US4549311A - Method and apparatus for measuring the strength of a radio signal frequency - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for measuring the strength of a radio signal frequency Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US4549311A
US4549311A US06714063 US71406385A US4549311A US 4549311 A US4549311 A US 4549311A US 06714063 US06714063 US 06714063 US 71406385 A US71406385 A US 71406385A US 4549311 A US4549311 A US 4549311A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
signal
means
strength
radio
receiving
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US06714063
Inventor
Michael J. McLaughlin
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Motorola Solutions Inc
Original Assignee
Motorola Solutions Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/02Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas
    • H04B7/04Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas
    • H04B7/08Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the receiving station
    • H04B7/0802Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the receiving station using antenna selection
    • H04B7/0805Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the receiving station using antenna selection with single receiver and antenna switching
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/02Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas
    • H04B7/04Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas
    • H04B7/08Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the receiving station
    • H04B7/0802Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the receiving station using antenna selection
    • H04B7/0805Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the receiving station using antenna selection with single receiver and antenna switching
    • H04B7/0808Diversity systems; Multi-antenna system, i.e. transmission or reception using multiple antennas using two or more spaced independent antennas at the receiving station using antenna selection with single receiver and antenna switching comparing all antennas before reception

Abstract

An improved method and apparatus for measuring the strength of a radio frequency (RF) signal subject to Rayleigh fading is described. The strength of the RF signal is sampled two or more times during a predetermined time interval and the sampled signal strength having the largest magnitude is selected. The selected signal strength is a reasonably accurate measure of the signal strength since the true average strength of a Rayleigh fading signal is close to its peak signal strength. The inventive method and apparatus is particularly well adapted for use in a scanning receiver located in a base station radio of a cellular radiotelephone communications system. The scanning receiver includes an antenna selector for selecting one of a plurality of sector antennas, an RF signal receiver tunable to a plurality of different RF signal frequencies, an analog-to-digital converter for converting RF signal strength samples to a binary data signal, and a microprocessor together with peripheral devices for controlling the operation of the antenna selector, RF signal receiver and analog-to-digital converter.

Description

This is a continuation of application Ser. No. 405,123, filed Aug. 3, 1982 now abandoned.

RELATED PATENT APPLICATIONS

The present invention is related to co-pending U.S. patent application, U.S. patent application Ser. No. 576,805 (corresponding to U.S. Pat. No. 4,485,486) entitled "Method and Apparatus for Assigning Duplex Radio Channels and Scanning Duplex Radio Channels Assigned to Mobile and Portable Radiotelephones in a Cellular Radiotelephone System", invented by Larry C. Puhl and Ronald J. Webb, and assigned to same assignee and filed the same date as the instant invention. By reference thereto, the foregoing related U.S. patent application is incorporated in its entirety into the written description of the present invention.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates generally to radio frequency (RF) signal strength measuring apparatus, and more particularly to an improved method and apparatus for measuring the strength of an RF signal subject to rapid and deep fading, such as Rayleigh fading.

In the prior art, the strength of RF signals has been determined by averaging a number of samples taken either by an analog meter or an analog-to-digital converter. The resulting signal strength is reasonably accurate as long as the RF signal is not subject to rapid and deep fading. However, if an RF signal is subject to rapid and deep fading and only a few signal strength samples are taken, a signal strength sample taken during a deep fade will cause a large error in the computed average signal strength. The effects of a sample taken during a deep fade can be alleviated somewhat by taking a large number of samples over a relatively long time interval. However, in radio systems where it is necessary to quickly measure the signal strength of many different RF signals subject to Rayleigh fading, the average of a small number of signal strength samples will not accurately reflect the true average signal strength due to the errors introduced by samples taken during deep fades.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved method and apparatus for accurately measuring in a relatively short time period the strength of an RF signal subject to rapid and deep fading.

It is another object of the present invention to provide an improved method and apparatus for accurately measuring the signal strength of a plurality of RF signals that are being received by a plurality of antennas.

Briefly described, the present invention encompasses a method for measuring the signal strength of an RF signal that is subject to Rayleigh fading. The inventive method comprises the steps of sampling the strength of an RF signal N times over a predetermined time interval, where N is an integer number greater than one, and selecting the sampled signal strength having the largest magnitude. The sample having the largest magnitude is a good estimate of the signal strength, since the true average signal strength is reasonably close to the peak signal strength and is relatively unaffected by the Rayleigh fading. Improved apparatus for measuring the strength of an RF signal comprises a receiver for receiving an RF signal, circuitry for sampling the received RF signal N times over a predetermined time interval, where N is an integer number greater than one, and circuitry for selecting the sampled signal strength having the largest magnitude.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a radio communications system that may advantageously utilize the signal strength measuring apparatus of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a scanning receiver including signal strength measuring apparatus embodying the present invention.

FIG. 3 illustrates the envelope of an RF signal that is experiencing Rayleigh fading.

FIG. 4 is a flow chart illustrating the signal strength measuring method of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring to FIG. 1, there is illustrated a cellular radiotelephone communications system of the type described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,663,762, 3,906,166; in an experimental cellular radiotelephone system application filed under Docket No. 18262 with the Federal Communications Commission by Motorola and American Radio-Telephone Service, Inc. in February 1977; and more recently in a system description entitled "Motorola DYNATAC Cellular Radiotelephone Systems", published by Motorola, Inc., Schaumburg, Ill., in 1982. Such cellular systems can provide telephone coverage to both mobile and portable radiotelephones located throughout a large geographical area. Portable radiotelephones may be of the type described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,962,553 and 3,906,166 and in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 187,304 (now U.S. Pat. No. 4,486,624, filed Sept. 15, 1980, invented by Larry C. Puhl et al, entitled "Microprocessor Controlled Radiotelephone Transceiver", and assigned to the instant assignee; and mobile radiotelephones may be of the type described in Motorola instruction manual number 68P81039E25, published by Motorola Service Publications, Schaumburg, Ill., 1979. The geographical area may be subdivided into cells 10, 20 and 30, which each may include a base station radio 111, 121 and 131 and an associated base site controller 112, 122 and 132. Base site controllers 112, 122 and 132 are each coupled by data and voice links to a radiotelephone control terminal 140, which may be similar to the terminals described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,663,762, 3,764,915, 3,819,872, 3,906,166 and 4,268,722. These data and voice links may be provided by dedicated wire lines, pulse-code-modulated carrier lines, microwave radio channels, or other suitable communication links. Control terminal 140 is in turn coupled to a conventional telephone central office 150 for completing telephone calls between mobile and portable radiotelephones and landline telephones.

