US4541004A - Aerodynamically enhanced heat sink - Google Patents

Aerodynamically enhanced heat sink Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US4541004A
US4541004A US06444159 US44415982A US4541004A US 4541004 A US4541004 A US 4541004A US 06444159 US06444159 US 06444159 US 44415982 A US44415982 A US 44415982A US 4541004 A US4541004 A US 4541004A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
heat sink
pins
package
integrated circuit
formed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
US06444159
Inventor
Richard M. Moore
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Unisys Corp
Original Assignee
Burroughs Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L23/00Details of semiconductor or other solid state devices
    • H01L23/34Arrangements for cooling, heating, ventilating or temperature compensation ; Temperature sensing arrangements
    • H01L23/36Selection of materials, or shaping, to facilitate cooling or heating, e.g. heatsinks
    • H01L23/367Cooling facilitated by shape of device
    • H01L23/3677Wire-like or pin-like cooling fins or heat sinks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L2924/00Indexing scheme for arrangements or methods for connecting or disconnecting semiconductor or solid-state bodies as covered by H01L24/00
    • H01L2924/0001Technical content checked by a classifier
    • H01L2924/0002Not covered by any one of groups H01L24/00, H01L24/00 and H01L2224/00

Abstract

An aerodynamically enhanced heat sink is disclosed, which heat sink includes a plurality of metallic pins each having one end thereof affixed to the integrated circuit package and the second end thereof being disposed for heat dissipation. The plurality of pins are made of varying lengths such that a partial hemisphere is formed with the second ends thereof.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to the art of cooling integrated circuit packages, and more particularly to a new and improved aerodynamically-enhanced heat sink.

With the introduction of very large scale integrated (VLSI) devices, heat dissipation has become an ever-increasing problem. The idea of cooling fins for electrical apparatus is quite old, and there are legions of different types of heat sinks that have been used in the past. For the most part, these heat sinks have been employed in larger devices and typically include some form of cooling fins adapted to dissipate heat into the air.

It has been the practice to apply these older heat sink techniques to the newer VLSI circuit packages. However, there are numerous unique problems associated with heat dissipation for integrated circuits that make these older heat sinks unsatisfactory. One such problem is the reduced size of the newer integrated circuit packages vis-a-vis the older electronic apparatus. Another common problem associated with dissipating heat from integrated circuit packages has been growth compatibility with the material of the semiconductor package and that used to make the heat sink.

An integrated circuit is a fragile device fabricated on a silicon substrate. Thus, a suitable heat sink should not cause any warpage of the device or the package housing such device. The warpage problem occasioned by expansion and contraction of a heat sink becomes more acute when used with a brittle package material, such as ceramic which is typically used for housing integrated circuits.

As a general rule, the heat sink is made of metal, such as copper or aluminum. The heat sink is rigidly attached to the semiconductor package by an epoxy or a solder. During this attachment process, the epoxy or solder is heated to a fluid state to effect attachment of the heat sink to the semiconductor package. Thereafter, the epoxy or solder is allowed to cool and harden. This cooling and hardening step also induces stress in the package, and particularly in the material used to attach a lid to the semiconductor package. These stresses vary in magnitude with the overall shape of the particular heat sink that is being attached. And, depending upon the shape of the heat sink, the stresses can become so large as to cause cracks in the lid attach material. When this occurs, the hermetic seal of the integrated circuit is broken which makes the device inoperable.

So long as the heat sink attach material remains liquid, the stresses induced in the lid attach material remain relatively small. However, once the heat sink attach material soldifies, the stresses in the lid attach material rapidly increase. This rapid increase in stress is due to the fact that the heat sink contracts much more rapidly than the ceramic substrate. For example, the coefficients of thermal expansion for copper and aluminum respectively are about 2.6 and 3.6 times the expansion coefficient of ceramic.

