US4786346A - Method for applying contoured elastic to a substrate - Google Patents

Method for applying contoured elastic to a substrate Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US4786346A
US4786346A US07/111,968 US11196887A US4786346A US 4786346 A US4786346 A US 4786346A US 11196887 A US11196887 A US 11196887A US 4786346 A US4786346 A US 4786346A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
elastic
supports
method
web
substrate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US07/111,968
Inventor
Thomas M. Ales
Jeffrey J. Samida
Donald F. Arthur
Ronald H. Wideman
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Kimberly Clark Worldwide Inc
Original Assignee
Kimberly Clark Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US06/791,885 priority Critical patent/US4726873A/en
Application filed by Kimberly Clark Corp filed Critical Kimberly Clark Corp
Priority to US07/111,968 priority patent/US4786346A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US4786346A publication Critical patent/US4786346A/en
Assigned to KIMBERLY-CLARK WORLDWIDE, INC. reassignment KIMBERLY-CLARK WORLDWIDE, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: KIMBERLY-CLARK CORPORATION
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C69/00Combinations of shaping techniques not provided for in a single one of main groups B29C39/00 - B29C67/00, e.g. associations of moulding and joining techniques; Apparatus therefore
    • B29C69/005Combinations of shaping techniques not provided for in a single one of main groups B29C39/00 - B29C67/00, e.g. associations of moulding and joining techniques; Apparatus therefore cutting-off or cutting-out a part of a strip-like or sheet-like material, transferring that part and fixing it to an article
    • B29C69/006Combinations of shaping techniques not provided for in a single one of main groups B29C39/00 - B29C67/00, e.g. associations of moulding and joining techniques; Apparatus therefore cutting-off or cutting-out a part of a strip-like or sheet-like material, transferring that part and fixing it to an article rotating transfer means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42CMANUFACTURING OR TRIMMING HATS OR OTHER HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42C1/00Manufacturing hats
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/15577Apparatus or processes for manufacturing
    • A61F13/15585Apparatus or processes for manufacturing of babies' napkins, e.g. diapers
    • A61F13/15593Apparatus or processes for manufacturing of babies' napkins, e.g. diapers having elastic ribbons fixed thereto; Devices for applying the ribbons
    • A61F13/15609Apparatus or processes for manufacturing of babies' napkins, e.g. diapers having elastic ribbons fixed thereto; Devices for applying the ribbons the ribbons being applied in an irregular path
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C65/00Joining or sealing of preformed parts, e.g. welding of plastics materials; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C65/78Means for handling the parts to be joined, e.g. for making containers or hollow articles, e.g. means for handling sheets, plates, web-like materials, tubular articles, hollow articles or elements to be joined therewith; Means for discharging the joined articles from the joining apparatus
    • B29C65/7841Holding or clamping means for handling purposes
    • B29C65/7847Holding or clamping means for handling purposes using vacuum to hold at least one of the parts to be joined
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/01General aspects dealing with the joint area or with the area to be joined
    • B29C66/05Particular design of joint configurations
    • B29C66/10Particular design of joint configurations particular design of the joint cross-sections
    • B29C66/11Joint cross-sections comprising a single joint-segment, i.e. one of the parts to be joined comprising a single joint-segment in the joint cross-section
    • B29C66/112Single lapped joints
    • B29C66/1122Single lap to lap joints, i.e. overlap joints
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/40General aspects of joining substantially flat articles, e.g. plates, sheets or web-like materials; Making flat seams in tubular or hollow articles; Joining single elements to substantially flat surfaces
    • B29C66/47Joining single elements to sheets, plates or other substantially flat surfaces
    • B29C66/474Joining single elements to sheets, plates or other substantially flat surfaces said single elements being substantially non-flat
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/80General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof
    • B29C66/81General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps
    • B29C66/814General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps
    • B29C66/8145General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the constructional aspects of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps
    • B29C66/81457General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the design of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the constructional aspects of the pressing elements, e.g. of the welding jaws or clamps comprising a block or layer of deformable material, e.g. sponge, foam, rubber
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/004Preventing sticking together, e.g. of some areas of the parts to be joined
    • B29C66/0042Preventing sticking together, e.g. of some areas of the parts to be joined of the joining tool and the parts to be joined
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/004Preventing sticking together, e.g. of some areas of the parts to be joined
    • B29C66/0046Preventing sticking together, e.g. of some areas of the parts to be joined by the use of a lubricant, e.g. fluid, powder
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/004Preventing sticking together, e.g. of some areas of the parts to be joined
    • B29C66/0046Preventing sticking together, e.g. of some areas of the parts to be joined by the use of a lubricant, e.g. fluid, powder
    • B29C66/00461Preventing sticking together, e.g. of some areas of the parts to be joined by the use of a lubricant, e.g. fluid, powder being liquid, e.g. oil based
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/40General aspects of joining substantially flat articles, e.g. plates, sheets or web-like materials; Making flat seams in tubular or hollow articles; Joining single elements to substantially flat surfaces
    • B29C66/47Joining single elements to sheets, plates or other substantially flat surfaces
    • B29C66/472Joining single elements to sheets, plates or other substantially flat surfaces said single elements being substantially flat
    • B29C66/4722Fixing strips to surfaces other than edge faces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/70General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts characterised by the composition, physical properties or the structure of the material of the parts to be joined; Joining with non-plastics material
    • B29C66/71General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts characterised by the composition, physical properties or the structure of the material of the parts to be joined; Joining with non-plastics material characterised by the composition of the plastics material of the parts to be joined
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/70General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts characterised by the composition, physical properties or the structure of the material of the parts to be joined; Joining with non-plastics material
    • B29C66/71General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts characterised by the composition, physical properties or the structure of the material of the parts to be joined; Joining with non-plastics material characterised by the composition of the plastics material of the parts to be joined
    • B29C66/712General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts characterised by the composition, physical properties or the structure of the material of the parts to be joined; Joining with non-plastics material characterised by the composition of the plastics material of the parts to be joined the composition of one of the parts to be joined being different from the composition of the other part
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/80General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof
    • B29C66/81General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps
    • B29C66/812General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the composition, by the structure, by the intensive physical properties or by the optical properties of the material constituting the pressing elements, e.g. constituting the welding jaws or clamps
    • B29C66/8122General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the composition, by the structure, by the intensive physical properties or by the optical properties of the material constituting the pressing elements, e.g. constituting the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the composition of the material constituting the pressing elements, e.g. constituting the welding jaws or clamps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C66/00General aspects of processes or apparatus for joining preformed parts
    • B29C66/80General aspects of machine operations or constructions and parts thereof
    • B29C66/81General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps
    • B29C66/812General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the composition, by the structure, by the intensive physical properties or by the optical properties of the material constituting the pressing elements, e.g. constituting the welding jaws or clamps
    • B29C66/8126General aspects of the pressing elements, i.e. the elements applying pressure on the parts to be joined in the area to be joined, e.g. the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the composition, by the structure, by the intensive physical properties or by the optical properties of the material constituting the pressing elements, e.g. constituting the welding jaws or clamps characterised by the intensive physical properties or by the optical properties of the material constituting the pressing elements, e.g. constituting the welding jaws or clamps
    • B29C66/81264Mechanical properties, e.g. hardness
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS OR TO MATERIALS FOR MOULDS, REINFORCEMENTS, FILLERS OR PREFORMED PARTS, e.g. INSERTS
    • B29K2995/00Properties of moulding materials, reinforcements, fillers, preformed parts or moulds
    • B29K2995/0037Other properties
    • B29K2995/007Hardness
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S425/00Plastic article or earthenware shaping or treating: apparatus
    • Y10S425/044Rubber mold
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/10Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor
    • Y10T156/1052Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with cutting, punching, tearing or severing
    • Y10T156/1054Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with cutting, punching, tearing or severing and simultaneously bonding [e.g., cut-seaming]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/10Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor
    • Y10T156/1052Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with cutting, punching, tearing or severing
    • Y10T156/1062Prior to assembly
    • Y10T156/1075Prior to assembly of plural laminae from single stock and assembling to each other or to additional lamina
    • Y10T156/1077Applying plural cut laminae to single face of additional lamina
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/12Surface bonding means and/or assembly means with cutting, punching, piercing, severing or tearing
    • Y10T156/1317Means feeding plural workpieces to be joined
    • Y10T156/1322Severing before bonding or assembling of parts
    • Y10T156/1326Severing means or member secured thereto also bonds
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/12Surface bonding means and/or assembly means with cutting, punching, piercing, severing or tearing
    • Y10T156/1317Means feeding plural workpieces to be joined
    • Y10T156/1322Severing before bonding or assembling of parts
    • Y10T156/133Delivering cut part to indefinite or running length web
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/12Surface bonding means and/or assembly means with cutting, punching, piercing, severing or tearing
    • Y10T156/1317Means feeding plural workpieces to be joined
    • Y10T156/1322Severing before bonding or assembling of parts
    • Y10T156/1339Delivering cut part in sequence to serially conveyed articles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/12Surface bonding means and/or assembly means with cutting, punching, piercing, severing or tearing
    • Y10T156/1378Cutter actuated by or secured to bonding element
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/17Surface bonding means and/or assemblymeans with work feeding or handling means
    • Y10T156/1702For plural parts or plural areas of single part
    • Y10T156/1712Indefinite or running length work
    • Y10T156/1734Means bringing articles into association with web
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/17Surface bonding means and/or assemblymeans with work feeding or handling means
    • Y10T156/1702For plural parts or plural areas of single part
    • Y10T156/1744Means bringing discrete articles into assembled relationship
    • Y10T156/1751At least three articles
    • Y10T156/1754At least two applied side by side to common base

