US579418A - bookwaltee - Google Patents

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Publication number
US579418A
US579418A US579418DA US579418A US 579418 A US579418 A US 579418A US 579418D A US579418D A US 579418DA US 579418 A US579418 A US 579418A
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Prior art keywords
nozzle
blade
casing
seen
hydraulic
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING WEIGHT AND MISCELLANEOUS MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER; OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B11/00Parts or details not provided for in, or of interest apart from, the preceding groups, e.g. wear-protection couplings, between turbine and generator
    • F03B11/004Valve arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/14Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means with multiple outlet openings; with strainers in or outside the outlet opening
    • B05B1/18Roses; Shower heads
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING WEIGHT AND MISCELLANEOUS MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER; OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B1/00Engines of impulse type, i.e. turbines with jets of high-velocity liquid impinging on blades or like rotors, e.g. Pelton wheels; Parts or details peculiar thereto
    • F03B1/04Nozzles; Nozzle-carrying members
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING WEIGHT AND MISCELLANEOUS MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER; OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B15/00Controlling
    • F03B15/02Controlling by varying liquid flow
    • F03B15/20Controlling by varying liquid flow specially adapted for turbines with jets of high-velocity liquid impinging on bladed or like rotors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy
    • Y02E10/22Conventional, e.g. with dams, turbines and waterwheels
    • Y02E10/223Turbines or waterwheels, e.g. details of the rotor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy
    • Y02E10/22Conventional, e.g. with dams, turbines and waterwheels
    • Y02E10/226Other parts or details

Description

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1. P, M. BOOKWALTER.

HYDRAULIC NOZZLE.

No. 579,418. Patented Mar. 23, 1897.

J l y '5:

WITNESSES. I

f ATTORNE Y.

. 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

' (No Model.)

F. M. BOOKWALTER.

HYDRAULIC NOZZLE.

Patented Mar. 23, 1897.

INVENTOR WITNESSES A TTOHNE Y.

llivirn Stains arnnr union.

FRANCIS M. BOOKlVALTER, OF SPRINGFIELD, OHIO.

HYDRAULIC MUZZLE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 579,418, dated March 23, 1897.

Application filed January 6, 1896. serial No. 574,477. (No model.)

To coZZ whom, it may concern:

Be it known that I, 'FRANoIs M. BooKwAL- TER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Springfield, in the county of Clark and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Hydraulic Nozzles, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.

This invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in hydraulic nozzles.

The object of my invention is to provide a hydraulic nozzle designed especially, though not exclusively, for use in connection with water-wheels,particularly of the hurdy-gurdy type. This object is carried out by the construction and arrangement hereinafter fully described, and particularly pointed outin the claims.

In the accompanying drawings, on which like reference-letters indicate corresponding parts, Figure l is a vertical sectional view of a nozzle embodying myinvention, the section being taken on the line amof Fig. 2; Fig.2, a horizontal sectional view of such nozzle on the line 3 y of Fig. 1; Fig. 3, an end elevation of the mouth of the nozzle; Fig. 4., a transverse sectional view on the line a a of Fig. 2; Fig. 5, a similar sectional view on the line (L a of Fig. 2; Fig. 6, a similar view to Fig. 1, illustrating another form of reducing mechanism; Fig. 7, a similar view to Fig. 2, also illustrating such other form of reducing mechanism; and Fig. 8, an elevation of the discharge end of the nozzle, showing such modified form.

The letter A designates what may be termed the supply or feed pipe with which my nozzle will usually be used, and the letter B the nozzle proper, consisting of a casin g formed in one or more parts, but preferably of the sides 0 and D, top E, and bottom D, thus forming a rectangular structure in crosssection through bolts and nuts F, passing through the sides and securing the top and bottom thereto.

The nozzle is tapering in one direction, as seen in Figs. 2 and 7, and is secured to the pipe by flanges G and bolts and nuts H.

The sides 0 andD of the nozzle are formed with recesses I, which constitute bearings for the trunnions J of the reducing mechanism.

Thus the latter are oscillatory within the cas ing, turning on their trunnions.

