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Joint prosthesis

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US3922726A
US3922726A US49888374A US3922726A US 3922726 A US3922726 A US 3922726A US 49888374 A US49888374 A US 49888374A US 3922726 A US3922726 A US 3922726A
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Prior art keywords
cup
cavity
member
prosthesis
joint
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Claudio Trentani
Sergio Sandrolini Cortesi
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SANDROLINI CORTESI SERGIO
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SANDROLINI CORTESI SERGIO
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/36Femoral heads ; Femoral endoprostheses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/36Femoral heads ; Femoral endoprostheses
    • A61F2/3662Femoral shafts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30003Material related properties of the prosthesis or of a coating on the prosthesis
    • A61F2002/3006Properties of materials and coating materials
    • A61F2002/30065Properties of materials and coating materials thermoplastic, i.e. softening or fusing when heated, and hardening and becoming rigid again when cooled
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30003Material related properties of the prosthesis or of a coating on the prosthesis
    • A61F2002/3006Properties of materials and coating materials
    • A61F2002/3008Properties of materials and coating materials radio-opaque, e.g. radio-opaque markers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30329Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2002/30331Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements made by longitudinally pushing a protrusion into a complementarily-shaped recess, e.g. held by friction fit
    • A61F2002/30378Spherically-shaped protrusion and recess
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30621Features concering the anatomical functioning or articulation of the prosthetic joint
    • A61F2002/30649Ball-and-socket joints
    • A61F2002/30662Ball-and-socket joints with rotation-limiting means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2002/3208Bipolar or multipolar joints, e.g. having a femoral head articulating within an intermediate acetabular shell whilst said shell articulates within the natural acetabular socket or within an artificial outer shell
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/34Acetabular cups
    • A61F2002/345Acetabular cups the inner and outer (hemi)spherical surfaces of a shell, e.g. an intermediate shell, having distinct centres of rotation, both located on the centre line of the shell
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/34Acetabular cups
    • A61F2002/348Additional features
    • A61F2002/3493Spherical shell significantly greater than a hemisphere, e.g. extending over more than 200 degrees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/36Femoral heads ; Femoral endoprostheses
    • A61F2/3609Femoral heads or necks; Connections of endoprosthetic heads or necks to endoprosthetic femoral shafts
    • A61F2002/3611Heads or epiphyseal parts of femur
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/36Femoral heads ; Femoral endoprostheses
    • A61F2/3609Femoral heads or necks; Connections of endoprosthetic heads or necks to endoprosthetic femoral shafts
    • A61F2002/365Connections of heads to necks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2210/00Particular material properties of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2210/0071Particular material properties of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof thermoplastic
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2220/00Fixations or connections for prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2220/0025Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2220/0033Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements made by longitudinally pushing a protrusion into a complementary-shaped recess, e.g. held by friction fit
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2250/00Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2250/0058Additional features; Implant or prostheses properties not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2250/0096Markers and sensors for detecting a position or changes of a position of an implant, e.g. RF sensors, ultrasound markers
    • A61F2250/0098Markers and sensors for detecting a position or changes of a position of an implant, e.g. RF sensors, ultrasound markers radio-opaque, e.g. radio-opaque markers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00005The prosthesis being constructed from a particular material
    • A61F2310/00011Metals or alloys
    • A61F2310/00023Titanium or titanium-based alloys, e.g. Ti-Ni alloys

Abstract

A hip joint prosthesis which comprises a cup member for placement in the acetabulum and configurated externally after a substantially spherical surface and internally to form a cavity for snap insertion on the spheroidal head of a stem to which it articulated and which is positioned in medullar cavity of the thigh bone after removal of the thigh bone epiphysis. The pivot center of said spheroidal head of the stem within the cavity of said cup member is located between the center and the spherical outer surface of the cup.

