US4182628A - Partially amorphous silver-copper-indium brazing foil - Google Patents

Partially amorphous silver-copper-indium brazing foil Download PDF

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Publication number
US4182628A
US4182628A US05/921,425 US92142578A US4182628A US 4182628 A US4182628 A US 4182628A US 92142578 A US92142578 A US 92142578A US 4182628 A US4182628 A US 4182628A
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United States
Prior art keywords
percent
weight
indium
alloys
brazing
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Expired - Lifetime
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US05/921,425
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Thomas L. D'Silva
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GTE Sylvania Products Inc
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GTE Sylvania Products Inc
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Priority to US05/921,425 priority Critical patent/US4182628A/en
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Publication of US4182628A publication Critical patent/US4182628A/en
Assigned to MORGAN CRUCIBLE COMPANY PLC, THE reassignment MORGAN CRUCIBLE COMPANY PLC, THE ASSIGNS THE ENTIRES INTEREST SUBJECT TO LICENSE RECITED. SEE RECORD FOR DETAILS Assignors: GTE PRODUCTS CORPORATION
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K35/00Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting
    • B23K35/22Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting characterised by the composition or nature of the material
    • B23K35/24Selection of soldering or welding materials proper
    • B23K35/30Selection of soldering or welding materials proper with the principal constituent melting at less than 1550 degrees C
    • B23K35/3006Ag as the principal constituent
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K35/00Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting
    • B23K35/02Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting characterised by mechanical features, e.g. shape
    • B23K35/0222Rods, electrodes, materials, or media, for use in soldering, welding, or cutting characterised by mechanical features, e.g. shape for use in soldering, brazing
    • B23K35/0233Sheets, foils
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/12All metal or with adjacent metals
    • Y10T428/12493Composite; i.e., plural, adjacent, spatially distinct metal components [e.g., layers, joint, etc.]
    • Y10T428/12771Transition metal-base component
    • Y10T428/12861Group VIII or IB metal-base component
    • Y10T428/12896Ag-base component

Abstract

Alloys of the atomic composition, Ag.sub.(25-66) Cu.sub.(16-68) In.sub.(7-18) in the form of thin foil, are made ductile by the presence of appreciable amounts of amorphous phase and a metastable, micro-crystalline, solid solution, single phase and are especially suited for fabricating preforms for preplacement in a joint to be joined by an operation such as brazing.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

This invention relates to silver-copper-indium brazing alloys. More particularly it relates to silver-copper-indium brazing alloys in the form of a ductile thin brazing foil that can contain up to about 18 atomic percent of indium.

2. Prior Art

Alloys in the system Ag-Cu-In are used for vacuum tube brazing where high vapor pressure elements cannot be tolerated. The Ag-Cu-In alloys used currently are restricted to a maximum indium content of 15 weight percent. Above about 12 weight percent of indium, the alloys are difficult to fabricate by conventional casting and rolling technique. Therefore, the use of Ag-Cu-In alloys for brazing foil produced by prior methods is limited to alloys containing a maximum of about 12 percent by weight.

An alloy with 15 percent by weight In and a Ag-Cu eutectic ratio has a liquidus temperature of 705° C. and a melting range of 75° C. This wide melting range causes the alloy to liquate during the brazing cycle. Also the 15 percent by weight In, Ag-Cu eutectic ratio composition is the lowest melting of all the Ag base low vapor pressure brazing alloys available as foil, and there is a need for brazing alloys with a lower liquidus temperature.

U.S. Pat. No. 3,856,513 discloses a wire product where alloys are represented by the formula TiXj wherein T is a transition metal or mixture thereof and X is Al, Sb, Be, B, Ge, C, In, P, Si or Sn or mixtures thereof. The transition metals include metals from Groups IB, IIIB, IVB, VB, VIB, VIIB and VIIIB of the periodic table, i is from about 70 to about 87 and j is from about 13 to about 30 atomic percent. The patent also teaches that the alloys contain at least 50 percent amorphous phase. As is apparent from that description, 280 binary alloys and an infinite number of tertiary, quaternary, etc. alloys are disclosed. Specific examples are given to a Pd77.5 Cu6 Si16.5 alloy and a Ni40 Pd40 P20 alloy. The patent also discloses ternary alloys of the formula Ma Yb Zc in sheet, ribbon and powder form wherein M is Fe, Ni, Cr, Co or V, Y is P, C or B and Z is Al, Si, Sn, Sb, Ge, In or Be.

