US5855092A - Sash brake for double-hung window with pivoting sash - Google Patents

Sash brake for double-hung window with pivoting sash Download PDF

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Publication number
US5855092A
US5855092A US08865216 US86521697A US5855092A US 5855092 A US5855092 A US 5855092A US 08865216 US08865216 US 08865216 US 86521697 A US86521697 A US 86521697A US 5855092 A US5855092 A US 5855092A
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
respective
window
sash
including
channels
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US08865216
Inventor
Daniel L. Raap
Scot C. Miller
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Pella Corp
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Pella Corp
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D13/00Accessories for sliding or lifting wings, e.g. pulleys, safety catches
    • E05D13/04Fasteners specially adapted for holding sliding wings open
    • E05D13/08Fasteners specially adapted for holding sliding wings open acting by friction for vertically sliding wings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/16Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding vertically more or less in their own plane
    • E05D15/22Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding vertically more or less in their own plane allowing an additional movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/148Windows

Abstract

A double hung window having a tiltable sash includes a sash brake for preventing movement of the sash along the jambs while in the tilted position. The preferred sash includes respective tongues extending along the stiles that are configured for reception in corresponding channels in the jambs for slidably mounting the sash and providing a seal between the stiles and window frame. The preferred brake elements each include a base configured for fitting within a groove of a respective tongue and a brake shoe that extends into the channel. Each shoe has a length greater than the width of channel so that when the sash is tilted, the shoe engages the channel side walls to provide braking against movement while in the tilted position.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to the field of fenestration products including windows. In particular, the invention is concerned with a tiltable window sash and a brake for preventing slidable movement of the sash while in the tilted position.

2. Description of the Prior Art

Double hung windows with tiltable sashes provide an advantage in that the sashes can be tilted inwardly for convenient cleaning, repair or replacement. These types of windows include a balancing assembly such as springs or the like that balance the weight of the sash. In the tilted position, the top rail of the sash is supported and less weight is presented to the balancing mechanism. As a result, the balancing mechanism causes the bottom rail, which is still engaged between the jambs, to slide up the jambs.

The prior art discloses a variety of brake mechanisms for preventing movement of the sash while in the tilted position. These prior art mechanisms tend to be mechanically complex resulting in additional manufacturing expense and the potential for mechanical failure.

In one prior art device, ellipse-shaped cam elements extend from the stiles into respective jamb channels at the ends of nail-like fasteners with the interior end driven into the wood of the stile. When the window is tilted, the long axis ends of the cam elements engage the side walls of the channels to brake the movement of the sash. The cam element has a tendency to damage the side walls of the channel and only engages after the window is tilted about 30°. This allows sliding of the window until this position is reached. Also, the fastener tends to loosen over time allowing the cam element to rotate with a resulting loss in braking effectiveness.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention solves the prior art problem discussed above and provides a distinct advance in the state of the art. More particularly, the preferred sash brake hereof is mechanically simple, engages upon minimal tilting of the sash, does not damage the channel side walls, and remains secure for the life of the window.

The preferred window includes a frame presenting opposed jambs with each having a channel, and a sash with opposed stiles presenting tongues along the lengths thereof extending into the channels for slidably mounting the sash in the window opening and for providing a weather seal between the stiles and frame. The sash includes a pair of brake elements. Each element includes a base configured to fit in a groove defined in a respective tongue and including a base extension extending along a portion of the groove to prevent rotation of the brake element relative to the stile. The preferred brake element also includes a brake shoe extending into a respective channel and presenting a generally rectangular configuration with rounded corners. The length of the shoe is greater than the width of the channel and opposed diagonal corners engage the channel side walls and thereby brake the sash upon minimal tilting of the sash. Other preferred aspects of the present invention are disclosed herein.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a pictorial view of the preferred window shown mounted in a wall with the lower sash in the tilted position;

FIG. 2 is a partial sectional view taken along line 2--2 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a partial sectional view taken along line 3--3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a partial sectional view similar to FIG. 2 but with the sash in the operating position;

FIG. 5 is a partial sectional view taken along line 5--5 of FIG. 2; and

FIG. 6 is a partial sectional view taken along a line 6--6 of FIG. 4.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

The drawing figures illustrate preferred window 10. Referring to FIG. 1, window 10 is shown mounted in wall 12 and includes frame 14, lower sash 16a and upper sash 16b.

