US4249632A - Safety device for the protection of pedestrians - Google Patents

Safety device for the protection of pedestrians Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US4249632A
US4249632A US06/025,751 US2575179A US4249632A US 4249632 A US4249632 A US 4249632A US 2575179 A US2575179 A US 2575179A US 4249632 A US4249632 A US 4249632A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
front
vehicle
safety device
hood
front hood
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US06/025,751
Inventor
Erich Lucchini
Martin Kramer
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Volkswagen AG
Original Assignee
Volkswagen AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE19782814107 priority Critical patent/DE2814107A1/en
Priority to DE2814107 priority
Application filed by Volkswagen AG filed Critical Volkswagen AG
Assigned to VOLKSWAGENWERK AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT, A CORP. OF GERMANY reassignment VOLKSWAGENWERK AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT, A CORP. OF GERMANY ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: KRAMER, MARTIN, LUCCHINI ERICH
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US4249632A publication Critical patent/US4249632A/en
Assigned to VOLKSWAGENWERK AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT, A GERMAN CORP. reassignment VOLKSWAGENWERK AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT, A GERMAN CORP. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: KRAMER, MARTIN, LUCCHINI ERICH
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R21/00Arrangements or fittings on vehicles for protecting or preventing injuries to occupants or pedestrians in case of accidents or other traffic risks
    • B60R21/34Protecting non-occupants of a vehicle, e.g. pedestrians
    • B60R21/38Protecting non-occupants of a vehicle, e.g. pedestrians using means for lifting bonnets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R21/00Arrangements or fittings on vehicles for protecting or preventing injuries to occupants or pedestrians in case of accidents or other traffic risks
    • B60R21/34Protecting non-occupants of a vehicle, e.g. pedestrians
    • B60R21/36Protecting non-occupants of a vehicle, e.g. pedestrians using airbags

Abstract

A safety device for the protection of pedestrians involved in a collision with a vehicle is arranged in the zone of the front hood of the vehicle. The safety device is in the form of a mechanism for raising the rear of the front hood, which mechanism can be triggered by a sensor installation arranged in the zone of the front bumper of the vehicle for detection of a collision with the pedestrian. Upon detection of a collision, the mechanism raises the front hood from a rest position to an impact position in which the potential for contact between the pedestrian's head and the windshield are reduced.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

It is known that pedestrians and bicycle riders are especially endangered in road traffic and are exposed to a considerable chance of injury in the event of a collision with a vehicle because of the absence of suitable protection. These injuries are due in particular to the fact that in a collision between a vehicle and a pedestrian, parts of the pedestrian's body will directly strike the hard and relatively unyielding body parts of the vehicle. The head of an adult pedestrian is in particular danger in a collision with a vehicle because his head will strike the vehicle in the relatively hard area of the transition from the hood to the windshield or on the windshield proper, thereby suffering considerable injury.

In order to reduce injuries produced when the body of a pedestrian strikes the front hood of a vehicle, it has been proposed that the vehicle be provided with an approximately wedge-shaped front part having a front edge which is as soft as possible. However, this does not eliminate the problem of the relatively hard rear portions of the front hood of the vehicle which rise sharply to form the windshield and, along with other parts, cause serious head injuries. Intercepting loops have likewise been proposed for the protection of pedestrians. These loops, after being triggered by sensor devices arranged, e.g., on the bumper, are folded upward and hold the pedestrian on the hood after a collision so that he cannot be hurtled back to the street from the hood. This device, however, also cannot diminish the dangers of injury that occur when the head and the upper body of the pedestrian strike the windshield at the rear zone of the hood.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is the purpose of the present invention to create a safety device which considerably reduces the danger of injury to the head and the upper body of a pedestrian which can occur upon striking the front hood of a vehicle during a collision. In particular, it is its aim to considerably eliminate the sharpness of the rise in the zone of impact in the rear part of the front hood, which zone in the typical vehicle is relatively hard and unyielding, by means of mechanisms that displace the front hood out of a rest position into a raised impact position.

In an illustrative embodiment of the invention a collision with a pedestrian is detected by a sensor installation. This sensor operates a mechanism that causes the front hood to be displaced into an impact position which is lifted relative to the hood's normal or rest position. As a result there is created, with respect to chest or head impact of the pedestrian, a deformation path on the vehicle body that is effective in providing more favorable energy dissipation and a reduction in head and chest decelerations, thus producing less risk of injury. At the same time, the lifting of the front hood, especially in its rear zone, prevents an impact of the pedestrian's head on the especially dangerous zone of the cowl panel of the lower windshield frame and the windshield wiper and supports, respectively.

In accordance with one embodiment of the invention, the front hood may be designed to be pivotable around a horizontal swivel pin arranged on the front end of the vehicle. With such an arrangement a mechanism for lifting the front hood is arranged in the zone of the rear of the front part of the car. In accordance with another embodiment, mechanisms for lifting the front hood essentially parallel to its rest position are provided in the front and rear zones of the front part of the car.

In order to maintain and guide the displacement movement of the front hood when triggered by the sensor installation, there are provided, in accordance with a further proposal of the invention, mechanisms for limiting the displacement movement. These mechanisms may be formed by double-winged hinges which are held with one wing on the front hood and with the other wing on the vehicle frame.

A further feature of the invention involves utilizing gas bag devices as the mechanisms for raising the front hood, which bags are maintained in a folded condition underneath the front hood when in the rest state. These devices are triggered by signals from the sensor installation and can be blown up by means of a propellant. The gas bag devices are designed to extend essentially over the entire width of the vehicle. According to the invention, known types of gas bag devices are provided with flow-off valves or discharge openings that ensure favorable energy absorption upon impact with the pedestrian's body by throttling air losses produced on outflow. Inasmuch as between the first contact of the pedestrain with the bumper of the vehicle and the impact of the head on the vehicle hood, approximately 80 ms pass, as determined by the pertinent measurements, there is sufficient time to inflate the gas bag device through a corresponding signal from the sensor installation.

Finally, it may be of advantage if the front hood, in a known manner, is made of some easily deformable material, at least on its front edge, so that the injuries suffered when the pelvis of the pedestrian hits the front edge of the hood can be reduced.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Further advantages and essential characteristics of the invention are indicated in the following description, which explains in detail the examples of embodiments of the invention, and in the drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is an illustrative embodiment of the invention in which the rear of a vehicle hood is raised during an impact,

FIG. 2 is an embodiment similar to FIG. 1 in which the hood is free to pivot forward, and

FIG. 3 is an embodiment in which the front and rear of the hood are raised an equal amount.

