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Anti robbery protection equipment

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Publication number
US3924546A
US3924546A US39908373A US3924546A US 3924546 A US3924546 A US 3924546A US 39908373 A US39908373 A US 39908373A US 3924546 A US3924546 A US 3924546A
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Prior art keywords
bank
path
means
equipment
closure
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Expired - Lifetime
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Gisberto Pretini
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Gisberto Pretini
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05GSAFES OR STRONG-ROOMS FOR VALUABLES; BANK PROTECTION DEVICES; SAFETY TRANSACTION PARTITIONS
    • E05G5/00Bank protection devices
    • E05G5/003Entrance control
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F17/00Special devices for shifting a plurality of wings operated simultaneously
    • E05F2017/005Special devices for shifting a plurality of wings operated simultaneously for sliding wings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/116Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof for sluices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/132Doors

Abstract

The equipment is for use in a bank or like premises in which entry to the bank is constrained along a tortuous path by transparent partitions. Television cameras are provided to continuously monitor and record the entry of customers into the bank. Separate entry and exit paths are provided with swing doors which will open automatically in response to the approach of a person from one predetermined direction so as to impede a person trying to enter the bank by the exit path or trying to leave the bank by the entry path. In addition automatic sliding doors can be provided which will open only under the control of the bank staff.

Description

United States Patent etini Dec. 9, 1975 ANTI ROBBERY PROTECTION 2,004,551 6/1935 Coleman et al .1 109/3 EQUIPMENT 2,055,005 9/1936 Dietman 109/3 [76] Inventor: Gisberto Pretini, Via della Stazione FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 3, S. Frediano A Settimo, Pisa, Italy, 493,979 6/1953 Canada 109/3 l-56026 Primary ExaminerDennis L. Taylor [22] Flled' Sept 1973 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-McGlew and Tuttle [21] Appl. No.: 399,083

[57] ABSTRACT [30] Foreign Application Priority Data The equipment is for use in a bank or like premises in Sept. 30, 1972 Italy 9697/72 which entry to the bank is constrained along a torn ous path by transparent partitions. Television cameras 52 us. or 109/3- 109/20 x are Provided to continuously monitor and record the 51 1m. (:1. isoso 3/00 entry of Customers into the hahk- Separate entry and [58] Field of Search 109/2-9, 20; exit Paths are Provided with Swing doors which will 49 m 178/DIG 38 open automatically in response to the approach of a person from one predetermined direction so as to im- [56] References Cited pede a person trying to enter the bank by the exit path UNITED STATES PATENTS or trying to leave the bank by the entry path. In addition automatic sliding doors can be provided which 1 ifi g]? will open only under the control of the bank staff.

s a 1,851,355 3/1932 Goedecke 109/3 X 6 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures III-Tl ANTI ROBBERY PROTECTION EQUIPMENT BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to antirobbery protection equipment for use in banks and like premises.

2. Description of the Prior Art Hitherto there have been three main methods used by bank robbers to raid banks.

i. Jumping over the counter to invade the space reserved for employees and to personally collect the money from the safe;

ii. Forcing the cashier to deliver the money by threatening him with weapons; and

iii. Forcibly entering the staff offices and subsequently passing to space behind the counter to collect the money.

The first two modes of operation can be thwarted by providing bullet proof partitioning between the top of the counter and the ceiling. To counter the third mode of operation security locks are provided on the doors leading to the staff offices, and their opening is controlled by the employees or by the managing staff of the bank upon identification of the person who desires to meet the bank Director.

Recently, however, a particular attack technique has been used. Robbers enter the bank in the normal way and take a customer, who is in the bank at that time, as

a hostage. The robbersthen threaten to kill the hostage SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION According to the present invention there is provided, in a bank having an area accessible to the public, antirobbery protection equipment comprising first partition means defining a first path providing access to the public area, second partition means defining a second path providing egress from the public area, said first and second partition means being at least partially transparent to allow the passage of persons along said paths to be observed through the partition means, closure means located at least at opposite ends of each path to define an area in each path which can be closed and means for automatically operating each closure means in response to the approach of a person to the closure means to allow persons to pass along the first and second paths through the closure means only in the intended direction.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Antirobbery protection equipments embodying the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic drawing in which:

FIG. 1 is a plan view of one of the equipments installed in a bank;

FIG. 2 is a plan view of another of the equipments also installed in a bank.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Each of the equipments has partitioning providing two distinct passages or paths 31,33 and 35,37 (FIG. 1) and 131,133 and 135,137 (FIG. 2), one allowing access by the public into the space in front of the counter 14, and the other allowing the public to leave the bank.