As can be appreciated, the disclosure of the foregoing patent does not teach the alloys of this invention nor does it indicate that any advantages occur in a silver-copper-indium system. Furthermore, it teaches that in order to be ductile the alloy must contain at least 50 percent amorphous phase.

It is believed, therefore, that a silver-copper-indium alloy in the form of a thin brazing foil that can contain up to 18 atomic percent of indium is an advancement in the art.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Brazing sheets having a thickness of from about 0.0005 to about 0.005 inches and having a composition expressed by the formula Agx Cuy Inz, wherein x is from abuot 25 to about 66 atomic percent, y is from about 16 to about 68 atomic percent and z is from about 7 to about 18 atomic percent, and containing appreciable amounts of an amorphous phase and a metastable, micro-crystalline, solid solution, single phase are ductile and are suitable for fabricating brazing preforms.

DETAILS OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

For a better understanding of the present invention, together with other and further objects, advantages and capabilities thereof, reference is made to the following disclosure and appended claims in connection with the above description of some aspects of the invention.

A silver base brazing alloy of an indium content higher than 15 percent by weight, is provided by this invention in the form of thin foils which are ductile and therefore suitable for fabricating into brazing preforms. The higher indium content provides an alloy having a lower liquidus temperature and a lower melting range than was heretofor available in brazing foils in the silver-copper-indium system.

The Ag-Cu-In ternary phase diagram is described in "A Bibliography of Indium," the Indium corporation of America pgs. 103-105. This reference also shows pseudobinary cross sections at 10 percent by weight In and 20 percent by weight In. The minimum melting composition at 10 percent by weight In corresponds to a Ag:Cu ratio of 62 to 28, with a liquidus temperature of 720° C. and a melting range of 120°C. At 20 weight percent of In, the minimum melting composition has a liquidus temperature of 650° C. and a melting range of 50° C. Therefore, with increasing indium content, the liquidus temperature and the melting range both decrease and this is highly desirable for a brazing alloy. The indium content is currently restricted to a maximum of 15 percent by weight beyond which it is extremely difficult to make thin foil by conventional processing techniques. Between 15 percent by weight and 20 percent by weight In, the alloy has substantial toughness so as not to embrittle the brazed joint whereas above 20 weight percent of In the brazed joint would be too brittle.

It has been known that rapid cooling or quenching of a molten metal produces amorphous phases rather than crystalline phases. Some techniques for producing rapidly quenched foil have been disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,896,203; 3,863,700; 3,881,548 and 3,881,541 incorporated by reference herein, however, the preferred process for producing the alloys of this invention is impinge a metal stream flowing from an orifice upon a rotating drum having a coolant inside the drum. The molten metal solidifies upon the drum and then is removed from the drum in the form of a metal strip of sheet. As can be appreciated, production of metal foils by this method is more economical than conventional casting and rolling techniques.

Depending on the cooling rate during the rapid quenching, of the alloys of this invention the resulting structure consists of a combination of an amorphous phase, new phases not available under equilibrium conditions and solid solution with solubility limits extended beyond their equilibrium values, as described by Pol Duwez, R. H. Willens in Transactions of the Metallurgical Society of AIME, Vol. 227, p. 362, April 1963. The amorphous phase is intrinsically ductile because the glassy structure allows for slip in all possible directions. Additional ductility results from the presence of a metastable micro-crystalline, single phase, solid solution which has a large grain-boundary area. The foil of this invention is made ductile by the presence of appreciable amounts of an amorphous phase and a metastable micro-crystalline solid solution single phase generated by a rapid cooling rate of the order of about 105 ° C./sec. to about 106 ° C./sec. This high rate of cooling is achieved through a number of available processes such as melt extraction, melt spin, vapor deposition and sputtering.

