US5302223A - Permanent heat sensitive transfer printing process - Google Patents

Permanent heat sensitive transfer printing process Download PDF

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Publication number
US5302223A
US5302223A US07724610 US72461091A US5302223A US 5302223 A US5302223 A US 5302223A US 07724610 US07724610 US 07724610 US 72461091 A US72461091 A US 72461091A US 5302223 A US5302223 A US 5302223A
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Prior art keywords
heat sensitive
ink solids
medium
sensitive ink
temperature
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US07724610
Inventor
Nathan Hale
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Sawgrass Systems Inc
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Sawgrass Systems Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M5/00Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein
    • B41M5/26Thermography ; Marking by high energetic means, e.g. laser otherwise than by burning, and characterised by the material used
    • B41M5/382Contact thermal transfer or sublimation processes
    • B41M5/38257Contact thermal transfer or sublimation processes characterised by the use of an intermediate receptor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41FPRINTING MACHINES OR PRESSES
    • B41F16/00Transfer printing apparatus
    • B41F16/02Transfer printing apparatus for textile material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/005Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by bringing liquid or particles selectively into contact with a printing material
    • B41J2/01Ink jet
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/315Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by selective application of heat to a heat sensitive printing or impression-transfer material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/315Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by selective application of heat to a heat sensitive printing or impression-transfer material
    • B41J2/32Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by selective application of heat to a heat sensitive printing or impression-transfer material using thermal heads
    • B41J2/325Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by selective application of heat to a heat sensitive printing or impression-transfer material using thermal heads by selective transfer of ink from ink carrier, e.g. from ink ribbon or sheet
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J3/00Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed
    • B41J3/407Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed for marking on special material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M3/00Printing processes to produce particular kinds of printed work, e.g. patterns
    • B41M3/12Transfer pictures or the like, e.g. decalcomanias
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M5/00Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein
    • B41M5/025Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein by transferring ink from the master sheet
    • B41M5/0256Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein by transferring ink from the master sheet the transferable ink pattern being obtained by means of a computer driven printer, e.g. an ink jet or laser printer, or by electrographic means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M5/00Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein
    • B41M5/025Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein by transferring ink from the master sheet
    • B41M5/035Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein by transferring ink from the master sheet by sublimation or volatilisation of pre-printed design, e.g. sublistatic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M7/00After-treatment of prints, e.g. heating, irradiating, setting of the ink, protection of the printed stock
    • B41M7/009After-treatment of prints, e.g. heating, irradiating, setting of the ink, protection of the printed stock using thermal means, e.g. infrared radiation, heat
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C1/00Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects
    • B44C1/16Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects for applying transfer pictures or the like
    • B44C1/165Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects for applying transfer pictures or the like for decalcomanias; sheet material therefor
    • B44C1/17Dry transfer
    • B44C1/1712Decalcomanias applied under heat and pressure, e.g. provided with a heat activable adhesive
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C1/00Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects
    • B44C1/16Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects for applying transfer pictures or the like
    • B44C1/165Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects for applying transfer pictures or the like for decalcomanias; sheet material therefor
    • B44C1/17Dry transfer
    • B44C1/1712Decalcomanias applied under heat and pressure, e.g. provided with a heat activable adhesive
    • B44C1/1716Decalcomanias provided with a particular decorative layer, e.g. specially adapted to allow the formation of a metallic or dyestuff layer on a substrate unsuitable for direct deposition
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D11/00Inks
    • C09D11/30Inkjet printing inks
    • C09D11/32Inkjet printing inks characterised by colouring agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D11/00Inks
    • C09D11/30Inkjet printing inks
    • C09D11/32Inkjet printing inks characterised by colouring agents
    • C09D11/328Inkjet printing inks characterised by colouring agents characterised by dyes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D11/00Inks
    • C09D11/30Inkjet printing inks
    • C09D11/34Hot-melt inks
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS, OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P5/00Other features in dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form
    • D06P5/003Transfer printing
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS, OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P5/00Other features in dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form
    • D06P5/003Transfer printing
    • D06P5/004Transfer printing using subliming dyes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS, OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P5/00Other features in dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form
    • D06P5/003Transfer printing
    • D06P5/004Transfer printing using subliming dyes
    • D06P5/006Transfer printing using subliming dyes using specified dyes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS, OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P5/00Other features in dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form
    • D06P5/003Transfer printing
    • D06P5/007Transfer printing using non-subliming dyes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03GELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY
    • G03G15/00Apparatus for electrographic processes using a charge pattern
    • G03G15/65Apparatus which relate to the handling of copy material
    • G03G15/6588Apparatus which relate to the handling of copy material characterised by the copy material, e.g. postcards, large copies, multi-layered materials, coloured sheet material
    • G03G15/6591Apparatus which relate to the handling of copy material characterised by the copy material, e.g. postcards, large copies, multi-layered materials, coloured sheet material characterised by the recording material, e.g. plastic material, OHP, ceramics, tiles, textiles
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03GELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY
    • G03G9/00Developers
    • G03G9/08Developers with toner particles
    • G03G9/09Colouring agents for toner particles
    • G03G9/0926Colouring agents for toner particles characterised by physical or chemical properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M5/00Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein
    • B41M5/025Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein by transferring ink from the master sheet
    • B41M5/035Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein by transferring ink from the master sheet by sublimation or volatilisation of pre-printed design, e.g. sublistatic
    • B41M5/0356Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein by transferring ink from the master sheet by sublimation or volatilisation of pre-printed design, e.g. sublistatic characterised by the inks used for printing the pattern on the temporary support or additives therefor, e.g. dyes, transferable compounds, binders or transfer promoting additives
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03GELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY
    • G03G2215/00Apparatus for electrophotographic processes
    • G03G2215/00362Apparatus for electrophotographic processes relating to the copy medium handling
    • G03G2215/00443Copy medium
    • G03G2215/00523Other special types, e.g. tabbed
    • G03G2215/00527Fabrics, e.g. textiles

