US54810A - Improvement in machines for tightening and securing the hoops of compressed bales - Google Patents

Improvement in machines for tightening and securing the hoops of compressed bales Download PDF

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US54810A
US54810A US54810DA US54810A US 54810 A US54810 A US 54810A US 54810D A US54810D A US 54810DA US 54810 A US54810 A US 54810A
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hoops
hoop
securing
tightening
machines
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B13/00Bundling articles
    • B65B13/02Applying and securing binding material around articles or groups of articles, e.g. using strings, wires, strips, bands or tapes
    • B65B13/025Hand-held tools
    • B65B13/027Hand-held tools for applying straps having preformed connecting means, e.g. cable ties
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/21Strap tighteners
    • Y10T24/2187Rack and pinion and circular tighteners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/19Gearing
    • Y10T74/19642Directly cooperating gears
    • Y10T74/1967Rack and pinion

Description

UNITED STATES PATENT y OFFICE..
RICHARD S. ADAMS, OF LOYD, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO HIMSELF AND GEORGE E. PARROTT, OF SAME PLAGE.
IMPROVEMENT IN MACHINES FOR TlGHTENlNG ANSECURING THEHOOPSOF COMPRESSED BALES.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 54,8 l0, dated May 15, 1866.
To all 'whom 'it may concern@ Be it known that I, RICHARD S. ADAMS, of Loyd, Ulster county, State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Machine for Tightening and Securing the Hoops of Gompressed Bales; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, which will enable others skilled in the art to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompan yin gdrawin gs, forming part of this specification, in which- Figure l is a longitudinal section of my improved machine, taken through the line x x, Fig. 3. Fig. 2 is a side view of the same; Fig.k 3, a longitudinal section of the same, taken through the line y y, Fig. 2, looking upward. Fig. 4 is a cross-section of the same, taken through theline z z, Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is a detail view ot' the outer side of one of the gripes. Fig. Gis a detail sectional view taken through the line a a', showing the inner side of one of the gripes.
Similar letters of reference indicate like parts.
My invention has for itsi object to furnish a machine by means of which the hoops may be drawn tightly around the bales and their ends secured to each other easily, securely, and cheaply, and it consists, iirst, of a machine formed by combining a pair of gripes, constructed as described, with each other, with the cog-wheel, ratchet-wheel, and pawl, and with the frame in which they are placed; and, second, of a punch, constructed as described, in combination with the machine, as hereinafter more fully described.
A is the frame in which the various parts of the machine are placed and by which they are connected together.
B are the gripes by which the ends 0f the hoops are grasped and drawn toward each other or tightened around the bale. b is the part of the gripe `against which the hoop is held by the plate b2. The face of the part b is made with a slight shoulder, as seen in Fig.
3, to enable the plate b2 to take a firmer hold upon the hoop. The plate b2 is pivoted to the part b3, as shown in Figs. 3, 5, and 6, and should have its edge slightly serrated, to enable it to take aiirmerA hold upon the hoop. b4 are long arms, to which the parts b', b2, and b3 are attached. Upon one side of each of these arms is formed a rack, as shown in Fig. 1.
O is a cog-wheel formed upon the shaft D,
which revolves inG bearings in the frame A, as
seen in Fig. `3. The cog-wheel C meshes into the racks formed on the arms b4, as seen in Fig. l, and by its revolutions moves the gripes simultaneously either inward or outward, as may be desired.
To the shaft D, on the outside of the frame A, is attached a ratchet wheel, E, into the teeth of which the pawl F drops and prevents the gripes B from being drawn apart by the strain of the hoop when the power which drew them together has been removed.
G is a punch attached to the end. of the screw H, by means of which the said punch is operated. The punch Ghas two cutting-edges, as shown in Fig. 4, which cut two slits in the hoop, and the strip between the slits is forced forward by the rounded face of the punch, as seen in Figs. '3 and 4, the two strips on each side of the central strip being forced back by the rounded face of the plate I, against which the hoop has been forced by the punch G. As the punch is again withdrawn by the screw H the elasticity of the hoop causes it to move back against or toward the frame A, so that a key may be placed in the opening thus formed between the strips into which the hoop has been cut. This key may be a narrow strip cut from the end of a waste piece of hoop-iron, an old nail, or any other convenient thing. The screw H and the shaft :D may be both operated by the same key, lever, or crank, as may be most convenient.
In using the machine, the armswb1 are run out, the plate I put next the hole, and the ends of the hoop J clamped in the gripes B. These gripes are then drawn in by operating the cogwheel C. This draws the hoop tightly around the bale, causing its ends to overlap, as shown in Fig. 3. When the hoop has been drawn sufiiciently tight the crank is removed from the shaftD and applied to the screw H, (the ratchetwheel E and pawl F keeping the gripes B from being drawn outward by the strain of the l1oop,) and the punch is forced forward against the overlapped ends of the hoop, forming-the opening for the key, as before described. The machine may then be removed from that hoop and applied to another one.
I have described my machine as operating upon iron hoops alone; but it is equally applicable to wooden hoops or to rope or wire bands,
except that in these latterl cases the punch need not be used. To enable the machine to be applied more readily to these latter uses, one of the arms b4 may be made longer than the other, so as to brin g the overlap of the hoops or bands at the end ot' the machine, for convenience in nailing;` the hoops or securing` the ends of the bands.
It should be observed that there may be atiached to the part bf of the gripes B a small spring, that will force the plate b2 without its being necessary to close the said plate with the hand.
I claim as newand desire to secure by Letters Patent-
US54810D Improvement in machines for tightening and securing the hoops of compressed bales Expired - Lifetime US54810A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4502905A (en) * 1982-09-30 1985-03-05 The Boeing Company Tying machine and method
US20020178164A1 (en) * 2001-03-16 2002-11-28 Maciej Wisniewski Sharing, managing and communicating information over a computer network

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4502905A (en) * 1982-09-30 1985-03-05 The Boeing Company Tying machine and method
US20020178164A1 (en) * 2001-03-16 2002-11-28 Maciej Wisniewski Sharing, managing and communicating information over a computer network

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