DESCRIPTION OF EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS

The individual figures show different embodiments of a front hood 3 of a vehicle 1 which can be raised by means of a gas bag device 5. Similar parts shown in the various figures bear like reference numbers, possibly with a superscript.

In FIG. 1 the vehicle is shown in a side view with a pedestrian 2 being struck by the vehicle. The front hood 3 of the vehicle can be pivoted around an essentially horizontally extending swivel pin 4 placed at the front edge of the car. The hood 3 can be displaced by means of the gas bag 5 which extends essentially across the entire width of the vehicle, so as to move it from a rest position indicated by broken lines to an interception position indicated by full lines. In the rest position, the gas bag 5 is folded and placed underneath the front hood 3, approximately in the zone under the cowl. It can be inflated in the shortest possible time through a gas generator 6. The gas generator, in a known manner, may include a gas tank or a gas-producing solid propellant charge which is ignited by means of a sensor 7 over a signal line 9. As shown in FIG. 1, the sensor is suitably arranged in the zone of the front bumper bar 10 of the vehicle 1 and has sensor strips 8 which detect a collision with the pedestrian.

The rear of the hood has a safety or interception hinge 11 with two wings 12 and 13 which can be swivelled relative to each other and whose ends are connected with the hood 3 and the vehicle frame, respectively. This safety hinge which is folded together in the rest position of the front hood 3, limits the displacement path of the front hood. The front edge 14 of the hood 3 preferably is made of a very deformable material, e.g., a plastic material. The front edge is designed to provide favorable impact conditions for the pelvic region of the pedestrian 2 upon being struck by the vehicle 1.

The embodiment in accordance with FIG. 2 differs from the one in FIG. 1 merely in that the vehicle front hood 3' extends downwardly, approximately as far as the zone of the front bumper bar of the vehicle, and is made pivotable about a horizontally extending swivel pin 4' located in that zone. By means of this embodiment, inflation of the gas bag 5 not only causes the front hood 3' to be raised vertically in its rear zone, but also causes the zone of its front edge 15 to move forward in the direction of travel. This forward displacement results in a small, but favorable, deformation path in the pelvic impact region. In this case, it is useful if the zone of the front edge 15 of the front hood 3' is composed of a deformable material.

Finally, in the embodiment in FIG. 3, two gas bags, 5a and 5b are provided, one each arranged in the front and the rear zones of the front part of the vehicle 1, e.g. under the front hood 3". They provide an approximately parallel lifting of the front hood 3" in case of a collision with a pedestrian 2. These air bags, which are provided with corresponding gas generators 6a and 6b, respectively, also extend essentially over the entire width of the vehicle. In order to limit the displacement of the front hood 3", two safety hinges 11a and 11b are provided which hold and guide the hood during its displacement into the impact position. Here, again, the front edge 16 of the front hood 3" is made of a very deformable material.

The essential advantage of the devices that appear in the drawings is that the lifting of the front hood, in particular in the rear of the front part of the car, creates a deformation path on the car body for the impact area of the head and the upper body of the pedestrian, which path effects a favorable energy dissipation by providing a decrease in the head and chest decelerations of the pedestrian hit by the vehicle and thereby a smaller risk of injury. At the same time the devices prevent the head of the pedestrian from striking the especially dangerous area of the cowl panel, as well as the bottom of the windshield frame with the windshield wiper supports. In particular when a pedestrian lands on the hood during a collision, the hood, as well as the hinges and the air bags, can dissipate the impact energy by being deformed and pushed back into their rest positions. The deformation of the hood will form a relatively soft pocket that restrains the motion of the pedestrian. By designing this structure with a predetermined strength, it can be made to begin to collapse before the force reaches a level at which the pedestrian will receive a serious injury. If the hood is not raised, as in the prior art, the various hard vehicle components under the hood, e.g. the motor and transmission, create a very short deformation path for the hood. Also a very hard surface after deformation is created, which surface will certainly injure the pedestrian's body because its strength exceeds the tolerance of the human body.

The lodging of the air bags underneath the front hood does not require any changes in the outer contour of the vehicle and this positioning assures that the air bag is protected from damage by alien bodies and the like. In the embodiments as per FIG. 2, and in particular as per FIG. 3, the front hood can also be made of energy-absorbing deformable material in its front region so that pelvic impact can also be substantially alleviated.

It is evident that in place of the safety or interception hinges for holding and guiding of the front hood, other holding devices, e.g., catch hooks, may be used.

While the present invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to preferred embodiments thereof, it will be evident to those skilled in the art that various changes in form and detail may be made without departing from the sprit and scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

We claim:
1. A safety device for the protection of pedestrians involved in a collision with a vehicle having a front hood extending in a generally horizontal plane above the vehicle frame and covering a forward compartment in a front part of the vehicle comprising:
displacement means for the displacement of the front hood from a rest position into an impact position raised relative to the rest position, said displacement means being arranged in the zone of the front hood of the vehicle; and
sensor means arranged in the front zone of the vehicle for detection of a collision with the pedestrian, said displacement means being triggered into operation by said sensor means upon detection of a collision with the pedestrian.
2. A safety device as in claim 1, wherein said displacement means include a horizontal swivel pin arranged at the front end of the vehicle, the front end of the front hood being pivotable about said pin, and a lifting mechanism in the rear of the front part of the car for lifting the rear end of the front hood.
3. A safety device as in claim 1, wherein said displacement means include lifting mechanisms in the front and in the rear zones of the front part of the car for lifting the front hood from its rest position to a raised parallel impact position.
4. A safety device as in claims 1, 2 or 3 wherein the displacement means include limit means for limiting the displacement of the front hood.
5. A safety device as in claim 4, characterized in that the limit means for limiting the displacement of the front hood are formed by hinges with two wings, one wing being attached to the front hood and the other wing being attached to the vehicle frame.
6. A safety device as in claims 1, 2 or 3 wherein the displacement means comprise gas bag devices which in the rest state are maintained in a folded condition under the front hood and, upon being triggered by signals from the sensor means, are inflated by means of a propellant.
7. A safety device as in claim 6, wherein the gas bag devices extend essentially across the entire vehicle width.
8. A safety device as in claims 1, 2 or 3 wherein the front hood, at least at its front edge, is comprised of a deformable and energy-absorbing material.
9. A safety device as in claim 5 wherein the front hood, at least at its front edge, is comprised of a deformable and energy-absorbing material.
10. A safety device as in claim 7 wherein the front hood, at least at its front edge, is comprised of a deformable and energy-absorbing material.
US06/025,751 1978-04-01 1979-03-30 Safety device for the protection of pedestrians Expired - Lifetime US4249632A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19782814107 DE2814107A1 (en) 1978-04-01 1978-04-01 Safety device for protecting pedestrians
DE2814107 1978-04-01

