US539463A - Device for recovering gold or precious metals from streams - Google Patents

Device for recovering gold or precious metals from streams Download PDF

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US539463A
US539463A US539463DA US539463A US 539463 A US539463 A US 539463A US 539463D A US539463D A US 539463DA US 539463 A US539463 A US 539463A
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box
brush
sluice
frame
track
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/88Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with arrangements acting by a sucking or forcing effect, e.g. suction dredgers

Description

2 Sheets-Sheet 1.

(No Model.)

1. WHALER. DEVICE FOR REGOVERING GOLD 0R PRECIOUS METALS FROM STREAMS.

Patented May 21, 1895.

WITNESSES.

cc. Moromma. WA$HlNOTON o c (No Model.) 2 SheetsSheet 2.

.1. WHALER; DEVICE FOR RBGOVERING GOLD OR PRECIOUS METALS FROM STREAMS. No. 539,463. Patente-d'May 21, 1895.

WITNESSES Ui\ni 1eo STATES PATENT OF ICE.

IRA WHALER, or CANTON, OHIO.

DEVICE FOR RECOVERING GOLD 0R PRECIOUS METALS FROM STREAMS.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 539,463, dated May 21, 11895.

- Application filed January 7, 1895- Serial No. 534,02l. (No model.)

T0 60% whom it'may concern.-

Be it known that I, IRA WHALER, a citizen of the UnitedStates, residing at Canton, in the county of Stark and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improve-- ments in Devices for Recovering Gold or Precious Metals from Streams; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and

exact description of the same, reference being had to the annexed drawings, making a part of this specification, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, in which- Figure 1 is an isometrical view of the sluicebox and track, showing a brush or broom properly located on the track, also showing the dead-water box open. Fig. 2 is a View showing the mouth end of the sluice-box and illustrating one of the adjustable side walls properly attached thereto. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section of the sluice-box, showing the position of the operating ropes or chains, also showing the dead-water box. Fig. 4. is a detached view of the scoop, showing its slide properly located therein. Fig. 5 is an end view of the dead-water box, showing the same closed. Fig. 6 is a side view of the sluice-box, deadwater box, and the extension to be located in front of the mouth of the sluice-box. Fig. 7 is a detached view of the extended frame, showing the adj nstable walls properly located and illustrating a brush properly adjusted thereto. Fig. 8 is a view showing the inner ends of the track-rails, together with their pivotal attachment and elevating-wires.

The present invention has relation to devices for recovering gold and precious metals from the bottom of streams or bodies of water, and it consists in the different parts and combination of parts hereinafter described, and

weight-bars are securely attached to the box A, in any convenient and well known manner.

The front or forward end of the box A is provided with the flaring sides I), which flaring sides are securely attached to the front or forward end of the box A. The rear end of the box A, is provided with the dead Water box or. compartment 13, to which are hinged the door 0 and the cover d, said parts being located and arranged substantially as shown in the'drawings.

In the drawings I have illustrated but one dead water box, but it will be understood that tially as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 3, and the front or forward ends of said track-bars secured together by means of the cross-bar e.

For the purpose of sweeping the bottom of a stream in front of the track-bars O, the extended frame D, is provided, which is'supported at the required height by means of to the frame, or if desired they may be formed integral with some part of the frame.

For the purpose of properly closing the sides of the frame D the flexible walls g, are provided, which flexible walls are preferably formed of canvas or like material. Forthe purpose of causing the bottom edges of the walls to come in close contact with the bottom of the stream, their bottom orlower edges are weighted, either at intervals, as illustrated by the metal blocks h, or a chain may be secured to the bottom or under edge of the flexible walls g, as the only object to be accomplish'ed is to hold the bottom edges of the wall 9 in close contact with the bottom or bed of the stream.