In the tortuous entry path of the two equipments there are respectively provided sliding doors 40,42,44 and 140,142,144 and in the exit path of the two equipments there are respectively provided sliding doors 46,48,50 and 146,148,150. In addition to the sliding doors there are provided pairs of swing doors 52,54 and 152,154, 56,58 and 156,158 which are controlled by photocells, that sense the approach of persons from one direction only and cause the doors to open automatically. Thus it is impossible for a person to pass along the paths in the wrong direction.

Each of the equipments includes a television camera recording center 60 and for recording the passage of persons along the paths. Each center incorporates video recording equipment and preferably controls a plurality of television cameras 17 which monitor both the entry and exit passages.

The partitions defining the paths are preferably of transparent and bullet-proof material such as toughened glass. The partitions need not be totally transparent but should be in portions so that it should be possible for the counter clerks at the bank to observe persons passing along the paths.

The opening and closing of the sliding doors is preferably controlled by the bank employees. Preferably the doors have a locking mechanism which is also controlled by the employees. The closing and opening of each sliding door is performed by a pneumatically operating device, having a piston arrangement such that when the door is opened there is sufficient reserve compression to automatically close the door again in the event that there is an electric power breakdown or interruption (which may have purposely been arranged by the robbers). Advantageously, also the outer wall of the bank incorporates a transparent glass partition, which enables the public outside the bank to see what is happening inside the bank. Other non-transparent but movable panels can be provided to provide areas of privacy in the bank rooms when required. These panels are slidable in the vertical direction and are controlled by any well known apparatus.

Also the walls of the inner rooms of the bank can be total or partially of glass so as to enable the tortuous paths, which must be transversed by customers entering the bank, to be visible by bank staff in those rooms.

The tortuous paths and the doors therein must, however, be so arranged that they do not obstruct the field of vision of the television cameras 17 to avoid the creation of a blind spot. Two or more television cameras may be arranged to view one and the same zone from two different, for example opposite, directions. Each television camera 17 will remain active for the duration that the bank remains open to the public. The area monitored by each camera is recorded on video tape. Alternatively or additionally the pictures scanned by the television cameras can be transmitted to a remote viewing and/or recording center. A recording may be periodically cancelled.

The television cameras can be suitably camouflaged and protected from damage by fire-arms.

In this way, both the dissuasive power and the defence power of the protection equipment will be enhanced. Because of the nature of the protective equipment potential robbers can no longer rely on the possibility of getting a hostage from among the customers in the bank, nor can they be sure of a quick and speedy get away. The customers, at the first hint of an attempt of robbery (which may be signalled by a member of the staff or directly observed by themselves) can take refuge in the exit path. Once inside the exit path the customers can close and lock the pneumatic door 46 or 146, by a control device located in the exit path and so lock themselves away from the robbers.

The equipment can include means for dispensing a hypnotic or anesthetising gas into either the entry or the exit path to disable the robbers should they become trapped in the paths.

The dissuasive power of the protection equipment is based on the following criteria:

a. the fear or rather the certainty that the robbers will be promptly identified, even if they wear masks;

b. the knowledge that the video tapes which have recorded their actions will prove to be irrefutable evidence of their complicity in the robbery;

c. the certainty of also being seen from the outside of the bank, during the act of robbery;

d. the evident major impediments created by the tortuous entry and exit paths for a prompt and fast escape;

e. the danger of being locked up in the exit path by the closing of the sliding doors, while they are making their get away along the exit path;

f. the knowledge that the tortuous passages may be at any moment saturated by a hypnotic or other disabling gas; and

g. especially if both entry and exit to the bank is only via two tortuous paths the uncertainty of being able to take a hostage to aid their escape.

The dissuasive power of the equipment is related to the length and number of turnings in the tortuous path. The longer and more tortuous the path the greater is the dissuasive power. Where the path extends in a direction not parallel to the road front, the spontaneous controls of the bank staff are not affected by the outside transit which is otherwise visible.

As to the defence power of the equipment that is, the possibility of preventing a robbery taking place this has been discussed under items (e) and (f) above.

The equipment does not require a high installation cost. The cost which is relatively low is capable of being recouped in a short time, by virtue of the smaller insurance premiums which will subsequently be required, and by the elimination of the cost of a constant surveillence of the bank. The bullet-proof screens are already commonly used in most banks and the cost of a closed circuit television system is not prohibitive. The video tape employed in the system can be erased and used over and over again. The construction of the partitions in an existing bank can be achieved by using simple modular prefabricated transparent panels which stretch from the floor to the. ceiling and have standarised dimensions. Such panels should preferably be arranged to contain inspection (telecameras) and control equipment for the doors, as well as electric and pneumatic lines.