Abstract

An image is permanently printed on an object by capturing the image, printing heat sensitive ink solids by thermal means onto a medium, and then transferring the ink solids from the medium to the object by applying sufficient heat to the ink solids to cause the heat sensitive ink to permanently bond to the object in the desired image. The heat sensitive transfer ink is printed onto the medium by thermal printing means at a temperature which will release and print the ink, but which is below the temperature which will cause the heat sensitive ink to bond permanently. The image is then transferred from the medium onto the object at a higher temperature which will cause the sensitive ink to permanently bond to the object.

Description

This application is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 07/549,600, filed Jul. 9, 1990.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to printing generally and more specifically relates to a method of transferring a design onto an object by means of printing heat sensitive ink in the desired design onto paper or other printable material by thermal means at a relatively low temperature, then transferring the design from the paper or printable material to an object on which the design is to permanently appear at a higher temperature which will cause the heat sensitive ink to bond to the object.

Words and designs are frequently printed onto clothing and other textile materials, as well as other objects. Common means of applying such designs to objects include the use of silk screens, and mechanically bonded thermal transfers. Silk screen process is well known in the art, and a mechanical thermal process to textile materials is described in Hare, U.S. Pat. No. 4,244,358.

The use of computer technology has allowed almost instantaneous printing of images. For example, video cameras or scanning may be used to capture an image on magnetic media such as computer hard disks or floppy disks. The image may then be printed by any suitable printing means, including mechanical thermal printers, wet printed (inkjet) heat sensitive transfers and laser printers.

The process of thermal transfers by mechanical means is described in Hare, U.S. Pat. No. 4,773,953. The art, as developed under this patent, is well known and defined in practice. The resulting mechanical image, as transferred, is a surface bonded image with a raised plastic like feel to the surface. The resulting printed image is stiff to the feel, has poor dimensional stability when stretched and poor color range.

