US561405A - Ice-velocipede - Google Patents

Ice-velocipede Download PDF

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US561405A
US561405A US561405DA US561405A US 561405 A US561405 A US 561405A US 561405D A US561405D A US 561405DA US 561405 A US561405 A US 561405A
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frame
ice
wheel
bar
skate
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C17/00Roller skates; Skate-boards
    • A63C17/18Roller skates; Skate-boards convertible into ice or snow-running skates

Description

(No` MolleL) J. E. LEAHAN.

1GB VELOGIPBDE.

No. 561,405. Patented June 2; 18196,.1

A TTOH/VEY AN DREW BGRVNAM. PHOTO UYHO,WASHIN GTON. UL

NrrnD STATES Fricn.

.TAMFS EDVARD LEAHAN, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.

ICEQVELOCIPEDE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 561,405, dated J une 2, 1896.

Application iiled January 8,

T0 all whom, it may concern:

leit known that LJAMES EDWARD LEAHAN, of Boston, in the county of Suffolk and State cf Massachusetts, have invented a new and Improved Ice -Velocipede, of which the following is a full, clear, and eXact description.

This invention relates to certain improvements in that class of devices commonly termed ice-velocipedes, constructed on the principle of a bicycle and adapted to be propelled over ice or snow; and the objectof the invention is to provide a device of this character of a simple and inexpensive construction which shall be light and strong and provided with means whereby when the device is used for coasting theleast possible resistance will be offered to its passage over the ice. The invention consists in an ice-velocipede having a frame provided with skates or runners and also provided with a driving-wheel adapted to be operated by the feet of the rider, one of the skates or runners being vertically movable, so as to be adapted to be raised or lowered to take the weight of the machine and rider off the drivin g-wheel or to raise said wheel entirely out of operative position. The invention also contemplates certain novel features of the construction, combination, and arrangement of t-he various parts of the improved ice-velocipede whereby certain important advantages are attained and the device is made simpler, cheaper, and otherwise better adapted and more convenient for use than various other devices heretofore employed, all as will be hereinafter fully set forth.

The novel features of the invention will be carefully defined in the claims.

Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views.

Figure 1 is a side view, drawn to a small scale, showing an ice-velocipede constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a fragmentary side view, drawn to a larger scale, showing the means for raising and lowering the rear skate or runner. Fig. 3 is a fragmentary view somewhat similar to Fig. 2, but showing the lever of the skate-raising device in plan. Fig. 4 is a fragmentary view showing the front part of the frame and the 1896.' Serial No. 574,718. (No model.)

i skate or runner employed for steering. Fig. 5 is a sectional view taken in the plane indicated by the line a a in Fig. 2 and showing the vertical slide-rod whereon the rear skate is held. Fig. 6 is a similar view showing said rod in its lowered position. Fig. 7 is a secu tional view taken through the forward skate or runner and showing the means employed for securing the same to the steering-post. Fig. S is a somewhat similar sectional view showing the construction of the lower end of the brake. Fig. 9 is a view somewhat similar to Fig. 8, but showing the employment of a runner such as may be used when the machine is adapted for use on snow. Fig. 10 is a fragmentary view showing a portion of the wheel-rim. Fig. 11 is a transverse section through the rim, and Fig. 12 is aview showing the construction of the clip employed for holding the brake-stem to the steering-post.

In the views 1 indicates thehead-bearing of the frame of the device, said frame being of the usual diamond pattern, but having its rear forks 5 and 6 made somewhat longer for purposes to be hereinafter explained, and in the lower portion of the frame is j ournaled in the usual way a crank-shaft 7, having pedals 8, and provided with a sprocket-wheel 9, over which passes a chain 10, gearing with the sprocket-wheel 1l on the hub of the rear driving-wheel 12, the construction of these parts being substantially the same as thatordinarily employed in bicycles.

The machine is provided with a handle-bar 13,`having its opposite ends 1l bent and provided with grips to be operated by the rider in the usual way, and said handle-bar is fixed at its lower end to the steering post or head l5, mounted to turn in the head-bearing l of the frame, and having its lower end extended down adjacent to the ground and provided with oppositely-extendin g flanges 16, secured by means of bolts to similar flanges formed on the upper ends of a ska-te 17, as clearly indicated in Figs. 7 and S.

A brake-lever 18 is mounted on the handlebar in position to be conveniently operated by the rider, and is connected with a brakestem 19, mounted to slide alongside the headbearing 1, and extending down the same and also along the steering-post 15, being'bifurcated at its lower end, as clearly seen in Fig.

