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Auto-tracking system for magnetic tape recording device

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Publication number
US4347534A
US4347534A US06220180 US22018080A US4347534A US 4347534 A US4347534 A US 4347534A US 06220180 US06220180 US 06220180 US 22018080 A US22018080 A US 22018080A US 4347534 A US4347534 A US 4347534A
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Prior art keywords
tracking
signals
detecting
head
magnetic
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Expired - Lifetime
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US06220180
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Kenji Kimura
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Olympus Corp
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Olympus Corp
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B5/00Recording by magnetisation or demagnetisation of a record carrier; Reproducing by magnetic means; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B5/48Disposition or mounting of heads or head supports relative to record carriers ; arrangements of heads, e.g. for scanning the record carrier to increase the relative speed
    • G11B5/58Disposition or mounting of heads or head supports relative to record carriers ; arrangements of heads, e.g. for scanning the record carrier to increase the relative speed with provision for moving the head for the purpose of maintaining alignment of the head relative to the record carrier during transducing operation, e.g. to compensate for surface irregularities of the latter or for track following
    • G11B5/584Disposition or mounting of heads or head supports relative to record carriers ; arrangements of heads, e.g. for scanning the record carrier to increase the relative speed with provision for moving the head for the purpose of maintaining alignment of the head relative to the record carrier during transducing operation, e.g. to compensate for surface irregularities of the latter or for track following for track following on tapes

Abstract

A pair of detecting heads are disposed in positions corresponding respectively to single heads at both ends of a multichannel head unit, symmetrically inclined with respect to the tape traveling direction. The center positions of these detecting heads are severally in alignment with the center positions of tracks of a magnetic tape. The phase difference between track playback signals reproduced respectively by these detecting heads is detected, and a tracking error is corrected in accordance with the phase difference.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to a magnetic recording-reproducing device, and more specifically to an auto-tracking system of a magnetic recording-reproducing device for video signals.

In a magnetic recording-reproducing device, it generally becomes more difficult to maintain a normal tracking position as the track width is reduced. Under the existing circumstances, such maintenance depends on the mechanical accuracy of a tape driving system. However, there is a limit in the improvement of the mechanical accuracy, and such improvement will cause an increase in cost.

The object of this invention is to provide an auto-tracking system capable of detecting the phase difference between signals reproduced severally from at least two magnetic tracks and correcting a tracking error in accordance with such phase difference.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

According to this invention, there is provided an auto-tracking system in which two detecting heads are inclined and are symmetrically disposed in positions corresponding respectively to magnetic heads at both ends of a multichannel head unit, and in which the phase difference between signals reproduced by the detecting heads from magnetic tracks corresponding thereto is detected by a phase comparator so that a tracking error may be corrected in accordance with the phase difference.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a magnetic head unit of an auto-tracking system according to an embodiment of this invention;

FIG. 2 shows the positional relationships between magnetic heads and recording tracks in a normal tracking state;

FIG. 3 is an electrical circuit diagram of the auto-tracking system;

FIG. 4 is a time chart showing signals of the auto-tracking circuit in the normal tracking state;

FIG. 5 shows recording patterns of video signals recorded on a magnetic tape;

FIG. 6 shows the positional relationships between the magnetic heads and the recording tracks obtained in the case of an upward tracking error;

FIG. 7 shows the positional relationships between the magnetic heads and the recording tracks obtained in the case of a downward tracking error; and

FIG. 8 is a time chart showing signals obtained when the tracking error is caused.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

In FIG. 1, a multichannel head unit 1 comprises of a plurality of magnetic heads 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 and an envelope 1a holding these magnetic heads. Tracking detecting heads 9 and 11 are slantly disposed in positions corresponding respectively to the magnetic heads 2 and 6 at both ends of the multichannel head unit 1, and are fixed to the multichannel head unit 1 by means of support members 7 and 8, respectively. The multichannel head unit 1 is so disposed as to be able to move in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of a magnetic tape 19, and is vertically moved by a cam 14 through a transmission member 13 under the multichannel head unit 1. The cam 14 is coupled to a shaft 16 of a reversible DC motor 15, and rotates in accordance with the rotation of the motor 15 to vertically move the multichannel unit 1 by means of the transmission member 13. Springs 17 and 18 continually apply downward torque to the multichannel head unit 1, and also maintain the transmission member 13 always in contact with the cam 14.

