US430276A - Phonograph - Google Patents

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US430276A
US430276A US430276DA US430276A US 430276 A US430276 A US 430276A US 430276D A US430276D A US 430276DA US 430276 A US430276 A US 430276A
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frame
phonograph
foot
presser
arm
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B3/00Recording by mechanical cutting, deforming or pressing, e.g. of grooves or pits; Reproducing by mechanical sensing; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B3/02Arrangements of heads
    • G11B3/08Raising, lowering, traversing otherwise than for transducing, arresting, or holding-up heads against record carriers

Description

(No Model.) 4 Sheets-Sheet 1.

T. A. EDISON. PHONOGRAPH.

Patented June 17, 1890.

vl ro/r Q. By

ATTOR/VEKI 4 Sheets-Sheet 2. (NoModeL) T. ISON.

PHONOGRAPH.

No. 430,276. Patented June 17, 1890.

' llll lL l WIT/V5685 I y. I VE/VTOR I ATTORNEYS.

' (No Model.) 4 Sheets-Shem, a, T. A. EDISON.

PHONOGRAPH. No 430,276. Patented June 17, 1890. H

J/WEIVTOR WIT 88/58:

Arm/mm;

(N0.M0del.) 4 Sheets-Sheet 4.

T. A. EDISON.

PHONOGRAPH. No. 430,276. Patented June 17, 1890.

WITNESSES lVl/E/VTOI? UNITED STATES PATENT FFICE;

THOMAS A. EDISON, OF LLEWELLYN PARK, NEW JERSEY.

PHONOGRAPH.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 430,276, dated June 17, 1890.

Application filed January 15, 188

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, THOMAS A. EDISON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Llewellyn Park, in the county of Essex and State of New J ersey,-have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Phonograph's, (Case No. 818,) of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to improvements in the mechanism of my phonograph, whereby it is made more convenient and efficient in operation.

My object, especially, is to provide the phonograph with devices for determining antomatically the exact posit-ion of the recording and reproducing points on the phonogram-cylinder, whether thick or thin,thereby avoiding the necessity of adjusting the presser-foot upon the gnide-rest,in order to secure this relation each time a new or different size recording blank is used.

My object, further, is to provide a more efficient form of cutting-knife for turning off the surface of the phonogramblank, to provide a more sensitive governor for regulating the speed of revolution of the phonographshaft, also to provide devices for disengaging the traveler-nut from the feedingscrew when the recorder or reproducer is lifted off of the surface of the blank, so as to prevent the wearing out of the feeding-screw thread by dragging the traveler-nut over it, and also to provide a suitable protecting-coverfor the p11onogram-blank, which will direct the wax cut into a receptacle beneath the cylinder, which will be so adapted to the machine as to enable the phonogram blanks to be removed from and placed on the cylinder without removing the cover from the machine;

The invention consists in the several novel devices and combinations of parts, as fully hereinafter explained, and pointed out by the claims.

I11 the accompanying drawings, forming a part hereof, Figure 1 is a side elevation of the phonograph with the motor-box in section. Fig. 2 is atop view of the phonograph. Figs. 3 and 4 are views showing the two po sitions of the device for disengaging the traveler-nut from the SC1'6\ -thread. Fig. 5 is an end View of the phonograph. Fig. 6 is a top view of the spectacle-frame with one of its 9- Serial No. 296,420. (No model.)

arms in section, showing the spring-lock for the presser-foot. Fig. 7 is a side view of one of the arms of the spectacle-frame, showing the automatic determination and locking devices. Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 7, but from the other side of the arm. Fig. 9 is a view illustrating one of the functions of the automatic locking devices. Fig. 10 is a top view of the presser-foot, showing the attachment of the auxiliary presser-foot thereto. Fig. 11 is a perspective view illustrating the construction of the cutting-knife. Figs. 12 and 13 are views of the governor.

