US400830A - George herbert condict and victor angerer - Google Patents

George herbert condict and victor angerer Download PDF

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US400830A
US400830A US400830DA US400830A US 400830 A US400830 A US 400830A US 400830D A US400830D A US 400830DA US 400830 A US400830 A US 400830A
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regulator
car
lever
barrel
operating
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS, BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H19/00Model railways
    • A63H19/02Locomotives; Motor coaches
    • A63H19/10Locomotives; Motor coaches electrically driven

Description

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

GEORGE HERBERT CONDIOT AND VICTOR ANGERER, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNORS TO THE ELEC RIC CAR COMPANY OF AMER- ICA, OF SAME PLACE.

ELECTRIC CAR.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 400,830, dated April 2, 1889. Application filed June 20, 1888, Serial No. 277,670. (No model.)

To cZZ whom it may concern: Another feature of the improvement is the Be itknown that we, GEORGE HERBERT CON- employment of a spring which acts directly D101 and VICTOR ANGEEER, both of the city or indirectly upon the regulator to make itand countyof Philadelphia, and State of Pennreduce or cut out the current passing to the D sylvania, have invented an Improvement in motor or motors, and which, when operating Electric Railways, of which the following isa in conjunction with a suitable locking despecification. vice for the operating lover or handle-such Our invention has reference to regulators as a lever detent and racl prevents the especially adapted to electric cars; and it switch accidentally standing at intermediate IO consists of certain improvements, all of which positions where the resistance would be reare fully set forth in the following specificaduced and danger of burning out exists. tion, and shown in the accompanying draw- Aside from these features, a spring or snap lugs, which form a part. thereof. lock maybe employed to insure the regulator In the operation of cars byelectricity it has moving precisely from one position to the 15 been customary to arrange upon one or both next, and so that it will not step out of proper ends of the car a regulator, so that the eurposition for any particular coupling up of cirrent flowing to the motor or motors may be cuits or changes of resistance, and thereby regulated and the car controlled from either conndensate for any loose play in the connecend, and whereby it may be run and contions with the operating-lever.

2o trolled in either direction. These regulators It is evident that this improvement maybe or switches are more or less expensive, and it used for controlling motors which are not on is desirable to make one suffice to each car. cars or movable vehicles, and that the details Our present invention comprehends such a may be modified in numerous ways without regulator arranged upon the under part of departing from ourinvention.

25 the car, or elsewhere, with connecting mech- The construction of regulator we prefer is anism extending to each end or platform of what is known as a barrel-switch, in which the car, and detachably supported at either a cylindrical contact maker or breaker is reend of the car is an operating lover or handle tated on a longitudinal axis, such as set out which when shifted from one end to the other in G. Herbert Ctmdicts application, Serial N0.

0 in reversing the travel of the carisautomatt 271,882, of April 26, 1888; but it is evident cally connected with the connecting mechthat the regulator may be made in a variety 8o anism for operating the regulator. By this of ways, according as to its duty. means the same handle may be shifted to In the drawings, Figure 1 is a plan view of either end, leaving the rear platform of the a car-body with our improvements attached 3 5 car free and unobstructed, and used to operthereto. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional ate the regulator from the end which is to be elevation of same on line 1 y. Fig. 3 is an the front for the direction of travel of the car. end elevation of the regulatorand with a per- In this way the rear or passenger platform tion of the cap broken away. Fig. l is a side becomes unobstructed, and there is nothing elevationoftheregulatorwithportionsbroken 0 within reach which might accidentally be away. Fig. 5 is a cross-section of Fi 2 on shifted to interfere with the proper operation line .11 a, and Fig. (i is a perspective view of 0 of the regulator from the other end. The one of the socket-plates. handle or lever for operating the regulatorin A represents the car-body, and I l are its producing a given movement of the said regtwo end platforms.

45 ulator is moved in opposite directions at each 0 0 represent two electric motors adapted end to suit the changed position of the operto propel the said car, and may be connected ator, and so that pulling the lever toward the to the axles in any suitable manner, as is well operator at either end will perform the same known in. this art. work, and vice versa. D is a regulator or switch for controlling the speed and power of the motors, and, as shown, controls the amount of current passing from the battery E, which may be of the secondary type. The current is fed from the battery to the regulator by wires 6 and from the regulator to the motors by the circuits 0.

