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Double wrapped tampon

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Publication number
US4305391A
US4305391A US06126413 US12641380A US4305391A US 4305391 A US4305391 A US 4305391A US 06126413 US06126413 US 06126413 US 12641380 A US12641380 A US 12641380A US 4305391 A US4305391 A US 4305391A
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Prior art keywords
wrap
tampon
outer
inner
material
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US06126413
Inventor
David M. Jackson
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Kimberly-Clark Worldwide Inc
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Kimberly-Clark Corp
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/20Tampons, e.g. catamenial tampons; Accessories therefor
    • A61F13/2051Tampons, e.g. catamenial tampons; Accessories therefor characterised by the material or the structure of the inner absorbing core
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/42Use of materials characterised by their function or physical properties
    • A61L15/48Surfactants

Abstract

A tampon having an absorbent core with two fluid permeable wraps is provided. The combination of two wrapping layers aids in withdrawal particularly when a superabsorbent material is used as part of the absorbent and also may aid in the prevention of reverse fluid flow from the saturated tampon.

Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to a tampon and particularly a tampon containing an outer wrap.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Recently, tampons have been manufactured in such a way that an outer wrap is placed around an absorbent core. Wrappers have been utilized for a variety of purposes; among them, prevention of sloughing of individual fibers from the absorbent core during use, an insertion aid to provide a surface of lessened friction and a withdrawal aid. In the latter case, when superabsorbent material is present in the absorbent core of the tampon, a negative or suction pressure is developed along the surface of the tampon which tends to make the vaginal walls adhere to the outer surface and makes withdrawal uncomfortable.

Superabsorbent material has been considered particularly beneficial as an absorbent component in tampons because of its high absorbency per unit weight but the negative pressure developed by these materials has led to a series of attempts to provide an interfering or so-called "buffer" layer between superabsorbent material and the vagina. One such attempt is described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,999,549 in which a hydrophilic foam sheath surrounding a highly absorbent core is utilized to isolate the superabsorbent from the vagina. A similar concept by the same inventors is described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,020,841 with a subsidiary benefit set forth in both of these patents being the isolation of the absorbent material from vaginal contractions which would serve to prevent reverse fluid flow.

U.S. Pat. No. 3,683,912 discloses an absorbent tampon having an outer wrap of polypropylene fibers which is designed to reduce resistance to insertion.

Another patent concerned with difficulties inherent in the utilization of superabsorbent material as part of the absorptive component is U.S. Pat. No. 4,056,103. The tampon described therein embodies a wrapper which is a fluid permeable web with some measure of fluid retention capacity. The idea behind this invention is to ease withdrawal by providing a lubricated outer wrap obtained by fluid retention.

While the attempts to utilize an outer wrap to minimize the negative pressure encountered by the use of superabsorbent have been successful to some extent, the degree of success usually is accompanied by a concomitant decrease in the absorptive capabilities of the tampon. Absorptive capabilities in this context refer either to the rate of absorption, the outer wrap providing a barrier to some extent to the fluid uptake and/or to the amount of fluid absorbed. By their nature, tampons are restricted as to size and configuration and outer wraps or foam layers on the outside as described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,999,549 must replace needed absorptive volume with nonabsorptive or less absorptive volume in regard to the overall tampon construction. Also, while U.S. Pat. No. 3,999,549 describes the use of a foam outer layer to minimize the effect of vaginal contractions on the tampon, the foam layer itself would not be particularly advantageous to prevent reverse flow because the contractions would act to squeeze whatever menstrual exudate is within the interstices of the foam much like squeezing a sponge.