A is the phonograph-shaft carrying the phonogram-cylinder B, and provided with the fine feeding-screw a. The phonograph-shaft is rotated by an endless beltb from the motor 0. Another endless belt (Z from the vertical shaft of the motor rotates the spindle D of the governor. This spindle carries centrifugal governor-balls e, mounted upon springs f, which move a sleeve g up and down upon the governor-spindle according to the position of the governor-balls. This sleeve 9 has an extended plain surface g, upon which bears a circuit-spring h. It also has a disk upon the under side of which bears the upwardlyturned end of another circuit-spring h, which is mounted upon a spring ]L2, and is adjusted vertically by means of a nut h. Now it will be seen that as the governor-balls lift the sleeve 9 the instant that the disk g leaves the point of the circuit-spring h the circuit will be broken. The spring it maintains a constant and perfect connect-ion with the sleeve 9 by bearing upon its plain surface g, so that the circuit is broken only at one point. By this form of governor I can maintain a more sensitive regulation of the speed of the motor. I do not find it necessary to use the magnet which I have heretofore employed, and as described in my application, Serial No. 281,453, filed July 30, 1888; butI can connect this governor directly with the armature of the motor and produce a more sensitive regula- The rocking holding-arm E,whioh carries the swinging spectacle-frame F, is secured upon a sleeve Gr, upon which is loosely sleeved the traveler-arm H, having a sectional nut engaging With the feeding-screw a, as has been made plain by applications for patents altion without the intervention of the magnet.

Ioo

ready filed by me, and especially by said application, Serial No. 281,458. The traveler-nut is disengaged from the feeding-screw by the striking of the projection i on the sleeve G against the stud t" on the traveler-arm; but this does not occur until the spectacle-frame is thrown back to near the limit of its movement.

I have found it a convenient practice in using the phonograph to raise the spectacleframe a short distance and move it along laterally by hand, so as to bring the recording or reproducing point ata different place upon the phonogram; but this movement drags the traveler-nut over the feed-screw and wears that screw out, since when the spectacle-frame is raised only partway the projection i does not strike the stud 11, and the traveler-nut is still in engagement with the feed-screw. To overcome this difficulty, I pivot upon the side of the traveler-arm II a prop-arm I, provided with two curved surfaces j, and a notch j, engaging with a stud Y0 and with the surface of a cam mounted upon the end of the sleeve G. When the parts are in the position shown in Fig. 3, the spectacle-frame is lowered and the recording and reproducing point is in engagement with the phonogram. The traveler-nut also engages with the feeding-screw (1-. Now if the spectacle-frame is lifted the sleeve G is turned, and this turns the cam k on the end of the sleeve, and the stud 7c in leaving the notch j tilts the proparm I into a vertical position, and this proparm, having its lower end bearing upon the base-plate of the phonograph, lifts the traveler-arm a slight distance, sufficiently so to disengage the traveler-nut from the feedingscrew. The prop-arm is maintained in this position by the engagement of the curved surfacej with the surface of the cam 70'. The spectacle-frame can now be moved laterally 10 bring the recording or reproducing point to a new place on the phonogram, and the traveler-nut, being out of engagement with the feed-screw, will not wear such screw. In this movement the lower end of the prop-arm I slides along on the base of the phonograph. Now if the spectacle-frame is dropped the cam k will be turned and the stud It will again engage the notch j, tilting the pro p-arm 1 into an inclined position and lowering the traveler-arm, so that the traveler-nut will engage the feed-screw.

My improved cutting-knife K (shown particularly inrFig. 11) is placed obliquely to the line of record, as shown. It is secured to the spectacle-frame in this position, and has its cutting end Z curved, as shown, to conform to the shape of the surface of the cylindrical phonogram. By giving it this shape it cuts a wider chip,and the result is a greater smoothness in the surface of the phonogram-blank.

