US545436A - abelson - Google Patents

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US545436A US545436DA US545436A US 545436 A US545436 A US 545436A US 545436D A US545436D A US 545436DA US 545436 A US545436 A US 545436A
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    • G07F5/00Coin-actuated mechanisms; Interlocks
    • G07F5/02Coin-actuated mechanisms; Interlocks actuated mechanically by coins, e.g. by a single coin


2 Sheets-Shet 1. A. ABELSON 82; L. LESSER. AUTOMATIC NEWSPAPER SELLING- APPARATUS. N0.f545,436. Patented Sept. 3,1895.
(No Model.)
WITAIESSES: INVENTOHS a s 1 9 46 LZMWM 7%M5 2%. 7.1446 1 ATTORNEY 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
(No Model.)
No. 545,436. Patented Sept. 3, 1895.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 545,436, dated September 3, 1895.
Application filed January'lii, 1896. Serial No. 534,945. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, ABRAHAM ABELSON and LOUIS LEssER,'citizens of the United States, and residents of the city and county of New York, in the State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Automatic Newspaper-Selling Apparatus, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to apparatus for delivering newspapers or similar periodicals upon the insertion of a coin or coins to force certain mechanism whereby a discharger may be operated to eject or forcea paper from the device within reach of a purchaser.
The chief merit of our invention is the simplicity of the design and the cheapness of construction.
The invention consists in the construction and novel arrangement of parts, as hereinafter specified, and particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a front elevation of a vending-machine embodying the invention. Fig. 2 is a section on the line 2 2 of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a partial plan view and a section on the line 3 3 of Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is an inuerside view of a coin-operated releasing mechanism employed. Fig. 5 is a View of -the opposite side thereof. Fig. 6 is an inside view of the releasing mechanism with the inner side plate removed. Fig. 7 is a section on the line 7 '7 of Fig. 6 with the inner side plate in place. Fig. 8 is a side elevation, on an enlarged scale, of the several operating parts together; and Fig. 9 is a front view of a discharger.
In the drawings we have shown accommodation for three different papers or periodicals; but of course there may be a greater or less number of compartments, as the operating mechanism of one compartment is the duplicate of that in another compartment.
Referring by reference-characters to the drawings, A designates a casing divided by vertical partitions a. and horizontal partitions a into a number of upper compartments A and lower compartments A The lower compartments are designed to contain the operating mechanism and the upper compartments are designed to receive suitably-folded papers, as indicated by the dotted lines w in Fig. 2. Each compartment A is provided at its lower front side with a slot or opening (1 through which the bottom paper of a series may be discharged, and the width of these openings or slots may be regulated by slides a (Here shown as mounted on the doors a By opening the doors a the properly folded papers may be inserted or placed in the compartments. The bottoms of the compartments A are provided with openings a, through which a coin from the releasing mechanism may fall to suitable receptacles'such, for instance, as drawers 0..
It is to be understood that the details of construction of the casing may be varied without departing from the spirit of the invention.
WVe will now describe the mechanism by which papers, may be forced out, one at'a time, upon theinsertion of a suitable coin'.
'B designates a discharger, mounted on and designed to slide longitudinally of a rod 1),
affixed to the under side of the partition a, which discharger is extended through a slot 1) in the partition 0., and above the plane of said partition it is provided with a transversely-"extended head 19 which is here shown as having teeth or serrations on its front side to engage the newspaper to be discharged. The discharger has a downward extension 12 from which a flexible connectionsuch as a cord li -extends around a horizontally-arranged pulley B and a vertically-arranged pulley 13 to a connection with a grooved wheel B mounted on the horizontal shaft 13*, The shaft has a bearing in a hanger b and extends through the front wall of the compartment A where it is provided with a handpiece I). By rotating the handpiece it is obvious that the discharger will be drawn forward, and by engaging the bottom paper of the series will force the same sufficiently through the slot of to be grasped by a purchaser. Upon releasing the handpiece the several parts will be returned to their normal position by means of a spring I), surrounding the rod 1) and abutting against the discharger.
We will now describe in detail the mechanism whereby the insertion of a coin will release the shaft B and allow it to be rotated.
0 indicates the lock-casing, having an outer plate 0 secured thereto in any desired manner--such, for instance, as by screws. One