The major advantages of this invention are with the higher indium content alloys that is in the range of from about 12 to about 20 percent by weight of indium. The higher indium content alloys having a copper content of about 28 to 30 percent by weight and a silver content of from about 50 to about 60 percent by weight are preferred. Brazing foils of this invention containing less than 12 percent by weight of indium are more ductile than the prior art brazing foils having the same indium content and can be fabricated into more intricate shapes than the prior art brazing foils.

While there have been described what at present are considered to be the preferred embodiments of this invention, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (3)

What is claimed is:
1. A ductile thin brazing foil consisting essentially of a composition consisting essentially of an alloy of the formula Agx Cuy Inz wherein
x is from about 25 to about 66 atomic percent
y is from about 16 to about 68 atomic percent
z is from about 7 to about 18 atomic percent and containing an amorphous phase and a metastable, microcrystalline, solid solution single phase and having a thickness of from about 0.0005 to about 0.005 inches.
2. A sheet according to claim 1 wherein said indium content in said alloy is from about 12 to about 20 percent by weight.
3. A sheet according to claim 2 wherein said alloy has a copper content of from about 28 to 30 percent by weight and a silver content of from about 50 to about 60 percent by weight.
US05/921,425 1978-07-03 1978-07-03 Partially amorphous silver-copper-indium brazing foil Expired - Lifetime US4182628A (en)