On account of the electrification of the chipsor shavings which are cut fromthesurface of the phonogram-blank by the knife, I have found it necessary to cover the phonogram-blank as completely as possible with a protecting-cover L, to direct said particles into the receptacle provided for them and prevent them from becoming scattered over the machine and surrounding objects. This covers the entire upper half of the phonogramblank with the exception of an opening on the front side of the cover, through which the recording and reproducing points act upon the surface of the blank, and so prevents the electrified particles from escaping and directs them into the receptacle provided for them beneath the cylinder. This cover L has lugs m, which are secured to the base of the phonograph, so as to support the cover from that end. At the other end of the cover a closing-plate L is secured to the swinging arm M, which carries the movable center for the phonograph-shaft. The other end of the cover L is closed permanently. By mounting the closing-plate L upon the swinging arm the phonogram-cylinder is entirely inclosed on its top side and ends, except for the opening through which the recording and reproducing devices act, and by swinging the arm outwardly the end of the cover will be opened, so that the phonogram-blank can be removed from the machine and a new one substituted for it without removing the cover entirely from the machine.

The principal feature of my present invention relates to means for determining automatically the precise relation which the recording or reproducing point should bear to the surface of the phonograIn-blank. The spectacle frame F has two arms N, one for each eye of the frame, and these project forward over a guide-rest 0, each arm N having a presser-foot P, which bears-upon the guiderest and supports the spectacle frame as it moves laterally in a definite relation to the surface of the phonogram-blank. Heretofore I have employed an adjustable screw, passing through each of the arms N of the spectacleframe and bearing at its lower end upon the guide-rest. This construction made it necessary to adjust the spectacle -frame to the guide-rest every time a new phonogram-blank was placed upon the machine orthe thickness of the blank reduced by cutting while on the machine. I find that it is possible to provide the machine with devices whereby each time the spectacle-frame is lowered the exact position of that frame with relation to the phonogram-blank will be automatically determined, so as to obtain the proper exact adjustment without skill on the part of the operator of the instrument. I have tried many different constructions of devices for this purpose, some of which were provided with a fixed determining-point, which would strike the surface of the phonogram-blank as the spectacle-frame is lowered, holding it in that position until a lock was operated by hand to fix the relation of the parts, when the determining-pointwould be moved away from the surface of the wax to prevent it from wearing such surface, either by an independ ent movement or by the movement necessary to lock the presser-foot. I have also used devices having a movable determining-point, as one mounted upon a pivoted lever, the'movement of which determining-point would either lock the presser-foot by its direct movement or release a spring-lock. Upon a number of these forms I propose to make separate applications for patents. The preferred construction is illustrated in the drawings by Figs. 5 to 10, and is one in which the determiningpoint is movable, and by its movement releases a spring-lock. The presser-foot P is a plate mounted upon the lower end of a bar P, which passes up through arm N. A spring n is connected with a pin at the upper end of the bar P and with another pin upon the side of the arm N, and drawing downwardly upon the bar P tends to project the presser-foot downwardly to the lowermost limit of its movement. The bar P is provided with a V-shaped slot extending longitudinally, and into this slot projects the beveled end of a locking-bolt 0, which is attached to a pivoted lever Q, projecting above the arm N and having a finger-piece p projecting forward over the end of the lifting-knobp on the end of the arm N. A spring 0 throws the lock ing-bolt 0 forward into engagement with the bar P. The determining-point R is carried by a lever S and strikes the surface of the phonogram-blank close to the recording or reproducing point and approximately in line laterally therewith. The lever S is pivoted on-the side of the arm N, and from that point projects upwardly, where its upper end engages with a stud q, projectinglaterally from the upper end of the lever Q. The engaging end of the lever S is split and is provided with an adjustin -screw q, so that the exact point in the adjustment of the parts at which the end of the lever will be engaged and disengaged by the stud q can be accurately determined. The engagement of the stud q of the lever Q with the end of the lever S holds the bolt 0 out of engagement with the V'- shaped slot of the sliding bar P. The retracting movement is very slight, so that there will be little or no loss of movement in effecting engagement of the bolt with the sliding bar. The bolt being thus locked in a retracted position, if the spectacle-frame is lifted the presser-foot P will be projected to its lowermost position by the spring n, and as the spectacle-frame is lowered the presserfoot will strike the guide-rest O and the bar P will slide upwardly through the arm N against the tension of the spring n. The downward movement continues against the tension of the spring at until the determiningpoint B strikes the surface of the phonograinblank, when the slightest further movement disengages the end of the lever S from the stud q of the lever Q and the spring-lock is released, the bolt 0 being projected forward into engagement with the sliding bar P, and

