US4941362A - Torque and angular displacement sensing in controlled wrenches - Google Patents

Torque and angular displacement sensing in controlled wrenches Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US4941362A
US4941362A US07292688 US29268889A US4941362A US 4941362 A US4941362 A US 4941362A US 07292688 US07292688 US 07292688 US 29268889 A US29268889 A US 29268889A US 4941362 A US4941362 A US 4941362A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
wrench
torque
angular
displacement
transducer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
US07292688
Inventor
Angelo Tambini
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SPS TECHNOLOGIES Inc A CORP OF
SPS Technologies Inc
Original Assignee
SPS Technologies Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B23/00Details of, or accessories for, spanners, wrenches, screwdrivers
    • B25B23/14Arrangement of torque limiters or torque indicators in wrenches or screwdrivers
    • B25B23/145Arrangement of torque limiters or torque indicators in wrenches or screwdrivers specially adapted for fluid operated wrenches or screwdrivers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B21/00Portable power-driven screw or nut setting or loosening tools; Attachments for drilling apparatus serving the same purpose
    • B25B21/004Portable power-driven screw or nut setting or loosening tools; Attachments for drilling apparatus serving the same purpose of the ratchet type
    • B25B21/005Portable power-driven screw or nut setting or loosening tools; Attachments for drilling apparatus serving the same purpose of the ratchet type driven by a radially acting hydraulic or pneumatic piston

Abstract

The torque and angular displacement transducers in a controlled wrench apparatus are relocated to reduce the problems encountered therewith from the harsh physical environment experienced by such transducers in conventional designs. In one preferred embodiment, both the torque and angular displacement transducers are located at remote locations from the movable elements of the wrench mechanism and are each housed in a conventional hydraulic fitting to be more readily replaceable for maintenance purposes, as compared to the transducers of conventional designs.

Description

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

The present application is a continuation-in-part of copending application Ser. No. 07/067,896, filed June 29, 1987, now U.S. Pat. No. 4,823,616, the subject matter of which is incorporated herein by reference.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

When a plurality of parts or subassemblies are joined in a composite assembly which is secured by fasteners having threaded members, it is desirable to tighten such threaded members at each joint until a predetermined threshold is reached thereat. A continual clamping force or load, similar to that applied by a lock washer, is exerted in this way to insure the integrity of the joint. Torque or torque and angle signals are used as inputs to control algorithms in an attempt to achieve a particular clamping force. Hydraulic or pneumatic power wrench mechanisms are commonly utilized for tightening fasteners. Circuitry in these power wrenches includes signal processing means for indicating when a preset torque threshold or torque plus angle threshold or some combination such as the yield threshold of a joint has been reached, as disclosed and claimed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,104,779 and 4,211,120. The signals processed by such circuitry are sensed concurrently and usually relate to the torque applied in tightening the fastener and the angular displacement of the fastener during tightening. In hydraulic power wrench mechanisms, it is conventional to utilize strain gauges disposed on the lever arm through which force is applied to turn the fastener, as the transducer means for sensing the torque. The conventional transducer means for sensing the angular displacement in such hydraulic power wrench mechanisms, is a potentiometer disposed along the turn axis of the wrench head through which torque is applied to the fastener. Because of their location relative to the moving parts of the power wrench mechanism, the strain gauges and potentiometer are subject to a harsh physical environment which results from vibration and exposure to damage, with the potentiometer being particularly vulnerable. Furthermore, unless costly slip rings are utilized within the pivotal joints of the wrench mechanism, wires from such transducers will also be exposed to the same harsh environment and therefore, may be the cause of open circuits and dead or intermittent shorts in the signal processing circuitry. Also, installation of these transducers on the wrench mechanism is an intricate task which must be laboriously repeated whenever the transducers fail or the wrench mechanism is modified or maintained.

SUMMARY OF THE PRESENT INVENTION

It is the general object of the present invention to provide means for sensing either or both the angular displacement and torque with transducers remote from their conventional locations on the wrench mechanism for monitoring or control of a wrench apparatus, thereby moderating the harsh physical environment otherwise encountered thereat.

