US422606A - Manufacture of pulleys - Google Patents

Manufacture of pulleys Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US422606A
US422606A US422606DA US422606A US 422606 A US422606 A US 422606A US 422606D A US422606D A US 422606DA US 422606 A US422606 A US 422606A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
hub
patterns
rim
pulley
flask
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US422606A publication Critical patent/US422606A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22CFOUNDRY MOULDING
    • B22C9/00Moulds or cores; Moulding processes

Definitions

  • FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the mold ready for casting.
  • Fig. 4 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 3, except that it shows a metal cheek whereby to chill the face of the pulley.
  • Fig. 5 is a detail View illustrating a slightly-different manner of forming the nut-cavity.
  • Fig. 6 is a face view of a part of the pulley, parts being broken away to show the ends of the spoke and the nut in the hub; and
  • Fig. 7 is a detail view of one of the spokes with the pattern-bosses thereon.
  • the arms or spokes A are usually bent at a, as shown, to relieve the cast rim and hub of strain, and such spokes are preferably formed of wrought-iron with their ends fitted to receive the apertured patterns B, which form the cavities in the mold for the bosses O E on the cast rim 0 and cast hub D.
  • the hub D is cast with a central or axial bore d and with bosses E.
  • One end of the hub is usually formed with a portion of smaller diameter than the body of the hub, as will be understood from Figsl, 2, 3, and 4.
  • Within this hub is embedded or cast the apertured nut F, the threaded bore of which forms a bearing for the set-screw G, which secures the pulley to its shaft.
  • the moldis preferably formed in a threepart flask H, which may be of ordinary construction, comprising the middle section h,
  • the hub and rim patterns should be placed in concentric position within the middle flask-section h, and the space between the flask-section and the pattern-rim be rammed full of sand, forming the sand-cheek j, and the spacebetween the rim and hub patterns should then be 'filled to one-half its depth with sand.-
  • the spokes with the boss-patterns B B thereon should then be placed in the flask, and sand should then be rammed therein until the flask-section is filled, completing the body of sand J.
  • the rim-pattern may now be drawn or removed and the flasksection carrying the cheek j may be lifted off, exposing the ends of the arms or spokes and the outer boss-patterns, as shown in Fig. 2, which boss-patterns may then be removed and the flask-section and cheek be replaced.
  • the hub-pattern (not shown) may then be removed, and also the inner boss-patterns, leaving the inner ends of the arms exposed-
  • the nut F, with its core fand the center core K, may now be placed in position, and the hub-cavity be covered by a flat plate L, and the upper section having proper sprues or inlets for the molten metal, 'as shown in Fig. 3, and the lower section may be applied.
  • the mold is then ready for the molten metal.
  • the nut serves as a core for forming the cavity in which it rests.
  • cores M having heads m corresponding to the shape of and adapted to form cavities fitted to receive nuts.
  • a shank or stem n extends from this head to ICC the body of sand in the flask.
  • the face of the pulley is preferably chilled by using a metal surface, as shown at h in Fig. 4, against which to cast said face, as the shape of the spokes or arms prevents breakage and leaves no strain in the rim or face of the pulley.
  • I To balance the pulley, I employ an iron cup I, cast hollow and thin, with projections or priekers to hold lead or Babbitt metal sufficient to bring such cup to the desired weight.
  • This cup is secured on awrought-iron peg 0, cast into the rim of the pulley. It is usual to provide one of these pegs between each arm of the pulley and to cut off all except the one to which the cup is secured.
  • chilling the surface of the pulley in the manner before described the said surface may be formed perfectly true and the necessity of turning such face be obviated.
  • the chilleheek is preferably formed with handles for convenience in manipulating the same.
  • the improved method of constructing molds for pulleys which consists in placing the rim and hub patterns in the middle flasksection, partially filling the space between the rim and hub patterns with sand, placing the removable boss-patterns on the ends of the previously-prepared spokes, inserting said spokes with the applied boss patterns in the flask-section, filling said flask-section above the spokes with sand, removing the hub, rim, and boss patterns, and placing the upper and lower flask sections above and below the middle flask-section, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Casting Devices For Molds (AREA)

