US448890A - Tubular boiler - Google Patents

Tubular boiler Download PDF

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US448890A
US448890A US448890DA US448890A US 448890 A US448890 A US 448890A US 448890D A US448890D A US 448890DA US 448890 A US448890 A US 448890A
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tubes
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boiler
tube
vertical
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B17/00Water-tube boilers of horizontally-inclined type, e.g. the water-tube sets being inclined slightly with respect to the horizontal plane
    • F22B17/10Water-tube boilers of horizontally-inclined type, e.g. the water-tube sets being inclined slightly with respect to the horizontal plane built-up from water-tube sets in abutting connection with two sectional headers each for every set, i.e. with headers in a number of sections across the width or height of the boiler

Description

(No Model.) 2 sheets-sheet 1.
H. S-KINNER. TUBULAR BOILBR.
No. 448,890. Patented Mar. 24, 189.1.
me noms varias un., maro-uma.. wnsmnG-ron, uA c.
I(No Model.) 2 sheets-sheet 2f H. SKINNER.
TUBULAR BOILBR. No. 448,890. Patented Mar. 24, 1891.
(m zfllgg 4 #2 m i il` @Q I g a l 9 l?L E 22 di NTTED STATES PATENT Tirion.
HALCYON SKINNER, OF YONKERS, NEV YORK.
TUBULAR BOILER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 448,890, dated March 24, 1891.
` Application filed April 5, 1890. Serial No. 346,713. (No model.)
To @ZZ whom' t may concern:
Be it known that 1,-HALCYON SKINNER, of Yonkers, in the county of Westchester and State of New York, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Tubu'lar Boilers, of which the following is a specification.
The object is to provide an eminently feasible structure in this type of boiler in which a great extent of boiler-surface shall be exposed to the direct action of the iire and k'in which a rapid circulation shall be maintained.
A practical embodiment of the features of my invention will be part-icularly described in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is a view of the boiler in front elevation, partly in section, with casing removed, the line of section being denoted by yq, Fig. 2. Fig., 2 is atop plan view with top of casing removed. Fig. 3 isa horizontal section on the line :c .r of Fig. l, the grate being omitted. Fig. et is a view in detail representing a partial side elevation of certain parts; and Fig. 5 .is an enlarged view, in detail, of one of the connections.
A represents the base of the boiler, which forms a support Jfor the tubular structure and contains a chamber c, extending around the lower margin of the structure and serves as a means of free communication between the lower ends of the series of tubes around the outside of the boiler. The form of the base in the present instance is substantially rect' Along the opposite sides of the' tubes B, a tube B is located with its exterior.
surface in proximity to the tubes B. The tubes B B are connected with the baseA by means of short tubes or nipples h, which are conveniently screwed into the face at one end and at the opposite end threaded fora distance sufficient to admit of being screwed into the end of one of the tubes and receive a locknut b for adjusting them in position.
The tubes of the series B B are connected in pairs at their upper ends by return-bends O, which extend from the top of one of the tubes B up, over, and down into the top of thc tube B', adjacent thereto. The end cof the return-bend O which extends into the top of the tube B is projected downwardly within said tube to a point below the outlet-pipe L, which will be hereinafter referred to.
The tubes ofo'ne of the series B and B are connected with theltubesof the series B B on the opposite sideof the boiler by tubes K K', located at intervals throughout the length of the tubes B B and extending from their point of connection with one of the v tubes in a slanting direction upwardly to their connection with the tube on the opposite side. As represented in the accompanying drawings, the tubes of the series B on the left are each connected with vtheir corresponding tubes on the right by a series of slanting tubes K, which extend upwardly from the left toward the right, and each of the tubes B on the right is connected with its corresponding tube on the left by a series oftubes K', which extend upwardly in a slanting direction from the right toward the left. It, moreover, follows from the arrangement of the series of tubes on the right and left, as hereinabove particularlyreferred to, that the distance between the axes of the tubes of two vertical series of cross-tubes K K will be less than the diameter' of one of the tubes B or B', so that these vertical series of cross-'tubes are brought into closer proximity to one another, and a greater amount of boiler-surface is thereby exposed to the direct action of the fire, while at the'same time the circulation is direct from the cross-tube into its upright. In order to allow for expansion and contraction,the tubes K K are slightlybent,as shown. The connection of the cross-tube with its upright at the lower end maybe eifected by simply screwing the end of the tube into the upright, and its connection at the upper end may be conveniently elfected by screwing a short tube-section 7e, Fig. 5, into the upright, coupling the end of the cross-tube K by a threaded collar k', for example, and adjusting the same IOO by means of a lock-nut 7c?, screwed onto the end of the short tube.
The tendency ot` the slanting tubes, arranged as above described, each series slanting upwardly in the opposite direction from the series immediately adjacent thereto, is to gradually divert the flame and products ot combustion from the middle portion et the fire-chamber oit toward the sides, exposing thereby the cross-tubes throughout their entire length to substantially uniform heat, and also directing the heat toward the vertical tubes.
