US5839313A - Rolling mill with intermediate crossed rolls background - Google Patents

Rolling mill with intermediate crossed rolls background Download PDF

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Publication number
US5839313A
US5839313A US09/025,620 US2562098A US5839313A US 5839313 A US5839313 A US 5839313A US 2562098 A US2562098 A US 2562098A US 5839313 A US5839313 A US 5839313A
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Prior art keywords
roll
mill
work
backup
rolls
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US09/025,620
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Vladimir B. Ginzburg
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International Rolling Mill Consultants Inc
Danieli Technology Inc
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International Rolling Mill Consultants Inc
Danieli Corp Danieli United Div
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Priority to US09/025,620 priority Critical patent/US5839313A/en
Assigned to DANIELI UNITED, A DIVISION OF DANIELI CORPORATION reassignment DANIELI UNITED, A DIVISION OF DANIELI CORPORATION ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: INTERNATIONAL ROLLING MILL CONSULTANTS, INC.
Assigned to INTERNATIONAL ROLLING MILL CONSULTANTS, INC. reassignment INTERNATIONAL ROLLING MILL CONSULTANTS, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: GINZBURG, VLADIMIR B.
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US5839313A publication Critical patent/US5839313A/en
Assigned to DANIELI TECHNOLOGY, INC. reassignment DANIELI TECHNOLOGY, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: DANIELI UNITED, A DIVISION OF DANIELI CORPORATION
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21BROLLING OF METAL
    • B21B13/00Metal-rolling stands, i.e. an assembly composed of a stand frame, rolls, and accessories
    • B21B13/02Metal-rolling stands, i.e. an assembly composed of a stand frame, rolls, and accessories with axes of rolls arranged horizontally
    • B21B13/023Metal-rolling stands, i.e. an assembly composed of a stand frame, rolls, and accessories with axes of rolls arranged horizontally the axis of the rolls being other than perpendicular to the direction of movement of the product, e.g. cross-rolling
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21BROLLING OF METAL
    • B21B13/00Metal-rolling stands, i.e. an assembly composed of a stand frame, rolls, and accessories
    • B21B13/02Metal-rolling stands, i.e. an assembly composed of a stand frame, rolls, and accessories with axes of rolls arranged horizontally
    • B21B2013/026Quinto, five high-stands
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21BROLLING OF METAL
    • B21B13/00Metal-rolling stands, i.e. an assembly composed of a stand frame, rolls, and accessories
    • B21B13/02Metal-rolling stands, i.e. an assembly composed of a stand frame, rolls, and accessories with axes of rolls arranged horizontally
    • B21B2013/028Sixto, six-high stands

Abstract

In a mill for cross rolling metal strip and having upper and lower work rolls and backup rolls, at least one crossed intermediate roll is disposed between at least one pair of work roll and backup roll.

Description

BACKGROUND

1. Field of the Invention

This invention relates to rolling of metal sheet or strip (hereinafter "strip") in a rolling mill and, more particularly, to cross-rolling the strip by means of at least one intermediate roll disposed between a work roll and a backup roll and crossed at an angle to a longitudinal axis of the work roll.

2. Description of the Prior Art

As noted, for example, in U.S. Pat. No. 5,655,398, which is incorporated herein and made a part hereof by this reference, roll crossing, without or with roll shifting (as described in the above patent), is used to modify the profile of a roll gap between an upper and a lower work roll for control of the flatness and profile of a rolled workpiece. Presently, one of three roll crossing systems is used in rolling mills for rolling flat products.

First, work roll crossing is used, as shown in FIG. 1 hereof, and as exemplified by U.S. Pat. No. 4,385,512; U.S. Pat. No. 4,727,741; U.S. Pat. No. 5,365,764, and U.S. Pat. No. 5,390,518.

Second, backup roll crossing is used, as shown in FIG. 2 hereof, and as exemplified by U.S. Pat. No. 1,860,931 and U.S. Pat. No. 2,762,295incorporated herein and made a part hereof by this reference.

Third, pair-crossing is used in which both work rolls and backup rolls are crossed, as shown in FIG. 3 hereof, and as exemplified by U.S. Pat. No. 4,453,393.

Work roll crossing produces "strip walking," that is, a tendency of the strip to shift from the centerline of the mill, as shown in FIGS. 4A and 4B hereof whether using a concave or convex work roll design. Moreover, because of the shearing force acting in the width direction of the strip, work roll crossing produces a rhombic shape of the strip cross-section, as shown in FIG. 5 hereof. Backup roll crossing is much more expensive than work roll crossing, and a pair-cross mill combines the disadvantages of work roll crossing and backup roll crossing.