Abstract

This invention is generally accomplished by providing continuous self-adhesive strands of elastic to a substrate having retractable supports extending therefrom. The retractable supports in a convex pattern are contracted with the self-adhering elastic and the substrate bearing the elastic and supports is brought into contact with the web to which the elastic is to be transferred. The series of supports around which the elastic contacts are forced to retract as the self-adhering elastic is pressed against the web causing the elastic to transfer to the substrate thereby creating an elastic band on the substrate. In a preferred form the substrate is fed two strips of self-adhering elastic that are applied on each side of a series of a convex pattern of pins and then pressed together around opposing sides of the convex pattern of pins to seal the elastic to itself and sever the elastic, creating a contoured closed loop around the pins.

Description

This is a divisional of co-pending application Ser. No. 06/791,885 filed on Oct. 28, 1985 now U.S. Pat. No. 4,726,873.

TECHNICAL FIELD

This invention relates to a method and apparatus for application of self-adhering elastic material to a substrate. In particular, the invention relates to the formation of disposable garments utilizing contoured elastics.

BACKGROUND ART

In U.S. Pat. No. 4,418,123 - Bunnelle et al., an extrudable self-adhering elastic is disclosed. It is disclosed therein that the material may be utilized to provide elasticity to disposable garments by stretching the material and applying it to a deformable substrate. This material has been difficult to utilize in high-speed formation of diapers and other disposable garments as when it is stretched it will not adhere well to polymer substrates without pressure being applied to the material as it is applied to the substrate. Further, there has been no practical way of applying the material in contoured patterns such as circular patterns onto the deformable substrates. It is desirable that elastic be contoured for use in disposable garments such as diapers, face masks and disposable hats.

It is known in the formation of disposable diapers that elastic may be applied to the diaper to form elasticized areas at the legs and at the waist. However, as illustrated in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,227,952 - Sabee, 4,050,462 - Woon et al., and in 3,860,003 - Buell, the placement of elastics is ordinarily in straight lines. There has been proposed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,828,367 - Bourgeois, a method of forming elastics on disposable clothes by placing the elastic into grooves in a roller from which it is applied to the garment.

There remains a need for a method and apparatus for applying curved elastic easily to a continuous web. There also particularly is a need for a method of accurately applying generally circular self-adhering elastic to substrates.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

It is an object of this invention to overcome disadvantages of prior processes and apparatus.

It is another object of this invention to reliably place self-adhering elastic onto a substrate.

A further object of this invention is to provide more accurate placement of elastic on substrates.

Another object of this invention is to provide a continuous process for formation of curved and generally circular elastics.

These and other objects of the invention are generally accomplished by providing continuous self-adhesive elastics to a substrate having retractable supports such as a pattern of pins. The retractable supports are placed in contact or looped with the self-adhering elastic, and the substrate bearing the elastic in contact with the supports is brought into contact with a web to which the elastic is to be transferred. The series of supports in contact with the elastic are forced to retract as the self-adhering elastic is pressed against a web causing the elastic to transfer to the web, thereby creating an elasticized band on the web.

In a preferred form the substrate is fed in a straight line, two strips of self-adhering elastic that are applied on each side of a series of a generally convex polygonal pattern of pins and then pressed together and bonded at opposing sides of the patterned pins to seal the elastic to itself. The elastic is severed in the sealed area thereby creating contoured shapes around the pins as the elastic loops contract around the pattern of pins.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an apparatus for applying elastic patterns on a substrate and transferring them to a web.

FIG. 2 is a view of the apparatus of FIG. 1 from direction A--A of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing pin position at the time of elastic transfer from the elastic to the web.

FIG. 4 is a schematic of an apparatus utilizing the retractable pin elastic applicator to form concentric loops of elastic.

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the apparatus of FIG. 4.

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the pin drum applicator in the apparatus of FIG. 4.

FIGS. 7 and 8 are cross-sectional views on cross section lines 7 and 8 of FIG. 6.

FIG. 9 is a top view of FIG. 7.

FIG. 10 is a top view of FIG. 8.

FIG. 11 is an illustration of apparatus for transferring loops of self-adhering elastic utilizing male and female molds.

FIGS. 12 and 13 illustrate the molds used for transfer of loops of elastic material from an inflatable male mold the roll carrying a web.

FIG. 14 is a partial cross section illustration of transfer of elastics from a rigid male mold to a flexible female mold bearing a web of material.

FIG. 15 illustrates transfer of elastic utilizing rigid male and female molds.

FIGS. 16 and 17 illustrate apparatus for forming contoured shaped elastic utilizing movable posts to contour the elastic.

FIGS. 18-20 illustrate reciprocating apparatus for intermittent application of loops of elastic to a moving continuous web.

MODES FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

The method and apparatus of the invention has many advantages over previous systems for elastic application particularly for self-adhering elastic. The system of the invention allows accurate registration of the elastic with the substrate. The invention allows the simple straight line feeding of elastic to result in convex polygonal shapes of contoured elastic on a substrate for transfer to a web. The invention further provides positive pressure bonding of the self-adhering elastic to the web, thereby minimizing the chance of the elastic not bonding to the web. The superior registration of the system of the invention allows more accurate sizing of products to be formed. These and other advantages will be apparent from the description below.

The apparatus 10 of FIGS. 1 and 2 applies contoured self-adhering elastic in accordance with the invention. The elastic strips 12 and 14 are fed to the apparatus in stretched condition. These strips 12 and 14 are fed beneath rollers 16 and 18 that ride near the surface 22 of drum 20. The surface 22 is provided with a release material such as silicone rubber. The rollers place the elastic 14 and 12 on the surface 22 of the drum on each side of the pattern of retractable pins 24. As the drum rotates the elastic moves away from the applicator rolls 16 and 18 and begins to wrap the circumference of the drum 20. The elastic is grasped and brought together by the clamp devices 26 and 28. One set of clamping devices is ahead of each pattern while the other is behind the pattern. By ahead it is intended to mean the leading clamps based on direction of movement and behind are the following clamps based on direction of movement of the elastic. The major stretch of the self-adhering elastic is applied to the elastic prior to its being applied to the drum 20 although the actions of clamps 26 and 28 may also provide additional stretch. One of the clamping devices 26 and 28 also has a heated knife to sever the strands in the bonded section after clamping, and the joined strands spring around the pins 24 as loop or ring 30. The loop of elastic 30 moves with rotation of the drum towards the web 32 carried by drum 34. As the drum 20 rotates the clamping devices 28 and 26 are retracted so that they are outside of the area of contact of applicator drum 20 with the web-carrying drum 34. As drum 20 contacts the web 32, the pins 24 are forced to retreat by the pressure of the nip formed by drums 20 and 34, and the elastic is adhesively transferred by pressure at the nip to the web 32. The web 32 bearing the elastic loops 30 is then drawn from drum 34 for transport to another area (not shown) for further forming into products.