In FIG. 2, there are shown the geometrical positional relationships between the magnetic heads 2 to 6 of the multichannel head unit 1, respective head sections 10 and 12 of the detecting heads 9 and 11, and magnetic tracks 2', 3', 4', 5' and 6' having already undergone recording. FIG. 2 shows a state in which the heads 2 to 6 of the multichannel head unit 1 are coincident with the widths of the recording tracks 2' to 6', that is, a normal tracking state. The tracking detecting head sections 10 and 12 are inclined respectively at azimuth angles of θ1 and θ2 to a vertical axis Y (i.e. central axis of the multichannel head unit 1). Here there is a relation θ12. The angles θ1 and θ2 are to be maximized within a range at least to allow the levels of the outputs from the head sections 10 and 12 of the tracking detecting heads to be detected although they are reduced by azimuth loss. The reason is that the greater the angles θ1 and θ2, the higher the tracking accuracy will be, as mentioned later. Further, the tracking detecting head sections 10 and 12 are inclined in order to cause a phase difference between output signals reproduced by the head sections 10 and 12 when the tracks 2' to 6' of the magnetic tape 19 are coincident with the magnetic heads 2 to 6. This phase difference serves as information to represent a tracking error. In this embodiment, recording signals recorded on the magnetic tracks are video signals, which are band-divided into multichannel video signals. In these video signals, horizontal synchronizing signals are inserted in the horizontal blanking signal, and are used as detected signals for time base correction in a reproducing operation. The horizontal synchronizing signals are reproduced by the head sections 10 and 12 of the tracking detecting heads, and used as detected signals for tracking. In the case of video signals, the detected signals may be vertical synchronizing signals. In short, the detected signals need only be regular continuous signals which can be separated from luminance signals. With a recording-reproducing device for PCM signals, e.g. initial bit signals (continuously existing address signals) can be separated into original code signals to be used as detected signals for tracking.

