US413586A - Supply-tank for water-closets or other receptacles - Google Patents

Supply-tank for water-closets or other receptacles Download PDF

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US413586A
US413586A US413586DA US413586A US 413586 A US413586 A US 413586A US 413586D A US413586D A US 413586DA US 413586 A US413586 A US 413586A
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valve
water
tank
pipe
chamber
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03DWATER-CLOSETS OR URINALS WITH FLUSHING DEVICES; FLUSHING VALVES THEREFOR
    • E03D1/00Water flushing devices with cisterns ; Setting up a range of flushing devices or water-closets; Combinations of several flushing devices
    • E03D1/02High-level flushing systems
    • E03D1/22Twin or multiple flushing cisterns

Description

(No Model.)
D. WELLINGTON. I SUPPLY TANK FOR WATER OLOSETS-OR OTHERREGEPTAGLES.
Patented 001 1. 22-, 1889.
N. PETERS. PhulwLflhographcr. Washhlglou. D. c.
* UNiTED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
DARIUS WELLINGTON, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
SUPPLY-TANK FOR WATER-CLOSETS OR OTHER R ECEPTAC LES.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 413,586, dated October 22, 1889.
To alt whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, Dnnrus WELLINGTON, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Boston, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Supply=Tanks for Water-Closets or other Receptacles, of which the following, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, 'is a specification. a
This invention relates to improvements in supplytanks' for water-closets or for similar purposes; and it consists in the features of construction and combination of devices hereinafter described and claimed, reference being made to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 represents a plan View of my improved tank. Fig. 2 represents a central longitudinal section of the same. Fig. 3 represents a horizontal section of the tank on the broken line A B, shown in Fig. 2; and Fig. 4 represents a vertical cross-section of the tank on the line C D, shown in Fig. 2.
Similar letters refer to similar parts wherever they occur on the different parts of the drawings. j
The tank is divided vertically into two parts, the part a, being the supply-chamber and the part a being the del'i 'very chamber of the tank.
a represents a partition which separates the parts of the tank, and 0. represents a valve to furnish communication between the parts, the operation of which will be more fully described hereinafter.
a represents a cord or chain attached to the valve a which is guided over the pulleys .tion.
a and a to any convenient place for operarepresents the supply-pipe to the tank, which is connected to the chamber at and enters the same at or near the bottom of said chamber.
b represents an inverted-'cup-shaped valve adapted to close the inlet or supply=pipe b when said valve is held against its seat on the end of the pipe b,which projects above the bottom of the tank. The valve 1) has an upwardly-proj ecting rod 1)", which is guided in its upper end in a suitable bracket b the Application filed February 2'7, 1889. Serial No. 301,302. (No model.)
justable weight 0 which is adjusted so as to against its seat than is exerted by the water in the pipe b.
the tank and causes the lever to turn on its fulcrum, exerting sufficient pressure on the valve 1) to close it when the water has reached f p i i the desired level in the tank.
Itwill be seen that as the valve a is opened i by pulling on thecordc the water in the chamber a, will flow into chamber a to a common level, thereby allowing the float c to drop and the pressure in the pipe I) to open -l I the valve b and the water to flow from said pipe into the tank, raising the level of the ribs 12 b on the end of i On the lever c is hung any suitable float c, which rises with the water in l and exerts sufficient forceon the valve 1) to close it. p v p It is obvious that the arm 0" of the lever c, with the weight 0 adjustable thereon, might be dispensed with andthe same effect produced on the valve 6 y by means of a suitable weightbeing placed on the rod 1) above the valve 1) without departing from the spiritof my invention, which is to produce a valve opening inwardly into the tank, Weighted so as to be held against its seat with a pressure a little less than the pressure in the supplypipe of the tank, and controlling the opening andclosing of such valve by means of a float connected to such valve, said float being controlled by the level of the water'in thetank,
and by so doing a very muchsmaller float'is needed than would be necessary if I were i too to dispense with the weight on such valve, and by making the weight adjustable on the arm of the lever-c, I am able to easily adjust i i 1i: whichever way the lever is swung. The le- 1 l ver a has an arm a projecting from it onthe.
same side of the fulcrum'c as the rodb" is connected, and on said arm is placed an ad a i exert a little less pressure onthe valve b water in the chamber at until the float c rises from the chamber a of the tank,
the valve to variations in the pressure in the supply-pipe b. When the level of the water in chamber a is lowered, the weight of the float 0 will help to open the valve 5'.
By having the valve 17 in the form of an inverted cup the water, when it enters the chamber a, will be deflected against the bottom of the tank and tend to clean the tank of any sediment that may have settled on the bottom of said chamber, and by having the supply-pipe enter the chamber at or near the bottom it will prevent all noise of the water entering the tank, which is an objection in tanks now in common use;
b represents a projection on the rod 1), serving as a stop against the bracket Z7 to limit the upward movement of the valve b; but I do not wish to confine myself to this construction for limiting the movement of the valve, as other well-known means may be employed to equal advantage. 7
By having the valve 19' opening inward into the tank and having such valve weighted any excess of pressure in the supply-pipe b, or other pipes connected therewith throughout the house, which would cause WtlZBlrhtIIk mer, will be relieved by the valve 5 opening. Any other shaped valve may be used in the place of the cup-shaped valve b; but I prefer to make it as shown in the drawings, for the purpose described. 7
01 represents the discharge or service pipe said pipe projecting into the bottom of said chamber and forming a seat for the cup-shaped valve d, which is guided in its up-and-down movement by means of the vertical ribs 6 cl on the end of the pipe d, or a coupling secured to the end of said pipe, as shown in Fig. 2.