The web 32 with the loops may be further formed by having the polygonal generally circular elasticized area cut from the web to form articles such as shower caps or operating-room caps. In another preferred embodiment the center portion 40 could be severed and removed, and a sheet bearing the elasticized area formed into a garment with the elasticized area at the wrists, waist or legs.

FIG. 3 illustrates in cross section a transfer in accordance with the invention. In FIG. 3 the applicator or pin drum 50 is formed with shell 52 over which has been placed a silicone rubber or other release layer 54. The pins 56 are mounted in a spring-loaded base 58. The base 58 provides continuous outward pressure for the pins 56. As drum 50 is rotated it comes into close proximity to the receiving or forming drum 60 bearing web 62. The gap between the drums is adjusted to provide pressure to cause adhesion of the elastic to the web without undue deformation of the elastic. Drum 60 bearing web 62 contacts pins 56 causing them to retract. The pressure of the nip 66 causes the self-adhering elastic 64 to transfer to the web 62. As is apparent, the system allows exact placement of the elastic in the pattern corresponding to the outer edges of the pattern of pins 56. The drum 60 may be provided with means to apply a vacuum beneath web 62 in order to cause it to adhere to drum 60.

Illustrated in FIGS. 4, 5 and 6 is apparatus that may be used to form a web with loops of elastic utilizing the retractable pin application device for elastic placement. The web has accurately placed dual loops of elastic. The elasticized web formed by the device illustrated may be formed into an absorbent garment such as an incontinent garment or diaper, such as disclosed in Ser. No. 690,351 filed Jan. 10, 1985 by Heran et al. entitled DISPOSABLE UNDERPANTS SUCH AS INFANT'S TRAINING PANTS AND THE LIKE, Ser. No. 690,349 filed Jan. 10, 1985 - Ales et al. entitled DISPOSABLE GARMENTS WITH MULTIPLE STRAND ELASTICIZED OPENINGS, or Ser. No. 740,135 filed May 31, 1985 by Strohbeen et al. entitled DISPOSABLE UNDERPANTS HAVING DISCRETE OUTER SEALS. The accurate placement of multiple contoured elastic at garment openings has advantages in sealing against leakage, lessening of skin reddening, and improving appearance of disposable garments.

As illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5, the elasticized web-forming apparatus 70 is composed of elastic application apparatus 72, a source of web material 76, and pin application devices 78 and 80 for application of two rings of elastic. The web bearing loops of elastic to be formed into a garment further may be provided with a facing 90. The apparatus of 92 cuts the holes from within the elastic loops. The cut holes may be removed by vacuum withdrawal (not shown). The product web then may be further treated to form elasticized garments and other articles. The above-cited Ser. No. 740,135 - Strohbeen et al. filed May 31, 1985, hereby incorporated by reference, discloses a method of sealing the side seals of a garment. As is apparent, a variety of garments and elasticized products could be formed by the pin applicator device of the invention that may be utilized to put contoured elastics on a variety of substrates.

The operation of the apparatus 70 will be described with reference to FIGS. 4, 5 and 6. The backing sheet for the garment is supplied from source 76 as sheet 100. Sheet 100 is fed to the forming drum 102. Forming drum 102 is preferably provided with a vacuum source such that the web 100 is securely adhered thereto by the vacuum being drawn through a series of holes in the outer surface 104 of the drum. Instead of vacuum it is possible that the web would be held in place by needles piercing the material at the edge or by a tenter frame. It is also possible that the web not be secured to the drum by vacuum but held in place by winding tension and friction with the drum surface. The web 100 adhered to drum 102 then passes beneath the first pin applicator roll 78 to which is fed in a straight line two strips of stretched self-adhering elastic 106 and 108. These strips of elastic are applied to the rim 78 below rollers 110 and 112 and are formed in rings around pins 114 by cutting and adhering devices 116 and 118. When the rings of elastic 120 pass through the nip 122 the pins 114 are retracted, and the elastic 120 is adhered to web 100. The web 100 bearing ring 120 is then moved as drum 102 rotates beneath the second pin drum roll 80. In a similar manner pin drum roll 80 applies two strips of self-adhering elastic 124 and 126 to the drum 80 where it is applied around pins 128 with sealing together of the strips 124 and 126 by the nipping/cutting apparatus 130 and 132. Rings of elastic 134 are formed which at nip 136 are transferred to sheet 100. As illustrated, the rings 134 are somewhat larger than the previously-formed ring 120 such that they form an outer circumferential ring around the earlier placed ring 120. The rotation of the product-forming drum 102 then brings the web bearing the double ring of elastics 134 and 120 to the point of application of sheet 90 that covers the exposed self-adhering elastic so that the web may be handled. The composite than is formed as the sheet 90 is adhered to the exposed elastic adhesives by contoured pressure rollers 148 and 150.

The elasticized composite is removed by being drawn over roller 152 and brought to the die cutters 192 composed of rolls 154 and 156. These cutting rolls remove the portion within elastic loops or bands 120 and 134 to leave hole 158. The composite then may be cut into blanks for immediate conversion to articles or may be rolled for later conversion.

FIG. 6 is a detailed view of the pin application devices of 72. It is noted that the rings of elastic 120 and 134 are precisely placed upon the web 100. The ability to perform such exact placement is a particular advantage of the system of the invention. The surface 170 of roller 80 and surface 172 of roller 78 is provided with a release surface that is not adherent to the self-adhesive elastics.

The surface of rollers 176, 178, 110 and 112 that apply the self-adhering elastic to drums 78 and 80 must be a release material for the self-adhering elastic, such as a silicone rubber. Further, it is noted that the bonding and cutting devices 130 and 132 must be retracted to the end portions 182 and 184 of their track prior to the pin applicator drum being brought into contact with the garment-forming drum 102 so that the nipper/cutters are not pressed against drum 102 and damaged.

The devices for holding, fusing and cutting the self-adhering elastics are illustrated in FIGS. 7, 8, 9 and 10. As shown in FIGS. 7 and 9, the bonding and cutting devices or cutter/nippers 190 and 192 are holding the elastic for bonding and cutting to form the separate rings. The elastics 194 and 196 are gathered and brought together as devices 190 and 192 move from edge positions 198 and 200. The cutters are moved by suitable camming devices not shown. As shown in FIG. 9 from the top view, the cutting and fusing device 190 is composed of separate clamping surfaces 202 and 204 that bear against surfaces 206 and 208 to bond the separate ribbons 194 and 196 of self-adhering elastic together. After the areas 202 and 206 and 204 and 208 are brought together, the knife portion 210 passes through the elastic onto anvil 212 and cuts the elastic ribbons 194 and 196. The knife is spring loaded such that it is not applied through the intersection between horns 202 and 204 until these have clamped the elastic under pressure. The nipper/cutter 190 and 192 are then retracted so as to clear the forming drum 102 when the elastic transfer is made and to be in position for bringing together to stretch, bond and cut the strands of elastic that are next applied to pins 128. When the nipper/cutters are separated after cutting, the elastic springs back to elastically grip the pins 128. FIGS. 8 and 10 illustrate the nipper/cutter devices 190 and 192 in spread position with the elastic being contracted around the pins 128 to form a continuous band 216. As the nipper/cutter devices 190 and 192 extend above the surface 220 of the pin applicator roll 222, it is necessary that they be withdrawn to the edges of the roll as shown in FIG. 10 when the roll is in position for transfer of the elastic from upon the pins to a web.