For a more detailed analysis of VLSI device heat sinks, their problems and several prior art solutions, reference is made to a technical paper entitled "VLSI Thermal Management in Cost Driven Systems" by T. E. Lewis and D. L. Adams, which was published in the EIA Proceedings, 32nd Electronic Component Conference, 82CH1781-4, May 10 through 12, 1982, at page 166.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, an object of this invention is to provide an improved heat sink for an integrated circuit package.

Another object of this invention is to provide a heat sink which reduces the amount of thermal-mechanical stress that is induced in the integrated circuit package when the package and heat sink are rigidly attached and thermally cycled.

A feature of the present invention resides in the provision of a heat sink aerodynamically shaped so as to enhance the convection of heat from the heat sink by means of both laminar and turbulent airflow over the heat sink.

An advantage of this invention is that the plurality of pins of this heat sink increase the effective cooling area many times over that of heat sinks formed of multiple cooling fins.

Another advantage of this invention is that the partial hemispherical profile of the heat sinking pin tips provides an omnidirectional heat sink.

In one embodiment of this invention, a heat sink is provided for cooling an integrated circuit package which heat sink comprises a pluarlity of pins each having one end thereof affixed to the integrated circuit package and the second end thereof being disposed for heat dissipation. The plurality of pins are made of varying lengths such that a partial hemispherical shape is formed with the second ends thereof.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Various features and advantages of the invention are described in the Detailed Description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the heat sink in accordance with one embodiment of this invention;

FIG. 2 is a cross section of another embodiment of this invention; and

FIG. 3 is a detail drawing that shows the laminar flow of air across and through the pins of the heat sink.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Referring now to FIG. 1, the heat sink 8 of this invention is shown in a perspective view. More particularly, the heat sink 8 includes a multiplicity of pins 10 attached to a semiconductor device package 12. Each of the pins 10 are precut to size so as to form an airfoil having a shape generally approaching a partial hemisphere. FIGS. 1 and 2 show this partial hemispherical shape; and as is there shown, it is formed by a plane which passes through part of a hemisphere. The ends of the pins are also contoured to the partial hemispherical shape, which will amplify turbulent flow eddy currents as will be explained further hereinbelow. The pins are preferably made of copper (e.g., CDA110) or aluminum. When air is moved across the heat sink, a high pressure area is formed on the windward side of the heat sink and a low pressure area is formed on the leeward side thereof. This phenomenon is based on the well-known venturi principle.

The aerodynamic characteristics of the heat sink of this invention are better illustrated in FIG. 2 wherein another embodiment of the heat sink 8 is formed by setting the pins 10 into a substrate 14, which is affixed to the semiconductor device package 12 by means of a die-attach 15. The direction of airflow over the heat sink 8 is generally indicated by an arrow 16; and, as a result of such airflow, high pressure area 18 is formed on the windward side of the heat sink and a low pressure area 20 is formed on the leeward side. The low pressure area 20 will act to pull hot air out from around the pins 10 as indicated by the arrows in FIG. 2.

The pins 10 can either be brazed directly to the back of the semiconductor package 12 as illustrated in FIG. 1, or they can be set in the substrate 14, as illustrated in FIG. 2. When the pins 10 are set into a separate substrate (e.g., substrate 14), the substrate is epoxy-attached to the semiconductor package. If the pins 10 are brazed directly to the package 12, then thermal growth will be greatly minimized. Moreover, the direct brazed embodiment of FIG. 1 is simpler in design and presents a lower package-heat sink profile that results in a higher density, smaller geometry system.

On the other hand, if the pins are attached to the substrate 14, a material should be selected for the substrate that matches the thermal growth of the package so that both the substrate and the package grow at the same rate with enough elasticity to account for pin growth. For example, if the package 12 is made of ceramic, the substrate should preferably be made of ceramic also. To this end, the pins 10 are encapsulated in the ceramic substrate 14 which is attached to the package 12 by thermally conductive epoxy 15. Hence, this embodiment is easier to manufacture.