Frame 14 includes top and bottom frame members 18a and 18b and left and right jambs 20a and 20b cooperatively defining window opening 22. FIG. 2 is a partial cross sectional view illustrating jamb 20a with jamb 20b being the same except left-right reversed. Jamb 20a includes wood, jamb frame member 24, frame cladding with aluminum mounting hardware 26, jamb liner 28 and jamb springs 30a and 30b.

Jamb liner 28 is preferably composed of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), substantially spans the width of jamb frame 24, and is configured to present inner sash channels 32a and 32b and outer sash channel 34a and 34b spaced and parallel to channel 32. Each channel 32a,b and 34a,b is defined by spaced side walls 36a and 36b and bottom wall 38 and gradually narrows toward bottom wall 38. Liner 28 is spaced from jamb frame member 24 with jamb opening 40 defined therebetween. Liner 28 is resilient and flexes inwardly toward jamb frame member 24 during tilting of sash 16a. Jamb springs 30a,b are positioned in jamb opening 40 between liner 28 and frame member 24 and are configured to bias liner 28 away from frame member 24 in order to maintain sealing engagement with sash 16a as described further herein.

Window 10 also includes conventional balancing mechanism 42 having a pair of balancing springs 44 and balance cords 46 for each sash 16a,b (shown only for the left side of lower sash 16a in FIG. 1). Balancing spring 44 is received in jamb opening 40 with one end secured to jamb frame member 24. The other end of spring 44 is coupled with one end of balance cord 46 which extends upwardly through opening 40 and then down through a respective channel such as inner channel 32a where the other end is coupled with one of the stiles of sash 16a as described further herein. A pair of springs 44 are configured to balance the weight of the connected sash for easy slidable movement in window opening 22.

Sash 16a includes top rail 48, bottom rail 50, left stile 52 and right stile 54 connected as illustrated to support panes 56a and 56b. As best viewed in FIG. 4, each stile 52, 54 includes an outwardly extending tongue 58 configured for extending into a respective channel 32a,b for slidably mounting sash 16a to frame 14 in window opening 22 in the operating position illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 6. Each tongue 58 is also configured for sealing engagement with a respective side wall 36a,b of the corresponding channel 32a,b. In this way, tongues 58 provide a seal between stiles 52, 54 and frame 14 while still allowing slidable movement of sash 16a. Tongues 58 each include groove 60 defined therein. Upper sash 16b is configured the same as lower sash 16a but positioned to slide in outer channels 34a,b when in the operating position.

Each sash 16a,b further includes a pair of brake elements 62 extending outwardly from respective stiles near the bottom edges thereof. Each brake element 62 includes base 64, brake shoe 66 and fastener 68. In the preferred embodiment, base 64 and shoe 66 are integrally formed of glass reinforced polyurethane. As best viewed in FIGS. 2, 3 and 4, base 64 is configured to fit in groove 60 and further includes base extension 70 that extends outwardly along groove 60. Extension 70 provides additional leverage against rotation of brake element 62 relative to fastener 68 and relative to stiles 52, 54.

Referring to FIGS. 5 and 6, brake shoe 66 presents a generally rectangular configuration with rounded corners. As illustrated in FIG. 6, the width of shoe 66 is less than the width of a respective channel 32a,b. As best shown in FIG. 5, the length of shoe 66 is greater than the width of respective channels 32a,b. In the fully tilted positions shown in FIG. 5, brake shoe 66 is wedged between channel side walls 36a,b to provide braking action against the bias of balancing mechanism 42. The resilient nature of side walls 36a,b and the polyurethane composition of shoe 66 prevents damage to either component even after repeated engagement during the life of window 10.

Fastener 68 is preferably a wood screw that extends through the center of brake element 62 and into a respective tongue 58 of stile 52, 54 and into rail 50. As discussed above, the configuration of base 64 including base extension 70 prevents rotational movement of brake element 62 relative to fastener 68 and stiles 52, 54, thereby preventing loosening of fastener 68.

Brake element 62 also includes neck portion 72 positioned between base 64 and brake shoe 66 and integral therewith. A loop in the distal end of each balance cord 46 is received about neck 72 of each brake element as illustrated in FIGS. 2-6. With this configuration, each balance cord 46 is positioned in a respective channel 32a,b and 34a,b.