Description

J. T. MITCHELL. MANUFACTURE OF PULLEYS.
(No ModeL) Patented Mar. 4, 1890.
WITNESSES.-
ATTORNEYS N. PETERS. Pholwuthngmpher. walhin mn. 0. c
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEPH T. MITCHELL, OF SHELBYVILLE, AS$IGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO JAMES S. BAIRD, OF MURFREESBOROUGH, TENNESSEE.
MANUFACTURE OF PULLEYS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 422,606, dated March 4,1890. Application filed November 17, 1886. Renewed February 3, 1890. $erial No. 338,974. (No model.)
steps in my improved method. Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the mold ready for casting.
Fig. 4 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 3, except that it shows a metal cheek whereby to chill the face of the pulley. Fig. 5 is a detail View illustrating a slightly-different manner of forming the nut-cavity. Fig. 6 is a face view of a part of the pulley, parts being broken away to show the ends of the spoke and the nut in the hub; and Fig. 7 is a detail view of one of the spokes with the pattern-bosses thereon. U
In order to a full understanding of the method, I shall describe in connection therewith the construction of the pulley.
The arms or spokes A are usually bent at a, as shown, to relieve the cast rim and hub of strain, and such spokes are preferably formed of wrought-iron with their ends fitted to receive the apertured patterns B, which form the cavities in the mold for the bosses O E on the cast rim 0 and cast hub D. The hub D is cast with a central or axial bore d and with bosses E. One end of the hub is usually formed with a portion of smaller diameter than the body of the hub, as will be understood from Figsl, 2, 3, and 4. Within this hub is embedded or cast the apertured nut F, the threaded bore of which forms a bearing for the set-screw G, which secures the pulley to its shaft. By casting the nut in the hub I avoid the drilling and tapping of the hub ordinarily required.
The moldis preferably formed in a threepart flask H, which may be of ordinary construction, comprising the middle section h,
the upper section h, and the lower section 72, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4.
In making that part of the mold shown in Fig. 1 the hub and rim patterns should be placed in concentric position within the middle flask-section h, and the space between the flask-section and the pattern-rim be rammed full of sand, forming the sand-cheek j, and the spacebetween the rim and hub patterns should then be 'filled to one-half its depth with sand.- The spokes with the boss-patterns B B thereon should then be placed in the flask, and sand should then be rammed therein until the flask-section is filled, completing the body of sand J. The rim-pattern may now be drawn or removed and the flasksection carrying the cheek j may be lifted off, exposing the ends of the arms or spokes and the outer boss-patterns, as shown in Fig. 2, which boss-patterns may then be removed and the flask-section and cheek be replaced. The hub-pattern (not shown) may then be removed, and also the inner boss-patterns, leaving the inner ends of the arms exposed- The nut F, with its core fand the center core K, may now be placed in position, and the hub-cavity be covered by a flat plate L, and the upper section having proper sprues or inlets for the molten metal, 'as shown in Fig. 3, and the lower section may be applied. The mold is then ready for the molten metal.
Sometimes as many as four set-screws are used in one pulley-hub, in which case the number of nuts cast therein would be increased, or a single nut might be employed, such nut' being increased in length in line with the axis of the pulley, and having a number of threaded openings.
In the construction before described the nut serves as a core for forming the cavity in which it rests. Now, it will be understood that instead of casting the nut within the hub, as is preferred, I may carry outthis feature of my invention in themanner illustrated in Fig. 5, and which I will now explain.
In this modification I employ cores M, having heads m corresponding to the shape of and adapted to form cavities fitted to receive nuts. A shank or stem n extends from this head to ICC the body of sand in the flask. After casting, the removal of the core M, which may be picked out, leaves a cavity fitted to receive the nut, and the stem of core M forms an opening through which the set-screw may be passed into the bore of the nut.
In practice the face of the pulley is preferably chilled by using a metal surface, as shown at h in Fig. 4, against which to cast said face, as the shape of the spokes or arms prevents breakage and leaves no strain in the rim or face of the pulley.
To balance the pulley, I employ an iron cup I, cast hollow and thin, with projections or priekers to hold lead or Babbitt metal sufficient to bring such cup to the desired weight. This cup is secured on awrought-iron peg 0, cast into the rim of the pulley. It is usual to provide one of these pegs between each arm of the pulley and to cut off all except the one to which the cup is secured.
By chilling the surface of the pulley in the manner before described the said surface may be formed perfectly true and the necessity of turning such face be obviated. The chilleheek is preferably formed with handles for convenience in manipulating the same.
In successfully casting the pulley with a chilled surface the bent spokes or arms perform an important ofiiee in that they are able to stand the strain of shrinkage, and the rim is relieved of the warping and distortion which would be incident to the exertion of such strain thereon.
The construction of the pulley herein shown and described is not claimed in this application, but forms the subject-matter of a separate application for patent filed by me September 4, 1888, Serial No. 28l,53l.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new is- 1. The herein-described method of eonstructing a section of a mold for pulleys, comprising placing the rim and hub patterns within the flask, partially filling the space between said patterns with sand, placing the removable boss-patterns on the ends of previously-prepared spokes, and inserting said spokes and boss-patterns in the flask with the boss-patterns abutting the hub and rim patterns, filling the flask above said spokes and boss-patterns with sand, and removing the said hub, rim, and boss patterns, substantially as and for the purposes specified.
2. The improved method of constructing molds for pulleys, which consists in placing the rim and hub patterns in the middle flasksection, partially filling the space between the rim and hub patterns with sand, placing the removable boss-patterns on the ends of the previously-prepared spokes, inserting said spokes with the applied boss patterns in the flask-section, filling said flask-section above the spokes with sand, removing the hub, rim, and boss patterns, and placing the upper and lower flask sections above and below the middle flask-section, substantially as and for the purposes specified.
JOSEPH 'l. MITCHELL.
Witnesses:
JNo. R. WALLACE, JNo. '1. LANDIS.
US422606D Manufacture of pulleys Expired - Lifetime US422606A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US422606A true US422606A (en) 1890-03-04

