US44808A - Improvement in power-looms for weaving hair-cloth - Google Patents

Improvement in power-looms for weaving hair-cloth Download PDF


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US44808A US44808DA US44808A US 44808 A US44808 A US 44808A US 44808D A US44808D A US 44808DA US 44808 A US44808 A US 44808A
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    • D03WEAVING
    • D03D49/00Details or constructional features not peculiar to looms of a particular type
    • D03D49/70Devices for cutting weft threads


N0. 44,808, PATENTED 00T. 25, 1864. l I. LINDSLEY.


No. 44,908. i y@Mmmm 00T. 2551854 yI. LINDSLBY.

POWER LOOM POR WEAVING HAIRGLUTH l with the contiguous parts of the loom.- 7 is a like view ofsaid machine end parts of UNITED v'*,Sitirres V.lfvrniSifr OFFICE..

Isaac LINDSLEY, oF'PAWfrUcKnr, nnonn ISLAND.


Specication forniing part of Letters Patent No. 421S0k8, dated OctoberAQ, 1864 antedatcd sp'rn as, 1sc4.' l

To all whom it may concern.'

Pawtucket, in the county of Prbvideiiceaand ,State cfIiRhode Island, have invented a. new and nseflimprovemenoin power looms for weaving hair-cloth.and fabrics' in which the weft is composed of separate lengths `of material'instead of being continuons; and I do hereby declare that the following,-` is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, refer ence being had tothe 'accompanying drawings,

` makingypartof this specification, in which- Figure l is afront elevation of the machine wlii'chexnbodies my improvement. Fig. 2 is a 'side elevation of the same. -Fig. 3 is a rear elevation of the same, -croi' the reverse end from thatshown in Fig. 1." -;.`Eig. 4 is a plan of the ',machine. Fig' 5 is einigte of ade-tacked por Vtion of Fig. el, -illustrat'iire of the-peculiar mode of operation hereinafter described. Fig. 6 is a rear elevation of 'the said machine arranged Fig.

the loom in a dierent position relatively from that ofFig. 6, thetwo figures illustrating'the peculiar mode of operation hereinafter described -as produced by the he'a'ting'move-A w ments ofthe lathe.

Similar letters' of reference,irnlicntecorre rspendi-ng parts'in all the ures.

The apparatus representedin the said draw'- ings i's a modified construction ofthe appara. tus for feeding or serving the weft to' haircloth looms which is shown and described. in Letters Patent of the United States nu'ln'l her Low-32,634, bearing date J une 25,' 41861.

'The Vtirst feature of my improvement relates to the construction of `the repeating mechanism or means by which, in case that the selectt in g-instrnnient fails to select a hair or weft 'at its rst e'ort, the operationwill be repeated several times during `a single beat: .of the lathe. In the patent-before mentioned the detect or stop by which the opera-tion of the selecting device was arrested when 'a weft was selected Was controlled by the Aposition of the pad (so called,) the movement of which depended upon the seizure of faweit by the selectin ginstrnment, the pad in that instance 4performing the double pur-pose' of Aholding' the.

weft in the notch ofthe lance71orselectinginstrumenthand also of `controlling the stop I; before mentioned. .By my present improve- Be it known that, I, ISAAC LINDsL-EY, of

'ment these functions are separated; and this -part ofmy invention consists in controlling vthe operation of' the stop by means of a deli .cate linger or detector that has a movement' lacross the position of the selected weft after each operation of the selecting instr'nmenthe tween the same andthe mass-of weft when the weft is notpresent, or is arrested by thel weft when itis present. By the first-named condition-the stop is placed so as to be inoperative, and per'inits,t.he operation of the of my invention consists in lthe employment,

in "connection with thevselecting mechanism,

of a second detent or stop, which arrests the: selecting mechanism in a position to be out of the Way .of the nipper, and is brought into vaction with each backward movcme t ci the lathe in case that the weft fails to be selecte/d, and continues in action during anydetermined number of picks, andv is then automatically released.

