US483285A - auilleaume - Google Patents

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Publication number
US483285A
US483285A US483285DA US483285A US 483285 A US483285 A US 483285A US 483285D A US483285D A US 483285DA US 483285 A US483285 A US 483285A
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strip
conductors
grooves
non
conducting material
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B11/00Communication cables or conductors
    • H01B11/002Pair constructions

Description

(No Model.) 7 2 sheets-sheet 1.

' T. GUILLEAUME.

ELECTRIC CABLE.

No. 483,285; Patented Sept. 27, 1892.

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

T. GUILLEAUME.

ELECTRIC CABLE Patented Sept; 27, 1892.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

THEODORE GUILLEAUME, OF COLOGNE, GERMANY.

ELECTRIC CABLE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 483,285, dated September 27, 1892.

Application filed May 6, 1892.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, THEODORE GUILLEAUME, a subject of the German Emperor, residing at Cologne, in the German Empire, have invented new and useful Improvements in Electric Cables, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to electric cables or conductors, particularly such as are intended for use in telephonic transmission, where reduction of capacity to the utmost degree is highly advantageous, the objects of the present improvements being to reduce the capaoity by means of comparatively large airspaces, to simplify the construction, and to obtain compactness.

In the accompanying drawings, which serve to illustrate my invention, Figure I is a transverse section of a strand at an initial stage of manufacture and comprising two conductors separated by a strip of non-conducting material. Fig. 2 represents the same parts after having been twisted together. Fig. 3 is a 1ongitudinal elevation corresponding with Fig. 2. Figs. 4 and 5 show modifications. Fig. 6 is a transverse section of acable com prising seven strands, such as illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3.

According to the preferred mode of carrying out this invention two conductors a. and a are separated bya strip?) of uon-conductin g material, which may be paper of the required thickness. The strip of non-conducting material, with the two conductors disposed one on each side thereof, as shown in Fig. 1, are then twisted together, as represented in Figs. 2 and 3, the two conductors a and a being thereby insulated from one another and protected from contact with any other body, ow-

' ing to the manner in which the edges of the strip 1) of non-conducting material project. The twisting of the flat strip about its own axis causes two spiral grooves to be formed by the strip, one on each side thereof, the conductors lying in these grooves. The greater part of the insulation of the conductors consequently consists of the air contained in the grooves. The strand, group, or core thus produced may be further protected by a layer or layers of insulating materialfor instance, by a strip of paper wound round the twisted strip. It may also be provided with a metallic or other protective covering.

Serial No. 431.927. (No model.)

Several strands, groups, or cores, such as above described, may be united to form a cable in the usual way, as represented in Fig. 6. The twist of the several strands when laid up to form a cable may be right hand and left hand alternately.

The twisted insulating-strip b may be furnished on one or both edges with aprojecting part b, Fig. 4, which during or after the twisting operation may be laid over the grooves or air-spaces for the purpose of closing them.

Instead of a flat strip of insulating material, with a conductor on each side, a strip b ,Fig. 5, cross-shaped in transverse section, having a conductor a, a, GP, or a in each of its grooves, may be employed. One or more or each of the edges of this strip may have a projecting part, such as Z), for covering the grooves.

WVhat I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. An electric cable or strand for the same, consisting of one or more pairs of naked condoctors, the conductors constituting each pair being separated by a strip of non-conducting material, the conductors and the intervening non-conducting material being twisted together, substantially as herein described.

2. In an electric cable,a strip of non-conducting material twisted about its own axis to form spiral grooves or air-channels in which conductors may lie, substantially as herein described.

3. In an electric cable, a strip of non-conducting material twisted about its own axis to form spiral grooves or air-channels and provided with a radially projecting part, which can be laid over the said grooves or channels for the purpose of closing them, substantially as herein described.

4. In an electric cable, the combination, with the conductors a and a, of the non-conducting strip 1), substantially as and for the purposes herein set forth.

THEODORE GUILLEAUME.