the presser-foot being locked rigidly in the position of adjustment, which is determined by the determining-point R. The lever S is then free, except for a slight forward springpressure, so that the point R,Which is rounded, I

will ride over the surface of the phonogram blank without injury thereto, the point being sufficiently wide to bridge a number of the lines of record. By having the finger p of the lever Q project over the lifting-knob 10 the finger p will be pressed downwardly each time that the spectacle-frame is lifted, and the result will be the locking of this lever by the lever S and the releasing of the presserfoot each time the spectacle-frame is lifted, so that when the spectacle-frameis lowered again a readjustment of the parts will be had. As will be understood from applications for patents already filed by me, and especially from said application, Serial No. 281,453, my machine is provided with a tilting-bar T, placed in front of the guide-rest O and designed to raise the spectacle-frame and the travelerarm simultaneously, so as to effect a retract.- ing movement. It is obvious that if this tilting-bar T is accidentally left in a tilted position, so as to engage the presser foot before it strikes the guide-rest, as shown in Fig. 9, the adjustment would be secured with relation to this tilting-bar and not with relation to the guide-rest, and the operator then turning the tilting-bar down the result would be the throwing of the recording or reproducing point too far into the surface of the phonogram-blank. To prevent such an accident, I provide an auxiliary presser-foot r, forming the lower end of the lever 1",Wlll0h is pivoted upon the resser-foot P. The auxiliary presser-foot 1" projects normally below the presserfoot P. The lever r is held against the pin 3 by means of a spring 3, and thus secures this advance position of the auxiliary presserfoot. The upper end of the lever a is provided with a tooth t,which-engages with a pin t on the side of the arm N. When the tilting-bar T is in its normal position, the auxiliary presserfoot 7' does not strike it, and the lever 0* slides up and down, with the sliding bar P against the pin 5, without the engagement of the tooth twith the pint; but should the tilting-bar be accidentally left in a tilted position the lowering of the spectacle-frame will cause the auxiliary presser-foot r to first strike the tilting-bar, and this will throw the lever r to one side, so that the tooth 25 will pass under the pin t. This will hold the spectacle-frame in an elevated position and prevent it from beinglowered. The operator will then observe the difficulty and'turn the tilting-bar, the effect of which will be to cause the spring 5 to throw theleverr over against the pin 3, when the presser-foot will strike the guide-rest and the proper'adjustment will be secured. These devices for automatically determining the adjustment are mounted upon each of the arms N of the spectacleframe, so. that the adjustment will be per:

formed for the recorder as Well as for the reproducer.

"While the devices that I have described for determining automatically the adjustment of the recording and reproducing point with relation to the surface of the phonogram are preferred by me, I do not wish to limit the scope of my invention to such special devices, since many other forms can be employed, as I have before indicated.

What I claim as my invention is 1. In a phonograph, the combination, with a frame carrying the recorder or reproducer and movable toward and away from the surface of the phonogram-blank and a guiderest maintaining its relation with the phonogram-surface, of a determining-point carried by such frame adjusted with relation to the point of the recorder or reproducer and determining by contact with the phonogramsurface the proper relation of the recording or reproducing point therewith, substantially as set forth.

2. In a phonograph, the combination, with a frame movable toward and away from the surface of the phonogranrblank and carrying the recorder or producer, a guide-rest, and an adjustable presser-foot for supporting said frame from the guide-rest, of a determining-point carried by said frame, and determining by contact with the phonogram surface the exact position of adjustment of the recording or reproducing point therewith, and a lock for locking the position of the presser-foot at such point of adjustment, substantially as set forth.

