US5167652A - Moisture sensitive film - Google Patents

Moisture sensitive film Download PDF

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Publication number
US5167652A
US5167652A US07303432 US30343289A US5167652A US 5167652 A US5167652 A US 5167652A US 07303432 US07303432 US 07303432 US 30343289 A US30343289 A US 30343289A US 5167652 A US5167652 A US 5167652A
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Prior art keywords
layer
film
copolyamide
moisture
copolyester
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Expired - Lifetime
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US07303432
Inventor
Walter B. Mueller
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Cryovac Inc
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W R Grace and Co-Conn
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/06Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B27/08Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of synthetic resin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/42Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators with wetness indicator or alarm
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/51Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the outer layers
    • A61F13/514Backsheet, i.e. the impermeable cover or layer furthest from the skin
    • A61F13/51401Backsheet, i.e. the impermeable cover or layer furthest from the skin characterised by the material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/51Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the outer layers
    • A61F13/514Backsheet, i.e. the impermeable cover or layer furthest from the skin
    • A61F13/51474Backsheet, i.e. the impermeable cover or layer furthest from the skin characterised by its structure
    • A61F13/51478Backsheet, i.e. the impermeable cover or layer furthest from the skin characterised by its structure being a laminate, e.g. multi-layered or with several layers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/22Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons containing macromolecular materials
    • A61L15/225Mixtures of macromolecular compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/22Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons containing macromolecular materials
    • A61L15/24Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds; Derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/42Use of materials characterised by their function or physical properties
    • A61L15/56Wetness-indicators or colourants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/42Use of materials characterised by their function or physical properties
    • A61L15/58Adhesives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/30Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin comprising vinyl (co)polymers; comprising acrylic (co)polymers
    • B32B27/306Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin comprising vinyl (co)polymers; comprising acrylic (co)polymers comprising vinyl acetate or vinyl alcohol (co)polymers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/36Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin comprising polyesters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B7/00Layered products characterised by the relation between layers, i.e. products comprising layers having different physical properties and products characterised by the interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/04Layered products characterised by the relation between layers, i.e. products comprising layers having different physical properties and products characterised by the interconnection of layers characterised by the connection of layers
    • B32B7/12Layered products characterised by the relation between layers, i.e. products comprising layers having different physical properties and products characterised by the interconnection of layers characterised by the connection of layers using an adhesive, i.e. any interposed material having adhesive or bonding properties
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L77/00Compositions of polyamides obtained by reactions forming a carboxylic amide link in the main chain; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/42Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators with wetness indicator or alarm
    • A61F2013/426Moisture sensitive polymers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/51Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the outer layers
    • A61F13/514Backsheet, i.e. the impermeable cover or layer furthest from the skin
    • A61F13/51401Backsheet, i.e. the impermeable cover or layer furthest from the skin characterised by the material
    • A61F2013/51409Backsheet, i.e. the impermeable cover or layer furthest from the skin characterised by the material being a film
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2250/00Layers arrangement
    • B32B2250/24All layers being polymeric
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/70Other properties
    • B32B2307/726Permeability to liquids, absorption
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2371/00Polyethers, e.g. PEEK, i.e. polyether-etherketone; PEK, i.e. polyetherketone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2377/00Polyamides
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2555/00Personal care
    • B32B2555/02Diapers or napkins

Abstract

A moisture sensitive film is produced by blending a copolyester with a moisture absorbing copolyamide, and extruding the blend either as a mono layer or multi layer construction. The blend material turns white when wetted. The invention has particular application in disposable diapers where a visual indication of wetness is desired.

Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to thermoplastic film, and more particularly to thermoplastic film useful in the construction of disposable diapers. The present invention is of especial relevance to thermoplastic films which provide a visual indication of the presence of moisture in a disposable diaper or similar article.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Disposable diapers have to a great extent replaced cloth diapers in the field of infant care. Many different styles of disposable diapers have been introduced to the marketplace, differing in materials, physical configuration, and cost.

One recurrent problem associated with the use of disposable diapers is the inability to quickly and conveniently determine when the diaper is wetted during use.

Various methods have been offered to provide wetness indicators in a disposable diaper. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,231,370 (Mroz et al) discusses the application of a flexible pH-change/color-change wetness indicator coating on the inwardly facing surface of a water-impervious thermoplastic backsheet of a disposable diaper. This approach has the disadvantage of requiring a separate coating material to be applied in an additional step. The preferred coating material itself is a complex four-component composition of two latex compositions, an acid buffer, and a pH-change/color-change material such as bromophenol blue. The mixing of these components is a long, complex process.

U.S. Pat. No. 4,611,576 (Colon) discloses a wetness-indicating hot-melt adhesive for a diaper. The adhesive composition includes water sensitive polymer and optional additional polymer resins; fatty acid with optionally an additional organic acid; optionally a water soluble wax; and a wetness indicating agent such as acid-base indicators. Like the '370 reference, this reference requires a complicated formulation to be prepared prior to production of the diaper. The adhesive product is applied to a substrate.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a thermoplastic film which is useful as a cover or backing sheet in a disposable diaper, and will change color when wet.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION

In one aspect of the invention, a thermoplastic film which changes color when wetted comprises a blend of a copolyester, and a moisture absorbing copolyamide.