It will be appreciated that the tortuous entry and exit paths will not interfer with the contacts between employees and customers. In addition there may be other protection and accident precaution systems in the room 12-16 and on the counter 14.

To increase the possibilities offered by the equipment an additional television camera can be arranged to monitor the street immediately outside the bank to enable an early warning of an impending robbery to be obtained.

Many modifications can be made to the invention without departing from the spirit and scope'of the invention.

I claim:

1. In a bank having an area accessible to the public, anti robbery protection equipment comprising, in combination, first partition means defining a first path providing only access to said public area; second partition means defining a second path providing only egress from said public area; said first and second partition means being at least partially transparent to allow the passage of persons along said path to be observed through said partition means; and closure means located at least at opposite ends of each path to define an area in each path which can be closed at both ends; the closure means in said access path being openable automatically responsive to approach of a person in the access direction and blocking movement in the egress direction, and the closure means in said egress path being openable automatically responsive to approach of a person in the egress direction and blocking movement in the access direction.

2. Equipment according to claim 1, including respective electric eye means on the approach side of each closure means and operable responsive to approach of a person in the proper direction toward the associated closure means to open the respective closure means.

3. Equipment according to claim 1, including respective television cameras monitoring the passage of persons along said first and second paths; and a television camera recording center connected to said television cameras.

4. Equipment according to claim 1 wherein each closure means comprises an electrically controlled sliding door.

Claims (6)

1. In a bank having an area accessible to the public, anti robbery protection equipment comprising, in combination, first partition means defining a first path providing only access to said public area; second partition means defining a second path providing only egress from said public area; said first and second partition means being at least partially transparent to allow the passage of persons along said path to be observed through said partition means; and closure means located at least at opposite ends of each path to define an area in each path which can be closed at both ends; the clOsure means in said access path being openable automatically responsive to approach of a person in the access direction and blocking movement in the egress direction, and the closure means in said egress path being openable automatically responsive to approach of a person in the egress direction and blocking movement in the access direction.
2. Equipment according to claim 1, including respective electric eye means on the approach side of each closure means and operable responsive to approach of a person in the proper direction toward the associated closure means to open the respective closure means.
3. Equipment according to claim 1, including respective television cameras monitoring the passage of persons along said first and second paths; and a television camera recording center connected to said television cameras.
4. Equipment according to claim 1 wherein each closure means comprises an electrically controlled sliding door.
5. Equipment according to claim 1 including means operable to dispense a disabling gas into those areas in each path which can be closed off.
6. Equipment according to claim 5 wherein each closure means comprises an electrically controlled pair of cooperating swing doors.
US3924546A 1972-09-30 1973-09-20 Anti robbery protection equipment Expired - Lifetime US3924546A (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4063519A (en) * 1974-10-25 1977-12-20 Gisberto Pretini Anti-robbery and anti-hostage equipment provided with a one-way rotating door for banks and the like
US4122783A (en) * 1976-01-30 1978-10-31 Gisberto Pretini Apparatus for protecting a room against penetration thereinto of armed persons
FR2409364A1 (en) * 1977-11-22 1979-06-15 Hache Claude Remote-controlled capsule regulating access to bank - has two doors of which one opens if entrant satisfies automatic checking procedure
FR2451990A1 (en) * 1979-03-23 1980-10-17 Camerlo Jean Pierre Self-locking security door for bank - has opening handle on inside only and has lock controlled by release logic
EP0051048A2 (en) * 1980-10-24 1982-05-05 Gisberto Pretini Automated banking systems
US5039981A (en) * 1989-10-11 1991-08-13 Rodriguez Joe S Electromagnetic security detectors
US5692446A (en) * 1993-02-27 1997-12-02 Industrieanlagen-Betriebsgesellschaft Mbh Method and arrangement of equipment for the protection of buildings and people from acts of violence
US5694867A (en) * 1994-06-08 1997-12-09 Diaz-Lopez; William Fail-safe access control chamber security system
US5992094A (en) * 1997-02-11 1999-11-30 Diaz; William Access control vestibule
US6243036B1 (en) 1999-05-25 2001-06-05 Macaleese Companies, Inc. Signal processing for object detection system
US6359582B1 (en) 1996-09-18 2002-03-19 The Macaleese Companies, Inc. Concealed weapons detection system
US6856271B1 (en) 1999-05-25 2005-02-15 Safe Zone Systems, Inc. Signal processing for object detection system
US20050099330A1 (en) * 1999-05-25 2005-05-12 Safe Zone Systems, Inc. Object detection method and apparatus
US20070052576A1 (en) * 1999-05-25 2007-03-08 The Macaleese Companies, Inc. D/B/A Safe Zone Systems Object detection method and apparatus
US20080284636A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2008-11-20 The Macaleese Companies, Inc. D/B/A Safe Zone Systems Object detection method and apparatus
US20150218874A1 (en) * 2008-07-18 2015-08-06 Robert Osann, Jr. High traffic flow robotic portal for secure access