Rolling mills sometimes are provided with intermediate rolls between the work rolls and the backup rolls, exemplified by U.S. Pat. No. 3,724,252; U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,369,646, 4,400,957, 4,499,748, and 4,712,416 (each including axial adjustment of the intermediate roll, that is, along the longitudinal axis of the work roll); U.S. Pat. No. 4,539,833 (intermediate roll is offset in the downstream direction from the reduction line interconnecting the axis of the upper and lower backup rolls), and U.S. Pat. No. 5,239,851 (bendable intermediate roll).

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

This invention enhances the technical performance and economy of cross rolling of metal strip in a rolling mill by providing either a single crossed intermediate roll between a work roll and a backup roll (typically a 5 high mill) or double crossed intermediate rolls between each work roll and its corresponding backup roll (typically a 6 high mill).

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a schematic end elevation of prior art rolling mill rolls in which the work rolls are crossed;

FIG. 2 is a schematic end elevation of prior art rolling mill rolls in which the backup rolls are crossed;

FIG. 3 is a schematic end elevation of a prior art pair-crossed mill in which both the work rolls and the backup rolls are crossed;

FIG. 4A is a schematic side elevation of a pair of crossed concave-shaped work rolls illustrating strip walking with this roll configuration;

FIG. 4B is a schematic side elevation of a pair of crossed convex-shaped work rolls illustrating strip walking with this roll configuration;

FIG. 5 is a schematic side elevation of a pair of crossed work rolls with a rolled workpiece therebetween illustrating the generally rhombic shape produced by such roll configuration;

FIG. 6 is schematic end elevation of the rolls of a 5-high rolling mill having a single crossed intermediate roll in accordance with one aspect of the present invention, and

FIG. 7 is a schematic end elevation of the rolls of a 6-high rolling mill having two crossed intermediate rolls in accordance with another aspect of this invention.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

FIGS. 1-3 illustrate, respectively, prior art work roll crossing, backup roll crossing and combined work roll and backup roll crossing (as used in a pair-cross mill). In these Figs. the numeral 1 denotes an upper work roll and the numeral 2 denotes a lower work roll. In each case, there is provided an upper backup roll 3 and a lower backup roll 4. The disadvantages of work roll crossing have been outlined above, such as "strip walking" as illustrated in FIGS. 4A and 4B, and production of a rhombic workpiece section as illustrated in FIG. 5. The high cost of backup roll crossing results from a complexity of the mechanism that is required to more very large backup rolls and their chocks in respect to the roll force hydraulic cylinders that produce the force on the backup roll chocks as great as six million pounds per side. In moving the chocks it is easy to misalign them with respect to the cylinders despite the use of special roller thrust bearings.

The crossed intermediate rolls of the invention are much smaller than the usual backup rolls and the roll chocks are not involved in alignment. Instead, the rolls float up and down, and a much smaller thrust force, e.g. about 4-5000 pounds is needed.

FIG. 6 illustrates a 5-high mill according to the invention in which a single intermediate roll 5 is disposed, e.g. between the upper work roll 1 and the upper backup roll 3, and is designed for roll crossing.

FIG. 7 illustrates a 6-high mill according to the invention in which, in addition to having crossed intermediate roll 5, a second crossed intermediate roll 6 is provided, e.g. between the lower work roll 2 and the lower backup roll 4.

The crossed intermediate roll or rolls of this invention eliminate or drastically reduce the disadvantages of work roll crossing and reduce the costs and roll misalignment problems associated with expensive backup roll crossing. In most instances, the less roll crossing that is applied, the better the result--consistent with achievement of the needed strip flatness and profile control. Thus the lesser the crossing angle, the lesser the thrust force which is needed, reducing heavy equipment cost and enhancing performance. The two crossed intermediate rolls 5 and 6 of FIG. 7 are especially desired in this respect since a smaller crossing angle can be used with the two crossed intermediate roll design than with the single crossed intermediate roll design.

Crossing of the intermediate rolls of this invention can be implemented, for example, by utilizing the mechanisms as disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,655,398.

Claims (8)

