US581595A - Sleigh - Google Patents

Sleigh Download PDF

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US581595A
US581595A US581595DA US581595A US 581595 A US581595 A US 581595A US 581595D A US581595D A US 581595DA US 581595 A US581595 A US 581595A
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sleigh
runners
sections
front
body
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62BHAND-PROPELLED VEHICLES, e.g. HAND CARTS, PERAMBULATORS; SLEDGES
    • B62B13/00Sledges with runners
    • B62B13/02Sledges with runners characterised by arrangement of runners
    • B62B13/06Sledges with runners characterised by arrangement of runners arranged in two or more parallel lines
    • B62B13/08Sledges with runners characterised by arrangement of runners arranged in two or more parallel lines with steering devices
    • B62B13/12Sledges with runners characterised by arrangement of runners arranged in two or more parallel lines with steering devices with tilting or bending runners
    • B62B13/125Sledges with runners characterised by arrangement of runners arranged in two or more parallel lines with steering devices with tilting or bending runners the runners being bent in the shape of the curve to follow

Description

(No Model.)

A. W. KO'SKI. SLEIGH.

No. 581,595. Patented Apr. 27. 1897.

5 W JnZ eWI KKOSJ W States Patent rricn,

ANDRE\V XVILHELM KOSKI, OF SCOFIELD, UTAH.

SPECIFICATZGII forming part of Letters Eatent No. 581,595, dated April 27, 1897.

Application filed January '7, 1897.

T ctZZ whom it may cone-err Be it known that 1, ANDREW iVILHELTvI KOSKI, a citizen of the United States, residing at Scofield, in the county of Carbon and State of Utah, have invented a new and useful Sleigh, of which the following is a specification.

The invention relates to improvements in sleighs.

The object of the present invention is to improve the construction of that class of sleighs which are adapted to be propelled by the occupant and to provide one which may be of fectually guided by the feet of the operator.

The invention consists in the construction and novel combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and pointed out in the claims hereto appended.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of a sleigh constructed in accordance with this invention. Fig. 2 is alongitudinal sectional view of the same. Figs. 3 and t are transverse sectional views. Fig. 5 is a detail perspective view of the steering-lever.

Like numerals of reference designate corresponding parts in all the figures of the drawings.

1 designates a sleigh having its runners 2 composed of rigid rear sections 3 and pivoted front sections a, and the rear sections are connected with the body of the sleigh in the usual manner by knees or supports 5.

The rear terminals of the front sections 4 are connected to the rigid sections 3 by pivots 6, and the upper or front terminals of the scctions 4 are similarly secured to the front of the sleigh by pivots 7. The pivotal connections of the frontsect-ions of the runners permit the latter to be shifted laterally of the sleigh to change the direction thereof, and they are caused to move simultaneously in the same direction by a cross-bar S, which connects the front sections between their ends.

The sleigh is guided by a substantially T- shaped steering-lever 9, consisting of a head fulcrumed on a pivot and a stem extending through an opening of the front of the sleiglrbody and engaging an eye or opening of the transverse bar 8. The pivot 10 is Serial No. 618,330. (llo model.)

' mounted on the interior of the sleigh-body,

and the stcering-leveris provided at the center of its head with an eye 12, receiving the said pivot. The operator by pressing forward on either side of the head of the steering-lever swings the forwardly-extending stem of the same laterally, and thereby moves the front sections of the runners in the same direction. 3y this construction the sleigh may be guided in any direction.

The movable front sections of the runners are supported by an arched brace 13, consisting of a transverse top portion, which is arranged in suitable guides 11, and depending sides which are secured at their lower ends to the upper faces of the front sections of the runners.

The sleigh is propelled by means of an 0scillating hand-lever 15, which is fulcrnmed between its ends in the slot of the bottom of the body of the sleigh, and its lower end is connected by a pitman 16 with a crank-shaft 17. The crank-shaft, which is journaled in suitable bearings of inclined supports 18, carries a spur gear-wheel 19, which meshes with a pinion 20 of a transverse shaft 21. The transverse shaft 21 is also journaled in suitable bearings of the supports 18, and it carries propellers 22. The propellers consist of wheels provided with blades adapted to engage the snow or ice and force the sleigh forward, and the sleigh maybe geared to any desired speed.

It will be seen that the sleigh may be readily guided by the feet of the operator, and his hands are left free to be employed for propelling the sleigh.

\Vhat I claim is 1. The combination of a sleigh having runners provided with movable front sections, a cross-piece connecting the front sections of the runners, and a T-shaped steering-lever fulcrumed within the body of the sleigh and arranged to swing horizontally, said lever being extended through the front of the sleigh. and loosely engaging the said cross-piece, substantially as described.

52. The combination of a sleigh provided with runners having movable front sections pivoted at their terminals to the front of the sleigh and to the rear portions or sections of the runners, and means for operating the movable sections of the runners, substan tially as described.

3. The combination of a sleigh having runners provided with movable front sections pivoted at their terminals, a cross-piece connecting the front sections of the runners, a vertical pivot mounted on the body of the sleigh, and a T-shaped steering-lever mounted on the pivot, arranged to swing horizontally and loosely connected with the crosspiece, Wherebythe runners are shifted laterally when the steering-lever is swung horizontally, substantially as described.

4. In a sleigh, the combination of a body, runners composed of rigid rear sections, and

movable front sections pivoted to the rear sections and to the body of the sleigh, a guide mounted on the bottom of the body, a substantially U -shaped brace connecting the movable sections of the runners, arranged in the said guide and supporting the front portion of the body, and steering mechanism connected with the movable sections of the runners, substantially as described.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two Witnesses.

ANDREXV \VILHELM KOSKI.

\Vitnesses:

A. MAKI, ANDRU SEMBI.

US581595D Sleigh Expired - Lifetime US581595A (en)

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