US3923241A - Decanting centrifuge - Google Patents

Decanting centrifuge Download PDF

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Publication number
US3923241A
US3923241A US48949074A US3923241A US 3923241 A US3923241 A US 3923241A US 48949074 A US48949074 A US 48949074A US 3923241 A US3923241 A US 3923241A
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Prior art keywords
drum
hydraulic motor
casing
worm
motor
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Ivan Jaroslav Cyphelly
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GLYCO-ANTRIEBSTECHNIK GmbH
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Cyphelly Ivan J
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04BCENTRIFUGES
    • B04B9/00Drives specially designed for centrifuges; Arrangement or disposition of transmission gearing; Suspending or balancing rotary bowls
    • B04B9/06Fluid drive
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04BCENTRIFUGES
    • B04B1/00Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles
    • B04B1/20Centrifuges with rotary bowls provided with solid jackets for separating predominantly liquid mixtures with or without solid particles discharging solid particles from the bowl by a conveying screw coaxial with the bowl axis and rotating relatively to the bowl
    • B04B1/2016Driving control or mechanisms; Arrangement of transmission gearing

Abstract

In a decanting centrifuge a drum is rotatably mounted in a fixed casing and a worm is rotatably mounted in the drum. The drum is driven by a main motor and a hydraulic motor is arranged between the drum and the worm to provide a differential speed. The hydraulic motor includes a casing rigidly connected to the drum and a shaft rigidly connected to the worm. Further, the main motor can also be a hydraulic motor arranged to receive the hydraulic medium from the same source as the other hydraulic motor with the flow of the hydraulic medium being controlled by a regulating valve.

Description

United States Patent [191 Cyphelly Dec. 2, 1975 DECANTING CENTRIFUGE [76] Inventor: Ivan Jaroslav Cyphelly, Forchstrasse Pnmary q Knzmamch 9687 Hinteregg Switzerland, 8128 Attorney, Agent, or FtrmToren, McGeady and Stanger [22] Filed: July 18, 1974 [21] Appl. N0.: 489,490 [57] ABSTRACT In a decanting centrifuge a drum is rotatably mounted [30] Foreign Application Priority Data in a fixed casing and a worm is rotatably mounted in Jul 21 1973 Switzerland l0690/73 the drum. The drum is driven by a main motor and a y hydraulic motor is arranged between the drum and the 3 worm to provide a differential speed. The hydraulic motor includes a casing rigidly connected to the drum [58] Fie'ld 233/] R 7 23 R and a shaft rigidly connected to the worm. Further,

27 2 5 the main motor can also be a hydraulic motor arranged to receive the hydraulic medium from the same source as the other hydraulic motor with the [56] References cued flow of the hydraulic medium being controlled by a UNITED STATES PATENTS regulating vulva 3,126,337 3/1964 Smith 233 7 x 3,734,399 5/1973 Oas 233/7 6 Clam, 1 Drawmg DECANTING CENTRIFUGE SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is directed to a decanting centrifuge including a drum driven by a main motor and a worm rotatably mounted within the drum, more particularly, it concerns the arrangement of a hydraulic motor between the drum and the worm for providing differential speed between the drum and the worm.

As is known, a decanting centrifuge consists of a drum and a worm coaxially mounted in the drum and with both the drum and worm mounted for rotation.

Inlet and outlet openings are provided in the centrifuge for the material being processed. The device includes a drive member to provide a relatively high speed and to insure a speed differential between the drum and the worm so that the worm can move dry, heavy material out of the drum. In known decanting centrifuges the low differential speed is provided by a planetary or hobbing gear, but in such an arrangement the differential speed is rigidly coupled to the driving speed. Frequently, however, it is required that the differential speed be adjusted independently of the driving speed, especially when the material to be separated in clarification plants is irregular in its consistency.

Therefore, it is the primary object of the present invention to provide a decanting centrifuge in which the differential drive is freely adjustable independently of the driving speed of the drum. The present invention is based on the finding that the required high torques should be limited to the differential drive member and,

' therefore, should not load the main drive.

