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US5634784A - Catalytic method - Google Patents

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Publication number
US5634784A
US5634784A US08227599 US22759994A US5634784A US 5634784 A US5634784 A US 5634784A US 08227599 US08227599 US 08227599 US 22759994 A US22759994 A US 22759994A US 5634784 A US5634784 A US 5634784A
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Prior art keywords
fuel
combustion
air
catalyst
temperature
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Expired - Fee Related
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US08227599
Inventor
William C. Pfefferle
E. Jack Sweet
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Precision Combustion Inc
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Precision Combustion Inc
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N3/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust
    • F01N3/08Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous
    • F01N3/10Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust
    • F01N3/18Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust characterised by methods of operation; Control
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N3/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust
    • F01N3/08Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous
    • F01N3/10Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust
    • F01N3/24Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust characterised by constructional aspects of converting apparatus
    • F01N3/26Construction of thermal reactors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N3/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust
    • F01N3/08Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous
    • F01N3/10Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust
    • F01N3/24Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust characterised by constructional aspects of converting apparatus
    • F01N3/28Construction of catalytic reactors
    • F01N3/2882Catalytic reactors combined or associated with other devices, e.g. exhaust silencers or other exhaust purification devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23CCOMBUSTION APPARATUS USING FLUENT FUEL
    • F23C13/00Apparatus in which combustion takes place in the presence of catalytic material
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23CCOMBUSTION APPARATUS USING FLUENT FUEL
    • F23C9/00Combustion apparatus characterised by arrangements for returning combustion products or flue gases to the combustion chamber
    • F23C9/006Combustion apparatus characterised by arrangements for returning combustion products or flue gases to the combustion chamber the recirculation taking place in the combustion chamber
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23RGENERATING COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OF HIGH PRESSURE OR HIGH VELOCITY, e.g. GAS-TURBINE COMBUSTION CHAMBERS
    • F23R3/00Continuous combustion chambers using liquid or gaseous fuel
    • F23R3/40Continuous combustion chambers using liquid or gaseous fuel characterised by the used of catalytic means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2250/00Combinations of different methods of purification
    • F01N2250/04Combinations of different methods of purification afterburning and catalytic conversion
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N3/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust
    • F01N3/08Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous
    • F01N3/10Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust
    • F01N3/24Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust characterised by constructional aspects of converting apparatus
    • F01N3/30Arrangements for supply of additional air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B1/00Engines characterised by fuel-air mixture compression
    • F02B1/02Engines characterised by fuel-air mixture compression with positive ignition
    • F02B1/04Engines characterised by fuel-air mixture compression with positive ignition with fuel-air mixture admission into cylinder
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23CCOMBUSTION APPARATUS USING FLUENT FUEL
    • F23C2900/00Special features of, or arrangements for combustion apparatus using fluid fuels or solid fuels suspended in air; Combustion processes therefor
    • F23C2900/13002Catalytic combustion followed by a homogeneous combustion phase or stabilizing a homogeneous combustion phase

Abstract

Gas phase combustion producing lower emissions in gas turbines is stabilized in a lean pre-mixed combustor, by flow of the fuel/air mixture through a catalyst which is heated by contact with recirculated, partially reacted combustion gases.

Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This invention is a continuation-in-part of the U.S. patent application Ser. No. 07/835,556 filed Feb. 14, 1992, now U.S. Pat. No. 5,453,003, which is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 07/639,012 filed on Jan. 9. 1991.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to improved systems for low NOx combustion of fuels and to methods for catalytic extension of lean limits. In one specific aspect, this invention relates to catalytic stabilization of dry low NOx combustors.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART

Although it has been established that premixed aerodynamically stabilized dry low NOx combustion systems for gas turbines can achieve NOx levels below 10 ppm, the operability of such combustors is poor because of the need to operate well above the lean limit which is typically at a flame temperature greater than about 1750° Kelvin. To achieve operation over the range of power levels required for a gas turbine, multiple staging of combustion is typically employed resulting in the need for multiple fuel controls. The result is a danger of flame-out in transient operation and typically an inability to achieve low emissions over the full operating range.