The detail in FIG. 3 illustrates three different air movement components resulting from the general air movement represented by arrow 16. First, there is the surface laminar flow indicated by arrows 22 which moves across the surface of the tips of the pins. This air movement removes the hot air dissipated at the tips of the pins. As a product of the laminar air flow, turbulent flow eddy currents represented by arrows 24 are formed at the trailing edge 10' of the pins 10. The eddy currents, in combination with a third air movement caused by a pulling action by the low pressure area 20 (indicated by the arrows 26), remove hot air that is being dissipated by the pins 10.

It may be appreciated from the discussion hereinabove that an aerodynamically enhanced heat sink has been described in detail. Thus, while the invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to one embodiment, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that foregoing and other changes in form and detail may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Accordingly, it is intended that the present invention only be limited in scope by the appended claims.

Claims (5)

I claim:
1. A heat sink for cooling an integrated circuit package, said heat sink comprising:
a plurality of metallic pins each having one end thereof attached to the integrated circuit package and the second end thereof being disposed for heat dissipation, said plurality of pins being of varying lengths such that a partial hemisphere is formed with the second ends thereof.
2. A heat sink as in claim 1 further characterized by said integrated circuit package being made of ceramic.
3. A heat sink as in claim 2 further characterized by said plurality of metallic pins each having said one end thereof embedded in a ceramic substrate.
4. A heat sink as in claim 1 further characterized by said metallic pins being formed of aluminum.
5. A heat sink as in claim 1 further characterized by said metallic pins being formed of copper.
US06444159 1982-11-24 1982-11-24 Aerodynamically enhanced heat sink Expired - Fee Related US4541004A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US06444159 US4541004A (en) 1982-11-24 1982-11-24 Aerodynamically enhanced heat sink

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US06444159 US4541004A (en) 1982-11-24 1982-11-24 Aerodynamically enhanced heat sink

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US4541004A true US4541004A (en) 1985-09-10

Family

ID=23763746

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US06444159 Expired - Fee Related US4541004A (en) 1982-11-24 1982-11-24 Aerodynamically enhanced heat sink

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US4541004A (en)

