US4428658A - Combined film cassette unloading and film processing device - Google Patents

Combined film cassette unloading and film processing device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US4428658A
US4428658A US06438812 US43881282A US4428658A US 4428658 A US4428658 A US 4428658A US 06438812 US06438812 US 06438812 US 43881282 A US43881282 A US 43881282A US 4428658 A US4428658 A US 4428658A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
film
container
tank
spiral
cassette
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
US06438812
Inventor
Michael H. Moore
George F. A. M. Turner
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ciba-Geigy AG
Original Assignee
Ciba-Geigy AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03DAPPARATUS FOR PROCESSING EXPOSED PHOTOGRAPHIC MATERIALS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • G03D13/00Processing apparatus or accessories therefor, not covered by groups G11B3/00 - G11B11/00
    • G03D13/02Containers; Holding-devices
    • G03D13/04Trays; Dishes; Tanks Drums
    • G03D13/06Light-tight tanks with provision for loading in daylight

Abstract

A film cassette unloading and film processing device comprises a light-sealable container having means to hold a film cassette in such a manner that a length of film can be withdrawn therefrom, together with a film cutting means. A lid member of a processing tank of the film-holding spiral type, is rotatably but detachably mounted in a light-tight manner in one side of the container, the spiral being attached to the lid member and so located in the container that the film from a cassette can be wound thereon. On the opposite side of the container there is located a tank-completing base member which, together with the lid member and the spiral, forms a processing tank of the film-holding spiral type. The base member is so held in a light-tight manner that, when the film from the cassette has been wound onto the spiral and its end cut free from the cassette, the base member can be fitted on to the lid member and the tank can be completed while both members are connected to the light-tight container, whereupon the processing tank can be removed from the container as a unit once it has been assembled.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to a combined film cassette unloading and film processing device, in which a light-tight closable container comprises, in its interior, means for holding a film cassette in such a manner that a piece of film of determined length can be withdrawn therefrom, as well as film cutting means for cutting off the withdrawn piece of film.

In recent years there has been a considerable increase in the home processing and printing of photographic films. But at the same time it is becoming increasingly difficult and inconvenient for people who wish to process and print their own films to find in their home a suitable room which can be blacked out and used as dark room. In particular when a normal spiral processing tank is loaded with exposed photographic film straight from a cassette this operation is required to be carried out in the virtual absence of all visible light.

A number of prior art daylight loading processing tanks have been described in the patent literature but few have been actually used because of their expense, complexity and bulkiness. For example in U.S. Pat. No. 2,290,152 there is described a complex spiral daylight loading processing tank which comprises an auxiliary chamber in which a film cassette is received. This is a bulky tank and would be difficult to load with the film. A similar complex and bulky device is described in British patent specification No. 671,170. A more elegant solution to the problem is described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,906,966 wherein a cassette is unloaded onto a spiral which is present in a shallow processing dish, and not in a tank. Processing would not be uniform in such a shallow dish as it could be very difficult to wet the film uniformly as well as to provide the correct type of agitation. An even more complex solution to the problem is described in the published French patent application No. 2,369,597 wherein the film is loaded in daylight onto a spindle which is extended out of a receiver. The spindle can then be retracted into the body of the receiver. To process the film the receiver is associated with a processing container and the spindle carrying the film is extended into the processing container. The film is then unwound into the processing liquid and wound up again.

OBJECTS AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is an object of the present invention to provide a device of the initially described type which enables a normal spiral daylight processing tank to be loaded in daylight, i.e. without requirement of a dark room, with an exposed film or the like photographic material.

These objects are attained in accordance with the invention by providing a film cassette unloading and film processing device of the initially described type which comprises a lid member of a processing tank of the film-holding spiral type being rotatably but detachably mounted in a light-tight manner in one side of the container, a spiral being attached to the inner side of the said lid member and so located in the container that the film from a cassette can be wound thereon, and a tank-completing base member located on the opposite side of the container which base member together with the lid and the spiral form a processing tank of the spiral film-holding type, the base member being so held in a light-tight manner that when the film from the cassette has been wound onto the spiral and when the end of said film piece has been cut off from the cassette, the base member can be fitted on to said lid member whilst both are still connected to the container in a light-tight manner, whereupon the completed processing tank can be removed as a unit from the container as an entity once it has been assembled.

Preferably the lid member is held in the side of the container by a rotating seal.

In one embodiment of the device according to the invention, the tank-completing base member is also held in the side of the container by a rotating seal so that it can be slid towards the lid member by rotation, caused by a rotatable closure means, to make connection with the lid member after the film has been wound onto the spiral.