The surface of the pin applicator rolls 22 in FIG. 1 must be covered with a material that is not adherent to the self-adhering adhesive being applied to a web by the pin applicators. The release material typically is somewhat resilient when silicone rubber is used, but is not essential that the surface be both a release surface and resilient in order to function. This surface may be formed of any suitable release material for the elastic adhesive being used. Typical of such release materials are fluorinated hydrocarbons, highly polished ceramics such as silicone carbide, or metals treated with a release oil such as silicone oil. A preferred material is a silicone rubber of 40 to 100 durometers hardness and particularly preferred is the silicone rubber Silastic® J RTV available from Dow Corning Corporation having a durometer hardness of about 60. The silicone rubber is also preferred as the release surface for the delivery rolls that stretch the self-adherent elastic and apply it to the surface of the drum.

The pins, such as 24, also must have a surface that is nonadherent to the self-adhering elastic. Typical of such surfaces are those listed above for the applicator roll surface. A suitable surface has been found to be a fluorinated hydrocarbon surface of tetrafluoroethylene composition. A most preferred surface is a silicone rubber of 40-100 durometer hardness and of a composition as set forth above for the applicator roll. Further, it is possible that the surface may, if appropriate, have an oil either fed from within or added to the surface periodically. Teflon is a preferred coating for the pins as it has better abrasion-resistant properties. As the pins are periodically pushed into the roll and extended out again abrasion resistance is desirable as the pins may bear against the sides of holes through which they extend. Silicone is a preferred material as it has good release properties from the self-adhering elastics.

The pins are arranged in any suitable configuration or pattern on the applicator drum to result in the elastic being placed in the desired contour. The pins should be in convex pattern so that the stretched elastic will assume the pattern formed by the pins. The pins themselves may extend any suitable distance from the applicator drum. They must extend a suitable distance such that the elastic when it rebounds after being cut does not flip over the top of the pins. A suitable distance for extension of the pins generally is between about 1/4 and about 1/2 inch. A preferred distance for extension has been found to be about 3/8 inches. However, depending upon the size of the elastic band and the diameter of the loop being formed around the pins, the distance may be varied to whatever is effective.

The invention has been described with retraction of spring loaded supports when the applicator drum bearing the support contacts the web. However, it is possible that the pin retraction could be carried out by positive mechanical means such as cams or solenoids in the drum. The spring loaded supports are preferred because they are simple and reliable. If a drum with positive means to extend and withdraw pins was used it would be possible to use one applicator roll to make different products by selective extension and retraction of pins to form different polygonal patterns. Further, concentric loops could be formed by retracting the outer pattern of pins, forming the inner loops, then extending pins of the outer pattern and forming the outer loops of elastic around the outer pins. The concentric loops could then be simultaneously transferred.

The pins or supports may be any cross-sectional shape that results in a suitable product. It has been found that the pins are best of generally circular cross section as these do not result in premature release of the elastic when the pins reach the nip.

FIGS. 11-22 illustrate alternative embodiments of the invention for application of self-adhering elastic in nonlinear shapes onto a web substrate. In FIG. 11 the apparatus 230 is comprised of an applicator drum 232 and a vacuum web-carrying drum 234. Application drum 232 is provided with a series of male die blocks 236 having two surfaces 238 and 240, generally perpendicular to the drum surface, around which the elastic is wrapped, by means not shown. Elastic 242 and 244 are applied to the applicator roll 232 with elastic loop 242 being placed around the lower receiving area 240 and elastic loop 244 placed around the upper receiving area 238. The applicator roll 232 is brought in to corotating contact with the vacuum receiving roll 234 at 246. The roll 234 is provided a web material 248 that has been drawn thereto by vacuum. The male molds 236 deflate and deform at nip 246 to effect transfer of the elastics 238 and 240 to the web 248 by pressure contact.

FIGS. 12 and 13 illustrate the male mold 236 of roll 232. The molds may be air inflated from a source of compressed air 252. The inflatable mold will allow roll 236 to better conform to receiving roll 234, and allow the inflation pressure to aid transfer of the elastics 232 and 244 to the receiving web 248. It is also possible that a deformable or inflatable male mold could be brought into contact with a matching female mold and transfer accomplished by deforming the male mold so that the elastic loops on the mold are brought into contact with a web adhered to a female mold carried on a vacuum roll. As illustrated in FIG. 11, the male mold 236 acts somewhat like a large single pin around which the elastic is wrapped.

FIG. 14 illustrates another alternate embodiment utilizing transfer of elastic ribbons on a male mold. In FIG. 14 the male mold 260 is solid while the receiving mold 262 is flexible and may have air or hydraulic pressure 264 applied thereto. The web material 266 is pressed by the flexible mold 262 against the elastics 268 and 270. FIG. 15 is a further alternative embodiment utilizing male and female rolls. In FIG. 15 the male mold and female mold 282 are solid and have elastics 284 and 286 applied thereto. The transfer of self-adhering elastic 284 and 286 to the web 288 is affected by pressure contact of the mold numbers 282 and 283.

FIGS. 16 and 17 illustrate another embodiment of the invention utilizing retractable pins for shaping the self-adhering elastic. As is illustrated in FIGS. 16 and 17, the apparatus 290 is capable of applying contoured elastics 292 and 294 to a web of material 297. The elastics 292 and 294 are brought to the forming roll 296 by straight line feeding of the elastic 292 around guide roll 298. The applicator roll 296 is provided with a series of pins 300 fixed in location but retractable under pressure into roll 296. The elastics 292 and 294 are brought into contact with the convex arrangement of fixed location pins 300 by movement of movable pins 302. Pins 302 move the elastic outward to the edge of roll 296 and thereby stretch it and bring it into contact with the fixed location pins 300. Transfer to web 297 is effected while web 296 has an open-downward fold 304 formed therein. The making of such downward folds prior to formation of elasticized garments is known in the diaper formation process and disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,227,952 - Sabee. The downward-folded portion 304 in the formation of diapers is the part that forms the back and front of the diaper while the contoured elastic would form the leg elastic portions. The portion of elastic 310 spanning fold 304 is severed by cutting roll 312 to form the contoured leg portions 314 and 316. When the fold 304 is opened the web may be cut such as at phantom line 318 to form separate garments with elasticized legs. Further, the flap portion 320 within the elastic legs may be cut out if desired, by means not shown.

FIGS. 18-20 are a schematic illustration of another method and apparatus by which the retractable pin elastic applicator may be formed. Elastic applicator device 330 is designed to provide intermittent application of a strip of elastic to a web 332 passing below the applicator 330. The applicator is provided with an arm 334 that is movable up, to the left and downward. The arm is provided with a retractable pin applicator 336 having retractable pins 338. Stretched elastic placement device 340 provides means for placing a loop of stretched elastic 342 around pins 338. The elastic is moved by moving the applicator device 336 past the loop-forming means 340 to position shown in FIG. 19. The pin applicator 336 is then brought into contact with the moving web 332 such that it is moving at the same speed as the web 332 during the time of contact for pin retraction and transfer. The arm 334 is then raised and returned to the starting position of FIG. 18 prior to being recycled through the loop formation and elastic application to the substrate steps of FIGS. 19 and 20 in a reciprocating motion.

The self-adherent elastic may be formed of any elastic material that has adherent properties. Further, as the term self-adherent is used herein it also includes elastic materials that have been caused to be self-adherent by being coated with adhesive such as by dipping into an adhesive material. Further, the invention could be utilized as an equivalent process or apparatus with nonsel-fadhering elastics if the nonadherent elastics were being transferred to a surface covered with adhesive. Further it could be used to transfer decorative areas onto a substrate by heating and fusing of ribbons of decorative material at the interface of application to a substrate.