Certain ink solids bond to or dye fabrics or other materials as a result of the application of heat. These ink solids liquify or sublimate upon the application of heat. Sublimation ink solids have been applied from pre-printed media, but the printing of such media with heat sensitive inks has not been done by thermal means at a temperature lower than that which activates the heat sensitive ink.

Sublimation ink solids change to a gas typically in a range of 140° F.-500° F., depending upon the particular ink solid chosen. Once the sublimation occurs, bonding of the ink solid to the application takes place, the ink is permanent and highly resistant to change or fading caused by laundry products.

SUMMARY OF THE PRESENT INVENTION

The present invention uses ink solids which may be affixed to an object by applying heat. This heat sensitive ink solid is transferred in the desired design by means of a thermal printer onto a medium, which will most commonly be paper. This initial thermal printing takes place at a temperature which is below that which will liquefy or sublimate the ink solid.

The image is then transferred from the medium onto the desired material. Dye diffusion, sublimation or other activation of the heat sensitive ink solid does not take place at the time of transfer from the ribbon to the print medium, but rather takes place at the time of the transfer of the image from the medium to the object onto which the image is to be applied. Accordingly, a higher temperature is used to apply the image from the medium than is used to print the image onto the medium.

The present invention allows the desired image to be transferred onto a medium almost instantaneously from the creation of the image. This image may be then permanently transferred from the medium onto the object on which it is to be displayed either at the same time, or "stored" by means of the medium to be permanently applied later as desired.

The process allows relatively low volumes of the design to be produced and printed onto a medium by thermal printing means using heat sensitive ink solids. By heat activating the heat sensitive transfer ink solids at the time of application of the image onto the object on which it is displayed, the design has a look of being "dyed in" when applied to a textile material. The image does not look or feel as though it has been topically applied. The image will stretch and move as the fabric moves, and is permanently affixed to the object.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing the printing process.

FIG. 2 illustrates an example of a design printed by a printer using the printing process.

FIG. 3 is a diagram illustration showing exemplary elements of computer and printing systems which could be used to achieve the printing process.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

In the preferred embodiment, a video camera or scanning device 2 may be used to capture an image 3. This image is then input into a computer 4. The computer directs a thermal printer 6 to print the image.

Any means of inputting an image into a computer may be used. Available computer design graphic software may be used, or still photography may be used. The design may be photographic, graphic artistic, or simply letters or words.

Virtually any thermal printer which will print in response to a computer may be used. In most applications, a printer which will print in multiple colors is desirable. A thermal printer which will print in what is known as "four pass" (four color) or "three pass" (three color) may be preferred.

In the present invention, ink solids are used, and are transferred to a medium in a dry, solid form by the printer. In the preferred embodiment, the heat sensitive transfer ink solids are transferred onto the medium, such as paper, by the printer from a ribbon on which the ink solids are bound.

The ribbon to be used with the printer may be a polyester ribbon. The dry ink solids may be retained on the polyester ribbon by the use of wax. The printer, such as a thermal printer, will transfer the ink in the desired design and colors from the ribbon to the medium at a temperature which is sufficient to release the ink solids from the binder, such as wax, but which is below the temperature which will cause any substantial liquification or sublimation of the ink solids. Typically, the binder will melt in a range of 130° F. to 225° F., so that the thermal printing of the ink solids onto the medium will take place within this range. The temperature range will, however, be dependent on the thermal printing means.

The quality of the image is achieved in part through the use of a means such as a ribbon to which the heat sensitive transfer ink solids are bonded by means of wax. The wax is melted by the thermal printer, which releases not only the ink solids, but also the wax, some of which is transferred to the medium. The wax aids in holding the heat sensitive transfer ink solids on the medium in the precise design, eliminating the need for special paper, while also producing an image which has high resolution.