of the plates (here shown as the outer plate) is provided in its inner side with a recess or chamber 0 within which the coin-disk O is designed to rotate. The coin-disk O is rigidly mounted on the shaft 13, which extends loosely through holes in the plates 0 c, as plainly shown. The disk 0' is provided at one edge with a notch 0 made substantially the size of a coin to be employedsuch as one cent-and when a coin is to be inserted this notch registers with a coin-chute 0 having an outward opening through the casing.
D is a spring-plate secured to the outer side of the plate 0 of the lock-casing, and cl is a locking-lug extended from the springplate D through an opening in the plate 0' and into an are-shaped slot 61, formed in the disk 0. The upper end of the spring-plate D bears against the outer end of a horizontally-swinging finger (1 having pivotal connection with the casingO. This finger d projects through an opening in the plate 0' and into the line of movement of a coin in the notch 0 The operation of this device is as follows:
' Afterinsertingacoin,the handpiece isturned to the left. This will cause the coin in the notch c to engage the finger d and force the spring-plate D outward and draw the lug d out of the slot d. After the lug shall have passed the upper end wall of the slot, the coin will be discharged through an opening (1 in the inner plate 0, and then the shaft may be continued in its rotation todischarge apaper. It will be seen that the slot dis shorter than the distance between the opposite sides of the notch 0 so that in case a'coin is not inserted the lug d will engage against the upper end wall of the slot before the wall-of the notch 0 can reach the finger (Z thus prevent-.
ing a further rotation of the parts. The opening (1 is normally at one side of the normal position of thenotch 0 so that a coin will be allowed to operate the parts before being discharged.
As a means to insure the discharge of a coin at the proper time, we employ an ejector in the form of a plug D, extended through an opening in the plate '0. plug is preferably rounded,so that it will not interfere with the movement of a coin. In its movement over the plug the coin will force the plug outward against the resistance of a spring (Z in a boxing d andwhen the coin shall have fully reached the opening 01 the spring will force the plug inward and consequently eject the coin, which will fall into the coin-receptaclc.
This apparatus is not limited to the sale of one-cent newspapers or newspapers of one particular price only. The number of releasing mechanisms on the rotating shaft B may be multiplied according to the price of a given newspaper, and the shaft will notrotate until coins have been'inserted into each of them. Thus, for the sale of athree-cent newspaper we mount upon the shaft B three The head of this lock-releasing mechanisms. Each of these mechanisms will prevent the shaft from being rotated until one cent is inserted into it, and the shaft will rotate, causing the discharger to force out the bottom newspaper when a cent shall have been inserted into each of the three slots.
Having described our invention, what we claim is 1. In a vending machine, the combination with a casing, of a horizontally movable discharger, a rotary shaft, a flexible connection between said shaft and discharger and a lock releasing mechanism for said shaft operated by the insertion of a coin, substantially as specified.
2. In a vending machine, the combination with a casing, having the upper and lower compartments of the discharger extended into each of said compartments, a rod upon which the discharger moves, the return spring, the horizontal shaft in the lower compartment, a wheel on said shaft, a flexible connection between said wheel and discharger, and a lock releasing mechanism for the shaft rendered operativebythc insertion of acoin, substantially as specified.
3. In a vending machine, the combination with a casing, a discharger, a rotary shaft and a connection between the discharger and shaft, of a locking mechanism, comprising a casing, a notched disk in said casing and rigidly mounted on the shaft, a coin chute registering with the normal position of the notch, a locking lug engaging with the disk and means for releasing the lug from the disk by the rotary movementof a coin, substantially as specified.
4. In a vending machine, the combination engaging against the spring plate and ex tended into the line of movement of a coin, carried by the disk, substantially as specified. 5. The combination with a discharging mechanism comprising a rotary shaft, of the lock casing consistingof the two plates, a notched disk mounted on the shaft and movable in a recess formed in one of said plates, the spring plate having a lug extended into an are shaped slot in said disk, a horizontally swinging finger operated by the movement of a coin to release thelug from the disk and the coin ejector, substantially as specified.
In testimony that we claim the foregoing as our invention we have signed our names, in presence of two Witnesses, thistlth day of January, 1895.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5996841A (en) * 1997-03-25 1999-12-07 Cutting Edge Industries, Inc. Modular front loading rotary coin vending machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5996841A (en) * 1997-03-25 1999-12-07 Cutting Edge Industries, Inc. Modular front loading rotary coin vending machine

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