US585994A - Administrator of alexander - Google Patents

Administrator of alexander Download PDF

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US585994A
US585994A US585994DA US585994A US 585994 A US585994 A US 585994A US 585994D A US585994D A US 585994DA US 585994 A US585994 A US 585994A
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button
plunger
presser
bar
staple
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41HAPPLIANCES OR METHODS FOR MAKING CLOTHES, e.g. FOR DRESS-MAKING, FOR TAILORING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A41H37/00Machines, appliances or methods for setting fastener-elements on garments
    • A41H37/10Setting buttons

Description

(N9 Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet1.

A.. T. MILLER, Decd; G. H. WILSON, Administrator. EYELBSS OR OTHER BUTTON FASTBNER.

' Patented July 6,1897.

llllllll z lm t== I n s T \HHMIIIIIIHIIII'JIIIIHUHIIMIHII ilsaa.

lllllllil k WWI lllml Illllllllllllllllllllillifl 1' [END (No Model.) 7 3 Sheets-Sheet 2.

A. T. MILLER, Decd. G H WILSON Admlm *rator EYBLESS OR OTHERBUTTON FASTENBR.

No. 585,994. Patented Jul 6 1897.

(No Model.) 3 SheetF-Sheetfi.

A. T. MILLER, Decd.

G. H. WILSON, Administrator. EYELBSS OROTHER BUTTON FASTENER.

No. 585,994. Patented July 6, 1897.

lxhimeowo NlTED STATES PATENT rricE.

GEORGE H. WVILS ON, OF QUINCY, ILLINOIS, ADMINISTRATOR OF ALEXANDER T. MILLER, DECEASED, ASSIGNOR :OF ONE-HALF TO MICHAEL ROONEY,

OF SAME PLACE.

EYELESS OR OTHER BU'I 'TON FASTENER.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N 0. 585,994, dated July 6, 1897. Application filedNovember 22,1895. Serial No. 569,861. (No model.)

T at whom it may concern.-

Be it known that ALEXANDER T. MILLER, late a citizen of the United States, deceased, residing at Quincy, in the county of Adams and State of Illinois, did invent certain new and useful Improvements in Eyeless or other Button Fasteners, of which the following is so full, clear, and exact a description as will enable those skilled in the art to which the in- 1o vention appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is an elevation of the right side of the device. Fig. 2 is an elevation of the left :5 side of the same. Fig. 3 is a top plan view. Fig. 4 is a section through the plunger. Fig. 5 is a detail view of the forwarding device for the button. Fig. 6 is a detail View of the button-support. Fig. 7 is a side elevation of the winding device. Fig. 8 is a cross-section of the winding device. Fig. 9 is a cross-section of the button-reservoir. Fig. 9 is a section of a reservoir for eyeless buttons. Fig. 10 is a plan view. Fig. 11 is a perspective view of the improved button-fastening machine. Fig. 12 is a detail View showing the operating mechanism. Fig. 13 is a detail side elevation. Fig. 14 is a detail of plunger, and Fig. 15 is a detail of collar in which the plunger 0 operates.

The object of the present invention is to provide a device by the use of which eyeless or blind buttons may be attached to garments in rapid succession and with the greatest se- 3 5 curity.

The invention is especially designed as a fastening for pants-buttons; but it is obvious that it may be used for fastening buttons on other garments or articles of clothing for both man and beast. It can be used with equal facility on shoe-buttons, buttons for horseblankets, buttons for carriage-curtains, tents, and all other articles.

The invention may be described as embracing a button-reservoir from which the buttons drop one at a time into a but-ton-support, a forwarding device for forcing the button oif said support, a presser beneath which said button is forced and which grasps and holds the same, a staple-feeding device which feeds the staples one at a time into place where they may properly engage the button held by said presser, and a plunger for forcing said staples through the button and cloth and for clenching the same, said parts being operated 5 5 automatically and otherwise and preferably s0 timed in theirrespective movements that a staple is fed into position to engage the button at the same time the button is brought into place to receive it and the plunger arrives at a position where its next movement will cause the staple to be acted upon by it, and the button thereby secured to the fabric.

