US57568A - Improvement in potato-diggers - Google Patents

Improvement in potato-diggers Download PDF


Publication number
US57568A US57568DA US57568A US 57568 A US57568 A US 57568A US 57568D A US57568D A US 57568DA US 57568 A US57568 A US 57568A
United States
Prior art keywords
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US57568A publication Critical patent/US57568A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current




    • A01D27/00Machines with both topping and lifting mechanisms
    • A01D27/02Machines with both topping and lifting mechanisms with rigid tools


" Specilication forming part of Letters Patent No. 57,568, dated August 28, 1866.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that l, GEORGE RAY, of Kinderhook, in the county of Columbia and State of New York, have invented certain new and usef'ul Improvements in Potato-Diggers; and I4 do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is a central vertical longitudinal section of a potato-digger constructed according to my invention. Fig. 2 is a plan or top view ofthe same. FiO. 3 is a side elevation of the same.
Similar letters of reference indicate correspondin g parts in all theignres.
This invention consists in a novel construction of a potato-digger, whereby the potatoes may be dug from the earth and separated from the soil with which they are intermingled much more thoroughly and efectually than by those heretofore in use, and whereby potatoes of different sizes are separated from each other and deposited in baskets or other suitable receptacles borne upon the machine, thus not only sorting the large from the small tubers, but also obviating the necessity of picking them up from the ground by hand, as has been required with the potatodiggers heretofore devised.
To enable others to understand the construction and operation of my invention, I will proceed to describe it with reference to the drawings.
A represents a horizontal frame, of wood or other suitable material, which sustains the working parts of the machine, and is itself supported by transverse axles Af, one of which is situated near each end ot' the aforesaid frame. These axles are furnished with supportingwheels At, of suitable size, the wheels upon the forward axle being loose thereon, while those upon the rearmost axle are provided with spring-1')awls a, which act upon ratchet-wheels a', secured upon the said rear axle at the inner side of the wheels Ait in such manner that as the machine is drawn forward the rotation of the said wheels A* rotates the said rear axle in order to operate the various 4workin g or moving parts of the apparatus, as will be hereinafter fully set forth, at the same time that by turning the pawls a out of contactwith the ratchet wheels a', the aforesaid rearmost wheels, Af, will be allowed to turn loosely upon their axle, as required in drawingthe machine from place to place when not in operation.
B indicates the tongue or draftpole by which the machine is drawn, and the forked rearmost end of which is pivoted to the foremost axle, A', as shown at at.
B is a rectangular horizontal frame, much shorter than the frame A, upon the forward portion of which it is placed, the said frame B being pivoted near its center to the said frame A by means of a vertical pin or pivot, b. A limited horizontal movement around the pivot b maybe communicated to theframe B through the agency of a lever, Bit, the end of which is turned upward into a vertical position, as shown at b', while its horizontal portion is made somewhat elastic. and is furnished with a downwardly-projecting spur, o, which fits into a notch formed in the upper edge of a transverse bar, bit, secured upon the frame A, in order to retain the frame B' in a position parallel with that of the frame A when required.
Torking in suitable bearings fixed upon the forward end of the frame B are two vertical shafts, cf, upon the upper ends of which are secured two horizontal gear-wheels, e, of equal size, which gear into each other and receive a rotary motion from a pulley, e', attached to one ofthe shafts above the gearwheel c thereof, and which is operated by a cross-belt, et, extending from a vertical pulley, f, secured upon a transverse shaft, j", situated at the central part of the frame A. At tached to the lower end of cach of the shafts c* are two horizontal curved blades or cutters, G.
O represents two cutters, situated somewhat in advance ofthe lower extremities of the vertical shafts ct, and which are stationary with reference to the other portions ofthe machine, and are designed to act as shear-edges for the rotating cutters O to cut against in cutting olf the potato-tops, as will be hereinafter more fully set forth. These cutters C are inclined at an angle toward each other, as shown more clearly in Fig. 2, and are supported by rods or bars fit, which extend downward from the frame Bl; and, furthermore, their inner ends are connected by a straight intermediate portion, g,which not only serves to connect and strengthen the said inner ends of the cutters C', but also furnishes bearings which steady the lower extremities of the shafts of. Attached to the upper side of the stationary cutters C is a narrow vertical guard, Git, the two sides of which slope back toward the sides and rear of the machine, as shown in the aforesaid Fig. 2.