Description

United States Patent Trentani et al. Dec. 2, 1975 JOINT PROSTHESIS 3,728,742 4/1973 Averill etal. 128/92 0 x 3,813,699 6/1974 Giliberty l28/92 C X Invenwrs' 3,829,904 8/1974 Ling ct al 3/1912 fis both of Bologna Primary Examiner-Ronald L. Frinks y Attorney, Agent, or FirmGuid0 Modiano; Albert 22 Filed: Aug. 20, 1974 10511 1211 Appl. No.: 498,883

[57] ABSTRACT [30] Foreign Application Priority Data A hip joint prosthesis which comprises a cup member A 27 1973 h 1 3477/73 for placement in the acetabulum and configurated exa y ternally after a substantially spherical surface and internally to form a cavity for snap insertion on the A i E spheroidal head of a stem to which it articulated and [58] Fie'ld 1913 which is positioned in medullar cavity of the thigh 7 5 A bone after removal of the thigh bone epiphysis. The pivot center of said spheroidal head of the stem within the cavity of said cup member is located between the [56] UNITE S :ZqrENTS center and the spherical outer surface of the cup. 3.722002 3/1973 Charnley 128/92 c x 4 Claims 1 Drawmg Figure US. Patent Dec. 2, 1975 This invention relates to a hip joint prosthesis, i.e. a

prosthesis designed for permanent installation in. a patients body by surgical operation. 1

It is known to use hip joint prosthesis in order to restore an effective degree of deambulatory capabilities in patients affected by processes of the arthrosis type with degeneration and consumption of the joint cartilages or fracture of the thigh bone neck; in both cases the replacement of the thigh bone epiphysis becomes necessary.

The hip prosthesis of conventional design comprises essentially a stem the lower part whereof is inserted and possibly bonded into the medulloid channel of the thigh bone, following the removal of the thigh bone epiphysis, and made to articulate to the acetabulum in the pelvis.

Such known interior surgical appliances may be classed in two groups: a first group comprising a spherical head of solid steel which, being integral with the endomedullary affixing stem, has dimensions compatible with those of the thigh bone head it is conceived to replace, and which articulates directly to the acetabulum, whereas a second group requires replacement of both the joint surfaces, of the thigh bone as well as of the cotyloid cavity; the appliances of the second group differ from the appliances of the first group in that the acetabulum is also involved and covered with a cup of high-density polyethylene, bonded thereto by cementing, thereby the thigh bone component does not rest directly on the articular cartilage of the cotyloid cavity, but instead on the new cotylis of polyethylene.

The prosthesis of the first group involve, due to deambulation and their weight, the wearing out and subsequent breaking of the acetabulum, causing the new epiphysis to penetrate the pelvis within a few years period giving rise to pain, limpness and functional restrictions, whereas for the prosthesis for the second group, which are not subject to the above problem, surgical interventions are required which are more traumatic and thus not recommended, especially when the patients are of old age.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the invention to provide a hip joint prosthesis capable to obviate the above difficulties, i.e. prosthesis that is effective in retarding the wearing out and breaking the acetabulum and that does not require surgical operations of a complex and traumatic nature.

Another object of the invention is to provide a hip joint prosthesis having a simple and light structure, easy to manufacture, safe and effective while being of low cost.

According to the present invention a hip joint prosthesis is provided comprising a cup member for placement in an articulating relation in an acetabulum of the pelvis, said cup member having an outer spherical surface and an inner spherical cavity which communicates with the outside through an opening, a femoral insert including a stem for insertion into the femoral bone after removal of the epiphysis thereof and a spheroidal head engaging said spherical cavity through said opening and articulated therein, wherein according to the improvement said spherical cavity is eccentrically located with respect to the outer surface of the cup memher so as to be displaced in a direction diametrically opposite to said opening. g V

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING Further advantages and features of the invention will become more apparent from the following description of a preferred though not exclusive embodiment thereof, and the accompanying exemplary drawing,

wherein: a I v The FIGURE is a partly sectional view of a hip joint prosthesis according to the invention.