The detail construction considered to be the best adapted to carry the invention into practical effect is as follows:

. A designates a bed-plate or table to which is secured a vertical standard B,which latter preferably consists of two connected tubes B B and laterally-projecting arms C and E. Extending through perforations in said arms isa shaft D, which serves as a pivot for a f0rwarding device embodying preferably a plate G, having a recess g and at the other end a projection g. To the plate G is attached a smaller plate D, havinga finger cl. The proj ection g serves asahandle bymeans of which it may be moved back and forth by the operator, who thereby'brings it into forcible contact with the button and forces the same off its support F into a position beneath the presser and brings said forwarding device back into place to engage another button. Said button-support F is secured to the bedplate A and is formed with a channel f,which is located immediately beneath the discharge end of the button-reservoir R, which latter extends through openings in and is upheld by the arms C and E, above described, and said button-support is also formed with an open- 0 ingf, through which the button drops when forced off the support. The support F may also be provided with a projecting part F, having its outer end located in the path of the movement of the handle g and serving to 5 limit the movement of the forwarding device in one direction, while the movement of the forwarding device in the other direction may cl so as to be capable of swinging in a horibe limited by providing it with a tongue or projection d, arranged to strike the reservoir R.

L designates a reciprocatory presser which moves within the part B of the standard and may be raised or lowered by any suitable means acting automatically or otherwise, but it is preferably lowered by the means hereininafter described. This presser engages and holds the button and cloth from any movement while the button is being secured to the fabric, and its lower end is formed with a foot L, having an opening Z to permit the staple to pass through it, and with depending spurs or projections Z, which are so located and of such shape that they will engage within two of the openings in the button, and if the latter is not in proper position to receive the staple will turn said button by engaging the concave walls of said openings, so that the other two openings thereof will thereby be brought into position properly to receive the limbs of the staple. The presseris also formed with a groove a, through which the plunger N reciprocates, the lower end of which plunger is reduced in thickness by forming it with a cut-away part, (indicated at 0,) so that its said reduced part may project into the opening Z in the presser-foot and also to enable the feed-bar, hereinafter described, to be brought immediately above said opening, so that the staple may drop into said opening. The lower extremity of said reduced end of the plunger is preferably curved similarly to the top of the ordinary staple, as shown at c, Fig. 1. The upper end of the plunger is secured to a projection K,which extends from a collar K, which collar encircles and is fixed to the upper end of an operating-bar H, that reciprocates through the part B of the standard, whereby the movements of said operating-bar are communicated to said plunger. Connected with the lower end of said operating-bar is a pivoted foot-lever I, by means of which said bar and plunger are lowered.

A spring J is preferably employed to throw the presser down upon the material in ad- Vance of the plunger, said spring being herein shown as coiled at its central part and having one end inserted in the projection K and its other end inserted in the presser L. Beneath the presser is a die T, against which the limbs of the staple are forced, so that they will be bent properly to secure the button to the fabric.

The button-reservoir R is open at its discharge end and is provided with two vertical rods A, which pass through two of the openings in the buttons and upon which said buttons are thereby strung, so that they may fall by gravity, one by one, upon the buttonsupport F. The upper ends of these rods are secured to the cap 1" of the button-reservoir R, and the rods are thereby supported in position within the reservoir.

0 designates a feed-bar, which is pivoted at zontal plane, and the inner cut-away part c in the plunger to a place adjacent to the opening Z in the foot L. This bar is provided with a drum P, having a suitable ratchet-andspring mechanism Q, which automatically causes the drum to rotate in one direction,

and with any suitable means (indicated at Q) by which the spring may be wound up, and the bar is further provided with a grooved pulley e, which is located at its inner end, and with a slide g guard-rail i, and cord 75, which cord is secured to said slide and extends around said pulley and drum. The

staples h are placed on the feed-bar in front of the slide 9 and beneath the guard-rail 'L.