Ioo

S, and having its forks arranged in position when the brake-lever 13 is operated to be pressed against the ice upon opposite sides of the skate 17, as will be readily understood. The brake-stein 19 is mounted in clips having projecting perforated portions 21, through which the stem passes and provided with "forks 22, arranged to engage the opposite sides of the steering head or post 15, to which they i ro are clamped by means of a bolt or equivalent device 23, as seen in Fig. 12.

The driving-wheel of the device is provided with spokes 24, which may be of the kind usu- I ally employed in bicycle-wheels, said spokes 15 being secured at their outer ends to a rim 25, whereonis carried a flat-faced tire 2G, secured in place by means of bolts 27 passing through the tire and rim, and having heads or enlargements 28 of pointed or analogous form at their 2o outer ends, the inner ends of said bolts bein g screw-threaded to receive nuts 20, whereby they are held in place, as will be readily understood. The points 23 serve to engage the ice or snow when the driving-wheel is oper- 2 5 ated' to propel the velocipede.

The horizontal top brace of the frame, as shown in Fig. 1, extends from the head-bearing 1 beyond the rear forks 5, as indicated at 30, and the saddle is, as shown in the draw- 3o ings, arranged in the usual way at the junction between the top brace and the said forks. To the rear end 30 of the top brace of the frame is secured a downwardly extending tube or brace-bar 31, attached at its upper end to said brace-bar by means of a casing 32, hollowed out and formed as indicated in Figs. 2, 5, and (l, and said tube 31 extends downward parallel with and just behind the rear vertical brace of the frame.

In the tube 31 is mounted to slide a supporting-bar 33, having its lower end flanged, as indicated at 34, and bolted or otherwise secured to the rear skate 35, and said supporting-bar is provided at its upper part with a 4 5 vertical slot 34X, formed through it and adapted for the passage of a guide-pin 35, herein shown as a bolt extending through slots 36, formed in the opposite Walls of the tube 31, and secured in place in said tube by means 5o of a nut. By means of this guide-pin the bar 33 is held against turning and is guided in its vertical movement.

rlfhe upper end of the bar 33 is flattened and toothed, as indicated at 37, to mesh with teeth formed on a circular rack or gear 33, secured within the chamber of the casing 32, being held on the rear end of a shaft 39, journaled in bearings 40 on the top brace of the frame and extending forward along said top brace 6o to a point just in front of the saddle, where it is provided with a gear-wheel 41, meshing with a segment-rack 42, secured on a lever 43, pivoted, as seen at 44, to the top brace of the frame and adapted to be operated by the rider. A detent or pawl 46 is secured to the lever 43 in position to engage with a segment-rack 45, xed to the top brace of the frame, so as to hold the lever 43 against movement when thc skate 35 has been forced down, as will be hereinafter explained.

In operation the rear skate willbe arranged so that when in its raised position the drivin gwheel 12 will only touch the ice sufficiently to enable the points 23 to secure a firm hold in the ice, and under normal conditions the position of the rear skate will not be changed. In coasting, however, the lever 43 will be manipulated so as to turn the shaft 39 and force the rear skate 35 downward, so as to raise the driving-wheel 12 slightly, whereupon the said drivin g-wheel will be out of contact with the ice, and the whole weight will rest upon the two skates 17 and 35.

To stop the device, the brake-lever maybe operated to press the brake-stem downwardly so as to engage the forked lower end thereof with the ice on opposite sides of the :forward skate 17.

From the above description it will be understood that the device is of an extremely simple and inexpensive construction and is well adapted for use for the purposes for which it is designed, and it will also be understood that the invention. is susceptible of considerable modilication without material departure from its principles and spirit, and for this reason I do not wish to be understood as limitin gmyselfto the exact form and arrangement of the parts herein set forth. For example, when constructed for ladies use the forward portion of the top brace of the frame will be of course omitted or dropped in the usual way, and the lever 43 will be pivoted behind the saddle or in any other appropriate place, and when the device is to be used on snow flat and broad faced runners, such as those indicated at 17 in Fig. El, will be by preference employed in lieu of the skates 17 and 35.

Having thus described my invention, l claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- 1. An iee-veloeipede, comprising a frame having a forward skate and a driving-wheel, and provided with a saddle, a tube extending downward from the upper port-ion' of the frame, a supporting-bar arranged to slide in said tube, a runner carried on the lower end of said barand arranged adj aeent to the driving-wheel, and an operating device arranged when actuated to move said supporting-bar longitudinally to press the runner carried thereon downwardly, whereby the drivingwheel is raised from the ice, substantially as set forth.