For the'purpose of assisting in holding the flexible walls in a vertical position, the corks It, are provided, which corks are secured in any convenient and well known manner to the top or upper edge of the flexible walls g. The front or forward portion of the frame D, is provided with the roller is, around which the legs f, which legs are securely attached water. In the drawings I have shown the roller formed of considerable length, but

it will be understood that said roller may be formed shorter without departing from the nature of my invention. The cord k is extended and attached to the brush E, substantially as illustrated in Fig. 7. To the opposite side of the brush E is attached the cord k which cord extends under the roller 10 or its equivalent.

The object and purpose of providing the cords 7.2 and k is to provide for moving the brush E, back and forth within the space inclosed by the frame D and the flexible walls 9. It will be understood, that as the cord 70 is pulled upward, the brush E will be drawn toward the front of the frame, and as the cord k is drawn upward the brush will be moved toward the rear end of the frame, or in other words brought toward the open end of the box A.

It will be understood thatas the brush E is moved back and forth upon the bottom or bed of a stream, the loose particles will become detached from the bed, and by the movement of the water and the brush, said loose particles will be carried forward toward the open end of the sluice box A. For the purpose of guiding the loosened particles toward the sluice box A, the flexible walls gare provided, which flexible walls are located and arranged substantially as shown in Figs.6 and 7.

For the purpose of holding the flexible walls g, the eyes 9 are provided, which eyes are attached to the canvas, and are placed over the upright pins 9 which pins are for the purpose of properly stretching the canvas. The track rails O are pivotally attached at their inner ends to the arms F, which arms are securely attached to the cross-bar F, which cross-bar is located in the sluice box A. Upon the track rails C is located the traveling frame G, which traveling frame is provided with the traveling wheels h.

To the frame G, is securely attached the brush H, which brush is preferably formed of steel wires; but it will be understood that other material may be used in the formation of the brush H, without departing from the nature of my invention. For the purpose of inclosing the space within which the brush H is to be operated, the adjustable or flexible walls I are provided, one of said walls being attached to the flaring side pieces I), and the opposite end attached to the rear pins 9 said walls being provided with corks k and weights 71 In use when itis desired to operate my device the sluice box A, together with its dif; ferent parts is lowered to the bottom or bed of a stream or body of water, by means of the ropes or chains K, K and K which ropes or chains are securely attached to the sluice box A, and the track rails at their bottom or lower ends. Y It will be understood that at the time the sluice box together with its different parts is lowered for use the door 0, and the cover d, should be opened, as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 3. After the sluice box together with its different parts has been properly placed at the bottom or bed of a stream or body of water, the brush II is moved back and forth upon the track rails by means of the cords or chains J and J, which cords or chains are attached to the frame G in any convenient and well known manner. When it is desired to draw the brush I-I toward the mouth of the sluice box, the rope or chain J, is drawn upward, thereby moving the brush toward the sluice box. After the brush II has been drawn into the sluice box, the wires L are drawn upward, thereby elevating the inner ends of the track-bars O, which in turn elevates the brush H. The opposite ends of the track-bars C, are elevated by means of the ropes or chains K and while the tracks are in an elevated position the brush II is moved away from the sluice box by means of the rope or chain J. After the brush H has been carried the desired distance from the open end of the sluice box, the track rails are lowered so as to cause the brush H to ride on the bottom of the bed of a stream, when it is again brought toward the sluice box.

It will be understood that the sluice box A, may be moved along the bed of a stream, Ehereby changing the position of the sluice It will be understood that as the water passes through the sluice box, the gold ore,

dust or nuggets, together with gravel and sand will be carried into the dead water box 13, where it will lodge.

After the brush has operated as above de scribed for the desired length of time, the door 0, is closed by drawing or pulling the cord K upward, after which the cord K is drawn upward, which closes the cover (Z, thereby inclosing the dead water box B, after which the entire device is elevated to the surface of the water andplaced in a vessel or upon the bank of a stream.