What is claimed is:
1. In a rolling mill for rolling metal strip, said mill being of the type having upper and lower work rolls and a backup roll associated with each work roll, the improvement which comprises at least one intermediate roll disposed between a work roll and a backup roll, and means to cross said at least one intermediate roll at an angle to the work rolls and the backup rolls.
2. The mill improvement according to claim 1, wherein the mill comprises a first crossable intermediate roll disposed between an upper work roll and an upper backup roll and a second crossable intermediate roll disposed between a lower work roll and a lower backup roll.
3. A mill according to claim 1, which comprises a first crossable intermediate roll disposed between and upper work roll and an upper backup roll and a second crossable intermediate roll disposed between a lower work roll and a lower backup roll, and means to cross the first and second intermediate rolls.
4. A mill according to claim 2, which comprises a first crossable intermediate roll disposed between and upper work roll and an upper backup roll and a second crossable intermediate roll disposed between a lower work roll and a lower backup roll, and means to cross the first and second intermediate rolls.
5. A method of rolling a metal strip in a rolling mill having upper and lower work rolls and backup rolls, comprising providing at least one intermediate roll between at least one work roll and an associated backup roll, providing means to cross the least one intermediate roll, crossing the at least one intermediate roll, and cross rolling the strip thereby to reduce strip walking as compared to a mill using work roll crossing and to reduce cost of the mill as compared to the cost of a mill using backup roll crossing.
6. A method according to claim 5, comprising disposing a first intermediate roll between the upper work roll and the upper backup roll and a second intermediate roll between the lower work roll and the lower backup roll, and crossing the first and second intermediate rolls.
7. A method according to claim 5, further comprising permitting each intermediate roll to freely float up and down, and applying a thrust force to each intermediate roll of not more than about 4000 to about 5000 pounds, thereby reducing strip walking and the production of a rhombic-shaped workpiece as compared to a mill using work roll crossing and to reduce cost of the mill as compared to the cost of a mill using backup roll crossing.
8. A method according to claim 5, further comprising permitting each intermediate roll to freely float up and down, and applying a thrust force to each intermediate roll of not more than about 4000 to about 5000 pounds, thereby reducing strip walking and the production of a rhombic-shaped workpiece as compared to a mill using work roll crossing and to reduce cost of the mill as compared to the cost of a mill using backup roll crossing.
US09/025,620 1998-02-18 1998-02-18 Rolling mill with intermediate crossed rolls background Expired - Lifetime US5839313A (en)

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US09/025,620 US5839313A (en) 1998-02-18 1998-02-18 Rolling mill with intermediate crossed rolls background
EP99101588A EP0937513A1 (en) 1998-02-18 1999-01-29 Rolling mill with intermediate crossed rolls
CA 2262235 CA2262235A1 (en) 1998-02-18 1999-02-17 Rolling mill with intermediate crossed rolls
JP3990699A JPH11285707A (en) 1998-02-18 1999-02-18 Rolling equipment provided with intermediate cross roll

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5937696A (en) * 1997-03-25 1999-08-17 Mitsuba Corporation Starter for an internal combustion engine
US6151943A (en) * 1998-01-21 2000-11-28 Hitachi, Ltd. Rolling machine and rolling method
US6158260A (en) * 1999-09-15 2000-12-12 Danieli Technology, Inc. Universal roll crossing system
US6374656B1 (en) * 1999-07-20 2002-04-23 Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche S.P.A. Rolling stand for plane products and method to control the planarity of said products
US20040039437A1 (en) * 2002-08-13 2004-02-26 Medtronic, Inc. Medical device exhibiting improved adhesion between polymeric coating and substrate
JP6386201B1 (en) * 2018-02-14 2018-09-05 加川 清二 Microporous plastic film production equipment

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US1860931A (en) * 1928-02-23 1932-05-31 Bethlehem Steel Corp Rolling mill
US2762295A (en) * 1950-11-01 1956-09-11 Carding Spec Canada Distribution of pressure between a pair of pressure rollers
US3724252A (en) * 1969-10-03 1973-04-03 Alcan Res & Dev Flattening mill
US4369646A (en) * 1979-10-04 1983-01-25 Hitachi, Ltd. Rolling mill and method for rolling a sheet material
US4385512A (en) * 1980-07-10 1983-05-31 Nippon Steel Corporation Tandem rolling mill train for metal plate and sheet
US4440957A (en) * 1976-10-02 1984-04-03 Bergwerksverband Gmbh Preparation of β-isopropylnaphthalene
US4453393A (en) * 1981-08-13 1984-06-12 Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Four high mill of the paired-roll-crossing type
US4499748A (en) * 1982-01-06 1985-02-19 Hitachi, Ltd. Rolling mill
US4539833A (en) * 1983-01-18 1985-09-10 Ishikawajima-Harima Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Rolling mill with flatness control facility
US4691548A (en) * 1984-08-29 1987-09-08 Gerhard Richter Rolling mill stand for strip-shaped material
US4712416A (en) * 1984-03-13 1987-12-15 Sms Schloemann-Siemag Ag Six-high roll stand with offset inner backup rolls
US4727741A (en) * 1985-08-09 1988-03-01 Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Cross-rolling mill
US5119656A (en) * 1989-09-08 1992-06-09 Hitachi, Ltd. Rolling mill with offset work rolls positioned and controlled by support rolls and method of using same
US5239851A (en) * 1989-05-31 1993-08-31 Hitachi, Ltd. Rolling method of multi-high rolling mill for obtaining accurate sheet crown
US5291770A (en) * 1991-07-30 1994-03-08 Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Roll crossing apparatus for cross-rolling mill
US5365764A (en) * 1991-12-27 1994-11-22 Hitachi, Ltd. Cross rolling mill, cross rolling method and cross rolling mill system
US5390518A (en) * 1992-11-10 1995-02-21 Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Method for shining metal sheet surfaces and method for cold-rolling metallic materials
US5655398A (en) * 1995-05-11 1997-08-12 Danieli United, A Division Of Danieli Corporation Roll crossing and shifting system

