US4991951A - Eyeglass frame for electrooptical lenses - Google Patents

Eyeglass frame for electrooptical lenses Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US4991951A
US4991951A US07501026 US50102690A US4991951A US 4991951 A US4991951 A US 4991951A US 07501026 US07501026 US 07501026 US 50102690 A US50102690 A US 50102690A US 4991951 A US4991951 A US 4991951A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
part
front
member
upper
members
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
US07501026
Inventor
Mitsuyoshi Mizuno
Tatsuo Niwa
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
NIKON Corp 2-3 MARUNOUCHI 3-CHOME CHIYODA-KU TOKYO JAPAN A CORP OF JAPAN
Nikon Corp
Original Assignee
Nikon Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02CSPECTACLES; SUNGLASSES OR GOGGLES INSOFAR AS THEY HAVE THE SAME FEATURES AS SPECTACLES; CONTACT LENSES
    • G02C7/00Optical parts
    • G02C7/10Filters, e.g. for facilitating adaptation of the eyes to the dark; Sunglasses
    • G02C7/101Filters, e.g. for facilitating adaptation of the eyes to the dark; Sunglasses having an electro-optical light valve
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02CSPECTACLES; SUNGLASSES OR GOGGLES INSOFAR AS THEY HAVE THE SAME FEATURES AS SPECTACLES; CONTACT LENSES
    • G02C11/00Non-optical adjuncts; Attachment thereof

Abstract

An eyeglass frame for supporting an optical member having an electrooptical device and a pair of electrodes exposed in different peripheral positions, comprises a front part providing a rim for supporting the optical member, the front part including first and second front members which constitute different parts of the rim, are composed of conductive metal and are mutually insulated electrically, wherein the first front member is in contact with a first peripheral part including one of the paired electrodes of the optical member while the second front member is in contact with a second peripheral part including the other of the paired electrodes, and the eyeglass frame comprises an electric power source for applying a voltage between the first and second front members, for electric supply to the electrooptical device.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a metal eyeglass frame for supporting lenses with electrooptical devices.

2. Related Background Art

There are recently proposed eyeglasses employing lenses equipped, on the surface or interior thereof, with an electrooptical device such as an electrochromic (EC) device, a liquid crystal device or a transparent heat-generating resistor (antidewing) and modifying the function (for example optical properties) of the lenses by supplying said electrooptical device with electric energy.

As an example, the Japanese Laid-open Patent Application No. 52-54455, corresponding to the British Pat. No. 1,563,929, discloses eyeglasses in which an electrochromic device is formed on the lens by laminating, in succession, a transparent electrode (cathode) layer, a tungsten trioxide (WO3) layer, an insulating layer such as of silicon dioxide, and a transparent electrode (anode) layer. The WO3 layer is colored blue by the application of a voltage to said electrochromic device, and is made colorless again by the application of an inverse voltage. The phenomenon of this coloration and discoloration is not yet clarified in detail, but is understood to be governed by a trace amount of water contained in the WO3 layer and in the insulating (ion conductive) layer.

The electric terminals of the lens equipped with such electrooptical device and provided at the external periphery of the lens in order not to disturb the viewing field of the user, and are directly connected, for example by soldering, to lead wires of which the other ends are connected to a power supply unit, for constituting an electric supply path for the electrooptical device in such eyeglasses. Also at the assembling of eyeglasses, the lenses having such lead wires are fitted into a frame.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

An object of the present invention is to provide a metal eyeglass frame adapted for use in combination with lenses equipped with electrooptical devices.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a metal eyeglass frame allowing to simplify the electric feeding structure for the electrooptical devices of the lenses and reducing the limitation in designing.

The electrooptical devices considered in the present invention include devices varying the optical characteristics in response to an electric energy such as an electrochromic (EC) device or a liquid crystal device, and a device for converting the electric energy into another energy thereby causing a change in the optical properties of the lens, such as a heat-generating resistor for preventing the dewing of the lens.

In the frame of the present invention, the front part is divided into an upper member and a lower member which are both composed of conductive metal and are mutually insulated. A pair of optical components of glass or plastic material, such as lenses, mounted in a pair of rims of said frame, are respectively provided with the electro-optical devices explained above, and are respectively provided with electrodes in the edge portions corresponding to the upper and lower members of the front part. By connecting said upper and lower members to an electric power source through a switch, the current supplied for example through the upper member enters the electrooptical device through an electrode of the lens, and flows out therefrom through the other electrode and the lower member.

Thus, according to the present invention, the metal frame itself is utilized as the supply path for the electric energy, so that the power supply path to the electrooptical device can be formed merely by fitting the lens into the frame, without particular process for electric connection.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the temple part of the frame is also divided into an upper member and a lower member, which are both composed of conductive metal and are respectively connected electrically to the upper and lower members of the front part. Thus an electric power source and other components such as a switch, provided at an end of the temple part, can be electrically connected to the electrooptical devices through the metal frame itself.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an eyeglass frame constituting an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a front view of a pair of lenses;

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of coupling structure of a dividing part A1 in FIG. 1; and

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of coupling structure of a dividing part B1 in FIG. 1.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring to FIG. 1, a front part 1 constituting a pair of rims is composed of conductive metal material, and is divided into an upper member 11 constituting the upper halves of said rims and a lower member 12 constituting the lower halves. Thus the front part 1 contains four dividing parts A1, A2, B1, B2, at each of which the upper member 11 and the lower member 12 are coupled in mutually insulated state.