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US4249632A true US4249632A (en) 1981-02-10

Family

ID=6035928

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US06/025,751 Expired - Lifetime US4249632A (en) 1978-04-01 1979-03-30 Safety device for the protection of pedestrians

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US4249632A (en)
DE (1) DE2814107A1 (en)

Cited By (82)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4359120A (en) * 1979-08-23 1982-11-16 Daimler-Benz A.G. Passenger motor vehicle with yielding body front sections
US5263546A (en) * 1991-04-16 1993-11-23 Jaguar Cars Limited Vehicle bonnets
US5462324A (en) * 1994-04-15 1995-10-31 Public Transportation Safety Devices Corp. Safety guard
US5697467A (en) * 1993-06-19 1997-12-16 Jaguar Cars Limited Vehicle bonnets
EP0914992A1 (en) * 1997-11-05 1999-05-12 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Velocity calculating device and hood raising system
EP0926018A1 (en) * 1997-12-19 1999-06-30 Automobiles Citroen Pedestrian protection method in case of a frontal collision with a motor vehicle and device for carrying out the method
EP0937612A2 (en) 1998-02-24 1999-08-25 Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho A collision discriminating apparatus for vehicles using detecting means in the front bumper
EP0967128A2 (en) 1998-06-26 1999-12-29 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Device for reducing the impact to a pedestrian during a collision with a motor vehicle
GB2344080A (en) * 1998-11-27 2000-05-31 Brian Michael Temple Device for reducing the damage to a person or animal struck by the front end of a vehicle
GB2347539A (en) * 1999-03-01 2000-09-06 Breed Automotive Tech Vehicle impact detection apparatus
US6217108B1 (en) * 1999-07-09 2001-04-17 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle hood apparatus
US6293362B1 (en) 1999-07-09 2001-09-25 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle hood apparatus
US6330734B1 (en) * 1999-09-13 2001-12-18 Hyundai Motor Company Hinge assembly for automobile hoods
US6345679B1 (en) 1999-07-19 2002-02-12 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle hood apparatus
FR2813053A1 (en) * 2000-08-16 2002-02-22 Volkswagen Ag Method for actuating a component of a personal protection system, as well as corresponding device and system
US6364402B1 (en) 1999-07-19 2002-04-02 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicular hood apparatus
GB2368562A (en) * 2000-11-03 2002-05-08 Autoliv Dev An air-bag arrangement for deployment between the rear of the bonnet and the windscreen of an automobile
US6386623B1 (en) * 2000-06-19 2002-05-14 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Automotive hood of inflatable character
WO2002049884A1 (en) * 2000-12-19 2002-06-27 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Scuttle area air bag for pedestrian protection
US6415882B1 (en) 2001-11-05 2002-07-09 Ford Global Technologies, Inc. Deployable hinge for pedestrian protection vehicle hood
US6415883B1 (en) 2002-01-24 2002-07-09 Ford Global Technologies, Inc. Deployable A-pillar covers for pedestrian protection
US6439330B1 (en) 2001-11-05 2002-08-27 Ford Global Technologies, Inc. Vehicle hood deployment device for pedestrian protection
GB2373218A (en) * 2001-03-13 2002-09-18 Autoliv Dev A safety device for raising a vehicle bonnet in the event of a collision
US6474679B2 (en) * 2000-07-27 2002-11-05 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Vehicle air bag system
US6516278B1 (en) * 1999-09-16 2003-02-04 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle hood operating system
US20030042714A1 (en) * 2001-09-06 2003-03-06 Takata Corporation Inflatable external airbag system
US6547316B2 (en) * 2000-11-12 2003-04-15 Hyundai Motor Company Fender panel impact absorption structure of vehicle having walker protection function
US20030121710A1 (en) * 2001-12-27 2003-07-03 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Hood structure of motor vehicle
US6588526B1 (en) * 1999-05-17 2003-07-08 Edsca Ag Front hood assembly
US6600412B2 (en) * 2000-09-19 2003-07-29 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Sensor system for vehicle
US20030193075A1 (en) * 2001-11-19 2003-10-16 Nanya Technology Corporation Fuse structure
US6637536B1 (en) * 1999-05-17 2003-10-28 Edscha Ag Front hood assembly
US6668962B2 (en) * 2001-05-18 2003-12-30 Hyundai Motor Company Hood hanging structure for a vehicle
US6712169B2 (en) 2002-05-16 2004-03-30 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Displaceable automotive hood assembly
US20040064230A1 (en) * 2002-09-24 2004-04-01 Tetsuya Takafuji Pedestrian collision protection system and collision site detecting apparatus for use in vehicle
US20040080180A1 (en) * 2002-09-09 2004-04-29 Plastal Spa Structure for the front of a vehicle, of the type with control of the deformation for the safeguard of the pedestrian
US20040115426A1 (en) * 2001-02-26 2004-06-17 Freerk Bosma Structural material in particular suitable for vehicles such as cars
US20040124621A1 (en) * 2001-03-13 2004-07-01 Heath Knight-Newbury Safety arrangement for a vehicle
FR2852569A1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-09-24 Valeo Thermique Moteur Sa Motor vehicle front face module, has lower part connected to upper part supporting vehicle equipment, where module is convenient to actual vehicles whose windshield base is located with balance of front wheels axis
US6817435B2 (en) * 2000-11-08 2004-11-16 Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Hood hinge and body structure
US20050004674A1 (en) * 2001-11-30 2005-01-06 Jacques Senegas Intervertebral implant with elastically deformable wedge
EP1500562A1 (en) * 2003-07-24 2005-01-26 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Collision protection apparatus of vehicle
US20050057022A1 (en) * 2001-06-18 2005-03-17 Trw Occupant Restraint Systems Gmbh & Co. Actuating device for a safety means
US20050116817A1 (en) * 2002-02-09 2005-06-02 Bernhard Mattes Front sensor of a vehicle
US20050212327A1 (en) * 2004-03-26 2005-09-29 Autoliv Asp, Inc. Pedestrian protection apparatus for motor vehicles
US20050257980A1 (en) * 2004-05-18 2005-11-24 Green David J Active vehicle hood system and method
US20050275246A1 (en) * 2004-06-09 2005-12-15 Browne Alan L Hood assembly utilizing active materials based mechanisms
EP1607283A1 (en) * 2004-06-18 2005-12-21 Ford Global Technologies, LLC Device for reducing the impact for pedestrians
US20060118348A1 (en) * 2002-11-28 2006-06-08 Lennart Haglund Safety arrangement
US20060131086A1 (en) * 2004-11-17 2006-06-22 Gerhard Lutter Hood lift mechanism and method
US20060151228A1 (en) * 2003-09-03 2006-07-13 Takata-Petri Ag Motor vehicle safety device for protecting pedestrians and cyclists
US20060162982A1 (en) * 2003-02-21 2006-07-27 Thomas Lich Device for recognising an obstacle underride
US20070063540A1 (en) * 2004-06-09 2007-03-22 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Hood lift mechanisms utilizing active materials and methods of use
US20070062713A1 (en) * 2005-09-12 2007-03-22 John Szurpicki Rotary lawn edger tool
US20070063544A1 (en) * 2004-06-09 2007-03-22 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Hood lift mechanisms utilizing active materials and methods of use
US20070068721A1 (en) * 2004-06-09 2007-03-29 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Hood lift mechanisms utilizing active materials and methods of use
US20070112513A1 (en) * 2003-04-09 2007-05-17 Vincent Mathevon Pedestrian detecting system
US20070115104A1 (en) * 2005-11-21 2007-05-24 Denso Corporation Collision detection system and protection system using the same
US20070151791A1 (en) * 2004-02-17 2007-07-05 Peter Gust Arrangement of a front hood having an adjusting lever on a vehicle
US20070158127A1 (en) * 2004-03-05 2007-07-12 Katsuaki Taguchi On-vehicle component fixation-release apparatus
US20070186633A1 (en) * 2006-02-02 2007-08-16 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Dual mode contact sensor for automotive vehicle
US20070236047A1 (en) * 2006-04-04 2007-10-11 Mattias Wallman Grille and bonnet assembly for a vehicle
US20080042461A1 (en) * 2004-07-03 2008-02-21 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Motor Vehicle Comprising A Pop-Up Hood
US20080093150A1 (en) * 2006-10-18 2008-04-24 Schramm Michael R Pedestrian protection hood lifting systems
US20080114516A1 (en) * 2006-11-15 2008-05-15 Jackson David M Inflatable pusher
US20080258489A1 (en) * 2004-10-01 2008-10-23 Daimlerchrysler Ag Safety Device for a Motor Vehicle
US20080316008A1 (en) * 2007-06-19 2008-12-25 Denso Corporation Collision-detecting device for automotive vehicle
US7591333B1 (en) * 1999-05-17 2009-09-22 Edscha Ag Front hood assembly
DE10016142B4 (en) * 2000-03-31 2010-01-21 Volkswagen Ag Trigger switch for a passenger protection system
US20100263957A1 (en) * 2009-04-17 2010-10-21 Tony Shaw Vehicle Hood Apparatus
CN101890985A (en) * 2010-03-01 2010-11-24 奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 Front hatch bouncing device
US20110100743A1 (en) * 2009-11-04 2011-05-05 Dr. Ing. H.C.F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft Motor vehicle
DE112005001173B4 (en) * 2004-05-25 2011-06-16 General Motors Corp., Detroit vehicle
US8267216B2 (en) 2004-06-09 2012-09-18 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Hood lift mechanisms utilizing active materials and methods of use
US8579068B2 (en) 2011-06-02 2013-11-12 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Hood latch and striker system for pedestrian protection
US8602466B2 (en) 2011-05-09 2013-12-10 Public Transportation Safety International, Corp. Telescoping vehicle safety guard
US8863879B1 (en) * 2013-07-24 2014-10-21 Nissan North America, Inc. Vehicle front end structure
US20150224956A1 (en) * 2014-02-07 2015-08-13 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Collision detection apparatus
US20160288750A1 (en) * 2015-04-02 2016-10-06 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Front section for a motor vehicle
US9676367B2 (en) 2011-05-09 2017-06-13 Public Transportation Safety International Corp. Telescoping vehicle safety guard
US10118585B2 (en) 2016-08-25 2018-11-06 Public Transportation Safety Int'l. Corp. Vehicle safety guard
US10207672B2 (en) 2015-10-15 2019-02-19 Public Transportation Safety International Corp. Telescoping vehicle safety guard