Each base station radio 111, 121 and 131 in FIG. 1 includes a plurality of transmitters and receivers for operating on at least one duplex signalling channel and a plurality of duplex voice channels. Base station 111, 121 and 131 may be of the type described in Motorola instruction manual number 68P81060E30, published by Motorola Service Publications, Motorola, Inc., Schaumburg, Ill., in 1982. Base station radios 111, 121 and 131 are located substantially at the center of each of the corresponding cells 10, 20 and 30. The base station transmitters may be combined onto one omni-directional antenna, while the base station receivers may be intercoupled to two or more directional or omni-directional sector antennas. In FIG. 1, the base station radios 111, 121 and 131 each include six 60° sector antennas. Each sector antenna primarily covers a portion of a cell, such as portion 21 of cell 20, and typically has a coverage area that overlaps the coverage area of adjacent sector antennas. Since the signalling channel requires an omni-directional receiving pattern, the signals received by the six sector antennas may be combined by a maximal ratio predetection diversity combiner, as illustrated and described in the instant assignee's co-pending U.S. patent applications: Ser. No. 22,757, (now U.S. Pat. No. 4,369,520) filed on Mar. 22, 1979, entitled "Instantaneously Acquiring Sector Anntena System" and invented by Frank J. Cerny, Jr. and James J. Mikulski; and Ser. No. 268,613, filed on June 1, 1981, now abandoned in favor of Ser. No. 493,802, filed on May 12, 1983, which is also now abandoned in favor of Ser. No. 580,775, filed on Feb. 21, 1984, entitled "Large Dynamic Range Multiplier for a Maximal-Ratio Diversity Combiner", and invented by Frank J. Cerny, Jr. Furthermore, coverage of a portion of a cell may be provided by combining the signals received by two or more of the sector antennas. The sector antennas and associated receiving apparatus may be of the type described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,101,836 and 4,317,229.

In order to determine whether or not a mobile or portable radiotelephone leaves one cell, e.g. 20, and enters another, e.g. 10 or 30, the signal strength of the mobile or portable radiotelephone must be monitored by the base site controller 122. When the signal stength of a mobile or portable radiotelephone becomes too weak, the mobile or portable radiotelephone can be handed off to a base site controller 112 or 132 in another cell. Hand off involves transferring a particular mobile or portable radiotelephone from a duplex voice channel in one cell to a duplex voice channel in another cell. By utilizing the present invention, the strength of an RF signal can be quickly and accurately measured for each operating mobile and portable radiotelephone so that a particular mobile or portable radiotelephone can be reliably handed off before communications with it are degraded or interrupted due to weak signal conditions.

Since the RF signal frequencies utilized in the cellular system in FIG. 1 are typically above 800 mHz, the RF signals are subject to random, deep and rapid fading, commonly referred to as Rayleigh fading. Thus, the problem of accurately determining the strength of RF signals from mobile and portable radiotelephones is complicated not only by the fact that there may be a large number of mobile and portable radiotelephones to monitor, but also by the fact that the RF signal from the mobile and portable radiotelephones is subject to Rayleigh fading. In other words, the base site controllers 112, 122 and 132 must be capable of rapidly and accurately measuring the signal strength from a large number of mobile and portable radiotelephones to prevent communications with them from being unacceptably degraded or interrupted. By utilizing the present invention, a reasonably accurate measure of the signal strength from operating mobile and portable radiotelephones can be obtained by sampling the strength of the RF signal from each mobile and portable radiotelephone at least two times during a predetermined time interval and selecting the sampled signal strength for each that has the largest magnitude. As illustrated by the RF signal envelope in FIG. 3, the peak signal strength for each mobile and portable radiotelephone is a reasonably accurate measure of the signal strength since the peak signal strength is relatively close to the true average signal strength. Moreover, the peak signal strength is closer to the true average signal strength than an average of a number of signal strength samples that includes a sample taken in a null. Thus, according to the present invention, a scanning receiver can be coupled to the sector antennas of each base station radio 111, 121, and 131 for periodically measuring the peak signal strength of each operating mobile and portable radiotelephone in each cell 10, 20 and 30.

Referring to FIG. 2, there is illustrated a scanning receiver embodying the present invention. The scanning receiver may be part of base station radios 111, 121 and 131 in FIG. 1. The scanning receiver in FIG. 2 includes an antenna selector 102 that is coupled to each of six sector antennas of the base station radio. Binary input signals applied to antenna selector 102 by peripheral interface adapter (PIA) 108 cause antenna selector 102 to couple a selected one of the six sector antennas to receiver 104. The sector antennas and antenna selector 102 may be any conventional apparatus, such as that described in the aforementioned U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,101,836 and 4,317,229.

Receiver 104 may be a conventional synthesized receiver (such as the scanning receiver in the aforementioned Motorola instruction manual no. 68P81060E30), whose frequency of reception may be determined by an eleven-bit data signal applied to receiver 104 by PIA 108. The eleven-bit data signal is strobed into a register (not shown) of receiver 104 by a strobe signal from PIA 108. An output from receiver 104, which is proportional to the instantaneous strength of the RF signal being received (eg., such as the output of an envelope detector), is coupled to analog-to-digital converter (ADC) 106, which converts the magnitude of the receiver output to an eight-bit data signal. ADC 106 is controlled by PIA 110, which applies a start signal to ADC 106 for initiating the analog-to-digital conversion process. ADC 106 is also coupled to 600 kHz oscillator 112, and completes a conversion in approximately 120 microseconds. When the analog-to-digital conversion is complete, a complete signal is applied to PIA 110 by ADC 106. ADC 106 may be any suitable conventional analog-to-digital converter, such as, for example, an ADC0803 manufactured by National Semiconductor Corp.

The operation of the scanning receiver in FIG. 2 is controlled by microprocessor 114. Microprocessor 114 may be any sutiable conventional microprocessor, such as, for example, a Motorola type MC6800 microprocessor. At predetermined time intervals, microprocessor 114 executes the flow chart in FIG. 4 for measuring the signal strength of all active mobile and portable radiotelephones in its cell. Upon completion of the flowchart in FIG. 4, microprocessor 114 has measured and stored the signal strength for each active mobile and portable radiotelephone and has determined which of the six sector antennas is receiving the strongest RF signal from each active mobile and portable radiotelephone.

Microprocessor 114 is intercoupled to PIA's 108 and 110, read only memory (ROM) 116, random access memory (RAM) 118 and data interface 120 by way of data bus 124, address bus 126 and timing signals 128. ROM 116 stores a control program including subroutines for measuring the signal strength of active mobile and portable radiotelephones, such as the subroutine in the Appendix hereinbelow. RAM 118 is a scratch pad memory used during execution of the control program amd subroutines. Data interface 120 provides a conventional data link between the scanning receiver in FIG. 2 and other processing circuitry in the base site controllers 112, 122 and 132 in FIG. 1. Microprocessor 114, PIA's 108 and 110, ROM 116, RAM 118, data interface 120 can each be provided by conventional integrated circuit devices, such as those described in the "Motorola Microprocessor Data Manual", published by the MOS Integrated Circuits Group of the Microprocessor Division of Motorola, Inc., Austin, Tex. in 1981. For example, microprocessor 114 may be a Motorola type MC6800 microprocessor, PIA's 108 and 110 a Motorola type MC6821 peripheral interface adapter, ROM 116 a Motorola type MCM68A316 2KX8 ROM, RAM 118 two Motorola type MCM2114 1KX4 RAM's, and data interface 120, a Motorola type MC6850 or MC6852 data adapter.