Cited By (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2571921A1 (en) * 1984-10-11 1986-04-18 Teradyne Inc heat sink for electronic components with ceramic substrate
US4682269A (en) * 1984-10-11 1987-07-21 Teradyne, Inc. Heat dissipation for electronic components on a ceramic substrate
US4682651A (en) * 1986-09-08 1987-07-28 Burroughs Corporation (Now Unisys Corporation) Segmented heat sink device
EP0253126A1 (en) * 1986-06-19 1988-01-20 International Business Machines Corporation Heat sink
US4823869A (en) * 1986-06-19 1989-04-25 International Business Machines Corporation Heat sink
US4899210A (en) * 1988-01-20 1990-02-06 Wakefield Engineering, Inc. Heat sink
US5019880A (en) * 1988-01-07 1991-05-28 Prime Computer, Inc. Heat sink apparatus
US5265321A (en) * 1992-09-22 1993-11-30 Microelectronics And Computer Technology Corporation Integrated circuit structure with heat exchanger elements secured thereto and method of making
US5288203A (en) * 1992-10-23 1994-02-22 Thomas Daniel L Low profile fan body with heat transfer characteristics
US5304845A (en) * 1991-04-09 1994-04-19 Digital Equipment Corporation Apparatus for an air impingement heat sink using secondary flow generators
US5309321A (en) * 1992-09-22 1994-05-03 Microelectronics And Computer Technology Corporation Thermally conductive screen mesh for encapsulated integrated circuit packages
DE4418611A1 (en) * 1993-07-30 1995-02-02 Fujitsu Ltd Semiconductor element cooling device
US5402004A (en) * 1990-08-14 1995-03-28 Texas Instruments Incorporated Heat transfer module for ultra high density and silicon on silicon packaging applications
WO1995021518A1 (en) * 1994-02-07 1995-08-10 Nidec Corporation Detachable apparatus for cooling integrated circuits
US5484262A (en) * 1992-10-23 1996-01-16 Nidec Corporation Low profile fan body with heat transfer characteristics
WO1996019827A1 (en) * 1994-12-22 1996-06-27 Abb Industry Oy A method of bonding heat sink elements to a solid-state power component and a solid-state power component equipped with an integral heat sink
WO1997025741A1 (en) * 1996-01-04 1997-07-17 Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft Cooling unit with pin elements
US5740013A (en) * 1996-07-03 1998-04-14 Hewlett-Packard Company Electronic device enclosure having electromagnetic energy containment and heat removal characteristics
US5785116A (en) * 1996-02-01 1998-07-28 Hewlett-Packard Company Fan assisted heat sink device
US5794685A (en) * 1996-12-17 1998-08-18 Hewlett-Packard Company Heat sink device having radial heat and airflow paths
US5844313A (en) * 1993-12-15 1998-12-01 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Heat sink
US6176299B1 (en) 1999-02-22 2001-01-23 Agilent Technologies, Inc. Cooling apparatus for electronic devices
US6371200B1 (en) * 1999-11-18 2002-04-16 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Perforated heat sink
EP1202346A1 (en) * 2000-09-29 2002-05-02 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Heat sink arrangement
US6390181B1 (en) * 2000-10-04 2002-05-21 David R. Hall Densely finned tungsten carbide and polycrystalline diamond cooling module
US6498395B2 (en) * 2000-11-24 2002-12-24 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Heat sink with cooling fins for semiconductor package
DE10134187A1 (en) * 2001-07-13 2003-01-30 Semikron Elektronik Gmbh Cooler for power semiconductor components and modules with individual cooling elements in two-dimensional matrix
US20030066626A1 (en) * 2001-10-04 2003-04-10 John Bird Cooling system having independent fan location
US20030131973A1 (en) * 2000-09-20 2003-07-17 Rajesh Nair Uniform heat dissipating and cooling heat sink
US20030183368A1 (en) * 2002-04-02 2003-10-02 Paradis Leo Richard Diamond heat sink
US6661666B1 (en) 2002-09-24 2003-12-09 Agilent Technologies, Inc. Device for enhancing the local cooling of electronic packages subject to laminar air flow
US20040055580A1 (en) * 1999-02-09 2004-03-25 Hitachi, Ltd. High pressure fuel supply pump for internal combustion engine
EP1460749A1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-09-22 Hitachi, Ltd. Multi-phase alternating-current rotational electric machine
US20050199383A1 (en) * 2004-03-09 2005-09-15 King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals Hybrid cooling system and method for cooling electronic devices
US20060268510A1 (en) * 2005-05-25 2006-11-30 Jeong Kwang J Plasma display device
US20080017365A1 (en) * 2006-07-21 2008-01-24 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Heat sink
US20080144279A1 (en) * 2006-11-30 2008-06-19 Fuji Electric Fa Components & Systems Co., Ltd. Heat sink
US20090095450A1 (en) * 2005-10-28 2009-04-16 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Cooling structure for electric device
US20090173559A1 (en) * 2006-05-17 2009-07-09 Yoshiyuki Nakamura Battery pack and vehicle
US20090310310A1 (en) * 2007-03-19 2009-12-17 Fujitsu Limited Heat sink, electronic device, and method of manufacturing electronic device
US20120169162A1 (en) * 2010-12-31 2012-07-05 Zhongshan Broad-Ocean Motor Co., Ltd. Structure for heat dissipation of motors
US20130334915A1 (en) * 2010-12-20 2013-12-19 Valeo Equipements Electriques Moteur Voltage regulator device for a rotary electric machine, bearing for such a machine equipped with such a device and such a machine comprising such a bearing
EP3324111A1 (en) * 2016-11-21 2018-05-23 ABL IP Holding LLC Heat sink
USD822624S1 (en) 2016-08-30 2018-07-10 Abl Ip Holding Llc Heat sink
USD822626S1 (en) 2016-11-21 2018-07-10 Abl Ip Holding Llc Heatsink