To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my said invention, Ixwill proceed to describe the construction and operation of 4the saine.

' `In the drawings, A is the bed-plate of the apparatus, which is designed to lie-'firmly `secured to the metal plate B, (shown in dotted lines,) extending from the left endet' the race- 'bca-m G of the lathe. AGis an upright stand on -the bed-plate A, in the upper part of which is formed suitable bearings for the driving shaft c. lIn the front ci" the stand C is fitteda slide, ol, which is connected by the rodf to] a stud or crank-pin in the face-of the wheel f,

Figs. l and 2, on the drivingLshaft'aJhe re elution of which is thus made to reciprocct the 'slide d vertically. The lance or selecting instrument k is scoured in'thev lower part of the slide d by means of a binder,"t, with set*-4 screws or otherwise, and the downward movement of the slide plunges the selecting device into the-mass'of hair or weft-,which is held in a`` suitable receptacle, e e, beneath it, in .doing which one of the hairs or wei'ts is .caught-'by the selecting-instrument andfwitlrthe upward.

movement of the slide is deiiected. from the t mass and'hcld in the proper position, :iside `from it, as shown in Ifignl, to 'beseiz'ed 4by the nipper bet/Weenthe-selecting-instrument' and the mas's'andl drawn into the open shed.

The padfi,vinvvthis improvedjconstruction,

'. consists ol? asurlaceupon the lower pait'of la' t sliding sleeve, y, which inclosestheshank of the selectinginstrument:4 in a kind: of sheath, f from which it protrudes to catch-ahai-r orweft' i vfrom the mass'fby the movement-'above mcntioned, and bythe reaction of the spiral spring .7'3, or an equivalent yielding lforce, caused by the upward moven 'e it; vof lthe slide d, is-drawn tinto thesaidsheath, 'carrying the hairorwei'tso-selected against 4the pad i onl the sleeve, which forms a bightintle weft and holds the i same-in 'the cnstod y ofthe selectin g-instrment ;until it is seized and disengaged therefrom by ithenippvx-,fto be drawn into the open shed. l The operationofthe selecting device is ar irestcd and it is heldin its proper position aside from the mass offweft when a. weft' has been if-'selected' vby means of a. datent ors'top, h, at

thepcriphery-of th'ewheel P and a pa'wl, 11, on the end ofthe rod o, which engages with the -sop hat the -propertimgand thereby pref events thewhecl from turningand reciprocat- E'ing the slide-d and operating the 4parts connected therewith The pawlb is withheld from 'engaging with the stop h by the force 0i' the spring 5, which' is suitably arranged for `the purpose, and its en gngeincnt is effectedby means oft odi, which connects it with .the inechanisi that governs and controls the repeating movement oi .the select-ing device fabovefmentiontd. l v p This mechanism consists of a delicate finger or-detector, s, Figs. 1' and 3 swinging on a.

pivotfa, connected with the sleeve y,'or other- :wise nrrangedto -move across'the position of i the selected'n-e-f't, and having. a'iingenc, or Y F' an" equivalent device to communicate motion Ito the connecting rod j, and thence to the pawl bj, and a'ithird finger, tl,- wh-ich slides upon a .'-stationary inclined snrfaceym,v conveniently to select a weftri'rognv the mass, the comes in eontaclw'itihgtejinclined surface m, .and by'sliding thereon f sings the detector 's beneathand to one side of the selecting-mvstrnmentr,'the-[same increment'. swinging the linger o directly beneath the projecting piece -igonthc lower end of' the connecting-rod j, and when .the 'selectingLinsti-ument asccnds .after'bein'giplunged intotheinass oi weit, and