It is the specific object of the present invention to utilize transducer means for sensing either or both the angular displacement and torque, which is easily installed at remote locations from the harsh physical environment on the wrench mechanism and useable by a torque/torque angle tightening controller.

Relative to the torque transducer, these and other objects are accomplished with a pressure sensor disposed in the network through which the fluid medium passes to power the wrench mechanism. In regard to the angular displacement transducer, these and other objects are accomplished in one embodiment with a flow sensor disposed in the network through which the fluid medium passes to power the wrench mechanism. In another embodiment, a potentiometer is utilized as the angular displacement transducer and is disposed at a location on the wrench mechanism removed from the particularly harsh physical environment at its conventional location along the turn axis of the wrench head.

When utilized the pressure and flow sensors are housed in conventional fittings that can be easily installed as desired in the network through which the fluid medium passes to power the wrench mechanism. The scope of the invention is only limited by the appended claims for which support is predicated on the preferred embodiments hereinafter set forth in the following description and the attached drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

FIG. 1 is an overall view of a controlled wrench apparatus wherein the torque and angular displacement transducers are each disposed in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is an overall view of a controlled wrench apparatus wherein the angular displacement transducer is remotely disposed relative to the movable parts of the wrench mechanism, in accordance with the invention; and

FIG. 3 is an overall view of a controlled wrench apparatus wherein both the torque and angular displacement transducers are remotely disposed relative to the movable parts of the wrench mechanism, in accordance with the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

This invention relates to a controlled wrench apparatus that derives its control inputs from concurrently monitored signals relating to the torque applied in tightening the fastener and the angular displacement of the fastener during tightening. Conventionally, such apparatus includes a power wrench mechanism and circuit means for processing the torque and angular displacement signals to produce an indication when a predetermined threshold, such as a predetermined torque threshold and/or torque plus angle threshold, is reached. The signals are processed in accordance with a particular predetermined standard or control algorithm. The power wrench mechanism is driven by a pressurized fluid to turn a wrench head which tightens the fastener and either a hydraulic or pneumatic fluid may be utilized. Furthermore, the power wrench mechanism may have any conventional design, such as that of a pneumatic rotary wrench or a hydraulic ratchet wrench.

In its broadest scope, the invention utilizes a transducer means for sensing such torque and/or angular displacement in direct proportion to characteristic of the fluid medium. Relative to the torque, such transducer means monitors the pressure applied to the wrench mechanism by the fluid medium and relative to the angular displacement, such transducer means monitors the flow of the fluid medium to the wrench mechanism. Because these transducer means must be compatible with the network through which the fluid medium passes, conventional fluid fittings are utilized to house such transducer means. These fittings are much more easily installed than are conventional torque and angular displacement transducer arrangements, and provide another advantage relative thereto in that they are locatable remotely from the harsh physical environment which exists in proximity to the moving elements of the wrench mechanism.

Some preferred embodiments of the invention are illustrated in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, each of which relates to a particular controlled wrench apparatus 10. Included in each apparatus 10 is a power wrench mechanism 12, such as the hydraulic power ratchet wrench shown, which provides a wrench head (not shown) for tightening a member of a threaded fastener to secure a plurality of parts, such as structural members, at a joint therebetween in a composite assembly (not shown). Each apparatus 10 also includes circuitry 14 for processing signal outputs from transducers 16 and 18 which sense the torque applied in tightening the fastener member and the angular displacement of the fastener member during tightening respectively, to derive an indication when a predetermined torque threshold and/or torque plus angle threshold has been reached in the joint. The controlled wrench apparatus 10 can be arranged on a base plate 20 upon which both the power wrench mechanism 12 and the signal processing circuitry 14 are mounted, even though the latter is shown to be removed therefrom for illustrative purposes, in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3.