For use in the preferred process of the invention for application of elastics to a garment, the self-adhering elastics such as disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,418,123 and its parent application U.S. Pat. No. 4,259,220 - Bunnelle et al., both incorporated herein, have been found to be particularly preferred. This material is a block copolymer having glassy end blocks and amorphous midblocks. Further, the resin has a tackifying resin associated with the midblock. There is also a resin associated with the glassy vinylarene end blocks such as low molecular weight, alpha-methyl styrene-vinyl toluene synthetic copolymers or coumaroneindenes. However, other self-adhering elastics could be utilized.

The self-adhering elastic strip may be any suitable cross section for use in the invention. It is considered that strips in the shape of ribbons, ropes or more complex cross-sections may be utilized. It is preferred that the cross-sectional aspect ratio be between about 1 to 1 and 1 to 2 in order that the material not be deformed when forming the patterned loop.

The web to which the elastic is adhered may be any suitable flexible material that is adherable to the self-adherent elastic. The material may be a fabric or a liquid impermeable polypropylene film or polyethylene polymer sheet such as used for diapers and incontinent garments. The web also could be a paper or spunbonded fabric or composite of film and nonwoven fabric. The choice of the base material is dependent upon the article to be formed.

The invention has been illustrated with formation of an elasticized web. The web may be used for forming an incontinent garment such as used for diapers, training pants or incontinent adults, the method of applying contoured elastic could be used in any desired manner to form any desired article including those such as catamenial devices. The elasticized web could be used for forming elastic wrists for disposable garments such as used for radiation protection. It could be used for forming elastic necks or anklets in such garments. Another use would be formation of caps such as used for shower caps or for sterile purposes in medical use or in manufacture of dust-free or sterile articles. Elasticized materials may be used in formation of covers for bowls. Further, elasticized tablecloths or openings for bags could be formed or garments may be partially constructed on the vacuum drum carrying the web by placing absorbent materials onto the web after the elastic loops have been transferred to the drum. These and other uses will be apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art and are intended to be included by the claims attached.

Claims (27)

What is claimed is:
1. A method of applying elastic to a web comprising providing at least one strand of self-adhering elastic material, stretching said at least one strand of elastic, forming said elastic strand into a contoured loop by applying said at least one strand against a convex pattern of retractable supports, bringing said supports bearing the contoured elastic strand into contact with a web, causing said supports to retract, and transferring said self-adhering elastic to said web.
2. The method of claim 1 wherein said web is carried on the surface of a rotating rigid forming drum, and that contact with said forming drum causes said supports to retract.
3. The method of claim 1 wherein said supports are pins of generally circular cross section in a convex polygonal pattern.
4. The method of claim 3 wherein the substrate into which said pins retract comprises a release material for self-adhering elastics.
5. The method of claim 1 wherein said at least one strand comprises two strands and said two strands are intermittently joined and then severed to form loops around a series of patterns of said supports.
6. The method of claim 2 wherein said rotating forming drum is brought into contact with a web at the nip of a corotating roll on which the pattern of retractable supports are arranged.
7. The method of claim 1 wherein said supports are in a convex polygonal pattern.
8. The method of claim 1 wherein said supports are caused to retract by pressure of the supports against the web.
9. The method of claim 1 wherein said supports have a generally circular cross section.
10. The method of claim 1 wherein said supports are caused to retract by positive retraction as the supports contact the web.
11. The method of claim 1 wherein said elastic is placed onto a forming surface in a generally straight line and movement of a movable post member brings said elastic into contact with said convex pattern of supports.
12. A method of forming elasticized areas comprising applying stretched self-adhering elastic strands to form loops around a pattern of supports, bringing said elastic into contact with a deformable web, retracting said supports as said elastic contacts said web and transferring said self-adhering elastic to said web.
13. The method of claim 12 wherein the pattern of said supports for said loops is a convex polygonal shape.
14. The method of claim 12 wherein said loops are formed by bringing at least one strand of self-adhering elastic on each side of a convex polygonal pattern of said supports, joining and bonding together the strands in areas to the front and back of said polygonal pattern to form a closed loop of stretched elastic around said supports.
15. The method of claim 14 wherein the bonded strands are severed in the bonded area and after severing spring back elastically to form the loops that grip said supports.
16. The method of claim 14 wherein said supports are pins of generally circular cross section.
17. The method of claim 14 wherein said deformable web rests on a rigid base and is brought into contact with said elastic by pressure of said web on said base against said supports causing said supports to retract and the said elastic to be pressed in bonding contact against said web.
18. The method of claim 17 wherein said supports protrude from a substrate and may retract to a position such that said supports do not extend above the substrate.
19. The method of claim 14 wherein a second elastic loop is formed and transferred onto said web so as to form a concentric loop with said first loop.
20. The method of claim 12 further comprising adhering a straight line elastic to said web.
21. The method of claim 17 further comprising holding said web to said base by vacuum.
22. The method of claim 12 wherein said support comprises a deformable mold.
23. The method of claim 22 wherein said mold is inflatable.
24. A method of applying elastic to a substrate comprising providing at least one strand of elastic shaping said strand against a holding means in the shape of a loop, retaining said strand in contact with said holding means, bringing said strand into contact with a substrate, providing means for relative movement of said holding means and said substrate to allow adhering contact of said elastic to said substrate.
25. The method of claim 24 wherein said holding means comprises an inflatable bladder.
26. The method of claim 24 wherein said holding means comprises a series of pins and the relative movement of said holding means and said substrate is accomplished by the withdrawal of said pins into the base from which they extend.
27. The method of claim 24 wherein said strand of elastic is self-adhering.
US07/111,968 1985-10-28 1987-10-22 Method for applying contoured elastic to a substrate Expired - Lifetime US4786346A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US06/791,885 US4726873A (en) 1985-10-28 1985-10-28 Apparatus for applying contoured elastic to a substrate
US07/111,968 US4786346A (en) 1985-10-28 1987-10-22 Method for applying contoured elastic to a substrate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US07/111,968 US4786346A (en) 1985-10-28 1987-10-22 Method for applying contoured elastic to a substrate

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US06/791,885 Division US4726873A (en) 1985-10-28 1985-10-28 Apparatus for applying contoured elastic to a substrate

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US4786346A true US4786346A (en) 1988-11-22

Family

ID=25155087

Family Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US06/791,885 Expired - Lifetime US4726873A (en) 1985-10-28 1985-10-28 Apparatus for applying contoured elastic to a substrate
US07/111,968 Expired - Lifetime US4786346A (en) 1985-10-28 1987-10-22 Method for applying contoured elastic to a substrate
US07/334,066 Expired - Fee Related US4946539A (en) 1985-10-28 1989-04-04 Apparatus for applying contoured elastic to a substrate

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US06/791,885 Expired - Lifetime US4726873A (en) 1985-10-28 1985-10-28 Apparatus for applying contoured elastic to a substrate

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US07/334,066 Expired - Fee Related US4946539A (en) 1985-10-28 1989-04-04 Apparatus for applying contoured elastic to a substrate

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (3) US4726873A (en)
EP (2) EP0286635B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH0684043B2 (en)
AU (1) AU613861B2 (en)
CA (1) CA1275987C (en)
DE (1) DE3685030D1 (en)
WO (1) WO1988003088A1 (en)

