US472309A - Steam-generator - Google Patents

Steam-generator Download PDF

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US472309A
US472309A US472309DA US472309A US 472309 A US472309 A US 472309A US 472309D A US472309D A US 472309DA US 472309 A US472309 A US 472309A
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tubes
steam
water
drums
boiler
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B21/00Water-tube boilers of vertical or steeply-inclined type, i.e. the water-tube sets being arranged vertically or substantially vertically
    • F22B21/02Water-tube boilers of vertical or steeply-inclined type, i.e. the water-tube sets being arranged vertically or substantially vertically built-up from substantially straight water tubes
    • F22B21/12Water-tube boilers of vertical or steeply-inclined type, i.e. the water-tube sets being arranged vertically or substantially vertically built-up from substantially straight water tubes involving two or more upper drums and two or more lower drums, e.g. with crosswise-arranged water-tube sets in abutting connections with drums
    • F22B21/126Water-tube boilers of vertical or steeply-inclined type, i.e. the water-tube sets being arranged vertically or substantially vertically built-up from substantially straight water tubes involving two or more upper drums and two or more lower drums, e.g. with crosswise-arranged water-tube sets in abutting connections with drums involving more than two lower or upper drums

Description

( l 3 SheetS- Sheet 1.
O. D. MOSHER.
STEAM GENERATOR.
No. 472,309.. Patented Apr. 5, 1892.
MT/VEESES.
(No Model.) 3 SheetsSheet 2.
C. D. MOSHER. v
STEAM GENERATOR.
No. 472,309. Patented Apr. 5,1892.
(No Model.) 3 SheetsSheet 3 d. D@MOSHER. STEAM GENERATOR- No. 472,309. Patented Apr. 5, 1892.
Fig. P.
NITED STATES PATENT riucn.
CHARLES D. MOSHER, OF AMESBURY, MASSACHUSETTS.
STEAM-G EN ERATO R.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 472,309, dated April 5, 1892. Application filed December 1, 1891. Serial No. 413,719. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, CHARLES D. MOSHER, of Alnesbury, in the county of Essex and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Steam-Generators, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to boilers of the type shown in Letters Patent of the United States granted to me July 22, 1890, No. 432,760, said patent showing a steam generator or boiler comprising two water-drums located at or near the level of the grate and at opposite sides thereof, two steam-drums located above the water-drums and at opposite sides of the center of the fire-space above the grate, and bent tubes connecting the water-drums with the steam-drums, some of said tubes being arranged close together in rows constituting walls, while other tubes are separated by spaces and are arranged within the inclosure surrounded by said walls.
The present invention has for its object, first, to enable the boiler of the general construction shown in said patent to be treated as two separate boilers or sections, each comprising one of the water-drums, the tubes rising therefrom, and the steam-drum connected with the upper ends of said tubes, and each capable of being shut off or disconnected from the other, so that one part or section constituting one half or side of the boiler may be supplied with more water than the other for the purpose of increasing the weight of one side of the boiler and thereby counteracting the tendency of the vessel to take a permanent heel when impelled by a single screw driven at ahigh speed. In high-powered sin gle-screw vessels designed to attain a high rate of speed the resistance offered by the water to the revolution of the screw causes the vessel to take a permanent heel varying with the power applied. Hence by providing a boiler adapted to be separated into two sections and loading one of said sections more heavily than the other I am enabled to readily compensate for the tendency of the vessel to heel permanently and keep the vessel normally on an even keel.
My invention also has for its object to provide such an arrangement of the tubes connecting the water and steam drums as that the heated gases in passing among said tubes in their course from the fire to the stack will be prevented from acting on the upper portions of said tubes, which portions, containing usually only steam, are liable to be burned out by a degree of heat which will not injuriously affect their lower portions containing water. These results I attain by the improvements which I will now proceed to describe.
Of the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, Figure 1 represents a partial end elevation and partial section of a boiler provided with my improvements. Fig. 2 represents a section on line 2 2, Fig. 1. Fig. 3 represents a section on line 3 3, Fig. l, and a top view of the portion of the boiler shown in elevation in Fig. 1. Fig. 4 represents a section en line 4 4, Fig. 1.
