US452308A - William lee - Google Patents

William lee Download PDF

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US452308A
US452308A US452308DA US452308A US 452308 A US452308 A US 452308A US 452308D A US452308D A US 452308DA US 452308 A US452308 A US 452308A
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water
box
cellar
pipe
drainer
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04FPUMPING OF FLUID BY DIRECT CONTACT OF ANOTHER FLUID OR BY USING INERTIA OF FLUID TO BE PUMPED; SIPHONS
    • F04F5/00Jet pumps, i.e. devices in which flow is induced by pressure drop caused by velocity of another fluid flow
    • F04F5/44Component parts, details, or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04F5/02 - F04F5/42
    • F04F5/46Arrangements of nozzles
    • F04F5/464Arrangements of nozzles with inversion of the direction of flow

Description

(No Model.)

W. LEE.

CELLAR DRAINER. No. 452,308. Patented May 12,1891.

B A C F i WITNESSES: NTORz' BY 0AM 3.-(LW

ATTORNEY.

THE News PETERS c0, Pum'wumm, wAsnmnmN, n. c. l

UNITE STATES PATENT OFFICE.

\VILLIAM LEE, OF BALTIMORE, MARYLAND, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO OLIVER IIOBLITZELL, OF SAME PLACE.

CELLAR-DRAINER.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 452,308, dated May 12, 1891.

Application filed February 7, 1891. $erial No. 380,700. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, WILLIAM LEE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Baltimore, in the State of Maryland, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Cellar- Drainers, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to cellar-drainers; and the object is to provide means for preventing the flooding of cellars caused bya back action of the water in the drainer.

With this end in view the invention consists in the peculiarities of construction and combination of parts described hereinafter, and pointed out in the claims.

In the accompanying drawing, illustrating the invention, the figure shows a vertical section of a drainer constructed after my improved plan.

My invention is specially applicable as an improvement to be applied to that class of cellar-drainers where the pressure of the city water in the water-pipes is utilized in lifting the water in the cellar and carrying it to the ground surface, and in the drawing I have represented a construction of drainer similar to that now in use.

The letter A designates a box which receives the cellar Water and into which leads the city water-pipe B, which has a suitable governing-cock b. This pipe enters the said box from beneath the same and is provided with a vertical spray-nozzle c, which projects up in the box near the top. A drain-pipe D leads out of the top of the box A, having a funnel-shaped inlet end (1 directly over the upper end of said spray-nozzle c, and said drain-pipe is extended up to the ground surface and carries the water off from the cellar.

This is the Well-known cellardrainer and works as follows: The cellar water flows into and fills the box A, and the pressure of the city water in the pipe 13 causes a fine spray to be thrown from the nozzle 0 up the drainpipe D. This will cause the cellar water to be lifted into the said pipe D and discharged through the same to the ground surface. A suitable plug e is placed in the city water pipe 13, back of the pressure-nozzle c, to facilitate cleaning of the latter.

In using this style of drainer it has been found that there is a liability of flooding the cellarby aback action of the water caused by a letting down of the pressure in the city water-pipe or by any of the pipes becoming stopped up. My invention is designed to overcome this, and in carrying out the same I provide an auxiliary box F, located beside the box A and preferably cast integral therewith. 'The two boxes have direct communication with each other through a screen j, which fits in vertical slidewaysj cast in the boxes. A common cover on closes both the boxes and is secured by bolts 01.. An inletneck 9 rises from the top of the box F. Its lower end, which opens into the box, is conical or funnel shaped, as shown ath, and the box contains a float ball-valve h, which is adapted to seat in the said conical part h of the inlet-neck and thereby close it. A perforated c'ap t is secured on the upper end of the neck 9 and acts as a strainer.

My device operates, in conjunction with the drainer already described, as follows: The cellar water enters the perforated cap 2' and passes down the neck 9 into the box F and through the screen j into the box A and is lifted out through the pipe D, as previously described,by the city water pressure. While this takes place it will be seen that the ballvalve 71 is kept down in the box F by the intlowing cellar water; but as soon as there is a back action of the water, which may be caused, as previously explained, by a letting down of pressure in the city pipe or by the pipes becoming stopped up, it will be observed that the ball-valve It will be immediately floated up to its seat in the conical part of the heck g, and will thus close the latter and effectually prevent the water from flowing back into the cellar and flooding the same. When the drainer is restored to working order, it will be obvious that the ball will drop from its seat in the neck 9 and the water will flow around it into the box F and out through the drain-pipe. Thus I provide a non-flooding at taohment forcellar-drainers, which is simple, sure, and effective in its operation.

The ball-valve may be of any suitable material; but I prefer to use a hollow rubber ball, which best answers the purpose.

The screen j catches the dirt and other foreign matter in the cellar-water, which lessens the liability of the pipes becoming stopped up, and also confines the ball-valve to its own box.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-- 1. In a cellar-drainer, the combination of a box having a drain-pipe and a pressure-nozzle, an auxiliary box located beside the said primaryloox and communicating therewith, an inlet-neck rising from the top of said auxiliary box, and a floating ball-valve confined in the latter and adapted to be floated into the lower end of said inlet-neck to close the same when a back action of water takes place in the drainer.

2. The combination, in a cellar-drainer, of a box having a pressure-nozzle c, a drain-pipe D, leading from the box, a cellar-water inlet neck provided with a conical end h, and a floating ball-valve 7L, adapted to seat in said conical end and close the inlet when a back action of the water takes place in the drainer.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.

\VIL'LIAH LEE.

\Vitnesses:

F. P. DAVIS, J NO. T. MADDOX.

US452308A William lee Expired - Lifetime US452308A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3352248A (en) * 1966-06-20 1967-11-14 Lloyd F Bender Fluid conveying apparatus
US3353497A (en) * 1967-02-03 1967-11-21 George K Williams Pump apparatus
US3420181A (en) * 1966-12-12 1969-01-07 Norman Berry Pumping system
US20040179552A1 (en) * 1998-04-01 2004-09-16 Panasonic Communications Co., Ltd. Activation of multiple xDSL modems with implicit channel probe

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3352248A (en) * 1966-06-20 1967-11-14 Lloyd F Bender Fluid conveying apparatus
US3420181A (en) * 1966-12-12 1969-01-07 Norman Berry Pumping system
US3353497A (en) * 1967-02-03 1967-11-21 George K Williams Pump apparatus
US20040179552A1 (en) * 1998-04-01 2004-09-16 Panasonic Communications Co., Ltd. Activation of multiple xDSL modems with implicit channel probe

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