2011-07-13 Allpure Technologies, Inc. Detachable transfer conduit
EP2341976A4 (en) * 2008-07-18 2015-03-25 Allpure Technologies Inc Detachable transfer conduit
WO2015114319A1 (en) * 2014-01-29 2015-08-06 Coretrax Technology Limited An improved method for launching a cleaning element

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AS Assignment

Owner name: ELI LILLY AND COMPANY, INDIANA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:WOOD, JAMES PAUL;REEL/FRAME:009615/0171

Effective date: 19960805

CC Certificate of correction
FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4

REMI Maintenance fee reminder mailed
LAPS Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
FP Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee

Effective date: 20070810