Vitnesses:

EVA HAUSEN,

H. A. MAXWELL.

US483285A auilleaume Expired - Lifetime US483285A (en)

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Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2804494A (en) * 1953-04-08 1957-08-27 Charles F Fenton High frequency transmission cable
DE2449439A1 (en) * 1974-10-15 1976-04-29 Siemens Ag Communication cables with optical uebertragungselementen
US4893826A (en) * 1987-05-06 1990-01-16 Canhart Industries, Inc. Mobility support device
US5301968A (en) * 1986-07-18 1994-04-12 Guardian Products, Inc. Mobility support device
US5574250A (en) * 1995-02-03 1996-11-12 W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Multiple differential pair cable
US5789711A (en) * 1996-04-09 1998-08-04 Belden Wire & Cable Company High-performance data cable
US5952615A (en) * 1995-09-15 1999-09-14 Filotex Multiple pair cable with individually shielded pairs that is easy to connect
US5969295A (en) * 1998-01-09 1999-10-19 Commscope, Inc. Of North Carolina Twisted pair communications cable
US6074503A (en) * 1997-04-22 2000-06-13 Cable Design Technologies, Inc. Making enhanced data cable with cross-twist cabled core profile
US6099345A (en) * 1999-04-23 2000-08-08 Hubbell Incorporated Wire spacers for connecting cables to connectors
US6150612A (en) * 1998-04-17 2000-11-21 Prestolite Wire Corporation High performance data cable
US6222130B1 (en) 1996-04-09 2001-04-24 Belden Wire & Cable Company High performance data cable
US6378283B1 (en) 2000-05-25 2002-04-30 Helix/Hitemp Cables, Inc. Multiple conductor electrical cable with minimized crosstalk
US20030132021A1 (en) * 1999-12-02 2003-07-17 Gareis Galen M. Cable separator spline
US20030217863A1 (en) * 1999-02-25 2003-11-27 Cable Design Technologies, Inc. Multi-pair data cable with configurable core filling and pair separation
US20040035603A1 (en) * 1999-02-25 2004-02-26 William Clark Multi-pair data cable with configurable core filling and pair separation
US20040149484A1 (en) * 2003-02-05 2004-08-05 William Clark Multi-pair communication cable using different twist lay lengths and pair proximity control
US6787697B2 (en) 2000-01-19 2004-09-07 Belden Wire & Cable Company Cable channel filler with imbedded shield and cable containing the same
US6800811B1 (en) 2000-06-09 2004-10-05 Commscope Properties, Llc Communications cables with isolators
US20050023028A1 (en) * 2003-06-11 2005-02-03 Clark William T. Cable including non-flammable micro-particles
US20050056454A1 (en) * 2003-07-28 2005-03-17 Clark William T. Skew adjusted data cable
US20050092515A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-05-05 Robert Kenny Cable with offset filler
US7064277B1 (en) 2004-12-16 2006-06-20 General Cable Technology Corporation Reduced alien crosstalk electrical cable
US20060169478A1 (en) * 2005-01-28 2006-08-03 Cable Design Technologies, Inc. Data cable for mechanically dynamic environments
US7109424B2 (en) 2003-07-11 2006-09-19 Panduit Corp. Alien crosstalk suppression with enhanced patch cord
US7115815B2 (en) 2003-10-31 2006-10-03 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Cable utilizing varying lay length mechanisms to minimize alien crosstalk
US20060274581A1 (en) * 2005-06-03 2006-12-07 Marco Redaelli Reference scheme for a non-volatile semiconductor memory device
US7157644B2 (en) 2004-12-16 2007-01-02 General Cable Technology Corporation Reduced alien crosstalk electrical cable with filler element
US7238885B2 (en) 2004-12-16 2007-07-03 Panduit Corp. Reduced alien crosstalk electrical cable with filler element
US20070295526A1 (en) * 2006-06-21 2007-12-27 Spring Stutzman Multi-pair cable with varying lay length
US7317163B2 (en) 2004-12-16 2008-01-08 General Cable Technology Corp. Reduced alien crosstalk electrical cable with filler element
WO2008100714A1 (en) * 2007-02-09 2008-08-21 Belden Technologies Inc. Data cable with cross-twist cabled core profile
US20090120664A1 (en) * 1997-04-22 2009-05-14 Belden Technologies, Inc. Data cable with cross-twist cabled core profile
US20090173514A1 (en) * 2007-11-19 2009-07-09 Gareis Galen M Separator Spline and Cables Using Same
US20100200269A1 (en) * 2009-02-11 2010-08-12 General Cable Technologies Corporation Separator for communication cable with shaped ends
US20100218973A1 (en) * 2009-01-30 2010-09-02 Camp Ii David P Separator for communication cable with geometric features
US20100263907A1 (en) * 2006-03-06 2010-10-21 Belden Technologies, Inc. Web for separating conductors in a communication cable
US20110005806A1 (en) * 2004-11-17 2011-01-13 Belden Cdt (Canada) Inc. High performance telecommunications cable
US20170221606A1 (en) * 2016-02-01 2017-08-03 Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation Electric wire protecting device