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5393360A (en) * 1993-10-06 1995-02-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for combining a tensioned elastic garter with a substrate
US5429694A (en) * 1994-04-05 1995-07-04 Paragon Trade Brands, Inc. Apparatus and method for applying tensioned elastic to material
WO1996018366A1 (en) * 1994-12-13 1996-06-20 SCA Mölnlycke AB Method for stretching a web of material in the manufacture of a liquid-absorbent article and a device for stretching the web of material
US5531850A (en) * 1994-06-21 1996-07-02 Paragon Trade Brands, Inc. Apparatus and method for applying transverse tensioned elastic
US5556504A (en) * 1994-01-25 1996-09-17 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Apparatus for placing discrete parts transversely onto a moving web
US5602747A (en) * 1995-01-31 1997-02-11 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Controlling web tension by actively controlling velocity of dancer roll
US5601547A (en) * 1995-05-31 1997-02-11 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Waist elastic system with improved modulus of elasticity for a child's training pant
US5711832A (en) * 1995-05-31 1998-01-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for making a training pant having a separate waist elastic system
US5716478A (en) * 1995-10-17 1998-02-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Apparatus and method for applying discrete parts onto a moving web
US5749989A (en) * 1993-10-06 1998-05-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Continuous, high-speed method for producing a pant-style garment having a pair of elasticized leg openings
US6165306A (en) * 1998-06-01 2000-12-26 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process and apparatus for cutting of discrete components of a multi-component workpiece and depositing them with registration on a moving web of material
US6314333B1 (en) 1998-07-03 2001-11-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method and apparatus for controlling web tension by actively controlling velocity and acceleration of a dancer roll
US6336921B1 (en) 1995-05-31 2002-01-08 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Waist elastic system with improved elastic decay properties for a training pant
US6358350B1 (en) 1995-05-31 2002-03-19 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for making a training pant having a unitary waist elastic system
US6375769B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2002-04-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of applying curved leg elastics using pucks with curved surfaces
US6440246B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2002-08-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of applying curved leg elastics using rotating disks
US6473669B2 (en) 1998-07-03 2002-10-29 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Controlling web tension, and accumulating lengths of web, by actively controlling velocity and acceleration of a festoon
US6540857B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2003-04-01 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of applying curved leg elastics using curved pucks
US6569275B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2003-05-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of optimizing tension in applying leg elastics
US6585841B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2003-07-01 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of optimizing spacing between elastic members in applying leg elastics
US6613033B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2003-09-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Pant-like absorbent garments having curved leg cuffs
US6635041B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2003-10-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent garment with asymmetrical leg elastic tension
US6652504B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2003-11-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Pant-like absorbent garments having curved leak guard flaps
US6689115B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2004-02-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent garment with asymmetrical leg elastic spacing
US20040098791A1 (en) * 2002-11-21 2004-05-27 Faulks Michael J. Boxer-style absorbent underpant and method of making same
US6856850B2 (en) 1998-07-03 2005-02-15 Kimberly Clark Worldwide, Inc. Controlling web tension, and accumulating lengths of web, using a festoon
US20050145150A1 (en) * 2003-12-31 2005-07-07 Mortell Heather S. Process for making a garment having hanging legs
US6984279B2 (en) 2002-11-25 2006-01-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process to make boxer shorts with an absorbent core
US7198688B2 (en) 2002-12-09 2007-04-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process to make boxer shorts having a contracted crotch region
US20100094236A1 (en) * 2007-05-18 2010-04-15 Christoph Schmitz Article comprising a flipped leg hoop and process for the manufacturing of such
WO2010126431A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Method and apparatus for manufacturing elasticated webs comprising discontinuous elastic threads
US20110203431A1 (en) * 2008-10-30 2011-08-25 Fameaccanica.Data S.P.A. Device and method for producing sanitary products
US20110284157A1 (en) * 2007-05-30 2011-11-24 Yuki Takahashi Method of manufacturing elastic sheet, and elastic sheet and absorbent product
US8147642B2 (en) 2002-12-09 2012-04-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process of making boxer shorts from a web
US8176573B2 (en) 2002-12-09 2012-05-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Boxer shorts and process of making boxer shorts from one or more webs
US8282618B2 (en) 2002-12-11 2012-10-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Disposable boxer brief
US8361049B2 (en) 2002-12-09 2013-01-29 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Boxer shorts and process of making boxer shorts with expandable material
US9700079B2 (en) 2002-12-09 2017-07-11 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process of making boxer shorts from a web with various leg opening shapes

Families Citing this family (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4726873A (en) * 1985-10-28 1988-02-23 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Apparatus for applying contoured elastic to a substrate
SE464356B (en) * 1988-07-12 1991-04-15 Moelnlycke Ab Foerfarande and apparatus foer to a foerutbestaemt mo ester aatminstone applying a traad, band or the like ovanfoer a web
US4915767A (en) * 1988-11-17 1990-04-10 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Apparatus for applying an elastic in a curved pattern to a moving web
FR2668364B1 (en) * 1990-10-26 1997-11-28 Peaudouce The diaper has elastic elements and crotch belt, and method and installation for the continuous manufacture of such diapers.
US5779689A (en) * 1990-10-26 1998-07-14 Peaudouce Diapers with elasticized crotch and end regions and a process and apparatus for the continuous manufacture thereof
SE501940C2 (en) * 1992-09-15 1995-06-26 Moelnlycke Ab Method and apparatus for applying elastic elements to an elongated moving web
US5275676A (en) * 1992-09-18 1994-01-04 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Method and apparatus for applying a curved elastic to a moving web
US5407507A (en) * 1993-10-25 1995-04-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for combining a tensioned elastic member with a moving substrate web
US5552007A (en) * 1995-01-31 1996-09-03 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Conveying continous web having cross-direction tension
SE508630C2 (en) * 1995-02-02 1998-10-19 Sca Hygiene Prod Ab Method and apparatus for laying a thread on a surface
US6070579A (en) * 1996-03-08 2000-06-06 3M Innovative Properties Company Elastomeric composite headband
US5724677A (en) * 1996-03-08 1998-03-10 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Multi-part headband and respirator mask assembly and process for making same
US5850771A (en) * 1996-12-09 1998-12-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Non-continuous component applicator
US6197138B1 (en) 1998-12-29 2001-03-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Machine and process for placing and bonding elastic members in a relaxed state to a moving substrate web
US6284081B1 (en) * 1999-12-23 2001-09-04 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Methods and apparatus for applying an elastic material in a curvilinear pattern on a continuously moving substrate
US7341087B2 (en) * 2002-01-02 2008-03-11 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Apparatus for applying discrete parts to a moving web
JP4012042B2 (en) * 2002-11-01 2007-11-21 株式会社瑞光 Wearing article of manufacturing equipment
US20040167493A1 (en) * 2003-02-21 2004-08-26 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Arrangement and method for applying elastic element to a material web
US7089641B2 (en) * 2003-11-07 2006-08-15 3M Innovative Properties Company Adhesively mounted clamp device
US7055360B2 (en) * 2003-12-31 2006-06-06 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of applying a force to a work piece
US20090312737A1 (en) * 2008-06-17 2009-12-17 Gary Dean Lavon Absorbent Article Comprising A Barrier Attachment Zone
JP5471571B2 (en) * 2010-02-18 2014-04-16 王子ホールディングス株式会社 Absorbent article and a manufacturing method and apparatus of the stretchable sheet used in this
EP2626318B1 (en) * 2012-02-10 2015-01-21 Teepack Spezialmaschinen Gmbh & Co. Kg Infusion bag
US9533483B2 (en) 2014-09-26 2017-01-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Apparatus for and method of shaping and applying a segment to a moving web