Families Citing this family (53)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4313786C2 (en) * 1993-04-27 1996-01-25 Daimler Benz Ag Motor vehicle having an engine and / or decklid
DE19615744C1 (en) * 1996-04-20 1997-06-05 Daimler Benz Ag Vehicle with several body parts each with outer skin movable on impact
DE19721565B4 (en) * 1996-05-31 2006-10-05 Volkswagen Ag Safety device in a vehicle for protecting pedestrians
DE19710417B4 (en) * 1997-03-13 2008-04-03 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag Arrangement of a front flap on a vehicle
DE19712961B4 (en) * 1997-03-27 2009-07-09 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft A method relating to a device for lifting a front flap on a vehicle
DE19758961B4 (en) * 1997-03-27 2014-02-27 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Safety mounting for front engine cover - has rear hinges on lifting support to raise rear edge of cover in collision
DE19846645A1 (en) * 1998-10-09 2000-04-13 Volkswagen Ag Vehicle hood assembly
DE19935342B4 (en) * 1999-07-28 2014-09-04 Volkswagen Ag Vehicle having a safety device against shock hazardous vehicle parts of the outer skin
DE10021143A1 (en) * 2000-04-29 2001-10-31 Volkswagen Ag Safety device for vehicle has energy storage unit with energy storage devices activated independently and/or at time intervals depending on collision conditions to raise hood
DE10022094B4 (en) * 2000-05-08 2012-07-05 Volkswagen Ag Energy-absorbing body part on a vehicle
DE10037051A1 (en) * 2000-07-29 2002-02-28 Acts Gmbh & Co Kg Car with bonnet (hood) acting as safety device has bonnet pivoted at bumper height and closing mechanism in rear region of bumper
DE10056250A1 (en) 2000-11-14 2002-05-16 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag Motor vehicle with a front hood
DE10061510A1 (en) * 2000-12-06 2002-06-27 Edag Eng & Design Ag Vehicle engine bonnet has inflatable airbag between upper and lower shells forming bonnet between vehicle front and windscreen to raise up upper shell in event of pedestrian impact and reduce injury
DE10116523C1 (en) * 2001-04-03 2002-10-31 Benteler Automobiltechnik Gmbh Safety device for protecting pedestrians and cyclists during impact with the bonnet of passenger cars, has lifting mechanism which has a leaf spring on the bonnet and displaces bonnet from rest position to impact position
DE10123480B4 (en) * 2001-05-15 2009-10-01 Volkswagen Ag An impact attenuating front bonnet on a vehicle
DE10126457C2 (en) * 2001-05-31 2003-07-24 Daimler Chrysler Ag safety device
DE10146564A1 (en) 2001-09-21 2003-04-10 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag motor vehicle
DE10152621B4 (en) * 2001-10-25 2018-10-31 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Arrangement of a front flap on a vehicle
DE10159864A1 (en) * 2001-12-06 2003-06-26 Benteler Automobiltechnik Gmbh Bonnet arrangement for motor vehicles has sensor-activated lifting device to move bonnet into raised collision protection to protect pedestrians
DE10163820B4 (en) * 2001-12-22 2004-03-11 Benteler Automobiltechnik Gmbh safety device
DE10209664B4 (en) * 2002-03-05 2004-03-04 Benteler Automobiltechnik Gmbh safety device
DE10243497B4 (en) * 2002-09-19 2004-10-07 Ise Innomotive Systems Europe Gmbh Device for protecting persons during a frontal impact with a motor vehicle
DE10249272A1 (en) * 2002-10-23 2004-05-13 Ise Innomotive Systems Europe Gmbh Device for protecting persons during a frontal impact with a motor vehicle
DE10253441B3 (en) * 2002-10-25 2004-04-29 Bühler Motor GmbH Automobile engine safety hood lifting device, has first drive operated reversibly if there is danger of collision, second drive for very fast hood displacement in event of collision with pedestrian
DE10308140B3 (en) * 2003-02-26 2004-09-30 Ise Innomotive Systems Europe Gmbh Device for protecting persons during a frontal impact with a motor vehicle
DE10311533B3 (en) 2003-03-17 2004-12-09 Ise Innomotive Systems Europe Gmbh Device for protecting persons during a frontal impact with a motor vehicle
DE10314433B4 (en) * 2003-03-31 2005-04-28 Ise Gmbh Device for protecting persons during a frontal impact with a motor vehicle
DE10315827B4 (en) * 2003-04-08 2005-04-14 Ise Innomotive Systems Europe Gmbh Device for protecting persons during a frontal impact with a motor vehicle
DE10323118B4 (en) * 2003-05-22 2011-07-21 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft, 80809 Means for manually reversing a device for the protection of persons in a frontal impact on a motor vehicle
DE10326404B4 (en) 2003-06-12 2007-09-06 Automotive Group Ise Innomotive Systems Europe Gmbh Device for protection of persons in a frontal impact with a motor vehicle
DE10327447B3 (en) * 2003-06-18 2004-12-16 Ise Innomotive Systems Europe Gmbh Automotive frontal collision cascade energy absorption mechanism releases hood on impact with pedestrian
DE10331081B4 (en) * 2003-07-09 2007-11-29 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag Device for protecting persons during a frontal impact with a motor vehicle
DE10343882B4 (en) 2003-09-23 2005-07-14 Kirchhoff Gmbh & Co.Kg Arrangement of a front flap on a vehicle
DE10344445A1 (en) * 2003-09-25 2005-05-12 Ise Gmbh Device for protecting persons during a frontal impact with a motor vehicle by placing the front hood
ITMO20030283A1 (en) 2003-10-21 2005-04-22 Lameplast Spa Bottle for fluid products, particularly pharmaceutical,
DE10350534B3 (en) * 2003-10-29 2005-09-08 Ise Innomotive Systems Europe Gmbh Device for protecting persons during a frontal impact on a motor vehicle by placing the front hood, at least in the front hood lock range
DE10350533B4 (en) * 2003-10-29 2005-09-08 Ise Innomotive Systems Europe Gmbh Device for protecting persons during a frontal impact with a motor vehicle by actively setting up the front hood
DE10362405B3 (en) * 2003-10-31 2017-11-23 Volkswagen Ag The front-hood for improving the pedestrian protection in the range Dersch yew wiper system on a vehicle
DE10351093B4 (en) * 2003-10-31 2016-07-07 Volkswagen Ag The front-hood for improving the pedestrian protection in the area of ​​the windshield wiper system on a vehicle
DE10352275B4 (en) 2003-11-08 2006-01-05 Ise Innomotive Systems Europe Gmbh Means for reversing an on accident prevention sensor-controlled active erected front hood of a motor vehicle
DE10358740A1 (en) * 2003-12-13 2005-07-14 Ise Innomotive Systems Europe Gmbh Device for protecting persons during a frontal impact with a motor vehicle by actively placing its front cover at least in the front hood lock area
DE102004009766B4 (en) * 2004-02-28 2013-05-08 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Vehicle safety device with at least one actuator for moving a part of the outer skin of the vehicle
DE102004015579B4 (en) * 2004-03-31 2006-09-14 Ise Innomotive Systems Europe Gmbh An apparatus for setting up the front hood of a motor vehicle at least in the front hood lock area event of an impending impact persons with a device for reversing the raised bonnet
DE102004015819B4 (en) * 2004-03-31 2006-04-13 Ise Innomotive Systems Europe Gmbh Device for erecting motor vehicle hood, at least in front hood lock region, in impending collision with person has reversing spring arrangement tensioned in basic state with spring force larger than that of erected spring storage device
JP4464772B2 (en) * 2004-09-01 2010-05-19 日本プラスト株式会社 Airbag and non occupant protection device
DE102004062105B4 (en) * 2004-12-23 2009-08-20 Ise Automotive Gmbh Device for protecting persons during a frontal impact with a motor vehicle by actively setting up the front hood
DE102005016324B4 (en) * 2005-04-09 2011-08-18 GM Global Technology Operations LLC, ( n. d. Ges. d. Staates Delaware ), Mich. Body for a motor vehicle
DE102005031024B4 (en) * 2005-07-02 2007-09-27 Daimlerchrysler Ag An apparatus for setting up the front hood of a motor vehicle in the hood hinge area event of an impending impact persons with a device for reversing the raised bonnet
DE102005034557B9 (en) * 2005-07-23 2009-04-09 Automotive Group Ise Innomotive Systems Europe Gmbh An apparatus for setting up the front hood of a motor vehicle in the hood hinge area event of an impending collision persons
DE102005034558B4 (en) * 2005-07-23 2008-12-04 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft An apparatus for setting up the front hood of a motor vehicle in the hood hinge area event of an impending collision persons
DE102005039908B4 (en) 2005-08-24 2007-08-30 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag An apparatus for setting up the front hood of a motor vehicle when an imminent impact persons with a device for reversing the raised bonnet
DE102006034726A1 (en) * 2006-07-27 2008-01-31 Automotive Group Ise Innomotive Systems Europe Gmbh An apparatus for setting up the front hood of a motor vehicle when an imminent impact persons
DE102007041555B4 (en) 2007-08-31 2014-08-28 Metalsa Automotive Gmbh An apparatus for setting up the front hood of a motor vehicle when an imminent impact persons