Family

ID=2491523

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US422606D Expired - Lifetime US422606A (en) Manufacture of pulleys

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US422606A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4821599A (en) * 1983-10-22 1989-04-18 British Petroleum Company P.L.C. Energy storage flywheel

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4821599A (en) * 1983-10-22 1989-04-18 British Petroleum Company P.L.C. Energy storage flywheel

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US422606A (en) Manufacture of pulleys
US1964687A (en) Composite valve
US408632A (en) Thirds to john n
US390907A (en) Casting hooks into eyes
US2011007A (en) Method of making composite valves
US303773A (en) Geoege wiliielm august wiesiistg
US716870A (en) Process of casting finished pinions or gear-wheels.
US401804A (en) Metallic mold
US1954665A (en) Method of producing brake drums
US286754A (en) Chables o
US761176A (en) Core.
US165237A (en) Improvement in casting turbine wheels
US100795A (en) Improvement in coal-car and truck-wheels
US131486A (en) Improvement in the modes of casting wheels and pinions
US1871586A (en) Casting car wheels
US1774687A (en) Process of metal casting
US1280128A (en) Ring-mold.
US16868A (en) Improvement in casting railway-car wheels
US302034A (en) Means for supporting sand cores
US26394A (en) Improvement in casting boxes for wheel-hubs
US575995A (en) Ceylon smith
US217860A (en) Improvement in car-wheel copes
US275992A (en) John m
US204479A (en) Improvement in chills for hubs
US256257A (en) Chill for chilling metal