DESCRIPTION OE A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT With reference to the drawing, the numeral 1 identifies the cup member of the hip joint prosthesis and the numeral 2 the femoral insert, which will be driven into the diaphysis of the thigh bone: the cup member 1 is advantageously of a plastic material such as thermoplastic polyesters or high density polyehtylene, while for the femoral insert 2 light alloys have proved successful, such as titanium alloys which are oxidation-free.

The cup member 1, has a symmetry of rotation about the axis a and, is shaped so as to have an outer spherical surface whose center is indicated at A. Within the cup member 1 a spherical cavity 4 is provided which communicates externally through an opening 5 which has a frusto-conical inner surface that diverges in a direction outwardly from said cavity and is surrounded by the annular area 3. The center B of the cavity 4 is located on the axis a passing on the center A of the outer surface of the cup member 1.

In the cavity 4, with the aid of a suitable tool, the spheroidal head 6 of the insert 2 can be snap inserted: at connection zone of the head 6, the insert has a reduced cross-section with respect to opening 5 in order to allow for the articulation of the insert within the cavity 4 so that the head 6 is free to rotate in any plane with respect to the endomedullary inphybulum, without however coming apart therefrom.

The lower portion of the insert 1 is constituted by a stem 7, the centerline whereof is b, and which is to be driven and/or bonded into the upper part of the medullary channel of the thigh bone after the removal of the thigh bone epiphysis. The stem 7 is joined to the spheroidal head 6 through an arcuate portion 8: suitably, the arrangement of the insert 2 with respect to cup member 1 will be such as to reproduce as faithfully as possible the angle existing between the dyaphysis and the thigh bone neck. It should be noted that the insert 2 is of a type largely in use for surgical appliances of the second group, and that it is contemplated that the cup member 1 be manufactured in a range of sizes suitable for various applications; with a range of such cup member, since the spheroidal head 6 of the insert has standardized dimensions, it becomes possible, even during the surgical operation the assembling, of hip joint prosthesis adhering as strictly as possible to the characteristics of the thigh bone epiphysis just removed, and this without resorting to a supply of different complete appliances, said supply being costly, or making individually prepared appliances.

Once the stem 7 of the insert has been affixed in the thigh bone dyaphysis, the cup member 1 is placed in cotyloid cavity or acetabulum of the pelvis: thanks to the eccentricity between points A and B, the cup member 1 seats in a position of stable equilibrium since the pivot center B of the head 6 is located between the center A of the outer surface of the cup member and the cotyloid cavity. When deambulating, large relative movements of the head 6 of the stem with respect to the cup member 1 shall correspond to very limited movements of the cupmember l with respect to the cotyloid cavity. Thus, friction between the cup member and the cotyloid cavity is minimized, and wear and breaking of the pelvis are substantially eliminated.

In order to allow for the X-raying of the cup member 1, which is normally of a material impervious to X-rays, close to the area 3 of the head a thin metal wire 9 is provided in a loop configuration.

We claim:

1. Hip-joint prosthesis comprising a cup member for placement in an articulating relation in an acetabulum of the pelvis, said cup member having a continuously smooth outer spherical surface and aninner spherical cavity which communicates with the outside through an opening, a femoral insert including a stem for insertion into the femoral bone after removal of the epiphysis thereof and a spheroidal head engaging said spherical cavity through said opening and articulated therein, wherein according to the improvement said spherical cavity is eccentrically located with respect to the outer surface of the cup member so as to be displaced in a direction diametrically opposite to said opening.

2. Hip-joint prosthesis as defined in claim 1 wherein said opening has an inner frusto-conical surface that diverges in a direction outwardly from said cavity.

3. Hip-joint prosthesis as defined in claim 2 wherein at the connection area of said spheroidal head to the stem, said stem has a lesser cross-section dimension than that of said opening.

4. Hip-joint prosthesis as defined in claim 2 wherein said cup member has a rotation symmetry about an axis passing through the center of said opening and the centers of said outer surface and inner cavity, the center of said cavity being located on said axis between the outer surface and the center thereof.