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1333797A (en) * 1919-12-08 1920-03-16 Lorenzo Antonino Di Automobile-fender
US1748371A (en) * 1929-07-22 1930-02-25 Carl H Trieschmann Automatic bumper and body catcher
FR954430A (en) * 1947-09-29 1949-12-26 Front bumper for automobiles
US3829140A (en) * 1972-08-11 1974-08-13 Nat Res Dev Safety device for vehicles
US4093290A (en) * 1975-03-14 1978-06-06 National Research Development Corporation Vehicle with safety device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1333797A (en) * 1919-12-08 1920-03-16 Lorenzo Antonino Di Automobile-fender
US1748371A (en) * 1929-07-22 1930-02-25 Carl H Trieschmann Automatic bumper and body catcher
FR954430A (en) * 1947-09-29 1949-12-26 Front bumper for automobiles
US3829140A (en) * 1972-08-11 1974-08-13 Nat Res Dev Safety device for vehicles
US4093290A (en) * 1975-03-14 1978-06-06 National Research Development Corporation Vehicle with safety device

Cited By (129)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4359120A (en) * 1979-08-23 1982-11-16 Daimler-Benz A.G. Passenger motor vehicle with yielding body front sections
US5263546A (en) * 1991-04-16 1993-11-23 Jaguar Cars Limited Vehicle bonnets
US5697467A (en) * 1993-06-19 1997-12-16 Jaguar Cars Limited Vehicle bonnets
US5462324A (en) * 1994-04-15 1995-10-31 Public Transportation Safety Devices Corp. Safety guard
US5735560A (en) * 1994-04-15 1998-04-07 Public Transporation Safety Devices Corp. Safety guard
US6332115B1 (en) 1997-11-05 2001-12-18 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Velocity calculating device and hood raising system
EP0914992A1 (en) * 1997-11-05 1999-05-12 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Velocity calculating device and hood raising system
EP0926018A1 (en) * 1997-12-19 1999-06-30 Automobiles Citroen Pedestrian protection method in case of a frontal collision with a motor vehicle and device for carrying out the method
EP0937612A2 (en) 1998-02-24 1999-08-25 Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho A collision discriminating apparatus for vehicles using detecting means in the front bumper
EP0967128A3 (en) * 1998-06-26 2002-10-16 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Device for reducing the impact to a pedestrian during a collision with a motor vehicle
US6182782B1 (en) 1998-06-26 2001-02-06 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Device for reducing the impact of pedestrians
EP0967128A2 (en) 1998-06-26 1999-12-29 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Device for reducing the impact to a pedestrian during a collision with a motor vehicle
GB2344080A (en) * 1998-11-27 2000-05-31 Brian Michael Temple Device for reducing the damage to a person or animal struck by the front end of a vehicle
GB2347539B (en) * 1999-03-01 2001-01-10 Breed Automotive Tech A vehicle impact detection apparatus and method
US6329910B1 (en) 1999-03-01 2001-12-11 Breed Automotive Technology, Inc. Vehicle impact detection apparatus and method
GB2347539A (en) * 1999-03-01 2000-09-06 Breed Automotive Tech Vehicle impact detection apparatus
US6588526B1 (en) * 1999-05-17 2003-07-08 Edsca Ag Front hood assembly
US7591333B1 (en) * 1999-05-17 2009-09-22 Edscha Ag Front hood assembly
US6637536B1 (en) * 1999-05-17 2003-10-28 Edscha Ag Front hood assembly
US6293362B1 (en) 1999-07-09 2001-09-25 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle hood apparatus
US6217108B1 (en) * 1999-07-09 2001-04-17 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle hood apparatus
US6364402B1 (en) 1999-07-19 2002-04-02 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicular hood apparatus
US6345679B1 (en) 1999-07-19 2002-02-12 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle hood apparatus
US6330734B1 (en) * 1999-09-13 2001-12-18 Hyundai Motor Company Hinge assembly for automobile hoods
US6516278B1 (en) * 1999-09-16 2003-02-04 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle hood operating system
DE10016142B4 (en) * 2000-03-31 2010-01-21 Volkswagen Ag Trigger switch for a passenger protection system
US6386623B1 (en) * 2000-06-19 2002-05-14 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Automotive hood of inflatable character
US6474679B2 (en) * 2000-07-27 2002-11-05 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Vehicle air bag system
DE10039755B4 (en) * 2000-08-16 2014-02-13 Volkswagen Ag Method for triggering a personal protection system component triggering device for a passenger protection system, and passenger protection system
FR2813053A1 (en) * 2000-08-16 2002-02-22 Volkswagen Ag Method for actuating a component of a personal protection system, as well as corresponding device and system
US6600412B2 (en) * 2000-09-19 2003-07-29 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Sensor system for vehicle
GB2368562A (en) * 2000-11-03 2002-05-08 Autoliv Dev An air-bag arrangement for deployment between the rear of the bonnet and the windscreen of an automobile
GB2368562B (en) * 2000-11-03 2004-02-04 Autoliv Dev Improvements in or relating to an airbag arrangement
US6817435B2 (en) * 2000-11-08 2004-11-16 Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Hood hinge and body structure
US6547316B2 (en) * 2000-11-12 2003-04-15 Hyundai Motor Company Fender panel impact absorption structure of vehicle having walker protection function
US6497302B2 (en) * 2000-12-19 2002-12-24 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Scuttle area air bag for pedestrian protection
WO2002049884A1 (en) * 2000-12-19 2002-06-27 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Scuttle area air bag for pedestrian protection