The regulator D is preferably secured to the under part of the car-body, as shown in Fig. 2, and may have a door, 1), whereby its interior may be exposed for examination and repai r. The barrel of this. regulator or switch is provided on its ends with pinions (2, contained within dust-caps G. \Vorking in connection with these pinions are racks H, one of which is arranged below one pinion and the other of which is arranged upon the other pinion, so that pulling either one of the racks toward its respective platform will cause the barrel of the regulator to revolve in the same direction, for reasons hereinafter explained. The racks II have indentations or notches 7L, into which a pin, 1, is pressed by means of a spring, 1'. There are as many notches 71 as there are diiferent positions of the barrel for coupling up the motors in different ways-that is to say, in series or parallel or combinations of these. The function of the pin I is to insure the barrel being stopped at the right position. These racks H are connected with slides K under their respective platforms by means of rods J, and these slides K are guided upon guide-rods L, so as to move longitudinally on the car. A spring, M, acts upon one of the rods J and presses upon a stop, or, so as normally to return the barrel of the regulator to its off position, or that in which no current is flowing.

Arranged immediately above the slides K are socket-plates F in the platforms B B, which socket-plates have two sockets, f, for receiving the frame-work of the operatinglever.

P is the lever-frame, and has two feet, P, at the bottom and the rack p at the top, and pivoted to this frame is the operating-lever 0, having the detent o, and with its lower end extended through the socket-plate F and into a suitable hole, 7c, in the slide K. The frame P and the operating-lever are removable from the socket-plate on one platform and adapted to be inserted in the socket-plate on the other platform, so as to enable the car to be operated from either end and to enable the entire removal of all obstruct-ion from the rear or passenger platform.

It is evident that by operating the lever O in the same direction with respect to the movement of the carat either end thereof the exact same regulation will take place, and if from any cause the detent 0 is not brought home in its notch the spring M will instantly return the regulator to its next position in the direction toward cutting off the current. In this way it is impossible for the switch ,device to stand between two different connecing the battery or other source of current.

It is to be understood thatI do not limit myself to any particular detail of construction of the regulator or its connections, nor to the parts P and O,as they may be modified and varied without departing from the principles of the invention. The lever O and its detent and rack mechanism should be such that each notch of the rack p corresponds to a different position of the switch-barrel of the regulator to supply a different current to the motors, and the ratchet-teeth p are made so that the detent may snap back and catch on the tooth next in front.

Of course it will be understood that the particular source of electric current is immaterial, as it may be overhead, underground, or surface conductors in place of the secondary or primary battery shown, all of these means of electric supply being well known.

Having n ow described our invention, what we claim as new, an d desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. The combination of a car having a platform, an electric motor to propel the car, a current-regulator to control the current passing to the motor arranged under the body of the car, a positive mechanical device for operating said regulator and extending to the platform, an d an operating-lever and fulcrum detachably supported by said platform and having a positive detachable connection with the regulatoroperat-ing device, whereby the operating-lever may be readily removed without disturbing the other parts.

2. The combination of a car having a plat. form, an electric motor to propel the car, a current-regulator to control the current passing to the motor arranged under the body of the car, a positive mechanical device for operating said regulator and extending to the platform, an operating-lever detachably supported by said platform having a positive dctachable connection with the regulator-operating device, whereby the operatin g-lcver may be readily removed without disturbing the o her parts, and a spring independent of the lever to normally move the regulator to reduce or cut off the current.

3. The combination of a car having a platform, an electric motor to propel the car, a current-regulator to control the current passing to the motor arranged under the body of the car, a positive mechanical device for operating said regulator and extending to the platform, an operating-lever rack and detent detachably supported by said platform having a positive detachable connection with the regulator-operating device, whereby the operating-lever may be readily removed without disturbing the other parts, and a spring independent of the lever to no anally move the regulator to reduce or cut off the current.

4;. The combination of acar, an electric motor to propel said car, a rotary current-regulator under the car having a transverse axis, and a sliding mechanical mechanism extending to the front of the car and connecting with said regulator rotate it.