A pair of temple parts 5, provided on both sides of the front part 1, are composed of conductive metal material, and are respectively divided into upper members 51 constituting the upper half and lower members 52 constituting the lower half. The upper and lower members of the temple part are also mutually insulated, and an ear hook 6 of plastic material is attached by molding to an end of said temple part.

The upper and lower members of the front part are mutually connected as will be explained in the following, at two dividing parts A1, A2 positioned at the center of the front part.

FIG. 3 shows the connecting structure at the dividing part A1, but a same structure is also provided at A2. At said part Al, the upper member 11 and the lower member 12 are positioned with a certain gap therebetween, and are mutually fixed by a screw 30. Between the members 11, 12 there are provided spacers 32, 34 composed of electrically insulating resin such as polyvinyl chloride or polypropylene, and the upper part 11 and the screw 30 are electrically insulated by an insulating spacer 36.

Furthermore, the upper and lower members are connected as will be explained in the following, at the two dividing parts B1, B2 positioned on both sides of the front part.

FIG. 4 shows the connecting structure at the dividing part B1, but a same structure is also provided at B2, At said part B1, the upper member 11 and the lower member 12 are positioned with a certain gap therebetween, and are mutually fixed by a screw 40. Between the members 11, 12 there are provided spacers 42, 44 composed of resinous material of electrically insulating property as explained above. Also the upper member 11 and the screw 40 are also electrically insulated by an insulating spacer 46.

The upper member 51 and the lower part 52 of the temple part are positioned with a certain gap therebetween, and are electrically insulated by an insulating spacer 55.

On the other hand, an upper end face of the upper member 11 of the front part directly touches a lower end face of the upper member 51 of the temple part, thereby forming electrical connection between the members 11 and 51. Similarly the lower members 12 and 51 are electrically connected.

FIG. 2 shows lenses to be fitted in the eyeglass frame of the above-explained structure.

Paired lenses 21, 22 are respectively provided, on a substrate of glass or plastic material, with a known electrooptical device laminated on said substrate and having electrochromic property. At the upper and lower edges of the device 21, there are exposed electrodes 23, 25. Also at the upper and lower edges of the device 22, there are exposed electrodes 24, 26. The gaps a1, b1 between the electrodes 23 and 25 on the lens 21 respectively correspond to the dividing parts A1, B1 of the frame 1, and the gaps a2, b2 between the electrodes 24 and 26 respectively correspond to the dividing parts A2, B2 of the frame 1.

By fitting the lenses 21, 22 respectively in the right and left rims of the frame 1 and closing said rims by the screws at the dividing parts A1, B1, A2, B2, the upper electrodes 23, 24 of two lenses contact the upper member 11 of the frame, while the lower electrodes 25, 26 contact the lower member 12 of the frame.

As shown in FIG. 1, by connecting terminals 7, connected to the upper and lower members of the temple part, to a power supply unit including a power source 8 and a switch 9, a current is supplied through a path 51-11-23/24-21/22-25/26-12-52 by the actuation of said switch 9, whereby the electrooptical devices of the lenses are activated.

Claims (8)

We claim:
1. An eyeglass frame for supporting an optical member having an electrooptical device and a pair of electrodes exposed in different peripheral positions, comprising:
a front part providing a rim for supporting said optical member, said front part including first and second front members which constitute different parts of said rim, are composed of conductive metal and are mutually insulated electrically, wherein said first front member is in contact with a first peripheral part including one of the paired electrodes of said optical member while the second front member is in contact with a second peripheral part including the other of said paired electrodes; and
means for applying a voltage between said first and second front members, for electric supply to said electrooptical device.
2. An eyeglass frame according to claim 1, wherein said first front member constitutes the upper part of said rim, while said second front member constitutes the lower part of said rim.
3. An eyeglass frame according to claim 1, wherein said optical member includes a pair of optical parts positioned at left and right of said front part, said front part provides left and right rims for supporting said pair of optical parts, and said first and second front members constitute different parts in each of said left and right rims.
4. An eyeglass frame according to claim 1, further comprising a temple part provided at an end of said front part, said temple part including first and second temple members which are respectively connected electrically to said first and second front members, are composed of conductive metal and are mutually insulated eletrically.
5. An eyeglass frame according to claim 4, wherein said voltage applying means is adapted to apply said voltage between said first and second temple members.
6. An eyeglass comprising:
an optical member having an electrooptical device and a pair of electrodes exposed in different peripheral positions;
a front part providing a rim for supporting said optical member, said front part including first and second front members which constitute different parts of said rim, are composed of conductive metal and are mutually insulated electrically, wherein said first front member is in contact with a first peripheral part including one of the paired electrodes of said optical member while the second front member is in contact with a second peripheral part including the other of said paired electrodes; and
means for applying a voltage between said first and second front members, for electric supply to said electrooptical device.
7. An eyeglass according to claim 6, further comprising a temple part provided at an end of said front part, said temple part including first and second temple members which are respectively connected electrically to said first and second front members, are composed of conductive metal and are mutually insulated electrically.
8. An eyeglass according to claim 7, wherein said voltage applying means is adapted to apply said voltage between said first and second temple members.
US07501026 1989-04-07 1990-03-29 Eyeglass frame for electrooptical lenses Expired - Fee Related US4991951A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP8699089A JP2817178B2 (en) 1989-04-07 1989-04-07 Metal frames for glasses
JP1-86990 1989-04-07