FIG. 3 shows an electric circuit of the auto-tracking system, in which horizontal synchronizing signals reproduced by the tracking detecting head sections 10 and 12 are voltage-amplified by voltage amplifiers 20 and 21, and supplied to pulse generators 22 and 23. The pulse generators 22 and 23 convert output signals from the voltage amplifiers 20 and 21 into pulse signals. An output pulse from the pulse generator 22 triggers a sawtooth wave generator 24, while an output pulse from the pulse generator 23 is delayed by a phase delay circuit 25 and triggers a sampling pulse generator 26. The output of the sampling pulse generator 26 serves as one input of a phase comparator 27, the other input of which is supplied with a sawtooth wave signal from the sawtooth wave generator 24. At the output of the phase comparator 27 appears a DC voltage in proportion to the phase difference between the sawtooth wave and the sampling pulse. In a normal tracking state, however, there is no phase difference between the reproduced horizontal synchronizing signals from the tracking detecting head sections 10 and 12, and the amount of delay of the phase delay circuit 25 is adjusted as shown in FIG. 4 so that the output voltage of the phase comparator 27 may be 0 V. FIG. 4, shows horizontal synchronizing signals 30 and 33 voltage-amplified by the voltage amplifiers 20 and 21, output signals 31 and 34 of the pulse generators 22 and 23, output voltage 32 of the sawtooth wave generator 24, output voltage 35 of the phase delay circuit 25, delay amount 38, output signal 36 of the sampling pulse generator 26 triggered by a delay signal, and sampling positions 37 in the phase comparator 27 in the normal tracking state. In recording, the horizontal synchronizing signals are simultaneously written in all of the tracks, so that the actual magnetic recording patterns are such that the horizontal synchronizing signals are arranged on the same line, as shown in FIG. 5. In FIG. 5, numerals 2', 3', 4', 5' and 6' designate tracks for signals recorded on the tape, while numerals 200, 300, 400, 500 and 600 designate the horizontal synchronizing signals recorded respectively on these tracks. If the traveling position of the magnetic tape 19 in a reproducing operation is shifted downward from a position for recording, the geometrical positions of the magnetic tape 19 and the tracking detecting head sections 10 and 12 are as shown in FIG. 6. In FIG. 6, numerals 38 and 40 designate the central positions of the recording tracks 2' and 6', respectively. The tracking detecting head sections 10 and 12 are wider than the track width of each of the magnetic heads 2 to 6 by a length about twice as great as the track width of a guard band between two adjacent tracks. Accordingly, the horizontal synchronizing signals may be reproduced normally if the tracking position is shifted, though the timing for the reproduction of the horizontal synchronizing signals will be staggered due to the inclination of the detecting head sections. In FIG. 6, the phase difference between the reproduced horizontal synchronizing signals from the tracking detecting head section 10 and 12 is t1 ; the signal reproduced by the head section 10 appears ahead of the signal reproduced by the head section 12 by t1. If the traveling position of the magnetic tape 19 is shifted downward from the position for recording, the horizontal synchronizing signal reproduced by the head section 12 appears ahead of the horizontal synchronizing signal reproduced by the head section 10 by t2, as shown in FIG. 7. In consequence, as shown in FIG. 8, the sampling points of the sampling pulses as against the sawtooth wave move to vary the output voltage of the phase comparator 27 according to the tracking state. In FIG. 8, numerals 41 and 37 designate a sampling pulse phase and sampling potential obtained in the normal tracking state. Numerals 36 and 44 designate a sampling pulse phase and sampling potential obtained when the position of the magnetic tape in the reproducing operation is shifted downward, as shown in FIG. 6. Numerals 42 and 43 designate a sampling pulse phase and sampling potential obtained when the position of the magnetic tape is shifted upward, as shown in FIG. 7. According to this invention, as described above, a tracking error voltage corresponding to the vertical shifting of the magnetic tape is produced as the output voltage of the phase comparator 27, and the relative positions of the multichannel head unit and the recording tracks of the magnetic tape are automatically corrected for ever-optimum tracking by current-amplifying the tracking error voltage and subjecting the reversible motor 15 to negative feedback control.

Claims (9)