Projecting downward from cach side of the frame B are two curved bars, IL, which are pivoted together at their lower ends, as shown at g, and the upper ends of which are spread apart, and are secured to the side of theframe B by means of pins or screws gif, the said upper ends of the bars h being furnished with any desired number of transverse holes, so that they may be raised or lowered when desired,
Supported at each side by the same pivots which unite the lower ends of the bars 7L is a shovel-plow, D,'the share of which projects forward from its central part, and has itstwo slides made sloping back toward the side and rear of the machine, as shown, at h' in Fig. 2. The point hit of the said shovelplow may be eitherl formed in one piece with the same, or be made detachable therefrom, if desired, and should be situated in line with the point or angle formed by the junction of the two sloping sides of the guard Git.
Projecting upward from each side of t heplow D is an upright bar, i. The upper ends ofthese bars vl are connected by links or short rods with short arms or levers j, one of which is attached to each end of a transverse rock-shaft,
jf, situated at the rearmost end of the fra-me B', and furnished with an upwardly-projecting lever, r, by means of which it is operated when desired. This rock-shaft jit is also furnished with a ratchet-wheel, 7a', whichis acted upon by a pawl, kit, to retain the rock-shaft in position when the lever lc is moved back to elevate the plow D and the forward part of the machine, as will be hereinafter set forth.
'The forward ends of thc short levers j are connected with the rearwardly-projecting ends of the forked rear portion of the draft-pole B by means of suitable. chains, as shown at fi', while the rcarmost ends are connected by chains a with the forward end of a tilting frame, F, situated at the rcarmost part ofthe frame A, as will be hereinafter fully set forth.
Extending back from each side of the plow D is an inclined arm or bracket, m, and extending transversely from one to the other of these brackets m arc two shafts, m', one near the outer and the other near the inner end ofthe said brackets, each shaft m being furnished at each end, at the inner sides of the brackets, with a toothed wheel, mit. An endless chain, a, passes over the toothed wheels mi at each side of the machine, and the two chains are connected by transverse rods or bars n in such a way that the said rodsand chains constitute an inclined endless apron situated in rear of the plow D, and the position of which is shown more clearly in Figs. l and 2, the aforesaid rods n being placed at such a distance apart as to prevent the potatoes from falling between them, at the same time that the passage of the dirt-between them is allowed.
n* is a small pulley secured upon one end of the rcarmost shaft, m', outside of the bracket m, and connected by a belt or chain, 0', with a large double-grooved pulley, 0', secured upon the rcarmost axle, A', in such manner that the rota-tion of the said axle will cause the revolution of the endless apron n n', with its upper surfacemoving toward the rear of the ma- Chilli).
or represents a plate of sheet metal or other suitable material, which is situated within the endless apron n n', and supported at its front and rear edges by the shafts m. Situated behind the'inclined endless apron n n', and at a lower level than the rear edge thereof, is a slotted horizontal shaking-screen, D,'the forward end of whichis supported bya forwardlyprojecting arm, p, which is attached to the under side of the rcarmost portion of the shovelplow Dv by means of a vertical pivot, p', and the rcarmost end of the said screenis furnished with an arched brace, pit, from which there projects upward an arm, r. This arm r is pivoted to a transverse bar, r', of the frame A, as shown at rt, and has its upper end forked and turned back in a horizontal position, as at s. -A cam-wheel, s', secured upon the shaft j", has its edge placed in this A forked end of the arm r, so that the rotation ofthe said shaft j" communicates a vibrating or shaking motion to the screen D. The screen is intended to be made of sheet metal,
and has its sides turned upward to prevent the potatoes being thrown laterally therefrom d uring the operation of the machine, furthermore, the screen being furnished with any desired number of longitudinal slots ot' such a size as to permit the passage through them of the dirt or4 earth, but not ot' the potatoes, the operation of the screen being substantially the same as if made of a series of longitudinal bars.
D* represents a horizontal transverseplate, which is situated in rear of and at a somewhat lower level than the screen D', the fbi-ward edge of the saidplate projecting somewhat underneath the rear edge of the screen D', as shown in Figs. 1 and 2. This plate Dit is suspended from the side of the frame A by means of vertical bars or arms sii, formed rigidly upon the ends of the said plate Dit.