In another embodiment of the device according to the invention, the base member is held loosely in a light-tight bag attached to the container on the side of the latter opposite to the side thereof holding the lid member; the base member can be placed in contact with the lid member by manipulation on the outside of the bag.

The base member can be mated to the lid member by any of the well known means to assemble a processing tank, for example to form an interference fit, or by a screw connection or bayonet connection.

The spiral may be of the internal winding type, or of the external winding type as long as a face wheel mechanism is present in this latter case to enable film to be wound thereon by an oscillating movement.

The processing tank preferably is of the top filling type, that is to say, processing liquid or wash water may be fed into the tank and liquid may be removed from the tank by inverting the tank. However the tank may be of the dunking type, that is to say, there may be present, in the lid of the tank and in the floor of the base member of the tank, liquid-permeable but light-tightly closed holes. When a tank of this nature is placed in a processing solution liquid the latter enters the tank through the holes in its base. When the tank is removed from the processing liquid the liquid flows out of the bottom openings of the tank.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Further details and advantages of the device according to the invention will be seen from the further description thereof in connection with the accompanying drawings which serve to illustrate a preferred embodiment of the device of the present invention. In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the device with the container lid member removed;

FIG. 2 is a side view of the device, partially in axial section; and

FIG. 3 is a lateral view of the assembled processing tank removed from the container.

In all the figures, like reference numbers designate like parts.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENT SHOWN IN THE DRAWINGS

As shown in FIG. 1, a light-tight container 1 comprises holding means 2 for holding a cassette 3. A length of film 4 is shown as withdrawn from the cassette and being wound onto a spiral 5 which is attached to lid 6 of a processing tank which further comprises a sidewall and a closed bottom wall. This spiral 5 comprises a central shaft 7 to which are attached two discs 10 each of which comprises a helically wound continuous spiral wire 9. The length of film 4 passes between a preferably guillotine-type cutter means 11. On the lid 6 there is fitted the lid cap 8 from the outside.

Held in the wall of the container 1 opposite the lid 6 there is light-tightly connected at its open end 12b a tank-completing base member 12 comprising a closed bottom 12a and a preferably cylindrical sidewall of the processing tank.

In FIG. 2 there is shown the location of the tank-completing base member 12 in one of the sidewalls of the container 1 with relation to the spiral 5 and the lid 6 prior to winding of an exposed film strip on to the spiral 5 of the device is closed in this case by a upper part 13 of the container casing. The base member 12 is held rotatably or axially displaceably, but in a light-tight manner, in that sidewall of the container 1 which is opposite the lid 6, by means of a circumferential double seal 14.

At the circumference of the lid 6, there is provided an annular groove 15 which is engaged by rim elements surrounding an opening provided in the sidewall 16 and in the upper closure member 13 of the container 1. The rim elements of the casing wall 16 and the upper closure member 13 constitute together with the annular groove 15 a rotatable but completely light-tight seal. A peripheral flange 17 which extends in axially parallel arrangement, about the lid 6, fits on to a correspondingly recessed rim about the opening 12b of the tank-completing base part 12.

The spiral 5 is mounted on a shaft 7 which bears film holding lugs 18 for fastening thereon the leading end of the film 4.

The axial displacement of the tank-completing base member 12 to the left in FIG. 2 in the dark of the container interior and under conditions excluding the entry of light, leads to the engagement of the rim of the opening 12b with interference fit under the annular flange 17, thus completing the light-tightly closed tank which is shown in FIG. 3.

The tank-completing base member 12 can be made preferably from stainless steel, while the lid 6 and the lid cap 8 can be made of a more or less resilient material, preferably of an elastic synthetic resin material.

The lid cap 8 serves to close off a liquid entry passage 19 in the lid 6, through which, after removal of the lid cap 8, a developer or other processing liquid can be filled via a window 20 of the inwardly projecting lid collar 21 into the completed tank after the latter has been placed upright with its lid 6 on top, while there is no possibility that light might enter the tank interior. For a light-sealing disc 22, being mounted fixedly on the end of the spiral shaft 7 which is on the side of the lid 6, prevents such entry of light due to the fact that the disc 22, being firmly connected with the rim of the lid collar 21, is of considerably smaller diameter than the disc 22.

The spiral 5 shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 is of the internal winding type. In this case, the end of the film 4 is led to the center of the spiral 5 and attached to lugs 18 present on the central rod 7.