From Figs. 2 and 4 it will be seen that the trunnions J are united to the plates or wings K, which constitute the reducing mechanism, by means of webs L, which webs snugly fit the inner surfaces of the top and bottom of the nozzle and so make practically water-tight joints. The trunnions snuglyin bearings I and further form such a joint. The wings or plates K are of the form shown, being tapering and fitting the top and bottom of the nozzle, as seen in Fig. 5 at M, while their inner surfaces more or less approach each a semicircle. hen these reducers are swung to bring their discharge ends together, the.

stream is smallest and will grow larger and larger in diameter as their said ends recede. Their said ends are also each provided with a flange O, which stands across the sides C and D of the nozzle and diverts leakage that might occur, so that such leakage will be thrown out of the way from the stream and not interfere with its symmetry. The inner ends of the reducers are connected each by a link P with a crossed head Q, on a handshaft R,

V which is mounted in the top and bottom of the nozzle and passes through the stuffing boX. S to prevent leakage. By turning the shaft R the reducers are operated to vary the size of the stream.

Referring to Sheet 2, Figs. 6 to 8, inclusive, it will be seen in that modification I employ but one wing K or a single reducer, utilizing the opposite wall D of the nozzle for such reducer to cooperate with in controlling the diameter of the stream. The construction is otherwise the same, however, as in the other figures. Thus it will be seen that I control the diameter of the stream by gradually contracting or enlarging it from a point well within the discharge end of the device and without any sudden or abrupt contraction of the discharge-orifice, a valuable feature in practice. Thus also it will be seen that I make the mountings of the reducers act as a cut-off to prevent escape of the water back of the reducers, or a single reducer, as the case may be. It will also be noticed that the operatingshaft is connected with the inner ends or end of the blade or blades, as the case may be, and that such blade or blades are ex tended inward beyond the pivot, so that the incline or taper which directs the water is rendered as little abrupt as possible.

Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. In a nozzle, the combination with a casing constituting the nozzle proper, of reducing mechanism in the form of a tapering blade having a trunnion substantially midway its length, said trunnion being mounted in a recess in the side wall of the casing, said blade being fitted snugly to the upper and lower walls of said casing, and an operating rockshaft mounted in the casing near the inner end of said blade, and connections between said rock-shaft and said inner end of the blade to control and adjust said blade by holding said inner end of said blade, and adjusting the same to and from the side walls of the 20 casing.

2. In a nozzle, the combination with a rectangular casing constituting the nozzle proper two of whose walls have recesses, of reducing mechanism consisting of two wings or blades with curved interiors and end flanges, with trunnions and webs mounted in and snugly fitted to said casing constituting a substantially water-tight joint, and a shaft mounted in said casing, with a cross-head and links connected to the inner ends of said wings or plates.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

FRANCIS M. BOOKWVALTER. Witnesses:

HORATIO J. FORGY, W. M. MCNAIR.

US579418D bookwaltee Expired - Lifetime US579418A (en)

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5127581A (en) * 1990-01-24 1992-07-07 Kioritz Corporation Fluid jetting pipe
US5524798A (en) * 1992-02-24 1996-06-11 Djs&T Limited Partnership Spray texturing nozzles having variable orifice
US5715975A (en) * 1992-02-24 1998-02-10 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing devices
US5921446A (en) * 1996-04-02 1999-07-13 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing systems and methods
US6000583A (en) * 1992-02-24 1999-12-14 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing devices
US6328185B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2001-12-11 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing device with deformable outlet member
US6883688B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2005-04-26 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing systems and methods
US7278590B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2007-10-09 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US7597274B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2009-10-06 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol assemblies for spray texturing
US7600659B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2009-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US20100301065A1 (en) * 1992-02-24 2010-12-02 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator Systems and Methods for Aerosol Wall Texturing
US8251255B1 (en) 2004-07-02 2012-08-28 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US8336742B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2012-12-25 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol systems and methods for dispensing texture material
US8342421B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2013-01-01 Homax Products Inc Texture material for covering a repaired portion of a textured surface
US8353465B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2013-01-15 Homax Products, Inc Dispensers for aerosol systems
US8551572B1 (en) 2007-04-04 2013-10-08 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US8580349B1 (en) 2007-04-05 2013-11-12 Homax Products, Inc. Pigmented spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods
US8844765B2 (en) 1993-03-12 2014-09-30 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US9156602B1 (en) 2012-05-17 2015-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Actuators for dispensers for texture material
US9156042B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2015-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for dispensing texture material using dual flow adjustment
US9248457B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2016-02-02 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for dispensing texture material using dual flow adjustment
US9382060B1 (en) 2007-04-05 2016-07-05 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with accelerated dry times
US9435120B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2016-09-06 Homax Products, Inc. Acoustic ceiling popcorn texture materials, systems, and methods
USD787326S1 (en) 2014-12-09 2017-05-23 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Cap with actuator
US9776785B2 (en) 2013-08-19 2017-10-03 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Ceiling texture materials, systems, and methods

