US5657648A - Elastic fabric and method of making same - Google Patents

Elastic fabric and method of making same Download PDF

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Publication number
US5657648A
US5657648A US08521132 US52113295A US5657648A US 5657648 A US5657648 A US 5657648A US 08521132 US08521132 US 08521132 US 52113295 A US52113295 A US 52113295A US 5657648 A US5657648 A US 5657648A
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Grant
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Prior art keywords
fabric
bar
yarn
stitch
weft
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US08521132
Inventor
Robert K. Ives
Larry T. Mitchell, Jr.
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Beech Island Knitting Co
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Beech Island Knitting Co
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B21/00Warp knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B21/14Fabrics characterised by the incorporation by knitting, in one or more thread, fleece, or fabric layers, of reinforcing, binding, or decorative threads; Fabrics incorporating small auxiliary elements, e.g. for decorative purposes
    • D04B21/18Fabrics characterised by the incorporation by knitting, in one or more thread, fleece, or fabric layers, of reinforcing, binding, or decorative threads; Fabrics incorporating small auxiliary elements, e.g. for decorative purposes incorporating elastic threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2509/00Medical; Hygiene
    • D10B2509/02Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • D10B2509/028Elastic support stockings or elastic bandages

Abstract

An elastic web fabric and method for producing the same. The resulting fabric is curl-free and has bi-directional stretch of between about 50-125% stretch in the width direction and 50-200% stretch in the length direction. In the preferred embodiment, the fabric includes a center marker formed from a two-needle shift of two rubber yarns to provide a centering line to aid in assembly of a finished article. Also, in the preferred embodiment, the left top edge of the fabric has about six rubber yarns and the right top edge has about 5 rubber yarns to prevent curling to produce a fabric which is more easily cut and fabricated into the finished article.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

(1) Field of the Invention

The present invention relates generally to elastic web fabric and, more particularly, to an elastic web fabric with bidirectional stretch suitable for use in orthopedic wrap and athletic supporter pouch fabric.

(2) Description of the Prior Art

Most elastic web fabric manufactured for use in garments such as athletic supporter pouch fabrics are currently produced on a Lamb knitting machine which is a V-bed knitting machine originally developed in the 1920's to produce sweater collars. Such machines operate between 75-100 rpms producing only one piece of fabric per machine. Accordingly, to produce any substantial amount of fabric requires a number of machines operating continuously. On the other hand, modern crochet knitting machines operate substantially faster. For example, a crochet knitting machine can operate as high as 1100 or higher rpm which is over 10 times faster than a Lamb V-bed machine and, at the same time, can produce multiple fabric pieces.

One particularly well-known crochet machine is a Comez 800 Series flat bed knitting machine. While originally introduced in 1977 as the model 805 machine, it has evolved to the model 814 and now is known as the model 816 machine. This machine is available from Comez Machinery of Cilavegna, Italy. However, this machine uses bearded needles because at over about 1100 rpms, latch needles become inoperable. Such needles are not suitable for knitting large diameter elastic yarns as required for the present invention. In addition, material produced on such a machine normally does not have stretch in both the x and y directions and, like most knitted elastomeric material, the edges of the fabric curls.

Thus, there remains a need for a new and improved elastic web knitted fabric and method for producing the same which has bi-directional stretch, is curl-free and ravel resistant and, at the same time, can be produced at a substantially increased rate over conventional V-bed knitting machines and also produce multiple fabric pieces.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention is directed to an elastic web fabric and method for producing the same which is curl-free and has bi-directional stretch of between about 50-125% stretch in the width direction and 50-200% stretch in the length direction. In the preferred embodiment, the fabric includes a center marker formed from a two-needle shift of two rubber yarns to provide a centering line to aid in assembly of a finished article. Also, in the preferred embodiment, the left top edge of the fabric has about six rubber yarns and the right top edge has about 5 rubber yarns to prevent curling to produce a fabric which is more easily cut and fabricated into the finished article.

The fabric according to the present invention is knit on an improved crochet knitting machine normally having bearded needles. The improvement includes replacing the bearded needles with latch needles and adding a latch guide adjacent to the latch needles. A tricot cam is also installed. Finally, the lobes located in the guide pattern wheel of the machine are lengthened to increase the dwell time to prevent two-needle run-on during knitting.