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US421484A (en) * 1890-02-18 Camera and electrical flash-light attachment
US1768092A (en) * 1929-01-21 1930-06-24 Alstadt Henry Lee Bank-protecting device
US1851355A (en) * 1931-01-16 1932-03-29 August H Goedecke Electric doorlock
US2004551A (en) * 1932-02-23 1935-06-11 Walker B Coleman Bank bandit trap
US2055005A (en) * 1934-04-24 1936-09-22 Fred W Dietman Bank protective apparatus

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US421484A (en) * 1890-02-18 Camera and electrical flash-light attachment
US1768092A (en) * 1929-01-21 1930-06-24 Alstadt Henry Lee Bank-protecting device
US1851355A (en) * 1931-01-16 1932-03-29 August H Goedecke Electric doorlock
US2004551A (en) * 1932-02-23 1935-06-11 Walker B Coleman Bank bandit trap
US2055005A (en) * 1934-04-24 1936-09-22 Fred W Dietman Bank protective apparatus

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4063519A (en) * 1974-10-25 1977-12-20 Gisberto Pretini Anti-robbery and anti-hostage equipment provided with a one-way rotating door for banks and the like
US4122783A (en) * 1976-01-30 1978-10-31 Gisberto Pretini Apparatus for protecting a room against penetration thereinto of armed persons
FR2409364A1 (en) * 1977-11-22 1979-06-15 Hache Claude Remote-controlled capsule regulating access to bank - has two doors of which one opens if entrant satisfies automatic checking procedure
FR2451990A1 (en) * 1979-03-23 1980-10-17 Camerlo Jean Pierre Self-locking security door for bank - has opening handle on inside only and has lock controlled by release logic
EP0051048A2 (en) * 1980-10-24 1982-05-05 Gisberto Pretini Automated banking systems
EP0051048A3 (en) * 1980-10-24 1982-10-27 Gisberto Pretini Automated banking systems
US5039981A (en) * 1989-10-11 1991-08-13 Rodriguez Joe S Electromagnetic security detectors
US5692446A (en) * 1993-02-27 1997-12-02 Industrieanlagen-Betriebsgesellschaft Mbh Method and arrangement of equipment for the protection of buildings and people from acts of violence
US5694867A (en) * 1994-06-08 1997-12-09 Diaz-Lopez; William Fail-safe access control chamber security system
US6359582B1 (en) 1996-09-18 2002-03-19 The Macaleese Companies, Inc. Concealed weapons detection system
US5992094A (en) * 1997-02-11 1999-11-30 Diaz; William Access control vestibule
US6298603B1 (en) 1997-02-11 2001-10-09 William Diaz Access control vestibule
US6342696B1 (en) 1999-05-25 2002-01-29 The Macaleese Companies, Inc. Object detection method and apparatus employing polarized radiation
US6243036B1 (en) 1999-05-25 2001-06-05 Macaleese Companies, Inc. Signal processing for object detection system
US20030034444A1 (en) * 1999-05-25 2003-02-20 Chadwick George G. Signal processing for object detection system
US6825456B2 (en) 1999-05-25 2004-11-30 Safe Zone Systems, Inc. Signal processing for object detection system
US6856271B1 (en) 1999-05-25 2005-02-15 Safe Zone Systems, Inc. Signal processing for object detection system
US20050099330A1 (en) * 1999-05-25 2005-05-12 Safe Zone Systems, Inc. Object detection method and apparatus
US7167123B2 (en) 1999-05-25 2007-01-23 Safe Zone Systems, Inc. Object detection method and apparatus
US20070052576A1 (en) * 1999-05-25 2007-03-08 The Macaleese Companies, Inc. D/B/A Safe Zone Systems Object detection method and apparatus
US7450052B2 (en) 1999-05-25 2008-11-11 The Macaleese Companies, Inc. Object detection method and apparatus
US20080284636A1 (en) * 2007-03-07 2008-11-20 The Macaleese Companies, Inc. D/B/A Safe Zone Systems Object detection method and apparatus
US20150218874A1 (en) * 2008-07-18 2015-08-06 Robert Osann, Jr. High traffic flow robotic portal for secure access
US9644417B2 (en) * 2008-07-18 2017-05-09 Robert Osann, Jr. High traffic flow robotic portal for secure access

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