US432789A - Clarence l - Google Patents

Clarence l Download PDF

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US432789A
US432789A US432789DA US432789A US 432789 A US432789 A US 432789A US 432789D A US432789D A US 432789DA US 432789 A US432789 A US 432789A
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pencil
holder
abrader
sharpener
base
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B43WRITING OR DRAWING IMPLEMENTS; BUREAU ACCESSORIES
    • B43LARTICLES FOR WRITING OR DRAWING UPON; WRITING OR DRAWING AIDS; ACCESSORIES FOR WRITING OR DRAWING
    • B43L23/00Sharpeners for pencils or leads
    • B43L23/08Sharpeners for pencils or leads in which the pencils or leads are sharpened mainly by rotational movement against cutting blades

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  • the object of my invention is to provide a simple,- efficient, and convenient device for sharpening pencils, particularly lead-pencils; and the invention consists, mainly, of aframe or base, a cutter, rasp, file, or other abrader, and a holder for the pencil so combined and arranged with mechanism, as that hereinafter described, that on placing the pencil in the holder and moving it with the hand the abrader will be operated automatically relatively to the pencil so as to sharpen the same,
  • the invention also comprises several other novel features, and in order that the whole may be clearly understood I shall first de scribe the mode in which the invention is carried into effect, and then point out its several features in the claims.
  • FIG. 1 is acentral sectional elevation of a pencil-sharpener embodying my invention.
  • Fig. 2 is a sectional plan iew of the said sharpener on the line X X, Fig. 1.
  • Fig. 3 is a sectional plan View of the same on the line 2' 2, Fig. 1.
  • Fig. 4 is a detail View of part of the pencil-holder and abrader or cutter of the same.
  • the frame or base A of the sharpener is here shown constructed in the form of a truncated pyramid, weighted so as to stand firmly on a desk or table and having a central vertical tubular guide B, the frame or base being for convenience made up of an outer case and an inner cylindrical metallic bushing forming the guide B.
  • a pencil-holder O here consisting of an upper tubular portion 0, in which the body of the pencil is received andheld against lateral movement, and a lower conical socketportion C in. which the end or point of the pencil is received.
  • a knife D is here employed,which is fixed lengthwise in a longitudinal slot E, formed in the wall of the conical socket O of the holder, after a common fashion, so that the edge of the knife will project slightly within and approximately along an element of the cone.
  • the tubular guide B is formed with an interior spiral groove F, in which rides a pin G, fixed to the holder 1, so that on pressing the holder downward with the pencil,while holding the latter against rotation, the holder, and hence the abrading-knife D, will be rotated around the end of the pencil and sharpen the same to the desired point.
  • the knife-holding socket C of theholder is by preference freely apertured, as shown, to permit the escape of pencil-shavings, dust, &c., and prevent clogging thereby.
  • a coiled spring G is interposed between an annular shoulder O on the lower part of the same and interior projections H at the bottom of the guide B, and to prevent clogging of the spring G and groove F by the pencil-shavings from the holder 0 the lower part of the guide B is formed with ample lateral escape-openings communicating with a large cavity J in the bottom of the base or frame A for the accommodation of the shavings.
  • the open bottom of the base or frame'A and guide B is by preference provided with a removable Weighted cover K to permit the removal of the accumulated shavings, dust, &c., at intervals.
  • a roughened, rasp, or file like surface may be employed on the interior of the socket O to abrade the pencil end, especially for the lead of lead-pencils, or for slate-pencils.
  • a spiral abrading-knife may also be used in the place of the straight knife here shown.
  • a pencil-sharpener the combination of a frame or base, an abrader, and a pencil- ICO holder,with operating mechanism, as the spiral gear described,whereby the pencil-holder when moved, as by the pencil, automatically moves the abrader relatively to the pencil, substantially as set forth.
  • a pencil-sharpener the combination, with a frame or base, of a pencil-holder carryin g an abrader movable relatively to the frame or base, and a spiral gear connecting the frame or base and the pencil-holder, substantially as specified.
  • a pencil-sharpener comprising a tubular portion for the body of the pencil, and a conical socket can rying an abrader for the point of the pencil, in combination with mechanism for rotating the said holder and abrader, substantially as specified.
  • a pencil-sharpener the combination of a frame or base, a spiral guide, a pencilholder and abrader working lengthwise and geared to so as to turn on said spiral guide, and a spring reacting on the holder and abrader, substantially as specified.

