US578868A - Hans goldschmidt - Google Patents

Hans goldschmidt Download PDF

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US578868A
US578868A US578868DA US578868A US 578868 A US578868 A US 578868A US 578868D A US578868D A US 578868DA US 578868 A US578868 A US 578868A
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metals
aluminium
reaction
mixture
portion
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22BPRODUCTION AND REFINING OF METALS; PRETREATMENT OF RAW MATERIALS
    • C22B34/00Obtaining refractory metals
    • C22B34/30Obtaining chromium, molybdenum or tungsten
    • C22B34/32Obtaining chromium
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S164/00Metal founding
    • Y10S164/12Thermit
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S75/00Specialized metallurgical processes, compositions for use therein, consolidated metal powder compositions, and loose metal particulate mixtures
    • Y10S75/959Thermit-type reaction of solid materials only to yield molten metal

Description

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

HANS GOLDSOIIMIDT, OF ESSEN-ON-THE-RUHR, GERMANY.

METHOD OF PRODUCING METALS AND ALLOYS.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 578,868, dated March 16, 1897. Application filed December 14:, 1896. Serial No. 615,700. (No specimens.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, HANs GoLDscHMInr, a subject of the King of Prussia, German Emperor, and a resident of Essen-on-the-Ruhr, Province of the Rhine, Germany, have invented an Improved Method for the Production of Metals and Alloys, of which the following is an exact specification.

If metallic compounds containing oxygen, sulfur, or chlorin-for instance, oxids, sulfids, and chloridsare heated with aluminium, the respective metal is separated. If the aluminium has, perhaps, been used in excess, then there results an alloy of aluminium and the respective other metal. If different metals are reduced at a time, there is obtained an alloy of these metals, and said method may further, if desired, be employed for the production of an alloy of a metal or metals with a metalloid or metalloids.

The aluminium should be employed in a finely-pulverized state if the result is to be a success, and when the mixture of the pulverized aluminium and the compound to be reduced is heated up to the point of fusion there occurs a very energetic reaction. In consequence of the vehemence of the latter a certain quantity of the material is thrown out of the crucible before the reduction is finished, and that quantity, as well as the fuel consumed for heating the same, is lost for the useful effect of the process.

The purpose of my invention is to overcome described deficiencies, and I attain that object by causing the reaction to set in, not throughout the whole mass at a time, but only at one point or place of the mass. In other words, Iinitiate the reaction at a certain point or place of the mass and then cause it to proceed from the respective portion of the mass to the other or main portion of the same. Said initiating of the reaction may be performed, for instance, by igniting the mixture of pulverizeditlllminium 'an'doiie or the other of the compounds aforementioned (or, more precisely, a small portion of that mixture) by means of a blow-flame directed against that portion, or by means of a piece of sheet or band-magnesium that is put into that portion and is then ignited. I prefer, however, to make use of a. specialxignitinguniassfor initiating the reactioinufilld I employ for that purpose mixtures of aluminium with such combifiatioirso'r compounds that generate a great heat on being reduced. Such combinations or compounds must therefore be easily reducible, and I name as examples oxid of lead and baric peroxid, but similar oxids and peroxids may be used as well.

The igniting mass may either be loosely strewn upon the material or mixture to be put in reaction and may be ignited by a magnesium band or by a match, or it may be formed into balls or similar bodies by means of pressure or by aid of a suitable cementing medium, and a magnesium band may then be put into each of said balls or bodies. The latter are slightly pressed down upon and into the material or mixture to be put in reaction,and when ignited they transfer their own reaction easily upon said material or mixture. The reaction of the latter may be continued by adding fresh material to that contained in the crucible, and I prefer to press said fresh material into the shape of cubes, prisms, and the like.

The aluminium may well be replaced by a mixture or an alloy of aluminium and magnesium.

By making use of the improved method aforedescribed I am enabled to produce refractory metals, such as chromium, manganese, and the like in large quantities and on a commercial scale, and I can produce also alloys of such refractory metals as well as of a refractory metal with aluminium, and also of a refractory metal or metals with an alkali metal or metals, an earth alkali metal or metals, a rare earth or earths, and so on.

Having thus fully described the nature of this invention, What I desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is The method of producing metals and alloys from metallic compounds containing oxygen, sulfur, or chlorin, consisting in finely pulverizing the compound,mixing it with finely-pulverized metallic aluminium, heating a small portion of that mixture to initiate the reac tion of said portion,withont bringing the said In testimony whereof I have signed this portion out of contact With the remaining specification in the presence of two subsonbmain portion, and letting the reaction then ing witnesses.

transfer itself to said remaining main portion, HANS GOLDSOHMIDT. 5 causing a continuation of the process by the \Vitnesses:

heat developed by said initial reaction, as set W'M. ESSEMOEIN,

forth. ERNEST ANDRE.

US578868D Hans goldschmidt Expired - Lifetime US578868A (en)

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US578868A true US578868A (en) 1897-03-16

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2443315A (en) * 1944-08-23 1948-06-15 Metals Disintegrating Co Method of making abrasive articles
US2483803A (en) * 1946-11-22 1949-10-04 Norton Co High-pressure and high-temperature test apparatus

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2443315A (en) * 1944-08-23 1948-06-15 Metals Disintegrating Co Method of making abrasive articles
US2483803A (en) * 1946-11-22 1949-10-04 Norton Co High-pressure and high-temperature test apparatus

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