The same letters and numerals of reference indicate the same parts in all the figures.
In the drawings, a represents the grate of the furnace or fire-box.
b I) represent the water-drums located at opposite sides of the grate, and c 0' represent the steam-drums elevated above the water drums and located at opposite sides of the fire-space over the grate.
The water-drums are connected with the steam-dru ms by tubes rising from the upper portions of the water-drums and entering the steam-drums above the center lines'thereof, there being two distinct series of tubesthat is to say, the tubes conneotin g one water-drum with the corresponding steam-drum are distinct from the tubes that connect the other water-drum and steam-drum. Each series of limit of the series, said wall being close to the casing 61 and serving to protect said casing from injury by the heated gases. The tubes 6 6 6 at the inner side of the series are also arranged to form a close or practically continuous wall, their lower ends being arranged close together to prevent the gases from the fire-box from passing between them. While above said lower ends said tubes are in contact with each other. The wall formed by the tubes 6 extends from the end of the fire-box containing the fire-doors oviz., the righthand end, as viewed in Figs. 3 and 4.partly, but not entirely, to the opposite end, the innor tubes 7 7 '7 at nearest the opposite end of the fire-box being staggeret or bent so that they are separated by spaces 8, Figs. 1 and 3, through which the products of combustion pass to the space between the outer and inner tubes of the series. This arrangement presents a continuous wall of tubes 6, extending from the fire-door end of the fire-box, compelling the products of combustion to pass from said end, as indicated by the full-line arrows in Fig. 4, partly to the opposite end of the fire-box, and a broken or open row of tubes 7 through which the products of combustion can pass to the space between the outer and inner tubes, as indicated by the curved arrows, partly dotted, in Fig. 4, and by the arrows in Fig. 3.
The space between the outer and inner tubes contains a large number of separated tubes fl and constitutes a line or passage along which the products of combustion pass toward the fire-door of the boiler on their way to the stack g, as indicated by the dotted arrows in Fig. 4, the tubes 7 and 9 and the inner sides of the tubes 5 and (5 being acted on by the products of combustion passing through the lines. In the upper portion of said fine is a transverse wall or baffle-1 late composed of several tubes 10, which are arranged in contact with each other and form a continuous row or wall of tubes across the flue, (see Figs. 2 and 4,) the location of said wall being indicated by the dotted line i 2' in Fig. l. Said wall extends from the top of the casing d to about the level of the lowest portions of the steam-drums, the tubes 10, that compose the wall or bat'fleplate, being arranged below said point, so that the products of combustion can pass freely between them, as shown in'Fig. 3. The object of said baffle-plate is to prevent the heated products of combustion from rising to the highest part of the fine between the inn er and outer tubes, the baffle-plate. causing the current to drop downwardly and pass below the level of the steam-drums before reaching the stack, as indicated by the dotted arrows in Fig. 4-. The force of the draft, therefore, causes the main volume of the products of combustion to flow in the most direct course toward the lower end of the battle-plate, and thus prevent the more highly-heated products of combustion from reaching the higher parts of the tubes, which contain, chiefly, steam, said higher parts receiving only what is technically known as a soaking heat, due to radiation and not to the direct action of the current of hot gases. The lower portions of the tubes, includingthose forming the baftie-plate, which are subjected to the direct action of the products of combustion, are filled with water. Hence the hotter gases are directed only on those tube-surfaces which are in contact with water, the heat beingtherefore applied to the best advantage. The bathe-plate formed of tubes, as described, is much more durable than a solid plate not formed to contain water, it being free from liability to be burned out.
The water-drum b is connected with the water-drum Z) by transverse pipes j j, extending across the tire-box at the front and rear ends of the grate. From each of these pipes rise a series of tubes 20, communicating at their upper ends with the steam-drums, one half of the tubes from each pipe 3' being connected with the drum 0 and the other half with the drum 0. The tubes 20 are arranged to form a close wall of tubes at the end of the fire-box opposite the fire-door end, as shown 1n F1g. 3, said wall being interrupted or having an opening formed at 70, Figs. 1 and 3, by the bending of the lower portions of the tubes 20 to accommodate a valve on, hereinafter referred to. The tubes 20 at the fire-door end of the fire-box do not extend across the the box, their number being necessarily limited to avoid the fire-doors o.