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2756374A (en) * 1954-12-27 1956-07-24 Gen Electric Rectifier cell mounting
US3421578A (en) * 1966-12-22 1969-01-14 Louis L Marton Heat dissipator
GB1172471A (en) * 1968-01-31 1969-12-03 Viktor Konstantinovich Judashi Semiconductor Rectifier and Semiconductor Rectifier unit based thereon
US4103737A (en) * 1976-12-16 1978-08-01 Marantz Company, Inc. Heat exchanger structure for electronic apparatus

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2756374A (en) * 1954-12-27 1956-07-24 Gen Electric Rectifier cell mounting
US3421578A (en) * 1966-12-22 1969-01-14 Louis L Marton Heat dissipator
GB1172471A (en) * 1968-01-31 1969-12-03 Viktor Konstantinovich Judashi Semiconductor Rectifier and Semiconductor Rectifier unit based thereon
US4103737A (en) * 1976-12-16 1978-08-01 Marantz Company, Inc. Heat exchanger structure for electronic apparatus

Non-Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
"Semiconductor Package with Improved Cooling", Berndlmaier et al., IBM Tech. Disclosure, pp. 3452-3453, vol. 20, No. 9, Feb. 1978.
"Thermally Enhanced Multilayer Ceramic Substrate Structure", Kerjilian et al., vol. 18, No. 2-7, 1975, pp. 353-354, IBM Technical Disclosure.
Semiconductor Package with Improved Cooling , Berndlmaier et al., IBM Tech. Disclosure, pp. 3452 3453, vol. 20, No. 9, Feb. 1978. *
Thermally Enhanced Multilayer Ceramic Substrate Structure , Kerjilian et al., vol. 18, No. 2 7, 1975, pp. 353 354, IBM Technical Disclosure. *