one ofthe hairs'o'r wefts. is selected and del fl'ected, 'tliercfron1`, jthe spiralgsln-ing I-onthe .pivote swings the dctectorsback to its former 4 position, in doing whichV i't 'is'arrested by 'the presence' of .the selected weft, and, resting` with which vitcomes in contact. and lifts, and vwith itthe rod j, the upper end ofl the latter `serving toiswing vthev pawl b into engagement with-the stop hon the wheel P andarresting its revolution=with the selected weft' sufficiently deilected'to-be seized by the nippel' between the" selectingLinstrument and the mass'. Should the selecting-instrument, h ow-.I everf, v"to, select. a: weft' fromthe mass, the' absenceof the deflected weft permits the de tector 'to swing across the position `it, would otherwise occupy, and its linger rv t'o swing vvfrom beneath the projection j of' the connect'- ingfrod j, which, with the pawl b,'rema1ns nnmoved during the ascending movement ot'4 the z slide d, and no engagement of the pawl b with the stop' h takes place, and the'whecljP there:l fore continues. to revolveand repeat the op-A eration of the selecting-instrument one or more ytimes until -a' weft' 'is selected, when the. operation is arrested, 4asbei'ore explained.-

When the selectedhinhas been disenby which the operation of 'thefselecting device y wasarrested holds thewheel P from turning .untilwiththe forward beat of the lat-he the 'endfof the rod o` comes in contact with-thehiclincd surface' of 4the dog L on the stationai y arm H,'extendingfr`omthe frameof the loom.,

as shown in Fig.,4,'whicli. has the'ctl'cct to slide the rod yo lengthwise and the pawl bl on= the op'posite end 'aside from the' stop' h, and 'thereby'disengage the satneand permit the vwheel I to resume'its revolutions,fthe rod o springwhich enoircles' it, the band lm3, 'by

which the shaft at` is driven, being allowed 'to slipin the groove 'of the wheel l durin/gits When' the .detention by the detenlgor stop. l y 'rod o meetsthe-'dog L during the backward' allows thetend ofthe rod to pass,'as shown in hig. 5,'after which it is swung back to its' former position 'by the 'spiral spring l5.

g Wlienthe 'selectinginst'rument fails to fse lect aweft during the backward l beat ol' the lathe,a continuance .of its operation would' render the selecting device liable toicollisionf' withgtlie nppe'r, and. to benjnrediu conselgy{que-nce;'ilo'prevent lthis casualty I ,have prevlinger t against said weft, itfgives' a position 'toitsfl linger vdirectly. beneath the projectionl',

ga ged from the selectinglin'strumentf by the nippel, to be drawninto the open shed, the stop bcingretnrned to,- its first position by the spiral.'

'beat offthe lathe, the dog swings' aside andgv riously invented andpsuccessfully applied the second'detent or .stop shown in Figs'. 2,\ 3, 6, and 7, consisting ofthe lever or pawl T, .which is thrown vup to engage-with ythe notched disk E-on the shaft a., nearly t theoompletion 'of A the'backward beat of the lathe 'by means vof the lever N, the free end of which is connected by the rod m2 to the pawl T2, and is depressed bysliding against the stationary incline F, as shown in Fig. 6, and the pawl TISz is withheldfrom engagement with the disk E bythe spiral spring nl, ywhich returns th clever N and the parts conneetedtherewith tothe position shown in Fig. 7, when the lathe swings forward. 'Wheln however, the' revolution ofthe. Y shalt t lisy arrested by' the actlonof the detent or. stop z in the manner above explaineththel pnwl'l2 is disengaged fro'mthegiotoh Z in the disk .E by pushing the pavrl.A aside from the notch. by means of the rod Q,-to ,which the pnwl is'connected,m1e'end of said rod strikng against the inclined surfaceof the dog .L in the manner beforeexplainedyas shown. in Fig. 4, by the'fforward movement Iof the lathe.