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Description

(No Model.)
0. L. BURGER.
PENCIL SHARPENER.
Patented July 22, 1890.
W/TNESSES @mmW UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
CLARENCE L. BURGER, OF BROOKLYN, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO VEST & MELOI-IER S, OF NEYV YORK, N. Y.
PENCIL-SHARPENER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 432,789,dated uly 22, 1890. Applicatiomfiled- April 5 189bscrial No. 346,666. (No model.)
To all whom it may concew Be it known that I, CLARENCE I; BURGER, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city of Brooklyn, county of Kings, and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Bench-Sharpeners, of which the following is a specification.
The object of my invention is to provide a simple,- efficient, and convenient device for sharpening pencils, particularly lead-pencils; and the invention consists, mainly, of aframe or base, a cutter, rasp, file, or other abrader, and a holder for the pencil so combined and arranged with mechanism, as that hereinafter described, that on placing the pencil in the holder and moving it with the hand the abrader will be operated automatically relatively to the pencil so as to sharpen the same,
The invention also comprises several other novel features, and in order that the whole may be clearly understood I shall first de scribe the mode in which the invention is carried into effect, and then point out its several features in the claims.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, in which- Figure 1 is acentral sectional elevation of a pencil-sharpener embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a sectional plan iew of the said sharpener on the line X X, Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a sectional plan View of the same on the line 2' 2, Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a detail View of part of the pencil-holder and abrader or cutter of the same.
Like letters of reference designate corresponding parts in the various figures.
The frame or base A of the sharpener is here shown constructed in the form of a truncated pyramid, weighted so as to stand firmly on a desk or table and having a central vertical tubular guide B, the frame or base being for convenience made up of an outer case and an inner cylindrical metallic bushing forming the guide B.
In the guide B is fitted to slide Vertically and turn a pencil-holder O, here consisting of an upper tubular portion 0, in which the body of the pencil is received andheld against lateral movement, and a lower conical socketportion C in. which the end or point of the pencil is received.
For cutting or abradin g the end of the penciljn the socket C to the desired conical point a knife D is here employed,which is fixed lengthwise in a longitudinal slot E, formed in the wall of the conical socket O of the holder, after a common fashion, so that the edge of the knife will project slightly within and approximately along an element of the cone.
The tubular guide B is formed with an interior spiral groove F, in which rides a pin G, fixed to the holder 1, so that on pressing the holder downward with the pencil,while holding the latter against rotation, the holder, and hence the abrading-knife D, will be rotated around the end of the pencil and sharpen the same to the desired point.
The knife-holding socket C of theholder is by preference freely apertured, as shown, to permit the escape of pencil-shavings, dust, &c., and prevent clogging thereby.
To raise the holder 0 again after its depression, a coiled spring G is interposed between an annular shoulder O on the lower part of the same and interior projections H at the bottom of the guide B, and to prevent clogging of the spring G and groove F by the pencil-shavings from the holder 0 the lower part of the guide B is formed with ample lateral escape-openings communicating with a large cavity J in the bottom of the base or frame A for the accommodation of the shavings.
The open bottom of the base or frame'A and guide B is by preference provided with a removable Weighted cover K to permit the removal of the accumulated shavings, dust, &c., at intervals.
In lieu of the abrading-knife D, orin conjunction therewith, a roughened, rasp, or file like surface may be employed on the interior of the socket O to abrade the pencil end, especially for the lead of lead-pencils, or for slate-pencils. A spiral abrading-knife may also be used in the place of the straight knife here shown.
I claim as my invention- 1. In a pencil-sharpener, the combination of a frame or base, an abrader, and a pencil- ICO holder,with operating mechanism, as the spiral gear described,whereby the pencil-holder when moved, as by the pencil, automatically moves the abrader relatively to the pencil, substantially as set forth.
2. In a pencil-sharpener, the combination, with a frame or base, of a pencil-holder carryin g an abrader movable relatively to the frame or base, and a spiral gear connecting the frame or base and the pencil-holder, substantially as specified. 1
3. In a pencil-sharpener,-a pencil-holder and abrader comprising a tubular portion for the body of the pencil, and a conical socket can rying an abrader for the point of the pencil, in combination with mechanism for rotating the said holder and abrader, substantially as specified.
4. In a pencil-sharpener, the combination of a frame or base, a spiral guide, a pencilholder and abrader working lengthwise and geared to so as to turn on said spiral guide, and a spring reacting on the holder and abrader, substantially as specified.
. CLARENCE L. BURGER.
\Vitnesses:
J. CULBER PALMER, HENRY MEININGER.
US432789D Clarence l Expired - Lifetime US432789A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2435661A (en) * 1946-06-25 1948-02-10 Carl C Weathers Pencil sharpener
US2769428A (en) * 1955-07-12 1956-11-06 Richard A Onanian Pencil sharpeners
US20050268471A1 (en) * 2004-06-03 2005-12-08 Marie Ralston Electric pencil sharpener
US20170326905A1 (en) * 2014-11-29 2017-11-16 Sung Bum Park Pencil sharpener

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2435661A (en) * 1946-06-25 1948-02-10 Carl C Weathers Pencil sharpener
US2769428A (en) * 1955-07-12 1956-11-06 Richard A Onanian Pencil sharpeners
US20050268471A1 (en) * 2004-06-03 2005-12-08 Marie Ralston Electric pencil sharpener
US7278214B2 (en) 2004-06-03 2007-10-09 Z-Pointe Incorporated Electric pencil sharpener
US20170326905A1 (en) * 2014-11-29 2017-11-16 Sung Bum Park Pencil sharpener

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