E are two bars, which are fixed opposite each other upon the inner sides of the frame A, in rear of the screen D and plate Dt, the upper ends of the said bars beinginclined backward at a slight angle to a vertical position, as shownin Fig.1. Working in bearings formed respectively in the upper and lower ends of these bars E are two transverse shafts, t, the upper one of which is furnished at each end, inside of the bars E, with a toothed wheel, t',
while the lower one is furnished with plain pulleys or wheels t". These toothed wheels carry an endless apron formed b vtwo endless chains, a, and transverse rods u', extending from one of the said chains tothe other. Every third link of each chain is made triangular in its shape, as shown at uit, and the outer ends of the triangular links of the two chains heilig connected bytransversc rods c. The said rods c, with the rods u' behind them, and the triangular links aforesaid, constitute triangular buckets, which convey the potatoes from the plate Dit, as will be presently fully set forth. One end of the uppermost shaft t projects out beyond the bar E thereof, and is furnished with a gear-wheel, c', which gears into a larger geaiwvheel, uit, secured upon that end of the rear/axle, A', opposite that to which the pulley o' is secured. rlhe said gear-wheel o* also gears into a suitable pinion, ir, secured to the end of the shaft f' that carries the cam-wheel s' and pulleyf.
Situated upon the rearmost portion of the frame A, and pivoted thereto by transverse pivots in such manner that it may be tilted, when required, so as to elevate its rearmost end, is a supplemental horizontal frame, F, and formed in the rearniost portion of this frame F is a hopper, F', while situated iminediately over this hopperis a slotted screen, G, which is pivoted at its forward edge, near the center of the said edge, to the frame F by means of a vertical pin, ui', and has sides or lateraledges turned up in the saine manner as those of the screen or shaker D', and for thesame purpose. Projecting downward from the rear edge of this screen Gr, in line with the pin ze', is a forked spur, wt. A cam-wheel, G', has its edge fitted into this forked spur in such a way that its revolutions communicate a shaking or vibrating movement to the screen Gr, the said cani-wheel G' being` secured upon a transverse shaft, situated at the rearm ost portion of the frame F, and furnished at one end with a pulley, z', which is connected with the large pulley 0 by means of a beltor chain, 00'.. Formed underneath the rearmost end of the frame F, and suspended therefrom by suit able hangers or arms, is a horizontal platform, H, on which are placed two baskets, I and J, so that the potatoes which pass through the slots in the screen G fall into the basket l, and those which pass over the edge of the said screen fall into the basket J.
K is a spring-seat placed over the central portion of the frame A, and which is occupied by the driver when the machine is used.
Horses or'other suitable draft-animals being attached to the draft-pole B in the usual or in any suitable manner, the machine is drawn forward astiide of arow or drill of potato-plants, the rearinost wheels, Af, rotating the rear axle, A', which, acting through the pulleys,
gear-wheels, and belts hereinbetore described, causes the endless aprons n n' and u u' to revolve the screens D' and G to shake or vibrate and the sha-tts cit to rotate. As the machine is drawn along the guard C* parts the tops of the potato-plaiits, throwing them outward toward the cutters C', and the rotating cutters shear thein off between the said rotating cutters and the inclined sides of the stationary cutters C', the guard Gi' then throwing them out sidewise from the hills, in order that they may not he caught up by the machine, which would likely be clogged thereby. The plow D being drawn through the ground at such a depth as to pass underneath the potatoes and the soil immediately surrounding them, the potatoes and the soil with which they are intermingled are caused to pass upward and backward over the inclined surface of the row to the endless apron n a', which carries them back to the horizontal screen D and deposits them thereon,- the greater portion of the soil falling between the transverse rods n of the said endless apron, and passing along the inclined plate of to the ground. The shaking inotion ofthe screen D' then causes the greater portion of the remaining soil to pass down through the slots thereof, and causes the potatoes to passback and fall from the rearinost edge of the said screen upon the suspended plate Dt. As the endless apron ua' revolves, the triangular links uit, which constitute the ends of the triangular buckets thereof, strike the rearmost edge of the aforesaid plate D* and force it forward underneath the rear edge of the screen D', so that the said rear edge of the screen shoves the potatoes back from the plate Dit, whence they fall into the triangular buckets j ust mentioned, and are carried upward bythe apron a u' and deposited upon the screen G, the shaking motion of which causes the` smaller potatoes to pass through the slots in the said screen into the basket I, while those too large to pass through the said slots fall from the rear edge of the screen into the basket J. In case one or more hills should be out of line with the remainder of the row, the plow D may be turned laterally, to be made to pass under the saine, by pushing the upper part of the lever forward, so as to bring the spur c from the notch in the transverse har bit, and then turning the said lever sidewise, thus turning the fran'ie B' upon its vertical pivot b, and consequently the point of the plow toward one side or the other, as desired.
