US512406A - Lister - Google Patents

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US512406A US512406DA US512406A US 512406 A US512406 A US 512406A US 512406D A US512406D A US 512406DA US 512406 A US512406 A US 512406A
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    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/18Machines for depositing quantities of seed at intervals


(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 1.
Patented Jan; 9, 1894 Hell- WABNINGTON n c (No Model.) 3 Sheetf-Sheet 2. A. T. STATNA. LISTER, GULTIVATOR, AND. PLANTE R.
Patented Jan. 9, 1894.
7 a Em Wiigzsszs:
3 Sheta-Sheet 3.
(No Model.)
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SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 512,406, dated January 9, 1894.
Application filed August 7, 1893.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that 1, ANDREW T. STATNA, a citizen of the United States, residing at Bigelow, in the county of Marshall and State of Kansas,have invented anew and useful Lister, Cultivator, and Planter, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in listers, cultivators and planters; and the objects in view are to provide a machine whose parts are adjustable, and which as a whole is of cheap, simple, and durable construction and is adapted to elfectually list and cultivate corn.
Various other objects and advantages of the invention will appear in the following description and the novel features thereof will be particularly pointed out in the claims.
Referring to the drawings:Figure 1 is a perspective View of a combined lister and cultivator constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a vertical longitudinal sectional view through the center of the same. Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view through the hopper. Fig. t is a transverse sectional view in rear of" the hopper. Fig. 5 is a longitudinal sectional View through the hopper. Fig. 6 is a horizontal sectional view through a portion of the runner. Fig. 7 is a transverse sectional view through the keeper-plate for securing the rod that operates the seedtube. I
Like numerals of reference indicate like parts in all the figures of the drawings.
In the construction of my planter I employ apair of opposite runners 1 of suitable length and having front upturned ends. At intervals upon the runner knees 2 are secured and project upward therefrom, and these knees, together with the front ends of the runners, are surmounted by longitudinal beams 3, bolts passing down through the beams, knees, and runners. The sheathing 4 of sheet-iron is ap- "plied to each of the runners and closes the attached.
openings between the beams, runners, and knees, and the under sides of the runners are provided with the usual. metal wear-strips 5. To the upper sides of the runners at their front ends is connected by clips 6 a U-shaped draft-bail 7, which terminates at its frontend in an eye to which the draft appliances are The rear ends of the runners are surmounted by a transverse gage-bar 8, whose opposite ends are slotted, as at 9, through $erial No. 432,607. (No model.)
which bolts 10 are passed down through the rear ends of the beams 3, which latter, as shown, project beyond the runners a slight distance. Surmounting each beam near its front end and bolted thereto are ridge-leveling platforms 11, and the same have their front ends upwardly disposed or inclined, as indicated at 12, so as to readily ride over the soil, and have their under sides provided with a suitable sheathing of metal.
Surmounting these ridge-leveling platforms 11 is an adj usting-bar 13, whose ends overlap the ridge-leveling platforms in the manner shown and is provided with slots 14 at each side of its center, the said-center being slightly wider than the remaining portions. Through these slots and into the platforms 11 adjusting-bolts 15 are passed. This adjusting-bar, together with the adjusting-bar 8, serves to adjust or regulate the distance apart between the runners in a manner that will be obvious, and to secure such regulation or adjustment requires simply a loosening of the nuts of the bolts 10 and 15, a proper separation of the runners, and a retightening of the nuts. The central portion of the bar 13, which, as before stated, is somewhat Wider than the remaining portion, is surmounted by a cylindrical hopper 16, the same having a removable top or cover 17, and a lower bottom or base 18, which is provided with a central seeddischarge 19 and with a transverse or radial way 20 .in which is mounted a perforated slide 21.