FIGS. 4 and 6 illustrate sash 16a in the operating position. In this position, tongues 58 and brake element 62 are received in respective channels 32a,b allowing up and down slidable movement of sash 16a. In order to move sash 16a to the tilted position illustrated in FIGS. 1-3 and 5, top rail 48 is grasped and pulled inwardly. This causes jamb liners 28 to shift inwardly against the bias of jamb springs 30a,b because of the sloped configuration of channel side walls 36a,b. As a result, the tongues 58 of stiles 52, 54 slip out of channels 32a,b allowing sash 16a to pivot about brake elements 62.

When the tilt angle of stiles 52, 54 relative to jambs 20a,b reaches about 13°, diagonally opposite corners of brake shoes 66 are in contact with respective side walls 36a,b of channels 32a,b. The compositions of brake shoes 66 and jamb liners 28 provide sufficient friction at this tilt angle to brake movement of sash 16a against the bias of balancing mechanism 42. As the tilt angle increases, the braking action increases to a maximum at the fully tilted position with a tilt angle of 90° as illustrated in FIGS. 1-3 and 5.

As those skilled in the art will now appreciate, the preferred window of the present invention provides a significant advance in the state of the art and will also appreciate that the present invention encompasses many variations in the preferred embodiment described herein.

Claims (15)

Having thus described the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the following is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent:
1. A window comprising:
a frame defining a window opening and presenting jambs on opposed sides of said opening, said jambs having walls including opposed side walls defining respective channels; and
a window sash including opposed stiles having respective tongues extending outwardly therefrom and extending substantially along the entire lengths thereof,
each tongue being configured for extending into a respective one of said channels for slidably mounting said sash in said opening and having structure for engaging said opposed side walls of said channels sufficiently to provide a seal between said stiles and frame,
said sash presenting weight, said window further including balance means for balancing the weight of said sash including a pair of balance cords positioned adjacent and coupled with respective stiles,
said tongues each including structure defining a groove therealong,
said window further including a pair of brake elements extending outwardly from said tongues respectively and into said respective channels,
said window being shiftable between an operating position in which said tongues are received in said respective channels and a tilted position in which said window is tilted about said brake elements with said stiles at an angle relative to said channels,
each of said brake elements being operable for braking said sash against movement due to said balance means when in said tilted position and including:
a base coupled with a respective tongue and configured for fitting into a respective groove and including a base extension extending along a portion of the length of said groove for preventing rotation of said brake element relative to said stile, and
a brake show presenting a long axis generally parallel to said grooves, presenting a width of the respective channel, and presenting a length at least as great as the width of a respective channel.
2. The window as set forth in claim 1, each of said brake elements including a single fastener extending therethrough into a respective one of said tongues for coupling therewith.
3. The window as set forth in claim 2, said fastener including a screw.
4. The window as set forth in claim 1, said brake elements being composed of glass reinforced polyurethane.
5. A window comprising:
a frame defining a window opening and presenting jambs on opposed sides of said opening, said jambs having walls including opposed side walls defining respective channels; and
a window sash including opposed stiles having respective tongues extending outwardly therefrom and extending substantially along the entire lengths thereof,
each tongue being configured for extending into a respective one of said channels for slidably mounting said sash in said opening and having structure for engaging said opposed side walls of said channels sufficiently to provide a seal between said stiles and frame,
said window further including a pair of brake elements extending outwardly from said respective stiles and into said respective channels,
said window being shiftable between an operating position in which said tongues are received in said respective channels and a tilted position in which said window is tilted about said brake elements with said stiles at an angle relative to said channels,
each of said brake elements including a brake shoe extending into a respective one of said channels and presenting a generally rectangular configuration with rounded corners and configured so that, as said window shifts from said operating position toward said tilted position, diagonally opposed ones of said corners engage the side walls of a respective one of said channels when said angle is less than 90 degrees.
6. The window as set forth in claim 5, said angle being less than 30°.
7. The window as set forth in claim 6, said angle being about 13°.
8. The window as set forth in claim 5,
said tongues each including structure defining a groove therealong,
each of said brake elements including a base coupled with a respective one of said tongues and configured for fitting into a respective groove and including a base extension extending along a portion of the length thereof for preventing rotation of said brake element relative to said stile.
9. The window as set forth in claim 8, each of said brake elements including a single fastener extending therethrough into a respective one of said tongues for coupling therewith.
10. The window as set forth in claim 9, said fastener including a screw.
11. The window as set forth in claim 5, said sash presenting weight, said window including balance means for balancing the weight of said sash, said balance means including a pair of balanced cords positioned adjacent respective stiles and coupled with respective brake elements.
12. A window comprising:
a frame defining a window opening and presenting jambs on opposed sides of said opening, said jambs having walls including opposed side walls defining respective channels;
a window sash including opposed stiles having respective tongues extending outwardly therefrom and along the lengths thereof, said sash presenting weight
each tongue including structure defining a groove therealong and being configured for extending into a respective channel for slidably mounting said sash in said opening and having structure for engaging said opposed side walls of said channels sufficiently to provide a seal between said stiles and frame;
balance means for balancing the weight of said sash including a pair of balance cords positioned adjacent and coupled with respective stiles; and
a pair of brake elements extending outwardly from said tongues respectively and into said respective channels,
said window being shiftable between an operating position in which said tongues are received in said respective channels and a tilted position in which said window is tilted about said brake elements with said stiles at an angle relative to said channels,
each of said brake elements including
a base configured for fitting into a respective groove,
a brake shoe extending into a respective one of said channels and presenting a generally rectangular configuration with rounded corners and configured so that, as said window shifts from said operating position toward said tiled position, diagonally opposed ones of said corners engage the side walls of a respective one of said channels when said angle is less than 30° in order to brake said sash against movement due to said balance means, and
for each of said brake elements, only one fastener extending therethrough into a respective one of said tongues through a respective one of said grooves for coupling said brake element to a respective one of said stiles, said base including a base extension extending along a portion of the length of said respective groove for preventing rotation of said brake element relative to said fastener.
13. The window as set forth in claim 12, for each of said brake elements, said base and brake shoe being integrally formed of glass reinforced polyurethane.
14. The window as set forth in claim 12, said jambs each including a resilient jamb liner.
15. The window as set forth in claim 12, said balance cords being coupled with respective brake elements.
US08865216 1997-05-29 1997-05-29 Sash brake for double-hung window with pivoting sash Expired - Lifetime US5855092A (en)

