US422104A - Device for laying out orchards - Google Patents

Device for laying out orchards Download PDF

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US422104A
US422104A US422104DA US422104A US 422104 A US422104 A US 422104A US 422104D A US422104D A US 422104DA US 422104 A US422104 A US 422104A
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arms
orchards
laying out
device
set
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B5/00Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means
    • G01B5/14Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means for measuring distance or clearance between spaced objects or spaced apertures
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47GHOUSEHOLD OR TABLE EQUIPMENT
    • A47G1/00Mirrors; Picture frames or the like, e.g. provided with heating, lighting or ventilating means
    • A47G1/16Devices for hanging or supporting pictures, mirrors, or the like
    • A47G1/20Picture hooks; X-hooks
    • A47G1/205Devices for positioning picture hooks on a wall

Description

' (No Model.)

J. B. YOUNT. DEVICE FOR LAYING OUT OROHARDS. No. 422,104. Patented Peb.25,1890.,

UNITED STATES PATENT OE Ic-E.

JOHN BURNETT YOUNT, or DIXON, CALIFORNIA.

DEVICE FOR LAYING OUT ORCHARDS.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 422,104, dated February 25, 1890,

Application filed June 6, 18894 Serial No. 813,357. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that 1, JOHN BURNETT YOUNT, of Dixon, Solano county, State of California, have invented an Improvement in Devices for Laying out Orchards; and I hereby declare for a more complete explanation of my invention, Figure 1 is a perspective view of the apparatus. Fig. 2 is a horizontal section taken through the foot of one of the vertical posts and showing the means for holding and centering the stakes. Fig.3 is an enlarged View of the bottom of one of the posts with its adjustable central point and a stake in position beneath it. Fig. 4 shows the device for setting the tree.

In laying out orchards it is especially desirable that the trees should be so set with relation to each other as to form rows in several directions from any given point,with open roads or spaces between them for the purpose of cultivation, to gather fruit, and for symmetrical appearance. In order to effect this I employ a frame constructed as follows:

A is the central post or support, which passes vertically through a sleeve B in the center of a l1orizontally-graduated disk 0, this disk having its periphery divided into degrees, and such smaller divisions as may be necessary for the purpose of accurate adjustment. Beneath this disk are radial arms D, the inner ends of which have flat plates with holes through them to fit around the lower part of the horizontal sleeve beneath the disk 0, and these arms are provided with clasps E, through which pass extension-arms F. These arms are preferably grooved, as shown at G, and corresponding tongues II project from the bars D into these grooves when the bars F are passed through the guiding-straps E, so that these bars may be moved outwardly or inwardly to lengthen or shorten the arms, and

will be maintained in a perfect line with the bars D without looseness or side shake. Vernier-plates I have their inner ends fitted to surround the sleeve B, and their outer ends are attached to the arms D just beyond the edge of the disk O, and it will be manifest that the arms D maybe turned so as to stand at any desired angle with relation to each other, and this angle may be accurately de-,

'usted with relation to the arms F. Throu h' the guides K pass the two-part extension-- posts L, the two parts of the posts sliding within the guides K, and also through the clamping-guides M, by which they are locked at any desired point, this extension of the legs being necessary upon uneven or rolling ground in order to maintain the arms D and F in the horizontal position. In addition to this, the legs L are moved up and down within the guides K, so that while standing in a perfectly-vertical position the arms D and F will remain horizontal. The horizontal position of these arms is determined by means of the levels N, which are fixed in the surfaces of the bars D, and by which the proper adjustment is ascertained. The vertical position of the legs L may also be determined by levels fixed in someportion of the bars, or by plumb-bobs suspended in channels in the legs and showing through openings, as shown at O in the left-hand leg in the drawings, Fig. 1. The legs Lhave racks a fixed upon them, and ratchet-wheels Z) have their shafts journaled horizontally in the guides K, and provided with thumbmuts by which to turn them, so that the ratchet-wheels will raise or depress the legs when turned by their engagement with the toothed racks.