Cited By (88)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2804494A (en) * 1953-04-08 1957-08-27 Charles F Fenton High frequency transmission cable
DE2449439A1 (en) * 1974-10-15 1976-04-29 Siemens Ag Communication cables with optical uebertragungselementen
US5301968A (en) * 1986-07-18 1994-04-12 Guardian Products, Inc. Mobility support device
US4893826A (en) * 1987-05-06 1990-01-16 Canhart Industries, Inc. Mobility support device
US5574250A (en) * 1995-02-03 1996-11-12 W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Multiple differential pair cable
US5952615A (en) * 1995-09-15 1999-09-14 Filotex Multiple pair cable with individually shielded pairs that is easy to connect
US6566605B1 (en) 1995-09-15 2003-05-20 Nexans Multiple pair cable with individually shielded pairs that is easy to connect
US7339116B2 (en) 1996-04-09 2008-03-04 Belden Technology, Inc. High performance data cable
US7663061B2 (en) 1996-04-09 2010-02-16 Belden Technologies, Inc. High performance data cable
US6222130B1 (en) 1996-04-09 2001-04-24 Belden Wire & Cable Company High performance data cable
US20080041609A1 (en) * 1996-04-09 2008-02-21 Gareis Galen M High performance data cable
US5789711A (en) * 1996-04-09 1998-08-04 Belden Wire & Cable Company High-performance data cable
US20010001426A1 (en) * 1996-04-09 2001-05-24 Gareis Galen Mark High performance data cable
US20100147550A1 (en) * 1997-04-22 2010-06-17 Belden Technologies, Inc. Data cable with striated jacket
US7534964B2 (en) 1997-04-22 2009-05-19 Belden Technologies, Inc. Data cable with cross-twist cabled core profile
US20090120664A1 (en) * 1997-04-22 2009-05-14 Belden Technologies, Inc. Data cable with cross-twist cabled core profile
US6074503A (en) * 1997-04-22 2000-06-13 Cable Design Technologies, Inc. Making enhanced data cable with cross-twist cabled core profile
US7696438B2 (en) 1997-04-22 2010-04-13 Belden Technologies, Inc. Data cable with cross-twist cabled core profile
US20110155419A1 (en) * 1997-04-22 2011-06-30 Cable Design Technologies Inc. dba Mohawk/CDT Enhanced Data cable with cross-twist cabled core profile
US7964797B2 (en) 1997-04-22 2011-06-21 Belden Inc. Data cable with striated jacket
US8729394B2 (en) 1997-04-22 2014-05-20 Belden Inc. Enhanced data cable with cross-twist cabled core profile
US5969295A (en) * 1998-01-09 1999-10-19 Commscope, Inc. Of North Carolina Twisted pair communications cable
US6150612A (en) * 1998-04-17 2000-11-21 Prestolite Wire Corporation High performance data cable
US6998537B2 (en) 1999-02-25 2006-02-14 Belden Cdt Networking, Inc. Multi-pair data cable with configurable core filling and pair separation
US7179999B2 (en) 1999-02-25 2007-02-20 Belden Technologies, Inc. Multi-pair data cable with configurable core filling and pair separation
US20030217863A1 (en) * 1999-02-25 2003-11-27 Cable Design Technologies, Inc. Multi-pair data cable with configurable core filling and pair separation
US6812408B2 (en) 1999-02-25 2004-11-02 Cable Design Technologies, Inc. Multi-pair data cable with configurable core filling and pair separation
US20040035603A1 (en) * 1999-02-25 2004-02-26 William Clark Multi-pair data cable with configurable core filling and pair separation
US6250951B1 (en) 1999-04-23 2001-06-26 Hubbell Incorporated Wire spacers for connecting cables to connectors
US6099345A (en) * 1999-04-23 2000-08-08 Hubbell Incorporated Wire spacers for connecting cables to connectors