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US4991951A true US4991951A (en) 1991-02-12

Family

ID=13902307

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US07501026 Expired - Fee Related US4991951A (en) 1989-04-07 1990-03-29 Eyeglass frame for electrooptical lenses

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US4991951A (en)
JP (1) JP2817178B2 (en)

Cited By (74)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5377037A (en) * 1992-11-06 1994-12-27 Midwest Research Institute Electrochromic-photovoltaic film for light-sensitive control of optical transmittance
US5594573A (en) * 1993-10-15 1997-01-14 August; Gregg D. Image display glasses having an LCD for displaying an image wherein the image provides for viewing by others
WO1998035263A1 (en) * 1997-02-06 1998-08-13 Bausch & Lomb Incorporated Electric connection configuration for electro-optical device
US6010220A (en) * 1998-03-23 2000-01-04 Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc. Tab and bus bar application method
US6099117A (en) * 1998-12-15 2000-08-08 Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc. Hinge with wire extending therethrough
US6163926A (en) * 1999-11-12 2000-12-26 Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc. Split-pin hinge with wire extending therethrough
WO2001035159A1 (en) * 1999-11-12 2001-05-17 Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc. Split-pin hinge with wire extending therethrough
US20020140899A1 (en) * 2000-06-23 2002-10-03 Blum Ronald D. Electro-optic lens with integrated components
US6491391B1 (en) 1999-07-02 2002-12-10 E-Vision Llc System, apparatus, and method for reducing birefringence
US6491394B1 (en) 1999-07-02 2002-12-10 E-Vision, Llc Method for refracting and dispensing electro-active spectacles
US6517203B1 (en) 1999-07-02 2003-02-11 E-Vision, Llc System, apparatus, and method for correcting vision using electro-active spectacles
US6619799B1 (en) 1999-07-02 2003-09-16 E-Vision, Llc Optical lens system with electro-active lens having alterably different focal lengths
US20030210377A1 (en) * 2001-10-05 2003-11-13 Blum Ronald D. Hybrid electro-active lens
US20040027536A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2004-02-12 Blum Ronald D. Electro-active contact lens system
US20040027501A1 (en) * 2002-01-16 2004-02-12 Blum Ronald D. Electro-active multi-focal spectacle lens
US20040084790A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2004-05-06 Blum Ronald D. Method of manufacturing an electro-active lens
US6733130B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2004-05-11 E-Vision, Llc Method for refracting and dispensing electro-active spectacles
US20050185135A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2005-08-25 Blum Ronald D. Electro-active spectacle employing modal liquid crystal lenses
US20050231677A1 (en) * 2004-04-13 2005-10-20 Gerald Meredith Patterned electrodes for electroactive liquid-crystal ophthalmic devices
US20050237485A1 (en) * 2004-04-21 2005-10-27 Blum Ronald D Method and apparatus for correcting vision
US20060023004A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2006-02-02 Duston Dwight P Method and system for electro-active spectacle lens design
US20060066808A1 (en) * 2004-09-27 2006-03-30 Blum Ronald D Ophthalmic lenses incorporating a diffractive element
US7023594B2 (en) 2000-06-23 2006-04-04 E-Vision, Llc Electro-optic lens with integrated components
US20060095128A1 (en) * 2004-11-02 2006-05-04 Blum Ronald D Electro-active intraocular lenses
US20060092340A1 (en) * 2004-11-02 2006-05-04 Blum Ronald D Electro-active spectacles and method of fabricating same
US20060119793A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2006-06-08 Hillis W D Temporal vision modification
US20060122530A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2006-06-08 Goodall Eleanor V Adjustable lens system with neural-based control
US20060119794A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2006-06-08 Hillis W D Vision modification with reflected image
US20060122531A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2006-06-08 Goodall Eleanor V Method and system for adaptive vision modification
US20060146281A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2006-07-06 Goodall Eleanor V Method and system for vision enhancement
US20060164593A1 (en) * 2005-01-21 2006-07-27 Nasser Peyghambarian Adaptive electro-active lens with variable focal length
US20070010757A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2007-01-11 Searete Llc Method and system for adaptive vision modification
US20070019157A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2007-01-25 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Vision modification with reflected image
US20070019272A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2007-01-25 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Vision modification with reflected image
US20070019279A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2007-01-25 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Adjustable lens system with neural-based control
US20070028931A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2007-02-08 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Temporal vision modification
US20070052920A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2007-03-08 Stewart Wilber C Electro-active ophthalmic lens having an optical power blending region
US20070159562A1 (en) * 2006-01-10 2007-07-12 Haddock Joshua N Device and method for manufacturing an electro-active spectacle lens involving a mechanically flexible integration insert
US7264354B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2007-09-04 E-Vision, Llc Method and apparatus for correcting vision using an electro-active phoropter
US20070216864A1 (en) * 2003-08-15 2007-09-20 Ronald Blum Enhanced electro-active lens system
US20070242173A1 (en) * 2004-11-02 2007-10-18 Blum Ronald D Electro-active spectacles and method of fabricating same
US20070258039A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2007-11-08 Duston Dwight P Spectacle frame bridge housing electronics for electro-active spectacle lenses
US20070296918A1 (en) * 2006-06-23 2007-12-27 Blum Ronald D Electronic adapter for electro-active spectacle lenses
US20080002150A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2008-01-03 Blum Ronald D Static progressive surface region in optical communication with a dynamic optic
US20080100792A1 (en) * 2006-10-27 2008-05-01 Blum Ronald D Universal endpiece for spectacle temples
US20080106633A1 (en) * 2002-03-13 2008-05-08 Blum Ronald D Electro-optic lens with integrated components for varying refractive properties
US20080137031A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2008-06-12 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Vision modification with reflected image
US20080218689A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2008-09-11 Blum Ronald D Multifocal lens having a progressive optical power region and a discontinuity
US20080273169A1 (en) * 2007-03-29 2008-11-06 Blum Ronald D Multifocal Lens Having a Progressive Optical Power Region and a Discontinuity
US20080273166A1 (en) * 2007-05-04 2008-11-06 William Kokonaski Electronic eyeglass frame
US20090033863A1 (en) * 2007-02-23 2009-02-05 Blum Ronald D Ophthalmic dynamic aperture
US20090046349A1 (en) * 2007-07-03 2009-02-19 Haddock Joshua N Multifocal lens with a diffractive optical power region
US20090091818A1 (en) * 2007-10-05 2009-04-09 Haddock Joshua N Electro-active insert
US20090103044A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2009-04-23 Duston Dwight P Spectacle frame bridge housing electronics for electro-active spectacle lenses
US20090153794A1 (en) * 2007-12-14 2009-06-18 Iyer Venkatramani S Refractive-diffractive multifocal lens
US20090195751A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2009-08-06 Searete Llc Vision modification with reflected image
US20090279050A1 (en) * 2008-03-25 2009-11-12 Mcginn Joseph Thomas Electro-optic lenses for correction of higher order aberrations
US7656509B2 (en) 2006-05-24 2010-02-02 Pixeloptics, Inc. Optical rangefinder for an electro-active lens
WO2010080999A1 (en) * 2009-01-09 2010-07-15 Pixeloptics, Inc. Electro-active spectacles and associated electronics
US7926940B2 (en) 2007-02-23 2011-04-19 Pixeloptics, Inc. Advanced electro-active optic device
US7988286B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2011-08-02 E-Vision Llc Static progressive surface region in optical communication with a dynamic optic
US20120002160A1 (en) * 2010-07-02 2012-01-05 Pixel Optics, Inc. Frame design for electronic spectacles
US8398234B2 (en) 2011-05-03 2013-03-19 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Electro-thermal antifog optical devices
US8801174B2 (en) 2011-02-11 2014-08-12 Hpo Assets Llc Electronic frames comprising electrical conductors
US8905541B2 (en) 2010-07-02 2014-12-09 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Electronic spectacle frames
US8915588B2 (en) 2004-11-02 2014-12-23 E-Vision Smart Optics, Inc. Eyewear including a heads up display
US8944590B2 (en) 2010-07-02 2015-02-03 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Electronic spectacle frames
US8979259B2 (en) 2010-07-02 2015-03-17 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Electro-active spectacle frames
US9122083B2 (en) 2005-10-28 2015-09-01 E-Vision Smart Optics, Inc. Eyewear docking station and electronic module
US9155614B2 (en) 2007-01-22 2015-10-13 E-Vision Smart Optics, Inc. Flexible dynamic electro-active lens
US9155483B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2015-10-13 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Vision modification with reflected image
US9470909B2 (en) 2011-08-17 2016-10-18 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Moisture-resistant electronic spectacle frames
US9801709B2 (en) 2004-11-02 2017-10-31 E-Vision Smart Optics, Inc. Electro-active intraocular lenses
US9851080B2 (en) 2009-06-09 2017-12-26 Kerr Corporation User-wearable illumination assembly