ln order to' hold 'over'or suspend the opera .tlnn vof the 'selecting dev'iceiduringthe numlnrt picks required in working' the round of A`the ligure in.'veavng"haircloth,'so that 'in- .misc a; wetfnilsto be supplied to the Dipper by .the selecting device its selectin g operations when arrested "by, 'the means above. mentioned shall be 'suspended' during the.delermi n ed number of 'picks' nntil tliracant shed is reorene`d, 1 arrange in connection with the de-l tent or stop'nbove inentionedan indexer counting device, which is fully shown in Figs.- 2,6,and 7, and 'consists ol' a notched segment, Vi, extending from' the pawl orleverfl, and af pnwl J, pivoted" to the sliding rod Q and engaging' \\'itli 't he notches of snidsegmentl to. swing it und the paln'lllagains he action of thcspiral spring Chinthe:direction indicated notches with each Vsliding movement ,or "i1n pnlsejnthe"rodQ, produced by itsst'riliing :against tliejnclined surface of-thel stationary degli witlieaoh-'forwerd beatof the lathe, in

th'o 'manner above'explniped. t l

l Thedetentor notch Z ismadc `s`ulicenlly deep und. acute t'o-rctnfin-` thjtginwl vwhen it is thronjirp and becomesengnged therewith f-xrhjeuno w't-.t't is selectcd,"asabove explained. (hr-the .other hand, thesald notch. is withheld om receiving andengaging the pawl u by the ac'tiquofthe nist-mentioned stop h when Ilv weft lmslwen selected (the actionv of the `lllvnoml sto`p 4z vvbeingI .,unnecessary) .and the Thora are as manynotches in the segment V "nsthere're pickain working the round of t-he tlgnre,1.wl|ich, in y weaving hair-cloth, 'usually :numbers tive, and thez paw1v2is= of such a nitlthgggt it will slide-laterally in the notch-Y v Z during/the intermittent sliding movement producedby the successive engagementsotf the `paw1 J yivitlrt-he t'rstlfour (l, 2 3 4)t noteh'es of the segment -at'the termination of' the successive .forward-beatsfof' therlathe and` preceding. the 'reopening of the vacant shed,

when byfithe next engagement with Ythe fifth,

5,..notch ot' the segment thepanrl v2 is pushed'4 aside from the notch Z, and the selecting' opera-v tion Is' permitted-to resume' with the reopening; of the vacant shed.. The -engage'mentof the; pawl T2 takes place when the selectinginstrument fails to select a .weft during the bach-l Ward beat of the lathe, and the'index-or seg-g ment V determines by count thenumber ci? f picks whioh'should be Worked during the 'suspension ofthe selecting operation, and permits said operation to resume automatically at tneproperv time,l and sotosuspendand resume automatically as often as the continivv gency occurs...

Hu'ingihufs described my invention, I'Wisl.

it understood thatflldoV not limit myself to the particular constructionl of the parts as described; butil claim all merely formal varia- VJtionsnthereot.performing'the same mode ot operation by equivalentmeans; also, that I have successfully applied and connected the sinnedfwith the operation 'of the;selectin1g mechanism, and the modo of operation result.

ing therefrom, forms lthe su'bjeet-matter'ofl a separate application.

What I claim, and desire to secure by Lct- 1. Controlling the operations ofthe select-v' 'I Aing mechanism by means of adetector, eoustru'cted and operating substantially as dof; V scribed..

'2. The mode of operation,'substantially.ns

specified byl which, in 'case' the. selecting'im 1 4strument fails to. select and presenta length of Vweft .to the instrumentthat plaoes'itin the open shed during 'the period allotted'therfor,

its. selectin ggfunction is' in consequenee'fthere after suspended during any determined numbe'r ot: pieks,.and resumed with-"the'reopening -of the proper slied,iand Aso continues 'teens-- pend and resume its functionsautomatically Vuntil a. vlength vot'.weft is selected and inserted in t-he proper vshed,land to do'so repeatedly as often as such contingencyoccurs.


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