In another apsect of the invention a thermoplastic film comprises a core layer of ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer, a first outer layer of a copolyester, a second outer layer of a blend of a copolyester and a moisture absorbing copolyamide, and a polymeric adhesive disposed between and bonding the core layer to the first outer layer, and the core layer to the second outer layer, respectively.

In another aspect of the invention, a method of making a thermoplastic film which changes color when wetted comprises blending a copolyester with a moisture absorbing copolyamide; extruding the blend; and cooling the extrudate.

In yet another aspect of the present invention, a disposable diaper has at least one layer comprising a blend of a copolyester and a moisture absorbing copolyamide.

In still another aspect of the invention, a composition of matter comprises a blend of a copolyester and a moisture absorbing copolyamide.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

The invention may be further understood by reference to the sole drawing FIGURE which depicts a schematic cross section of a disposable diaper in accordance with the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring to the sole drawing FIGURE, disposable diaper 10 comprises an inner sheet 12 of a moisture permeable or perforated material.

An intermediate layer 14, generally making up the greater thickness of the diaper 10, comprises an absorbant material such as cellulosic fluff or a synthetic moisture absorbing polymer.

The cover or backing sheet 16 forms the outermost layer of the diaper. In accordance with the invention, layer 16 comprises a blend of a copolyester and a moisture absorbing copolyamide. It has unexpectedly been found that when this blend is exposed to moisture, the originally transparent blend turns white. This process is reversible, so that the dissipation of moisture from the blend layer and drying out of the blend material will result in the return of the whitened material to a transparent state.

Thus, a blend material which may be conveniently incorporated into the construction of the diaper is provided which gives a clear visual indication of when the diaper is wet.

The complex precompounding of the prior art is unnecessary. A simple blending of two commercially available resins provides the visual indicator which becomes an integral part of the diaper construction.

Coatings and adhesives to be applied to a substrate are also unnecessary.

Additionally, the visual indication of wetness does not depend on the reaction of a pH/color indicator, and no such indicator is needed. The use of potentially harmful acids such as phosphoric acid is also avoided.

The invention may be further understood by reference to the following table, in which various formulations were tested.

Each of film samples 1, 4, 6, 7, and 8 were coextruded structures having the generalized structure:

A/B/C/B/E

Where

A=PCCE 9965 (a copolyester available from Eastman)

B=CXAE162 (an EVA based anhydride modified adhesive available from du Pont); and

C=5192B7-9 (an ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer available from du Pont).

In addition, a second set of monolayer film samples 1 to 5 was produced to confirm the results obtained by observation of the first set of film samples. This monolayer film may be described as having the simple construction /E/. The monolayer film results were consistent with those obtained by using the same formulation in the "E" layer of the corresponding A/B/C/B/E coextruded film. This establishes that the results (degree of color change) are substantially independent of the composition of the other (A, B, C) layers in the coextruded film.

The results of the first set of film samples are shown under the column labeled "coextrusion" in Table 1. The results of the second set of film samples are shown under the column labeled "monolayer" in Table 1.

Table 1 has a column labeled "E Layer".

For film samples 2, 3 and 5 the composition listed under this heading represents that of a monolayer film.

For film samples 6, 7, and 8 the composition listed under this heading represents that of the outer "E" layer of the five layer coextrusion.

For film samples 1 and 4, the composition listed under this heading represents both that of the outer "E" layer of the five layer coextrusion, as well as that of a monolayer film.

Film 1 100% water absorbing copolyamide (PEBAX 4011)

Film 2 95% water absorbing copolyamide plus 5% copolyester (95% Pebax 4011 and 5% PCCE 9965)

Film 3 85% water absorbing copolyamide plus 15% copolyester (85% Pebax 4011 and 15% PCCE 9965)

Film 4 75% water absorbing copolyamide and 25% copolyester (75% PEBAX 4011 and 25% PCCE 9965)

Film 5 60% water absorbing copolyamide plus 40% copolyester (60% Pebax 4011 and 40% PCCE 9965)

Film 6 50% water absorbing copolyamide and 50% copolyester (50% PEBAX 4011 and 50% PCCE 9965)

Film 7 25% water absorbing copolyamide plus 75% copolyester (25% PEBAX 4011 and 75% PCCE 9965)

Film 8 100% copolyester (PCCE 9965)

              TABLE 1______________________________________           Color After Exposure To           Direct Contact With Moisture                              Mono-Film  "E" Layer       Coextrusion  Layer______________________________________1     100%    Copolyamide Clear      Clear2     95%     Copolyamide            Pale                                White +5%     Copolyester3     85%     Copolyamide            White +15%    Copolyester4     75%     Copolyamide White      White +25%    Copolyester5     60%     Copolyamide            White +40%    Copolyester6     50%     Copolyamide Pale White +50%    Copolyester7     25%     Copolyamide Clear +75%    Copolyester8     100%    Copolyester Clear______________________________________

While not wishing to be held to any particular theory, it is believed that as the moisture absorbing copolyamide absorbs water, the copolyamide swells resulting in blend incompatibility which manifests itself by turning a white opaque color. The process is reversible.