Catalytic combustors of U.S. Pat. No. 3,928,961 can achieve NOx levels even lower than such dry low NOx combustors. However, the current maximum operating temperature of such combustors is limited to no more than about 1600° Kelvin by the lack of durable catalysts suitable for operation at temperatures higher then 1600° Kelvin. Moreover, for natural gas combustion present catalysts typically require combustor inlet temperatures higher than available with typical multi-spool engines at low power levels.

The present invention overcomes the limitations of these prior art systems and meets the need for reduced emissions from gas turbines and other combustion devices.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Definition of Terms

The terms "fuel" and "hydrocarbon" as used in the present invention not only refer to organic compounds, including conventional liquid and gaseous fuels, but also to gas streams containing fuel values in the form of compounds such as carbon monoxide, organic compounds or partial oxidation products of carbon containing compounds.

The Invention

In the present invention gas phase combustion is stabilized in a lean premixed combustor by reaction of a gaseous mixture of fuel and air passing in radial flow through a catalyst which is heated in operation by contact with recirculating partially reacted combustion gases.

As noted in co-pending application Ser. No. 835,556, incorporated by reference it has been found that a catalyst can stabilize gas phase combustion of very lean fuel-air mixtures at flame temperatures as low as 1000° or even below 900° Kelvin, far below not only the minimum flame temperatures of conventional combustion systems but even below the minimum combustion temperatures required for the catalytic combustion method of the earlier system described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,928,961. In addition, with use of mesolith catalysts the upper operating temperature is not materials limited since the catalyst can be designed to operate at a safe temperature well below the combustor adiabatic flame temperature.

The catalyst is an oxidation catalyst, preferably a metal from the group VIII of the periodic system of elements.

In the present invention it is taught that a radial flow catalyst element can be integrated into an aerodynamically stabilized burner to provide a catalytically reacted fuel-air mixture for enhanced flame stabilization with catalyst temperature maintained by recirculation of hot combustion gases at a temperature high enough even for combustion of methane at ambient combustor inlet air temperatures yet at a temperature well below the adiabatic combustion temperature thus allowing burner outlet temperatures high enough for modern gas turbines. An aerodynamically stabilized combustor or burner is one wherein gas phase combustion is stabilized by aerodynamic recirculation of hot combustion products such as induced by a swirler; a bluff body; opposed flow jets; or a flow dump. These devices are well known in the art. Preferred are swirlers. In operation of a burner of the present invention, a fuel-air mixture is passed into contact with a catalytic element for reaction thereon. The resulting reacted admixture is then admixed with the fresh fuel and air passing into the combustor thus enhancing reactivity and enabling stable combustion even with very lean fuel-air admixtures of 0.2 or even 0.1 equivalence ratio. Light-off of burners of the present invention may be achieved using any conventional ignition means such as spark plugs, glow plugs, laser beams, or microwave energy. Advantageously, for ignition the catalytic element is heated electrically to a temperature high enough for fuel ignition followed by introduction of fuel and air. This not only achieves ignition but assures that the catalyst is at an effective temperature to stabilize lean combustion in the burner from the start of combustion.

Thus, the present invention makes possible practical ultra-low emission combustors using available catalysts and catalyst support materials, combustors which are capable of operating not only at the low combustion temperatures of conventional catalytic but also of operating at the high combustor outlet temperatures required for full power operation of modern gas turbines. Such a wide operating temperature range represents a high turndown ratio and makes possible catalytically stabilized combustors with a high enough turndown ratio to significantly reduce the need for staging as compared to conventional dry low NOx systems or for the need for variable geometry.

In one advantageous embodiment of the present invention, a fuel-air mixture is contacted with a combustion catalyst to produce heat and reactive intermediates for admixture with fuel and air entering coaxially through a swirler thus providing continuous enhancement of stability in the resulting swirl stabilized combustion. Stable high combustion is possible at temperatures not only well below a temperature resulting in significant formation of nitrogen oxides from molecular nitrogen and oxygen but often even below the minimum temperatures of prior art catalytic combustors. Combustion of lean fuel-air mixtures have been stabilized at bulk equivalence ratios as low as 0.2 with methane, well below the level for a conventional catalytic combustor. The generation of heat and radicals by the catalyst is believed to counter the quenching of free radicals which otherwise quench combustion at temperatures which are low enough to minimize formation of thermal NOx. The catalyst is preferably in the form of a short channel length radial flow mesolith.

