US54224A - Improvement in steam-plows - Google Patents

Improvement in steam-plows Download PDF


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US54224A US54224DA US54224A US 54224 A US54224 A US 54224A US 54224D A US54224D A US 54224DA US 54224 A US54224 A US 54224A
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    • A01B5/00Ploughs with rolling non-driven tools, e.g. discs
    • A01B5/10Ploughs with rolling non-driven tools, e.g. discs mounted or partly-mounted on tractors
    • A01B5/12Ploughs with rolling non-driven tools, e.g. discs mounted or partly-mounted on tractors without alternating possibility


Steam Plow.
No. 54,224. Patented Apr. 24, 1866. a
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, G1BsoN SrMoNsoN, of Mount Oarme],Franklin county, Indiana, have invented new and useful Improvements in Steam-Plows; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making part of this specification.
My invention relates to devices for starting and stopping the machine, and for changing the course thereof, and to devices for securing and presenting the plows and earthing and unearthing the same.
A is a frame having nearly the form of a right-angled triangle, and being supported on traction and ground wheels B and G in rear and upon a guide-wheel, D, in front. The wheels B and O are mounted upon a common axle, E, journaled horizontallyin the frame, 13 being firmly keyed to said axle, and 0 running loosely thereupon.
The axle d of the front wheel, D, revolves in a swivel, E, Whose shank f is journaled vertically in the frame, and is surmounted by a segment-rack, G, to which gears a pinion, H, on the shaft of a hand-wheel or tiller,.I.
J is an angular or L-formed frame, called the gravitating plow-frame, hinged to the main frame A by means of universal joints at K and K, of which the joint K is adjustable in height in a slot, L, in the main frame.
From the upper part of the transverse limb of the frame J there project eyes M, to which the upper ends of the sheaths N of the plows O are pivoted. The plows thus suspended are still further secured, and also adjusted in pitch, by means of perforated cheeks P and pins 19.
Properly secured to the main frame are a steam-generator, Q, and steam-engine 1%, which may be of any approved construction.
. S is the crank-shaft, driven from the engine in the customary manner, and carrying driving-pulleys T and U.
The pulley T has a slack-belt connection with a pulley, V, on a counter-shaft, W, which shaft carries a pinion, X, gearing in a spurwheel, Y, upon the main axle.
When it is desired to propel the machine forward, an idler-pulley, Z, journaled in a yoke, a, is made to press upon the belt b by means of a lever, 0, whose counter-arm 01 operates on an arm, which projects from the shaft f, to which the yoke a is attached.
The course of the machine is controlled by a person riding on front part of the platform,
., by means of the tiller I.
The driving-pulley U. is connected, by belt 9, to a pulley, h on a horizontal shaft, t, having a pinion, j, which, when the wheel D has been turn ed a quarter-circle out of the direct course, gears with interior cogs, 7g, on the said wheel D, so that by starting the crank-shaft forward or backward the front part of the machine is caused to swing either to the right or left around the traction-wheel as a center.
Z is a shaft supported upon the main frame in two horizontal bearings, m and n, of which the bearin g m is either swiveled to the frame or sufficiently loose around the shaft to allow of a slight horizontal play, while the bearing a is attached to a lever, 19, whose movement is in a vertical arc longitudinal of the frame.
One end of the shaft 1 carries a pulley, q, convexly cylindrical, with the exception of a concave facet or scallop, g, which fits the periphery of a pulley, t, on the shaft 2'. The other end of the shaft I has a pulley, s, to whose periphery is attached a cord or chain, t, which, extending rearward over a pulley, u, passes downward. and is made fast to the gravitatin g plow-frame J.
The operation of the machine is as follows The desired number of plows having been suspended to the gravitating frame J and set to the desired pitch by means of the adjustment of the joint K and pins 19, and steam having been raised and the steam engine started, the pulley q, being 110w brought into contact with the pulley 1", acts to elevate the gravitating plow-frame, with its plows, clear of the ground, and to hold them in the elevated position as long as the concave part q of the pulley q is held in contact with the pulley r. The idler-pulley Z being now depressed, the motive power is directed to propellingthe traction-wheel B, and the machine now moves forward in its desired course, in obedience to the tiller I in the hands of the steersman.
The machine having reached the properplace for commencement of the plowing operation, the idler Z is momentarily released and the gang of plows is allowed to descend into the ground, in which they bury themselves on the starting forward of the machine.
The end of a through having been reached, the plows are again unearthed, and the wheel D having been brought into gear with the pinion j, the steam-engine is started backward' by means of the tiller I, so as to enable the turning of the machine to the right or left by power under control of the operator.
3. The gravitati n g plow-frame J, capable of being set in or out of pitch by means of the swiveled and adjustable joint K L.
4. The devices M N P p, for the suspension and adjustment of the plows relatively to the main frame.
5. The arrangement of vibrating shaft Z, lever 19, scalloped pulley q q, pulleys r, s, and u, shaft i, and chain 15, or their equivalents, for unearthing the gang of plows, in the manner explained.
In testimony of which invention I hereunto set my hand.
US54224D Improvement in steam-plows Expired - Lifetime US54224A (en)

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