In the wrench mechanism 12 illustrated in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, one end of a hydraulic cylinder 22 is pivotally affixed to the base plate 20 at a location 24. A piston (not shown) is free to move axially within the cylinder 22 and has a rod 26 affixed thereto which extends axially through the other end of the cylinder 22. An axial force is developed by the piston in proportion to the hydraulic pressure applied over its circular end surface divided by the area of that surface, and is exerted through the rod 26 which moves axially as the actuating member of the wrench mechanism 12. The axial distance through which the piston and rod 26 move is directly proportional to the hydraulic flow into the cylinder 22 divided by the circular end surface area of the piston. Supply and return of the hydraulic flow for actuating the piston is provided through lines 28 connected at each end of the cylinder 22. Of course, the movement and force exerted by the piston may be in either axial direction of the cylinder 22 and control thereof may be accomplished by interchanging the supply and return lines 28 in accordance with the direction desired.

At its extended end, the rod 26 is pivotally affixed to one end of a lever arm 30 through which the force developed by the cylinder piston is applied as torque to the wrench head. The other end of the lever arm 30 is fixedly attached to a ratchet means 32 for turning the wrench head in the rotational direction which tightens the fastener and turning independently of the wrench head in the other rotational direction. Any conventional design may be utilized for the ratchet means 32, such as the pawl 34 and sawtooth wheel 36 illustrated in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, wherein the wrench head and sawtooth wheel 36 turn about the same axis.

The signal processing circuitry 14 may utilize any of the well-known approaches for monitoring or controlling fastener clamp load in a joint. Torque control, angle control and turn of nut are common control strategies For example, with the approach utilized in U.S. Pat. No. 4,211,120, the instantaneous slope of the torque versus angular displacement curve is continuously monitored while a fastener is tightened in a joint. When that slope reaches a predetermined percentage of the known slope at a yield point, the yield threshold indication occurs. In the approach of U.S. Pat. No. 4,104,779, the instantaneous change in area under the torque versus angular displacement curve is continuously monitored while a fastener is tightened in a joint. When that instantaneous change in area reaches a predetermined percentage of the known instantaneous change in area at the yield point or some similarly significant point, an indication occurs. Of course, the indication may be visual, such as a blinking light, or a shutdown control, such as a hydraulic pump shutoff switch.

In the FIG. 1 embodiments of the invention, a potentiometer 38 is utilized for the angular displacement transducer 18, as is conventional whether the controlled wrench apparatus includes a manual or power wrench. However, the potentiometer 38 is not located along the turn axis of the wrench head, as is conventional in such controlled wrench apparatus. To reduce the particularly harsh physical environment which would otherwise be encountered thereby along that turn axis, the potentiometer 38 is instead located along the pivot axis through the connection between the rod 26 and the lever arm 30. The angular displacement signal passes from the potentiometer 38 through wires 39 to the processing circuitry 14. Of course, the angular displacement of the wrench head is directly proportional to the relative angular displacement between the lever arm 30 and the rod 26, because the lever arm 30 is designed to transmit the torque without significant bending and its length is fixed.

As another embodiment of the invention, a pressure sensor 40 is utilized in the FIG. 1 arrangement to replace the strain gauges which are normally affixed to the lever arm 30 as the torque transducer 16 in conventional controlled wrench apparatus. Although the pressure sensor 40 could be disposed in either supply or return hydraulic line 28, it is shown in the supply line 28 of the flow arrangement for actuating the cylinder piston to extend the rod 26 out from the cylinder 22. Signal output from the pressure sensor 40 passes to the signal processing circuitry 14 through wires 42.

Because of its location in the hydraulic line 28, pressure sensor 40 is completely remote from the generally harsh physical environment that would be encountered on the lever arm 30 by the previously mentioned strain gauges. Furthermore, the pressure sensor 40 is housed in a conventional hydraulic fitting and therefore, can be more readily replaced for maintenance purposes, as compared to such strain gauges, which are commonly affixed with bonding materials, such as epoxy. Of course, the torque applied to the wrench head is equal to the force applied to the lever arm 30 through the rod 26, multiplied by the length of the lever arm 30. Since the axial force applied through the rod 26 is equal to the pressure applied over the circular surface of the cylinder piston, divided by the area of that surface, the pressure sensed by transducer 16 is directly proportional to that force. Therefore, the signal output from the pressure sensor 40 relates directly to the torque that is applied to the wrench head and cumbersome signal processing thereof is unnecessary in the circuitry 14.