Claims (4)

1. Hip-joint prosthesis comprising a cup member for placement in an articulating relation in an acetabulum of the pelvis, said cup member having a continuously smooth outer spherical surface and an inner spherical cavity which communicates with the outside through an opening, a femoral insert including a stem for insertion into the femoral bone after removal of the epiphysis thereof and a spheroidal head engaging said spherical cavity through said opening and articulated therein, wherein according to the improvement said spherical cavity is eccentrically located with respect to the outer surface of the cup member so as to be displaced in a direction diametrically opposite to said opening.
2. Hip-joint prosthesis as defined in claim 1 wherein said opening has an inner frusto-conical surface that diverges in a direction outwardly from said cavity.
3. Hip-joint prosthesis as defined in claim 2 wherein at the connection area of said spheroidal head to the stem, said stem has a lesser cross-section dimension than that of said opening.
4. Hip-joint prosthesis as defined in claim 2 wherein said cup member has a rotation symmetry about an axis passing through the center of said opening and the centers of said outer surface and inner cavity, the center of said cavity being located on said axis between the outer surface and the center thereof.
US3922726A 1973-08-27 1974-08-20 Joint prosthesis Expired - Lifetime US3922726A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
IT347773 1973-08-27

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US3922726A true US3922726A (en) 1975-12-02

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US (1) US3922726A (en)
DE (1) DE2440291A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2242066B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1477149A (en)

Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4044403A (en) * 1976-11-01 1977-08-30 Howmedica, Inc. Implantable joint prosthesis
US4106130A (en) * 1976-02-20 1978-08-15 National Research Development Corporation Endoprosthetic bone joint devices
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US20100121283A1 (en) * 2008-11-13 2010-05-13 C. R. Bard, Inc. Implantable medical devices including septum-based indicators
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US20100268165A1 (en) * 2005-03-04 2010-10-21 C. R. Bard, Inc. Systems and methods for radiographically identifying an access port
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US8268008B2 (en) 2003-06-11 2012-09-18 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Osteoimplants and methods for their manufacture
USD676955S1 (en) 2010-12-30 2013-02-26 C. R. Bard, Inc. Implantable access port
USD682416S1 (en) 2010-12-30 2013-05-14 C. R. Bard, Inc. Implantable access port
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US8679187B2 (en) 2006-03-20 2014-03-25 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Acetabular cup assembly for multiple bearing materials
US8722075B2 (en) 2008-10-24 2014-05-13 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Compositions and methods for promoting bone formation
US9265912B2 (en) 2006-11-08 2016-02-23 C. R. Bard, Inc. Indicia informative of characteristics of insertable medical devices
US9474888B2 (en) 2005-03-04 2016-10-25 C. R. Bard, Inc. Implantable access port including a sandwiched radiopaque insert
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US9610432B2 (en) 2007-07-19 2017-04-04 Innovative Medical Devices, Llc Venous access port assembly with X-ray discernable indicia