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5315223B2 (en) * 2009-12-10 2013-10-16 福井めがね工業株式会社 Glasses frame

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3245315A (en) * 1962-09-05 1966-04-12 Alvin M Marks Electro-optic responsive flashblindness controlling device
JPS5254455A (en) * 1975-10-23 1977-05-02 American Cyanamid Co Electroooptical lens having variable light transmission
US4300818A (en) * 1978-03-13 1981-11-17 Schachar Ronald A Multifocal ophthalmic lens

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS62109137U (en) * 1985-12-26 1987-07-11
JPS6366812U (en) * 1986-10-20 1988-05-06

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3245315A (en) * 1962-09-05 1966-04-12 Alvin M Marks Electro-optic responsive flashblindness controlling device
JPS5254455A (en) * 1975-10-23 1977-05-02 American Cyanamid Co Electroooptical lens having variable light transmission
GB1563929A (en) * 1975-10-23 1980-04-02 American Cyanamid Co Ophthalmic glasses with variable light transmissive lenses
US4300818A (en) * 1978-03-13 1981-11-17 Schachar Ronald A Multifocal ophthalmic lens

Cited By (176)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5377037A (en) * 1992-11-06 1994-12-27 Midwest Research Institute Electrochromic-photovoltaic film for light-sensitive control of optical transmittance
US5594573A (en) * 1993-10-15 1997-01-14 August; Gregg D. Image display glasses having an LCD for displaying an image wherein the image provides for viewing by others
WO1998035263A1 (en) * 1997-02-06 1998-08-13 Bausch & Lomb Incorporated Electric connection configuration for electro-optical device
US5980037A (en) * 1997-02-06 1999-11-09 Luxottica Leasing S.P.A. Electric connection configuration for electro-optical device
US6010220A (en) * 1998-03-23 2000-01-04 Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc. Tab and bus bar application method
US6099117A (en) * 1998-12-15 2000-08-08 Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc. Hinge with wire extending therethrough
US7393101B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2008-07-01 E-Vision, Llc Method of manufacturing an electro-active lens
US20060126698A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2006-06-15 E-Vision, Llc Method of manufacturing an electro-active lens
US20070216862A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2007-09-20 Blum Ronald D System, apparatus, and method for correcting vision using an electro-active lens
US6491391B1 (en) 1999-07-02 2002-12-10 E-Vision Llc System, apparatus, and method for reducing birefringence
US6491394B1 (en) 1999-07-02 2002-12-10 E-Vision, Llc Method for refracting and dispensing electro-active spectacles
US6517203B1 (en) 1999-07-02 2003-02-11 E-Vision, Llc System, apparatus, and method for correcting vision using electro-active spectacles
US6619799B1 (en) 1999-07-02 2003-09-16 E-Vision, Llc Optical lens system with electro-active lens having alterably different focal lengths
US8727531B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2014-05-20 E-Vision, Llc Electro-active opthalmic lens having an optical power blending region
US20040027536A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2004-02-12 Blum Ronald D. Electro-active contact lens system
US8641191B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2014-02-04 E-Vision, Llc Static progressive surface region in optical communication with a dynamic optic
US20040051846A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2004-03-18 E-Vision, Llc System, apparatus, and method for correcting vision using an electro-active lens
US20040056986A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2004-03-25 E-Vision, Llc System, apparatus, and method for correcting vision using an electro-active lens
US20040084790A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2004-05-06 Blum Ronald D. Method of manufacturing an electro-active lens
US6733130B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2004-05-11 E-Vision, Llc Method for refracting and dispensing electro-active spectacles
US8333470B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2012-12-18 E-Vision Llc Electro-active opthalmic lens having an optical power blending region
US6851805B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2005-02-08 E-Vision, Llc Stabilized electro-active contact lens
US9323101B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2016-04-26 E-Vision Smart Optics, Inc. Electro-active opthalmic lens having an optical power blending region
US8047651B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2011-11-01 E-Vision Inc. Electro-active opthalmic lens having an optical power blending region
US20050140924A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2005-06-30 E-Vision, Llc Electro-active multi-focal spectacle lens
US6918670B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2005-07-19 E-Vision, Llc System, apparatus, and method for correcting vision using an electro-active lens
US20050185135A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2005-08-25 Blum Ronald D. Electro-active spectacle employing modal liquid crystal lenses
US8029134B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2011-10-04 E-Vision, Llc System, apparatus, and method for correcting vision using an electro-active lens
US7997733B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2011-08-16 E-Vision, Llc System, apparatus and method for correcting vision with an adaptive optic
US6986579B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2006-01-17 E-Vision, Llc Method of manufacturing an electro-active lens
US20060023004A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2006-02-02 Duston Dwight P Method and system for electro-active spectacle lens design
US7988286B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2011-08-02 E-Vision Llc Static progressive surface region in optical communication with a dynamic optic
US7775660B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2010-08-17 E-Vision Llc Electro-active ophthalmic lens having an optical power blending region