Use of electrically heatable catalysts provides both ease of light-off and ready relight in case of a flameout such as may result from an interruption in fuel flow. With spark ignition, the spark plug is advantageously positioned on the burner centerline within the catalytic element. Extra fuel may be introduced in the vicinity of the spark plug to assure a sufficiently flammable mixture for flame propagation in an otherwise overall lean fuel-air mixture. After lightoff, the catalyst is maintained at an effective temperature by catalytic reaction and by heat from the reverse flow hot combustion gases.

For stationary gas turbines, the capability to burn natural gas is most important as are ultra-low NOx levels, i.e.; below 10 ppm and preferably below about one ppm. Thus, the capability of burners of the present invention to burn methane, the primary constituent of natural gas, makes possible not only low emissions of NOx but economic production of electrical power. A further advantage of combustors of the present invention is their suitability for use as low NOx pilot burners to stabilize leaner combustion in conventional dry low NOx designs thus even allowing retrofitting of existing combustors.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 shows a schematic of a high turn down ratio catalytically enhanced swirl stabilized burner.

FIG. 2 shows a burner with an integral spark plug.

FIG. 3 shows dump combustor having radial flow catalyst.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION

In FIG. 1, fuel and air are passed into contact with a radial flow mesolith catalyst 11 mounted within swirler 12 such that reacted gases from catalyst 11 are directed into admixture with the fuel and air passing through swirler 12 whereby the combustion effluent from catalyst 11 enhances efficient gas phase combustion of very lean fuel-air mixtures in reaction zone 14. Electrical leads 15 provide power for heating catalyst 11 to an effective temperature for reaction of the fuel-air mixture for light-off. Recirculating combustion gases (shown by the arrows) maintains an effective catalyst temperature at low combustor inlet temperatures. Thus efficient combustion of lean premixed fuel-air mixtures is stabilized at flame temperatures below a temperature which would result in any substantial formation of oxides of nitrogen. This temperature is dependent in part upon the fuel utilized.

FIG. 2 shows burner 20 in which a spark plug 25 is mounted within the interior of catalyst 21 in swirler 22 to provide integral means for ignition of burner 20. Recirculating partially reacted combustion gases (flow path shown by arrows) react on contact with catalyst 21. Burner 20 may be used as a continuously operating pilot burner in a dry low NOx combustor in place of a conventional diffusion flame pilot as may the burner of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 shows a dump combustor 30 in which recirculating combustion gases flow over body 32 and through catalyst 31 as shown by the arrows, thereby stabilizing lean combustion.

The following Example shows the manner and method of carrying out the invention and sets forth the best mode contemplated by the inventors, but is not to be construed as limiting the invention.

EXAMPLE 1

Lean gas phase combustion of methane is stabilized by spraying the fuel into flowing ambient temperature air and passing the resulting fuel-air mixture through a heated platinum activated catalyst mounted within a swirler such that fuel reacted on the catalyst is mixed with fuel and air passing through the swirler resulting in stable combustion with release of heat, producing less than ten ppm NOx, and less than 5 ppm of CO and unburned hydrocarbons. Additional premixed fuel and air may be added downstream of the catalytic burner to produce a high throughput low pressure drop low NOx combustor of greater turndown than is possible even with catalytic stabilization. For ignition using a spark plug, the fuel air ratio must be suitably rich for initial flame propagation prior to transitioning to lean operation.

Claims (10)