"Previously to mounting the staples on said feed-bar the latter is swung around into the position shown in Fig. 10 and the slide is pulled back a proper distance to allow the required number of staples to be placed upon the bar, and after this is done the feed-bar is swung back to the position shown in Fig. The staples are fed to the plunger automatically by the above-described means by the tension of the spring within the drum, which exerts a constant strain on one end of the cord t, thereby tending to force the slide 9 forward, which tendency is resisted by the staple within the recess 0 in the plunger, whereby the staples are fed one at a time.

From the above the operation of the invention will readily be understood to be as follows: Assuming that a button is being held by the presser and the staple is in position to be forced through the button and fabric, the operator depresses the foot-treadle,. thereby lowering the plunger with sufficient force to clench the staple, as above intimated, and

then removes his foot from the treadle. When in the upward stroke of the plunger it passes above the feed-bar O, a staple is allowed to drop from the latter into the space left vacant by the upward movement of the plunger, and therefore into position to be acted upon by the plunger. Meanwhile the button which has dropped from the reservoir intothe supporting-plate has been forced by the forwarding device beneath the presser-foot and held and clenched by the presser and plunger, respectively, in the manner above described, these operations being repeated until the desired number of buttons are secured to the fabric.

The device is well adapted to attach eyeless buttons made of soft metal, and when used for attaching such buttons the reservoir will have a clear unobstructed passage, as shown in Fig. 9, and the spurs on the presser-foot may be omitted.

Having described the objects, uses, and advantages of the invention, what is believed to be new, and what is therefore claimed, is

1. In a button-fastening machine, the combination of a grooved reciprocatory presser, having a foot formed with an opening, a device for feeding the staples to said opening and a plunger operating in said groove and having a reduced end designed to operate through said opening, substantially as described.

2. In abutton-fastening machine, the combination of a grooved reciprocatory presser having a foot, formed with an opening and with depending spurs or projections, and a plunger operating in said groove and having a reduced end designed to operate through said opening, substantially as described.

3. The combination with means for forcing staples through buttons and cloth and for clenching the ends of the staples, of a staplefeeding device, comprising a feed-bar upon which the staples are strung, a slide upon said bar, a drum connected with said slide and a spring-and-ratchet mechanism Within said drum for forcing said slide in one direction, substantially as described.

4. In a staple-feeding device, the combination of a feed-bar upon which the staples are strung, a slide upon said bar, a drum having a spring-and-ratchet mechanism and cords connecting said drum to said slide, substantially as described. a

5. In a button-fastening machine, the combination with a grooved reciprocatory presser, having a foot formed with an opening, and a plunger operating within said groove and having a reduced end, designed to operate through said opening, of a feed-bar, upon which staples are to be strung, said feed-bar extending to said groove and terminating immediately above said opening, a slide upon said bar and means for forcing said slide in one direction, substantially as described.

6. The herein-described button-fastening machine, comprising a button-reservoir having a clear unobstructed interior and open at the lower end, a presser having an opening in its foot and formed with grooves, a plun ger reciprocating within said groove and at its lower end through said openings, a spring connection between said plunger and presser, a pivoted forwarding device for carrying the button from the receptacle to beneath the presser-foot, and a staple-feeder projecting to a place immediately above the opening in said presser-foot, the movements of said parts being relatively timed, substantially as described.

GEORGE H. WILSON, Administrator of the estate of Alexander T.

lllilleq", deceased.

Attest:

JAMEs F. CARROTT, M. ROONEY.

US585994D Administrator of alexander Expired - Lifetime US585994A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100095033A1 (en) * 2008-01-11 2010-04-15 International Business Machines Corporation Performing a configuration virtual topology change and instruction therefore
US20110015707A1 (en) * 2008-09-19 2011-01-20 Apira Science, Inc. Phototherapy apparatus for hair, scalp and skin treatment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100095033A1 (en) * 2008-01-11 2010-04-15 International Business Machines Corporation Performing a configuration virtual topology change and instruction therefore
US20110015707A1 (en) * 2008-09-19 2011-01-20 Apira Science, Inc. Phototherapy apparatus for hair, scalp and skin treatment

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