Referring to FIG. 4, a flow chart of the control program for microprocessor 114 in FIG. 2 is illustrated. The flow chart may be executed periodically with all of the transmitting frequencies of active mobile and portable radiotelephones. Entering at START block 402, and proceeding to block 404, one of the active frequencies is loaded into receiver 104 in FIG. 2. Next, at block 406, the SCAN subroutine in the Appendix hereinbelow is executed. The SCAN subroutine samples each sector antenna a number of times determined by the variable COUNT and stores the largest sample for each sector antenna sequentially beginning at address IDAT. The scanning is repeated twenty-five times to provide some time diversity between signal strength measurements for each sector antenna. Then, at block 408, the sector antenna having the largest sample is identified by comparing the six samples stored at addresses IDAT, IDAT+1, IDAT+2, IDAT+3, IDAT+4 and IDAT+5. The selected sector antenna and its sampled signal strength may be stored in a location associated with the mobile or portable radiotelephone operating on the particular frequency. Next, at decision block 410, a check is made to see if all operating frequencies have been scanned. If all operating frequencies have been scanned, YES branch is taken to RETURN block 412. Otherwise, NO branch is taken to block 404 for scanning the next operating frequency.

In summary, an improved method and apparatus for accurately measuring in a relatively short period of time the strength of an RF signal subject to Rayleigh fading has been described. The inventive method and apparatus is particularly well adapted for use in cellular radiotelephone systems, where it necessary to quickly and accurately measure the signal strength of mobile and portable radiotelephones so that communications with them can be maintained as they move from cell to cell.

APPENDIX

Table I hereinbelow illustrates a suitable program for the SCAN subroutine referred to in block 406 in the flow chart in FIG. 4. The program is coded in mnemonic instructions for the Motorola type MC6800 microprocessor, which mnemonic instructions can be assembled into machine code instructions by a suitable assembler. The mnemonic instructions and operation of the Motorola type MC6800 microprocessor are described in further detail in a publication entitled, "Programming the 6800 Microprocessor", by R. W. Southern, published in 1977 and available from Motorola Semiconductor Products Inc., Literature Distribution Center, P.O. Box 20924, Phoenix, AZ 85036.

                                  TABLE I__________________________________________________________________________SCAN SUBROUTINE__________________________________________________________________________*    THIS SUBROUTINE TAKES SIGNAL STRENGTH MEASURE-*    MENTS FROM SIX SECTOR ANTENNAS AND STORES THE*    LARGEST VALUE FOR EACH SECTOR. TWENTY FIVE*    SCANS THROUGH THE SIX SECTORS ARE TAKEN0100             ORG  $100D000       PIA1  EQU  $D000 SIGNAL STRENGTH                       MEASUREMENTE002       PIA2  EQU  $E002 SECTOR SELECTION0100       IDAT  RMB  6     TABLE OF SIGNAL                       STRENGTH MAXIMA0106       COUNT RMB  2     NO. OF SAMPLES                       PER SECTOR0108       TABAD RMB  2     DATA ADDRESS IN                       TABLE010A       SECTOR            RMB  1     SECTOR SELECTED010B   00 50   DEND  FDB  $50   WAIT INTERVAL010D       CNT   RMB  1     SCAN NUMBER**    SELECT SECTOR AND KEEP TRACK OF THE NUMBER*    OF SCANS THROUGH SIX SECTORS*1000       ORG   $10001000   CE 01 00      SCAN  LDX  #IDAT BEGINNING                       ADDRESS                       OF DATA1003   FF 01 08      STX  TABAD1006   6F 00         CLR  X     CLEAR TABLE                       OF MAXIMA1008   6F 01         CLR  1,X100A   6F 02         CLR  2,X100C   6F 03         CLR  3,X100E   6F 04         CLR  4,X1010   6F 05         CLR  5,X1012   7F 01 0D      CLR  CNT1015   C6 01         LDA B                 #1    GENERATE FIRST                       SECTOR NUMBER1017   20 1B         BRA  N21019   F6 01 0A      M1    LDA B                 SECTOR                       CALCULATE NEXT                       SECTOR ADDRESS101C   5C            INC B101D   C1 06   M2    CMP B                 #6    HAVE ALL SIX                       SECTORS                       BEEN SCANNED101F   23 13         BLS  N21021   CE 01 00      LDX  #IDAT REINITIALIZE                       POINTER TO TABLE1024   FF 01 08      STX  TABAD1027   7C 01 0D      INC  CNT   HAVE 25 SCANS                       THROUGH THE                       6 SECTORS BEEN                       COMPLETED?102A   B6 01 0D      LDA A                 CNT102D   81 19         CMP A                 #25   NO102F   2D 01         BLT  M61031   39            RTS        YES1032   C6 01   M6    LDA B                 #11034   F7 01 0A      N2    STA B                 SECTOR1037   F7 E0 02      STA B                 PIA2  SELECT SECTOR103A   CE 00 00      LDX  #0103D   08      WT    INX        WAIT FOR COMPLE-                       TION OF SECTOR                       SWITCHING103E   BC 01 0B      CPX  DEND1041   26 FA         BNE  WT**    TAKE SIGNAL STRENGTH SAMPLES ON SELECTED*    SECTOR AND RETAIN LARGEST VALUE*1043   FE 01 08      LDX  TABAD GET MAXIMUM FROM                       PREVIOUS SCAN1046   E6 00         LDA B                 X1048   FE 01 06      LDX  COUNT104B   B6 D0 00      LDA A                 PIA1  CLEAR INPUT FLAG104E   B6 D0 01      LOOP  LDA A                 PIA1+1                       WAIT FOR A/D                       CONVERSION                       COMPLETE1051   2A FB         BPL  LOOP1053   B6 D0 00      LDA A                 PIA1  READ SAMPLE                       VALUE1056   11            CBA        IS NEW SAMPLE                       LARGEST?1057   23 01         BLS  N3    NO1059   16            TAB        YES105A   09      N3    DEX        HAVE ALL SAMPLES                       BEEN TAKEN?105B   26 F1         BNE  LOOP105D   FE 01 08      LDX  TABAD STORE LARGEST                       SIGNAL STRENGTH                       SAMPLE VALUE IN                       THE TABLE1060   E7 00         STA B                 X1062   08            INX1063   FF 01 08      STX  TABAD1066   7E 10 19      JMP  M11069             END__________________________________________________________________________

Claims (30)