Citations (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2402074A (en) * 1943-09-03 1946-06-11 Tootal Broadhurst Lee Co Ltd Web feeding device
US2957792A (en) * 1954-04-19 1960-10-25 Sidney H Magid Method of heat sealing edge bindings around openings in hollow thermoplastic bodies
US2976199A (en) * 1959-05-08 1961-03-21 Rand Rubber Co Inc Process for manufacture of baby pants
US3245407A (en) * 1962-01-17 1966-04-12 Dow Chemical Co Disposable articles
US3466359A (en) * 1963-04-01 1969-09-09 Johannes Balfour Van Burleigh Method of orienting net-like nonwoven fabrics
US3604015A (en) * 1967-10-26 1971-09-14 Courtaulds Ltd Wearing apparel
US3644157A (en) * 1970-01-27 1972-02-22 Neal M Draper Method of making laminar garment by autogenous bonding of continuous webs
US3663962A (en) * 1970-09-24 1972-05-23 Kimberly Clark Co Process for producing panties
US3756878A (en) * 1970-03-26 1973-09-04 Consortium General Textile Disposable pants and the method of manufacturing same
US3828367A (en) * 1970-09-18 1974-08-13 Elastelle Fontanille P & Fils Method of and installation for continuous manufacture of unsewn articles of clothing
US4033801A (en) * 1970-06-04 1977-07-05 Eugene Gros Manufacture of articles of a substantially sack-like or tubular structure
US4227952A (en) * 1979-04-16 1980-10-14 Sabee Products, Inc. Method and apparatus for making diapers with elastic bands
US4236954A (en) * 1978-01-19 1980-12-02 Vinyl Clad Proprietary Limited Label applicator
US4297157A (en) * 1980-06-23 1981-10-27 Weyerhaeuser Company Method for application of elastic to articles
US4371417A (en) * 1981-10-01 1983-02-01 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Differentially stretched elastic
US4394787A (en) * 1978-07-27 1983-07-26 Dorma Door Controls Inc. Hydraulic door closer construction
US4418123A (en) * 1978-12-06 1983-11-29 H. B. Fuller Company Extrudable self-adhering elastic and method of employing same
US4479836A (en) * 1980-05-16 1984-10-30 Johnson & Johnson Baby Products Company Method for effecting securement of alternating stretched and unstretched elastic ribbon to a moving web
US4488923A (en) * 1981-11-27 1984-12-18 Personal Products Company Method for producing a fabric having unsecured elastic in areas intermittently disposed along an edge thereof
US4726873A (en) * 1985-10-28 1988-02-23 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Apparatus for applying contoured elastic to a substrate

Family Cites Families (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3748203A (en) * 1971-04-12 1973-07-24 Deering Milliken Res Corp Method and apparatus for positioning a plurality of continuous stripson a support surface
FR2167359B3 (en) * 1972-01-13 1974-12-20 Millot Lab
US3828267A (en) * 1972-05-27 1974-08-06 Sony Corp Muting circuit
FR2490079B1 (en) * 1980-09-15 1984-01-06 Boussac Saint Freres Bsf
FR2490078B1 (en) * 1980-09-15 1983-12-16 Boussac Saint Freres Bsf
IT1161511B (en) * 1983-10-12 1987-03-18 Fameccanica Spa Process and apparatus for the formation of tensioned elastic elements from a continuous elastic tape particularly for the manufacture of sanitary products such as diapers and the like mono use
US4479736A (en) * 1983-12-12 1984-10-30 Zin-Plas Corporation Replaceable handle assembly
US4578133A (en) * 1984-11-19 1986-03-25 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Method and apparatus for applying discrete strips to a web of material
SE449820B (en) * 1984-11-28 1987-05-25 Mo Och Domsjoe Ab Arrangement for using glue party an elastic band on a plastics web in the manufacture of diapers and similar
FR2594651B1 (en) * 1986-02-21 1991-06-07 Colgate Palmolive Co Machine for attachment to a web in continuous scrolling of the elastic tape tension sections and installation for the production of diapers comprising application

Patent Citations (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2402074A (en) * 1943-09-03 1946-06-11 Tootal Broadhurst Lee Co Ltd Web feeding device
US2957792A (en) * 1954-04-19 1960-10-25 Sidney H Magid Method of heat sealing edge bindings around openings in hollow thermoplastic bodies
US2976199A (en) * 1959-05-08 1961-03-21 Rand Rubber Co Inc Process for manufacture of baby pants
US3245407A (en) * 1962-01-17 1966-04-12 Dow Chemical Co Disposable articles
US3466359A (en) * 1963-04-01 1969-09-09 Johannes Balfour Van Burleigh Method of orienting net-like nonwoven fabrics
US3604015A (en) * 1967-10-26 1971-09-14 Courtaulds Ltd Wearing apparel
US3644157A (en) * 1970-01-27 1972-02-22 Neal M Draper Method of making laminar garment by autogenous bonding of continuous webs
US3756878A (en) * 1970-03-26 1973-09-04 Consortium General Textile Disposable pants and the method of manufacturing same
US4033801A (en) * 1970-06-04 1977-07-05 Eugene Gros Manufacture of articles of a substantially sack-like or tubular structure
US3828367A (en) * 1970-09-18 1974-08-13 Elastelle Fontanille P & Fils Method of and installation for continuous manufacture of unsewn articles of clothing
US3663962A (en) * 1970-09-24 1972-05-23 Kimberly Clark Co Process for producing panties
US4236954A (en) * 1978-01-19 1980-12-02 Vinyl Clad Proprietary Limited Label applicator
US4394787A (en) * 1978-07-27 1983-07-26 Dorma Door Controls Inc. Hydraulic door closer construction
US4418123A (en) * 1978-12-06 1983-11-29 H. B. Fuller Company Extrudable self-adhering elastic and method of employing same
US4227952A (en) * 1979-04-16 1980-10-14 Sabee Products, Inc. Method and apparatus for making diapers with elastic bands
US4479836A (en) * 1980-05-16 1984-10-30 Johnson & Johnson Baby Products Company Method for effecting securement of alternating stretched and unstretched elastic ribbon to a moving web
US4297157A (en) * 1980-06-23 1981-10-27 Weyerhaeuser Company Method for application of elastic to articles
US4371417A (en) * 1981-10-01 1983-02-01 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Differentially stretched elastic
US4488923A (en) * 1981-11-27 1984-12-18 Personal Products Company Method for producing a fabric having unsecured elastic in areas intermittently disposed along an edge thereof
US4726873A (en) * 1985-10-28 1988-02-23 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Apparatus for applying contoured elastic to a substrate