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US4106130A (en) * 1976-02-20 1978-08-15 National Research Development Corporation Endoprosthetic bone joint devices
US4044403A (en) * 1976-11-01 1977-08-30 Howmedica, Inc. Implantable joint prosthesis
US4378607A (en) * 1978-05-31 1983-04-05 Wadsworth Thomas G Elbow replacement prosthesis
US4623352A (en) * 1982-01-18 1986-11-18 Indong Oh Protrusio cup
US4636213A (en) * 1985-01-24 1987-01-13 Pakiam Anthony I Implantable prosthesis
US4895572A (en) * 1988-11-25 1990-01-23 Ira Chernoff Interlocking femoral prosthesis device
US5405402A (en) * 1993-04-14 1995-04-11 Intermedics Orthopedics, Inc. Implantable prosthesis with radiographic marker
EP1839622A2 (en) 1996-09-13 2007-10-03 Osteotech, Inc., Surgical implant containing a resorbable radiopaque marker
US5676146A (en) * 1996-09-13 1997-10-14 Osteotech, Inc. Surgical implant containing a resorbable radiopaque marker and method of locating such within a body
WO1998010712A1 (en) 1996-09-13 1998-03-19 Osteotech, Inc. Surgical implant containing a resorbable radiopaque marker
EP2260790A2 (en) 1996-09-13 2010-12-15 Osteotech, Inc. Surgical implant containing a resorbable radiopaque marker
US8177762B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2012-05-15 C. R. Bard, Inc. Septum including at least one identifiable feature, access ports including same, and related methods
US8608713B2 (en) 1998-12-07 2013-12-17 C. R. Bard, Inc. Septum feature for identification of an access port
US8197474B2 (en) 1999-10-15 2012-06-12 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Volume maintaining osteoinductive/osteoconductive compositions
US8002813B2 (en) 1999-10-15 2011-08-23 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Volume maintaining osteoinductive/osteoconductive compositions
US8663672B2 (en) 2000-07-19 2014-03-04 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Osteoimplant and method of making same
US9387094B2 (en) 2000-07-19 2016-07-12 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Osteoimplant and method of making same
US7939108B2 (en) 2000-12-14 2011-05-10 Osteotech, Inc. Method of making demineralized bone particles
US8529962B2 (en) 2000-12-14 2013-09-10 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Method of making demineralized bone particles
US20050071015A1 (en) * 2001-04-26 2005-03-31 Ronald Sekel Acetabular prosthesis assembly
US7959941B2 (en) 2001-10-12 2011-06-14 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Bone graft comprising a demineralized bone matrix and a stabilizing agent
US8753689B2 (en) 2001-12-14 2014-06-17 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Method of making demineralized bone particles
US9393116B2 (en) 2003-06-11 2016-07-19 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Osteoimplants and methods for their manufacture
US8268008B2 (en) 2003-06-11 2012-09-18 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Osteoimplants and methods for their manufacture
US20050228502A1 (en) * 2004-04-02 2005-10-13 Benoist Girard Sas Prosthetic femoral joint
US7520902B2 (en) * 2004-04-02 2009-04-21 Benoist Girard Sas Prosthetic femoral joint
US7785302B2 (en) 2005-03-04 2010-08-31 C. R. Bard, Inc. Access port identification systems and methods
US8382723B2 (en) 2005-03-04 2013-02-26 C. R. Bard, Inc. Access port identification systems and methods
US8029482B2 (en) 2005-03-04 2011-10-04 C. R. Bard, Inc. Systems and methods for radiographically identifying an access port
US9603993B2 (en) 2005-03-04 2017-03-28 C. R. Bard, Inc. Access port identification systems and methods
US20100268165A1 (en) * 2005-03-04 2010-10-21 C. R. Bard, Inc. Systems and methods for radiographically identifying an access port
US8202259B2 (en) 2005-03-04 2012-06-19 C. R. Bard, Inc. Systems and methods for identifying an access port
US7959615B2 (en) 2005-03-04 2011-06-14 C. R. Bard, Inc. Access port identification systems and methods
US9474888B2 (en) 2005-03-04 2016-10-25 C. R. Bard, Inc. Implantable access port including a sandwiched radiopaque insert
US20090204072A1 (en) * 2005-03-04 2009-08-13 C. R. Bard, Inc. Access port identification systems and methods
US8382724B2 (en) 2005-03-04 2013-02-26 C. R. Bard, Inc. Systems and methods for radiographically identifying an access port