Thus, at the beginning of an operation of the device shown in the drawings, the lid 6 and the base member 12 are in their respective positions in the sidewall of the container 1 as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2; the closure member 13 is now removed from the container 1, a cassette 3 containing exposed film 4 is placed in the holding means 2 and the leading edge of the film 4 is led through a gap in the guillotine 11 to the central shaft 7 of the spiral 6 where it is attached to lugs 18 present on the shaft 7.

The container 1 is again closed by returning the closure member 13 to its closing position, and the film 4 is wound onto the spiral 5 by rotating the lid cap 8 from outside the container which lid cap 8 causes the lid 6, the shaft 7 and the discs 10 to rotate with it. When it is noticeable from the resistance exerted by the film length to further rotation of the lid that most of the length of film 4 has been wound on to the spiral 5, the guillotine 11 is actuated to cut off the film 4 close to the cassette exit, and the final portion of the film length is wound onto the spiral 5.

The tank-completing base member 12 is then urged into the container 1 with rotation and/or axial displacement until it engages the lid 6 with a light-tight interference fit. The lid closure member 13 can then be raised and the assembled processing tank as shown in FIG. 3 can be removed from the container. The film in this tank can then be processed in a conventional manner.

In order to ensure joint rotation of the lid 6, the disc 22 and the shaft 7 together with the light cap 8 when the latter is turned by hand outside the casing 1, engaging means have been provided which are well known and have been omitted from FIG. 2 for the sake of greater clarity.

Claims (5)

We claim:
1. A combined film cassette unloading and film processing device which comprises a light-tight closable container comprising, in its interior, means for holding a film cassette to enable a piece of film of determined length to be withdrawn therefrom, together with a film cutting means; a lid member of a processing tank of the film-holding spiral type being rotatably but detachably mounted in a light-tight manner in one side of the container; a spiral being attached to the inner side of the said lid member and so located in the container that the film from a cassette can be wound thereon; and a tank-completing base member located on the opposite side of the container which base member together with the lid and the spiral form a processing tank of the spiral film holding type, the base member being so held in a light-tight manner that, when the film from the cassette has been wound onto the spiral and when the end of said film piece has been cut off from the cassette, the base member can be fitted on to said lid member whilst both are still connected to the container in a light-tight manner, whereupon the completed processing tank can be removed as a unit from the container as an entity once it has been assembled.
2. The combined device of claim 1, wherein said lid member comprises a rotatable seal by means of which said lid member is held in a side of said container.
3. The device of claim 1, wherein said tank-completing base member is rotatably or axially displaceable and is held in a side of the container by means of a circumferential seal.
4. The device according to claim 1, further comprising fitting means adapted for fitting said tank completing base member to said lid member.
5. The device of claim 4, wherein said fitting means is an interference fit.
US06438812 1981-11-04 1982-11-03 Combined film cassette unloading and film processing device Expired - Fee Related US4428658A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB8133194 1981-11-04
GB8133194 1981-11-04

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US4428658A true US4428658A (en) 1984-01-31

Family

ID=10525612

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US06438812 Expired - Fee Related US4428658A (en) 1981-11-04 1982-11-03 Combined film cassette unloading and film processing device

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US4428658A (en)
EP (1) EP0078773B1 (en)
JP (1) JPS58100849A (en)
DE (1) DE3262236D1 (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4586803A (en) * 1983-11-23 1986-05-06 Ciba-Geigy Ag Developing drum
US4664498A (en) * 1985-06-25 1987-05-12 Ciba-Geigy Ag Film-processing apparatus
US4924486A (en) * 1985-11-23 1990-05-08 Medrad, Inc. Film-receiving cassette having spiral guide plate
US5018182A (en) * 1988-11-15 1991-05-21 Medrad, Inc. Film changer having film-receiving, nondriven cassette with spiral-shaped guide plate
US5042056A (en) * 1985-11-15 1991-08-20 Medrad, Inc. Film changer
US5145163A (en) * 1989-11-24 1992-09-08 Medrad, Inc. Film sheet load magazine
US5263077A (en) * 1988-11-15 1993-11-16 Medrad, Inc. Film changer having film-receiving, nondriven cassette with spiral-shaped guide plate
US5491530A (en) * 1991-08-20 1996-02-13 Eastman Kodak Company Processing of photographic film
US20110048327A1 (en) * 2009-08-31 2011-03-03 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Film cassette for gaseous vapor deposition
US20110048328A1 (en) * 2009-08-31 2011-03-03 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Apparatus for gaseous vapor deposition
US20110048991A1 (en) * 2009-08-31 2011-03-03 E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Loaded film cassette for gaseous vapor deposition
US20110049285A1 (en) * 2009-08-31 2011-03-03 E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Apparatus and method for loading a film cassette for gaseous vapor deposition