US20040115426A1 (en) * 2001-02-26 2004-06-17 Freerk Bosma Structural material in particular suitable for vehicles such as cars
US7246677B2 (en) * 2001-03-13 2007-07-24 Autoliv Development Ab Safety arrangement for a vehicle
US20040112664A1 (en) * 2001-03-13 2004-06-17 Rikard Fredriksson Safety arrangement for a vehicle
US7159685B2 (en) * 2001-03-13 2007-01-09 Autoliv Development Ab Safety arrangement for a vehicle
GB2373218A (en) * 2001-03-13 2002-09-18 Autoliv Dev A safety device for raising a vehicle bonnet in the event of a collision
US20040124621A1 (en) * 2001-03-13 2004-07-01 Heath Knight-Newbury Safety arrangement for a vehicle
GB2373218B (en) * 2001-03-13 2004-12-15 Autoliv Dev Improvements in or relating to a safety arrangement
US6668962B2 (en) * 2001-05-18 2003-12-30 Hyundai Motor Company Hood hanging structure for a vehicle
US7083023B2 (en) * 2001-06-18 2006-08-01 Trw Occupant Restraint Systems Gmbh & Co. Kg Actuating device for a safety means
US20050057022A1 (en) * 2001-06-18 2005-03-17 Trw Occupant Restraint Systems Gmbh & Co. Actuating device for a safety means
US6857495B2 (en) * 2001-09-06 2005-02-22 Takata Corporation Inflatable external airbag system
US20030042714A1 (en) * 2001-09-06 2003-03-06 Takata Corporation Inflatable external airbag system
US6439330B1 (en) 2001-11-05 2002-08-27 Ford Global Technologies, Inc. Vehicle hood deployment device for pedestrian protection
US6415882B1 (en) 2001-11-05 2002-07-09 Ford Global Technologies, Inc. Deployable hinge for pedestrian protection vehicle hood
US20030193075A1 (en) * 2001-11-19 2003-10-16 Nanya Technology Corporation Fuse structure
US7034378B2 (en) 2001-11-19 2006-04-25 Nanya Technology Corporation Fuse structure used in an integrated circuit device
US20050004674A1 (en) * 2001-11-30 2005-01-06 Jacques Senegas Intervertebral implant with elastically deformable wedge
US6938715B2 (en) 2001-12-27 2005-09-06 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Hood structure of motor vehicle
US20030121710A1 (en) * 2001-12-27 2003-07-03 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Hood structure of motor vehicle
US6415883B1 (en) 2002-01-24 2002-07-09 Ford Global Technologies, Inc. Deployable A-pillar covers for pedestrian protection
US7445072B2 (en) * 2002-02-09 2008-11-04 Robert Bosch Gmbh Vehicle upfront sensor
US20050116817A1 (en) * 2002-02-09 2005-06-02 Bernhard Mattes Front sensor of a vehicle
US6712169B2 (en) 2002-05-16 2004-03-30 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Displaceable automotive hood assembly
US20040080180A1 (en) * 2002-09-09 2004-04-29 Plastal Spa Structure for the front of a vehicle, of the type with control of the deformation for the safeguard of the pedestrian
US7004532B2 (en) * 2002-09-09 2006-02-28 Plastal Spa Structure for the front of a vehicle, of the type with control of the deformation for the safeguard of the pedestrian
US6832145B2 (en) * 2002-09-24 2004-12-14 Denso Corporation Pedestrian collision protection system and collision site detecting apparatus for use in vehicle
US20040064230A1 (en) * 2002-09-24 2004-04-01 Tetsuya Takafuji Pedestrian collision protection system and collision site detecting apparatus for use in vehicle
US20060118348A1 (en) * 2002-11-28 2006-06-08 Lennart Haglund Safety arrangement
US7621364B2 (en) 2002-11-28 2009-11-24 Autoliv Development Ab Safety arrangement
US20060162982A1 (en) * 2003-02-21 2006-07-27 Thomas Lich Device for recognising an obstacle underride
WO2004085230A3 (en) * 2003-03-17 2005-03-03 Pascal Harand Front panel module for motor vehicle
WO2004085230A2 (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-10-07 Valeo Thermique Moteur Front panel module for motor vehicle
FR2852569A1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2004-09-24 Valeo Thermique Moteur Sa Motor vehicle front face module, has lower part connected to upper part supporting vehicle equipment, where module is convenient to actual vehicles whose windshield base is located with balance of front wheels axis
US7905314B2 (en) * 2003-04-09 2011-03-15 Autoliv Development Ab Pedestrian detecting system
US20070112513A1 (en) * 2003-04-09 2007-05-17 Vincent Mathevon Pedestrian detecting system
EP1500562A1 (en) * 2003-07-24 2005-01-26 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Collision protection apparatus of vehicle
US20060151228A1 (en) * 2003-09-03 2006-07-13 Takata-Petri Ag Motor vehicle safety device for protecting pedestrians and cyclists
US20070151791A1 (en) * 2004-02-17 2007-07-05 Peter Gust Arrangement of a front hood having an adjusting lever on a vehicle
US20070158127A1 (en) * 2004-03-05 2007-07-12 Katsuaki Taguchi On-vehicle component fixation-release apparatus
US7681684B2 (en) * 2004-03-05 2010-03-23 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. On-vehicle component fixation-release apparatus
US7192079B2 (en) 2004-03-26 2007-03-20 Autoliv Asp, Inc. Pedestrian protection apparatus for motor vehicles
US20050212327A1 (en) * 2004-03-26 2005-09-29 Autoliv Asp, Inc. Pedestrian protection apparatus for motor vehicles
US20050257980A1 (en) * 2004-05-18 2005-11-24 Green David J Active vehicle hood system and method
US7303040B2 (en) 2004-05-18 2007-12-04 Autolive Asp, Inc. Active vehicle hood system and method
DE112005001173B4 (en) * 2004-05-25 2011-06-16 General Motors Corp., Detroit vehicle
US7556117B2 (en) 2004-06-09 2009-07-07 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Hood lift mechanisms utilizing active materials and methods of use
