US553120A - Jacob b - Google Patents

Jacob b Download PDF

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Publication number
US553120A
US553120A US553120DA US553120A US 553120 A US553120 A US 553120A US 553120D A US553120D A US 553120DA US 553120 A US553120 A US 553120A
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Prior art keywords
bolts
door
spindle
adapted
safe
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Expired - Lifetime
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16JPISTONS; CYLINDERS; SEALINGS
    • F16J13/00Covers or similar closure members for pressure vessels in general
    • F16J13/02Detachable closure members; Means for tightening closures
    • F16J13/08Detachable closure members; Means for tightening closures attached by one or more members actuated to project behind a part or parts of the frame
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B83/00Vehicle locks specially adapted for particular types of wing or vehicle
    • E05B83/16Locks for luggage compartments, car boot lids or car bonnets
    • E05B83/24Locks for luggage compartments, car boot lids or car bonnets for car bonnets
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S70/00Locks
    • Y10S70/78Sliding and oscillating bolt
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0801Multiple
    • Y10T292/0803Sliding and swinging
    • Y10T292/0805Combined motion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0801Multiple
    • Y10T292/0834Sliding
    • Y10T292/0836Operating means
    • Y10T292/0843Gear
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0801Multiple
    • Y10T292/0848Swinging
    • Y10T292/0849Operating means
    • Y10T292/0856Gear
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/50Special application
    • Y10T70/5093For closures
    • Y10T70/5155Door
    • Y10T70/5199Swinging door
    • Y10T70/5246Dead bolts
    • Y10T70/5248Multiple
    • Y10T70/5252Sliding and swinging

Description

4 2 Sheets-Sheet 1. J. B. Huss. SAFE (No Model.)

No. 553,120. Patented Jan. 14, 1896.

ZZZZZ// (No Model.) 2 Sheets-Smet 2.

J. B. HUSS. .SAPR

No. 553,120. Y Patented Jan. 14, 1896.

31a/uente@ Wmme/o Jg jb/@TJ f ANURDN s :annumA Pnnraumawnsnmcnw. r '7.

vPATENT rtree.,I

JACOB B. HUSS, OF SPRING VALLEY, ILLINOIS.

SAFE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 553,120, dated January 14, 1896.

Application iiled J' une 6, 1893. Serial No. 476,746. (No model.)

To alt wiz/ont it' may concern:

Be it known that I, JACOB B. HUss, a citizen of Spring Valley, in the county of Bureau and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Locks for Safes; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to Which it appertains to make and use the same.

My invention relates to an improvement in locks for safes, the object of the invention being' to produce a simple and burglar-proof lock.

lVith this object in view the invention consists in certain novel features of construction and combinations and arrangements of parts as hereinafter set forth, and pointed out in the claims.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is an enlarged view of a portion of a safe showing the boltwork applied thereto. Fig. 2 is an enlarged detached view of the boltwork. Fig. 3 is a view ot' a modification. Fig. et is a vertical sectional view of the safe.

A and C represent the'outer and inner shells of the safe and B the outer door. Mounted in the door and extending only part way through the same is a spindle l, provided with two pinions 2 A series of preferably two vertical bolts i al are located within the door at opposite sides of the spindle l, and carry rack-bars 5 with which the pinion 2 is adapted to mesh so as to cause said bolts to move up and down, said bolts being adapted respectively to aliguwith recesses in the top and bottom Walls of the opening in the safe in Which the doortits. The outlets of the recesses are elongated for the reception of crossbars 8 on the ends of the bolts, which latter are adapted to be turned in a manner hereinafter described, so as to cause the cross-bars to extend across said elongated slots or outlets. TWO horizontal bolts 9 10 are arranged Within the door at opposite sides ot the spinw dle l, jand are provided with rack-bars 1l, with which the pinion 3 is adapted to mesh, whereby to throw or Withdraw said bolts 9 l0. The bolts S) l0 are also provided with crossbars S, adapted to enter and be turned in recesses or slots in the vertical Walls of the opening in which the door tits. The bolt lO is adapted to enter the slot or recess in the Wall of the opening in the safe at which the door is hinged, and on said bolt l0 (and the bolt 9, it desired) a crossebar l2 is loosely mounted'and prevented from movement longi tudinally of the bolt by means of a pin or proj ection 13. Sub-bolts 14 project from the ends of the cross-bar l2 and are adapted to enter recesses l5 in the Wall of the opening in the safe in which the door rits, at the side Wherethe door is hinged, thus providing additional means of security at the side or edge of the door Where the latter is hinged. A series of slides 17 are arranged Within the door, one