I claim:
1. A method of determining for a plurality of radio channels which of a plurality of antennas is receiving the strongest radio frequency (RF) signal experiencing to Rayleigh fading and transmitted from a plurality of remote stations each having an unknown location in a geographical area and transmitting on a different one of the radio channels, each of said antennas receiving RF signals from a corresponding portion of the geographical area and couplable to receiving means having an output signal, said method comprising the steps of:
(a) tuning said receiving means to each of the radio channels in sequence; and
(b) for each radio channel:
(i) coupling said receiving means to each antenna in a predetermined sequence;
(ii) sampling the receiving means ouput signal N times while coupled for a predetermined time interval to each antenna, where N is an integer number greater than one; and
(iii) after sampling all antennas, selecting for communications on the radio channel the antenna for which at least one of its N samples has a magnitude greater than the magnitude of any of the N samples for all other antennas.
2. The method according to claim 1, further including the step of repeating said step (b) after a predetermined time.
3. The method according to claim 15, further including the step of repeating said step (b) at consecutive predetermined time intervals.
4. The method according to claim 1, wherein said sampling step (ii) further includes the step of converting each sample of the receiving means output signal to a digitized sample.
5. The method according to claim 1, wherein said selecting step (iii) further includes the steps of:
selecting the largest sample for each antenna; and
selecting for communications on the radio channel the antenna whose largest sample has a magnitude greater than the magnitude of the largest samples of all other antennas.
6. Apparatus for determining for a plurality of radio channels which of a plurality of antennas is receiving the strongest radio frequency (RF) signal experiencing Rayleigh fading and transmitted from a plurality of remote stations each having an unknown location in a geographical area and transmitting on a different one of the radio channels, each of said antennas receiving RF signals from a corresponding portion of the geographical area and couplable to receiving means having an output signal, said apparatus comprising:
means for tuning said receiving means to each of the radio channels in sequence;
means for coupling for each radio channel said receiving means to each antenna in a predetermined sequence;
means for sampling for each radio channel the receiving means output signal N times while coupled for a predetermined time interval to each antenna, where N is an integer number greater than one; and
means for selecting for communications on each radio channel the antenna for which at least one of its N samples has a magnitude greater than the magnitude of any of the N samples for all other antennas.
7. The apparatus according to claim 6, wherein said sampling means takes a second set of N samples of the receiving means output signal for each antenna after a predetermined time.
8. The apparatus according to claim 6, wherein said sampling means takes additional sets of N samples of the receiving means output signal for each antenna during consecutive predetermined time intervals.
9. The apparatus according to claim 6, wherein said sampling means further includes means for converting each sample of the receiving means output signal to a digitized sample.
10. The apparatus according to claim 6, wherein said selecting means further includes means for selecting the largest sample for each antenna.
11. A method of determining for each radio channel which of a plurality of antennas is receiving the strongest radio frequency (RF) signal experiencing Rayleigh fading and transmitted from a plurality of remote stations each having an unknown location in a geographical area and transmitting on a different radio channel, each of said antennas receiving RF signals from the geographical area and couplable to receiving means having an output signal, said method comprising the steps of:
(a) tuning said receiving means to each of the radio channels in sequence; and
(b) for each radio channel:
(i) coupling said receiving means to each antenna in a predetermined sequence;
(ii) sampling the receiving means output signal N times while coupled for a predetermined time interval to each antenna, where N is an integer number greater than one; and
(iii) after sampling all antennas, selecting the antenna for which at least one of its N samples has a magnitude greater than the magnitude of any of the N samples for all other antennas.
12. The method according to claim 11, further including the step of repeating said step (b) after a predetermined time.
13. The method according to claim 11, further including the step of repeating step (b) at consecutive predetermined time intervals.
14. The method according to claim 11, wherein said sampling step (ii) further includes the step of converting each sample of the receiving means output signal to a digitized sample.
15. The method according to claim 11, wherein said selecting step (iii) further includes the steps of:
selecting the largest sample for each antenna; and
selecting for communications on the radio channel the antenna whose largest sample has a magnitude greater than the magnitude of the largest samples of all other antennas.
16. Apparatus for determining for each radio channel which of a plurality of antennas is receiving the strongest radio frequency (RF) signal experiencing Rayleigh fading and transmitted from a plurality of remote stations each having an unknown location in a geographical area and transmitting on a different radio channel, each of said antennas receiving RF signals from the geographical area and couplable to receiving means having an output signal, said apparatus comprising:
means for tuning said receiving means to each of the radio channels in sequence;
means for coupling for each radio channel said receiving means to each antenna in a predetermined sequence;
means for sampling for each radio channel the receiving means output signal N times while coupled for a predetermined time interval to each antenna, where N is an integer number greater than one; and
means for selecting for each radio channel the antenna for which at least one of its N samples has a magnitude greater than the magnitude of any of the N samples for all other antennas.
17. The apparatus according to claim 16, wherein said sampling means takes a second set of N samples of the receiving means output signal for each antenna after a predetermined time.
18. The apparatus according to claim 16, wherein said sampling means takes additional sets of N samples of the receiving means output signal for each antenna during consecutive predetermined time intervals.
19. The apparatus according to claim 16, wherein said sampling means further includes means for converting each sample of the receiving means output signal to a digitized sample.
20. The apparatus according to claim 16, wherein said selecting means further includes means for selecting the largest sample for each antenna.
21. A method of determining for each radio channel the strength of the radio frequency (RF) signal experiencing Rayleigh fading and received by a plurality of antennas from a plurality of remote stations each having an unknown location in a geographical area and transmitting on a different radio channel, each of said antennas receiving RF signals from the geographical area and couplable to receiving means having an output signal, said method comprising the steps of:
(a) tuning said receiving means to each of the radio channels in sequence; and
(b) for each radio channel:
(i) coupling said receiving means to each antenna in a predetermined sequence;
(ii) sampling the receiving means output signal N times while coupled for a predetermined time interval to each antenna, where N is an integer number greater than one; and
(iii) after sampling all antennas, selecting the sample which has a magnitude greater than the magnitude of any of the other samples.
22. The method according to claim 21, further including the step of repeating said step (b) after a predetermined time.
23. The method according to claim 21, further including the step of repeating step (b) at consecutive predetermined time intervals.
24. The method according to claim 21, wherein said sampling step (ii) further includes the step of converting each sample of the receiving means output signal to a digitized sample.
25. The method according to claim 21, wherein said selecting step (iii) further includes the steps of:
selecting the largest sample for each antenna; and
selecting the largest sample which has a magnitude greater than the magnitude of the largest samples of all other antennas.
26. Apparatus for determining for each radio channel the stength of the radio frequency (RF) signal experiencing Rayleigh fading and receiving by a plurality of antennas from a plurality of remote stations each having an unknown location in a geographical area and transmitting on a different radio channel, each of said antennas receiving RF signals from the geographical area and couplable to receiving means having an output signal, said apparatus comprising:
means for tuning said receiving means to each of the radio channels in sequence;
means for coupling for each radio channel said receiving means to each antenna in a predetermined sequence;
means for sampling for each radio channel the receiving means output signal N times while coupled for a predetermined time interval to each antenna; where N is an integer number greater than one; and
means for selecting the sample which has a magnitude greater than the magnitude of any of the other samples.
27. The apparatus according to claim 26, wherein said sampling means takes a second set of N samples of the receiving means output signal for each antenna after a predetermined time.
28. The apparatus according to claim 26, wherein said sampling means takes additional sets of N samples of the receiving means output signal for each antenna during consecutive predetermined time intervals.
29. The apparatus according to claim 26, wherein said sampling means further includes means for converting each sample of the receiving means output signal to a digitized sample.
30. The apparatus according to claim 26, wherein said selecting means further includes means for selecting the largest sample for each antenna.
US06714063 1982-08-03 1985-03-20 Method and apparatus for measuring the strength of a radio signal frequency Expired - Lifetime US4549311A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US40512382 true 1982-08-03 1982-08-03
US06714063 US4549311A (en) 1982-08-03 1985-03-20 Method and apparatus for measuring the strength of a radio signal frequency