d represents a vertical rod extending from the valve d and guided in its upper end in the bracket (1 (1 represents a float surrounding the rod d and loosely movable up and down on said rod, and d represents an adjustable collar or stop on said rod above said float to limit the upward movement of the float.
It will be seen that if the level of the water in the chamber a is raised it will raise the float d, and as said float rests against the under side of the collar (1 said float will raise the valve (1 and allow the water in the chamber a to be discharged through the discharge-pipe cl and flush the Water-closet or other receptacle to which said pipe d may be attached until it has lowered the float 01 and with it the valve 61, and the valve is seated on the end of the pipe d and closes such pipe. Should the valve 1) leak and thereby tend to overflow the chamber a, or should the, water in said chamber be raised from other cause, so as to tend to overflow the chamber, I provide the partition a" with a perforation a or a series of perforations a a a", the combined area of which greatly exceeds the area of the inlet-pipe b, so as to allow the water in the chamber a to overflow into the chamber a to raise the float d and the valve 01, and be discharged through the dischargepipe cl; Thus it will be seen that by my invention I am able to use one pipe as a discharge or service pipe and overflow-pipe combined.
a represents a valve or cook in the partition to below the level of the water in the chamber a, and by means of such valvel am able to draw the water from the inlet-pipe I) through the chambera into the chamber a, where it will be discharged through the discharge-pipe d, as described heretofore, and the amount of such discharge may be regulated by opening the valve a more or less, as required. V
By making a tank with my improvements I am able to use a much smaller tank, on account of being able to use a very small float on my supply-valve, as compared with the ball-cocks now in common use, and also on account of the water entering the tank under pressure more quickly than it discharges without pressure. 7
The operation of flushing the water-closet or other receptacle from my improved tank is as follows: The valve a is opened by the cord at, and as said valve is of a large area a sufficient quantity of the water in the chamber awill instantly pass through the opening in the valve (1 until the water in the chamber a reaches the level of the Water in the chamber a, and by so doing the level of the water in the chamber a will be lowered suffi= ciently to lower the float c and cause the valve Z) to open and admit water until the water in the chamber a has raised, and with it the float, causing the valve 1) to be closed, asheretofore described. The water in the chamber a, being raised above its normal level, will cause the valve d to be opened, as heretofore described, and discharge the water through the discharge-pipe d, and will continue so to do as long as the valve 0, is held open, as the water under full pressure in the pipe I) will enter the tank faster than the water will be discharged from the tank without pressure. After the valve a has been closed the water in the chamber a will continue to be discharged until it reaches its normal level and the valve (1 is closed.
It will be seen that by adjusting the collar 01 on the rod 61 any desired amount of flushing-water may be discharged after the valve a has been closed.
Having thus fully described the nature, cohstruction, and operation of my invention, I
wish to secure by Letters Patent, and claim- 1. The combination of the tank at, having the water-inlet pipe Z2 and water-outlet pipe 01-, the automat1cally-operated inlet-valve Z9 to the inlet-pipe, the automatically-operated valve cl to the outlet-pipe, the partition a", dividing the tank into twochambers between the inlet and outlet pipes, a valve a hinged to the partition, and a cord or chainn, connected with the partition-valve ant? disconnected from the outlet and inlet valves for operating said partition-valve independently of movement of the said outlet and inlet valves, substantially as described.
2. The combination, with the tank a, having the inlet and outlet pipes b d, and an automatically-operated outlet-valve for the outlet-pipe, of a cup-valve b for the inlet-pipe, having a vertical rigid rod b", the lever 40,- pivoted intermediate its ends in the tank and loosely attached by a joint to the upper end of and positively raising and lowering said rigid valve-rod, a float c on one end of the lever and a weight 0 on the'other end of the lever, a partition. 0.", dividing the tank into compartments, and avalve a hinged to said partition, and a cord w, for opening said valve against the pressure of the Water, substantially as shown and described.
3.- In a supplytank for water-closets or other receptacles, the chamber a, having the inlet-pipe b and valve I), held against its seat by means of the weight a float c and lever c", the chamber a, having the discharge-pipe d and valve d, operatedby the float 0F, and collar (i adjustable on rod 01, and the valve a operated bythe cord or chain a, all combined to operate substantially as set forth.
and described.
In testimony whereof I'have signed my name to this specification, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses, on this 23d day of February, D. 1889.
DARIUs WELLINGTO-INQ.
Witnesses HENRY CHADIBOURN, M. B. MCMANUS.
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3344439A (en) * 1965-07-12 1967-10-03 Evan D Davies Water saving device for water closets
US3431564A (en) * 1967-04-03 1969-03-11 Evan D Davies Water saving device for water closets
US4144600A (en) * 1977-12-19 1979-03-20 Robert Mayes Liquid volume control for a liquid storage tank
US4250579A (en) * 1978-05-30 1981-02-17 Moon Water Saver, Inc. Water saving panel device for water closets and method
US4304014A (en) * 1977-12-06 1981-12-08 United Packages Limited Variable volume flushing cistern

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3344439A (en) * 1965-07-12 1967-10-03 Evan D Davies Water saving device for water closets
US3431564A (en) * 1967-04-03 1969-03-11 Evan D Davies Water saving device for water closets
US4304014A (en) * 1977-12-06 1981-12-08 United Packages Limited Variable volume flushing cistern
US4144600A (en) * 1977-12-19 1979-03-20 Robert Mayes Liquid volume control for a liquid storage tank
US4250579A (en) * 1978-05-30 1981-02-17 Moon Water Saver, Inc. Water saving panel device for water closets and method

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