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Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4253870A (en) * 1978-10-02 1981-03-03 Allied Chemical Corporation Homogeneous brazing foils of copper based metallic glasses
EP0038584A1 (en) * 1980-04-21 1981-10-28 BBC Aktiengesellschaft Brown, Boveri & Cie. Multi-layered-solder and method of producing such solder
US4316573A (en) * 1978-10-02 1982-02-23 Allied Corporation Homogeneous brazing foils of copper based metallic glasses
US4409181A (en) * 1981-08-24 1983-10-11 Gte Products Corporation Brazing compositions
US4448853A (en) * 1981-04-15 1984-05-15 Bbc Brown, Boveri & Company, Limited Layered active brazing material and method for producing it
US4469536A (en) * 1982-11-10 1984-09-04 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Alloys and method of making
US4522331A (en) * 1983-06-03 1985-06-11 Allied Corporation Method of brazing with low melting point copper-tin foils
EP0144998A2 (en) * 1983-12-13 1985-06-19 Allied Corporation Rapid solidified soldering filler metals
EP0166144A2 (en) * 1984-06-22 1986-01-02 Allied Corporation Homogeneous low melting temperatures brazing filler metal for joining ferrous and non-ferrous alloys
EP0167075A2 (en) * 1984-06-29 1986-01-08 International Business Machines Corporation Process for bonding current carrying elements to a substrate
US4591535A (en) * 1984-06-20 1986-05-27 Gte Products Corporation Method of brazing ceramics using active brazing alloys
US4704169A (en) * 1982-09-08 1987-11-03 Hiroshi Kimura Rapidly quenched alloys containing second phase particles dispersed therein
US4714982A (en) * 1984-06-29 1987-12-22 International Business Machines Corporation Substrate for a semiconductor package having improved I/O pin bonding
US4806721A (en) * 1983-07-11 1989-02-21 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Wire electrode for wire-cut electrical discharge machining
WO1989002482A1 (en) * 1987-09-14 1989-03-23 Allied-Signal Inc. BRITTLE, HOMOGENEOUS, METASTABLE BAg-GROUP BRAZING ALLOYS
US4839487A (en) * 1983-07-06 1989-06-13 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Wire electrode for wire-cut electrical discharge machining
US5796212A (en) * 1995-10-31 1998-08-18 Nec Corporation Linear beam microwave tube with planar cold cathode electrode as electron beam source
US20030084894A1 (en) * 1997-04-04 2003-05-08 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US20070157917A1 (en) * 1997-04-04 2007-07-12 Chien-Min Sung High pressure superabrasive particle synthesis
US20080047484A1 (en) * 1997-04-04 2008-02-28 Chien-Min Sung Superabrasive particle synthesis with growth control
US20090068937A1 (en) * 2006-11-16 2009-03-12 Chien-Min Sung CMP Pad Conditioners with Mosaic Abrasive Segments and Associated Methods
US20090093195A1 (en) * 2006-11-16 2009-04-09 Chien-Min Sung CMP Pad Dressers with Hybridized Abrasive Surface and Related Methods
US20090257942A1 (en) * 2008-04-14 2009-10-15 Chien-Min Sung Device and method for growing diamond in a liquid phase
US20100248596A1 (en) * 2006-11-16 2010-09-30 Chien-Min Sung CMP Pad Dressers with Hybridized Abrasive Surface and Related Methods
CN103846570A (en) * 2014-03-06 2014-06-11 河南晶泰航空航天高新材料科技有限公司 Preparation method of silver-based brazing filler metal for brazing high-volume-fraction SiC particle reinforced aluminum matrix composites
US8777699B2 (en) 2010-09-21 2014-07-15 Ritedia Corporation Superabrasive tools having substantially leveled particle tips and associated methods
US8974270B2 (en) 2011-05-23 2015-03-10 Chien-Min Sung CMP pad dresser having leveled tips and associated methods
US9011563B2 (en) 2007-12-06 2015-04-21 Chien-Min Sung Methods for orienting superabrasive particles on a surface and associated tools
US9138862B2 (en) 2011-05-23 2015-09-22 Chien-Min Sung CMP pad dresser having leveled tips and associated methods
US9199357B2 (en) 1997-04-04 2015-12-01 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US9221154B2 (en) 1997-04-04 2015-12-29 Chien-Min Sung Diamond tools and methods for making the same
US9238207B2 (en) 1997-04-04 2016-01-19 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US9409280B2 (en) 1997-04-04 2016-08-09 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US9463552B2 (en) 1997-04-04 2016-10-11 Chien-Min Sung Superbrasvie tools containing uniformly leveled superabrasive particles and associated methods
US9475169B2 (en) 2009-09-29 2016-10-25 Chien-Min Sung System for evaluating and/or improving performance of a CMP pad dresser
US9724802B2 (en) 2005-05-16 2017-08-08 Chien-Min Sung CMP pad dressers having leveled tips and associated methods
US9868100B2 (en) 1997-04-04 2018-01-16 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2970248A (en) * 1957-11-12 1961-01-31 Pacific Semiconductors Inc Pin material for glass seal semiconductor rectifier
GB1036245A (en) * 1962-12-31 1966-07-13 Westinghouse Brake & Signal Improvements relating to brazing or soldering alloys and methods of joining parts
US3373016A (en) * 1965-09-20 1968-03-12 North American Aviation Inc Brazing alloy
US3427154A (en) * 1964-09-11 1969-02-11 Ibm Amorphous alloys and process therefor
US3940293A (en) * 1972-12-20 1976-02-24 Allied Chemical Corporation Method of producing amorphous cutting blades
US4053728A (en) * 1975-10-24 1977-10-11 General Electric Company Brazed joint between a beryllium-base part and a part primarily of a metal that is retractable with beryllium to form a brittle intermetallic compound

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2970248A (en) * 1957-11-12 1961-01-31 Pacific Semiconductors Inc Pin material for glass seal semiconductor rectifier
GB1036245A (en) * 1962-12-31 1966-07-13 Westinghouse Brake & Signal Improvements relating to brazing or soldering alloys and methods of joining parts
US3427154A (en) * 1964-09-11 1969-02-11 Ibm Amorphous alloys and process therefor
US3373016A (en) * 1965-09-20 1968-03-12 North American Aviation Inc Brazing alloy
US3940293A (en) * 1972-12-20 1976-02-24 Allied Chemical Corporation Method of producing amorphous cutting blades
US4053728A (en) * 1975-10-24 1977-10-11 General Electric Company Brazed joint between a beryllium-base part and a part primarily of a metal that is retractable with beryllium to form a brittle intermetallic compound