The depth to which the plow enters the ground is regulated by adjusting the bars h by means of the holes formed in their upper ends, as liereinbefore mentioned.
When it is required to turn the machine around, the lever lc is brought back, which raises the forward end of the machine, throwing the weight thereof upon the necks of the horses by which the saine is drawn, and, acting through the chains a", tilts the frame F so that. the rearinost end thereof, with the platform H, is also raised, as hereinbefore explained, at the sa-ine time that the arms or short levers j, acting through the links fit, bring back the upper ends of the bars i', thus turning the plow D upon its pivots g and elevating the point thereof, which being done, the pawl kit catches most Wheels A onl f beino on the 0round the machine may be turned around with as great ease and facility as any two-wheeled Vehicle.
What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. The horizontal rotating` cutters C, fixed cutters C', and guard Git, arranged in combination with each other and with the shovelploW D, substantially as herein set forth, for the purpose specified. 4
2. The suspended plate Dit, combined and in relation with the Vibrating screen D', and with the buckets ofthe endless elevating-apron u u', substantially as herein set'forth, for the purpose specified.
3. Theendless elevating-apron uit/,furnished with buckets, as described, and arranged,in relation With the Vibrating` screen G and the hopper F', substantially as herein set forth, for the purpose specified.
4. The arrangement of the platform H at the rearmost end of the machine, andin relation With the hopper F and vibrating.;` screen G, substantiallyT as herein set forth, for the purpose specified.
5. The suspension of the shovel-plow D from the Vertically-pivoted frame B', to enable the said plow to be turned laterally when desired, substantially as herein set forth.
(i. The lever 7c, short levers or arms j, links and chains f, arranged with reference to each other, and with the bars t' of the plow D and the rearwardly-projecting end of the draftpole B, substantially as herein set forth, for the purpose specified.
7. The supplemental tilting` frame F, sustainin g the platform H, and so arranged upon the rearmost end of the machine and combined with suitable operating mechanism that itsrearmost end Will be raised simultaneouslyr with the elevation of the forward end of the machine, substantially as herein set forth, for the purpose specified.
GEO. W. Hoxsrn, J AMES DUNN.
US57568D Improvement in potato-diggers Expired - Lifetime US57568A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US57568A true US57568A (en) 1866-08-28



Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US57568D Expired - Lifetime US57568A (en) Improvement in potato-diggers

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US57568A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030177645A1 (en) * 2002-02-07 2003-09-25 Franz Flury Power tool assembly and associated method of use in rescue situations
US20050111214A1 (en) * 2003-08-22 2005-05-26 Zeiler Jeffrey M. Power tool and accessory
US20050243805A1 (en) * 2004-04-30 2005-11-03 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. IP telephone system, IP telephone apparatus and calling method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030177645A1 (en) * 2002-02-07 2003-09-25 Franz Flury Power tool assembly and associated method of use in rescue situations
US20050111214A1 (en) * 2003-08-22 2005-05-26 Zeiler Jeffrey M. Power tool and accessory
US20050243805A1 (en) * 2004-04-30 2005-11-03 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. IP telephone system, IP telephone apparatus and calling method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US57568A (en) Improvement in potato-diggers
US616885A (en) Potato-harvester
US894675A (en) Machine for gathering and topping onions.
US630167A (en) Potato-digger.
US555401A (en) Potato-harvester
US267959A (en) wiltse
US316949A (en) Potato-digger
US1049340A (en) Potato-digger.
US1245526A (en) Potato-harvester.
US99968A (en) Improvement in grain harvesters and binders
US1240955A (en) Beet-harvester.
US66358A (en) F e n e y k e w l e y
US81636A (en) Potato digaer
US165342A (en) Improvement in potato-diggers
US509760A (en) Dotjgall
US104251A (en) Improvement in potato-diggers
US63659A (en) Improvement in potato jsiggeb
US81772A (en) Filliam g-keen
US1123514A (en) Potato-separator.
US86509A (en) Improvement in potato-digger
US79473A (en) Moses johnson
US612854A (en) Potato-digger
US441783A (en) Potato-digger
US777806A (en) Potato-digger.
US345936A (en) Potato-digger