In accordance with the present invention, the decanting centrifuge produces the differential speed by the arrangement of a hydraulic motor between the drum and the worm with the hydraulic motor having a casing rigidly connected with the drum and having its shaft rigidly connected with the worm and, further, a rotary transmission arrangement is provided for supplying the hydraulic medium to the hydraulic motor.

The various features of novelty which characterize the invention are pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this disclosure. For a better understanding of the invention, its operating advantages and specific objects attained by its use, reference should be had to the accompanying drawings and descriptive matter in which there is illustrated and described a preferred embodiment of the invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The drawing is a view partly in section of a decanting centrifuge embodying the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION In the drawing a decanting centrifuge is illustrated consisting of a fixed machine casing l in which a drum 2 is rotatably mounted at one end by a bearing 3 located in the casing and at its other end by a casing support 4 of a cumulative compound hydromotor 5 which is connected to the drum. A worm 6 is coaxially mounted in the drum and is supported at one end by a bearing 7 positioned in the drum and at its other end by the shaft bearing of the hydromotor 5 whose shaft is connected to the wonn. The drum is driven through the casing S of the cumulative compound hydromotor 5 by a shaft 8 of a main driving motor 9 which is also mediate the pump 11 and the transmissions 13, the supply line 12 branches off for supplying the hydraulic medium to the main driving motor 9. The flow through the branch line is controlled by a regulating valve 14. A return line 15 conducts the return flow of the hydraulic medium from the cumulative compound motor 5 and the main driving motor 9 to the pump 11.

It is also possible to supply the two motors each from a separate pump. Only a balanced slow-moving motor can be used as the cumulative compound hydromotor 5, since it rotates as a whole at a high-driving speed.

As a rotary transmission a hydrostatic shaft transfer seal of the type disclosed in US. Pat. No. 3,685,842 or 3,767,213 could be used advantageously.

As referred to in the description, the hydromotor is a fluid drive motor, specifically a hydrostatic motor, that is, where the driving means is a static pressurized fluid. Such motor is also designated as a positive displacement motor.

I claim:

I. A decanting centrifuge for separating solids and liquids from a mixture comprising a drum supported for rotation about an axis, a worm mounted within said drum for roation about said axis, a main drive motor coupled to said drum means for driving said drum at a first rotational speed, and drive means for driving said worm at a second speed different from said first speed, said drive means comprising a hydraulic motor mounted coaxially with said drum and said worm, said hydraulic motor being connected to said main drive motor and rotated thereby and coupling said main drive motor to said drum, said hydraulic motor having a casing rigidly connected to said drum and a shaft rigidly connected to said worm so that said hydraulic motor casing rotates at the same speed as said drum and said wonn rotates at a speed different from the speed of said drum by the speed differential between said casing and said shaft, and rotary transmission means engaging said casing for supplying a hydraulic drive medium to said hydraulic motor.

2. A decanting centrifuge, as set forth in claim 1, including a fixed machine casing enclosing said drum, and said rotary transmission means comprises a hydrostatic transfer seal disposed between said hydraulic motor casing and said fixed machine casing.

3. A decanting centrifuge, as set forth in claim 1, wherein said rotary transmission means comprises an adjustable displacement pump for supplying said hydraulic motor with a hydraulic drive medium.

4. A decanting centrifuge, as set forth in claim 3, wherein said rotary transmission means comprises means mounted about said hydraulic motor that drives said hydraulic motor in response to the drive medium, a hydraulic medium supply pipe connecting said pump with said means mounted about said hydraulic motor, a branch line connecting said supply pipe with said main motor, and a flow regulating valve mounted in said branch line.

3 ,923 ,24 1 3 4 5. A decanting centrifuge, as set forth in claim 2, 6. A decanting centrifuge, as set forth in claim 5, wherein Said fixed machine Casing Comprises first wherein said drum comprises a bearing in said drum at means for rotatably Supporting one end of Said drum said one end for rotatably supporting said worm at one and said h draulic motor casin com rises second means for ritatably Supporting end of Said 5 end, and said hydrauhc motor shaft rotatably supports drum, said hydraulic motor casing being supported in Said Worm at the other said fixed machine casing.