Cited By (57)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4253870A (en) * 1978-10-02 1981-03-03 Allied Chemical Corporation Homogeneous brazing foils of copper based metallic glasses
US4316573A (en) * 1978-10-02 1982-02-23 Allied Corporation Homogeneous brazing foils of copper based metallic glasses
EP0038584A1 (en) * 1980-04-21 1981-10-28 BBC Aktiengesellschaft Brown, Boveri & Cie. Multi-layered-solder and method of producing such solder
US4448853A (en) * 1981-04-15 1984-05-15 Bbc Brown, Boveri & Company, Limited Layered active brazing material and method for producing it
US4409181A (en) * 1981-08-24 1983-10-11 Gte Products Corporation Brazing compositions
US4704169A (en) * 1982-09-08 1987-11-03 Hiroshi Kimura Rapidly quenched alloys containing second phase particles dispersed therein
US4469536A (en) * 1982-11-10 1984-09-04 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Alloys and method of making
US4522331A (en) * 1983-06-03 1985-06-11 Allied Corporation Method of brazing with low melting point copper-tin foils
US4839487A (en) * 1983-07-06 1989-06-13 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Wire electrode for wire-cut electrical discharge machining
US4806721A (en) * 1983-07-11 1989-02-21 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Wire electrode for wire-cut electrical discharge machining
EP0144998A3 (en) * 1983-12-13 1985-07-31 Allied Corporation Rapid solidified soldering filler metals
EP0144998A2 (en) * 1983-12-13 1985-06-19 Allied Corporation Rapid solidified soldering filler metals
US4591535A (en) * 1984-06-20 1986-05-27 Gte Products Corporation Method of brazing ceramics using active brazing alloys
EP0166144A2 (en) * 1984-06-22 1986-01-02 Allied Corporation Homogeneous low melting temperatures brazing filler metal for joining ferrous and non-ferrous alloys
EP0166144A3 (en) * 1984-06-22 1987-05-27 Allied Corporation Homogeneous low melting temperatures brazing filler metal for joining ferrous and non-ferrous alloys
US4587097A (en) * 1984-06-22 1986-05-06 Allied Corporation Homogeneous low melting temperature brazing filler metal for joining ferrous and non-ferrous alloys
EP0167075A3 (en) * 1984-06-29 1987-08-05 International Business Machines Corporation Process for bonding current carrying elements to a substrate
US4714982A (en) * 1984-06-29 1987-12-22 International Business Machines Corporation Substrate for a semiconductor package having improved I/O pin bonding
US4634041A (en) * 1984-06-29 1987-01-06 International Business Machines Corporation Process for bonding current carrying elements to a substrate in an electronic system, and structures thereof
EP0167075A2 (en) * 1984-06-29 1986-01-08 International Business Machines Corporation Process for bonding current carrying elements to a substrate
WO1989002482A1 (en) * 1987-09-14 1989-03-23 Allied-Signal Inc. BRITTLE, HOMOGENEOUS, METASTABLE BAg-GROUP BRAZING ALLOYS
US5796212A (en) * 1995-10-31 1998-08-18 Nec Corporation Linear beam microwave tube with planar cold cathode electrode as electron beam source
EP0772218A3 (en) * 1995-10-31 1999-02-03 Nec Corporation Linear beam microwave tube with planar cold cathode as an electron beam source
US9199357B2 (en) 1997-04-04 2015-12-01 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US7124753B2 (en) * 1997-04-04 2006-10-24 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US20070051354A1 (en) * 1997-04-04 2007-03-08 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US20070051355A1 (en) * 1997-04-04 2007-03-08 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US20070157917A1 (en) * 1997-04-04 2007-07-12 Chien-Min Sung High pressure superabrasive particle synthesis