This invention provides a tampon which, not only is readily removable when a superabsorbent is used as part of the tampon absorbent material but this ease of removal can be retained without any noticeable decrease in absorption. In addition, reverse fluid flow, it is theorized, is substantially reduced when a tampon is made according to the teachings of this invention.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

According to this invention, a tampon having an absorbent core material, a first fluid pervious wrap and a second fluid pervious wrap along with a withdrawal means is provided. The utilization of this double wrap accomplishes not only the advantages discussed in the preceding paragraph, but also allows the manipulation of absorptive flow and quantity characteristics as well as withdrawal and size configurations with substantially greater latitude than heretofore achieved. For example, a tampon can be made containing a substantially greater amount of superabsorbent material than previously contemplated and the increased absorbency resulting can be balanced against reduced bulk and, depending upon the particular characteristics of both the inner wrap and the outer wrap, ease of withdrawal.

It will be readily apparent to those in the art that various combinations of wraps can be used to accomplish a variety of modifying effects and, as a result, the choice and configuration of absorbent material and of the tampon in its entirety can be substantially expanded. Generally, however, with a tampon containing superabsorbent material as part of the absorbent matrix it is preferred that the outer and inner wrap have different characteristics relative to each other. For example, it is preferred that the inner wrap be partially fluid absorbent. This not only aids in minimizing withdrawal forces but also tends to aid in the prevention of reverse flow because it provides an additional absorptive capacity as well as the additional interface automatically present with the use of two wraps. The outer wrap, in comparison is preferably of a lower loft and basis weight than the inner wrap when superabsorbent is employed. The general concept of the particular relationship is to pass fluid through the outer wrap, rapidly. This is facilitated by making the pore size of the outer wrap substantially greater than the inner wrap. Once the fluid has rapidly passed through the first wrap it is then partially absorbed and more slowly passes through the second wrap. This controlled migration also acts to restrict the negative pressure resulting from the use of superabsorbents and will therefore aid in withdrawal.

In this context, suitable inner wrap material can be meltblown polyolefins, meltblown polyolefin-pulp mixtures and polyesters. Particularly preferred is meltblown polyolefin-pulp mixtures such as those described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,100,324. This nonwoven material has a fabric-like finish and is made up of an airformed matrix of thermal plastic polymeric fibers having an average fiber diameter of less than 10 microns and a multiplicity of individualized wood fibers dispersed throughout the matrix serving to space the microfibers from each other. This material is formed initially by utilizing a primary airstream with meltblown microfibers in a secondary airstream containing wood pulp fibers. The two are merged under turbulent conditions and placed upon a forming surface in an integrated airstream. If this material is chosen it may be necessary and/or desirable to increase the hydrophilicity of it by the use of suitable surfactants, the choice being determined by the amount of added hydrophilicity desired. In addition, with the choice of suitable wetting agents or surfactants the material can be rendered substantially more absorbent and due to the other variables discussed above for determining an ideal system under specific goals this may also be desirable.

Suitable outer wrap materials are spunbonded polyolefins, polyesters and the like. An example of a particularly preferred material is the polypropylene material described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,683,912. This outer wrap may also be treated with a wetting agent and/or surfactant and/or emollient material as desired again bearing in mind the control of the other variables and the ultimate goal of the performance of the tampon according to this invention.

One of the advantages in utilizing the particularly preferred inner and outer wrap in combination is that when the meltblown polypropylene wood fiber mixture is produced it can be directly layed on the polypropylene fibers of the outer wrap. When this laying step is complete, since the material which forms the inner wrap is heated there will be localized fusing in random contact areas between the two layers of material. This will be sufficient to bond the material and the subsequent wrapping of the tampon can be completed treating the inner and outer wrap as one material and thereby necessitating only one wrapping step. In addition, because both the inner and outer wrap are fusible, sealing of the wrap around the tampon can be accomplished by heat or, alternatively, ultrasonic means. The use of fusing as a means for adding the outer wrap is preferred because there will be no resultant interference with absorbency by the presence of adhesive on the wraps.