A flow sensor 44 is utilized as the angular displacement transducer 18, in the FIG. 2 embodiment of the invention instead of the potentiometer 38 which is utilized in one FIG. 1 embodiment of the invention. Although the flow sensor 44 could be disposed in either supply or return hydraulic line 28, it is shown in the supply line 28 of the flow arrangement for actuating the cylinder piston to extend the rod 26 out from the cylinder 22. Because of its location in the hydraulic line 28, flow sensor 44 is completely remote from the particularly harsh physical environment encountered along the turn axis of the wrench head, as well as the somewhat harsh physical environment encountered by the potentiometer 38 along the pivot axis through the connection between the rod 26 and the lever arm 30 in FIG. 1. Furthermore, the flow sensor 44 is housed in a conventional hydraulic fitting and therefore, can be more readily replaced for maintenance purposes as compared to the potentiometer 38.

As mentioned previously in regard to FIG. 1, the angular displacement of the wrench head is directly proportional to the relative angular displacement between the lever arm 30 and the rod 26, because the lever arm 30 is designed to transmit the torque without significant bending and its length is fixed. Of course, the relative angular displacement between the lever arm 30 and the rod 26 is the angle whose tangent equals the incremental change in length of the rod 26 divided by the fixed length of the lever arm 30. Since the incremental change in length of the rod 26 is equal to the volume of incremental flow supplied to the cylinder 22, divided by the fixed circular end surface area of the cylinder piston, the incremental flow sensed by transducer 18 is directly proportional to the incremental change in length of the rod 26. Therefore, the signal output from the flow sensor 44, which passes to the signal processing circuitry 14 through wires 46, relates directly to the angular displacement of the wrench head and cumbersome signal processing thereof is not necessary in the circuitry 14. In this embodiment, the torque transducer 16 is provided by strain gauges 48 which are affixed on the lever arm 30 and pass the signal output therefrom through wires 50, as is considered conventional for both manual and powered controlled wrench apparatus.

The FIG. 3 embodiment of the invention, incorporates both the pressure sensor 40 for the torque transducer 16, as was previously disclosed in one FIG. 1 embodiment and the flow sensor 44 for the angular displacement transducer 18, as was previously disclosed in the FIG. 2 embodiment. Therefore, signals in direct proportion to both the torque applied to the wrench head and the angular displacement thereof are derived with such transducers disposed at completely remote locations from the generally harsh physical environment on the wrench mechanism 12. Furthermore, both the pressure sensor 40 and flow sensor 44 are housed in conventional hydraulic fittings and consequently, can be more readily replaced for maintenance purposes as compared to the strain gauges and potentiometer which are utilized in conventional controlled wrench apparatus to monitor the torque and angular displacement respectively. The hydraulic lines 28 in FIG. 3 connect to a hydraulic reservoir 52 which completes the hydraulic network and would also be found in the controlled wrench apparatus 10 of FIGS. 1 and 2. Of course, as in FIGS. 1 and 2, wires 42 and 46 pass the signals to the circuitry 14 from the pressure sensor 40 and the flow sensor 44 respectively.

From the foregoing description it should be apparent to those skilled in the art that explanations are provided therein as to how the previously stated objects of the invention are accomplished. The potentiometer 38 for sensing the angular displacement of the wrench head is disposed at a location along the pivot axis of the connection between the cylinder rod 26 and lever arm 30, away from the particularly harsh physical environment of its conventional location along the turn axis of the wrench head. To sense the angular displacement at a remote location from the generally harsh physical environment of the wrench mechanism 12, the flow sensor 44 is disposed in one of the hydraulic lines 28. Conventional strain gauges for sensing the torque applied to the wrench head are replaced with the pressure sensor 40 which is also disposed at a remote location from the generally harsh physical environment of the wrench mechanism 12, in one of the hydraulic lines 28. Of course, the pressure sensor 40 and the flow sensor 44 are more readily replaced for maintenance purposes as compared to the strain gauges and potentiometer 38 respectively, because they are housed in conventional hydraulic fittings.