Hinged to the rear edge of the adjacent bar 13in line with the hopper, as indicated at 22, is a metal block 23, the same being perforated and when'swung under the said adjusting-bar being in alignment with the perforation in the adjusting-bar'and in the seed-slide when the latter is withdrawn. This block has depending therefrom a seed-tube or spout 24: which carries above its lower end a metal block 25 in which is journaled a transverse shaft 26. This shaft. has its opposite ends projecting beyond the block, and at one side carries a spur-wheel 27, the arms or spokes of which travel in the soil and serve to rotate the shaft as the machine is drawn along. The opposite end of the shaft 26 is provided-with a crank-pin 28, and this crank-pin is connected byalink 29 to a bell-crank lever 30, whose upper branch 31 passes loosely through an eye 32 projecting from the side of the seedslide. A crossbar 33 surmounts the beams 3 a short distance in rear of the hopper, and J-shaped bolts 34 pass downward in an inclined direction through perforations in the cross-bar between the beams 3, and at their lower hook ends engage under said beams. The front side of this cross-bar 33 is beveled or inclined and has secured thereto a metal plate 35 having keepers 36 bent over the same, and a perforation 37 in which is located a wooden break-pin 38. Au angular plate 39 is located in the keepers and has a perforation 40 to receive the said break-pin. The upper end of the angular plate is slotted as at 41 to receive a rod 42 which is loosely connected at its lower end to the said block 25 carried by the seed-spout or tube. This rod is provided with upper and lower stops 43, which take respectively under and over the said angular plate, the rod being received by the slot in said plate so that by forcing the rod down the spur-wheel is in engagement with the ground and theupper stop takes under thesaid angular plate, or on the other hand, by drawing the rod up and engaging the lower .stop over the plate the spur-wheel is-raised out of contact with the ground and the planting mechanism inoperative. When in operative position, thatis, the tube or spout depressed and the upper stop under the angular plate, if at any time the spout should contact with an obstruction calculated to impair the same, the rod is forced upward against the under side of the angular plate and the break-pin fractured, and thus the spout prevented from becoming impaired. Cast-metal journal-boxes 44 are located at the inner and outer ends of the platforms l1 and in each pair at opposite sides of the machine rock-shafts 45 are journaled. Each rockshaft has rising from its inner end a rock-arm 46, the upper ends of which are loosely connected to rods 47 whose rear ends are loosely connected to hand-levers 48. These hand-levers 48 are fulcru med at 49 at the inner side of segmental toothed, locking-standards 50 which surmount the beams 3 immediately in rear of the cross-bar 33. Each lever is provided with a spring-pressed locking-pawl 51; which is normally engaged with a convenient tooth of the locking-standard. In rear of the hand-levers seat-standards 52 are bolted to the beams 3, rise therefrom, and support a convenient seat 54. In rear of the seat-standards the beams 3 are surmounted by journalboxes 55 in which there is loosely mounted for oscillation a transverse shaft 56 having rock-arms 57 and 58, the latter being located at about the middle of the shaft and rearwardly disposed. The rock-arm 57 located at one end of the shaft is, by means of a connecting-rod 59, connected with a bell-crank lever 60, which is pivoted as at 61 to t-heinner side of one of the beams 3. The con necting-rod is connected to the bell-crank lever at its angle, so that by raising and lowering the lever the connection is thrown above or below the point of fulcrum of the lever and hence the lever will maintain either of its positions. By means of metal draft straps 62 pivoted to the inner sides of the beams 3 there is loosely attached to the rear end of the planter an inverted U- shaped hood 63, which is provided upon its upper side with an eye 64, in which is loosely engaged the lower end of a rod 65, whose upper end loosely engages with the inner bellcrank, so that by a manipulation of the bellcrank hand-lever it will be obvious that the hood or fender 63 may be raised and lowered to and from the ground.
The rock-shaft 45 is provided with a series of bores 66 in which takes the tenoned end 67 of a block 68, and binding-screws69 communicate with the bores and impinge upon the tenons. The blocks, itwill be obvious, are swiveled and may be held in any of their various positions oradjustments by means of the binding-screws. Securely bolted to one face of each block,as at 70, is an inclined barrow-blade or knife 71, and these may be raised and lowered through a manipulation of the hand-levers 48 heretofore mentioned.
The runners are slotted below the knives and pivoted therein by bolts 72 are opposite,
.horizontal, rearwardly-disposed ridge-under knives '73. These knives are narrower than the slots are wide and may be secured at any desired angle through the instrumentality of toothed, wedge-shaped keys 75 driven between the rear edges of the ridge-under knives and the rear ends of the slots. These ridge-under knives perform the usual function of undermining the soil while the barrow-knives slice the same. The rear ends of the runners are provided with similar slots and pivoted therein as at 81 are the combined ridge-under and turning blades 82, the same consisting of the lower horizontal portions 83 and the outer upturned and vertically-disposed portions 84. These blades are secured in adjusted position by means of wedge-shaped toothed keys 85.