As discussed above, the outer and inner wrap combination is particularly beneficial when a superabsorbent is used as part of the absorbent material. Of course, there are benefits inherent in the double wrap concept without the superabsorbent as part of the absorbent component and, consequently, the scope of this invention is not limited to the presence of a superabsorbent or to any particular tampon configuration.

To illustrate the effect of the double wrap, several users were each given representative tampons which included first, a commercially available tampon sold under the KOTEX Heavy Duty trademark. This tampon has a spunbonded polypropylene outer cover which has not been treated by any chemical modifiers. It also contains a superabsorbent. For comparison, two tampons made according to this invention were given to an equal number of consumers. In one group a meltblown fiber combination of wood pulp and polypropylene having a basis weight of 25 gm/yd2 was used as an inner wrap. In a second group the same inner wrap was used except that a basis weight of 40 gm/yd2 was used. All tampons were made to weight 4.2 grams and therefore, the tampon having an inner wrap had less absorbent in the core in order to maintain the weight at a standard level.

A forced failure test was run initially in order to determine the average number of hours that the tampon would be used before failure occurred. The results were as follows:

______________________________________Sample           Hours______________________________________25 gm/yd.sup.2   5.8 ± 0.640 gm/yd.sup.2   6.1 ± 0.5Commercial Tampon            5.9 ± 0.6______________________________________

The ± in this context, statistically means that 95% of the data fell within the parameters set forth, i.e. a 95% confidence level.

Comparison of overall grams absorbed indicates the following to a 95% confidence level:

______________________________________Sample          Grams Absorbed______________________________________25 gm/yd.sup.2   9.7 ± 1.440 gm/yd.sup.2  10.3 ± 1.3Commercial Tampon           10.9 ± 1.3______________________________________

It is believed upon examination of this data that these results were not significantly different at the 95% confidence level for the differences noted. Although it should be noted that the tampon with the higher basis weight inner wrap performed better than the tampon with the lower basis weight inner wrap although again, it should be stressed that there is no significant absorptive difference even though there was less absorbent material present in the tampons which are the subject of this invention. Further evaluation relating to ease of removal indicated that removal discomfort was significantly and demonstrably eased when the inner wrap was used. For example, when over 300 tampons per type were tested by a variety of women, 14.51% of the tampons tested of the commercial tampon produced removal difficulty while 3.44% of the tampons of the lower basis weight wrap demonstrated removal difficulty and 6.43% of the tampons with the 40 gm/yd2 basis weight demonstrated removal difficulty. When the tampons were each evaluated by 85 women, 29 had some difficulty with removal with the commercially available tampon, 9 with the lower basis weight inner wrapped tampon and 18 with the higher basis weight inner wrapped tampon.

It is apparent, therefore, that substantial advantages in removal without loss in absorptive protective performance (protective meaning hours of protection) and possible substantial advantages in preventing reverse flow can be obtained according to the teachings of this invention.

Claims (9)

What is claimed is:
1. A tampon comprising in combination:
(a) an absorbent matrix;
(b) withdrawal means;
(c) a fluid pervious outer wrap selected from the group consisting of polyolefins and polyesters; and,
(d) a fluid pervious inner wrap selected from the group consisting of meltblown polyolefins, meltblown polyolefin/pulp mixtures and polyesters, the outer wrap having a lower loft and basis weight than the inner wrap.
2. The tampon according to claim 1 in which the inner and outer wrap are bonded together.
3. The tampon according to claim 1 wherein the inner wrap is treated with a wetting agent.
4. The tampon according to claim 1 wherein the outer wrap is treated with a wetting agent.
5. The tampon according to claim 1 wherein the outer and inner wraps are treated with a wetting agent.
6. The tampon according to claim 1 wherein the absorbent matrix includes superabsorbent.
7. The tampon according to claim 1 wherein the outer wrap is treated with an emollient.
8. The tampon according to claim 1 in which the outer wrap is treated with an emollient and the inner wrap is treated with a wetting agent.
9. The tampon according to claims 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8 in which the inner and outer wraps are locally fused.
US06126413 1980-03-03 1980-03-03 Double wrapped tampon Expired - Lifetime US4305391A (en)

