US486501A - Check-valve - Google Patents

Check-valve Download PDF

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US486501A
US486501A US486501DA US486501A US 486501 A US486501 A US 486501A US 486501D A US486501D A US 486501DA US 486501 A US486501 A US 486501A
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valve
check
air
seat
piece
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K15/00Check valves
    • F16K15/02Check valves with guided rigid valve members
    • F16K15/025Check valves with guided rigid valve members the valve being loaded by a helicoidal spring
    • F16K15/026Check valves with guided rigid valve members the valve being loaded by a helicoidal spring the valve member being a movable body around which the medium flows when the valve is open
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7837Direct response valves [i.e., check valve type]
    • Y10T137/7854In couplings for coaxial conduits, e.g., drill pipe check valves
    • Y10T137/7856Valve seat formed on or carried by a coupling element

Description

(No Model.)

F. A. PHILLIPPI.

CHECK VALVE.

No. 486,501. Patented Nov. 22, 1892.

FIG I."

ATTORNEY.

THE scams versus 00.. Puo'raLrruu, WAsHmu'rcn. a. c.,

ff Q UNITED: STATES PATENT OFFI CE.

FRANK A. PHILLIPPI, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.

CH EC K-VALVE.

SPECIFICATION rorming part of Letters Patent No. 486,501, dated November 22, 1892.

Application filed December 31, 1891. $erial No. 416,670- (No model.)

To aZZ whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, FRANK A. PHILLIPPI, a citizen of the United States, residing at Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Check-Valves, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a sectional elevation of thisimproved check-valve; Fig. 2, an elevation of the same, and Fig. 3 a top view. The other views represent in detail the different pieces of which the valve is composed, all of which will be hereinafter more fully described.

This improved form of check-valve has been devised to meet the particular requirements demanded in the furnishing of air to the carbureters used in lighting railroad-cars, the supply of air being taken under pressure from the air-receiving tanks as applied to the air-brake system.

It has been found in practice that a checkvalve of ordinary construction is not sensitive enough, nor will those in common use close tight enough when the air-brakes are applied to prevent the carbureters being robbed of the air within them, and which is necessary to the maintaining of a proper light in the cars. Whenever the brakes are applied, there is a strong tendency for the air to rush toward the brake-cylinders from all sources where it may be stored. Each carbureter 0n the cars is directly connected with the gen eral air-pipe system and comes in for a share of the sudden demand. for air. Check-valves are placed between the carbureters and the main air-pipe line, to close when any attempt is made to withdraw the air from the carbureters. Now if these check-valves leak, as is invariably the case with those of ordinary construction, a perceptible dimming of the light within the cars will ensue, if not a total extinguishnient. This valve is intended particularly to apply to this situation, and practical working shows it to be quite reliable and fitted to the service.

As will be seen by an inspection of the drawings and the different views there shown, there is nothing to distinguish this valve in external appearance from what is known as a union -coupling. All the elements are therethe loose piece A, the male piece B, and

the coupling-nut C. The elastic washer D is also there; but instead of having the usual large hole in the center, aitording a vent equal to the internal diameter of the connectingpipes, only a relatively-small taperhole pierces the center of this washer. Certain other features have been introduced, turning the union into a check-valve of the most sensitive form, which will now be described. The loose piece A has a closed bottom through which are drilled any required number of small holes E E, and the end is pointed, as shown by F. The elastic washer or diaphragm D rests on the upper end of the male piece B, and adistance-ring G, of vulcanite orsimilar material, is placed between it and the loose piece A, so that the diaphragm D shall not close the small holes E E. Under the diaphragm D, which may be of rubber or its equivalent, there is a short tube H, having a collar I on its upper end; The lower end is turned to a a smaller diameter J to work through a guide K, formed in the core of the male piece B, as shown. Between the guide K and the collar I of thecentral sliding tube H a small spiral spring L is interposed to force the tube upward and close the elastic-diaphragm valve D against the stationary valve-seat E.

The operation of the check is as follows: The fluid under pressure enters at A, passes through the openings E E, overcoming the resistance of the spiral spring L, and forces the diaphragm D from the valve-seat F, opening a passage through the central tube H for the fluid to pass on its way to the carbureter, receiving-tank, or other storage-receptacle. It will be noticed a limit is put to the opening movement of the diaphragm D by the shoulder M of the central tube coming in contact with the guide K, which gages the area of the opening to the central tube H and also relieves the diaphragm D from undue strain. When the pressure is relieved from A, the reaction of the spring L promptly forces the elastic diaphragm D into close contact with the valve-seat F, assisted by the back-pressure of the fluid under compression on the B side of the valve. While this sensitive form of check-valve has been devised for the special purpose herein mentioned, it will be found to be equally valuable and serviceable in any location or for any purpose where light pressures are carried and where unusual tightness of closing and proof against leakage are desirable. Instead of nut O a pair of flanges may be used, held together by bolts, without interfering with my invention, which is the part embraced between the loose piece A and the piece B, the mannerof coupling together being a matter of convenience.

\Vhat I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. In a check-valve, the loose piece A, having the openings E and the stationary valveseat F, projecting from the loose piece A, combined with the male piece B, the yielding valve D, clamped between the adjacentends of the pieces A and B, the central tube II, supported to engage the valve, and a spring to force the tube H and seat D toward the valve-seat F, substantially as described.

2. In a check-valve, a stationary valve-seat F, combined with a yielding valve D, a central tube I-I, supported to engage the valve D, and a spring arranged to force the valve D into engagement with the seat F, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

3. In a check-valve, the loose piece A, hav ing the openings E, the male piece B, having the interior guide K, and suitable devices to couple the two pieces together, combined with the stationary valve-seat F, projecting from the loose piece A into the piece B, the flexible valve D, clamped between the adjacent ends of the pieces A and B, the central tube II, supported in the guide K and engaging the valve D,and a spring interposed between the guide K and the valve D to force the latter into engagementwith the valve-seat F, substantially as described.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto atfixed my signature, in the presence of two witnesses, on this 20th day of June, A. D. 1891.

FRANK A. PIIILLIPPI. Witnesses:

GEO. W. REED, CHAS. C. COLLIER.

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2508403A (en) * 1943-12-11 1950-05-23 Ind Man Corp Compound master cylinder
US2547377A (en) * 1944-12-19 1951-04-03 Juhasz Kalman John De Check valve device
US2624362A (en) * 1949-03-12 1953-01-06 Walter L Church Flow valve for fluid lift pumps
US2657704A (en) * 1947-12-29 1953-11-03 Arthur J Fausek Valve
US2736465A (en) * 1950-07-18 1956-02-28 Dole Valve Co Beverage dispenser

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2508403A (en) * 1943-12-11 1950-05-23 Ind Man Corp Compound master cylinder
US2547377A (en) * 1944-12-19 1951-04-03 Juhasz Kalman John De Check valve device
US2657704A (en) * 1947-12-29 1953-11-03 Arthur J Fausek Valve
US2624362A (en) * 1949-03-12 1953-01-06 Walter L Church Flow valve for fluid lift pumps
US2736465A (en) * 1950-07-18 1956-02-28 Dole Valve Co Beverage dispenser

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