Above the cross-tubes K K two horizontal separating-drums C C are located. In the present-instance they are shown extending from front to real. The said separatingdrums communicate with the series of side tubes by horizontal tubes L, communicating with the side tubes a short distance below their upper ends and connected with horizontal tubes F, extending parallel with the series of side tubes by upright tubes Z, the horizontal tubes F being connected with the drums by tubes G, having a downwardlyturned section g.
The boiler is provided at its front and rear with a single series of tubes B2. The tubes 32 communicate with the base A in a manner similar to that described in connection with the tubes B B', and at their upper ends they communicate with horizon tal tubes Il by means of branch pipes M. The tubes H communicate with the drums C and C through drop connections 71.. The drums C C are connected at their opposite ends with the upright tubes B2 by means of short horizontal tubes N, which serve as a means of support for the drums. In front of the furnace the upright tubes B2 along the central portion are stopped short of the base and are connected with a eross-tube P, the ends of the latter being connected with the fulllength tubes at the right and left for purposes ot' support and free circulation. rlhe space left by the shortening of certain tubes at the front affords access to the lire-pot.
Between and above the drums C C the steam-dome D is located, and is connected with the drums by pipes E, which extend upward and over to the common connection e. The whole is surrounded by a suitable casing Q, and a suitable grate R is provided at the base.
Because of the extent of boiler-surface exposed to the re and the arrangement of the tubes in such a manner as to admit a very rapid circulation, the water at the upper portions of the vertical tubes D D will become more or less agitated under the impulse ot' the rapidly-forming steam inthe cross-tubes. In order to separate the water which might be carried along with the steam from the steam at the upper portion of the boiler-tubes and return it into the water portion of the boiler at the earliest moment, I provide the return-bends O, referred to in the above description, so that any water which is carried over from the series of vertical tubes, which receives the upper ends of the cross-tubes, will be carried down by the extended end of the return-bend past the steam-outlet L, while the steam will pass into the horizontal pipes L and thence into the drums C C, from the upper portions of which t-he steam is taken and conducted to the steam-dome D.
It is evident that the boiler constructed as above described may be made ot' such dimensions as to accommodate itself to different spaces intended for its reception to suit the varying demands. i
Vhat I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-- l. The combination, with series of tubes arranged upon opposite sides of the boiler and copnected by cross-tubes, one of the series upon one side ot the boiler receiving the upper ends of the cross-tubes and another series on the same side receiving the lower ends of the cross-tubes, of return-bends connecting the tops of the series which receive the upper ends of the cross-tubes with the tops of the series of tubes which receive the lower ends ot' the cross-tubes, substantially as set forth.
2. In a steam-boiler, a series of intercommunicating boiler-sections, each section consisting ot two vertical tubes located at opposite sides of the combustion-chamber, and a series of bent inclined cross-tubes connecting the two vertical tubes, and a water-base with which the vertical tubes communicate, the vertical tubes of one section being located in practical contact with and in staggered relation to the vertical tubes of the adjacent section, substantially as set forth.
3. In a steam-boiler, two series of vertical tubes arranged upon one side of the boiler and two corresponding series of tubes arranged upon the opposite side, the tubes of one of the two series on each side of the boiler being located opposite the spaces between the individual tubes of the other series and in practical contact with the adjacent tubes of the other series, the distance between two successive tubes of a series being less than the diameter of one of the tubes, and crosstubes connecting each of the series on one side of the boiler with a series upon the opposite side of the boiler, substantially as set forth.
1t. The combination, with two series of vcrtieal tubes and outlet-pipes extending from below the upper ends of one ot' the series of tubes to a steam-chamber, of return-bends extending from the tops of the other series of tubes up, over, and down into the upper ends of the series of tubes with which the outletpipes engage, the ends of the return-bends projecting downwardly into said tubes below the said outlet-pipes,substantially as set forth. 5. The herein-described boiler, comprising a base having a water-chamber extending around the lower margin of the boiler, vertical tubes arranged indouble series at the IOC IOS
IIO
Sides of the boiler and in single series at the front and back of the boiler, cross-tubes connectin g the series of vertical tubes at the sides of the boiler and having an upward slant alternately in opposite directions, separatingdrums located above the cross-tubes, a steamdome located centrally above the separatingdrurns, tubes extending parallel with the drums at the upper portion of the boiler and 1o connected With the vertical tubes by branch tubes, tubes extending transversely to the separating-drums and connected with the upper portions of the front and back, Vertical tubes, and connections between the said tubes at the top of the boiler, the separating-drums, 15
and the steam-dom e, substantially as set forth.`
H ALGYON SKIN NER. Witnesses:
O. B. WARING, JAMES S. FITCH.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2589218A (en) * 1948-08-31 1952-03-18 Carl E Bishop Sectional demountable steam generator

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2589218A (en) * 1948-08-31 1952-03-18 Carl E Bishop Sectional demountable steam generator

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