The ends of the steam-dru ms are connected with the ends of the water-drums outside the casing of the boilerbyreturn-pipesqq. Each steani-drum has a steam-pipe 0' and a suitable separator to separate the entrained water from the steam, said separator being preferably constructed as shown in Letters Patent. No. 454,981, granted to me June 30, 1891. The ends of the steam-pipcs of the two steamdrums are connected by transverse pipes '7' with the pipe r that conducts the steam to the engine.
To enable the boiler above described to be divided into two distinct halves or sections, each having no connection with the other, I
,provide at the center of each pipej, connecting the water-drums, a shut-01f valve .9, said valve being adapted to entirely close the pipes j j, so that water cannot pass from one drum to the other. I also provide valves 15, adapted to shut off each steam-pipe r from the main pipe 7*, said valves 15 being intended for use in case it is necessary entirely to discontinue the use of one side of the boiler, as in case of the breakage of tubes or other disability. In case of the discontinuance of the use of one side of the boiler it will be desirable to run the other side moderately to avoid liability of burning out tubes of the discontinued side.
It will be seen that when the valves 8 are closed the two sides of the boiler may be treated as independent boilers, either half of the boiler being adapted to be shut off wholly from the other half and from the steam-pipe 0' in case of disability. This is an important advantage, since it obviates the necessity of stopping the engine when one half of the boiler and not the other is disabled.
Another important advantage resulting from the divisibility of the boiler into two sections is that both sides may be kept in operation, one side being supplied with more water than the other to trim the vessel when the revolution of the screw at a high speed tends to give the vessel a permanent heel, the fact being, as previously stated, that in very highpowcred single-screw vessels, such as the latest torpedo-boats, the resistance of the water ITO to the revolution of the screw gives the vessel a permanent heel, the angle of which varies with the work on the screw. It will be seen, therefore, that by the described construction of the boiler, whereby a preponderance of Water may be accumulated in either side of the boiler, affords a convenient and easily-controlled means for correcting the tendency of the vessel to heel under the influence of the screw. WVhen the vessel is running at moderate speed, the tendency to heel does not exist, and the valves 8 may then be opened and permit communication between the waterdrums, so that the whole may be run as one boiler.
I claim- 1. As an improvement in a boiler or steamgenerator composed of water drums b b, steam-drums c c, and tubes connecting said drums with the pipes, some of said tubes being arranged to form walls, inclosing fines or passages extending along the sides of the firebox and adapted to conduct the products of combustion from one end of the fire-box to a stack over the opposite end of the fire-box, the improved baffle-plates formed toobstruct the upper portions of said flues, said baffle-plates being composed of tubes formed and arranged to constitute walls extending across the upper portions of said fiues, the lower portions of said tubes being separated to permit the free passage of the products of combustion below said baffle-plates, as set forth.
2. A boiler comprising in its construction two water-drums, two steam-drums located above the water-drums, pipes connecting the water-drums, return-pipes connecting the water and steam drums, tubes connecting the water-drums with the steam-drums, each waterdrum being connected with the corresponding steam-drum by an independent series of tubes,
d rums, each of said steam-pipes having a valve whereby it may be shut off, the valve in the water-drum-connecting pipes and in the steam-pipes enabling either side of the boiler to be entirely out off from communicat on both with the other side of the boiler and with the engine, as set forth.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification, in the presence ot two subscribing witnesses, this 4th day of November, A. D. 1891.
CHARLES D. MOSHER. Witnesses:
0. F. BRowN,
A. D. HARRISON.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2670721A (en) * 1949-02-08 1954-03-02 Piperno Guglielmo Water tube boiler

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2670721A (en) * 1949-02-08 1954-03-02 Piperno Guglielmo Water tube boiler

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