US545844A - brindle - Google Patents

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US545844A
US545844A US545844DA US545844A US 545844 A US545844 A US 545844A US 545844D A US545844D A US 545844DA US 545844 A US545844 A US 545844A
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spindles
copping
pulleys
frame
arms
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H54/00Winding, coiling, or depositing filamentary material
    • B65H54/02Winding and traversing material on to reels, bobbins, tubes, or like package cores or formers
    • B65H54/28Traversing devices; Package-shaping arrangements
    • B65H54/2896Flyers
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01HSPINNING OR TWISTING
    • D01H1/00Spinning or twisting machines in which the product is wound-up continuously
    • D01H1/04Spinning or twisting machines in which the product is wound-up continuously flyer type

Description

(N0 Model.) 3 Sheets-Smet 1. r J. BRINDLE.
SPINNING FRAME.
No@ 545,844. Patented sept.- 3,1895.-
FIG. 1.
(No Model.) 3 Sheetsf-Sheet 2.
J. BRINDLE. SPINNING FRAME. No. 545,844. Patented Sept. 3, 1895.
FIG. Z FIG. 3.
@M/96568: U i fyovenor:
Orneys.,
(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 3.
J. BRINDLE. SPINNING FRAME.
Patented Sept. 3, 1895.
vSO
Ntra *raras Fries.
JOSEPH BRINDLE, OF FAILSWORTH, ASSIGNOR OF TWO-THIRDS TO lOl-IN TAYLOR AND RICHARD LOVETT READE, OF SALE, ENGLAND.
SPINNING-FRAME.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 545,844, dated September 3, 1895.
Application niet May 22,1393. stanno. 475.153- (Nomodal-i To all whom it may concern:
Beit known that I, JOSEPH BRINDLE, a subject of the Queen of Great Britain, residing at Failsworth, in the county of Lancashire, England, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Spinning-Frames; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to improvements in twisting or spinning machines, and to the construction of the twisting-fliers and spindles, and has for its object to provide means for driving the spindles and iers and for raising and lowering the same to build up a cop thereon.
Reference is had to the accompanying drawings, in which like letters and numerals of reference denote corresponding parts in the several views. 4
Figure l represents a front elevation of a spinning-machine constructed in acccordance with my invention. Fig. 2 represents an end elevation of the same. Fig. 3 represents a detail view, on an enlarged scale, of one of the winding-spindles. Fig. 4t represents an end view of the same. Fig. 5 represents a detail view of the clutch and screw mechanism for raising and lowering the spindles, and Figs. 6 and 7 illustrate a modified form of spindle.
A A designates the frame of a spinning-machine of the Throstle type. A is the main shaft journaled in the said frame and carrying at one end fast and loose pulleys to receive motion from any suitable source of power, and B designates the winding-drum keyed upon the said shaft A. A bar E eX- tends across the front of the frame and is provided with bearings in which are journaled the flier-pulleys D each provided with an annular groove D3, in which runs aband or cord cl3 from the winding-drums'B to impart rotary motion to the said Hier-pulleys. These flier-pulleys are bored out axially to allow the spindles C to pass through, and the bar E is also bored'through in linewith the holes through the pulleys. A bar F is secureda short distance below the bar E and also provided with a series of holes corresponding with and in line below the holes in the said bar E. The oopping-rail G is arranged below the bar F to move vertically in the guides o, in the end of the frame A, and is supported upon rollers g2, journaled in the upper ends of the bell-crank levers G2, supported as will be hereinafter described. The copping-rail G is provided with a series of bearings directly in vertical line with the holes through the bars E and F. The spindles O pass through the Hier-pulleys D', the bar E, the spindle-pulleys C', the bar F, and are journaled at their lower ends in the bearings in the copping-rail G. The spindlepulleys O are provided with grooves O2, in which run bands or cords from the windingdrum B to impart rotary motion to the said pulleys, and these pulleys are mounted loosely upon the spindles C between the bars E and F, being journaled in the latter'. The spindles O, as shown in Fig. 3, are slotted longitudinally, as at O3, and provided with a loose collar O4, which is free to slide longitudinally thereon, but held from rotation by the pin C5, which passes through the said collar and the slot in the spindle. When the spindles'are in their operative position, as shown in Fig. l, the collars C4 will rest upon the top of the pulleys C and receive rotary motion by frictional contact therewith and thus rotate the spindles. The collars O4 may be weighted, in order to increase the friction, or they may be pressed in contact with the pulleys by means of 'a spring if desired. If found necessary in practice the abutting surfaces of the pulleys O and the collars C4l maybe covered with leather or other suitable material to increase the friction, the object being to give the proper drag 4or slip to the rotary motion of the spindles. A set of spindles, fliers, and operating mechanism is provided for each side of the machine, and both sets are operated from the same winding-drum B.