Cited By (62)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4682269A (en) * 1984-10-11 1987-07-21 Teradyne, Inc. Heat dissipation for electronic components on a ceramic substrate
FR2571921A1 (en) * 1984-10-11 1986-04-18 Teradyne Inc heat sink for electronic components with ceramic substrate
EP0253126A1 (en) * 1986-06-19 1988-01-20 International Business Machines Corporation Heat sink
US4823869A (en) * 1986-06-19 1989-04-25 International Business Machines Corporation Heat sink
US4682651A (en) * 1986-09-08 1987-07-28 Burroughs Corporation (Now Unisys Corporation) Segmented heat sink device
US5019880A (en) * 1988-01-07 1991-05-28 Prime Computer, Inc. Heat sink apparatus
US4899210A (en) * 1988-01-20 1990-02-06 Wakefield Engineering, Inc. Heat sink
US5402004A (en) * 1990-08-14 1995-03-28 Texas Instruments Incorporated Heat transfer module for ultra high density and silicon on silicon packaging applications
US5304845A (en) * 1991-04-09 1994-04-19 Digital Equipment Corporation Apparatus for an air impingement heat sink using secondary flow generators
US5309321A (en) * 1992-09-22 1994-05-03 Microelectronics And Computer Technology Corporation Thermally conductive screen mesh for encapsulated integrated circuit packages
US5265321A (en) * 1992-09-22 1993-11-30 Microelectronics And Computer Technology Corporation Integrated circuit structure with heat exchanger elements secured thereto and method of making
US5484262A (en) * 1992-10-23 1996-01-16 Nidec Corporation Low profile fan body with heat transfer characteristics
US5288203A (en) * 1992-10-23 1994-02-22 Thomas Daniel L Low profile fan body with heat transfer characteristics
GB2280989A (en) * 1993-07-30 1995-02-15 Fujitsu Ltd Semiconductor element cooling apparatus
US5763950A (en) * 1993-07-30 1998-06-09 Fujitsu Limited Semiconductor element cooling apparatus
GB2280989B (en) * 1993-07-30 1998-03-04 Fujitsu Ltd Semiconductor element cooling apparatus
DE4418611A1 (en) * 1993-07-30 1995-02-02 Fujitsu Ltd Semiconductor element cooling device
DE4418611C2 (en) * 1993-07-30 2003-03-27 Fujitsu Ltd Semiconductor element cooling device
US5844313A (en) * 1993-12-15 1998-12-01 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Heat sink
US5452181A (en) * 1994-02-07 1995-09-19 Nidec Corporation Detachable apparatus for cooling integrated circuits
WO1995021518A1 (en) * 1994-02-07 1995-08-10 Nidec Corporation Detachable apparatus for cooling integrated circuits
WO1996019827A1 (en) * 1994-12-22 1996-06-27 Abb Industry Oy A method of bonding heat sink elements to a solid-state power component and a solid-state power component equipped with an integral heat sink
WO1997025741A1 (en) * 1996-01-04 1997-07-17 Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft Cooling unit with pin elements
US6039114A (en) * 1996-01-04 2000-03-21 Daimler - Benz Aktiengesellschaft Cooling body having lugs
US5785116A (en) * 1996-02-01 1998-07-28 Hewlett-Packard Company Fan assisted heat sink device
US5740013A (en) * 1996-07-03 1998-04-14 Hewlett-Packard Company Electronic device enclosure having electromagnetic energy containment and heat removal characteristics
US5794685A (en) * 1996-12-17 1998-08-18 Hewlett-Packard Company Heat sink device having radial heat and airflow paths
US20040055580A1 (en) * 1999-02-09 2004-03-25 Hitachi, Ltd. High pressure fuel supply pump for internal combustion engine
US6176299B1 (en) 1999-02-22 2001-01-23 Agilent Technologies, Inc. Cooling apparatus for electronic devices
US6371200B1 (en) * 1999-11-18 2002-04-16 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Perforated heat sink
US20030131973A1 (en) * 2000-09-20 2003-07-17 Rajesh Nair Uniform heat dissipating and cooling heat sink
US6942025B2 (en) * 2000-09-20 2005-09-13 Degree Controls, Inc. Uniform heat dissipating and cooling heat sink
EP1202346A1 (en) * 2000-09-29 2002-05-02 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Heat sink arrangement
US6390181B1 (en) * 2000-10-04 2002-05-21 David R. Hall Densely finned tungsten carbide and polycrystalline diamond cooling module
US6498395B2 (en) * 2000-11-24 2002-12-24 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Heat sink with cooling fins for semiconductor package
DE10134187B4 (en) * 2001-07-13 2006-09-14 Semikron Elektronik Gmbh & Co. Kg Cooling device for semiconductor modules
DE10134187A1 (en) * 2001-07-13 2003-01-30 Semikron Elektronik Gmbh Cooler for power semiconductor components and modules with individual cooling elements in two-dimensional matrix
US20030066626A1 (en) * 2001-10-04 2003-04-10 John Bird Cooling system having independent fan location
US20030183368A1 (en) * 2002-04-02 2003-10-02 Paradis Leo Richard Diamond heat sink
US20080041560A1 (en) * 2002-04-02 2008-02-21 Paradis Leo R Diamond heat sink
US6661666B1 (en) 2002-09-24 2003-12-09 Agilent Technologies, Inc. Device for enhancing the local cooling of electronic packages subject to laminar air flow
US20040183385A1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-09-23 Hitachi, Ltd. Multi-phase alternating-current rotational electric machine
US7075201B2 (en) 2003-03-17 2006-07-11 Hitachi, Ltd. Multi-phase alternating-current rotational electric machine
EP1460749A1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-09-22 Hitachi, Ltd. Multi-phase alternating-current rotational electric machine
US20050199383A1 (en) * 2004-03-09 2005-09-15 King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals Hybrid cooling system and method for cooling electronic devices
US6955215B2 (en) 2004-03-09 2005-10-18 King Fahd University Of Petroleum And Minerals Hybrid cooling system and method for cooling electronic devices
US20060268510A1 (en) * 2005-05-25 2006-11-30 Jeong Kwang J Plasma display device
US7408777B2 (en) * 2005-05-25 2008-08-05 Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd. Plasma display device
US8789578B2 (en) * 2005-10-28 2014-07-29 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Cooling structure for electric device
US20090095450A1 (en) * 2005-10-28 2009-04-16 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Cooling structure for electric device
US20090173559A1 (en) * 2006-05-17 2009-07-09 Yoshiyuki Nakamura Battery pack and vehicle
US20080017365A1 (en) * 2006-07-21 2008-01-24 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Heat sink
US20080144279A1 (en) * 2006-11-30 2008-06-19 Fuji Electric Fa Components & Systems Co., Ltd. Heat sink
US20090310310A1 (en) * 2007-03-19 2009-12-17 Fujitsu Limited Heat sink, electronic device, and method of manufacturing electronic device
US20130334915A1 (en) * 2010-12-20 2013-12-19 Valeo Equipements Electriques Moteur Voltage regulator device for a rotary electric machine, bearing for such a machine equipped with such a device and such a machine comprising such a bearing
US9559562B2 (en) * 2010-12-20 2017-01-31 Valeo Equipements Electriques Moteur Voltage regulator device for rotary electric machine, bearing for rotary electric machine equipped with such device and machine comprising such bearing
US20120169162A1 (en) * 2010-12-31 2012-07-05 Zhongshan Broad-Ocean Motor Co., Ltd. Structure for heat dissipation of motors
US9088194B2 (en) * 2010-12-31 2015-07-21 Zhongshan Broad-Ocean Motor Co., Ltd. Structure for heat dissipation of motors
USD822624S1 (en) 2016-08-30 2018-07-10 Abl Ip Holding Llc Heat sink
EP3324111A1 (en) * 2016-11-21 2018-05-23 ABL IP Holding LLC Heat sink
US20180142964A1 (en) * 2016-11-21 2018-05-24 Abl Ip Holding Llc Heatsink
USD822626S1 (en) 2016-11-21 2018-07-10 Abl Ip Holding Llc Heatsink