US20030132021A1 (en) * 1999-12-02 2003-07-17 Gareis Galen M. Cable separator spline
US6855889B2 (en) 1999-12-02 2005-02-15 Belden Wire & Cable Company Cable separator spline
US6787697B2 (en) 2000-01-19 2004-09-07 Belden Wire & Cable Company Cable channel filler with imbedded shield and cable containing the same
US6378283B1 (en) 2000-05-25 2002-04-30 Helix/Hitemp Cables, Inc. Multiple conductor electrical cable with minimized crosstalk
US6800811B1 (en) 2000-06-09 2004-10-05 Commscope Properties, Llc Communications cables with isolators
US7015397B2 (en) 2003-02-05 2006-03-21 Belden Cdt Networking, Inc. Multi-pair communication cable using different twist lay lengths and pair proximity control
US20040149484A1 (en) * 2003-02-05 2004-08-05 William Clark Multi-pair communication cable using different twist lay lengths and pair proximity control
US20060124343A1 (en) * 2003-02-05 2006-06-15 Belden Cdt Networking, Inc. Multi-pair communication cable using different twist lay lengths and pair proximity control
US7244893B2 (en) 2003-06-11 2007-07-17 Belden Technologies, Inc. Cable including non-flammable micro-particles
US20050023028A1 (en) * 2003-06-11 2005-02-03 Clark William T. Cable including non-flammable micro-particles
US7728228B2 (en) 2003-07-11 2010-06-01 Panduit Corp. Alien crosstalk suppression with enhanced patchcord
US9601239B2 (en) 2003-07-11 2017-03-21 Panduit Corp. Alien crosstalk suppression with enhanced patch cord
US7109424B2 (en) 2003-07-11 2006-09-19 Panduit Corp. Alien crosstalk suppression with enhanced patch cord
US20050056454A1 (en) * 2003-07-28 2005-03-17 Clark William T. Skew adjusted data cable
US7271343B2 (en) 2003-07-28 2007-09-18 Belden Technologies, Inc. Skew adjusted data cable
US7030321B2 (en) 2003-07-28 2006-04-18 Belden Cdt Networking, Inc. Skew adjusted data cable
US20060124342A1 (en) * 2003-07-28 2006-06-15 Clark William T Skew adjusted data cable
US20090266577A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2009-10-29 Adc Incorporated Cable with offset filler
US7220919B2 (en) 2003-10-31 2007-05-22 Adc Incorporated Cable with offset filler
US7220918B2 (en) 2003-10-31 2007-05-22 Adc Incorporated Cable with offset filler
US20050092515A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-05-05 Robert Kenny Cable with offset filler
US20050205289A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-09-22 Adc Incorporated Cable with offset filler
US7875800B2 (en) 2003-10-31 2011-01-25 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Cable with offset filler
US7329815B2 (en) 2003-10-31 2008-02-12 Adc Incorporated Cable with offset filler
US7214884B2 (en) 2003-10-31 2007-05-08 Adc Incorporated Cable with offset filler
US20070102189A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2007-05-10 Robert Kenny Cable with offset filler
US9142335B2 (en) 2003-10-31 2015-09-22 Tyco Electronics Services Gmbh Cable with offset filler
US20050167151A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-08-04 Adc Incorporated Cable with offset filler
US20050247479A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-11-10 Adc Incorporated Cable with offset filler
US7498518B2 (en) 2003-10-31 2009-03-03 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Cable with offset filler
US8375694B2 (en) 2003-10-31 2013-02-19 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Cable with offset filler