Claims (6)

1. A decanting centrifuge for separating solids and liquids from a mixture comprising a drum supported for rotation about an axis, a worm mounted within said drum for roation about said axis, a main drive motor coupled to said drum means for driving said drum at a first rotational speed, and drive means for driving said worm at a second speed different from said first speed, said drive means comprising a hydraulic motor mounted coaxially with said drum and said worm, said hydraulic motor being connected to said main drive motor and rotated thereby and coupling said main drive motor to said drum, said hydraulic motor having a casing rigidly connected to said drum and a shaft rigidly connected to said worm so that said hydraulic motor casing rotates at the same speed as said drum and said worm rotates at a speed different from the speed of said drum by the speed differential between said casing and said shaft, and rotary transmission means engaging said casing for supplying a hydraulic drive medium to said hydraulic motor.
2. A decanting centrifuge, as set forth in claim 1, including a fixed machine casing enclosing said drum, and said rotary transmission means comprises a hydrostatic transfer seal disposed between said hydraulic motor casing and said fixed machine casing.
3. A decanting centrifuge, as set forth in claim 1, wherein said rotary transmission means comprises an adjustable displacement pump for supplying said hydraulic motor with a hydraulic drive medium.
4. A decanting centrifuge, as set forth in claim 3, wherein said rotary transmission means comprises means mounted about said hydraulic motor that drives said hydraulic motor in response to the drive medium, a hydraulic medium supply pipe connecting said pump with said means mounted about said hydraulic motor, a branch line connecting said supply pipe with said main motor, and a flow regulating valve mounted in said branch line.
5. A decanting centrifuge, as set forth in claim 2, wherein said fixed machine casing comprises first means for rotatably supporting one end of said drum, and said hydraulic motor casing comprises second means for rotatably supporting the other end of said drum, said hydraulic motor casing being supported in said fixed machine casing.
6. A decanting centrifuge, as set forth in claim 5, whereiN said drum comprises a bearing in said drum at said one end for rotatably supporting said worm at one end, and said hydraulic motor shaft rotatably supports said worm at the other end.
US3923241A 1973-07-21 1974-07-18 Decanting centrifuge Expired - Lifetime US3923241A (en)

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CH1069073 1973-07-21

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DE (2) DE2432284A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2237682B1 (en)