slide in proximity to each bolt, and each slide is provided with a rack-bar 1S, adapted to 'mesh with an elongated mutilated or partial gear 19 on the respective bolts. New it will be seen that, when the door is closed, by turning the spindle l, all the bolts Will be shot or thrown, and that by moving the slides longitudinally said bolts will be turned or partially rotated, thus causing the cross-bars at their l ends to become disposed across the elongated slots which form the outlets of the recesses in the Walls of the opening in the safe, into Which said bolts project. l t will also be seen that when the bolts are thus turned, after being thrown or shot, the rack-bars carried by the bolts will be thrown out of mesh with the pinions 2 3 carried by the spindle l, so that it' the spindle 1 be turned it Will not operate to vvithdravY the bolts.

Should the slides l T be not moved far enough to cause the rack-bars on the bolts to move out of alignment With the pinions 2 3, still the spindle l could not be turned to Withdraw the bolts, because the cross-bars at the ends of said bolts would be disposed across the elongated slots in the Walls of the openingin the safe, and the bolts could not therefore -be Withdrawn until the cross-bars are brought exactly in alignment with said elongated slots, and this could not be accomplished Without moving the slides 17 to the extremity of their movement. From this construction and ar rangement ot parts it Will be seen that in order to open the door it is necessary to cause two movements of the lock mechanism at right angles to each other. ln other Words,

it is necessary to first oscillate the bolts and Athen move them longitudinally.

IOO

Y mounted 'in the door and projects beyond the front face thereof and at its free end is provided with a knob or dial by means of which to turn it. The tube 24 is made with a, spiral Y slot 26 and Within said tube a longitudinallymovable rod 27 is located, and is provided with a pin 28 adapted to enter the spiral slot 2G, so that when the tube is turnedthe rod Will be moved longitudinally. The slides 17 are connected with a sleeve 29 mounted loosely on the spindle 1.

connected with the sleeve 2S), While the other end is'conneeted with the rod 27. From this construction and arrangement of part-s it will be seen that When the sleeve or tube 24 isV turned the rod 27 Will be moved and cause to slide the sleeve 29, whereupon the slides 17 Will be moved to oscillate the bolts, in the manner and for the purposes above described.

By constructing and arranging the lock-operating Vmechanism as above set forth it Will be seen that there is no direct path fory heat through the door, as the main spindle 1 passes only partially through the same, Whereas in locks as heretofore constructed the main spindle extends through the door and constitutes a continuous conductor for heat direct to the heart of the safe, said spindle often becoming red hot. Then the safe is closed the interior cylinder or safe proper, C, Will be turned so that its back will be adjacent to the door of the outer shell or armor A, With the interposed air-space between it and the outer shell or armor. Should the heat penetrate the outer shell or armor or be transmitted in any Way by the locking mechanism, it Would first 'encounter the air-space, and should it be sufficient to penetrate that it would be met by the back of the cylinder C, which, as before stated, is made of alternate layers of metal and non-conducting material.

lVhen the safe is locked, the bolts Will be thrown out of operative relation to the spindle 1, in the manner above explained, so that they cannot be operated by turning said spindle.