US20050275246A1 (en) * 2004-06-09 2005-12-15 Browne Alan L Hood assembly utilizing active materials based mechanisms
US7686120B2 (en) 2004-06-09 2010-03-30 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Hood lift mechanisms utilizing active materials and methods of use
US7823682B2 (en) 2004-06-09 2010-11-02 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Hood lift mechanisms utilizing active materials and methods of use
US20070063544A1 (en) * 2004-06-09 2007-03-22 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Hood lift mechanisms utilizing active materials and methods of use
US7392876B2 (en) * 2004-06-09 2008-07-01 General Motors Corporation Hood assembly utilizing active materials based mechanisms
US8267216B2 (en) 2004-06-09 2012-09-18 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Hood lift mechanisms utilizing active materials and methods of use
US20080197674A1 (en) * 2004-06-09 2008-08-21 General Motors Corporation Hood assembly utilizing active materials based mechanisms
US20070068721A1 (en) * 2004-06-09 2007-03-29 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Hood lift mechanisms utilizing active materials and methods of use
US20070063540A1 (en) * 2004-06-09 2007-03-22 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Hood lift mechanisms utilizing active materials and methods of use
US7950488B2 (en) * 2004-06-09 2011-05-31 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Hood assembly utilizing active materials based mechanisms
EP1607283A1 (en) * 2004-06-18 2005-12-21 Ford Global Technologies, LLC Device for reducing the impact for pedestrians
US20080042461A1 (en) * 2004-07-03 2008-02-21 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Motor Vehicle Comprising A Pop-Up Hood
US7661496B2 (en) * 2004-07-03 2010-02-16 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Motor vehicle comprising a pop-up hood
US20080258489A1 (en) * 2004-10-01 2008-10-23 Daimlerchrysler Ag Safety Device for a Motor Vehicle
US20060131086A1 (en) * 2004-11-17 2006-06-22 Gerhard Lutter Hood lift mechanism and method
US7594555B2 (en) * 2004-11-17 2009-09-29 Delphi Technologies, Inc. Hood lift mechanism and method
US20070062713A1 (en) * 2005-09-12 2007-03-22 John Szurpicki Rotary lawn edger tool
US20070115104A1 (en) * 2005-11-21 2007-05-24 Denso Corporation Collision detection system and protection system using the same
US20070186633A1 (en) * 2006-02-02 2007-08-16 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Dual mode contact sensor for automotive vehicle
US7677080B2 (en) 2006-02-02 2010-03-16 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Dual mode contact sensor for automotive vehicle
US20070236047A1 (en) * 2006-04-04 2007-10-11 Mattias Wallman Grille and bonnet assembly for a vehicle
US7416241B2 (en) * 2006-04-04 2008-08-26 Volvo Car Corporation Grille and bonnet assembly for a vehicle
US20080093150A1 (en) * 2006-10-18 2008-04-24 Schramm Michael R Pedestrian protection hood lifting systems
US7413049B2 (en) 2006-10-18 2008-08-19 Antolin Asp, Inc. Pedestrian protection hood lifting systems
US20080114516A1 (en) * 2006-11-15 2008-05-15 Jackson David M Inflatable pusher
US20080316008A1 (en) * 2007-06-19 2008-12-25 Denso Corporation Collision-detecting device for automotive vehicle
US7782180B2 (en) * 2007-06-19 2010-08-24 Denso Corporation Collision-detecting device for automotive vehicle
US20100263957A1 (en) * 2009-04-17 2010-10-21 Tony Shaw Vehicle Hood Apparatus
US7997375B2 (en) 2009-04-17 2011-08-16 Tony Shaw Vehicle hood apparatus
US20110100743A1 (en) * 2009-11-04 2011-05-05 Dr. Ing. H.C.F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft Motor vehicle
US8167076B2 (en) * 2009-11-04 2012-05-01 Dr. Ing. h.c.F. Porsche Aktiengesselschaft Motor vehicle
CN101890985A (en) * 2010-03-01 2010-11-24 奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 Front hatch bouncing device
US8602466B2 (en) 2011-05-09 2013-12-10 Public Transportation Safety International, Corp. Telescoping vehicle safety guard
US9676367B2 (en) 2011-05-09 2017-06-13 Public Transportation Safety International Corp. Telescoping vehicle safety guard
US9004554B2 (en) 2011-05-09 2015-04-14 Public Transportation Safety International Corp. Telescoping vehicle safety guard
US9573558B2 (en) 2011-05-09 2017-02-21 Public Transportation Safety Int'l. Corp. Telescoping vehicle safety guard
RU2587121C2 (en) * 2011-06-02 2016-06-10 Форд Глобал Технолоджис, ЛЛК System of latch and retainer cowl to protect pedestrian
US9120461B2 (en) 2011-06-02 2015-09-01 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Hood latch and striker system for pedestrian protection
US8579068B2 (en) 2011-06-02 2013-11-12 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Hood latch and striker system for pedestrian protection
US8863879B1 (en) * 2013-07-24 2014-10-21 Nissan North America, Inc. Vehicle front end structure
US9457763B2 (en) * 2014-02-07 2016-10-04 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Collision detection apparatus
US20150224956A1 (en) * 2014-02-07 2015-08-13 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Collision detection apparatus
US20160288750A1 (en) * 2015-04-02 2016-10-06 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Front section for a motor vehicle
US9919669B2 (en) * 2015-04-02 2018-03-20 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Front section for a motor vehicle
US10207672B2 (en) 2015-10-15 2019-02-19 Public Transportation Safety International Corp. Telescoping vehicle safety guard
US10118585B2 (en) 2016-08-25 2018-11-06 Public Transportation Safety Int'l. Corp. Vehicle safety guard