While this invention has been described with respect to particular embodiments thereof, it is apparent that numerous other forms and modifications of this invention will be obvious to those skilled in the art. The appended claims and this invention generally should be construed to cover all such obvious forms and modifications which are within the time spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims (13)

What is claimed as novel is:
1. A controlled wrench apparatus, comprising:
a base plate;
a hydraulic cylinder with a longitudinal axis and having one axial end thereof pivotally affixed to said base plate, said cylinder including an axially movable piston disposed internally therein, said piston having a rod affixed thereto and extending therefrom through the other axial end of said cylinder, the extended length of said rod from said cylinder being variable by applying hydraulic pressure to move said piston along said axis;
a lever arm having one end thereof pivotally affixed to the extended end of said rod;
a ratchet means affixed to said base plate for turning said wrench head in one rotational direction and turning independently of said wrench head in the other rotational direction, said ratchet means being fixedly connected to the other end of said lever arm through which torque is applied thereto;
a transducer for sensing a signal in proportion to the torque applied by said wrench head;
a transducer for sensing a signal in proportion to the angular displacement of said wrench head, said angular displacement transducer being disposed at a location other than along the rotational axis of said wrench head; and
circuit means for processing said torque and said angular displacement signals to indicate when a predetermined threshold is reached.
2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said torque transducer is a hydraulic pressure sensor for deriving a signal in proportion to the force conveyed from said piston to said lever arm through said rod.
3. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said angular displacement transducer is a potentiometer disposed at a location along the pivotal axis through said lever arm and said rod.
4. The apparatus of claim 3 wherein said torque transducer is a hydraulic pressure sensor for deriving a signal in proportion to the force conveyed from said piston to said lever arm through said rod.
5. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said angular displacement transducer is a hydraulic flow sensor for deriving a signal in proportion to the tangent of the angle travelled by said wrench head due to the linear travel of said rod.
6. The apparatus of claim 5 wherein said torque transducer is a hydraulic pressure sensor for deriving a signal in proportion to the force conveyed from said piston to said lever arm through said rod.
7. A controlled wrench apparatus, comprising:
a base plate;
a hydraulic cylinder with a longitudinal axis and having one axial end thereof pivotally affixed to said base plate, said cylinder including an axially movable piston disposed internally therein, said piston having a rod affixed thereto and extending therefrom through the other axial end of said cylinder, the extended length of said rod from said cylinder being variable by applying hydraulic pressure to move said piston along said axis;
a lever arm having one end thereof pivotally affixed to the extended end of said rod;
a ratchet means affixed to said base plate for turning said wrench head in one rotational direction and turning independently of said wrench head in the other rotational direction, said ratchet means being fixedly connected to the other end of said lever arm through which torque is applied thereto;
a transducer for sensing a signal in proportion to the angular displacement of said wrench head;
hydraulic pressure sensor for deriving a signal in proportion to the force conveyed from said piston to said lever arm through said rod;
circuit means for processing said torque and said angular displacement signals to indicate when a predetermined threshold is reached.
8. The apparatus of claim 7 wherein said angular displacement transducer is a potentiometer disposed at a location along the pivotal axis through said lever arm and said rod.
9. The apparatus of claim 7 wherein said angular displacement transducer is a hydraulic flow sensor for deriving a signal in proportion to the tangent of the angle travelled by said wrench head due to the linear travel of s id rod.
10. A controlled wrench apparatus, comprising:
a power wrench mechanism driven by a pressurized fluid to turn a wrench head for tightening a threaded fastener;
transducer means for sensing a signal in proportion to the torque applied by said wrench head;
transducer means for sensing the flow of said fluid to said wrench mechanism to derive a signal in proportion with the angular displacement of said wrench head;
circuit means for processing said torque and said angular displacement signals to indicate when a predetermined threshold is reached.
11. The apparatus of claim 10 wherein said torque transducer means monitors the pressure applied by said fluid to said wrench mechanism in proportion to the force developed thereby.
12. A controlled wrench apparatus comprising
a power wrench mechanism driven by a pressurized fluid to turn a wrench head for tightening a threaded fastener;
transducer means for sensing a signal in proportion to the angular displacement of said wrench head wherein said transducer means monitors the flow of said fluid to said wrench mechanism in proportion to the movement of the actuating member therein;
transducer means for sensing the pressure applied by said fluid to said wrench mechanism to derive a signal in proportion with the torque applied by said wrench head; and
circuit means for processing said torque and said angular displacement signals to indicate when a predetermined threshold is reached.
13. A controlled wrench apparatus comprising:
a power wrench mechanism driven by a pressurized fluid to turn a wrench head for tightening a threaded fastener;
transducer means for sensing the flow of said fluid to said wrench mechanism to derive a signal in proportion with the angular displacement of said wrench head;
transducer means for sensing the pressure applied by said fluid to said wrench mechanism to derive a signal in proportion with the torque applied by said wrench head; and
circuit means for processing said torque and said angular displacement signals to indicate when a predetermined threshold is reached.
US07292688 1987-06-29 1989-01-03 Torque and angular displacement sensing in controlled wrenches Expired - Fee Related US4941362A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US07067896 US4823616A (en) 1987-06-29 1987-06-29 Torque and angular displacement sensing in yield threshold controlled wrenches
US07292688 US4941362A (en) 1987-06-29 1989-01-03 Torque and angular displacement sensing in controlled wrenches