In setting an orchard it is desirable that the trees should all stand with the relation to each other at the intersecting angles of equilateral triangles, and in order to accomplish this the radial arms D and F are fixed, by

two of them alternately, the trees may be set with great exactness.

In order to fix the points Where trees are to be set, I employ stakes P, which pass through guides Q upon the bottom of the legs L, and in order to fix the stakes exactly in a central line the guides Q are made as shown in Fig. 2, that portion through which the stake is to pass being of somewhat larger diameter than the stake and having the springs 1 R fixed in it upon two sides, so that when the stake is introduced these springs will press the stake into one corner of the guide. That portion Q of the guide, which surrounds the leg L is of larger diameter than the guide Q, and this guide Q is set with relation to the clasp Q, so that one of its sides is parallel with one of the sides of the clasp, while the angle into which the stake is forced by the springs is in such a position that the center of the stake will be exactly in line through the center of the leg L, and when the stake is forced into the ground it will keep exactly the desired mathematical position. These stakes are thus set after the ground is properly prepared and ready to receive the trees.

YVhen the trees are to be set, I employ a board or plate S, having at one side an opening cut away, as shown at T, and through the two ends of this plate are holes, in which pins U are inserted. This plate is set upon the ground,'so that the slot T in the side exactly surrounds the stake P, which has been pre viously set, and the stake is withdrawn, the hole being made for the young tree to be set. The pins U being putinto the ground through the plate S, the tree is set, the hole partially filled, watered, and left until the water has been absorbed, after which the hole is filled above the level of the ground, and the tree is set perfectly vertical by means of the post V, which projects upward from the plate S at one side of the opening T and is provided with a strap WV, which holds the tree in position while being fixed in place,

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

v 1.. A device for laying out orchards, comprising the central graduated disk and standard, the radial arms extending outwardly therefrom, and the extension-sections fitted thereto and adjustable upon. said arms, substantially as described.

2. In a device for laying out orchards, the central graduated disk, the radial arms extending outwardly from the center of the said disk and having verniers, the sliding extensions guided upon said arms and fixed with relation thereto, and the levels N, in combination with the vertical posts passing through guides at the ends of the arms and adjustable and fixed with relation thereto, substantially as described.

3. In a device for laying out orchards, the radial extension arms, the central graduated disk and verniers by which said arms sion-legs, and mechanism for raising and de- I JOHN BURNETT YOUNT.

Witnesses:

HERMAN EPPINGER, EDGAR McFADYEN.

US422104A Device for laying out orchards Expired - Lifetime US422104A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2450897A (en) * 1945-10-26 1948-10-12 Herbert E Krueger Fixture for supporting and gauging brush riggings of motors and generators
US2591698A (en) * 1947-01-15 1952-04-08 James E Henry Shoran mechanical straight-line computer
US4662080A (en) * 1986-01-03 1987-05-05 Gale Edward R Panel measuring and layout tool
US8347514B1 (en) * 2010-05-24 2013-01-08 KV Structures, Inc. Power line tower alignment jig
US20160333603A1 (en) * 2009-03-13 2016-11-17 N. Eric Knudsen Post sleeve positioning systems and related methods

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2450897A (en) * 1945-10-26 1948-10-12 Herbert E Krueger Fixture for supporting and gauging brush riggings of motors and generators
US2591698A (en) * 1947-01-15 1952-04-08 James E Henry Shoran mechanical straight-line computer
US4662080A (en) * 1986-01-03 1987-05-05 Gale Edward R Panel measuring and layout tool
US20160333603A1 (en) * 2009-03-13 2016-11-17 N. Eric Knudsen Post sleeve positioning systems and related methods
US9938749B2 (en) * 2009-03-13 2018-04-10 N. Eric Knudsen Post sleeve positioning systems and related methods
US8347514B1 (en) * 2010-05-24 2013-01-08 KV Structures, Inc. Power line tower alignment jig
US8505265B2 (en) * 2010-05-24 2013-08-13 Kv Structures Power line tower alignment method

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