US581785A - smith - Google Patents

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US581785A
US581785A US581785DA US581785A US 581785 A US581785 A US 581785A US 581785D A US581785D A US 581785DA US 581785 A US581785 A US 581785A
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head
water
flange
passage
way
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B3/00Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements ; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet
    • B05B3/02Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements ; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements
    • B05B3/04Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements ; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements driven by the liquid or other fluent material discharged, e.g. the liquid actuating a motor before passing to the outlet
    • B05B3/0409Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements ; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements driven by the liquid or other fluent material discharged, e.g. the liquid actuating a motor before passing to the outlet with moving, e.g. rotating, outlet elements
    • B05B3/0418Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements ; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements driven by the liquid or other fluent material discharged, e.g. the liquid actuating a motor before passing to the outlet with moving, e.g. rotating, outlet elements comprising a liquid driven rotor, e.g. a turbine
    • B05B3/0422Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements ; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements driven by the liquid or other fluent material discharged, e.g. the liquid actuating a motor before passing to the outlet with moving, e.g. rotating, outlet elements comprising a liquid driven rotor, e.g. a turbine with rotating outlet elements

Description

ITH
LAWN SPRINKLER. No. 581,785. Patented May 4,1897.
mart an fltr Unrrnn STATES FFICE.
JOSEPH II. SMITH, OF IVASIIINGTON, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
LAWN-SPRINKLER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 581,785, dated May 4, 1897. Application filed June 12, 1896. Serial No. 595,322- (No model.)
To aZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, JOSEPH H. SMITH, of Vashingtomin the District of Columbia, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Lawn-Sprinklers; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention contemplates certain new and useful improvements in lawn-sprinklers.
The object of the invention is to provide a device of this character which will comprise advantages in point of simplicity, inexpensiveness, and durability.
The invention will be hereinafter fully set forth, and particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a view in side elevation, illustrating my improved sprinkler. Fig. 2 is a plan view thereof with the cover removed. Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view on the line as, Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a detail. Fig. 5 is a bottom plan view of the cover and its adjuncts. Fig. (3 is a detached view of the stationary head.
Referring to the drawings, A designates the sprinkler as an entirety; a, a pipe-section having a Tjoint, into which opens a hose, as a, for supplying water, while in the lower portion of this coupling is secured a supportingrod a by which the sprinkler can be positioned at any desirable point, the lower end of said rod being reduced, so that it can be readily stuck into the soil or ground.
B is the stationary head, mounted 011 the upper end of pipe a. This head is in the form of a disk having an upper circumferential flange b, forming a surrounding passageway b. At one side this flange is cut away to form an outlet b flange and the lower opening h in which the pipe a is screwed, is an inner flange 12 in which is formed an opening Z1 to allow water from the pipe to enter the passage-way b.
C is a disk designed to fit snug down on the flange 11 against which it is firmly held by screws cl, screwing down into threaded holes in the bottom of head B, said holes not passing entirely through the latter. This disk for about one-third of its circumference is widened, as at d, the widened portion extend- Ooncentric with this ing over the passage-way Z) and fitting snug against the flange b for one-half the circumference of the latter. One end of this widened portion has a depending flange diwhich closes the passageway at that point, the other end being open to allow of the free outflow of water.
D is a rotary head inclosing the stationary head and loose to revolve around the latter under the action of the water discharged therefrom. This rotary head embodies a cylindrical box a and a cover a, the latter being held to the former by nutted bolts 6 In the bottom of box 6 is a hole 6 to accommodate a boss or enlargement on pipe a, permitting the box to freely rotate, said box being pivoted by a short stud 6, extending from the top of disk 0 and fitting in a circular recess in the bottom of cover 6. In an opening in the cylindrical flange of this head is fitted a plate 9, having numerous holes 6' to allow of the discharge of water as the head is rotated, or said holes may be formed direct in said flange.
E E are two blades or wings mounted at right angles to one another on the ends of a shaft f, loosely mounted in the cover 6, pockets or recesses f being formed in the latter to accommodate said wings or blades. As one of the latter is closed into its pocket the other is lowered into the passageway b by the rocking of shaft f. This shaft is thus caused to partially rotate when either of the blades or wings engages a curved in g f projectin g upwardly from the bottom of passageway Z), said lug being adjacent to the closed end of the widened portion (Z.
The shaft f is so mounted on the cover that as one blade is closed into its pocket upon engagement with the lug f the other blade, as it clears the open end of said widened portion d, is lowered into the passage-Way b, so as to receive the force of the water discharged by the stationary head. In this way the rotary head is constantly rotated, and the water is discharged therefrom through the series of holes in the cylindric flange.
From what has been said the advantages of my invention will be readily understood. Itwill be noted that as the Water is discharged from the stationary head into the circular passage-way thereof it will in traveling to its outlet engage one of the blades depending in said passage-way and cause the rotation of the rotary head, the water leaving the latter through its outlet-holes. A sprinkler thus constructed is extremely simple and inexpensive and not liable to get out of order. Another advantage is that there is no waste of water, and the sprinkler can operate under a small force or supply.
I claim as my invention 1. Asprinklercomprisingastationaryhead into which the Water-pipe opens, said head having inlet and outlet openings, and a rotary head inclosing said form er head and carrying pivotally-mounted blades or win gs designed to be alternately lowered into the line of passage of the water to said outlet, as set forth.
2. A sprinkler comprising a stationary head into which the water-pipe opens, said head having a circular passage-Way, a bridge over a portion of said passage-way, and a water inlet and outlet, and a rotary head inclosing said former head and pivoted blades carried by said rotary head and designed to be alter-, nately lowered into said passage-way, substantially as set forth.
3. A sprinkler comprising a stationary head into which the water-pipe opens, said head having inlet and outlet openings, a rotary head inclosing said stationary head, a shaft carried by said rotary head, and blades or wings on the ends of said shaft at right angles to each other, as and for the purpose stated.
4. A sprinkler comprising a stationary head into which the water-pipe opens, said head having a circular passage-Way and an inlet and outlet for the water, a flange over a por tion of said passage-way, a rotary head inclosing said stationary head having pockets orrecesses, and a rock-shaft mounted in said cover and having wings or blades on its ends arranged at right angles to each other, substantially as set forth.
5. A sprinkler comprising a stationary head into which the water-pipe opens, said head having inner and outer concentric flanges with cut-aways forming inlet and outlet openings for the water, and a circular passageway, a disk secured to said inner flange having a flange extended over a portion of said passage-way, a stud or post extending from said disk, a rotary head comprising a cylindric box having outlet-holes, a cover, a rockshaft mounted on said cover, blades or wings on the ends of said shaft at right angles to one another, said cover having a hole to accommodate said stud or post, and a lug in said passage-way designed to effect the turning of said shaft, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof I have signed this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
JOSEPH ll. SMITH.
\Vitnesses:
WM. S. Honors, Jos. H. BLACKWOOD.
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2852309A (en) * 1956-06-14 1958-09-16 Charles C English Lawen sprinkler
US3174690A (en) * 1962-08-17 1965-03-23 Groove & Welter Lawn sprinkler or the like
US5526982A (en) * 1993-12-23 1996-06-18 The Toro Company Adjustable sprinkler nozzle

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2852309A (en) * 1956-06-14 1958-09-16 Charles C English Lawen sprinkler
US3174690A (en) * 1962-08-17 1965-03-23 Groove & Welter Lawn sprinkler or the like
US5526982A (en) * 1993-12-23 1996-06-18 The Toro Company Adjustable sprinkler nozzle

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