Cited By (63)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5127581A (en) * 1990-01-24 1992-07-07 Kioritz Corporation Fluid jetting pipe
US8573451B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2013-11-05 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US5715975A (en) * 1992-02-24 1998-02-10 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing devices
US9845185B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2017-12-19 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material
US6000583A (en) * 1992-02-24 1999-12-14 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing devices
US6116473A (en) * 1992-02-24 2000-09-12 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing devices
US6276570B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2001-08-21 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing devices
US5524798A (en) * 1992-02-24 1996-06-11 Djs&T Limited Partnership Spray texturing nozzles having variable orifice
US6446842B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2002-09-10 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing devices
US6536633B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2003-03-25 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing device with variable outlet orifice
US6883688B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2005-04-26 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing systems and methods
US6905050B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2005-06-14 Homax Products, Inc. Nozzle assemblies for aerosol spray texturing devices
US7226001B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2007-06-05 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol assemblies for spray texturing
US7240857B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2007-07-10 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US7278590B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2007-10-09 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US7597274B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2009-10-06 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol assemblies for spray texturing
US7600659B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2009-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US7673816B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2010-03-09 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol assemblies for spray texturing
US20100116907A1 (en) * 1992-02-24 2010-05-13 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol assemblies for spray texturing
US20100116908A1 (en) * 1992-02-24 2010-05-13 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and Methods for Applying Texture Material to Ceiling Surfaces
US20100219261A1 (en) * 1992-02-24 2010-09-02 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol Assemblies for Spray Texturing
US20100301065A1 (en) * 1992-02-24 2010-12-02 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator Systems and Methods for Aerosol Wall Texturing
US7845523B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2010-12-07 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US20110132935A1 (en) * 1992-02-24 2011-06-09 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and Methods for Applying Texture Material to Ceiling Surfaces
US8028864B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2011-10-04 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US9181020B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2015-11-10 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US8313011B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2012-11-20 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US8317065B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2012-11-27 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US9079703B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2015-07-14 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US8985392B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2015-03-24 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US8887953B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2014-11-18 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US8505786B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2013-08-13 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US8701944B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2014-04-22 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US8584898B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2013-11-19 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US6328185B1 (en) 1992-02-24 2001-12-11 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing device with deformable outlet member
US8844765B2 (en) 1993-03-12 2014-09-30 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US5921446A (en) * 1996-04-02 1999-07-13 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texturing systems and methods
US8820656B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2014-09-02 Homax Products, Inc. Dispenser for aerosol systems
US8353465B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2013-01-15 Homax Products, Inc Dispensers for aerosol systems
US9132953B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2015-09-15 Homax Products, Inc. Dispenser for aerosol systems
US9187236B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2015-11-17 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol system for repairing a patched portion of a surface
US9248951B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2016-02-02 Homax Products, Inc. Texture material for covering a repaired portion of a textured surface
US8342421B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2013-01-01 Homax Products Inc Texture material for covering a repaired portion of a textured surface
US8251255B1 (en) 2004-07-02 2012-08-28 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US8561840B2 (en) 2004-07-02 2013-10-22 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US9004316B2 (en) 2004-07-02 2015-04-14 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US8622255B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2014-01-07 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol systems and methods for dispensing texture material
US8336742B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2012-12-25 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol systems and methods for dispensing texture material
US9004323B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2015-04-14 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol systems and methods for dispensing texture material
US9415927B2 (en) 2007-04-04 2016-08-16 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US8883902B2 (en) 2007-04-04 2014-11-11 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol dispensing systems and methods and compositions for repairing interior structure surfaces
US8784942B2 (en) 2007-04-04 2014-07-22 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US9580233B2 (en) 2007-04-04 2017-02-28 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US8551572B1 (en) 2007-04-04 2013-10-08 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US9592527B2 (en) 2007-04-05 2017-03-14 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with accelerated dry times
US9382060B1 (en) 2007-04-05 2016-07-05 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with accelerated dry times
US8580349B1 (en) 2007-04-05 2013-11-12 Homax Products, Inc. Pigmented spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods
US9248457B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2016-02-02 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for dispensing texture material using dual flow adjustment
US9156042B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2015-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for dispensing texture material using dual flow adjustment
US9156602B1 (en) 2012-05-17 2015-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Actuators for dispensers for texture material
US9435120B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2016-09-06 Homax Products, Inc. Acoustic ceiling popcorn texture materials, systems, and methods
US9776785B2 (en) 2013-08-19 2017-10-03 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Ceiling texture materials, systems, and methods
USD787326S1 (en) 2014-12-09 2017-05-23 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Cap with actuator

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