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US08865216 US5855092A (en) 1997-05-29 1997-05-29 Sash brake for double-hung window with pivoting sash
CA 2232700 CA2232700C (en) 1997-05-29 1998-03-19 Sash brake for double hung window with pivoting sash

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6178695B1 (en) * 1999-03-29 2001-01-30 Carolina Builders, Inc. Convertible window assembly
US6523307B2 (en) * 2000-04-19 2003-02-25 Ashland Products, Inc. Balance system for sash window assembly
US20030074764A1 (en) * 2001-10-23 2003-04-24 Dean Pettit Block and tackle sash balance brake assembly
US6622342B1 (en) * 2001-06-06 2003-09-23 Ashland Products, Inc. Block and tackle balance assembly with brake shoe
US6722082B1 (en) 2000-06-28 2004-04-20 Andersen Corporation Window having a hinged weatherstrip
US20040206001A1 (en) * 2003-04-18 2004-10-21 Kunz John R. Shoeless curl spring counterbalance system for a tilt-in window
US20040206002A1 (en) * 2003-04-18 2004-10-21 Kunz John R. Counterbalance system for a tilt-in window
US20040216380A1 (en) * 2001-01-12 2004-11-04 Amesbury Group, Inc. Snap lock balance shoe and system for a pivotable window
US20040237256A1 (en) * 2003-05-30 2004-12-02 Lutfallah Anthony G. Block and tackle balance assembly with brake shoe
US20050055881A1 (en) * 2003-09-11 2005-03-17 Gann Richard John Simultaneously operating self balanced hung window
US20050066581A1 (en) * 2003-09-26 2005-03-31 Intek Plastics, Inc. Weather-strip
US7448164B1 (en) 2003-12-01 2008-11-11 Kolbe & Kolbe Millwork Co., Inc. Double-hung window with uniform wood interior

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US5566507A (en) * 1992-06-24 1996-10-22 Andersen Corporation Double-hung tilting sash type window system
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US5371971A (en) * 1993-05-04 1994-12-13 Ashland Products, Inc. Sash balance brake and pivot pin assembly
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Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6178695B1 (en) * 1999-03-29 2001-01-30 Carolina Builders, Inc. Convertible window assembly
US6751904B2 (en) 2000-04-19 2004-06-22 Ashland Products, Inc. Balance system for sash window assembly
US6523307B2 (en) * 2000-04-19 2003-02-25 Ashland Products, Inc. Balance system for sash window assembly
US20040255518A1 (en) * 2000-04-19 2004-12-23 Ashland Products, Inc. Balance system for sash window assembly
US7093349B2 (en) 2000-04-19 2006-08-22 Newell Operating Company System for manufacturing sash window assemblies
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