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2290152A (en) * 1940-05-31 1942-07-21 Stackpole Carbon Co Film developing apparatus
GB671170A (en) * 1950-04-28 1952-04-30 Klaus Wiebalck Improvements in or relating to photographic developing apparatus
US3906966A (en) * 1974-01-02 1975-09-23 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Film handling device
JPS5356025A (en) * 1976-11-01 1978-05-22 Medeika Kk Device for developing photographic film

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4586803A (en) * 1983-11-23 1986-05-06 Ciba-Geigy Ag Developing drum
US4664498A (en) * 1985-06-25 1987-05-12 Ciba-Geigy Ag Film-processing apparatus
US5042056A (en) * 1985-11-15 1991-08-20 Medrad, Inc. Film changer
US4924486A (en) * 1985-11-23 1990-05-08 Medrad, Inc. Film-receiving cassette having spiral guide plate
US5018182A (en) * 1988-11-15 1991-05-21 Medrad, Inc. Film changer having film-receiving, nondriven cassette with spiral-shaped guide plate
US5263077A (en) * 1988-11-15 1993-11-16 Medrad, Inc. Film changer having film-receiving, nondriven cassette with spiral-shaped guide plate
US5145163A (en) * 1989-11-24 1992-09-08 Medrad, Inc. Film sheet load magazine
US5491530A (en) * 1991-08-20 1996-02-13 Eastman Kodak Company Processing of photographic film
US20110048327A1 (en) * 2009-08-31 2011-03-03 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Film cassette for gaseous vapor deposition
US20110048328A1 (en) * 2009-08-31 2011-03-03 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Apparatus for gaseous vapor deposition
US20110048991A1 (en) * 2009-08-31 2011-03-03 E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Loaded film cassette for gaseous vapor deposition
US20110049285A1 (en) * 2009-08-31 2011-03-03 E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Apparatus and method for loading a film cassette for gaseous vapor deposition
US8524003B2 (en) 2009-08-31 2013-09-03 E I Du Pont De Nemours And Company Loaded film cassette for gaseous vapor deposition
US8529700B2 (en) 2009-08-31 2013-09-10 E I Du Pont De Nemours And Company Apparatus for gaseous vapor deposition
US8534591B2 (en) * 2009-08-31 2013-09-17 E I Du Pont De Nemours And Company Apparatus and method for loading a film cassette for gaseous vapor deposition
US8551249B2 (en) 2009-08-31 2013-10-08 E I Du Pont De Nemours And Company Film cassette for gaseous vapor deposition

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0078773A1 (en) 1983-05-11 application
DE3262236D1 (en) 1985-03-21 grant
EP0078773B1 (en) 1985-02-06 grant
JPS58100849A (en) 1983-06-15 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3532210A (en) Sheet material package
US4641945A (en) Developer supply device for dry process electrophotographic copier
US5441177A (en) Toner container and toner replenishing device including a cap member having a shutter
US4846418A (en) Film cassette
US3085281A (en) Nail polish container, mixer and removable applicator
US3730387A (en) Pill dispensing device having plural cut-off trap chamber
US6206072B1 (en) Film-transferring device
US2552200A (en) Light-tight photographic film cartridge
US3691921A (en) Microfilm magazine
US4060182A (en) Bottle with electrically-operated pump
US4878075A (en) Camera apparatus for preventing double exposure
US3612424A (en) Storage and dispensing magazine for rolled strips of light sensitized material
US4864332A (en) Camera apparatus for magnetically encoding a film leader
US5020680A (en) Disposable nurser shell and hood
US3536401A (en) Paper transport system
US4855774A (en) Lens-fitted photographic film package
US4890130A (en) Lens-fitted photographic film package
US4035818A (en) Color print or film processor
US4244535A (en) Separable film spool and method of loading film cassette therewith
US3990579A (en) Contact lens holding unit
US4095718A (en) Convertible safety cap
US4744493A (en) Toner replenishing device
US2364381A (en) Roll holding camera
US4226517A (en) Camera device
JP2000214669A (en) Toner container

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: CIBA-GEIGY AG, KLYBECKSTRASSE 141,4002 BASLE, SWIT

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:MOORE, MICHAEL H.;TURNER, GEORGE F. A. M.;REEL/FRAME:004191/0260

Effective date: 19821027

REMI Maintenance fee reminder mailed
LAPS Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
FP Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee

Effective date: 19880131