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5483098A (en) Drop-in heat sink package with window frame flag
US5198964A (en) Packaged semiconductor device and electronic device module including same
US5933327A (en) Wire bond attachment of a integrated circuit package to a heat sink
US4607685A (en) Heat sink for integrated circuit package
US6146921A (en) Cavity mold cap BGA package with post mold thermally conductive epoxy attach heat sink
US6246115B1 (en) Semiconductor package having a heat sink with an exposed surface
US6432750B2 (en) Power module package having insulator type heat sink attached to rear surface of lead frame and manufacturing method thereof
US4698662A (en) Multichip thin film module
US4774635A (en) Semiconductor package with high density I/O lead connection
US6169660B1 (en) Stress relieved integrated circuit cooler
US6748350B2 (en) Method to compensate for stress between heat spreader and thermal interface material
US7126218B1 (en) Embedded heat spreader ball grid array
US5430611A (en) Spring-biased heat sink assembly for a plurality of integrated circuits on a substrate
US5894108A (en) Plastic package with exposed die
US5132875A (en) Removable protective heat sink for electronic components
US5541446A (en) Integrated circuit package with improved heat dissipation
US6691768B2 (en) Heatsink design for uniform heat dissipation
US5828549A (en) Combination heat sink and air duct for cooling processors with a series air flow
US5256598A (en) Shrink accommodating lead frame
US6380048B1 (en) Die paddle enhancement for exposed pad in semiconductor packaging
US6550531B1 (en) Vapor chamber active heat sink
US5699227A (en) Heat pipe to baseplate attachment method
US5598031A (en) Electrically and thermally enhanced package using a separate silicon substrate
US6044899A (en) Low EMI emissions heat sink device
US5594234A (en) Downset exposed die mount pad leadframe and package

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: BURROUGHS CORPORATION, DETROIT, MI., A CORP. OF MI

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:MOORE, RICHARD M.;REEL/FRAME:004071/0390

Effective date: 19821123

AS Assignment

Owner name: UNISYS CORPORATION, PENNSYLVANIA

Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:BURROUGHS CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:005012/0501

Effective date: 19880509

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 8

REMI Maintenance fee reminder mailed
LAPS Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
FP Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee

Effective date: 19970910