US7744214B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2010-06-29 E-Vision Llc System, apparatus and method for correcting vision with an adaptive optic
US7604349B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2009-10-20 E-Vision, Llc Static progressive surface region in optical communication with a dynamic optic
US20060098164A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2006-05-11 E-Vision, Llc Electro-optic lens with integrated components for varying refractive properties
US20090195749A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2009-08-06 Blum Ronald D Electro-optic lens with integrated components for varying refractive properties
US7524059B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2009-04-28 E-Vision, Llc System, apparatus and method for correcting vision with an adaptive optic
US20090103044A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2009-04-23 Duston Dwight P Spectacle frame bridge housing electronics for electro-active spectacle lenses
US7517083B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2009-04-14 E-Vision, Llc Electro-optic lens with integrated components for varying refractive properties
US9411173B1 (en) 1999-07-02 2016-08-09 E-Vision Smart Optics, Inc. Electro-active opthalmic lens having an optical power blending region
US7731358B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2010-06-08 E-Vision Llc System, apparatus, and method for correcting vision using an electro-active lens
US7077519B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2006-07-18 E-Vision, Llc System, apparatus, and method for correcting vision using an electro-active lens
US20080316425A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2008-12-25 Blum Ronald D System, apparatus, and method for correcting vision using an electro-active lens
US7404636B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2008-07-29 E-Vision, Llc Electro-active spectacle employing modal liquid crystal lenses
US7396126B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2008-07-08 E-Vision, Llc Electro-active multi-focal spectacle lens
US9500883B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2016-11-22 E-Vision Smart Optics, Inc. Electro-active opthalmic lens having an optical power blending region
US7475985B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2009-01-13 Pixeloptics Inc. System, apparatus, and method for correcting vision using an electro-active lens
US20080002150A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2008-01-03 Blum Ronald D Static progressive surface region in optical communication with a dynamic optic
US20070258039A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2007-11-08 Duston Dwight P Spectacle frame bridge housing electronics for electro-active spectacle lenses
US20070052920A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2007-03-08 Stewart Wilber C Electro-active ophthalmic lens having an optical power blending region
US20070081126A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2007-04-12 E-Vision, Llc System, apparatus and method for correcting vision with an adaptive optic
US20070091258A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2007-04-26 E-Vision, Llc System, apparatus and method for correcting vision with an adaptive optic
US7234809B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2007-06-26 E-Vision, Llc Ophthalmic spectacle lens for correcting non-conventional refractive error
US20070146627A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2007-06-28 E-Vision, Llc System, apparatus and method for correcting vision using an electro-active lens
US7290876B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2007-11-06 E-Vision, Llc Method and system for electro-active spectacle lens design
US7264354B2 (en) 1999-07-02 2007-09-04 E-Vision, Llc Method and apparatus for correcting vision using an electro-active phoropter
US20060238701A1 (en) * 1999-07-02 2006-10-26 E-Vision, Llc Ophthalmic lens for correcting non-conventional refractive error
WO2001035159A1 (en) * 1999-11-12 2001-05-17 Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc. Split-pin hinge with wire extending therethrough
US6163926A (en) * 1999-11-12 2000-12-26 Ppg Industries Ohio, Inc. Split-pin hinge with wire extending therethrough
US20020140899A1 (en) * 2000-06-23 2002-10-03 Blum Ronald D. Electro-optic lens with integrated components
US7023594B2 (en) 2000-06-23 2006-04-04 E-Vision, Llc Electro-optic lens with integrated components
US6871951B2 (en) 2000-06-23 2005-03-29 E-Vision, Llc Electro-optic lens with integrated components
US7475984B2 (en) 2000-06-23 2009-01-13 Pixeloptics Inc. Electro-optic lens with integrated components
US20040223113A1 (en) * 2001-10-05 2004-11-11 Blum Ronald D. Hybrid electro-active lens
US20030210377A1 (en) * 2001-10-05 2003-11-13 Blum Ronald D. Hybrid electro-active lens
US20040027501A1 (en) * 2002-01-16 2004-02-12 Blum Ronald D. Electro-active multi-focal spectacle lens
US6857741B2 (en) 2002-01-16 2005-02-22 E-Vision, Llc Electro-active multi-focal spectacle lens
US20080106633A1 (en) * 2002-03-13 2008-05-08 Blum Ronald D Electro-optic lens with integrated components for varying refractive properties
US20080024718A1 (en) * 2003-08-15 2008-01-31 Ronald Blum Enhanced electro-active lens system
US7490936B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2009-02-17 E-Vision Llc Enhanced electro-active lens system
US20070216864A1 (en) * 2003-08-15 2007-09-20 Ronald Blum Enhanced electro-active lens system
US7374283B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2008-05-20 E-Vision, Llc Enhanced electro-active lens system
US7588332B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2009-09-15 Pixel Optics Enhanced electro-active lens system
US20050231677A1 (en) * 2004-04-13 2005-10-20 Gerald Meredith Patterned electrodes for electroactive liquid-crystal ophthalmic devices
US20050237485A1 (en) * 2004-04-21 2005-10-27 Blum Ronald D Method and apparatus for correcting vision
US20060066808A1 (en) * 2004-09-27 2006-03-30 Blum Ronald D Ophthalmic lenses incorporating a diffractive element