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE2814107A1 (en) 1979-10-04

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
DE4304152C2 (en) Side impact protection device for a vehicle occupant
DE10345387B4 (en) Pedestrian protective crash cushion
US6923483B2 (en) Bumper airbag and system
EP1279568B1 (en) A frontal air-bag separated from its recess upon inflation
CN1131801C (en) With the bumper can be absorbed by the part of the energy of a crash sensor control
US3951427A (en) Shock-absorbing front-wall for motor vehicles
US6543086B2 (en) Collapsible hood hinge
US6361092B1 (en) Automotive frame bumper interface for discriminated deceleration response
KR100417223B1 (en) Pt tajeung neutralized (countereact) device
US5567006A (en) Vehicle seat with articulated sections
CN100340434C (en) Motor vehicle safety device for protecting pedestrians and cyclists
EP1323597B1 (en) Hood structure of motor vehicle with a system for absorbing impact energy exerted on a colliding body
US5924723A (en) Side safety barrier device
US5149165A (en) Structures for lifting outboard side of seat of motor vehicle during side impact collision
US3804435A (en) Vehicle roll-over safety apparatus
US20030025358A1 (en) Vehicle front body structure
US5322322A (en) Side impact head strike protection system
US5707075A (en) Protecting apparatus
US5531470A (en) Side air bag incorporated in vehicle outer armrest
US6113132A (en) Device for passenger protection in a vehicle
US6817626B2 (en) Air bag system for a passenger car
US3953049A (en) Inflatable head protector
GB2191450A (en) Inflatable vehicle occupant protection
US20040074690A1 (en) Airbag device for pedestrian protection
US5911434A (en) Side impact air bag deployable between a vehicle body and an occupant

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: VOLKSWAGENWERK AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT, WOLFSBURG, WEST

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:KRAMER, MARTIN;LUCCHINI ERICH;REEL/FRAME:003852/0612;SIGNING DATES FROM 19790725 TO 19790730