The fabric according to the present invention includes an unique sequence. A first bar of weft yarn, which is the back bar, uses a 1-3/1-3 stitch and moves over two needles and repeats. A second bar, which is the rubber yarns, uses a 1-1/2-2 movement, two on one side of the needle and two on the other side. A third bar of weft yarn, which is the front bar, uses a 1-3/1-5 stitch to prevent warp yarn slippage. The fourth bar, which is the warp yarn, uses a tricot cam which uses an 0-1/1-2 stitch to give a lock stitch pattern.

Accordingly, one aspect of the present invention is to provide an improved crochet knitting machine normally having bearded needles. The improvement includes: (a) replacing the bearded needles with latch needles; (b) adding a latch guide adjacent to the latch needles; (c) installing a tricot cam; and (d) lengthening the lobes located in the guide pattern wheel of the machine to increase the dwell time to prevent two-needle run-on during knitting.

Another aspect of the present invention is to provide a knitted elastic fabric. The fabric includes: (a) a first bar of weft yarn, which is the back bar, and uses a 1-3/1-3 stitch and moves over two needles and repeats; (b) a second bar, which is the rubber yarns, and uses a 1-1/2-2 movement, two on one side of the needle and two on the other side; (c) a third bar of weft yarn, which is the front bar, and uses a 1-3/1-5 stitch to prevent warp yarn slippage; and (d) a fourth bar, which is the warp yarn, and uses a tricot cam which uses an 0-1/1-2 stitch to give a lock stitch pattern.

Still another aspect of the present invention is to provide a knitted elastic fabric. The fabric being curl-free and having bi-directional stretch of between about 50-125% stretch in the width direction and 50-200% stretch in the length direction.

These and other aspects of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art after a reading of the following description of the preferred embodiment when considered with the drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is front elevational view of a crochet knitting machine constructed according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged front elevational view of the machine shown in FIG. 1 utilizing latch needles and latch guides and a lengthened lobe for increased dwell time;

FIG. 3a is a stitch diagram illustrating bar number 1--weft yarn;

FIG. 3b is a stitch diagram illustrating bar number 2--covered rubber yarn;

FIG. 3c is stitch diagram illustrating bar number 3--weft yarn;

FIG. 3d is a stitch diagram illustrating bar number 4--warp yarn;

FIG. 4 is the top face of a knitted fabric constructed according to the present invention; and

FIG. 5 is the bottom face of the knitted fabric shown in FIG. 4.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

In the following description, like reference characters designate like or corresponding parts throughout the several views. Also in the following description, it is to be understood that such terms as "forward", "rearward", "left", "right", "upwardly", "downwardly", and the like are words of convenience and are not to be construed as limiting terms.

Referring now to the drawings in general and FIG. 1 in particular, it will be understood that the illustrations are for the purpose of describing a preferred embodiment of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention thereto. As best seen in FIG. 1, a crochet machine, generally designated 10, is shown adapted to construct the fabric according to the present invention. The crochet machine 10 includes a creel 12 for supporting a plurality of yarn packages 14 for supplying warp and weft yarn to the machine. Warp yarn is taken out from a beam of yarn ends 16. According to the present invention, the crochet machine 10 is modified to use a tricot cam which is operable to knit on more than one needle to produces an anti-ravel fabric and which has bi-directional stretch since the stitch is not locked all the way across.

As can be seen in FIG. 2, the normal bearded needles of a crochet machine have been replaced by latch needles 20, needle guides 22 and a latch bar 24. This modification normally would result in interference in operation and result in broken needles. However, in the present invention, the guide pattern wheels use specially modified lengthened lobes which increases the dwell time to prevent two-needle run-on and needle damage by increasing the dwell from about 18 degrees to about 26 degrees. The remainder of the operation of the crochet machine 10 is generally conventional with the weft threads 26 being fed through the inlay bars 30 and weft tubes 32. The warp yarn 34 is fed through the warp guide 36. The knitted fabric 40 then passes through the fabric take-down rollers 42 where it is then collected.