US8915588B2 (en) 2004-11-02 2014-12-23 E-Vision Smart Optics, Inc. Eyewear including a heads up display
US20060092340A1 (en) * 2004-11-02 2006-05-04 Blum Ronald D Electro-active spectacles and method of fabricating same
US9124796B2 (en) 2004-11-02 2015-09-01 E-Vision Smart Optics, Inc. Eyewear including a remote control camera
US20070242173A1 (en) * 2004-11-02 2007-10-18 Blum Ronald D Electro-active spectacles and method of fabricating same
US8778022B2 (en) 2004-11-02 2014-07-15 E-Vision Smart Optics Inc. Electro-active intraocular lenses
US7425066B2 (en) 2004-11-02 2008-09-16 E-Vision, Llc Electro-active spectacles and method of fabricating same
US20060095128A1 (en) * 2004-11-02 2006-05-04 Blum Ronald D Electro-active intraocular lenses
US8931896B2 (en) 2004-11-02 2015-01-13 E-Vision Smart Optics Inc. Eyewear including a docking station
US9801709B2 (en) 2004-11-02 2017-10-31 E-Vision Smart Optics, Inc. Electro-active intraocular lenses
US7290875B2 (en) 2004-11-02 2007-11-06 Blum Ronald D Electro-active spectacles and method of fabricating same
US20060122530A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2006-06-08 Goodall Eleanor V Adjustable lens system with neural-based control
US20060146281A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2006-07-06 Goodall Eleanor V Method and system for vision enhancement
US7486988B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2009-02-03 Searete Llc Method and system for adaptive vision modification
US8562540B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2013-10-22 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Method and system for adaptive vision modification
US8282212B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2012-10-09 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Vision modification with reflected image
US7470027B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2008-12-30 Searete Llc Temporal vision modification
US9459470B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2016-10-04 Gearbox, Llc Vision modification with reflected image
US20060122531A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2006-06-08 Goodall Eleanor V Method and system for adaptive vision modification
US20060119794A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2006-06-08 Hillis W D Vision modification with reflected image
US8109632B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2012-02-07 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Vision modification with reflected image
US7594727B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2009-09-29 Searete Llc Vision modification with reflected image
US20070010757A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2007-01-11 Searete Llc Method and system for adaptive vision modification
US7334892B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2008-02-26 Searete Llc Method and system for vision enhancement
US20060119793A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2006-06-08 Hillis W D Temporal vision modification
US20090195751A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2009-08-06 Searete Llc Vision modification with reflected image
US7344244B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2008-03-18 Searete, Llc Adjustable lens system with neural-based control
US20070019272A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2007-01-25 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Vision modification with reflected image
US7350919B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2008-04-01 Searete Llc Vision modification with reflected image
US20080161673A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2008-07-03 Searete Llc. Method and system for adaptive vision modification
US20070019279A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2007-01-25 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Adjustable lens system with neural-based control
US7656569B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2010-02-02 Searete Llc Vision modification with reflected image
US20070019157A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2007-01-25 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Vision modification with reflected image
US20100103373A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2010-04-29 Searete Llc Vision modification with reflected image
US7334894B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2008-02-26 Searete, Llc Temporal vision modification
US7390088B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2008-06-24 Searete Llc Adjustable lens system with neural-based control
US9155483B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2015-10-13 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Vision modification with reflected image
US20100177279A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2010-07-15 Searete Llc Vision modification with reflected image
US8104892B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2012-01-31 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Vision modification with reflected image
US7931373B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2011-04-26 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Vision modification with reflected image
US20080137031A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2008-06-12 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Vision modification with reflected image
US20070028931A1 (en) * 2004-12-03 2007-02-08 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Temporal vision modification
US8244342B2 (en) 2004-12-03 2012-08-14 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Method and system for adaptive vision modification
US20060164593A1 (en) * 2005-01-21 2006-07-27 Nasser Peyghambarian Adaptive electro-active lens with variable focal length
US8885139B2 (en) 2005-01-21 2014-11-11 Johnson & Johnson Vision Care Adaptive electro-active lens with variable focal length
US9122083B2 (en) 2005-10-28 2015-09-01 E-Vision Smart Optics, Inc. Eyewear docking station and electronic module
US20070159562A1 (en) * 2006-01-10 2007-07-12 Haddock Joshua N Device and method for manufacturing an electro-active spectacle lens involving a mechanically flexible integration insert
