US406951A - Can-opener - Google Patents

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US406951A
US406951A US406951DA US406951A US 406951 A US406951 A US 406951A US 406951D A US406951D A US 406951DA US 406951 A US406951 A US 406951A
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Prior art keywords
barb
cover
head
packing
thin metal
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2251/00Details relating to container closures
    • B65D2251/0003Two or more closures
    • B65D2251/0006Upper closure
    • B65D2251/0018Upper closure of the 43-type

Description

(No Model.)
G. H. PERKINS.
GAN QPBNER.
No. 406,951. Patented July 16, 1889.
i INVENTOR: G., a auf@ gufn N, PETERS. Phmn-ulmgnphor, wuhinmn. 0.6.
lNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
GEORGE II. PERKINS, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.-
CAN-OPENER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 406,951, dated July 16, 1889.
Application tiled November l2, 1888. Serial No. 290,561. (No model.)
To all whom, it may concern:
Beit known that I, GEORGE II. PE1-nuns, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city and county of Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, have invented an Improvement in Sheet Metal Cans, of which the following is a specification.
I'Ieretofore, as is known, sheet metal cans, adapted, after being filled, to be hermetically sealed, have been, as to one of their heads or ends, made of metal of such slight thickness as to be readily cut through by the consumer in the act of opening. lleretofore also, this permanentlyapplied thin head of the can,has been protected by an exterior slip cover adapted to be removed to expose the thin metal before the latter is eut.
My invention relates to such thin-headed cans, and to their removable exterior covers,- and its object is to provide the removable cover with a permanent rigid inwardly and downwardly projecting barb or cutting point of the character hereinafter set forth, and also to provide a suitable protecting packing interposed between the cover and the thin top of the can.
In the drawings, Figure l. is a perspective view of a can and cover embodying my invention, the cover not being applied. Fig. 2 is a bottom plan view, Fig. 3 a front View, and Fig. el a side view, of a barb embodying my invention, and also of a part of the cover a member of which it is. Fig. 5 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view through the can, removable cover, and barb, in the position which the parts occupy when the barb has been forced through the thin metal of the head of the can and into position for making its circular cut, as hereinafter explained. Fig. (i is a similar view through the can, the cover and the barb, illustrative also of the ap plication of a separating or packing device for maintaining the barb normally clear of the thin metal top. Figs. 7 and S are views similar to Fig. f3, illustrating the application of a modified 'form of separating or packing device. Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional view of the cover, illustratin a modified form of the barb.
Similar letters of reference indicate correspon ding parts.
In the drawings, A represents a cylindrie sheet metal can of any preferred dimensions.
I3 isthe hermetically closed thin metal. head or end of the same; and (i a removable cover the depending flange of which is designated c.
D is a barb, blade, or cutter, preferably of substantially triangular outline as shown, which is preferably struck from the metal or substance of the head of the removable cover itself, and bent in at right angles tothe plane thereof to form a permanent inturned eutting projection. In order to impart to this barb the necessary additional stiffness, I prefer either to strike out upon it a vertical rib ruiming from its base to near its point; or else, with the same result, to make the barb slightly curved in cross section; and, in order to secure its more effectual cutting, I prefer to sharpen or dress off its edges as shown in Figs. 2 and 3, almost as far as its perforating point which it is desirable should not be dressed off.
Such a barb as the foregoing maybe formed in any such manneras convenience of manufacture may dictate, and it is obvious that a barb so formed of the substance of the lid will be both stron g and cheap. I prefer, however, to form the said barb by means of a die or dies of special construction invented by me and which I expect to protect by patent. As, inoreover, the dies for manufacturing the cover itself form ne part of this invention, I have not deemed it necessary to describe or illustrate them.
The barb itself is of course to be lformed at such radial distance from the centerof the cover as in practice is found desirable.
The removable cover provided with its barb is designed to be slipped over the chine of the thin end of the can. In order, therefore, to prevent the barb from piercingthe thin metal during transportation or before such piercii'lg is desired, I providea packing E between the thin metal end of the can and the lid. The packing may both as to `form and substance be of any preferred characterzA-'lhus in Ifig. o it is shown as a small ring of rubber, felt, wood, or any desired substance, which lies between the lid and the thin metal end of the can, surrounding -the barb; thus, again, in Fig. 7 itis shown as a ring of diameter equal to that of the can; while in Fig. 8 it Ais illustrated as a folded fabric or paper, which may advantageously be an advertising circular IOO LIL
relating to the contents of the can and the mode of its opening. Itis obvious that many devices in the form of a shield, sheath, or packing, would answer the purpose. It is also obvious that it Would be easy and perhaps advantageous to arrange a packing which would also serve to fill or protect the opening left by the formation of the barb.
In the practice of my invention it is preferable, in order to compensate for the vertical space filled by the barb and packing, to make the flange of the cover of greater' depth than in can lids of the ordinary kind.
In Fig. 9 is illustrated a modified form of my invention, in which the barb consists of a suitably shaped small piece of dat metal provided with a bent cutting` point, which piece is soldered or otherwise secured to the inner face of the head of the removable cover.
In the use of my device in thehands of' the consumer, the removable cover is first lifted off, the circular or packing then removed, and the cover then replaced and pressed down until its barb pierces the thin metal, after which the cover is rotated with the result that the barb makes a circular cut through the thin metal of the can head and thereby effects the opening of the can.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
l. In combination with a sheet.1netal can closed by a head of thin metal, an exterior removable cover from the substance of the head 0f Which a barb or cutter is struck and bent in, substantially as set forth.
2. In combination with a sheet metal can closed by a head of thin metal, an exterior removable cover the head of Which is provided With a fixed inwardly facing barb or cutter, and a packing interposed between the thin head of the can and the inner face ot' the head of the cover, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have hereunto signed my name this 10th day of November, A. D. 1888.
GEORGE Il. PERKINS.
In presence 0f- J. BoNsALL TAYLOR, F. NORMAN DIXON.
US406951D Can-opener Expired - Lifetime US406951A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2438299A (en) * 1946-07-01 1948-03-23 Relis Walter Infant's formula can and can opener and nipple attachment
US2596892A (en) * 1948-02-28 1952-05-13 Nicholas S Eckmayer Can opener
US2693685A (en) * 1950-10-30 1954-11-09 Richard M Stafford Sanitary drinking attachment for cans
US20050025400A1 (en) * 2003-07-31 2005-02-03 Quinn Chi Self-moving slide, mechanism for self-moving slide and method for self-moving a slide

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2438299A (en) * 1946-07-01 1948-03-23 Relis Walter Infant's formula can and can opener and nipple attachment
US2596892A (en) * 1948-02-28 1952-05-13 Nicholas S Eckmayer Can opener
US2693685A (en) * 1950-10-30 1954-11-09 Richard M Stafford Sanitary drinking attachment for cans
US20050025400A1 (en) * 2003-07-31 2005-02-03 Quinn Chi Self-moving slide, mechanism for self-moving slide and method for self-moving a slide

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