2. In an ice-velocipede, the combination of a frame, a forward runner thereon, a drivin g-wheel, a tube extending downward on the frame, a supporting-bar mounted to slide in the tube, a rear runner carried on the lower end of the supporting-bar in position to engage the ice adjacent to the driving-wheel, the upper end of said bar being provided with teeth, a shaft extending longitudinally of the upper portion of the frame and provided with IOO tog

IIO

a toothed raek engaging the teeth on the bar, and means for turning said shaft, substantially as set forth.

3. In an iee-veloeipede, the combination of a frame having a forward runner and a driving-wheel, a supporting-bar mounted to slide downward on the frame, a runner earried on the lower end of said bar, a shaft extending longitudinally on the frame and adapted to be turned, and a eonneetion between the shaft and said har whereby when the shaft is turned the har is moved downward, substantially as set forth.

4. In an iee-veloeipede, the Combination lever pivoted on the frame and provided with a segmental rack to engage the gear-wheel, substantially as set forth.

4 JAMES EDWARD LEAHAN.

Witnesses:

JOHN E. MoRRrssnY, EDWARD J. BURKE.

US561405D Ice-velocipede Expired - Lifetime US561405A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3630301A (en) * 1970-02-04 1971-12-28 Jon M Henricks Convertible snow motorcycle
US4168841A (en) * 1978-04-06 1979-09-25 Uhlyarik Emanuel J Conversion system for pedal operated cycles with improved rear wheel apparatus
DE2941908A1 (en) * 1979-10-17 1981-04-30 Licentia Gmbh Semiconductor-film solar cell
EP0063716A2 (en) * 1981-04-29 1982-11-03 Licentia Patent-Verwaltungs-GmbH Method of manufacturing a semiconductor-layer solar cell
DE3128979A1 (en) * 1981-07-22 1983-02-10 Siemens Ag Method for preparing silicon which can be used for solar cells
US4466626A (en) * 1981-11-25 1984-08-21 Leritz James P Velocipede
EP0186800A3 (en) * 1984-12-19 1987-08-26 Sigri Gmbh Process for coating carbon and graphite bodies
US6554294B2 (en) 2001-04-24 2003-04-29 Hans Laudon Ski bicycle and ski system for a bicycle
US6783133B1 (en) * 1999-10-15 2004-08-31 Mario Araujo Cycleski
RU2644743C2 (en) * 2016-10-12 2018-02-13 Анатолий Степанович Дресвянкин Device for movement along ice and snow surface
RU2647100C1 (en) * 2017-08-30 2018-03-13 Анатолий Степанович Дресвянкин Training device used: stationary and for movement on ground, gravel, asphalt, ice and snow surfaces

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3630301A (en) * 1970-02-04 1971-12-28 Jon M Henricks Convertible snow motorcycle
US4168841A (en) * 1978-04-06 1979-09-25 Uhlyarik Emanuel J Conversion system for pedal operated cycles with improved rear wheel apparatus
DE2941908A1 (en) * 1979-10-17 1981-04-30 Licentia Gmbh Semiconductor-film solar cell
EP0063716A2 (en) * 1981-04-29 1982-11-03 Licentia Patent-Verwaltungs-GmbH Method of manufacturing a semiconductor-layer solar cell
EP0063716A3 (en) * 1981-04-29 1985-01-09 Licentia Patent-Verwaltungs-GmbH Method of manufacturing a semiconductor-layer solar cell
DE3128979A1 (en) * 1981-07-22 1983-02-10 Siemens Ag Method for preparing silicon which can be used for solar cells
US4466626A (en) * 1981-11-25 1984-08-21 Leritz James P Velocipede
EP0186800A3 (en) * 1984-12-19 1987-08-26 Sigri Gmbh Process for coating carbon and graphite bodies
US6783133B1 (en) * 1999-10-15 2004-08-31 Mario Araujo Cycleski
US6554294B2 (en) 2001-04-24 2003-04-29 Hans Laudon Ski bicycle and ski system for a bicycle
RU2644743C2 (en) * 2016-10-12 2018-02-13 Анатолий Степанович Дресвянкин Device for movement along ice and snow surface
RU2647100C1 (en) * 2017-08-30 2018-03-13 Анатолий Степанович Дресвянкин Training device used: stationary and for movement on ground, gravel, asphalt, ice and snow surfaces

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