US8337014B2 (en) 2006-05-03 2012-12-25 Pixeloptics, Inc. Electronic eyeglass frame
US20100271588A1 (en) * 2006-05-03 2010-10-28 Pixeloptics, Inc. Electronic eyeglass frame
US7656509B2 (en) 2006-05-24 2010-02-02 Pixeloptics, Inc. Optical rangefinder for an electro-active lens
US20090115961A1 (en) * 2006-06-23 2009-05-07 Pixeloptics Inc. Electronic adapter for electro-active spectacle lenses
US8408699B2 (en) 2006-06-23 2013-04-02 Pixeloptics, Inc. Electro-active spectacle lenses
US7527375B2 (en) 2006-06-23 2009-05-05 Pixeloptics Inc. Electronic adapter for electro-active spectacle lenses
US7971994B2 (en) 2006-06-23 2011-07-05 Pixeloptics, Inc. Electro-active spectacle lenses
US20070296918A1 (en) * 2006-06-23 2007-12-27 Blum Ronald D Electronic adapter for electro-active spectacle lenses
US20110228212A1 (en) * 2006-06-23 2011-09-22 Pixeloptics, Inc. Electro-Active Spectacle Lenses
US20080106694A1 (en) * 2006-10-27 2008-05-08 Blum Ronald D Spectacle hinge for providing on off power
US20080100792A1 (en) * 2006-10-27 2008-05-01 Blum Ronald D Universal endpiece for spectacle temples
US20080129953A1 (en) * 2006-10-27 2008-06-05 Blum Ronald D Break away hinge for spectacles
US20090201460A1 (en) * 2006-10-27 2009-08-13 Blum Ronald D Spectacle temple for lens
US9155614B2 (en) 2007-01-22 2015-10-13 E-Vision Smart Optics, Inc. Flexible dynamic electro-active lens
US7926940B2 (en) 2007-02-23 2011-04-19 Pixeloptics, Inc. Advanced electro-active optic device
US20090033863A1 (en) * 2007-02-23 2009-02-05 Blum Ronald D Ophthalmic dynamic aperture
US8215770B2 (en) 2007-02-23 2012-07-10 E-A Ophthalmics Ophthalmic dynamic aperture
US7883206B2 (en) 2007-03-07 2011-02-08 Pixeloptics, Inc. Multifocal lens having a progressive optical power region and a discontinuity
US20110194069A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2011-08-11 Pixeloptics, Inc. Multifocal Lens Having a Progressive Optical Power Region and Discontinuity
US8662665B2 (en) 2007-03-07 2014-03-04 Pixeloptics, Inc. Refractive-diffractive multifocal lens
US20080218689A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2008-09-11 Blum Ronald D Multifocal lens having a progressive optical power region and a discontinuity
US8197063B2 (en) 2007-03-07 2012-06-12 Pixeloptics, Inc. Refractive-diffractive multifocal lens
US8434865B2 (en) 2007-03-07 2013-05-07 Pixeloptics, Inc. Multifocal lens having a progressive optical power region and a discontinuity
US8308295B2 (en) 2007-03-07 2012-11-13 Pixeloptics, Inc. Multifocal lens having a progressive optical power region and discontinuity
US20080273169A1 (en) * 2007-03-29 2008-11-06 Blum Ronald D Multifocal Lens Having a Progressive Optical Power Region and a Discontinuity
US8092016B2 (en) 2007-03-29 2012-01-10 Pixeloptics, Inc. Multifocal lens having a progressive optical power region and a discontinuity
US20110007266A1 (en) * 2007-03-29 2011-01-13 Pixeloptics, Inc. Multifocal lens having a progressive optical power region and a discontinuity
US9033494B2 (en) 2007-03-29 2015-05-19 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Multifocal lens having a progressive optical power region and a discontinuity
US9028062B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2015-05-12 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Electronic eyeglass frame
US20080273166A1 (en) * 2007-05-04 2008-11-06 William Kokonaski Electronic eyeglass frame
US8708483B2 (en) 2007-05-04 2014-04-29 Pixeloptics, Inc. Electronic eyeglass frame
US20090046349A1 (en) * 2007-07-03 2009-02-19 Haddock Joshua N Multifocal lens with a diffractive optical power region
US8317321B2 (en) 2007-07-03 2012-11-27 Pixeloptics, Inc. Multifocal lens with a diffractive optical power region
US9411172B2 (en) 2007-07-03 2016-08-09 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Multifocal lens with a diffractive optical power region
US20090091818A1 (en) * 2007-10-05 2009-04-09 Haddock Joshua N Electro-active insert
US20090153794A1 (en) * 2007-12-14 2009-06-18 Iyer Venkatramani S Refractive-diffractive multifocal lens
US7883207B2 (en) 2007-12-14 2011-02-08 Pixeloptics, Inc. Refractive-diffractive multifocal lens
US8154804B2 (en) 2008-03-25 2012-04-10 E-Vision Smart Optics, Inc. Electro-optic lenses for correction of higher order aberrations
US20090279050A1 (en) * 2008-03-25 2009-11-12 Mcginn Joseph Thomas Electro-optic lenses for correction of higher order aberrations
US9229248B2 (en) 2009-01-09 2016-01-05 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Electro-active spectacles and associated electronics
US20100177277A1 (en) * 2009-01-09 2010-07-15 Pixeloptics, Inc. Electro-active spectacles and associated electronics
WO2010080999A1 (en) * 2009-01-09 2010-07-15 Pixeloptics, Inc. Electro-active spectacles and associated electronics
US9851080B2 (en) 2009-06-09 2017-12-26 Kerr Corporation User-wearable illumination assembly
US8979259B2 (en) 2010-07-02 2015-03-17 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Electro-active spectacle frames
US8944590B2 (en) 2010-07-02 2015-02-03 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Electronic spectacle frames
WO2012003499A3 (en) * 2010-07-02 2012-04-05 Pixeloptics, Inc. Electro-active spectacle frames
US20120002160A1 (en) * 2010-07-02 2012-01-05 Pixel Optics, Inc. Frame design for electronic spectacles
US8905541B2 (en) 2010-07-02 2014-12-09 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Electronic spectacle frames
US8783861B2 (en) 2010-07-02 2014-07-22 Pixeloptics, Inc. Frame design for electronic spectacles
US9946097B2 (en) 2011-02-11 2018-04-17 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Electronic frames comprising electrical conductors
US8801174B2 (en) 2011-02-11 2014-08-12 Hpo Assets Llc Electronic frames comprising electrical conductors
US8398234B2 (en) 2011-05-03 2013-03-19 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Electro-thermal antifog optical devices
US9470909B2 (en) 2011-08-17 2016-10-18 Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. Moisture-resistant electronic spectacle frames