US7115815B2 (en) 2003-10-31 2006-10-03 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Cable utilizing varying lay length mechanisms to minimize alien crosstalk
US8455762B2 (en) 2004-11-17 2013-06-04 Belden Cdt (Canada) Inc. High performance telecommunications cable
US20110005806A1 (en) * 2004-11-17 2011-01-13 Belden Cdt (Canada) Inc. High performance telecommunications cable
US7612289B2 (en) 2004-12-16 2009-11-03 General Cable Technology Corporation Reduced alien crosstalk electrical cable with filler element
US7157644B2 (en) 2004-12-16 2007-01-02 General Cable Technology Corporation Reduced alien crosstalk electrical cable with filler element
US7317163B2 (en) 2004-12-16 2008-01-08 General Cable Technology Corp. Reduced alien crosstalk electrical cable with filler element
US7317164B2 (en) 2004-12-16 2008-01-08 General Cable Technology Corp. Reduced alien crosstalk electrical cable with filler element
US7064277B1 (en) 2004-12-16 2006-06-20 General Cable Technology Corporation Reduced alien crosstalk electrical cable
US7238885B2 (en) 2004-12-16 2007-07-03 Panduit Corp. Reduced alien crosstalk electrical cable with filler element
US7208683B2 (en) 2005-01-28 2007-04-24 Belden Technologies, Inc. Data cable for mechanically dynamic environments
US20060169478A1 (en) * 2005-01-28 2006-08-03 Cable Design Technologies, Inc. Data cable for mechanically dynamic environments
US20060274581A1 (en) * 2005-06-03 2006-12-07 Marco Redaelli Reference scheme for a non-volatile semiconductor memory device
US8030571B2 (en) 2006-03-06 2011-10-04 Belden Inc. Web for separating conductors in a communication cable
US20100263907A1 (en) * 2006-03-06 2010-10-21 Belden Technologies, Inc. Web for separating conductors in a communication cable
US7375284B2 (en) 2006-06-21 2008-05-20 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Multi-pair cable with varying lay length
US20070295526A1 (en) * 2006-06-21 2007-12-27 Spring Stutzman Multi-pair cable with varying lay length
US7550676B2 (en) 2006-06-21 2009-06-23 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Multi-pair cable with varying lay length
US20080283274A1 (en) * 2006-06-21 2008-11-20 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Multi-pair cable with varying lay length
WO2008100714A1 (en) * 2007-02-09 2008-08-21 Belden Technologies Inc. Data cable with cross-twist cabled core profile
US20090173514A1 (en) * 2007-11-19 2009-07-09 Gareis Galen M Separator Spline and Cables Using Same
US7897875B2 (en) 2007-11-19 2011-03-01 Belden Inc. Separator spline and cables using same
US20100218973A1 (en) * 2009-01-30 2010-09-02 Camp Ii David P Separator for communication cable with geometric features
US8319104B2 (en) 2009-02-11 2012-11-27 General Cable Technologies Corporation Separator for communication cable with shaped ends
US9018530B2 (en) 2009-02-11 2015-04-28 General Cable Technologies Corporation Separator for communication cable with shaped ends
US20100200269A1 (en) * 2009-02-11 2010-08-12 General Cable Technologies Corporation Separator for communication cable with shaped ends
US9953748B2 (en) * 2016-02-01 2018-04-24 Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation Electric wire protecting device
US20170221606A1 (en) * 2016-02-01 2017-08-03 Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation Electric wire protecting device

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