US460342A - Reversible sash - Google Patents

Reversible sash Download PDF

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US460342A
US460342A US460342DA US460342A US 460342 A US460342 A US 460342A US 460342D A US460342D A US 460342DA US 460342 A US460342 A US 460342A
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Prior art keywords
sash
strips
strip
plate
stud
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/32Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing
    • E06B3/50Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing with more than one kind of movement
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/54Hinge including means to hold or retard hinged members against pivotal movement [e.g., catch]
    • Y10T16/5402Resiliently biased catch
    • Y10T16/54024Resiliently biased catch having discrete manipulatable release means [e.g., lever]
    • Y10T16/540247Sliding release means or lever-actuated sliding catch

Description

2 Sheets-Sheet 1.. M. MGVIUKAR. REVERSIBLE SASH.
(No Model.)
No. 460.342. Patented Sept. 29, 1891.
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
M. MOVICKAR. REVERSIBLE SASH.
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
MATTHEll MCVIOKAR, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
REVERSIBLE. SA SH.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 460,342, dated September 29, 1891. Application filed November 1'7, 1890- Serial No. 371,684. (No model.)
To ctZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, MATTHEW MCVICKAR, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city and countyof-Philadelphia, State of Pen nsylvania, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Reversible Sashes, which improvement is fully set forth in the following specification and accompanying drawings.
My invention relates to improvements in windo\ sashes; and it consists of a reversible sash having novel means for adjusting itsposition in the window-frame.
It further consists of the combination of parts hereinafter described.
Figure 1 represents a perspective view of a portion of a reversible sash having means for locking the same in adjusted position, as embodied in my invention. Fig. 2 represents a view of a vertical section of a portion of the sash-frame on line a: 00, Fig. 4, showing the pivotal and locking mechanism. Fig. 3 rep resents a view on'the same sect onal line as shown in Fig. 2, the parts of the locking mechanism being in a different position. Fig. 4 represents a horizontal section 011 line 3 1 Fig. 2. Fig. 5 represents a vertical section on line 2 a, Fig. 6. Fig. 6 represents a vertical sect-ion of the locking-plates on line 1; 1;, Fig. 5. Fig. 7 represents perspective views of the looking mechanism, the parts being separated.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several figures.
Referring to the drawings, A designates a reversible window-sash, and B the Windowframe therefor. The side stiles of the sash are formed of two strips or pieces 0 and D, having a tongue-and-groove joint D, so that each side of the sash when the latteris closed is substantially integral. The strip 0 is located between the beadsE and F of the frame, and has at its back between it and the frame a recess G when the sash is closed.
Secured to the strip C is abearing-plate H, having an angular opening J therein. The strip D of side stiles is provided with a slot K and has secured to it a plate L, having a slot M and a stud N, the latter having an angular inner end N adapted to closely fit in said angular opening J in the plate I-I.
Pivoted in the ears P on the plate L is a cam-lever Q, projecting through the slot M and having its cam end Q bearing against the plate H and its handle end extending through the slot K and projecting on the inner face of the sash-stile, so as to be convenient for operation. The outer end of the stud N, beyond the angular inner part N thereof,is cylindrical and has bearing in the opening J of plate ll, thereby forming ajournal or axis for the sash.
R designates pins located in the strips 0 of the side stiles and formed with the heads S, adapted to fit in the recesses T of the said strip. The said pins are of such length that when the sash is closed their ends are in contact with the sides of the strip D, preventing rattling of the sash. When the sash is closed, the parts are in the position shown in Fig. 2, the strips 0 and D being in contact, the angular part of the stud N being in the angular opening J, and the cylindrical part of the stud being within a chambered or recessed portion U of the strip 0. Bearing against a washer V on the stud in contact with the plate H is a coil-sprin g WV, which bears against a head X, suitably secured to the said stud.
The manner of operation of the parts is as follows: When it is desired to open the sash, the cam-lever Q is drawn down, so that the cam Q is raised, so as to bear against the plate l-I, forcing back the same, with its strip 0, in the space'between the beads E and F of the windowframe. The pushing back of the plate H from the plate L removes the said plate H from contact with the angular portion of the stud N, so that the plates are no longer locked; but the plate L is free, along with the strip D, to be rotated by means of the stud N in the opening J, thereby permitting the swinging of the sash, as desired. l/Vhen the sash is in the position desired, the lever Q is raised, so as to release the cam from hearing against the plate H, whereupon the spring W Will force the plate H and the strip (1 in contact with the plate L and the strip D, so that the angular portion of the studN will be in the angular opening J, thereby locking said plates and strips. It willbe noticed that the said strips and plates, with locking means, are employed on both sides of the sash, although shown in the drawings on but one side, the parts onthe other side being similar to the ones shown. The tongue-and-groove connection of the strips aid the locking device in keeping the sash closed. a
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. A reversible sash having each of its'side stiles consisting of two strips and provided with plates attached to said strips, oneo-t said plates having a spring-actuated stud with an angular portion and the other having an angular opening to receive said stud, one of the strips being horizontally movable in the window-frame, and a cam-lever for operating said stud, said parts being combined substantially as described.
2. A sash having each of its side stiles-consisting of two strips, one of said strips being adapted to move to and from the other strip,
which latter has a journal secured thereto and provided with a bearing in the said movable strip for purpose of horizontal adjustment, means, substantially as described, for moving the said strip, and loosely-mounted pins carried by one of said strips, said parts being combined substantially as described.
3. Asash-frarne having each of its stiles consisting of two strips, pin-s loosely carried by one of said strips, a plate with an angular opening secured to one strip, a plate with a stud-having an angular portion secured to the other strip, and a cam-lever secured to one strip and bearing against the late on the other, said parts being combined substantially as described. I
4. A sash having a side stile consisting of two strips,. a plate having an angular open-- i'ng secured to' one of the strips, and a plate \with a stud having an angular portion secured to the other strip, a coil-spring on said stud, and a cam-lever pivoted to the plate having the stud, said parts being combined substantially as described.
5. A sash having its side stiles consisting of -two strips, one being vertically guided in a frame and the other having a pivotal connection with the first strip, and pins passing through said first strip and adapted to contact with the second strip when the said sash 1 is closed, said parts being combined substantially as described.
6. A reversible sash-frame having each of 2 its side stiles composed of two strips having I a tongue-and-groove joint, one of said strips being located between beads on the windowframe and having at its back when the sash is closed a recess, and pins with heads fitting 1 in recesses in said strip, said parts being combined substantially as described.
7. A reversible sash-frame having each of its side stiles composed of two strips, a bearing-pl'ate having an angular opening fitted to one of said strips, the other strip being provided with a slot and having secured to it a slotted plate with a stud having an angular inner end, said parts being combined sir stantially as described.
8. A reversible sash-frame having each of its side sti es composed of two strips with ton gne-and-groove-joints, abeari-ng-platehaving an angular openingsecu'red to-one of said strips, the other strip being slotted and having a slotted plate with a stud adapted tofit closely in said angular'openingand ears with a cam-lever pivoted thereon and bearing against the other plate and sash, said parts being. combined substantially as described.
MATTHEW MoVlOKA-Rl.
Witnesses:
JoHN A. WIED-ERsnErM, RO'BT. Arron.
US460342D Reversible sash Expired - Lifetime US460342A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2546507A (en) * 1948-03-24 1951-03-27 Frank G Holmes Automatic freight car

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2546507A (en) * 1948-03-24 1951-03-27 Frank G Holmes Automatic freight car

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