In a phonograph, the combination,.with a frame carrying the recorder or reproducer and movable toward and away from the phonogram-surface, a guide-rest and an adjustable presser-foot supporting the frame from the guide-rest, of a movable determiningpoint carried by said frame, and determining automatically by contact with the phonogramsurface the proper adjustment of the recorder or reproducing point with said surface, and a lock for locking the presser-foot in that position of adjustment and for releasing the determining-point, substantially as set forth.

4. In a phonograph, the combination, with a frame movable toward and away from the phonogram-surface and carrying the recorder or reproducer, a guide-rest, and an adjustable presser-foot supporting the said frame from the guide-rest, of a movable determiningpoint carried by the frame, and determining automatically by contact with the phonogramsurface the adjustment of the recorder or reproducer therewith, and a lock for locking the presser-foot, automatically controlled or operated by the movement of the determining-point, substantially as set forth.

5. In a phonograph, the combination, with a frame movable toward and away from the phonogram-surface and carrying the recorder or reproducer, a guide-rest, and an adjustable presser-foot supporting the said frame from the guide-rest, of a movable determiningpoint carried by said frame and making contact with the phonogram-surface, and a springlock locking the presser-foot and released by the movement of the determining-point after it touches the phonogram-surface, substantially as set forth.

6. In a phonograph, the combination, with a frame movable toward and away from the phonogram-surface and carrying the recorder or reproducer, a guide-rest, and an adjustable presser-foot supporting the said frame from the guide-rest, of a determining-point formed by the end of a lever pivoted upon said frame, and a spring-lock locking the presser-foot and released by the movement of the determining-lever, substantially as set forth.

'7. In a phonograph, the combination, with the movable frame and the guide-rest, of the Presser-foot carried by a sliding bar, a spring throwing such presser-foot downwardly, and a lock for locking the presser-foot at any point of adjustment, substantially as set forth.

8. In a phonograph, the combination, with the movable frame, of the presser-foot thrown outwardly by a spring, a determining-point carried by the frame, and a lock for locking the presser-foot at the point of adjustment determined by the determining-point, substantially as set forth.

9. In a phonograph, the combination, with the movable frame and the automatic determining-point, of the presser-foot, a look therefor, and a releasing-finger, which is grasped in raising the frame, substantially as set forth.

10. In a phonograph, the combination, with the movable frame, guide-rest, and tilting-bar, of the presser-foot projected outwardly by a spring and an auxiliary presser-foot having a locking-tooth and acting to lock the frame in an elevated position when the tilting-bar is turned, substantially as set forth.

11. In a phonograph, the combination, with a spectacle-frame carrying the recorder and reproducer in its two eyes, of separate arms for such eyes and the automatic adj ustmentdetermining devices mounted upon each of such arms, substantially as set forth.

12. In a phonograph, a cutting-knife having an oblique cutting-point curved to conform to the curvature of the cylindrical phonogram-surface, substantially as set forth.

13. In a phonograph, the combination, with the rocking holding-arm, the traveler-arm, and the feed-screw, of a lifting-arm moved by the movement of the rocking holding-arm and serving to disengage the traveler-nut from the feed-screw, substantially as set forth.

14. In a phonograph, the combination, with the rocking holding-arm'and the traveler-arm connected loosely together, of a cam moved by the lifting of the rocking holding-arm and a prop-arm worked by the movement of such cam, and serving to lift the traveler-arm whenever the rocking holding-arm is lifted, the top and ends of such cylinder, the outer substantially as set forth. end plate of such cover being mounted upon 15. In aphonograph,the combination, with the swinging arm carrying the center, subthe phonogram-cylinder, of a cover covering stantially as set forth.

5 its entire upper half, both top and ends, eX- This specification signed and witnessed this I5 cept for an opening through which the re- 12th day of January, 1889. cording and reproducing devices act, sub- THOMAS A. EDISON. stantially as set forth. WVitncsses: 4

16. In a phonograph, the combination, with WILLIAMPELZER,

10 the phonograin-cylinder, of a. cover covering E. O. ROWLAND.

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