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JPS5536062A (en) * 1978-09-08 1980-03-13 Hitachi Ltd Rolling mill
JPS5913282B2 (en) * 1978-09-08 1984-03-28 Hitachi Ltd
JPS57159202A (en) * 1981-03-27 1982-10-01 Sumitomo Light Metal Ind Ltd Correcting method for shape of plate in rolling mill
JPH0261327B2 (en) * 1982-02-19 1990-12-19 Hitachi Ltd
DE3331339C2 (en) * 1983-08-31 1989-04-27 Mannesmann Ag, 4000 Duesseldorf, De
JPS632507A (en) * 1986-06-20 1988-01-07 Nippon Steel Corp Rolling mill

Patent Citations (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1860931A (en) * 1928-02-23 1932-05-31 Bethlehem Steel Corp Rolling mill
US2762295A (en) * 1950-11-01 1956-09-11 Carding Spec Canada Distribution of pressure between a pair of pressure rollers
US3724252A (en) * 1969-10-03 1973-04-03 Alcan Res & Dev Flattening mill
US4440957A (en) * 1976-10-02 1984-04-03 Bergwerksverband Gmbh Preparation of β-isopropylnaphthalene
US4369646A (en) * 1979-10-04 1983-01-25 Hitachi, Ltd. Rolling mill and method for rolling a sheet material
US4385512A (en) * 1980-07-10 1983-05-31 Nippon Steel Corporation Tandem rolling mill train for metal plate and sheet
US4453393A (en) * 1981-08-13 1984-06-12 Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Four high mill of the paired-roll-crossing type
US4499748A (en) * 1982-01-06 1985-02-19 Hitachi, Ltd. Rolling mill
US4539833A (en) * 1983-01-18 1985-09-10 Ishikawajima-Harima Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Rolling mill with flatness control facility
US4712416A (en) * 1984-03-13 1987-12-15 Sms Schloemann-Siemag Ag Six-high roll stand with offset inner backup rolls
US4691548A (en) * 1984-08-29 1987-09-08 Gerhard Richter Rolling mill stand for strip-shaped material
US4727741A (en) * 1985-08-09 1988-03-01 Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Cross-rolling mill
US5239851A (en) * 1989-05-31 1993-08-31 Hitachi, Ltd. Rolling method of multi-high rolling mill for obtaining accurate sheet crown
US5119656A (en) * 1989-09-08 1992-06-09 Hitachi, Ltd. Rolling mill with offset work rolls positioned and controlled by support rolls and method of using same
US5291770A (en) * 1991-07-30 1994-03-08 Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Roll crossing apparatus for cross-rolling mill
US5365764A (en) * 1991-12-27 1994-11-22 Hitachi, Ltd. Cross rolling mill, cross rolling method and cross rolling mill system
US5390518A (en) * 1992-11-10 1995-02-21 Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Method for shining metal sheet surfaces and method for cold-rolling metallic materials
US5655398A (en) * 1995-05-11 1997-08-12 Danieli United, A Division Of Danieli Corporation Roll crossing and shifting system

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5937696A (en) * 1997-03-25 1999-08-17 Mitsuba Corporation Starter for an internal combustion engine
US6151943A (en) * 1998-01-21 2000-11-28 Hitachi, Ltd. Rolling machine and rolling method
DE19934027B4 (en) * 1998-07-21 2004-02-05 Hitachi, Ltd. rolling mill
US6374656B1 (en) * 1999-07-20 2002-04-23 Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche S.P.A. Rolling stand for plane products and method to control the planarity of said products
US6158260A (en) * 1999-09-15 2000-12-12 Danieli Technology, Inc. Universal roll crossing system
US20040039437A1 (en) * 2002-08-13 2004-02-26 Medtronic, Inc. Medical device exhibiting improved adhesion between polymeric coating and substrate
JP6386201B1 (en) * 2018-02-14 2018-09-05 加川 清二 Microporous plastic film production equipment
EP3527343A1 (en) 2018-02-14 2019-08-21 Seiji Kagawa Apparatus for producing microporous plastic film
TWI672208B (en) * 2018-02-14 2019-09-21 加川清二 Apparatus for producing microporous plastic film
US10744665B2 (en) 2018-02-14 2020-08-18 Seiji Kagawa Apparatus for producing microporous plastic film

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Publication number Publication date
JPH11285707A (en) 1999-10-19
CA2262235A1 (en) 1999-08-18
EP0937513A1 (en) 1999-08-25

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