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US06714063 US4549311A (en) 1982-08-03 1985-03-20 Method and apparatus for measuring the strength of a radio signal frequency

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US40512382 Continuation 1982-08-03 1982-08-03

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US4549311A true US4549311A (en) 1985-10-22

Family

ID=27018930

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US06714063 Expired - Lifetime US4549311A (en) 1982-08-03 1985-03-20 Method and apparatus for measuring the strength of a radio signal frequency

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US4549311A (en)

Cited By (49)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4694484A (en) * 1986-02-18 1987-09-15 Motorola, Inc. Cellular radiotelephone land station
US4704734A (en) * 1986-02-18 1987-11-03 Motorola, Inc. Method and apparatus for signal strength measurement and antenna selection in cellular radiotelephone systems
US4726050A (en) * 1986-02-18 1988-02-16 Motorola, Inc. Scanning receiver allocation method and apparatus for cellular radiotelephone systems
US4746924A (en) * 1985-09-30 1988-05-24 The Boeing Company Apparatus and methods for locating a target utilizing signals generated from a non-cooperative source
US4751725A (en) * 1987-01-30 1988-06-14 Motorola, Inc. VOX remote unit control in a cellular system
US4761822A (en) * 1985-08-23 1988-08-02 Libera Developments Ltd. Burst-mode two-way radio communications system
US4811380A (en) * 1988-01-29 1989-03-07 Motorola, Inc. Cellular radiotelephone system with dropped call protection
US4868885A (en) * 1986-05-05 1989-09-19 General Electric Company Apparatus and method for high-speed determination of received RF signal strength indicator
US4941167A (en) * 1988-11-04 1990-07-10 Motorola, Inc. Telephone system with customized central message center
US5014348A (en) * 1988-04-01 1991-05-07 Uniden America Corporation Self-programming scanning radio receiver
US5021801A (en) * 1989-09-05 1991-06-04 Motorola, Inc. Antenna switching system
US5095535A (en) * 1988-07-28 1992-03-10 Motorola, Inc. High bit rate communication system for overcoming multipath
US5168574A (en) * 1987-08-03 1992-12-01 Orion Industries, Inc. System and method for switching between antennas in a radio frequency booster
US5203026A (en) * 1990-04-10 1993-04-13 Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson Method of selecting the most suitable receiver antenna from two or more receiver antennas
US5212831A (en) * 1990-11-28 1993-05-18 Bell Communications Research, Inc. Method and apparatus for autonomous adaptive frequency assignment in TDMA portable radio systems
US5257399A (en) * 1990-11-28 1993-10-26 Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson Multiple access handling in a cellular communications system
US5367559A (en) * 1992-05-11 1994-11-22 Hughes Aircraft Company Sequential power estimation for cellular system handoff
US5603087A (en) * 1991-04-29 1997-02-11 Motorola, Inc. Interference detection technique
US5603112A (en) * 1991-04-26 1997-02-11 Motorola, Inc. Received signal strength indicator utilizing approximation factors and the I and Q signal components
US5621752A (en) * 1994-06-23 1997-04-15 Qualcomm Incorporated Adaptive sectorization in a spread spectrum communication system
US5625885A (en) * 1993-12-15 1997-04-29 Fujitsu Limited Mobile communication system having pagers for providing two-way data communication between a base station and mobile stations
US5684491A (en) * 1995-01-27 1997-11-04 Hazeltine Corporation High gain antenna systems for cellular use
US5903826A (en) * 1996-12-06 1999-05-11 Northern Telecom Limited Extremely high frequency multipoint fixed-access wireless communication system
US5987541A (en) * 1997-03-06 1999-11-16 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. Computer system using signal modulation techniques to enhance multimedia device communication
US6032105A (en) * 1997-07-31 2000-02-29 Airtouch Communications, Inc. Computer-implemented microcell prediction modeling with terrain enhancement
WO2000067395A1 (en) * 1999-05-04 2000-11-09 Shure Incorporated Method and apparatus for predictably switching diversity antennas on signal dropout
US6289202B1 (en) * 1995-07-31 2001-09-11 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Selecting a radio channel from a group of radio channels where an influence of intermodulation has been considered during simultaneous communication with a plurality of radios
CN1079183C (en) * 1995-12-13 2002-02-13 Ntt移动通信网株式会社 Base station selection scheme and CDMA cellular system using pilot frequency channel
US20020054580A1 (en) * 1994-02-14 2002-05-09 Strich W. Eli Dynamic sectorization in a spread spectrum communication system
US20020063656A1 (en) * 2000-09-26 2002-05-30 Gutowski Stanley J. Modeling of RF point source reference for analysis of wireless signal propagation
US6731921B1 (en) * 1999-07-29 2004-05-04 Robert Bosch Gmbh Circuit for changing over between receiving antennas
US20060160571A1 (en) * 1997-07-30 2006-07-20 Depani Sebastiano Cellular docking station
US20060176849A1 (en) * 2005-02-08 2006-08-10 Alcatel Geographical localisation service
US20060209762A1 (en) * 2005-03-15 2006-09-21 Pekka Talmola System and method for wireless communications
US7130609B2 (en) 1999-03-15 2006-10-31 Bellsouth Intellectual Property Corp. Wireless backup telephone device and associated support system
US7194083B1 (en) 2002-07-15 2007-03-20 Bellsouth Intellectual Property Corporation System and method for interfacing plain old telephone system (POTS) devices with cellular networks
US7221950B2 (en) 2001-12-26 2007-05-22 Bellsouth Intellectual Property Corp. Auto sensing home base station for mobile telephone with remote answering capabilities
US20100172328A1 (en) * 2009-01-08 2010-07-08 Honeywell International Inc. Method and system for datalink ground station selection
US8000682B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2011-08-16 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and method for restricting access to data
US8243908B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2012-08-14 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Systems and methods for restricting the use and movement of telephony devices
US8249570B2 (en) 1997-07-30 2012-08-21 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus, method, and computer-readable medium for interfacing devices with communications networks
US8275371B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2012-09-25 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and method for providing communications and connection-oriented services to devices
US20130084807A1 (en) * 2011-10-03 2013-04-04 Gaurav Nukala Electronic Device With Service Acquisition Antenna Switching
US8416804B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2013-04-09 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and method for providing a user interface for facilitating communications between devices
US8526466B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2013-09-03 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and method for prioritizing communications between devices
US8543098B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2013-09-24 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and method for securely providing communications between devices and networks
US8554187B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2013-10-08 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and method for routing communications between networks and devices
US20150009021A1 (en) * 2011-12-09 2015-01-08 Gentex Corporation System and method for training a programmable transceiver
US10008109B2 (en) * 2012-12-06 2018-06-26 Gentex Corporation System and method for training a programmable transceiver