What is claimed is:
1. An auto-tracking system for a multichannel head unit having a plurality of transducers for respective channels, comprising:
a pair of detecting heads having respective center posiitions disposed in positions corresponding respectively to at least two transducers of the multichannel head unit and in close vicinity to a magnetic tape having a plurality of recording tracks, said detecting heads being symmetrically inclined with respect to a tape traveling direction and arranged so that respective center positions of said detecting heads are each in alignment with center positions of the corresponding respective recording tracks of said magnetic tape;
said detecting heads each having a track width greater than that of each of said transducers of said multichannel head unit within a range not reaching a transducer adjacent to the transducer associated with the respective detecting head so as to reproduce signals regularly continuously recorded on the respective recording tracks of said magnetic tape;
tracking error detecting means coupled to said detecting heads for detecting as a tracking error signal a relative change in phase of the reproduced signals from said two detecting heads; and
reproducing position correcting means coupled to said tracking error detecting means for correcting the positions of at least one of said multichannel head unit, said detecting heads, and said magnetic tape in accordance with the tracking error signal from said tracking error detecting means.
2. An auto-tracking system according to claim 1, wherein said detecting heads are fixed to said multichannel head unit.
3. An auto-tracking system according to claim 1 or 2, wherein said detecting heads have the same azimuth angle to a direction perpendicular to the traveling direction of said magnetic tape.
4. An auto-tracking system according to claim 3, wherein said azimuth angle is fixed to the greatest value to allow outputs from said detecting heads to be detected.
5. An auto-tracking system according to claim 1, wherein said tracking error detecting means includes:
first pulse generating means for converting one of the signals severally reproduced by said detecting heads into a first pulse signal;
second pulse generating means for converting the other of said reproduced signals from said detecting heads into a second pulse signal;
sawtooth generating means coupled to said first pulse generating means for converting said first pulse signal into a sawtooth signal;
means coupled to said second pulse generating means for delaying the phase of said second pulse signal;
a sampling pulse generator coupled to said phase delaying means for producing a sampling pulse signal in response to an output signal from said phase delaying means; and
means coupled to said sawtooth generating means and to said sampling pulse generator for comparing the sampling pulse signal from said sampling pulse generator with said sawtooth signal to detect the phase difference therebetween.
6. An auto-tracking system according to claim 1, wherein said reproducing position correcting means comprises means coupled to said tracking error detecting means for moving said multichannel head unit in a direction perpendicular to the tape driving direction as a function of said tracking error signal.
7. An auto-tracking system according to claim 6, wherein said moving means comprises a reversible motor rotating in accordance with said tracking error signal; and cam means rotated by said reversible motor and engaging said multichannel head unit.
8. An auto-tracking system according to claim 1 or 5, wherein said regular continuous signals recorded on said recording tracks are respective horizontal synchronizing signals of video signals.
9. An auto-tracking system according to claim 1 or 5, wherein said detecting heads are disposed at positions corresponding to the positions of said transducers at both ends of said multichannel head unit.
US06220180 1980-01-18 1980-12-23 Auto-tracking system for magnetic tape recording device Expired - Lifetime US4347534A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP55-4297 1980-01-18
JP429780A JPS6343807B2 (en) 1980-01-18 1980-01-18

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JP (1) JPS6343807B2 (en)
DE (1) DE3162544D1 (en)
EP (1) EP0032660B1 (en)

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4556920A (en) * 1982-12-10 1985-12-03 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Reproduction device
US4561028A (en) * 1983-08-18 1985-12-24 Sony Corporation Apparatus and method for reading and writing data on a magnetic disc
US4587581A (en) * 1985-01-07 1986-05-06 Datatape, Inc. Magnetic tape tracking control apparatus
US4611249A (en) * 1985-05-03 1986-09-09 Eastman Kodak Company Flux sensitive tracking
US4652945A (en) * 1985-05-03 1987-03-24 Eastman Kodak Company Flux sensitive tracking
US4670800A (en) * 1985-05-03 1987-06-02 Eastman Kodak Company Edge guided magnetic tape tracking
US4675760A (en) * 1986-03-11 1987-06-23 Ampex Corporation Information signal recording and/or playback system and method using a prerecorded reference track
US4685013A (en) * 1985-08-22 1987-08-04 Pericomp Corp. Magnetic tape head alignment system
US4786984A (en) * 1986-12-05 1988-11-22 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method and apparatus for locating the edge of a magnetic tape
US4945438A (en) * 1987-04-24 1990-07-31 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Combined magnetic head
US4975791A (en) * 1988-03-22 1990-12-04 Carlisle Memory Products Group Incorporated Recording system having head transducers with controlled skew
US4979051A (en) * 1988-03-22 1990-12-18 Eggebeen James A Bimodal multi-track magnetic head
US5055951A (en) * 1989-03-10 1991-10-08 Irwin Magnetic Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for servo-positioning movable transducer heads
US5262908A (en) * 1990-02-20 1993-11-16 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Tracking control device for magnetic recording/reproducing apparatus
US5311380A (en) * 1991-04-12 1994-05-10 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Magnetic head positioning device and method
US5325246A (en) * 1992-06-01 1994-06-28 Datatape Incorporated Automatic tracking method for helical scan magnetic tape recorder using reproduced timing signal to sample two out-of-phase reference signals
US5416649A (en) * 1991-04-12 1995-05-16 Ampex Corporation Single channel method and apparatus for automatically optimizing insert editing in a signal recorder
US5420731A (en) * 1991-04-12 1995-05-30 Ampex Corporation Two channel method and apparatus for automatically optimizing insert editing in a signal recorder
US5689384A (en) * 1994-06-30 1997-11-18 International Business Machines Corporation Timing based servo system for magnetic tape systems
US6542325B1 (en) 1999-03-10 2003-04-01 Imation Corp. Time-based servo for magnetic storage media
US20040021024A1 (en) * 2001-08-15 2004-02-05 Ken Yoshimura Magnetic tape and magnetic tape cartridge
US6754022B1 (en) 2001-07-16 2004-06-22 Imation Corp. High-speed current driver
US6781778B1 (en) 2001-07-16 2004-08-24 Imation Corp. Time-based sectored servo data format
US20050259364A1 (en) * 2004-05-19 2005-11-24 Imation Corp. Thin film servo head apparatus with canted servo gaps
US7072133B1 (en) 2001-10-15 2006-07-04 Imation Corp. Servo mark verify head
US20080144211A1 (en) * 2006-12-18 2008-06-19 Weber Mark P Servo techniques that mitigate an effect of read and write velocity variations on position error signal calculations
US20080198500A1 (en) * 2007-02-20 2008-08-21 Imation Corp. Interleaved servo pattern