5. The combination of a car, an electric motor to propel said car, a rotary-barrel current-regulator under the car, a mechanical mechanism extending to the front of the ear to rotate said regulator, and a spring to oppose the rotation of the barrel in one direction and rotate the barrel in the opposite direction to reduce or shut off the current.

(3. The combination of a car, an electric motor to propel said car, a rotary-barrel currentregulator under the car, a mechanical mechanism extending to the front of the car to retate said regulator, a spring to oppose the retation of the barrel in one direction and rotate the barrel in the opposite direction to reduce or shut off the current, and a locking device to lock the barrel in two or more positions of rotation.

7, The combination, in an electrically-propolled car, of a regulator for the current flowing to the motor, a detachable hand-lever mechanism detachably supported upon the car-platform to move itin one direction, and a spring to move it in the opposite direction to reduce or cut off the current.

8. The combination of a regulator for the current flowing over an electric circuit, a detachable hand-lever mechanism to move it in one direction, aconneetion between the handlever and regulator, a spring acting on the connection and independent of the lever to move it in the opposite direction to operate the regulator to reduce or cut off the current, and a locking device to lock the lever of the regulator in two or more positions to vary the current passing to the circuit.

9. The combination of a car having a platform, an electric motor to propel the car, a current-regulator to control the current passing to the motor arranged under the body of the car, a positive mechanical device for operating said regulator and extending to the platform, an operating-lever detachably supported by said platform having a positive detachable connection with the regulator-operating device, whereby the operating-lever may be readily removed without disturbing the other parts, and a snap-lock between the movable part of the regulator and the frame supporting it to insure the movable part stopping positively at fixed places.

10. The combination of a car, an electric motor to propel said car, a rotary-barrel c.urrent-regulator under the car, a mechanical mechanism extending to the front of the car to rotate said regulator, a series of depressions in the regulator-barrel-operating mechanism, and a spring-lock to snap into said depressions to hold the barrel in given positions.

11. The combination of a car, an electric motor to propel said car, a rotary-barrel current-regulator under the car, a mechanical by a rack and pinion to mechanism extending to the front of the car to rotate said regulator, a spring to oppose the rotation of the barrel in one direction and retate the barrel in the opposite direction to reduce or shut off the current, a locking device to lock the barrel in two or more positions of rotation, a series of depressions in the regula-tor barrel operating mechanism, and a spring-lock to snap into said depressions to hold the barrel in given positions.

12. The combination of a barrel regulator or switch, a spur-wheel secured to the rotating barrel, a sliding rack meshing with said spur-wheel and moving transversely to the barrel, and a lever to move said rack.

13. The combination of a barrel. regulator or switch, a spur-wheel secured to the rotating ba-rrel,a sliding rack meshing with said spur-wheel and moving transversely to the barrel, a lever to move said rack, and a locking device to hold said rack and barrel in two or more positions.

14. The combination of a car having a platform at each end, an electric motor to propel the car, a regulator located under the car, a positive mechanical mechanism to operate the regulator extending to and below each platform of the car, and a detachable operatinghandle movable to or from each platform extending from above to below the platform and detaehably but positively eonneetible with the mechanism for operating the regulator at either end of the car.

15. The combination of a car havingaplatform at each end, a eurrent-regulator for the motor arranged on the car, a rod extending from said regulator to each end of the ear to a point below the platforms, an operating-dd ver-frame support arranged upon each platform, a lever-support detaehably conncctible to either platform, and an operating-lever carried by the frame and detachably connected with the rod over which it is placed.

16. The combination of a ct having a plat form at each end, a currentilator for the motor arranged on the car, a. in extending from said regulator to each end of the car to a point below the platforms, an operating lever-frame support arranged upon each platform, a lever-support for detachable connection to either platform, an operating-lever carried by the frame and detachably connected with the rod over which it is placed, and a spring acting upon said regulator to cause it to move in opposition to onemoven ient of the lever to move the regulator to reduce or cutoff the current to the motor.

In testimony of which invention we hereunto set our hands.

G. HERBERT (ONUIU VICTOR ANGERER.

Witnesses:

RICHD. Asi-inonsr, IERNEs'r llomxnn llUN'lEl-t.

US400830D George herbert condict and victor angerer Expired - Lifetime US400830A (en)

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