When it is desired to operate the brush E, in connection with the brush H, the frame 13, together with its different parts is attached to the bar 6 by means of the eyes f, and the pins 9 For the purpose of holding the cover cl in a closed position, the spring catches d are provided, which spring catches. are located upon the outer side of the door 0 substantially as illustrated in Fig. 5. For the purpose of holding the cover cl in the position illustrated in Fig. 1, the bars 61 are provided, which bars are located and arranged substantially as shown in Fig. 5.

For the purpose of spreading the bottom or lower ends ofitthe wires L, the cross-bar L is provided, which cross-bar is located a short distance above the sluice box, as illustrated in Fig. 6.

.scoop, or rather the traveling scoop A is placed upon the track rails O, and is moved back and forth by means of the ropes or chains A and A Within the scoop A is located the slide A, which slide moves back and forth within the scoop upon the guide rails A In use the scoop is operated in substantially Y the same manner as that of the brush H, except, that when the scoop has been brought into the sluice box the rope or cord A is drawn forward, thereby moving the slide A forward and emptying the scoop, the contents of which are delivered into the sluice box A.

The scoop A is provided with the frame A", which frame is provided with traveling wheels A It will be understood that for the purpose of properly controlling the different ropes or chains, pulleys, such as B, B and others if necessary as K are to be employed.

It will be understood that the bottom or lower ends of the wires L, should be attached in a convenient and well known manner to the track rails O.

For the purpose of causing the flow of the water to assist in moving the particles gathered by the scoop, and. the brushes toward, and into the dead water box, the open end of the sluice box A, should be placed toward the source or head of the stream.

The dead water box B, is located at the end of the sluice box A, and adjacent thereto,'by which arrangement the heavy or rich particles will find their way to the bottom of the dead Water box, and the lighter substances will be carried over the dead water box, thereby collecting in the dead water box the richer particles, by which arrangement a separation will be brought about.

Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. The combination of a sluice box, provided with a dead water box, track rails pivotally attached to the sluice box, and a brush, suspended from the track rails, and means for moving the brush and elevating the track rails, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

2. The combination of a sluice box provided with flaring sides, and having pivotally attached to said sluice box track rails a flexible wall located at the side of the track rails, and a brush suspended from the track rails, and means for moving the brush back and forth upon the track rails, and a dead water box, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

3. The combination of the sluice box A, provided with a dead water box, a brush suspended from a track, and means for operating the brush, the door 0, provided with spring catches d, the cover d, and means for closing the cover, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

4. The combination of a sluice box, provided with track rails, a frame as D, provided with the pins or standards g canvas walls weighted at their bottom or lower edges, and the brush E, located within the frame D, and means for operating the brush, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

5. The combination of the track rails O, the

sluice box A, 'the'arms F, carrying the track.

rails, the cross-bars F and the wires L, secured to said track rails and a traveling brush, suspended from the track rails.

6. The combination of the frame D, provided with the legs f, the pins g and the bar e, provided with the eyes f the brush E, and means for operating the brush, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

In testimony that I claim the above I have hereunto subscribed my namein the presence of two witnesses.

IRA WI-IALER.

Witnesses:

F. W. BOND, E. A. 0. SMITH.

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080197689A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2008-08-21 Brian Rothery Non-motorized gold mining apparatus
US20100019562A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2010-01-28 Brian Rothery Non-Motorized Gold Mining Apparatus
US9951496B2 (en) * 2011-03-18 2018-04-24 Susanne F. Vaughan Systems and methods for harvesting natural gas from underwater clathrate hydrate deposits

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080197689A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2008-08-21 Brian Rothery Non-motorized gold mining apparatus
US7597401B2 (en) * 2007-02-15 2009-10-06 Brian Rothery Non-motorized gold mining apparatus
US20100019562A1 (en) * 2007-02-15 2010-01-28 Brian Rothery Non-Motorized Gold Mining Apparatus
US8240775B2 (en) 2007-02-15 2012-08-14 Brian Rothery Non-motorized gold mining apparatus
US9951496B2 (en) * 2011-03-18 2018-04-24 Susanne F. Vaughan Systems and methods for harvesting natural gas from underwater clathrate hydrate deposits

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