In the ends of the frame A below the drum B are journaled two rock-shafts H, each having two arms I-I, the arms from one of the said rock-shafts extending toward the front and the arms from the other extending toward the back of the machine. The bell-crank levers G2 are pivoted on the ends of the arms H', and
IOO
the upper arms of the said levers are provided with rollers g2, upon which the copping-rai'ls G and the sets of spindles carried thereby are supported. The lower arms of the bell-crank G2 extend down through slots in the cross-rail N and bear against rollers No carried by carriages N. These carriages are mounted so as to slide on the rail N and connected together by the rod N6, so as to act simultaneously on the lower arms G of the bell-crank levers G2. The helical spring N4 and pendent weight N5 hold the lower arms G of the bellcrank levers G2 against the rollers No of the carriages N and keep the roller N3 mounted on the right-hand carriage against the rotary peripheral cam N2, mounted in bearings on the rail N, and also hold the rollers g2 of the bellcrank levers G2 against the copping-rail G to support it and its set of spindles in their elevated position. lt will be seen that according to the cut of the rotating cam the carriage N2 will be forced toward the right hand of the frame, thereby lowering the copping-rail, and then carried back toward the left hand by the spring and weight, and that independently of the falling movement given to the copping-rail G by the arm Il carrying the bell-crank levers. This falling motion of the arm H is obtained in the following` manner: Outside the side frame is a screw J4, mounted in bearings between two transverse bars or rails J3 carried by brackets from the framing and short side boards or feet U. Upon these rails are fitted to slide the two inclined plates J2, having nuts JO, which take into the threads of the screw J, and upon these plates bear rollers J, carried by arms J, keyed to the outer ends of the rock-shaft H. The outer end of the screw J4 carries a hand-wheel M, by which it can be turned to adjust the position of the inclined plates J2 and raise the copping-rail and spindles previous to starting the spinning action of the frame. Centrally between the feet or standards supporting the screw J4 is mounted a worm-wheel J5 for automatically operating the screw and through the sliding plates J2 raising the copping-rail and spindles.
Rotary motion is communicated from the main shaft A by a spur-pinion I to the spurwheel 2, carried on astud-axle fromabracket bolted on the frame. Secured to this wheel is another spur-wheel 3, gearing with the spur-wheel 4, which carries the wheel 5, meshing with the idle-wheel 6, which is in gear with the spur-wheel 7. 0n the axle of this wheel 7 is a worm, gearing with the worm-wheel J 5, mounted loosely on the screw J4 and coupled thereto when required by the sliding clutch K. (Shown on an enlarged scale in Fig. 5.) This clutch K is fitted to the screw by a tongue-andgroove connection and thrown into and drawn out of gear with clutch-teeth 7c, formed on the boss of the worm-wheel by means of the forked disengaging-rod K', carried on one of the standards. The plates J2 having been previously adjusted, so as to bring their highest part under the rollers J',
in the manner described, the clutch K is then pushed into gear with the worm-wheel by the handle K. Motion will be transmitted to the screw J4, and the sliding plates J2 will be gradually drawn from under the rollers of arms J, rocking the shaft H gradually and loweringthearmsH,supporting the couplingrail.
Motion is transmitted from the main shaft A indirectly through the spur-wheels 2 to the spur-wheels 8, keyed on the shafts 9, and motion is transmitted from the shafts 9 to the inclined shafts O by miter-wheels lO, and from the lower ends of the inclined shafts O to the horizontal shaft R by other pairs of miter-wheels ll. This shaft R is furnished with a worm adapted to engage a worin-wheel N8 on the lower end of the axle of the peripherical cam N2, which, during its rotation, transmits through the bell-crank levers G2an independent up-and-down motion to the copping-rail, distributing the spun yarn and forming any desired shape of cop, according to the cut of the cam N2. By this compound rising-and-falling motion of the copping-rail, obtained from the united action of the in`- clined plates J2 and the peripherical cam N2,`
the winding of the cops on the spindles is commenced at the bottom of the cop, and while the spindles are gradually lowered by the action of the cam-plates J2, (acting through the rocking-arms J and H of the rock-shafts 11,) the cam N2 will, by its action on the bellcrank levers G2 G2, raise and lower or vibrate the copping-rail G during its gradual fall, so as to distribute the spun yarn as it is wound upon the spindles and built-up cops of any desired shape, which may be varied according to the cut given to the cam N2, which may be in use at the time.
)Viren the cop has been built up and ready for dofing, the clutch is disengaged from the wheel J5 by drawing out on the forked lever K by the handle K. The copping-plates J2 are then to be set back to their original position by turning the screw J4 by means of the hand-wheel M, previous to again starting the spinning action, as before mentioned. It will be, perhaps, convenient or necessary7 in some cases when dcfiingthe cops to adjust the height of the spindles. This can Vbe readily done after the disengagement of the drivingwheels from the screw J by turning the handwheel M so as to place the cops and the spindles ata convenient height for doffing.