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US8998860B2 (en) 2005-03-04 2015-04-07 C. R. Bard, Inc. Systems and methods for identifying an access port
US9682186B2 (en) 2005-03-04 2017-06-20 C. R. Bard, Inc. Access port identification systems and methods
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US8939947B2 (en) 2005-03-04 2015-01-27 C. R. Bard, Inc. Systems and methods for radiographically identifying an access port
US8603052B2 (en) 2005-03-04 2013-12-10 C. R. Bard, Inc. Access port identification systems and methods
US8585663B2 (en) 2005-03-04 2013-11-19 C. R. Bard, Inc. Access port identification systems and methods
US8545460B2 (en) 2005-04-27 2013-10-01 C. R. Bard, Inc. Infusion apparatuses and related methods
US8475417B2 (en) 2005-04-27 2013-07-02 C. R. Bard, Inc. Assemblies for identifying a power injectable access port
US8641676B2 (en) 2005-04-27 2014-02-04 C. R. Bard, Inc. Infusion apparatuses and methods of use
US8641688B2 (en) 2005-04-27 2014-02-04 C. R. Bard, Inc. Assemblies for identifying a power injectable access port
US8805478B2 (en) 2005-04-27 2014-08-12 C. R. Bard, Inc. Methods of performing a power injection procedure including identifying features of a subcutaneously implanted access port for delivery of contrast media
US9421352B2 (en) 2005-04-27 2016-08-23 C. R. Bard, Inc. Infusion apparatuses and methods of use
US8025639B2 (en) 2005-04-27 2011-09-27 C. R. Bard, Inc. Methods of power injecting a fluid through an access port
US8545864B2 (en) 2005-11-02 2013-10-01 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Hemostatic bone graft
US8679187B2 (en) 2006-03-20 2014-03-25 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Acetabular cup assembly for multiple bearing materials
US20080108949A1 (en) * 2006-11-08 2008-05-08 C. R. Bard, Inc. Resource information key for an insertable medical device
US9265912B2 (en) 2006-11-08 2016-02-23 C. R. Bard, Inc. Indicia informative of characteristics of insertable medical devices
US9642986B2 (en) 2006-11-08 2017-05-09 C. R. Bard, Inc. Resource information key for an insertable medical device
US8852160B2 (en) 2007-06-20 2014-10-07 Medical Components, Inc. Venous access port with molded and/or radiopaque indicia
US9533133B2 (en) 2007-06-20 2017-01-03 Medical Components, Inc. Venous access port with molded and/or radiopaque indicia
US8257325B2 (en) 2007-06-20 2012-09-04 Medical Components, Inc. Venous access port with molded and/or radiopaque indicia
US9517329B2 (en) 2007-07-19 2016-12-13 Medical Components, Inc. Venous access port assembly with X-ray discernable indicia
US9610432B2 (en) 2007-07-19 2017-04-04 Innovative Medical Devices, Llc Venous access port assembly with X-ray discernable indicia
US20090156928A1 (en) * 2007-11-07 2009-06-18 C. R. Bard, Inc. Radiopaque and septum-based indicators for a multi-lumen implantable port
US9579496B2 (en) 2007-11-07 2017-02-28 C. R. Bard, Inc. Radiopaque and septum-based indicators for a multi-lumen implantable port
US8722075B2 (en) 2008-10-24 2014-05-13 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Compositions and methods for promoting bone formation
US8932271B2 (en) 2008-11-13 2015-01-13 C. R. Bard, Inc. Implantable medical devices including septum-based indicators
US20100121283A1 (en) * 2008-11-13 2010-05-13 C. R. Bard, Inc. Implantable medical devices including septum-based indicators
US20110009828A1 (en) * 2009-07-07 2011-01-13 C.R.Bard, Inc. Extensible internal bolster for a medical device
US8715244B2 (en) 2009-07-07 2014-05-06 C. R. Bard, Inc. Extensible internal bolster for a medical device
US20110118677A1 (en) * 2009-11-17 2011-05-19 C. R. Bard, Inc. Overmolded access port including anchoring and identification features
US9079004B2 (en) 2009-11-17 2015-07-14 C. R. Bard, Inc. Overmolded access port including anchoring and identification features
US9717895B2 (en) 2009-11-17 2017-08-01 C. R. Bard, Inc. Overmolded access port including anchoring and identification features
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FR2242066A1 (en) 1975-03-28 application
DE2440291A1 (en) 1975-03-13 application
GB1477149A (en) 1977-06-22 application
FR2242066B1 (en) 1978-07-13 grant

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