What is claimed is:
1. A method for efficient combustion of fuel-air admixtures having an adiabatic flame temperature below 2000° Kelvin which comprises:
a. reacting fuel with air in the presence of an oxidation catalyst disposed within a fuel burner,
b. passing additional fuel and air into said burner,
c. mixing said reacted fuel and air with said additional fuel and air,
d. aerodynamically stabilizing combustion of the mixture of reacted fuel and air with the additional fuel and air;
e. recirculating hot combustion products into contact with said catalyst to maintain said catalyst at a temperature effective for reaction of the fuel and air.
2. The method of claim 1 wherein passing the additional fuel and air is through vanes of a flow swirler.
3. The method of claim 1 wherein said catalyst comprises a metal of group VIII of the periodic table of elements.
4. The method of claim 1 wherein said aerodynamic stabilization is achieved using swirlers.
5. The method of claim 1 wherein said aerodynamic stabilization is achieved with a flow dump.
6. The method of claim 1 wherein said reacted fuel is a hydrocarbon.
7. A burner for clean combustion of fuels comprising:
a. a tubular housing defining a tube lumen having an open first end and an open second end;
b. aerodynamic combustion stabilization means mounted in the tube lumen between the first and the second end, said means having flow passages for passage of fuel and air in admixture;
c. an oxidation catalyst within a passage of said aerodynamic means for combustion of fuel and air mixtures so as to provide reaction gases for admixture with additional fuel and additional air;
d. means to provide a fuel-air mixture to said catalyst for combustion;
e. a zone between the catalyst and the second open end of the lumen, for mixing the reaction gases and the additional fuel and the additional air and for recirculating the reaction gases mixed with additional fuel and additional air to the oxidation catalyst for further combustion; and
f. means of delivering the additional fuel and the additional air to said zone.
8. The burner of claim 7 further comprising means to electrically heat said catalyst.
9. The burner of claim 7 wherein said aerodynamic stabilization means is a dump combustor.
10. The burner of claim 9 wherein said aerodynamic means comprises a swirler having vanes and flow passages formed by the swirler vanes.
US08227599 1991-01-09 1994-04-14 Catalytic method Expired - Fee Related US5634784A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US63901291 true 1991-01-09 1991-01-09
US07835556 US5453003A (en) 1991-01-09 1992-02-14 Catalytic method
US08227599 US5634784A (en) 1991-01-09 1994-04-14 Catalytic method

Applications Claiming Priority (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US08227599 US5634784A (en) 1991-01-09 1994-04-14 Catalytic method
US08317378 US5660043A (en) 1992-02-14 1994-10-04 Torch assembly
DE1995617731 DE69517731D1 (en) 1994-04-14 1995-04-06 Catalytic gas turbine combustor
EP19950105173 EP0677707B1 (en) 1994-04-14 1995-04-06 Catalytic gas turbine combustor
DE1995617731 DE69517731T2 (en) 1994-04-14 1995-04-06 Catalytic gas turbine combustor
JP8845995A JPH0861674A (en) 1994-04-14 1995-04-13 Catalytic method
CA 2147024 CA2147024A1 (en) 1994-04-14 1995-04-13 Catalytic method
US08780312 US5720163A (en) 1992-02-14 1997-01-08 Torch assembly

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US07835556 Continuation-In-Part US5453003A (en) 1991-01-09 1992-02-14 Catalytic method

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US08317378 Continuation-In-Part US5660043A (en) 1991-01-09 1994-10-04 Torch assembly

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US5634784A true US5634784A (en) 1997-06-03

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EP (1) EP0677707B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH0861674A (en)
CA (1) CA2147024A1 (en)
DE (2) DE69517731D1 (en)