As best seen in FIGS. 3a-3d, bar 1 preferably includes either 100% cotton weft having 10 singles or 100% polyester having 200 denier or a 50/50 blend. Bar 2 is covered rubber yarns which is crocheted with a chain stitch without a weft yarn. Bar 3 is 100% cotton weft with 10 singles or 100% polyester 200 denier or a 50/50 blend similar to bar 1. Finally, bar 4 is a single 150 denier stretch polyester.

As can be seen, bar 1 weft yarn, which is the back bar, uses a 1-3/1-3 stitch threaded 1 in, 1 out. This moves over two needles and repeats. Bar 2, which is the rubber yarns, uses a 1-1/2-2 movement threaded 1 in, 1 out at the edge portions and 1 in, 1 out for the body of the fabric, two on one side of the needle and two on the other side. Bar 3 is the weft front bar and uses a 1-3/1-5 stitch threaded 1 in, 1 out, which prevents warp yarn slippage. Finally, bar 4, which is the warp yarn, uses a tricot cam which uses an 0-1/1-2 stitch fully threaded on every needle to give a lock stitch pattern. Preferably, a 92-needle setup is used with 32 ends of rubber yarns. However, 110-needle 40-end rubber yarns and other combinations could also be used.

As best seen in FIGS. 4-5, six rubber yarns are used on one end, a two-needle shift is used in the center to provide a centering line and five rubber yarns are used on the right-hand side of the center. These edges using six rubber yarns on the left and five rubbers on the right are the same width but prevents curling in combination with a balanced upper and top and back face of the fabric. This produces a fabric which is more easily cut and fabricated into a final article. In fact, since the fabric lays flat, this increases the efficiency of assembly up to 30%. In addition, the addition of the center needle pattern acts as a center marker to aid in assembly of the material when used for an athletic supporter or similar garments.

The resulting knitted fabric is ravel-resistant because of the tricot knit, curl-free because of the flex knit and rubber yarns construction, and has 50-125% stretch in the width direction, 50-200% stretch in the length direction when tested according to a standard stretch chart. Also, because of the balance of the knit structure, the resulting fabric has a much higher drape value when compared to conventional fabric knitted on a V-bed knitting machine. And, as discussed above, the center marker design allows the fabric to be easily assembled because the closeness of the two rubber yarns acts as a marker indicating the center of the fabric, especially for producing athletic supporters. After knitting, the yarn is heat-set at 250°-300° F. This results in a shrinkage of 3-5% which is acceptable. The first and/or third bar may include a 50/50 blend of cotton weft having ten singles and polyester weft having 200 denier.

In the preferred embodiment, the construction of the elastic web knitted fabric produced according to the present invention includes a fiber content of textured polyester with the elastomer being of extruded or synthetic rubber yarns. The resulting fabric has a bi-directional stretch of 130%±20 and shrinkage in the range less than 5%.

Because of the high output of the modified crochet knitting machine and the improved handleability of the resulting fabric, material constructed according to the present invention is more economical than the prior art fabric, both in manufacture and in assembly.

Certain modifications and improvements will occur to those skilled in the art upon a reading of the foregoing description. By way of example, a variety of deniers or counts of different synthetic or natural yarns may be substituted. Also, it is expected that additional modifications would allow beard or compound needles to be used. Finally, yarn may be supplied to the needles from the warp or weft positions. It should be understood that all such modifications and improvements have been deleted herein for the sake of conciseness and readability but are properly within the scope of the following claims.

Claims (12)

