US563994A - witheeell - Google Patents

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US563994A
US563994A US563994DA US563994A US 563994 A US563994 A US 563994A US 563994D A US563994D A US 563994DA US 563994 A US563994 A US 563994A
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work
spindle
cam
lever
bar
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/44Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms
    • B23Q1/56Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism
    • B23Q1/60Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism
    • B23Q1/62Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism with perpendicular axes, e.g. cross-slides
    • B23Q1/621Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism with perpendicular axes, e.g. cross-slides a single sliding pair followed perpendicularly by a single sliding pair
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B3/00General-purpose turning-machines or devices, e.g. centre lathes with feed rod and lead screw; Sets of turning-machines
    • B23B3/30Turning-machines with two or more working-spindles, e.g. in fixed arrangement
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/51Plural diverse manufacturing apparatus including means for metal shaping or assembling
    • Y10T29/5168Multiple-tool holder
    • Y10T29/5173Longitudinally and transversely movable

Description

(No Model.) 2 SheetsShee.t 1.
G. E. WITHERBLL. MACHINE FOR MAKING SCREWS OR THE LIKE.
Elm-563,994. Patented July 14, 1896.
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
G. B. WITHERE-LL. MACHINE FOR MAKING SCREWS OR THE LIKE. No. 563,994.
Patented July 14, 1896.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
GEORGE E. W'ITHERELL, OF HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNOR TO THE HARTFORD MACHINE SCREW COMPANY, OF SAME PLACE.
MACHINE FOR MAKING SCREWS OR THE LIKE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 563,994, dated July 14, 1896.
Application filed March 27, 1894:-
To' all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, GEORGE E.WITHERELL, a citizen of the United States, residing at Hartford, in the county of Hartford and State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Machines for Making Screws or the Like, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description,whereby any one skilled in the art can make and use the same.
My invention relates to the class of machines used for the production of screws, screw-nuts, and other small articles, and particularly to machines of this class in which the work is rotated about its axis and the various tools are by suitable mechanism fed to and moved away from the work.
The object of my invention is to provide a machine of this class in which a number of A tool-holders provided with suitable tools for performing the work required may be arranged to be moved across the line of the axis of the work to bring them successively into alinement with such axis and when in this position to be fed up to the Work to perform the operation required and then moved away, the mechanism for causing these actions of the tool-holders being automatic in its operation and so timed each with the other that each step shall be performed at the required time.
To this end my invention consists in the details of the several parts making up the device as a whole and in the combination of such parts, as more particularly hereinafter described, and pointed out in the claims.
Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 is a view in side elevation, partly in vertical longitudinal section, and showing so much of a machine as relates directly to my invention. Fig. 2 is an end view in elevation, partly in section, of that portion of the machine shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a diagram view showing the relative location of the driving-spindle and tool-holders.
In the accompanying drawings the toolholders are shown mounted in a verticallylnovable slide, which is raised and lowered by means of suitable mechanism to bring the tool-holders successively into operative position, a longitudinally-movable rod or bar be- Serial No. 505,356. (No model.)
ing provided for feeding the tools to the work, this mechanism being mounted upon one end of a table or bed; and only so much of the machine as is necessary to a proper understanding of my invention is herein shown, it being understood that the Work is to be rotated in both directions by suitable wellknown mechanism, said work-holding device and rotating mechanism being included in that part of the machine not shown in the drawings.
In said drawings the letter a denotes a portion of the frame of the machine, in which is supported in suitable bearings the main shaft b, on which the various operating-cams are fixed.
The letter 0 denotes a bracket or head rigidly secured upon the table a and provided with a suitable guide 0 on which a slide cl is arranged to be moved across the line of the axis of the work. The slide 01 is held down byaspring e and is provided with an arm d, which extends downwardly through an aperture in the table a and is furnished with an antifriction-roller d This roller bears against the peripheral surface of a cam f, fixed on the shaft Z).
The letters g and h denote two rods or spindles mounted parallel to each other in the slide d, so that they may be freely moved longitudinally therein. These spindles are provided with sockets g h, respectively, to receive drills, taps, or other tools. hen, for example, as in the manufacture of screw-nuts or the like, a longitudinal hole is to be drilled and tapped in the work, the drill is secured in the tool-holder g and the tap in a toolholder 71,. The said spindles g and hare provided with springs g and k whereby they are held in the position shown relatively to the slide d. An adjusting-screw d is fitted in the head 0, whereby the position of the slide, when lowered, may be so determined that the spindle 71 will be in line with the axis of the work. For feeding the tools successively to the work I provide a rod or bar j, fitted to slide longitudinally in the head 0 and arranged to be operated by a cam 70 on the shaft 1) through the medium of a lever Z, pivoted at Z- and provided with an antifriction-roller Z bearing against the said cam.-
The other end of the said lever works in a slot j in the bar j. Any convenient device, such, for instance, as a feather working in a slot, may be employed to prevent rotation of the said bar about its axis while permitting longitudinal movement thereof. This bar is provided with an arm j in which is secured an adj Listing-screw m for limiting the travel of the bar j, and an adjustable pin a, provided with a milled head it, and which, when the slide (Z is in its lowermost position, is in line with the spindle h. The barj is also provided with a springj for effecting its return movement.
The adjusting-screw m is provided for the purpose of aifording a finer adjustment for determining the extent of inward movement of the spindles g and it than can be'had from the use of a cam or cams operating on a lever, for the reason that the cams will vary to a greater or less extent and the lever will have more or less spring action. In use the adj ustingscrew is set so as to allow the cams to pass the end of the lever with considerable pressure.