Cited By (22)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5984665A (en) * 1998-02-09 1999-11-16 Gas Research Institute Low emissions surface combustion pilot and flame holder
WO1999064788A1 (en) * 1998-06-12 1999-12-16 Precision Combustion, Inc. DRY, LOW NOx PILOT
WO1999067570A2 (en) * 1998-06-12 1999-12-29 Precision Combustion, Inc. DRY, LOW NOx CATALYTIC PILOT
WO2000000772A2 (en) * 1998-06-12 2000-01-06 Precision Combustion, Inc. DRY, LOW NOx CATALYTIC PILOT
US6202402B1 (en) * 1997-06-30 2001-03-20 Abb Research Ltd. Gas-turbine construction
US6223537B1 (en) 1997-11-24 2001-05-01 Alliedsignal Power Systems Catalytic combustor for gas turbines
DE10061527A1 (en) * 2000-12-11 2002-06-13 Alstom Switzerland Ltd Premix burner arrangement with catalytic combustion, and methods for operating this
WO2003048640A1 (en) * 2001-12-03 2003-06-12 New England Catalytic Technologies, Inc. Method of preheating catalytic heaters
US6609905B2 (en) * 2001-04-30 2003-08-26 Alstom (Switzerland) Ltd. Catalytic burner
US6638055B2 (en) * 2001-04-30 2003-10-28 Alstom (Switzerland) Ltd Device for burning a gaseous fuel/oxidant mixture
WO2004020905A1 (en) * 2002-08-30 2004-03-11 Alstom Technology Ltd Method and device for combusting a fuel-oxidising agent mixture
US6718772B2 (en) 2000-10-27 2004-04-13 Catalytica Energy Systems, Inc. Method of thermal NOx reduction in catalytic combustion systems
US6796129B2 (en) 2001-08-29 2004-09-28 Catalytica Energy Systems, Inc. Design and control strategy for catalytic combustion system with a wide operating range
US20040206091A1 (en) * 2003-01-17 2004-10-21 David Yee Dynamic control system and method for multi-combustor catalytic gas turbine engine
US20040255588A1 (en) * 2002-12-11 2004-12-23 Kare Lundberg Catalytic preburner and associated methods of operation
US20050201906A1 (en) * 2004-03-10 2005-09-15 Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation Two stage catalytic combustor
US20060191269A1 (en) * 2005-02-25 2006-08-31 Smith Lance L Catalytic fuel-air injector with bluff-body flame stabilization
US7121097B2 (en) 2001-01-16 2006-10-17 Catalytica Energy Systems, Inc. Control strategy for flexible catalytic combustion system
US20060260322A1 (en) * 2003-08-13 2006-11-23 Bernd Prade Method for the combustion of a fluid fuel, and burner, especially of a gas turbine, for carrying out said method
US20070028625A1 (en) * 2003-09-05 2007-02-08 Ajay Joshi Catalyst module overheating detection and methods of response
US20090031697A1 (en) * 2002-08-30 2009-02-05 Alstom Technology Ltd Apparatus for the combustion of a fuel-oxidizer mix
US8528334B2 (en) 2008-01-16 2013-09-10 Solar Turbines Inc. Flow conditioner for fuel injector for combustor and method for low-NOx combustor

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US5950434A (en) * 1995-06-12 1999-09-14 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Burner, particularly for a gas turbine, with catalytically induced combustion
DE10157856A1 (en) * 2001-11-26 2003-07-17 Rolls Royce Deutschland Slim premix burner for gas turbine has part of burner wall may be electrically heated
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Cited By (38)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6202402B1 (en) * 1997-06-30 2001-03-20 Abb Research Ltd. Gas-turbine construction
US6223537B1 (en) 1997-11-24 2001-05-01 Alliedsignal Power Systems Catalytic combustor for gas turbines
US5984665A (en) * 1998-02-09 1999-11-16 Gas Research Institute Low emissions surface combustion pilot and flame holder
WO1999064788A1 (en) * 1998-06-12 1999-12-16 Precision Combustion, Inc. DRY, LOW NOx PILOT
WO2000000772A3 (en) * 1998-06-12 2000-03-09 Precision Combustion Inc DRY, LOW NOx CATALYTIC PILOT
WO1999067570A3 (en) * 1998-06-12 2000-03-23 Precision Combustion Inc DRY, LOW NOx CATALYTIC PILOT
US6048194A (en) * 1998-06-12 2000-04-11 Precision Combustion, Inc. Dry, low nox catalytic pilot
US6155819A (en) * 1998-06-12 2000-12-05 Precision Combustion, Inc. Dry, low NOx catalytic pilot
WO1999067570A2 (en) * 1998-06-12 1999-12-29 Precision Combustion, Inc. DRY, LOW NOx CATALYTIC PILOT
US6270337B1 (en) * 1998-06-12 2001-08-07 Precision Combustion, Inc. Dry, low NOx pilot
WO2000000772A2 (en) * 1998-06-12 2000-01-06 Precision Combustion, Inc. DRY, LOW NOx CATALYTIC PILOT
US6718772B2 (en) 2000-10-27 2004-04-13 Catalytica Energy Systems, Inc. Method of thermal NOx reduction in catalytic combustion systems
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0677707A1 (en) 1995-10-18 application
JPH0861674A (en) 1996-03-08 application
EP0677707B1 (en) 2000-07-05 grant
DE69517731D1 (en) 2000-08-10 grant
DE69517731T2 (en) 2001-01-11 grant
CA2147024A1 (en) 1995-10-15 application

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