Citations (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2985755A (en) * 1957-05-27 1961-05-23 Gen Electric Communication system
US3155909A (en) * 1961-10-31 1964-11-03 Gen Electric Mobile communication system in which the base station receiver, which receives the strongest signal, is automatically selected
US3328698A (en) * 1963-06-28 1967-06-27 Itt Selector for choosing the strongest signal including means for inhibiting all signals below a selected level
US3537011A (en) * 1966-11-24 1970-10-27 Antenna switching arrangement for continuous sequential sampling and selection of best signal
US3564287A (en) * 1968-07-25 1971-02-16 Us Navy Maximum seeking zero order hold circuit
US3663762A (en) * 1970-12-21 1972-05-16 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Mobile communication system
US3761822A (en) * 1970-02-05 1973-09-25 Pye Ltd Multiple receiver selection system
US3764915A (en) * 1971-06-25 1973-10-09 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Dynamic program control for channel assignment in mobile communication systems
US3819872A (en) * 1972-07-10 1974-06-25 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Mobile telephone cellular switching system
US3860872A (en) * 1970-02-05 1975-01-14 Pye Ltd Multiple receiver selection system
US3896375A (en) * 1974-02-06 1975-07-22 United Kingdom Government System for monitoring and indicating peak values of a time varying signal
US3906166A (en) * 1973-10-17 1975-09-16 Motorola Inc Radio telephone system
US3913017A (en) * 1973-03-28 1975-10-14 Nippon Electric Co Channel switching device for mobile radio communication equipment
US3937943A (en) * 1974-08-29 1976-02-10 University Of Illinois Foundation Digital signal averager with logarithmic time base
US3962553A (en) * 1973-03-29 1976-06-08 Motorola, Inc. Portable telephone system having a battery saver feature
US3973197A (en) * 1974-07-22 1976-08-03 Koehring Company Peak detector
US3984776A (en) * 1975-11-19 1976-10-05 Motorola, Inc. Signal quality detector
US4025853A (en) * 1976-02-12 1977-05-24 Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated Method and apparatus for radio system cochannel interference suppression
US4029900A (en) * 1976-01-26 1977-06-14 Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated Digital synchronizing signal recovery circuits for a data receiver
US4053840A (en) * 1975-08-01 1977-10-11 Thomson-Csf Band compression device
US4054786A (en) * 1973-09-24 1977-10-18 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Running average computer
US4069455A (en) * 1976-11-11 1978-01-17 General Electric Company Arrangement for maintaining reception of a radio receiver on the stronger of two signals
US4092600A (en) * 1975-08-27 1978-05-30 Autophon Aktiengesellschaft Installation for two-way radio communication
US4101836A (en) * 1977-05-02 1978-07-18 Motorola, Inc. Sectored antenna receiving system
DE2803356A1 (en) * 1977-02-02 1978-08-03 Cit Alcatel Circuit arrangement for the determination of the maximum value of an electric signal
US4144412A (en) * 1976-01-19 1979-03-13 Nippon Telegraph And Telephone Public Corporation Method of assigning a radio channel to a calling mobile body of mobile communication system and radio channel assigning system therefor
US4183087A (en) * 1978-03-07 1980-01-08 Hughes Aircraft Company Peak deviation sampling
JPS5630654A (en) * 1979-08-21 1981-03-27 Toyo Electric Mfg Co Ltd Peak value detection system
US4268722A (en) * 1978-02-13 1981-05-19 Motorola, Inc. Radiotelephone communications system
US4295099A (en) * 1979-09-05 1981-10-13 Honeywell Inc. Peak detector
US4302845A (en) * 1980-02-07 1981-11-24 Motorola, Inc. Phase-encoded data signal demodulator
US4309773A (en) * 1980-04-18 1982-01-05 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Apparatus and method for radio channel selection
US4312074A (en) * 1980-02-07 1982-01-19 Motorola, Inc. Method and apparatus for detecting a data signal including repeated data words
US4317229A (en) * 1977-05-02 1982-02-23 Motorola, Inc. Sectored antenna receiving system