We claim:
1. A knitted elastic fabric having a fabric stitch sequence comprising:
(a) a first bar of weft yarn, which is a back bar, and knitted using a 1-3/1-3 stitch and which is threaded 1 in, 1 out;
(b) a second bar, which is a rubber yarn, and knitted using a 1-1/2-2 stitch threaded 1 in, 1 out for side portions and 1 in, 2 out for any remaining portion;
(c) a third bar of weft yarn, which is a front bar, and knitted using a 1-3/1-5 stitch and which is threaded 1 in, 1 out to prevent warp yarn slippage; and
(d) a fourth bar, which is a warp yarn, and knitted using a tricot cam using an 0-1/1-2 stitch threaded on every needle to give a lock stitch pattern.
2. The fabric according to claim 1, wherein said first bar includes 100% cotton weft having 10 singles.
3. The fabric according to claim 1, wherein said first bar includes 100% polyester weft having 200 denier.
4. The fabric according to claim 1, wherein said first bar includes a 50/50 blend of cotton weft having 10 singles and polyester weft having 200 denier.
5. The fabric according to claim 1, wherein said second bar is covered rubber yarns which is crocheted with a chain stitch without a weft yarn.
6. The fabric according to claim 1, wherein said third bar includes 100% cotton weft having 10 singles.
7. The fabric according to claim 1, wherein said third bar includes 100% polyester weft having 200 denier.
8. The fabric according to claim 1, wherein said third bar includes a 50/50 blend of cotton weft having 10 singles and polyester weft having 200 denier.
9. The fabric according to claim 1, wherein said four bar is a single 150 denier stretch polyester.
10. The fabric according to claim 1, wherein a 92-needle setup is used with 32 ends of rubber yarns.
11. The fabric according to claim 1, wherein a 110-needle setup is used with 40 ends of rubber yarns.
12. A method for forming a knitted elastic fabric, said method comprising the steps of providing and knitting together:
(a) a first bar of weft yarn, which is a back bar, and using a 1-3/1-3 stitch threaded 1 in, 1 out;
(b) a second bar, which is a rubber yarn, and using a 1-1/2-2 stitch threaded 1 in, 1 out for side portions and 1 in, 2 out for any remaining portion;
(c) a third bar of weft yarn, which is a front bar, and using a 1-3/1-5 stitch threaded 1 in, 1 out to prevent warp yarn slippage; and
(d) a fourth bar, which is a warp yarn, and using a tricot cam which uses an 0-1/1-2 stitch threaded on every needle to give a lock stitch pattern.
US08521132 1995-08-29 1995-08-29 Elastic fabric and method of making same Expired - Lifetime US5657648A (en)

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US08895318 US5765401A (en) 1995-08-29 1997-07-16 Knitting machine for construction of elastic fabric

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2002019945A3 (en) * 2000-09-07 2002-05-10 American Med Syst Coated sling material
US6592515B2 (en) 2000-09-07 2003-07-15 Ams Research Corporation Implantable article and method
WO2003097914A2 (en) * 2002-05-17 2003-11-27 Houston Hosiery Mills, Inc. Circular knitting machine
US20040016444A1 (en) * 2002-07-25 2004-01-29 Mitchell Larry T. Cleaning cloth having rubber yarn rib elements knitted therein
US6698252B1 (en) * 2001-08-06 2004-03-02 Guilford Mills, Inc. Snag-resistant matte-effect warp-knitted textile fabric for activewear apparel
US20040222745A1 (en) * 2003-05-06 2004-11-11 Zond, Inc. Generation of Uniformly-Distributed Plasma
US20050112975A1 (en) * 2003-11-24 2005-05-26 Mcmurray Brian L. Functional double-faced performance warp knit fabric, method of manufacturing, and products made there from
US7707857B1 (en) 2005-10-13 2010-05-04 Mcmurray Fabrics, Inc. Double faced weft-knit textile article
US7788953B1 (en) 2005-10-13 2010-09-07 Mcmurray Fabrics, Inc. Double faced weft-knit textile article
US8726700B2 (en) 2010-08-03 2014-05-20 Global Trademarks, Llc Fabric with equal modulus in multiple directions
US20140230118A1 (en) * 2011-10-27 2014-08-21 Takenaka Seni Co., Ltd. Warp knitted fabric manufacturing method, warp knitted fabric, and work clothes

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6735988B1 (en) 2002-03-27 2004-05-18 Honeycutt Larry W Cotton footie and stocking
CN104060386B (en) * 2014-05-13 2016-04-27 江南大学 An apparatus and method for preventing curling of the fabric weft-sided