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4073431A (en) * 1975-11-18 1978-02-14 Flottweg-Werk Dr. Georg Bruckmayer Gmbh & Co. Kg Solid jacket worm centrifuge with rpm differential variable coupling between jacket part and worm part
US4085888A (en) * 1975-11-18 1978-04-25 Flottweg-Werk Dr. Georg Bruckmayer Gmbh & Co. Kg Process and apparatus for the treatment of suspensions
US4113171A (en) * 1976-04-14 1978-09-12 Cyphelly Ivan J Valve arrangement for limiting torque of a hydraulic motor of a centrifuge
US4120447A (en) * 1975-10-23 1978-10-17 Flottweg-Werk Dr. Georg Bruckmayer Gmbh & Co. Kg Pressure-tight solid bowl screw centrifuge
US4129249A (en) * 1977-08-17 1978-12-12 Baker Perkins Inc. Centrifuge for separating solids and liquids
US4141488A (en) * 1977-08-18 1979-02-27 Koninklijke Nederlandse Papierfabrieken N.W. Centrifuge
US4228949A (en) * 1977-10-04 1980-10-21 Thomas Broadbent & Sons Limited Solid bowl scroll discharge decanter centrifuges
US4298162A (en) * 1979-02-23 1981-11-03 Alfa-Laval Separation A/S Decanter centrifuge
US4303192A (en) * 1979-07-05 1981-12-01 Hide Katsume Full jacket-worm centrifuge
US4305546A (en) * 1980-07-01 1981-12-15 Beckman Instruments, Inc. Large diameter air driven centrifuge rotor
US4411646A (en) * 1980-05-16 1983-10-25 Cyphelly Ivan J Decanter centrifuge having differential drive unit
US5342279A (en) * 1992-08-18 1994-08-30 Alfa Laval Separation Inc. Decanter centrifuge having dual motor drive
US5344570A (en) * 1993-01-14 1994-09-06 James E. McLachlan Method and apparatus for removing solids from a liquid
US6387032B1 (en) * 1998-02-17 2002-05-14 Westfalia Separator Ag Screw-type solid bowl centrifuge with multistage planetary gear train
US6589154B2 (en) 2001-05-30 2003-07-08 Alfa Laval Inc. Decanter centrifuge with a gear box mounted on the bowl
US20040138040A1 (en) * 2003-01-15 2004-07-15 Hensley Gary L. Decanter centrifuge control
US20040232791A1 (en) * 2003-05-19 2004-11-25 Luc Gilbert System for driving a rotatable machine
US20070203009A1 (en) * 2003-04-22 2007-08-30 Cunningham Sinclair U Centrifuge Comprising Hydraulic Differential Speed Determination
US20110034313A1 (en) * 2009-08-06 2011-02-10 Andritz Separation Inc. Centrifuge with hydraulic drive unit
CN102814244A (en) * 2012-07-31 2012-12-12 天圣环保工程(成都)有限公司 Full hydraulic drive differential horizontal screw centrifuge
US8808154B2 (en) * 2010-09-13 2014-08-19 Hiller Gmbh Drive apparatus in a scroll centrifuge having a gearbox with a housing nonrotatably connected to a drive shaft
CN104084317A (en) * 2013-08-15 2014-10-08 飞翼股份有限公司 Special solid-liquid separator for underground coal mine
CN106369013A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-02-01 上海市离心机械研究所有限公司 Dynamic testing device for hydraulic motor of horizontal spiral centrifuge and using method thereof

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2525280C2 (en) * 1975-06-06 1983-06-23 Flottweg-Werk Dr. Georg Bruckmayer Gmbh & Co. Kg, 8313 Vilsbiburg, De
CA1114343A (en) * 1978-10-23 1981-12-15 Henry J. Ephithite Centrifuge
DE3005658A1 (en) * 1980-02-15 1981-10-01 Kloeckner Humboldt Deutz Ag A method and system for controlling the differential speed of two different speed rotating components, in particular of the centrifuge drum and a helical conveyor centrifuge foerderschnecke
JPH0360751A (en) * 1989-07-21 1991-03-15 Elatronic Ag Drive machine for decanting centrifuge
FR2897278B1 (en) * 2006-02-10 2009-03-06 Oilsep Services France Sarl Method and device for processing a "slurry" catalytic cracker for the improvement of its recovery

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3126337A (en) * 1964-03-24 System for separating and classifying solids
US3734399A (en) * 1971-05-28 1973-05-22 Beloit Corp Differential scroll drive

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3126337A (en) * 1964-03-24 System for separating and classifying solids
US3734399A (en) * 1971-05-28 1973-05-22 Beloit Corp Differential scroll drive