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JP2817178B2 (en) 1998-10-27 grant
JPH02266322A (en) 1990-10-31 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5148306A (en) Electrochromic device with specific resistances
US6359674B1 (en) Liquid crystal lens, liquid crystal lens unit, and liquid crystal lens assembly
US5463428A (en) Wireless active eyewear for stereoscopic applications
US6108057A (en) Liquid crystal display having electrostatic discharge damage prevention
US5353148A (en) Electrochromic device
US20060290651A1 (en) Electrooptic/micromechanical display with discretely controllable bistable transflector
CN101344698A (en) Electrically-driven liquid crystal lens and stereoscopic display device using the same
US4048796A (en) Touch sensitive electrodes formed on the frame of an electronic wristwatch
US5594573A (en) Image display glasses having an LCD for displaying an image wherein the image provides for viewing by others
US5067795A (en) Adjustable transparency spectacles
JPS6278532A (en) Liquid crystal display element
US4059956A (en) Touch type contactless switch structure for electronic wristwatches having insulative member precluding establishment of shunt path by foreign matter
US5980037A (en) Electric connection configuration for electro-optical device
GB2170613A (en) Liquid crystal spectacles
GB1563929A (en) Ophthalmic glasses with variable light transmissive lenses
US20040183986A1 (en) Liquid crystal display and method for manufacturing the same
WO2009081542A1 (en) Method for manufacturing lens for electronic spectacles, lens for electronic spectacles, and electronic spectacles
JPS6273207A (en) Optical waveguide device
JP2006313248A (en) Liquid crystal lens
US7158276B1 (en) Pressure sensitive electrochromic device and method of fabricating the same
US20120120333A1 (en) Liquid crystal lens, controlling method thereof and 3d display using the same
CN102692748A (en) Touch control grating, display device and method for realizing 3D and touch control functions
US4828364A (en) Liquid crystal display device with light shield of specific transmittance
JP2008216626A (en) Variable focal lens
JP2009098655A (en) Electronic spectacles

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: NIKON CORPORATION, 2-3, MARUNOUCHI 3-CHOME, CHIYOD

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:MIZUNO, MITSUYOSHI;NIWA, TATSUO;REEL/FRAME:005265/0837

Effective date: 19900328

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 8

REMI Maintenance fee reminder mailed
LAPS Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
FP Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee

Effective date: 20030212