The drilling-spindle g is rest-rained from rotation by means of a pin working in a longitudinal groove in the head 0 or by other suitable means. This spindle is provided with an adjusting-screw g for determining the dept-h of the hole to be drilled by regulating the distance through which the pin or red 7t must be moved before it encounters the end of the spindle g. To limit the forward move ment of the tapping-spindle h, the following device is provided: A projecting pin 1), fixed in the said spindle, engages with an adjustable stop (1 and prevents rotation of the spin dle h about its axis while the tap is entering the hole previously drilled in the work. The stop (1 is held in place by a clamp q, secured to the slide (Z by a screw g and its adj ustment on the clamp is effected by means of a screw (1 The said stop is so adjusted that when the tap has entered the hole to the required depth the pin 19 will have passed the end of the said step, and the spindle h can then freely rotate with the work. To prevent rotation of the said spindle in the reverse direction, when the direction of rotation of the work (not shown) is reversed in order to effect the withdrawal of the tap from the hole, a s pring-pawl r is provided, which engages with a groove 7L3 in the spindle h, thus preventing rotation of the spindle while permitting the required movement thereof.
The operation of the device is as follows: At a suitable period in the several operations performed by the machine the cam f, acting upon the arm cZ, moves the slide (Z, so as to bring the spindle 9 into line with the work. The cam then actuates the lever Z, so as to cause said lever to move forward the bar j. In this movement of the said bar the pin it comes in contact with the adjusting-screw g and moves forward the spindle g. A hole of the. required depth is thus drilled in the work, the depth of the hole being determined by the adjustment of the screws g and n. The lever Zis then released by the cam 7c, and the drill is withdrawn by the spring y the spring 9' effecting the return movement of the bar j. The cam f then permits the depression of the slide cZ by the spring c, so that the spindle h is brought into line with the previously-drilled hole, the parts being then in the position shown in Fig. 1, when the cam 70 again actuates the lever Z, thus foreing the tap carried by the spindle h into the previously-drilled hole. When the hole is tapped, the pin 1) having moved clear of the stop q the spindle 7L rotates freely about its axis. After the lever Z has been released by the cam 7t, the direction of rotation of the work (not shown) is reversed to eifect the withdrawal of the tap from the hole, this withdrawal being assisted by the reaction of the spring 71,2, and the rotation of the spindle h about its axis being prevented during such withdrawal by the engagement of the pawl r with the groove 7L3.
A machine constructed with the improved ,mechanism above described can be readily adapted for making screws by simply removing the cam f or throwing it out of gear and fixin g in the spindle h suitable screw-threading dies. If desired, one or more additional "spindles may be mounted in the aforesaid slide and the cam for raising and lowering the same may be modified, so that three or :more suitable tools may be used, to suit the exigencies of the work to be done by the machine.
It is obvious that the details of construction of my improved mechanism may be somewhat modified without departing from the nature of said invention that comprises also the provision of suitable means for adjusting the parts of the mechanism to regulate the action of the same according to the work to be performed, and that said improvements may also be applicable to other machines for the same or like purposes.
I claim as my invention-- 1. In combination in a' screw-machine, a frame, a camshaft borne on the frame, a re ciprocating support mounted vertically over the cam-shaft and movable in a direction to and from the same, across the line of axis of a work-holding spindle, the work-holding ispindle, tool-holding spindles mounted in the support and adapted to be brought successively into line with the axis of the workjholding spindle, asliding bar movable toward and from the work-holding support, a pin borne on the bar and adapted to engage each of the work-holding spindles, a lever mounted in the frame and in engagement with the sliding bar, and a cam on the cam-shaft adapted to operate the lever, all substantially as described.
2. In combination in a screw-machine, a frame, a camshaft borne on the frame, a reciprocating support mounted vertically over the cam-shaft and movable in a direction to and from the same across the line of axis of a Work-holding spindle, the Work -holding spindle, tool-holding spindles mounted in the support and adapted to be brought successively into line with the axis of the work holding spindle, an arm secured to the bar and extending in a diagonal line toward the work-holding spindles, a pin adjustably borne in the end of the bar and adapted to engage each of the work-holding spindles, a lever, pivoted to the frame to one side of a vertical line drawn through the cam-shaft and the reciprocating slide, and a cam to operate the lever, all substantially as described.
3. In a screw-machine in combination,a livespindle, a reciprocating support movable across the axis of the Work-holding spindle, longitudinally-movable tool-holding spindles mounted parallel to each other in the movable support, means for reciprocating the support, a sliding bar adapted to engage each of the tool-holding spindles, a pivoted lever with one end in engagementvvith the sliding bar, means for oscillating the lever, a pin located on one of the tool-holding spindles and engaged by an adjustable stop for a portion of the path of its movement, a shouldered groove in the spindle, a spring-pawl adapted to engage the groove to prevent a reverse movement of said spindle, and an adjusting-screw located in the slide with one end projecting to the outer surface and the inner threaded end in engagement with a threaded socket in the adjustable stop, all substantially as described.
4. In a screw-machine in combination, a movable support,longitudinally-moving toolholders mounted in the support, means for reciprocating the support across the line of axis of the live Work-holding spindle,the Workholding spindle, a sliding bar, a lever in engagement with the bar, means for oscillating the lever, an arm secured to the bar and having in one end a pin adapted to engage each of the tool-holding spindles, and in the opposite end an adjusting-screw adapted to engage a fixed support, and the fixed support, all substantially as described.
GEORGE E. WITHERELL.
Witnesses:
ARTHUR B. JENKINS, JOSEPH ARTHUR OANTIN.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090063628A1 (en) * 1997-10-07 2009-03-05 Brown Stephen J System and/or method for audibly prompting a patient with a motion device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090063628A1 (en) * 1997-10-07 2009-03-05 Brown Stephen J System and/or method for audibly prompting a patient with a motion device

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