Virtually any material may be used as a medium which can be printed upon by a printer, and which will withstand the higher transfer temperature, as is described herein. If a thermal printer is used, this medium may be any paper commonly used with thermal printers, however, standard bond paper could be used. Other materials, such as a sheet of metal could be used, if the metal sheet can be printed upon by the particular thermal printer employed.

Once the image is transferred onto the medium, the image may be permanently transferred onto an object presently, or at a later time. Most commonly, the design will be transferred onto a textile material, such as a shirt 8, although the image may be transferred onto other materials, such as metal, wood, or plastic

The design 3, which is printed onto the medium 9, is placed against the object 8. A temperature which is sufficient to sublimate the ink solids or cause diffusion or other activation of the ink solids is then applied to the medium. A heat transfer machine 10 may be used to accomplish the transfer process.

The ink which is chosen is heat sensitive. The application of the relatively high heat of the transfer process causes a diffusion of the ink, or causes a sublimation of the ink, depending upon the particular ink chosen. For example, if a sublimation ink is chosen, it should be one which will sufficiently sublimate at a temperature above the temperature used to thermally print onto the medium so as to produce a good quality image. By way of example, a binder is chosen which will release the ink onto the medium by the thermal printer at around 200° F., while the transfer from the medium to the object will take place at around 400° F. In terms of a range, the thermal printing will typically take place at 130° F. to 225° F., while the transfer will take place at 250° F. to 500° F. However, if the thermal printing temperature is too close to the sublimation temperature, excessive sublimation may take place during the thermal printing process, and the ultimate print quality may not be acceptable. Therefore, the thermal printing temperature must be sufficient to properly release the ink, and the ink chosen should not have noticeable sublimation at the temperature at which thermal printing takes place. For other types of heat sensitive inks other than sublimation ink solids, these principles are the same. The thermal printing temperature must be below that at which diffusion ink solids will dye a textile material, for example.

Claims (3)

What is claimed is:
1. A method of printing a multiple color design using heat sensitive ink solids, comprising the steps of:
a. printing by the thermal means heat sensitive ink solids in at least three colors in a multiple color design onto a medium at a temperature which is below the temperature at which said heat sensitive ink solids activate; and
b. transferring said heat sensitive ink solids from said medium to an object on which the multiple color design is to appear by thermal means at a temperature which will cause said heat sensitive ink solids to activate, and cause sufficient of said heat sensitive ink solids to bond to said object in the multiple color design.
2. A method of printing a multiple color design using heat sensitive ink solids, comprising the steps of:
a. creating a multiple color design;
b. printing by thermal means heat sensitive ink solids in at least three colors in said multiple color design onto a medium at a temperature which is in a range of temperatures below a temperature at which said heat sensitive ink solids activate and above a temperature which will cause said ink solids to be thermally transferred to said medium wherein the multiple color design is produced on said medium by said heat sensitive ink solids; and
c. transferring said heat sensitive ink solids from said medium to an object on which the design is to appear by thermal means at a temperature which is in a range of temperatures which will cause said heat sensitive ink solids to activate, and cause said heat sensitive ink solids to bond to said object in the multiple color design.
3. A method of printing a multiple color design using heat sensitive ink solids, comprising the steps of:
a. printing by thermal means heat sensitive ink solids in at least three colors bonded to a ribbon by means of wax at a temperature which is in a range of temperatures below a temperature at which heat sensitive ink solids activate, but above a temperature at which said wax will melt and release said heat sensitive ink solids from said ribbon onto said medium in a multiple color design wherein the multiple color design is produced on said medium by said heat sensitive ink solids; and
b. transferring said heat sensitive ink solids from said medium to an object on which the design is to appear by thermal means at a temperature which is in a range of temperatures which will cause said heat sensitive ink solids to activate, and cause sufficient heat sensitive ink solids to bond to said object in the multiple color design.
US07724610 1990-07-09 1991-07-02 Permanent heat sensitive transfer printing process Expired - Lifetime US5302223A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US54960090 true 1990-07-09 1990-07-09
US07724610 US5302223A (en) 1990-07-09 1991-07-02 Permanent heat sensitive transfer printing process