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4120447A (en) * 1975-10-23 1978-10-17 Flottweg-Werk Dr. Georg Bruckmayer Gmbh & Co. Kg Pressure-tight solid bowl screw centrifuge
US4085888A (en) * 1975-11-18 1978-04-25 Flottweg-Werk Dr. Georg Bruckmayer Gmbh & Co. Kg Process and apparatus for the treatment of suspensions
US4073431A (en) * 1975-11-18 1978-02-14 Flottweg-Werk Dr. Georg Bruckmayer Gmbh & Co. Kg Solid jacket worm centrifuge with rpm differential variable coupling between jacket part and worm part
US4113171A (en) * 1976-04-14 1978-09-12 Cyphelly Ivan J Valve arrangement for limiting torque of a hydraulic motor of a centrifuge
US4129249A (en) * 1977-08-17 1978-12-12 Baker Perkins Inc. Centrifuge for separating solids and liquids
US4141488A (en) * 1977-08-18 1979-02-27 Koninklijke Nederlandse Papierfabrieken N.W. Centrifuge
US4228949A (en) * 1977-10-04 1980-10-21 Thomas Broadbent & Sons Limited Solid bowl scroll discharge decanter centrifuges
DK153058B (en) * 1979-02-23 1988-06-13 Alfa Laval Separation As Decantercentrifuge with a mechanical reduction gear between the centrifuge drum and the screw conveyor
US4298162A (en) * 1979-02-23 1981-11-03 Alfa-Laval Separation A/S Decanter centrifuge
US4303192A (en) * 1979-07-05 1981-12-01 Hide Katsume Full jacket-worm centrifuge
US4411646A (en) * 1980-05-16 1983-10-25 Cyphelly Ivan J Decanter centrifuge having differential drive unit
US4305546A (en) * 1980-07-01 1981-12-15 Beckman Instruments, Inc. Large diameter air driven centrifuge rotor
US5342279A (en) * 1992-08-18 1994-08-30 Alfa Laval Separation Inc. Decanter centrifuge having dual motor drive
US5344570A (en) * 1993-01-14 1994-09-06 James E. McLachlan Method and apparatus for removing solids from a liquid
US5494584A (en) * 1993-01-14 1996-02-27 James E. McLachlan Method and apparatus for controlling a pump upstream of a centrifuge
US6387032B1 (en) * 1998-02-17 2002-05-14 Westfalia Separator Ag Screw-type solid bowl centrifuge with multistage planetary gear train
US6589154B2 (en) 2001-05-30 2003-07-08 Alfa Laval Inc. Decanter centrifuge with a gear box mounted on the bowl
US20040138040A1 (en) * 2003-01-15 2004-07-15 Hensley Gary L. Decanter centrifuge control
US20070203009A1 (en) * 2003-04-22 2007-08-30 Cunningham Sinclair U Centrifuge Comprising Hydraulic Differential Speed Determination
US7431684B2 (en) * 2003-04-22 2008-10-07 Viscotherm Ag Centrifuge comprising hydraulic differential speed determination
US7041044B2 (en) * 2003-05-19 2006-05-09 Andritz-Guinard S.A.S. Rotatable machine or centrifuge with driving motors in a simple casing
US20040232791A1 (en) * 2003-05-19 2004-11-25 Luc Gilbert System for driving a rotatable machine
US20110034313A1 (en) * 2009-08-06 2011-02-10 Andritz Separation Inc. Centrifuge with hydraulic drive unit
US8808154B2 (en) * 2010-09-13 2014-08-19 Hiller Gmbh Drive apparatus in a scroll centrifuge having a gearbox with a housing nonrotatably connected to a drive shaft
CN102814244A (en) * 2012-07-31 2012-12-12 天圣环保工程(成都)有限公司 Full hydraulic drive differential horizontal screw centrifuge
CN104084317A (en) * 2013-08-15 2014-10-08 飞翼股份有限公司 Special solid-liquid separator for underground coal mine
CN106369013A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-02-01 上海市离心机械研究所有限公司 Dynamic testing device for hydraulic motor of horizontal spiral centrifuge and using method thereof
CN106369013B (en) * 2016-11-16 2018-04-10 上海市离心机械研究所有限公司 Decanters one kind of hydraulic motor dynamic testing apparatus and method of use

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DE7422923U (en) 1977-11-03 grant
FR2237682A1 (en) 1975-02-14 application
DE2432284A1 (en) 1975-02-06 application
FR2237682B1 (en) 1978-03-24 grant

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AS Assignment

Owner name: GLYCO-ANTRIEBSTECHNIK GMBH, STIELSTRASSE 18, D-62

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:CYPHELLY, IVAN J.;REEL/FRAME:004224/0085

Effective date: 19840124