The inner cylinder or safe proper, C, Will be provided With vertical bolts 32 set into the Wall thereof, which bolt-s are adapted to enter sockets in the top and bottom of the armor or shell A, and can be operated by means of pinion and rack-bars the same as above eX4 plained, the dial or 'knob by means of which A lever 30 is located Within theV 'door and pivotally supported at a point between its ends, and one end of this Vlever is this lock is operated being countersunk in the Wall of the cylinder.

It may in some instances be desirable to extend the main spindle of the locking mechanism entirely through the ,door and arrange the means for operating the slides,'eoincident with said spindle and its knob or dial, as shown in Fig. 3, 'and this arrangement may be adopted for the lock last above described -f-viz., for locking the cylinder C to the armor or shell A. In this form of the loelcoperating mechanism the sleeve 29 is provided with a pin 35 adapted ,to enter a spiral slot 36 in a sleeve or tube 37 mounted loosely on the sleeve 29, and said sleeve or tube 37 Will be extended through the Wall of the door and provided at its ends Wit-h a Yknob or dial 3S. 37 and the spindle 1 Will be prevented from Vlongitudinal movement independently of each other by means of shoulders 39on the spindle 1.

Various other changes might be made in, the details of construction of my invention Without departing from the spirit thereof or limiting its scope, and hence I do not Wish to limit myself to the precise details of construction herein set forth; but,

Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is*

1. The combination With a safe havingan opening therein and a door adapted to close said opening, of a series of bolts adapted to enter slots in the Walls of said opening, spindle mounted in said door, pinions carried bysaid spindle, rack bars carried bythe bolts ad apted to mesh with said spindles, and means for rockin g the bolts axially whereby to throw said rack bars out of operative relation to said pinions, substantially as set forth.

2. The combination with a safe having an opening` therein and a door adapted to close said opening, of a series of bolts adapted to enter recesses in the Walls of said opening, a spindle mounted in' the door, pinions carried by said spindle, rack bars carried by the bolts, elongated mutilated gears also carried by said bolts, slides, rack bars carried by said slides and meshing with said elongated mutilated gears, and means for moving said slides whereby the bolts are turned and the rack bars carried thereby moved out of mesh with the gears carried by the main, spindle, substantially as set forth.

The combination With a safe having an opening therein and a door adapted to close said opening, of a series of bolts adapted to enter recesses in the Walls of said opening, a spindle mounted in the door, pinions carried by said spindle, rack bars carried by the bolts and adapted to mesh With said pinions, elongated mutilated gears carried by said bolts7 a series of slides, rack bars carried by said slides and adapted to mesh with said elongated mutilated gears, a sleeve secured to said slides, a tube revolubly mounted in the door,

rIhe sleeve IIO and provided with a spiral slot,l i rod within said tube, n pin on said rod and adapted to enter Said spiral slot, and a, lever pivot-ed between its ends; one end of said lever being connected with said rod and the other end of said lever being connected with said sleeve, substantially as set forth.

ei. The Combination with a Safe having` an opening' therein and a door adapted to eiose said opening, of a series of bolts adapted to enter recesses in the Walls of said opening, L spindle mounted in the door, pinions carried by said spindle, mok ban-s carried by said bolts and adapted to mesh with said pinions, a

pinion emiied by the end of Said spindle, an- I 5 ing witnesses.

JACOB B. HUSS. Writnesses:

J. L. MURPHY, WM. HAWTHORNE.

US553120A Jacob b Expired - Lifetime US553120A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2561129A (en) * 1946-03-16 1951-07-17 Robert D Mcbride Safety box structure
US20060025216A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Nintendo Of America Inc. Video game voice chat with amplitude-based virtual ranging
US20060025214A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Nintendo Of America Inc. Voice-to-text chat conversion for remote video game play

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2561129A (en) * 1946-03-16 1951-07-17 Robert D Mcbride Safety box structure
US20060025216A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Nintendo Of America Inc. Video game voice chat with amplitude-based virtual ranging
US20060025214A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Nintendo Of America Inc. Voice-to-text chat conversion for remote video game play

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