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US07292688 US4941362A (en) 1987-06-29 1989-01-03 Torque and angular displacement sensing in controlled wrenches

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US07067896 Continuation-In-Part US4823616A (en) 1987-06-29 1987-06-29 Torque and angular displacement sensing in yield threshold controlled wrenches

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US4941362A true US4941362A (en) 1990-07-17

Family

ID=26748383

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US07292688 Expired - Fee Related US4941362A (en) 1987-06-29 1989-01-03 Torque and angular displacement sensing in controlled wrenches

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US4941362A (en)

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5668328A (en) * 1996-07-17 1997-09-16 Applied Power Inc. Method and apparatus for hydraulically tightening threaded fasteners
US6314817B1 (en) * 1998-05-14 2001-11-13 Atlas Copco Tools Ab Method for tightening a threaded fastener above its yield point
US6532845B1 (en) * 2000-05-03 2003-03-18 Unex Corporation Method of and an apparatus for tightening threaded connectors
US20070214921A1 (en) * 2004-02-04 2007-09-20 Fechter Thomas P Hydraulic Torque Wrench System
US20070271762A1 (en) * 2006-05-25 2007-11-29 Actuant Corporation System and method for automatically stressing mono-strand tendons
US20080060481A1 (en) * 2006-09-08 2008-03-13 Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd. Oilfield tubular spin-in and spin-out detection for making-up and breaking-out tubular strings
US20090000397A1 (en) * 2004-04-14 2009-01-01 Paul-Heinz Wagner Method for the Angle-Controlled Turning of a Part
WO2009043798A1 (en) * 2007-09-28 2009-04-09 ESV Werkzeuge und Zubehör für die elektrische Stromverteilung GmbH Mobile hydraulic pump for hydraulically operated tools
US7520128B1 (en) 2008-03-27 2009-04-21 Titan Technologies International, Inc. Method for automatically cycling a torque wrench
US20090205442A1 (en) * 2006-08-24 2009-08-20 Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd. Oilfield tubular torque wrench
US20090211405A1 (en) * 2006-08-24 2009-08-27 Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd. Oilfield tubular torque wrench
US20090217788A1 (en) * 2006-08-25 2009-09-03 Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd. Methods and apparatus for automated oilfield torque wrench set-up to make-up and break-out tubular strings
US20090260485A1 (en) * 2008-04-18 2009-10-22 Jorg Hohmann Method and Device for Controlling a Hydraulically Operated Power Wrench
WO2013036136A3 (en) * 2011-09-09 2013-09-12 National Oilwell Varco Norway As An apparatus for determining at least the torque of a torque device member and a method for operating same
US20140165790A1 (en) * 2011-03-14 2014-06-19 Wagner Vermoegensverwaltungs Gmbh & Co. Kg Method for rotating a rotatable part
CN104827433A (en) * 2012-04-11 2015-08-12 胡妍 Torque force fixing apparatus for pneumatic wrench in electricity industry
US20160297056A1 (en) * 2015-04-07 2016-10-13 General Electric Company Control system and apparatus for power wrench

