US508307A - Chute - Google Patents

Chute Download PDF

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Publication number
US508307A
US508307A US508307DA US508307A US 508307 A US508307 A US 508307A US 508307D A US508307D A US 508307DA US 508307 A US508307 A US 508307A
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Prior art keywords
chute
pomace
cut
spout
receptacle
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Expired - Lifetime
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D90/00Component parts, details or accessories for large containers
    • B65D90/54Gates or closures
    • B65D90/58Gates or closures having closure members sliding in the plane of the opening
    • B65D90/582Gates or closures having closure members sliding in the plane of the opening having a rotational motion

Description

(No Model.) w
J, A. HAAGEN.
OHUTEV.
Patented Nov /wven75r m: NAYIONAL umosnAm-qms CDMFANY.
wAsnmeToN. n. C
'PATEN'T Fries.
JOHN A. HAAGEN, OF HOWARD, PENNSYLVANIA.
CHUTEQ.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 508,307, dated November 7, 1893.
Application filed March 28, 1893- Serial No. 1 N m l To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN A. HAAGEN, acitizen of the United States, residing at Howard, in the county of Centre and State of Pennsyl- Vania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Chutes for Cider-Presses; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to improvements in attachments for cider presses, and the object of the invention is to provide a simple and inexpensive chute which will deliver the pomace, formed by suitable grating mechanism, to the car or receptacle by which it is carried into the press and will prevent splashing of the pomace.
A further object of my invention is to provide a vertically adjustable chute which can be moved vertically as the quantity of pomace on the car or receptacle increases and by which the supply of pomace can be readily cut 0E.
With these ends in view, my invention consists in the peculiar construction and arra ngement of parts as will be hereinafter fully pointed out and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings:-Figure 1 is a side elevation of a portion of a cider press showing my improvements applied thereto. Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view through my improved pomace chute. Fig. 3 is an elevation of the chute.
Like letters of reference denote corresponding parts in the several figures of the drawings, referring to which- A designates the depending spout of the grating or crushing apparatus of a cider mill and B designates the elevator by which the apples are conveyed from a suitable source of supply to the grating or crushing devices.
Around the lower end of the spout A is loosely fitted a vertically movable chute O the lower end of which is partially closed by a stationary plate D that extends from the lower end of the rear wall of the chute to about the median line thereof. The lower ends of. the sides of the chute O are preferably made curving and the plate D extends at an oblique angle so that any pomace falling thereon will readily slip ofi and through the uncovered portion of the lower end of such chute.
OablesE are attached at oneend tothe chute, G, near the upper end thereof and said cables extend over guide pulleys F carried by the depending spout A and are attached at their other ends to a short shaft H which is journaled in suitable bearings H at one side of the spout, A, and chute, O, and is provided at one end with a hand wheel, K, by which it can be revolved to wind the cables, E, thereon and move the chute C vertically on the spout A. A ratchet L is rigidly secured on the shaft, H, and a gravity pawl M is arranged to engage with the teeth of said ratchet and hold the winding shaft against rotation.
The open portion of the lower end of the vertically movable chute, G, is closed, when desired, by a cut ofi, N, carried by arms, 0,
which are pivoted at their upper ends to opposite sides of the chute. The lower ends of the arms, 0, are rigidly attached to plates, P, formed integral with or otherwise suitably secured to the cut off N; and said plates P extend beyond one end of the chute and are connected by a handle Q, by which the cut off can be withdrawn from the lower end of the chute G to expose the opening therein and allow the contents thereof to fall onto the receptacle or car It arranged below the chute and by which the pomace is carried into the press. The body of the cut off is, preferably, made slightly concave and it contacts with the lower end of the'front wall of the chute at a point in substantially the same horizontal plane as the lower end of the rear wall.
The cut off is normally held in the position shown in full lines in Fig. 1 by gravity, and the inner edge thereof abuts squarely against the inner edge of the plate D so that the entire lower end of the chute is closed and pomace formed by the grating mechanism cannot escape from the chute until the cut off is moved to partially uncover the lower end of the chute. In using my improvements, the pawl is raised to clear the teeth of the ratchet on the winding shaft and the weight of the movable chute 0 causes said chute to descend until the lower end thereof rests on the bottom of the receptacle in which the pomace is to be deposited. The cut ofi N is moved into the position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1 and too as the pomace escapes through the open end of the chute and accumulates in the receptacle, R, the winding shaft is rotated by the hand wheel K to move the chute C vertically and keep the lower end in contact with or slightly above the pile of pomace. WVhen the desired quantity of pomace has been deposited in the receptacle R, the cut off is allowed to drop and close the lower end of the chute, which is held in place by throwing the pawl, M, into engagement with the teeth of the ratchet, L, on the winding shaft.
It will thus be seen that I have provided a very simple, cheap and easily operated device for delivering pomace to a suitable receptacle or car without allowing the same to splash.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
The combination, with a stationary spout, of a vertically movable chute fitted around the lower end of the spout and having its lower end partially closed by an inclined stationary plate which extends from the lower end of the rear wall to about the median line .of the chute, a cut off pivotally connected to the chute and contacting with the lower end of the front wall thereof at a point in substantially the same horizontal plane as the lower end of the rear wall, whereby said out off is adapted to be raised to expose the opening between the forward edge of the station ary plate and the front wall of the chute or allowed to move by gravity against the forward edge of said plate to entirely close said opening, and means for maintaining the chute in any desired position on the spout, substantially as and for the purposes described.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
JOHN A. I'IAAGEN. Witnesses:
VVILBUR F. REEDER, W. F. SPEAR.
US508307D Chute Expired - Lifetime US508307A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5184759A (en) * 1991-05-03 1993-02-09 Flexicon Corporation Apparatus for elongating a bulk bag and a bulk bag unloading station incorporating the same
US6076710A (en) * 1998-11-02 2000-06-20 Yates-Funderburk Concrete Finishing, Inc. Concrete placement apparatus
US6340150B1 (en) * 1998-10-19 2002-01-22 Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Flowrate control valve for powder and granular material
WO2020016168A1 (en) * 2018-07-20 2020-01-23 Concord Blue Patent Gmbh Closure device for a bulk materials system, and use thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5184759A (en) * 1991-05-03 1993-02-09 Flexicon Corporation Apparatus for elongating a bulk bag and a bulk bag unloading station incorporating the same
US6340150B1 (en) * 1998-10-19 2002-01-22 Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Flowrate control valve for powder and granular material
US6076710A (en) * 1998-11-02 2000-06-20 Yates-Funderburk Concrete Finishing, Inc. Concrete placement apparatus
WO2020016168A1 (en) * 2018-07-20 2020-01-23 Concord Blue Patent Gmbh Closure device for a bulk materials system, and use thereof

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