This completes the construction of the machine, and the operation of the same is as follows:
The driver first adjusts the levers so as to lower the knives a suitable distance into the ground, the said knives having beenpivotally adjusted so as to dispose them at the proper inclination laterally,after which the seed-spout is lowered to operative position, and the handle for operating the same secured. The hood 63 is then lowered so as to rest upon the ground, and the machine is ready for operation. The machine is drawn along in the usual manner, and at intervals, in a manner apparent, seed is dropped. The knives both horizontal and vertical slice and stir up the soil at each side of the row, and the rearcovering-knives or blades cast the dirt thus loosened against the hood, which latter acts as a fender to prevent the same from being thrown against the seed.
This completes the operation of planting, as well as cultivating the ground adjacent to the row.
It will be obvious that the machine may be used as a cultivator alone, the seed-mechanism being thrown out of operative position for such purpose.
It will be obvious that all the means for controlling the adjustment are within easy reach of the operator while perched upon the seat for his accommodation; that the machine is light of draft; is of simple construction; andis durable.
I'do not limit my invention to the precise details of construction herein shown and described, but hold that I may vary the same to any degree and extent as may be suggested during the operation and building of the machine Without departing from the principle of my invention or sacrificing any of the ad vantages thereof.
Having described my invention, what I claim is 1. In a machine of the class described, the combination with opposite runners, superimposed connecting-bars, and bearings arranged at opposite sides of the runners, of rock-shafts arranged in the bearings, radial bores formed in the rock-shafts, blocks having tenons swiveled in the bores, binding-screws passing through the rock-shafts, and impinging upon the tenons, blades bolted to the blocks, rockarms connected with the shafts, levers, means for locking the same, and connections between the rock-arms and thelevers, substantially as specified.
2. In a machine of the class described, the combination with the opposite runners, the laterally disposed horizontal leveling platforms, the rear adjusting-bar connecting the runners, the front adjusting bar arranged upon the platform, the hopper supported by the front adj listing-bar, a seed-tube connected therewith, a seed-slide arranged in the hopper, and means for operating the same, substantially as specified.
3. In a machine of the class described, the combination with the opposite runners, a hopper and its support, a seed-tube hinged to a support below the hopper, a superimposed seed-slide, and a block carried by the tube, of a transverse shaft arranged in the block, a spur-wheel mounted on the shaft, a bell-crank arranged between the seed slide and the shaft, a vertical pin carried by the shaft, a connecting-rod between the crank-pin and the lower end of the bell-crank, a loose connection between the upper end of the bellcrank and the seed-slide, and anoperatingrod connected with the seed-tube, and means for locking the same in a raised or lowered position, substantially as specified.
4. In a machine of the class described, the combination with the opposite runners, ahopper and its support, a seed-tube hinged to a support below the hopper, asuperimposed seed-slide, and a block carried by the tube,
of a transverse shaft arranged in the block, a spur-wheel mounted on the shaft, a bellcrank arranged between the seed-slide and the shaft, a vertical pin carried by the shaft,
a connecting rod between the crank-pin and the lower end of the bell-crank, a loose connection between the upper end of the bellcrank and the seed-slide, an operating-rod connected with the seed-tube, upper and lower stops arranged upon the rod, and a slotted plate in rear of the rod for engaging the same adjacent to the stops, substantially as specified.
5. In a machine of the class described, the combination with opposite runners, a hopper and its support, a seed-slide arranged in the hopper, means for operating the seed-slide, of a hinged seed-tube arranged below the slide, a cross-bar arranged in rear of the hopper, a plate secured to the cross-bar having keepers and to a perforation, an angular slotted plate arranged in the keepers, and a breakpin passing through said slotted plate into the perforation of the keeper-plate, substantially as specified.
6. In a machine of the class described, the combination with slotted runners, and superimposed vertical cutters, of ridge-under cutters arranged in the slots and pivoted therein, and wedge-shaped keys having serrated edges interposed between the ends of the slots and the ridge-under cutters, substantially as specified.
7. In a machine of the class described, the combination with the opposite runners, and the intermediate hood, of laterally projecting horizontal knives extending from the lower edge of the runners and in aplane therewith and having outer upturned and rearwardly disposed blades or portions, substantially as specified.
8. In a machine of the class described, the combination with the opposite runners, and the intermediate hood, and slots formed in the bottoms of the runners, of the opposite knives pivoted in the slots, the serrated wedge-shaped keys driven in the slots between their rear ends and the edges of the knives, and vertical, inwardly disposed blades located at the outer ends of the knives, substantially as specified.
9. In a machine of the class described, the combination with the opposite runners, of the hopper arranged above and between the same, means for operating the feed device of the hopper, the opposite gangs of cultivatorknives atthe sides of the runners, means for raising and lowering the knives, and lower horizontally disposed ridge-under blades, substantially as specified.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
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