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DE3112886A1 (en) * 1981-03-31 1982-10-14 Tandberg Data A method for detecting an edge of a magnetic medium and apparatus for the method druchfuehrung
JPH0256723B2 (en) * 1983-12-12 1990-12-03 Tokyo Shibaura Electric Co
DE3347632C2 (en) * 1983-12-30 1988-08-04 Tandberg Data A/S, Oslo, No
DE3714986A1 (en) * 1987-05-06 1988-11-17 Thomson Brandt Gmbh Recorder spurfuehrung
DE58908504D1 (en) * 1989-01-27 1994-11-17 Tandberg Data Method and apparatus for positioning a magnetic head of a magnetic layer memory.
DE4027194C2 (en) * 1990-08-28 1995-03-09 Tandberg Data Method and apparatus for positioning a magnetic head of a magnetic layer memory
US5294803A (en) * 1991-12-30 1994-03-15 Tandberg Data A/S System and a method for optically detecting an edge of a tape
US5229620A (en) * 1991-12-31 1993-07-20 Tandberg Data A/S System for integrated tape hole detection by detecting an edge of the tape and/or a pattern on the tape

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US3678220A (en) * 1971-05-26 1972-07-18 Ibm Angulated positioning marks for moving web
US3781490A (en) * 1973-06-01 1973-12-25 Ibm Web tension and speed control in a reel-to-reel web transport
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US4007493A (en) * 1975-05-06 1977-02-08 Burroughs Corporation Track positioning system for magnetic transducer head
US4149198A (en) * 1975-05-06 1979-04-10 Burroughs Corporation Transducer positioning system