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US3314251A (en) * 1967-04-18 Elastic fabric
US2747392A (en) * 1954-06-22 1956-05-29 Sadinoff Max Open-mesh fabric
US3733859A (en) * 1970-09-04 1973-05-22 Darlington Fabrics Corp Warp knit elastic fabric
US3710599A (en) * 1970-12-03 1973-01-16 Int Stretch Prod Inc Warp knit combination elastic fabric having integrally knit two-way stretch and one-way stretch portions, and method of making such fabric
US4003224A (en) * 1976-04-12 1977-01-18 Stedman Corporation Warp knit elastic fabric having ravel resistant features
US4100770A (en) * 1976-10-28 1978-07-18 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Process and nonraveling knit tubular products having axial stretch
US4215684A (en) * 1977-09-16 1980-08-05 Lohmann Gmbh & Co. Kg Permanent elastic net-shaped bandage, especially for medical purposes
US4331135A (en) * 1979-10-26 1982-05-25 Lohmann Gmbh & Co. Kg Permanently elastic network bandage
US4909049A (en) * 1983-03-16 1990-03-20 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Bielastic, warp-knit fabric and its production
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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7025063B2 (en) 2000-09-07 2006-04-11 Ams Research Corporation Coated sling material
US6592515B2 (en) 2000-09-07 2003-07-15 Ams Research Corporation Implantable article and method
US9022921B2 (en) 2000-09-07 2015-05-05 Ams Research Corporation Implantable article and method
US8905912B2 (en) 2000-09-07 2014-12-09 Ams Research Corporation Implantable article and method
US8702586B2 (en) 2000-09-07 2014-04-22 Ams Research Corporation Implantable article and method
US20040054253A1 (en) * 2000-09-07 2004-03-18 Snitkin Eva S. Coated sling material
US8147478B2 (en) 2000-09-07 2012-04-03 Ams Research Corporation Coated sling material
US6884212B2 (en) 2000-09-07 2005-04-26 Ams Research Corporation Implantable article and method
US7517313B2 (en) 2000-09-07 2009-04-14 Ams Research Corporation Implantable article and method
WO2002019945A3 (en) * 2000-09-07 2002-05-10 American Med Syst Coated sling material
US9211177B2 (en) 2000-09-07 2015-12-15 Ams Research Corporation Implantable article and method
US6698252B1 (en) * 2001-08-06 2004-03-02 Guilford Mills, Inc. Snag-resistant matte-effect warp-knitted textile fabric for activewear apparel
WO2003097914A3 (en) * 2002-05-17 2005-05-12 Houston Hosiery Mills Inc Circular knitting machine
WO2003097914A2 (en) * 2002-05-17 2003-11-27 Houston Hosiery Mills, Inc. Circular knitting machine
US6948342B2 (en) 2002-05-17 2005-09-27 Houston Hoslery Mills, Inc. Circular knitting machine
US20040016444A1 (en) * 2002-07-25 2004-01-29 Mitchell Larry T. Cleaning cloth having rubber yarn rib elements knitted therein
US7013679B2 (en) 2002-07-25 2006-03-21 Beech Island Knitting Company Cleaning cloth having rubber yarn rib elements knitted therein
US20040222745A1 (en) * 2003-05-06 2004-11-11 Zond, Inc. Generation of Uniformly-Distributed Plasma
US7465683B2 (en) 2003-11-24 2008-12-16 Mcmurray Brian L Functional double-faced performance warp knit fabric, method of manufacturing, and products made there from
US20050112975A1 (en) * 2003-11-24 2005-05-26 Mcmurray Brian L. Functional double-faced performance warp knit fabric, method of manufacturing, and products made there from
US7788953B1 (en) 2005-10-13 2010-09-07 Mcmurray Fabrics, Inc. Double faced weft-knit textile article
US7707857B1 (en) 2005-10-13 2010-05-04 Mcmurray Fabrics, Inc. Double faced weft-knit textile article
US8726700B2 (en) 2010-08-03 2014-05-20 Global Trademarks, Llc Fabric with equal modulus in multiple directions
US20140230118A1 (en) * 2011-10-27 2014-08-21 Takenaka Seni Co., Ltd. Warp knitted fabric manufacturing method, warp knitted fabric, and work clothes
US8915101B2 (en) * 2011-10-27 2014-12-23 Takenaka Seni Co., Ltd. Warp knitted fabric manufacturing method

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Owner name: BEECH ISLAND KNITTING COMPANY, GEORGIA

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