Applications Claiming Priority (19)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US07724610 US5302223A (en) 1990-07-09 1991-07-02 Permanent heat sensitive transfer printing process
DE19914191525 DE4191525T (en) 1990-07-09 1991-07-05
NL9120005A NL9120005A (en) 1990-07-09 1991-07-05 Transfer printing process.
DE19914191525 DE4191525C2 (en) 1990-07-09 1991-07-05 Transfer printing process
ES9250009A ES2073338B1 (en) 1990-07-09 1991-07-05 Method of printing drawings.
CA 2067120 CA2067120C (en) 1990-07-09 1991-07-05 Transfer printing process
PCT/US1991/004662 WO1992000852A1 (en) 1990-07-09 1991-07-05 Transfer printing process
US07853917 US5248363A (en) 1990-07-09 1992-03-19 Transfer media produced by a thermal transfer printing process
US08195851 US5431501A (en) 1990-07-09 1994-02-10 Printing method of surface coating a substrate
US08207756 US5487614A (en) 1990-07-09 1994-03-08 Method of printing a multiple color image using heat sensitive inks
US5488907C1 US5488907C1 (en) 1990-07-09 1994-09-01 Permanent heat activated transfer printing process and composition
US08323390 US5575877A (en) 1990-07-09 1994-10-14 Printing method of applying a polymer surface preparation material to a substrate
US08309933 US5522317A (en) 1990-07-09 1994-11-07 Printing method of applying a polymer surface material and substrate produced by the method
US08372520 US5555813A (en) 1990-07-09 1995-01-13 Permanment heat activated electrographic printing process and composition
US08565999 US5601023A (en) 1990-07-09 1995-12-01 Permanent heat activated transfer printing process and composition
US08586406 US5644988A (en) 1990-07-09 1996-01-16 Printing method of applying a polymer surface material and substrate produced by the method
US08654634 US5590600A (en) 1990-07-09 1996-05-29 Permanent heat activated electrographic printing process and composition
US09206262 US6425331B1 (en) 1990-07-09 1998-10-27 Permanent heat activated printing process
US09963060 US6618066B2 (en) 1990-07-09 2001-09-25 Permanent heat activated printing process

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US54960090 Continuation-In-Part 1990-07-09 1990-07-09

Related Child Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US07853917 Continuation-In-Part US5248363A (en) 1990-07-09 1992-03-19 Transfer media produced by a thermal transfer printing process
US08195851 Continuation-In-Part US5431501A (en) 1990-07-09 1994-02-10 Printing method of surface coating a substrate

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US5302223A true US5302223A (en) 1994-04-12

Family

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US08195851 Expired - Lifetime US5431501A (en) 1990-07-09 1994-02-10 Printing method of surface coating a substrate
US08309933 Expired - Lifetime US5522317A (en) 1990-07-09 1994-11-07 Printing method of applying a polymer surface material and substrate produced by the method
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US08586406 Expired - Lifetime US5644988A (en) 1990-07-09 1996-01-16 Printing method of applying a polymer surface material and substrate produced by the method

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WO1992000852A1 (en) 1992-01-23 application
DE4191525C2 (en) 2001-12-06 grant
GB9204896D0 (en) 1992-05-27 grant
NL9120005A (en) 1992-07-01 application
ES2073338A1 (en) 1995-08-01 application
ES2073338B1 (en) 1996-03-01 grant
CA2067120A1 (en) 1992-01-10 application
US5431501A (en) 1995-07-11 grant
GB2254049A (en) 1992-09-30 application
CA2067120C (en) 1996-06-25 grant
GB2254049B (en) 1995-03-15 grant
US5522317A (en) 1996-06-04 grant
DE4191525T (en) 1992-08-27 application
US5644988A (en) 1997-07-08 grant

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