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4556920A (en) * 1982-12-10 1985-12-03 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Reproduction device
US4561028A (en) * 1983-08-18 1985-12-24 Sony Corporation Apparatus and method for reading and writing data on a magnetic disc
US4587581A (en) * 1985-01-07 1986-05-06 Datatape, Inc. Magnetic tape tracking control apparatus
US4611249A (en) * 1985-05-03 1986-09-09 Eastman Kodak Company Flux sensitive tracking
US4652945A (en) * 1985-05-03 1987-03-24 Eastman Kodak Company Flux sensitive tracking
US4670800A (en) * 1985-05-03 1987-06-02 Eastman Kodak Company Edge guided magnetic tape tracking
US4685013A (en) * 1985-08-22 1987-08-04 Pericomp Corp. Magnetic tape head alignment system
US4675760A (en) * 1986-03-11 1987-06-23 Ampex Corporation Information signal recording and/or playback system and method using a prerecorded reference track
US4786984A (en) * 1986-12-05 1988-11-22 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method and apparatus for locating the edge of a magnetic tape
US4945438A (en) * 1987-04-24 1990-07-31 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Combined magnetic head
US4975791A (en) * 1988-03-22 1990-12-04 Carlisle Memory Products Group Incorporated Recording system having head transducers with controlled skew
US4979051A (en) * 1988-03-22 1990-12-18 Eggebeen James A Bimodal multi-track magnetic head
US5055951A (en) * 1989-03-10 1991-10-08 Irwin Magnetic Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for servo-positioning movable transducer heads
US5262908A (en) * 1990-02-20 1993-11-16 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Tracking control device for magnetic recording/reproducing apparatus
US5311380A (en) * 1991-04-12 1994-05-10 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Magnetic head positioning device and method
US5416649A (en) * 1991-04-12 1995-05-16 Ampex Corporation Single channel method and apparatus for automatically optimizing insert editing in a signal recorder
US5420731A (en) * 1991-04-12 1995-05-30 Ampex Corporation Two channel method and apparatus for automatically optimizing insert editing in a signal recorder
US5325246A (en) * 1992-06-01 1994-06-28 Datatape Incorporated Automatic tracking method for helical scan magnetic tape recorder using reproduced timing signal to sample two out-of-phase reference signals
US6462904B1 (en) 1994-06-30 2002-10-08 International Business Machines Corporation Timing based servo system for magnetic tape systems
US5689384A (en) * 1994-06-30 1997-11-18 International Business Machines Corporation Timing based servo system for magnetic tape systems
US6282051B1 (en) 1994-06-30 2001-08-28 International Business Machines Corporation Timing based servo system for magnetic tape systems
US6320719B1 (en) 1994-06-30 2001-11-20 International Business Machines Corporation Timing based servo system for magnetic tape systems
US6021013A (en) * 1994-06-30 2000-02-01 International Business Machines Corporation Timing based servo system for magnetic tape systems
US20030123179A1 (en) * 1999-03-10 2003-07-03 Molstad Richard W. Time-based servo for magnetic storage media
US6842305B2 (en) 1999-03-10 2005-01-11 Imation Corp. Time-based servo for magnetic storage media
US6542325B1 (en) 1999-03-10 2003-04-01 Imation Corp. Time-based servo for magnetic storage media
US20050073763A1 (en) * 2001-07-16 2005-04-07 Molstad Richard W. Time-based sectored servo data format
US6754022B1 (en) 2001-07-16 2004-06-22 Imation Corp. High-speed current driver
US6781778B1 (en) 2001-07-16 2004-08-24 Imation Corp. Time-based sectored servo data format
US7079343B2 (en) 2001-07-16 2006-07-18 Imation Corp. Time-based sectored servo data format
US20040021024A1 (en) * 2001-08-15 2004-02-05 Ken Yoshimura Magnetic tape and magnetic tape cartridge
US7212372B2 (en) * 2001-08-15 2007-05-01 Hitachi Maxell, Ltd. Magnetic tape and magnetic tape cartridge
US7072133B1 (en) 2001-10-15 2006-07-04 Imation Corp. Servo mark verify head
US20050259364A1 (en) * 2004-05-19 2005-11-24 Imation Corp. Thin film servo head apparatus with canted servo gaps
US7206170B2 (en) 2004-05-19 2007-04-17 Imetion Corp. Thin film servo head apparatus with canted servo gaps
US20080144211A1 (en) * 2006-12-18 2008-06-19 Weber Mark P Servo techniques that mitigate an effect of read and write velocity variations on position error signal calculations
US20080198500A1 (en) * 2007-02-20 2008-08-21 Imation Corp. Interleaved servo pattern
US7495859B2 (en) 2007-02-20 2009-02-24 Imation Corp. Interleaved servo pattern

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JP1498719C (en) grant
DE3162544D1 (en) 1984-04-19 grant
EP0032660A1 (en) 1981-07-29 application
EP0032660B1 (en) 1984-03-14 grant
JPS6343807B2 (en) 1988-09-01 grant
JPS56101622A (en) 1981-08-14 application

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