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1985002996A1 (en) * 1983-12-30 1985-07-18 Johnson & Johnson Gmbh Hygienic pad, process and plant for the production thereof
WO1990006737A1 (en) * 1988-12-21 1990-06-28 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Tampon with single layer powder bonded wrap
US5133371A (en) * 1987-12-21 1992-07-28 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Absorbent beauty coil
EP0685215A1 (en) 1994-05-31 1995-12-06 McNEIL-PPC, INC. Vaginal moisture balanced tampon and process
WO1998046182A1 (en) * 1997-04-14 1998-10-22 Tambrands, Inc. Tampon
WO1999032061A1 (en) * 1997-12-23 1999-07-01 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Multilayered tampon cover
WO2000048539A1 (en) * 1999-02-19 2000-08-24 Clifford Charles K Tampon containing a medicinal liquid imparted from a tampon irrigation syringe
US20030125687A1 (en) * 2000-02-16 2003-07-03 David Gubernick Multiple zone apertured web
US20040128153A1 (en) * 2000-10-27 2004-07-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Device and method for providing information based on body fluids related matter
US6758839B2 (en) 1997-12-03 2004-07-06 Johnson & Johnson Gmbh Tampon for feminine hygiene or medical purposes, and process for producing the same
US20080154176A1 (en) * 2005-02-24 2008-06-26 Ontex Hygieneartikel Deutschland Gmbh Tampon Applicator
US20090259165A1 (en) * 2008-04-14 2009-10-15 Ryo Minoguchi Tampon having an auxiliary patch
US20100121251A1 (en) * 2007-02-09 2010-05-13 Ontex Hygieneartikel Deutschland Gmbh Tampon
US20110238028A1 (en) * 2008-12-16 2011-09-29 Ontex Hygieneartikel Deutschland Gmbh Tampon with modified constricted withdrawal end
US8747378B2 (en) 2006-02-02 2014-06-10 Ontex Hygieneartikel Deutschland Gmbh Tampon
US8777916B2 (en) * 2005-03-25 2014-07-15 Ontex Hygieneartikel Deutschland Gmbh Tampon applicator assembly
US8864732B2 (en) 2005-01-19 2014-10-21 Ontex Hygieneartikel Deutschland Gmbh Tampon
US9155666B2 (en) 2010-07-09 2015-10-13 Ontex Higieneartikel Deutschland Gmbh Press and method for producinig absorbent article

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3683912A (en) * 1970-04-28 1972-08-15 Kimberly Clark Co Absorbent tampon
US3999549A (en) * 1975-06-17 1976-12-28 Poncy Richard P Catamenial tampon having fluid transmissive and resilient outer sheath
US4041948A (en) * 1976-07-26 1977-08-16 Johnson & Johnson Digital tampon
US4056103A (en) * 1977-03-11 1977-11-01 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Wrapper structure for tampons containing superabsorbent material
US4100324A (en) * 1974-03-26 1978-07-11 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven fabric and method of producing same

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3683912A (en) * 1970-04-28 1972-08-15 Kimberly Clark Co Absorbent tampon
US4100324A (en) * 1974-03-26 1978-07-11 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven fabric and method of producing same
US3999549A (en) * 1975-06-17 1976-12-28 Poncy Richard P Catamenial tampon having fluid transmissive and resilient outer sheath
US4041948A (en) * 1976-07-26 1977-08-16 Johnson & Johnson Digital tampon
US4056103A (en) * 1977-03-11 1977-11-01 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Wrapper structure for tampons containing superabsorbent material