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2836090A (en) * 1957-02-21 1958-05-27 Frank R Ray Fluid pressure operated torque wrench
US2973676A (en) * 1958-07-31 1961-03-07 Gorman R Nelson Sliding piston-type fluid motor-operated nut running tool
US4294110A (en) * 1979-11-13 1981-10-13 The Stanley Works Torque measuring system for an air tool
US4620450A (en) * 1984-08-07 1986-11-04 Mazda Motor Corporation Method of evaluating tightening condition of screw

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2836090A (en) * 1957-02-21 1958-05-27 Frank R Ray Fluid pressure operated torque wrench
US2973676A (en) * 1958-07-31 1961-03-07 Gorman R Nelson Sliding piston-type fluid motor-operated nut running tool
US4294110A (en) * 1979-11-13 1981-10-13 The Stanley Works Torque measuring system for an air tool
US4620450A (en) * 1984-08-07 1986-11-04 Mazda Motor Corporation Method of evaluating tightening condition of screw

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5792967A (en) * 1996-07-17 1998-08-11 Applied Power Inc. Pumping unit with speed transducer
US5668328A (en) * 1996-07-17 1997-09-16 Applied Power Inc. Method and apparatus for hydraulically tightening threaded fasteners
US6314817B1 (en) * 1998-05-14 2001-11-13 Atlas Copco Tools Ab Method for tightening a threaded fastener above its yield point
US6532845B1 (en) * 2000-05-03 2003-03-18 Unex Corporation Method of and an apparatus for tightening threaded connectors
US20070214921A1 (en) * 2004-02-04 2007-09-20 Fechter Thomas P Hydraulic Torque Wrench System
US20090000397A1 (en) * 2004-04-14 2009-01-01 Paul-Heinz Wagner Method for the Angle-Controlled Turning of a Part
US7743673B2 (en) * 2004-04-14 2010-06-29 Wagner Vermögensverwaltungs-GmbH & Co. KG Method for the angle-controlled turning of a part
US20070271762A1 (en) * 2006-05-25 2007-11-29 Actuant Corporation System and method for automatically stressing mono-strand tendons
US8042432B2 (en) 2006-08-24 2011-10-25 Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd. Oilfield tubular torque wrench
US7958787B2 (en) 2006-08-24 2011-06-14 Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd. Oilfield tubular torque wrench
US20090205442A1 (en) * 2006-08-24 2009-08-20 Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd. Oilfield tubular torque wrench
US20090211405A1 (en) * 2006-08-24 2009-08-27 Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd. Oilfield tubular torque wrench
US20090217788A1 (en) * 2006-08-25 2009-09-03 Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd. Methods and apparatus for automated oilfield torque wrench set-up to make-up and break-out tubular strings
US9097070B2 (en) 2006-08-25 2015-08-04 Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd. Apparatus for automated oilfield torque wrench set-up to make-up and break-out tubular strings
US9404324B2 (en) 2006-09-08 2016-08-02 Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd. Oilfield tubular spin-in and spin-out detection for making-up and breaking-out tubular strings
US20080060481A1 (en) * 2006-09-08 2008-03-13 Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd. Oilfield tubular spin-in and spin-out detection for making-up and breaking-out tubular strings
US8074537B2 (en) * 2006-09-08 2011-12-13 Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd. Oilfield tubular spin-in and spin-out detection for making-up and breaking-out tubular strings
US8490520B2 (en) 2006-09-08 2013-07-23 Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd. Oilfield tubular spin-in and spin-out detection for making-up and breaking-out tubular strings