Patent Citations (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2985755A (en) * 1957-05-27 1961-05-23 Gen Electric Communication system
US3155909A (en) * 1961-10-31 1964-11-03 Gen Electric Mobile communication system in which the base station receiver, which receives the strongest signal, is automatically selected
US3328698A (en) * 1963-06-28 1967-06-27 Itt Selector for choosing the strongest signal including means for inhibiting all signals below a selected level
US3537011A (en) * 1966-11-24 1970-10-27 Antenna switching arrangement for continuous sequential sampling and selection of best signal
US3564287A (en) * 1968-07-25 1971-02-16 Us Navy Maximum seeking zero order hold circuit
US3761822A (en) * 1970-02-05 1973-09-25 Pye Ltd Multiple receiver selection system
US3860872A (en) * 1970-02-05 1975-01-14 Pye Ltd Multiple receiver selection system
US3663762A (en) * 1970-12-21 1972-05-16 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Mobile communication system
US3764915A (en) * 1971-06-25 1973-10-09 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Dynamic program control for channel assignment in mobile communication systems
US3819872A (en) * 1972-07-10 1974-06-25 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Mobile telephone cellular switching system
US3913017A (en) * 1973-03-28 1975-10-14 Nippon Electric Co Channel switching device for mobile radio communication equipment
US3962553A (en) * 1973-03-29 1976-06-08 Motorola, Inc. Portable telephone system having a battery saver feature
US4054786A (en) * 1973-09-24 1977-10-18 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Running average computer
US3906166A (en) * 1973-10-17 1975-09-16 Motorola Inc Radio telephone system
US3896375A (en) * 1974-02-06 1975-07-22 United Kingdom Government System for monitoring and indicating peak values of a time varying signal
US3973197A (en) * 1974-07-22 1976-08-03 Koehring Company Peak detector
US3937943A (en) * 1974-08-29 1976-02-10 University Of Illinois Foundation Digital signal averager with logarithmic time base
US4053840A (en) * 1975-08-01 1977-10-11 Thomson-Csf Band compression device
US4092600A (en) * 1975-08-27 1978-05-30 Autophon Aktiengesellschaft Installation for two-way radio communication
US3984776A (en) * 1975-11-19 1976-10-05 Motorola, Inc. Signal quality detector
US4144412A (en) * 1976-01-19 1979-03-13 Nippon Telegraph And Telephone Public Corporation Method of assigning a radio channel to a calling mobile body of mobile communication system and radio channel assigning system therefor
US4029900A (en) * 1976-01-26 1977-06-14 Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated Digital synchronizing signal recovery circuits for a data receiver
US4025853A (en) * 1976-02-12 1977-05-24 Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated Method and apparatus for radio system cochannel interference suppression
US4069455A (en) * 1976-11-11 1978-01-17 General Electric Company Arrangement for maintaining reception of a radio receiver on the stronger of two signals
DE2803356A1 (en) * 1977-02-02 1978-08-03 Cit Alcatel Circuit arrangement for the determination of the maximum value of an electric signal
US4101836A (en) * 1977-05-02 1978-07-18 Motorola, Inc. Sectored antenna receiving system
US4317229A (en) * 1977-05-02 1982-02-23 Motorola, Inc. Sectored antenna receiving system
US4268722A (en) * 1978-02-13 1981-05-19 Motorola, Inc. Radiotelephone communications system
US4183087A (en) * 1978-03-07 1980-01-08 Hughes Aircraft Company Peak deviation sampling
JPS5630654A (en) * 1979-08-21 1981-03-27 Toyo Electric Mfg Co Ltd Peak value detection system
US4295099A (en) * 1979-09-05 1981-10-13 Honeywell Inc. Peak detector
US4302845A (en) * 1980-02-07 1981-11-24 Motorola, Inc. Phase-encoded data signal demodulator
US4312074A (en) * 1980-02-07 1982-01-19 Motorola, Inc. Method and apparatus for detecting a data signal including repeated data words
US4309773A (en) * 1980-04-18 1982-01-05 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Apparatus and method for radio channel selection

Non-Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
"DYNATAC Cellular Mobile Telephone System Base Station," Motorola Inc. Instruction Manual No. 68P81060E30, Motorola Inc., Schaumburg, Ill., 1981.
"Motorola DYNATAC Cellular Radiotelephone Systems", Motorola Inc., Schaumburg, Ill., 1982.
DYNATAC Cellular Mobile Telephone System Base Station, Motorola Inc. Instruction Manual No. 68P81060E30, Motorola Inc., Schaumburg, Ill., 1981. *
Motorola DYNATAC Cellular Radiotelephone Systems , Motorola Inc., Schaumburg, Ill., 1982. *
National Semiconductor "ADC0801, ADC0802, ADC0803, ADC0804 8-Bit μP Compatible A/D Converters", Jan. 1981, pp. 1-3, 14-19.
National Semiconductor ADC0801, ADC0802, ADC0803, ADC0804 8 Bit P Compatible A/D Converters , Jan. 1981, pp. 1 3, 14 19. *