P P are drawing-rollers of the usual character driven by a train of gear-wheels P from the spur-wheels 3 and supplied with sliver or roving from bobbins Q. When this improved spinning-frame is used for spinning or doubling or for any purpose where the spindle is not required to raise and fall, I use the modified construction of the spindle C, (shown in Figs. 6 and 7,) forming it with a collar or liange C2, which may be at any convenient or desired height on the spindle, and when in place the collar C6 will rest upon the ICO IIO
spindle-pulleys C', so that the spindle will be driven by frictional contact in like manner to the first arrangement.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is-
l. In a spinning machine, the combination of a reciprocating live spindle, a grooved pulley mounted on. the said spindle, a collar ccnnccted to the spindle and adapted to drive the same through frictional contact with the pulley and a flier standing up vertically from a loosely mounted pulley driven independently of the spindle, and means for rotating the spindles and iiiers, substantially as and for the purpose described.
2. In a spinning machine, the combination of the spindles C, pulleys C', mounted loosely on the said spindles, collars upon said spindles resting upon the said rollers, so as to transmit rotary motion by f rictional contact,
to the spindles the pulleys carrying iiiers ,to the roving or sliver, substantially as herein described.
3. In a spinning machine, the combination of the spindles C, pulleys C', mounted loosely on the said spindles, collars upon the said spindles resting upon the said rollers, so as to transmit rotary motion by frictional contact, to the spindles the pulleys carrying iiers mounted loosely on the spindles above the said pulleys C to allow of the rotation at high speed of the fliers independently of the spindles, to give the twisting or spinning action to the roving or sliver, and the copping rail G movably mounted in the frame and means for operating the several parts, substantially as described.
et. In a spinning machine, the combination with the iiiers and spindles, and copping rail supporting the spindles, of the slidingr plates J2, the rock shafts H, having the arms J and H', to lower the copping rail, bell crank levers G2, pivoted to the ends of the arms H', and bearing on the under side of the copping rail G, spring actuated sliding carriages N, bearing on a peripherical cam N2, to give to the bell crank levers the requisite vibrating motion to form the cop during the falling motion of the spindles, and means for operating the several parts, substantially as described.
5. In a spinning machine, the combination with the frame, bars E and F secured in the frame, copping rails G movably mounted in the said frame, spindles C journaled-in the said copping rails and passing through the bars E and F, pulleys C loosely mounted on the said spindles, collars C4slidingly mounted upon the said spindles to rest on the pulleys C and receive motion from the latter, and means for rotating the said pulleys, of the rock shafts II having the arms J and H', bell crank levers pivoted to the ends of the arms H and supporting the copping rails-G; sliding carriages N to move against the lower ends of the bell crank levers, means for holding the bell crank levers against the said sliding carriages, cams N2 bearing against the rollers on thc said sliding carriages to reciprocate the latter and transmit motion through the bell crank levers to the copping rails G, the inclined sliding plates J2 to raise and lower the arms J and rock the shafts H, to move the copping rails, and means for rotating the cams N2, and for sliding the plates J2, substantially as described.
6. In a spinning machine, the combination with the frame, bars E and F secured in the frame, copping rails G movably mounted in the said frame, spindles C journaled in the said copping rails and passing through the bars E and F, pulleys C mounted loosely on the said spindles between the bars E and F, collars C4 slidingly mounted upon the said spindles to rest on the pulleys C and receive motion from the latter; pulleys D carrying the fliers D, and loosely mounted upon the spindles C above the bars E, and means for rotating the said spindle and flier pulleys; of the rock shafts H having the arms J and H', bell crank levers pivoted to the end of the arms H and supporting the copping rails G; sliding carriages N to move against the lower ends of the bell crank levers, means forholding the bell crank levers against the said sliding carriages, cams N2 bearing against rollers on the said sliding carriages to reciprocate the latter and transmit motion through the bell crank levers to the copping rails G, the inclined sliding plates J2 to raise and lower the arms J and rock the shafts H, to move the copping rails, and means for rotating the cams N2, and for sliding the plates J2,substantially as described.
` JOSEPH BRINDLE.
Witnesses:
THOMAS BOOTH, WILLIAM BALL.
IOO
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3357170A (en) * 1965-05-20 1967-12-12 Zinser Textilmaschinen Gmbh Drawing frame with means for counter-balancing the weight of the bobbin carriage rail

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3357170A (en) * 1965-05-20 1967-12-12 Zinser Textilmaschinen Gmbh Drawing frame with means for counter-balancing the weight of the bobbin carriage rail

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