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1985002996A1 (en) * 1983-12-30 1985-07-18 Johnson & Johnson Gmbh Hygienic pad, process and plant for the production thereof
EP0149155A2 (en) * 1983-12-30 1985-07-24 JOHNSON & JOHNSON GmbH Catamenial tampon and method and device for its manufacture
EP0149155A3 (en) * 1983-12-30 1985-07-31 Johnson & Johnson Gmbh Catamenial tampon and method and device for its manufacture
US4863450A (en) * 1983-12-30 1989-09-05 Johnson & Johnson Gmbh Feminine hygiene tampon and method and apparatus for making same
US5133371A (en) * 1987-12-21 1992-07-28 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Absorbent beauty coil
US5006116A (en) * 1988-12-21 1991-04-09 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Tampon with single layer powder bonded wrap
WO1990006737A1 (en) * 1988-12-21 1990-06-28 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Tampon with single layer powder bonded wrap
EP0685215A1 (en) 1994-05-31 1995-12-06 McNEIL-PPC, INC. Vaginal moisture balanced tampon and process
US5817077A (en) * 1994-05-31 1998-10-06 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Vaginal moisure balance tampon and process
WO1998046182A1 (en) * 1997-04-14 1998-10-22 Tambrands, Inc. Tampon
US6315763B1 (en) 1997-04-14 2001-11-13 Tambrands, Inc. Tampon
US6758839B2 (en) 1997-12-03 2004-07-06 Johnson & Johnson Gmbh Tampon for feminine hygiene or medical purposes, and process for producing the same
WO1999032061A1 (en) * 1997-12-23 1999-07-01 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Multilayered tampon cover
US6743212B1 (en) 1997-12-23 2004-06-01 Mcneil, Ppc, Inc. Multi-layered tampon cover
US6203514B1 (en) * 1999-02-19 2001-03-20 Charles K. Clifford Tampon containing a medicinal liquid imparted from a tampon irrigation syringe
WO2000048539A1 (en) * 1999-02-19 2000-08-24 Clifford Charles K Tampon containing a medicinal liquid imparted from a tampon irrigation syringe
US20030125687A1 (en) * 2000-02-16 2003-07-03 David Gubernick Multiple zone apertured web
US7589249B2 (en) 2000-02-16 2009-09-15 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Multiple zone apertured web
US20040128153A1 (en) * 2000-10-27 2004-07-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Device and method for providing information based on body fluids related matter
US8137290B2 (en) * 2000-10-27 2012-03-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Device and method for providing information based on body fluids related matter
US8864732B2 (en) 2005-01-19 2014-10-21 Ontex Hygieneartikel Deutschland Gmbh Tampon
US20080154176A1 (en) * 2005-02-24 2008-06-26 Ontex Hygieneartikel Deutschland Gmbh Tampon Applicator
US8777916B2 (en) * 2005-03-25 2014-07-15 Ontex Hygieneartikel Deutschland Gmbh Tampon applicator assembly
US8747378B2 (en) 2006-02-02 2014-06-10 Ontex Hygieneartikel Deutschland Gmbh Tampon
US8574210B2 (en) 2007-02-09 2013-11-05 Ontex Hygieneartikel Deutschland Gmbh Tampon with improved absorption capacity
US20100121251A1 (en) * 2007-02-09 2010-05-13 Ontex Hygieneartikel Deutschland Gmbh Tampon
US8048053B2 (en) 2008-04-14 2011-11-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Tampon having an auxiliary patch
US20090259165A1 (en) * 2008-04-14 2009-10-15 Ryo Minoguchi Tampon having an auxiliary patch
US20110238028A1 (en) * 2008-12-16 2011-09-29 Ontex Hygieneartikel Deutschland Gmbh Tampon with modified constricted withdrawal end
US9155666B2 (en) 2010-07-09 2015-10-13 Ontex Higieneartikel Deutschland Gmbh Press and method for producinig absorbent article

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: KIMBERLY-CLARK WORLDWIDE, INC., WISCONSIN

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KIMBERLY-CLARK CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:008519/0919

Effective date: 19961130