WO2009043798A1 (en) * 2007-09-28 2009-04-09 ESV Werkzeuge und Zubehör für die elektrische Stromverteilung GmbH Mobile hydraulic pump for hydraulically operated tools
US7520128B1 (en) 2008-03-27 2009-04-21 Titan Technologies International, Inc. Method for automatically cycling a torque wrench
US20090260485A1 (en) * 2008-04-18 2009-10-22 Jorg Hohmann Method and Device for Controlling a Hydraulically Operated Power Wrench
US8056426B2 (en) * 2008-04-18 2011-11-15 Hohmann Joerg Method and device for controlling a hydraulically operated power wrench
US20140165790A1 (en) * 2011-03-14 2014-06-19 Wagner Vermoegensverwaltungs Gmbh & Co. Kg Method for rotating a rotatable part
US9505106B2 (en) * 2011-03-14 2016-11-29 Wagner Vermögensverwaltungs Gmbh & Co. Kg Method for rotating a rotatable part
WO2013036136A3 (en) * 2011-09-09 2013-09-12 National Oilwell Varco Norway As An apparatus for determining at least the torque of a torque device member and a method for operating same
CN104827433A (en) * 2012-04-11 2015-08-12 胡妍 Torque force fixing apparatus for pneumatic wrench in electricity industry
US20160297056A1 (en) * 2015-04-07 2016-10-13 General Electric Company Control system and apparatus for power wrench
US9839998B2 (en) * 2015-04-07 2017-12-12 General Electric Company Control system and apparatus for power wrench

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3982419A (en) Apparatus for and method of determining rotational and linear stiffness
US6334376B1 (en) Mechanical torque amplifier
US4662608A (en) Automatic drilling control system
US6523806B2 (en) Winch mount
US4938109A (en) Torque hold system and method
US4787867A (en) Trim tab actuator for marine propulsion device
US5235927A (en) Autopilot system
US4712284A (en) Power tongs with hydraulic friction grip for speciality tubing
US4333220A (en) Method and apparatus for tightening an assembly including a pre-load indicating fastener
US4717003A (en) Breakaway clutch for robot end-of-arm tooling
US3974883A (en) Tightening system
US4373402A (en) Method and apparatus for measuring cable tension in a parking brake assembly
US4008773A (en) Tightening system
US3965778A (en) Multi-stage tightening system
US5668328A (en) Method and apparatus for hydraulically tightening threaded fasteners
US6772653B1 (en) Linear actuator
US4106176A (en) Method and apparatus for fastener tensioning
US4131050A (en) Visual load indicator
US4027561A (en) Hydraulic wrench
US4791838A (en) Apparatus and method for determining torque, presenting digital torque readout and automatic cycling and termination of wrench operation in a torque wrench system
US4754670A (en) Adjustable extension torque bar
US4864903A (en) Apparatus and method of determining torque, presenting digital torque readout and automatic cycling and termination of wrench operation
US3974685A (en) Tightening system and method
US4987806A (en) Electronic control circuitry for a nutrunner
US3710874A (en) Electronic torque measurement system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: SPS TECHNOLOGIES, INC., A CORP. OF PA, PENNSYLVANI

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:TAMBINI, ANGELO;REEL/FRAME:005069/0893

Effective date: 19890206

REMI Maintenance fee reminder mailed
SULP Surcharge for late payment
FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4

REMI Maintenance fee reminder mailed
LAPS Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
FP Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee

Effective date: 20020717