In an alternative embodiment, a portion of the diaper may be printed with a pattern, perforated and laminated to the moisture sensitive layer 16. If this additional laminate has a white color, then the printed pattern will disappear when the diaper becomes wet.

Those skilled in the art will understand that this and other modifications and applications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed below.

Claims (2)

What is claimed is:
1. A thermoplastic film comprising:
(a) a core layer of ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer;
(b) a first outer layer of a copolyester;
(c) a second outer layer of a blend of a copolyester and a moisture absorbing copolyamide; and
(d) a polymeric adhesive disposed between and bonding the core layer to the first outer layer, and the core layer to the second outer layer, respectively.
2. A disposable diaper having an outermost layer comprising a blend of between 5% and 50% by weight of a copolyester and 95% and 50% by weight of a moisture absorbing copolyamide; an intermediate layer comprising an absorbant material; and an inner sheet comprising a moisture permeable or perforated material.
US07303432 1989-01-27 1989-01-27 Moisture sensitive film Expired - Lifetime US5167652A (en)

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Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US5955187A (en) * 1995-06-06 1999-09-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Microporous film with liquid triggered barrier feature
US6075179A (en) 1994-12-20 2000-06-13 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Low gauge films and film/nonwoven laminates
US6258308B1 (en) 1996-07-31 2001-07-10 Exxon Chemical Patents Inc. Process for adjusting WVTR and other properties of a polyolefin film
US6264864B1 (en) 1998-10-16 2001-07-24 Exxon Chemical Patents Inc. Process for producing polyolefin microporous breathable film
US6284942B1 (en) * 1998-05-04 2001-09-04 Long Island Jewish Medical Center Confidence building incontinence pad
US6297424B1 (en) 1999-06-15 2001-10-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles having wetness indicating graphics providing an interactive training aid
US6307119B1 (en) 1999-06-15 2001-10-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles having wetness indicating graphics incorporating a training zone
US6309736B1 (en) 1994-12-20 2001-10-30 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Low gauge films and film/nonwoven laminates
US6350518B1 (en) 1998-06-01 2002-02-26 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Methods of making blend compositions of an unmodified poly vinyl alcohol and a thermoplastic elastomer
US6583722B2 (en) 2000-12-12 2003-06-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Wetness signaling device
US6596918B1 (en) 2000-06-05 2003-07-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles having wetness indicating graphics and employing masking techniques
US6603403B2 (en) 2000-12-12 2003-08-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Remote, wetness signaling system
US20030164136A1 (en) * 2001-10-30 2003-09-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Wetness indicator having improved colorant retention
US6653523B1 (en) 1994-12-20 2003-11-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Low gauge films and film/nonwoven laminates
US6710221B1 (en) 1999-06-15 2004-03-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles incorporating color change graphics
US20040191118A1 (en) * 2003-03-24 2004-09-30 Nita Mody Wetness indicator
US20050199177A1 (en) * 2002-02-19 2005-09-15 Klofta Thomas J. Wetness indicator having improved colorant retention and durability
US20070107836A1 (en) * 2003-12-03 2007-05-17 Gibberd Marks R Processes for the production of packaging materal for transporting and storing perishable goods
US20080234644A1 (en) * 2005-09-13 2008-09-25 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent Article with Colour Changing Properties
US20100168700A1 (en) * 2008-12-30 2010-07-01 Mattias Schmidt Absorbent Articles With Primary and Secondary Indicating
US20100168701A1 (en) * 2008-12-30 2010-07-01 Mattias Schmidt Absorbent Articles With Primary and Secondary Indicia
WO2010078239A1 (en) 2008-12-30 2010-07-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles with patterns of indicating
WO2010078236A1 (en) 2008-12-30 2010-07-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with visual fullness indicating areas having multiple indicating colors
WO2010078231A1 (en) 2008-12-30 2010-07-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent articles with multiple indicating widths
WO2010078237A1 (en) 2008-12-30 2010-07-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with gender specific indicating
WO2010078245A1 (en) 2008-12-30 2010-07-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable wearable absorbent articles with gender specific indicia
CN102470651A (en) * 2009-07-15 2012-05-23 金伯利-克拉克环球有限公司 Multiple component materials having a color-changing composition
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US20080234644A1 (en) * 2005-09-13 2008-09-25 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent Article with Colour Changing Properties
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US8710291B2 (en) 2007-12-28 2014-04-29 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Translucent internal graphics enhancement
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