Cited By (64)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5749989A (en) * 1993-10-06 1998-05-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Continuous, high-speed method for producing a pant-style garment having a pair of elasticized leg openings
US5509985A (en) * 1993-10-06 1996-04-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for combining a tensioned elastic garter with a substrate
US5516392A (en) * 1993-10-06 1996-05-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for combining a tensioned elastic garter with a substrate
US5518566A (en) * 1993-10-06 1996-05-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for combining a tensioned elastic garter
US5393360A (en) * 1993-10-06 1995-02-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for combining a tensioned elastic garter with a substrate
US5556504A (en) * 1994-01-25 1996-09-17 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Apparatus for placing discrete parts transversely onto a moving web
US6319347B1 (en) 1994-01-25 2001-11-20 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for placing discrete parts transversely onto a moving web
US5429694A (en) * 1994-04-05 1995-07-04 Paragon Trade Brands, Inc. Apparatus and method for applying tensioned elastic to material
US5531850A (en) * 1994-06-21 1996-07-02 Paragon Trade Brands, Inc. Apparatus and method for applying transverse tensioned elastic
WO1996018366A1 (en) * 1994-12-13 1996-06-20 SCA Mölnlycke AB Method for stretching a web of material in the manufacture of a liquid-absorbent article and a device for stretching the web of material
US5985070A (en) * 1994-12-13 1999-11-16 Scahygiene Product Ab Method for stretching a web of material in the manufacture of a liquid absorbent article and a device for stretching the web of material
US5659229A (en) * 1995-01-31 1997-08-19 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Controlling web tension by actively controlling velocity of dancer roll
US6899780B2 (en) 1995-01-31 2005-05-31 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method and apparatus for placing discrete parts transversely onto a moving web
US5602747A (en) * 1995-01-31 1997-02-11 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Controlling web tension by actively controlling velocity of dancer roll
US5601547A (en) * 1995-05-31 1997-02-11 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Waist elastic system with improved modulus of elasticity for a child's training pant
US5711832A (en) * 1995-05-31 1998-01-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for making a training pant having a separate waist elastic system
US6605173B2 (en) 1995-05-31 2003-08-12 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for making a training pant having a unitary waist elastic system
US6358350B1 (en) 1995-05-31 2002-03-19 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for making a training pant having a unitary waist elastic system
US6336921B1 (en) 1995-05-31 2002-01-08 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Waist elastic system with improved elastic decay properties for a training pant
US5683376A (en) * 1995-05-31 1997-11-04 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Waist elastic system with improved modulus of elasticity for a child's training pant
US6551430B1 (en) 1995-05-31 2003-04-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for making a training pant having a unitary waist elastic system
US5759340A (en) * 1995-10-17 1998-06-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Apparatus for applying discrete parts onto a moving web
US5716478A (en) * 1995-10-17 1998-02-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Apparatus and method for applying discrete parts onto a moving web
US6527902B1 (en) 1998-06-01 2003-03-04 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process and apparatus for cutting of discrete components of a multi-component workpiece and depositing them with registration on a moving web of material
US6520236B1 (en) 1998-06-01 2003-02-18 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process and apparatus for cutting of discrete components of a multi-component workpiece and depositing them with registration on a moving web of material
US6165306A (en) * 1998-06-01 2000-12-26 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process and apparatus for cutting of discrete components of a multi-component workpiece and depositing them with registration on a moving web of material
US6856850B2 (en) 1998-07-03 2005-02-15 Kimberly Clark Worldwide, Inc. Controlling web tension, and accumulating lengths of web, using a festoon
US6314333B1 (en) 1998-07-03 2001-11-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method and apparatus for controlling web tension by actively controlling velocity and acceleration of a dancer roll
US6473669B2 (en) 1998-07-03 2002-10-29 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Controlling web tension, and accumulating lengths of web, by actively controlling velocity and acceleration of a festoon
US7045031B2 (en) 2000-08-15 2006-05-16 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of optimizing spacing between elastic members in applying leg elastics
US6569275B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2003-05-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of optimizing tension in applying leg elastics
US6585841B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2003-07-01 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of optimizing spacing between elastic members in applying leg elastics
US6533879B2 (en) 2000-08-15 2003-03-18 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of applying curved leg elastics using pucks with curved surfaces
US6613033B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2003-09-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Pant-like absorbent garments having curved leg cuffs
US20030183325A1 (en) * 2000-08-15 2003-10-02 Popp Robert Lee Method of optimizing spacing between elastic members in applying leg elastics
US6635041B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2003-10-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent garment with asymmetrical leg elastic tension
US6652504B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2003-11-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Pant-like absorbent garments having curved leak guard flaps
US6689115B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2004-02-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent garment with asymmetrical leg elastic spacing
US6375769B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2002-04-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of applying curved leg elastics using pucks with curved surfaces
US6808582B2 (en) 2000-08-15 2004-10-26 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of optimizing tension in applying leg elastics
US6440246B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2002-08-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of applying curved leg elastics using rotating disks
US6540857B1 (en) 2000-08-15 2003-04-01 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of applying curved leg elastics using curved pucks
US20040098791A1 (en) * 2002-11-21 2004-05-27 Faulks Michael J. Boxer-style absorbent underpant and method of making same
US7086095B2 (en) 2002-11-21 2006-08-08 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Boxer-style absorbent underpant and method of making same
US6984279B2 (en) 2002-11-25 2006-01-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process to make boxer shorts with an absorbent core
US8147642B2 (en) 2002-12-09 2012-04-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process of making boxer shorts from a web
US8361049B2 (en) 2002-12-09 2013-01-29 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Boxer shorts and process of making boxer shorts with expandable material
US9700079B2 (en) 2002-12-09 2017-07-11 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process of making boxer shorts from a web with various leg opening shapes
US8176573B2 (en) 2002-12-09 2012-05-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Boxer shorts and process of making boxer shorts from one or more webs
US7198688B2 (en) 2002-12-09 2007-04-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process to make boxer shorts having a contracted crotch region
US8282618B2 (en) 2002-12-11 2012-10-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Disposable boxer brief
US6964238B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2005-11-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for making a garment having hanging legs
US20050145150A1 (en) * 2003-12-31 2005-07-07 Mortell Heather S. Process for making a garment having hanging legs
US9056027B2 (en) * 2007-05-18 2015-06-16 Christoph Schmitz Article comprising a flipped leg hoop and process for the manufacturing of such articles
US20100094236A1 (en) * 2007-05-18 2010-04-15 Christoph Schmitz Article comprising a flipped leg hoop and process for the manufacturing of such
US8353999B2 (en) * 2007-05-30 2013-01-15 Livedo Corporation Method of manufacturing elastic sheet, and elastic sheet and absorbent product
US20110284157A1 (en) * 2007-05-30 2011-11-24 Yuki Takahashi Method of manufacturing elastic sheet, and elastic sheet and absorbent product
US8839836B2 (en) * 2008-10-30 2014-09-23 Fameccanica.Data S.P.A. Device and method for producing sanitary products
US20110203431A1 (en) * 2008-10-30 2011-08-25 Fameaccanica.Data S.P.A. Device and method for producing sanitary products
US8764926B2 (en) 2009-04-30 2014-07-01 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Method and apparatus for manufacturing elasticated webs comprising discontinuous elastic threads
CN102458337B (en) 2009-04-30 2014-07-23 Sca卫生用品公司 Method and apparatus for manufacturing elasticated webs comprising discontinuous elastic threads
US8764927B2 (en) 2009-04-30 2014-07-01 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Method and apparatus for providing a diaper
WO2010126431A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Method and apparatus for manufacturing elasticated webs comprising discontinuous elastic threads
CN102458337A (en) * 2009-04-30 2012-05-16 Sca卫生用品公司 Method and apparatus for manufacturing elasticated webs comprising discontinuous elastic threads

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CA1275987C (en) 1990-11-06
DE3685030D1 (en) 1992-05-27
WO1988003088A1 (en) 1988-05-05
AU6520986A (en) 1988-05-25
EP0286635B1 (en) 1992-04-22
US4726873A (en) 1988-02-23
EP0464865A2 (en) 1992-01-08
JPH0684043B2 (en) 1994-10-26
EP0464865A3 (en) 1992-08-26
US4946539A (en) 1990-08-07
EP0286635A1 (en) 1988-10-19
JPH01501378A (en) 1989-05-18
AU613861B2 (en) 1991-08-15
EP0286635A4 (en) 1989-02-16
EP0464865B1 (en) 1998-07-22

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3665921A (en) Disposable diaper with improved liner material
US5634216A (en) Elastic laminated sheet for socks
US6406468B1 (en) Mechanical fastening tapes and method for their construction
CA1239753A (en) Tampon for female hygiene, and a process and apparatus for the manufacture thereof
AU729013B2 (en) Finger grip for a fastening system and a method of making the same
US4105491A (en) Process and apparatus for the manufacture of embossed film laminations
US6596107B2 (en) Process and apparatus for making a pre-fastened diaper
US5556504A (en) Apparatus for placing discrete parts transversely onto a moving web
USRE37154E1 (en) Method of manufacturing disposable underpants by applying annular adhesive zones to the backsheet and top sheet for retaining elastic for leg holes
US4023571A (en) Non-planar arcuate shaped absorbent liner
US6139004A (en) Assembly and method for rotating and placing strip of material on a substrate
US4293367A (en) Apparatus for effecting securement of a transversely moved elastic ribbon to a moving web
US5110386A (en) Method of forming parts of products to be worn
CA1282554C (en) Elastic leg diaper and method and apparatus for its manufacture
CN1124831C (en) Method of making prefastened disposable absorbent articles
CA2631018C (en) Methods and apparatus for application of nested zero waste ear to traveling web
US6808789B2 (en) Breathable elastic polymeric film laminates
EP0151348B1 (en) Inelastic, heat-elasticizable sheet material
US7501034B2 (en) Method for producing a corrugated stretch laminate
US8186296B2 (en) Methods and apparatus for applying adhesives in patterns to an advancing substrate
US4640859A (en) Inelastic, heat-elasticizable sheet material for diapers
US4527990A (en) Elasticized garment and method for its manufacture
US5788805A (en) Apparatus for producing elasticized products
CA1307244C (en) Apparatus for applying an elastic waistband transversely of a longitudinally moving web
US4507163A (en) Imparting an inelastic and elastic character to predetermined portions of an elastic web for use in making disposable diapers

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 8

AS Assignment

Owner name: KIMBERLY-CLARK WORLDWIDE, INC., WISCONSIN

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KIMBERLY-CLARK CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:008519/0919

Effective date: 19961130

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 12