Cited By (65)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4761822A (en) * 1985-08-23 1988-08-02 Libera Developments Ltd. Burst-mode two-way radio communications system
US4746924A (en) * 1985-09-30 1988-05-24 The Boeing Company Apparatus and methods for locating a target utilizing signals generated from a non-cooperative source
US4694484A (en) * 1986-02-18 1987-09-15 Motorola, Inc. Cellular radiotelephone land station
US4704734A (en) * 1986-02-18 1987-11-03 Motorola, Inc. Method and apparatus for signal strength measurement and antenna selection in cellular radiotelephone systems
US4726050A (en) * 1986-02-18 1988-02-16 Motorola, Inc. Scanning receiver allocation method and apparatus for cellular radiotelephone systems
US4868885A (en) * 1986-05-05 1989-09-19 General Electric Company Apparatus and method for high-speed determination of received RF signal strength indicator
US4751725A (en) * 1987-01-30 1988-06-14 Motorola, Inc. VOX remote unit control in a cellular system
US5168574A (en) * 1987-08-03 1992-12-01 Orion Industries, Inc. System and method for switching between antennas in a radio frequency booster
US4811380A (en) * 1988-01-29 1989-03-07 Motorola, Inc. Cellular radiotelephone system with dropped call protection
US5014348A (en) * 1988-04-01 1991-05-07 Uniden America Corporation Self-programming scanning radio receiver
US5095535A (en) * 1988-07-28 1992-03-10 Motorola, Inc. High bit rate communication system for overcoming multipath
US4941167A (en) * 1988-11-04 1990-07-10 Motorola, Inc. Telephone system with customized central message center
USRE34796E (en) * 1989-09-05 1994-11-22 Motorola, Inc. Antenna switching system
US5021801A (en) * 1989-09-05 1991-06-04 Motorola, Inc. Antenna switching system
US5203026A (en) * 1990-04-10 1993-04-13 Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson Method of selecting the most suitable receiver antenna from two or more receiver antennas
US5212831A (en) * 1990-11-28 1993-05-18 Bell Communications Research, Inc. Method and apparatus for autonomous adaptive frequency assignment in TDMA portable radio systems
US5257399A (en) * 1990-11-28 1993-10-26 Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson Multiple access handling in a cellular communications system
US5603112A (en) * 1991-04-26 1997-02-11 Motorola, Inc. Received signal strength indicator utilizing approximation factors and the I and Q signal components
US5603087A (en) * 1991-04-29 1997-02-11 Motorola, Inc. Interference detection technique
US5367559A (en) * 1992-05-11 1994-11-22 Hughes Aircraft Company Sequential power estimation for cellular system handoff
US5625885A (en) * 1993-12-15 1997-04-29 Fujitsu Limited Mobile communication system having pagers for providing two-way data communication between a base station and mobile stations
US7653149B2 (en) 1994-02-14 2010-01-26 Qualcomm Incorporated Dynamic sectorization in a spread spectrum communication system
US20020054580A1 (en) * 1994-02-14 2002-05-09 Strich W. Eli Dynamic sectorization in a spread spectrum communication system
US6473447B1 (en) * 1994-02-14 2002-10-29 Qualcomm Incorporated Dynamic sectorization in a spread spectrum communication system
US5621752A (en) * 1994-06-23 1997-04-15 Qualcomm Incorporated Adaptive sectorization in a spread spectrum communication system
US5684491A (en) * 1995-01-27 1997-11-04 Hazeltine Corporation High gain antenna systems for cellular use
US6289202B1 (en) * 1995-07-31 2001-09-11 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Selecting a radio channel from a group of radio channels where an influence of intermodulation has been considered during simultaneous communication with a plurality of radios
CN1079183C (en) * 1995-12-13 2002-02-13 Ntt移动通信网株式会社 Base station selection scheme and CDMA cellular system using pilot frequency channel
US5903826A (en) * 1996-12-06 1999-05-11 Northern Telecom Limited Extremely high frequency multipoint fixed-access wireless communication system
US5987541A (en) * 1997-03-06 1999-11-16 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. Computer system using signal modulation techniques to enhance multimedia device communication
US9258845B2 (en) 1997-07-30 2016-02-09 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Cellular docking station
US7363034B2 (en) 1997-07-30 2008-04-22 At&T Delaware Intellectual Property, Inc. Cellular docking station
US7149514B1 (en) 1997-07-30 2006-12-12 Bellsouth Intellectual Property Corp. Cellular docking station
US8249570B2 (en) 1997-07-30 2012-08-21 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus, method, and computer-readable medium for interfacing devices with communications networks
US20060160571A1 (en) * 1997-07-30 2006-07-20 Depani Sebastiano Cellular docking station
US8583106B2 (en) 1997-07-30 2013-11-12 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Cellular docking station
US6032105A (en) * 1997-07-31 2000-02-29 Airtouch Communications, Inc. Computer-implemented microcell prediction modeling with terrain enhancement
US7130609B2 (en) 1999-03-15 2006-10-31 Bellsouth Intellectual Property Corp. Wireless backup telephone device and associated support system
US6296565B1 (en) * 1999-05-04 2001-10-02 Shure Incorporated Method and apparatus for predictably switching diversity antennas on signal dropout
WO2000067395A1 (en) * 1999-05-04 2000-11-09 Shure Incorporated Method and apparatus for predictably switching diversity antennas on signal dropout
US6731921B1 (en) * 1999-07-29 2004-05-04 Robert Bosch Gmbh Circuit for changing over between receiving antennas
US7313391B2 (en) * 2000-09-26 2007-12-25 Andrew Corporation Modeling of RF point source reference for analysis of wireless signal propagation
US20020063656A1 (en) * 2000-09-26 2002-05-30 Gutowski Stanley J. Modeling of RF point source reference for analysis of wireless signal propagation
US7221950B2 (en) 2001-12-26 2007-05-22 Bellsouth Intellectual Property Corp. Auto sensing home base station for mobile telephone with remote answering capabilities
US20070178900A1 (en) * 2001-12-26 2007-08-02 Bellsouth Intellectual Property Corp Auto Sensing Home Base Station For Mobile Telephone with Remote Answering Capabilities
US8046007B2 (en) 2001-12-26 2011-10-25 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Auto sensing home base station for mobile telephone with remote answering capabilities
US8515417B2 (en) 2001-12-26 2013-08-20 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Auto sensing home base station for mobile telephone with remote answering capabilities
US8554187B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2013-10-08 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and method for routing communications between networks and devices
US8543098B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2013-09-24 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and method for securely providing communications between devices and networks
US7194083B1 (en) 2002-07-15 2007-03-20 Bellsouth Intellectual Property Corporation System and method for interfacing plain old telephone system (POTS) devices with cellular networks
US8243908B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2012-08-14 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Systems and methods for restricting the use and movement of telephony devices
US8885666B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2014-11-11 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and method for providing a user interface for facilitating communications between devices
US8275371B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2012-09-25 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and method for providing communications and connection-oriented services to devices
US8416804B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2013-04-09 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and method for providing a user interface for facilitating communications between devices
US8000682B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2011-08-16 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and method for restricting access to data
US8526466B2 (en) 2002-07-15 2013-09-03 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Apparatus and method for prioritizing communications between devices
US20060176849A1 (en) * 2005-02-08 2006-08-10 Alcatel Geographical localisation service
US20060209762A1 (en) * 2005-03-15 2006-09-21 Pekka Talmola System and method for wireless communications
US7821997B2 (en) 2005-03-15 2010-10-26 Nokia Corporation Computer implemented method, system, and intergrated circuitry for determining a characteristic of a received signal to have fallen beneth a threshold
US8199722B2 (en) 2009-01-08 2012-06-12 Honeywell International Inc. Method and system for datalink ground station selection
US20100172328A1 (en) * 2009-01-08 2010-07-08 Honeywell International Inc. Method and system for datalink ground station selection
US8874041B2 (en) * 2011-10-03 2014-10-28 Apple Inc. Electronic device with service acquisition antenna switching
US20130084807A1 (en) * 2011-10-03 2013-04-04 Gaurav Nukala Electronic Device With Service Acquisition Antenna Switching
US20150009021A1 (en) * 2011-12-09 2015-01-08 Gentex Corporation System and method for training a programmable transceiver
US10008109B2 (en) * 2012-12-06 2018-06-26 Gentex Corporation System and method for training a programmable transceiver

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5719583A (en) Mobile communication system which performs antenna gain control
US6836673B1 (en) Mitigating ghost signal interference in adaptive array systems
US6266528B1 (en) Performance monitor for antenna arrays
US5740526A (en) Method and apparatus for selecting two antennas from which to receive a communication signal
US6359873B1 (en) Wireless LAN system and a transmitter-receiver in a wireless LAN system
US6393303B1 (en) Method and apparatus for directional radio communication
US5303240A (en) Telecommunications system using directional antennas
US6433737B2 (en) Method of improving quality of radio connection
US6622013B1 (en) Reception apparatus and reception method
US6445910B1 (en) Reception diversity method, and a radio communication system using diversity reception
EP0288904A2 (en) Microcellular communications system using macrodiversity
EP0762668A2 (en) Method for controlling transmission power of a radio transmitter
US6549529B1 (en) System and method for controlling antenna downtilt/uptilt in a wireless communication network
EP1085684A2 (en) Antenna unit and radio base station
US6937863B1 (en) System and method for dynamically adjusting cell sectorization
US5907816A (en) High gain antenna systems for cellular use
US20030125078A1 (en) Diversity apparatus and method for a mobile communication terminal
US6370369B1 (en) Network device and method employing omni-directional and directional antennas
US20050037822A1 (en) Antenna steering method and apparatus for an 802.11 station
US4646082A (en) Inbound acknowledgement stack
US8280443B2 (en) WLAN access point with extended coverage area
US20070037519A1 (en) Apparatus and method for calibrating transmission paths in a multicarrier communication system using multiple antennas
US6037898A (en) Method and apparatus for calibrating radio frequency base stations using antenna arrays
US6879845B2 (en) Wireless communication method and system using beam direction-variable antenna
US6381462B1 (en) Method and communications system with dynamically adaptable subscriber units

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
CC Certificate of correction
FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 8

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 12