US20030084894A1 (en) * 1997-04-04 2003-05-08 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US20080047484A1 (en) * 1997-04-04 2008-02-28 Chien-Min Sung Superabrasive particle synthesis with growth control
US20080248305A1 (en) * 1997-04-04 2008-10-09 Chien-Min Sung Superabrasive Particle Synthesis with Controlled Placement of Crystalline Seeds
US9463552B2 (en) 1997-04-04 2016-10-11 Chien-Min Sung Superbrasvie tools containing uniformly leveled superabrasive particles and associated methods
US9409280B2 (en) 1997-04-04 2016-08-09 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US7585366B2 (en) 1997-04-04 2009-09-08 Chien-Min Sung High pressure superabrasive particle synthesis
US9238207B2 (en) 1997-04-04 2016-01-19 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US20090283089A1 (en) * 1997-04-04 2009-11-19 Chien-Min Sung Brazed Diamond Tools and Methods for Making the Same
US9221154B2 (en) 1997-04-04 2015-12-29 Chien-Min Sung Diamond tools and methods for making the same
US8104464B2 (en) 1997-04-04 2012-01-31 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US20070295267A1 (en) * 1997-04-04 2007-12-27 Chien-Min Sung High pressure superabrasive particle synthesis
US9868100B2 (en) 1997-04-04 2018-01-16 Chien-Min Sung Brazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US9067301B2 (en) 2005-05-16 2015-06-30 Chien-Min Sung CMP pad dressers with hybridized abrasive surface and related methods
US9724802B2 (en) 2005-05-16 2017-08-08 Chien-Min Sung CMP pad dressers having leveled tips and associated methods
US8622787B2 (en) 2006-11-16 2014-01-07 Chien-Min Sung CMP pad dressers with hybridized abrasive surface and related methods
US20090068937A1 (en) * 2006-11-16 2009-03-12 Chien-Min Sung CMP Pad Conditioners with Mosaic Abrasive Segments and Associated Methods
US20090093195A1 (en) * 2006-11-16 2009-04-09 Chien-Min Sung CMP Pad Dressers with Hybridized Abrasive Surface and Related Methods
US20100248596A1 (en) * 2006-11-16 2010-09-30 Chien-Min Sung CMP Pad Dressers with Hybridized Abrasive Surface and Related Methods
US8398466B2 (en) 2006-11-16 2013-03-19 Chien-Min Sung CMP pad conditioners with mosaic abrasive segments and associated methods
US8393934B2 (en) 2006-11-16 2013-03-12 Chien-Min Sung CMP pad dressers with hybridized abrasive surface and related methods
US9011563B2 (en) 2007-12-06 2015-04-21 Chien-Min Sung Methods for orienting superabrasive particles on a surface and associated tools
US8252263B2 (en) 2008-04-14 2012-08-28 Chien-Min Sung Device and method for growing diamond in a liquid phase
US20090257942A1 (en) * 2008-04-14 2009-10-15 Chien-Min Sung Device and method for growing diamond in a liquid phase
US9475169B2 (en) 2009-09-29 2016-10-25 Chien-Min Sung System for evaluating and/or improving performance of a CMP pad dresser
US20150072601A1 (en) * 2010-09-21 2015-03-12 Chien-Min Sung Superabrasive tools having substantially leveled particle tips and associated methods
US8777699B2 (en) 2010-09-21 2014-07-15 Ritedia Corporation Superabrasive tools having substantially leveled particle tips and associated methods
US8974270B2 (en) 2011-05-23 2015-03-10 Chien-Min Sung CMP pad dresser having leveled tips and associated methods
US9138862B2 (en) 2011-05-23 2015-09-22 Chien-Min Sung CMP pad dresser having leveled tips and associated methods
CN103846570A (en) * 2014-03-06 2014-06-11 河南晶泰航空航天高新材料科技有限公司 Preparation method of silver-based brazing filler metal for brazing high-volume-fraction SiC particle reinforced aluminum matrix composites

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